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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Visualization of blood supply route to the reconstructed stomach by indocyanine green fluorescence imaging during esophagectomy.
BMC Med Imaging
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2014
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Ensuring an adequate blood supply is essential to the safe performance of an anastomosis during esophagectomy and the prevention of anastomotic leakage. Recently, indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging has been used to visualize the blood supply when anastomosis is performed in vascular surgery. We used ICG fluorescence imaging to visualize the blood supply for reconstruction during esophagectomy.
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Relation of INHBA gene expression to outcomes in gastric cancer after curative surgery.
Anticancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2014
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Inhibin-?A (INHBA), a ligand belonging to the transforming growth factor-? superfamily, is associated with cell proliferation in cancer. We studied the relations of INHBA gene expression to clinicopathological factors and outcomes in 168 patients with gastric cancer who underwent curative surgery. Relative INHBA gene expression was measured in surgical specimens of cancer tissue and adjacent normal mucosa by quantitative real-time, reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. INHBA expression levels were significantly higher in cancer tissue than in adjacent normal mucosa and were related to TNM stage and venous invasion. High INHBA gene expression was associated with significantly poorer 5-year overall survival than was low expression. On multivariate analysis, INHBA gene expression was an independent prognostic factor. Overexpression of the INHBA gene is considered a useful independent predictor of outcomes in patients with gastric cancer after curative surgery.
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Vitamin E deficiency begins within 6 months after gastrectomy for gastric cancer.
World J Surg
PUBLISHED: 03-27-2014
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To clarify factors related to vitamin E malabsorption after gastric surgery, we evaluated serum vitamin E levels in patients who had undergone gastrectomy for gastric cancer.
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Using NU-KNIT® for hemostasis around recurrent laryngeal nerve during transthoracic esophagectomy with lymphadenectomy for esophageal cancer.
BMC Res Notes
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2014
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We thought that using electrocautery for hemostasis caused recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy. We reflected the prolonged use of electrocautery and employed NU-KNIT® to achieve hemostasis nearby the recurrent laryngeal nerve. We assessed that using NU-KNIT® hemostasis prevented or not postoperative recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy, retrospectively. The present study was evaluated to compare using electrocautery hemostasis with using NU-KNIT® hemostasis during lymphadenectomy along recurrent laryngeal nerve. The variables compared were morbidity rate of recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy, operation time, and blood loss.
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Impact of overexpression of Sushi repeat-containing protein X-linked 2 gene on outcomes of gastric cancer.
J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 02-16-2014
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Sushi repeat-containing protein X-linked 2 (SRPX2) was first described as a downstream target gene for E2A-HLA, which causes pro-B acute leukemia. SRPX2 is considered to promote cellular migration and adhesion in cancers. Our objective was to evaluate the relative expression of the SRPX2 gene and to determine whether such expression correlates with outcomes in patients with gastric cancer.
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Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor of the rectum: report of a case and review of the literature.
World J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2014
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We report a case of perivascular epithelioid cell tumor arising in the rectum of a 55-year-old woman. The tumor was treated by transanal endoscopic microsurgery. After 1 year follow-up, the patient is alive with no radiologic or endoscopic evidence of recurrence. Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor is a rare mesenchymal tumor characterized by co-expression of melanocytic and smooth muscle markers. This rare tumor can arise in various organs, including the falciform ligament, uterus, uterine cervix, liver, kidney, lung, breast, cardiac septum, pancreas, prostate, thigh, and gastrointestinal tract. Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor of the gastrointestinal tract is very rare, with only 23 previously reported cases. We review the literature on perivascular epithelioid cell tumors arising in the gastrointestinal tract.
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[Curative resection of a case of advanced gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination responding well to combination chemotherapy of docetaxel,cisplatin and S-1].
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
PUBLISHED: 09-20-2013
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We report a curative resection of a case with advanced gastric cancer responding remarkably well to combination chemotherapy of docetaxel, cisplatin and S-1. The patient was a 71-year-old man with gastric cancer of Borrmann type 3 accompanied with N3. Staging laparoscopy revealed peritoneal dissemination. He was administered docetaxel intravenously at 40mg/ m2 on day 1, cisplatin intravenously at 60 mg/m2 on day 1, and S-1 orally at 80 mg/m2 on days 1 to 14. This treatment was repeated every 28 days as one course. According to gastroscope and CT findings, a significant tumor reduction was obtained after 4 courses. After 6 courses, a CT scan revealed partial response of the lymph node metastasis, and the serum CEA value was normalized. Curative total gastrectomy was performed. The histological effect of the primary lesion was judged to be grade 2. Combination chemotherapy of S-1, cisplatin and docetaxel can be effective and feasible for advanced gastric cancer.
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Clinical significance of SPARC gene expression in patients with gastric cancer.
J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 04-25-2013
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Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) is one of the first known matricellular proteins that modulates interactions between cells and extracellular matrix. Recent studies investigated the clinical significance of SPARC gene expression in the development, progression, and metastasis of cancer. The present study examined the relations of the relative expression of the SPARC gene to clinicopathological factors and overall survival in patients with gastric cancer.
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Stabilization of MDA-7/IL-24 for colon cancer therapy.
Cancer Lett.
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2013
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Colon cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in the United States. Recombinant MDA-7/IL-24 has showed its selective cytotoxicity against cancer cells, and Ad-mda7 (INGN-241) is currently under clinical investigation for solid tumors. Here, we investigated the expression of MDA-7/IL-24 in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues from 202 patients. Compared with the adjacent mucosa, CRC tissues displayed significantly lower MDA-7/IL-24 levels. The MDA-7/IL-24 levels in CRC were significantly associated with patients survival rate in a 6-year period. These results indicate MDA-7/IL-24 level is both a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for CRC, and support the role of MDA-7/IL-24 in the treatment of CRC. To elevate MDA-7/IL-24 level for colon cancer treatment, we successfully developed a small-molecule compound SC144 with the ability to up-regulate MDA-7/IL-24 expression via direct binding and stabilizing MDA-7/IL-24 in human colon cancer cells. Among the analogs tested, SC144 exhibited the highest cytotoxicity in a panel of colon cancer cell lines in a p53-independent manner, accompanied by cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 with downregulation of Cyclin D1 levels, and apoptosis induction with upregulation of cell surface-bound Fas/CD95. These results combined with our previous studies support the anticancer role of MDA-7/IL-24 as well as the clinical development of SC144 for colon cancer treatment.
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The global histone modification pattern correlates with overall survival in metachronous liver metastasis of colorectal cancer.
Oncol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 09-12-2011
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Post-translational histone modifications are known to be altered in cancer tissues, and differences in the histone modification levels have recently been used to predict the clinical outcome in patients with certain types of cancer. In this study, we evaluated the immunohistochemical staining patterns of histone H3 dimethylation and acetylation in metachronous liver metastasis of colorectal carcinomas and examined its correlation with patient prognosis. Double 2 mm core tissue microarrays were made from 54 paraffin-embedded samples of liver metastasis from colorectal adenocarcinoma, and were examined by an immunohistochemical analysis of histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4) dimethylation, histone, H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) dimethylation and histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) acetylation. Positive tumor cell staining for each histone modification was used to classify patients into low- and high-staining groups, which were then examined for correlations with the clinicopathological parameters and clinical outcome. Dimethylation of H3K4 correlated with the tumor histological type (P=0.043), and acetylation of H3K9 correlated with the tumor histological type (P=0.016). In addition, lower levels of H3K4 dimethylation correlated with a poor survival rate (P=0.035). The multivariate survival analysis showed that the H3K4 dimethylation status is an independent prognostic factor for colorectal cancer patients (P=0.011). We suggest that the pattern of histone modification as detected by immunohistochemistry may be an independent prognostic factor for metachronous liver metastasis of colorectal carcinomas.
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[Clinical efficacy and safety of CPT-11+CDDP therapy as third-line chemotherapy for advanced and recurrent gastric cancer].
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
PUBLISHED: 06-17-2011
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The clinical efficacy and safety of CPT-11+CDDP therapy were studied retrospectively in 34 patients with advanced and recurrent gastric cancer. The overall response rate was 5. 9%; MST was 209 days. The adverse effects observed were grade 3 in 7 patients(20. 6%). CPT-11+CDDP therapy could be useful and safe as third-line chemotherapy.
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[Three cases of advanced gastric cancer successfully treated by combination therapy of biweekly S-1 and docetaxel].
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
PUBLISHED: 03-16-2011
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We report three cases of advanced gastric cancer successfully treated by combination therapy of S-1 and docetaxel (DOC). We administered S-1 orally at 80 mg/m² on days 1 to 7 and days 15 to 21, and DOC intravenously at 40 mg/m² on day 1 and 15, and evaluation was conducted every two courses. Case 1: A 73-year-old man with gastric cancer of cT4a, accompanied with bulky N2 lymph node metastasis, was treated with two courses of S-1 and DOC. Partial response was confirmed, followed by total gastrectomy, which revealed his histological grade to be 1b. Case 2: A 65-year-old man with gastric cancer of cT4a, accompanied with bulky lymph node metastasis, was treated with two courses of S-1 and DOC. Partial response was confirmed, followed by distal gastrectomy, which revealed his histological grade to be 1b. Case 3: A 76-year-old woman with gastric cancer of cT4b (panc), was treated with four courses of S-1 and DOC. After that, the main tumor was judged to be cT4a, followed by total gastrectomy, which revealed her histological grade to be 1b. Combined S-1 and DOC chemotherapy is an effective regimen for the treatment of unresectable gastric cancer.
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Relationship between RegIV gene expression to outcomes in colorectal cancer.
J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 02-14-2011
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Regenerating islet-derived family members (Reg) are superfamily of calcium-dependant lectins that are expressed in the proximal gastrointestinal tract and ectopically at other sites in the setting of tissue injury. The regenerating islet-derived family member 4 (RegIV) gene has been reported in various cancers, associating with diverse functions. This study examined the relation of the relative expression of RegIV gene to clinicopathological factors and outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC).
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Expression of circadian genes correlates with liver metastasis and outcomes in colorectal cancer.
Oncol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 02-07-2011
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Circadian rhythms are daily oscillations in various biological processes, generated by the feedback loops of eight core circadian genes: Period1 (Per1), Period2 (Per2), Period3 (Per3), Cryptochrome1 (Cry1), Cryptochrome2 (Cry2), Clock, Bmal1 and Casein Kinase I ? (CKI?). Recent studies have suggested that circadian genes participate in the growth and development of various cancers. This study examined the relations of circadian gene expression to clinicopathological factors and outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer. We studied surgical specimens of cancer tissue and adjacent normal mucosa obtained from 202 patients with untreated colorectal cancer. The relative expression levels of the circadian genes in the specimens were measured by quantitative real-time, reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Expression of the Clock gene and the CKI? gene in cancer tissue were significantly higher compared to that in adjacent normal mucosa. Expression of the Per1 and Per3 genes in cancer tissue was significantly lower compared to that in adjacent normal mucosa. Analysis of the relations between clinicopathological features and expression of the eight circadian genes in cancer tissue showed that high expression of the Bmal1 gene and low expression of the Per1 gene correlated with liver metastasis. On analysis of the relations between outcomes and gene expression, high expression of the Per2 gene was associated with significantly better outcomes than low expression of the Per2 gene. Overexpression of the Bmal1 gene and reduced expression of the Per1 gene may thus be useful predictors of liver metastasis. Moreover, reduced expression of the Per2 gene may be a predictor of outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer.
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Primary placement technique of jejunostomy using the entristar™ skin-level gastrostomy tube in patients with esophageal cancer.
BMC Gastroenterol
PUBLISHED: 01-31-2011
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We developed a skin-level jejunostomy tube (SLJT) procedure for patients undergoing esophagectomy using a skin-level gastrostomy tube (G-tube) (Entristar™; Tyco Healthcare, Mansfield, Mass), in order to improve their nutrition status and quality of life (QOL). We describe the procedure and the adverse effects of SLJT in patients with esophageal cancer (EC).
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Clinical significance of STC1 gene expression in patients with colorectal cancer.
Anticancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2011
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Recent studies suggest that altered patterns of stanniocalcin 1 (STC1) gene expression have a role in human carcinogenesis. This study examined the relationship between the relative expression of the STC1 gene and clinicopathological factors in patients with colorectal cancer.
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Overexpression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 gene correlates with poor outcomes in colorectal cancer.
Anticancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 11-02-2010
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Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) is a major endogenous regulator of matrix metalloproteinases. This study examined the relation between TIMP-1 gene expression and postoperative mortality in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Specimens of CRC were obtained from 202 patients. The relative expression levels of TIMP-1 mRNA in cancer and in normal adjacent mucosa were measured by quantitative real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. The expression level of the TIMP-1 gene was categorized as low or high according to the median value. The TIMP-1 level did not correlate with any clinicopathological feature. On Kaplan-Meier analysis, the 5-year overall survival rate was significantly lower in patients with high TIMP-1 (62.6%) than in those with low TIMP-1 (80.6%; p=0.0113). High TIMP-1 mRNA expression was associated with significantly poorer overall survival on univariate Cox regression analysis (p=0.013) and multivariate analysis (p=0.019). [corrected]. Overexpression of TIMP-1 thus correlated with poor outcomes in patients with CRC. Our results suggest that the TIMP-1 gene expression level might be a useful, independent prognostic factor in CRC.
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Risk factors for intrahepatic recurrence after curative surgical treatment of colorectal liver metastases.
Hepatogastroenterology
PUBLISHED: 10-12-2010
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Hepatic resection has been regarded as the only curative treatment for colorectal liver metastases. After a first hepatectomy, 30% to 70% of patients develop intrahepatic recurrence. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed risk factors for intrahepatic recurrence.
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Relation of MT1-MMP gene expression to outcomes in colorectal cancer.
J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 08-20-2010
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Matrix metalloproteinases are members of a large family of endopeptidases that participate in the extracellular-matrix degradation that accompanies cancer cell invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis. The membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) gene has been reported in various cancers and is associated with tumor invasion and metastasis. This study examined the relation of the relative expression of MT1-MMP gene to clinicopathological factors and outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC).
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Detection of gastric cancer cells in the blue lymph node and lymphaticus under sentinel lymph node biopsy using dye technique alone.
Hepatogastroenterology
PUBLISHED: 08-12-2010
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We investigated whether or not there are cancer cells in the blue node (BN) and the sentinel lymphaticus (SL), which is detected using sentinel node biopsy (SNB).
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Overexpression of MMP-13 gene in colorectal cancer with liver metastasis.
Anticancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 08-05-2010
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Matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7), MMP-9, MMP-13, and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) are considered to have important roles in the invasiveness and outcomes of colorectal cancer (CRC). This study examined the clinicopathological significance of the relative expression of these genes in patients with colorectal cancer, especially as related to liver metastasis. The study analysed surgical specimens of cancer tissue and adjacent normal mucosa obtained from 202 patients with untreated colorectal cancer. MMP-7, MMP-9, MMP-13, TIMP-1, and beta-actin mRNA of cancer tissue and adjacent normal mucosa were measured by quantitative real-time, reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Expression levels of MMP-7, MMP-9, MMP-13 and TIMP-1 were higher in cancer tissue than in adjacent normal mucosa. On analysis of the relations between gene expression and clinicopathological factors, MMP-13 expression was found to correlate with liver metastasis. Moreover, MMP-13 expression levels were higher in tumour tissue with liver metastasis than in that without liver metastasis. It is concluded that MMP-13 gene expression is a useful predictor of liver metastasis in patients with CRC.
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[Modified FOLFIRI (l-LV, 5-fluorouracil and irinotecan) therapy for Japanese patients with metastatic colorectal cancer].
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
PUBLISHED: 07-22-2010
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As a project of the Kanagawa Colorectal Cancer Study Group, we performed this study to analyze the efficacy and the safety of modified FOLFIRI (irinotecan: 150 mg/m2) therapy for Japanese patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.
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A Phase II Study of S-1 Monotherapy as a First-line Combination Therapy of S-1 Plus Cisplatin as a Second-line Therapy, and Weekly Paclitaxel Monotherapy as a Third-line Therapy in Patients with Advanced Gastric Carcinoma: A Second Report.
Clin Med Insights Oncol
PUBLISHED: 03-24-2010
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We have previousy reported on a Phase II study of S-1 monotherapy as a first line, combination therapy of S-1 plus cisplatin as a second line, and weekly paclitaxel monotherapy as a third line therapy in patients with advanced gastric carcinomas. The median survival time (MST) of patients over the whole course of treatment was not previously calculated because 12 out of 19 patients had not yet succumbed. Since then, we have calculated the MST for this study and herein report our findings.
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Reduced expression of claudin-7 is associated with poor outcome in non-small cell lung cancer.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 03-02-2010
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Claudin-7 is a tight junction protein that plays an important role in tumorigenesis, tumor invasion and metastasis. We examined the clinical significance of claudin-7 expression in 75 postsurgical non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Claudin-7 expression was measured immunohistochemically and was found to be high in 25 patients (33.3%) and low in 50 (66.7%). Survival was significantly poorer in patients with claudin-7-low than in those with claudin-7-high NSCLCs (P=0.024). In particular, survival was significantly poorer in patients with claudin-7-low than in those with claudin-7-high squamous cell carcinomas (P=0.011). A reduced expression of claudin-7 was associated with poor outcome in NSCLCs. Claudin-7 may thus be a useful biomarker and a potential therapeutic target in patients with NSCLC.
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Gastric surgery is not a risk factor for erosive esophagitis or Barretts esophagus.
Scand. J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2010
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The role of gastric acid reflux is difficult to separate from that of pancreatic-biliary reflux in the pathogenesis of erosive esophagitis (EE) and Barretts esophagus (BE). Gastric surgery patients provide a good model for both significant pancreatic-biliary reflux and marked gastric acid inhibition. We assessed the risk of EE and BE after distal gastrectomy in a case-controlled study.
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Paraneoplastic neurological syndrome in a patient with gastric cancer.
Gastric Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2010
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Paraneoplastic neurological syndromes (PNSs) are a heterogeneous group of neurological disorders caused by immune-mediated mechanisms. The incidence of PNS is much less than 1% for solid tumors, except for small-cell lung cancer and thymoma. We report a rare case of gastric cancer that presented with primary clinical findings of PNS. The patient was a 63-year-old woman who was admitted for worsening neuropathy. Laboratory and neurological tests excluded a nutritional deficit, diabetes mellitus, and connective tissue disease as causes of her neuropathy. Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen, positron emission tomography (PET)-CT, and endoscopy of the stomach revealed gastric cancer with lymph node swelling. Distal gastrectomy was performed and pathological and immunohistochemical examinations indicated endocrine cell carcinoma. The gastrectomy stopped the exacerbation of her symptoms and recurrence was not observed, but the neurological disorders were irreversible. This case suggests that early diagnosis of the primary tumor is required to improve the outcome in patients with PNS.
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[Feasibility of S-1/CDDP therapy for outpatients with advanced gastric cancer].
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
PUBLISHED: 11-19-2009
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S-1/CDDP combination chemotherapy is conducted in many institutions, but most patients are hospitalized at the time of CDDP administration. We performed S-1/CDDP combination chemotherapy in 15 patients with advanced gastric cancer, and CDDP was administered in the outpatient department for 8 outpatients out of the 15 patients without renal failure or dysfunction. If outpatient chemotherapy can safely perform a regimen based on evidence, it brings about improvement in the QOL of the patient, and there are considerable advantages for economical care delivery. S-1/CDDP combination chemotherapy for outpatients was regarded as feasible with appropriate patient guidance.
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[A case of advanced gastric cancer successfully treated by combination therapy of S-1 and docetaxel].
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
PUBLISHED: 09-17-2009
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A 73-year-old man with gastric cancer of Borrmann type 3 accompanied with N3 was treated by combination therapy of S-1 and docetaxel (DOC). He received DOC intravenously at 45 mg/m/2 on day 1 and 15, and S-1 orally at 120 mg/body on day 1 to 7 and day 15 to 21. This treatment was repeated every 28 days as one course. After 4 courses of treatment, a CT scan revealed partial response of the lymph node metastases, and imaging modalities showed complete response of the primary lesion. The serum CEA value normalized after 4 courses of treatment. Toxicities included leukocytopenia (grade 3-4) and neutropenia (grade 3-4). Chemotherapy in the outpatient setting was possible by reduction of dose (DOC 45-->40-->35 mg/m2). Total gastrectomy was performed after 4 courses of treatment. The histological effect of primary lesion was judged to be Grade 2.
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[Effectiveness of S-1 plus CPT-11 therapy for an elderly patient with recurrent colon cancer].
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
PUBLISHED: 08-21-2009
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In May 2006, a 79-year-old man underwent left colectomy and D2 lymphadenectomy for descending colon cancer (fStage II , Cur A). No adjuvant chemotherapy was done. Eighteen months after surgery, the serum tumor marker level was increased (CA19-9 526 U/mL), and multiple liver metastases (H2) and peritoneal dissemination were detected using abdominal CT. He was treated with S-1 plus CPT-11 therapy, because mFOLFOX6 as a standard chemotherapy for advanced colorectal cancer was rejected. After 4 courses, tumor markers normalized and abdominal CT revealed a partial response. At present, progression-free survival (PFS) is 240 days. In our case, this regimen was found to be convenient and safe in an outpatient compared with FOLFIRI and FOLFOX. This case suggested that S-1 plus CPT-11 therapy could well be a promising systemic chemotherapy for patients with advanced colorectal cancer.
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Correlation between neurological dysfunction with vitamin E deficiency and gastrectomy.
J. Neurol. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 07-22-2009
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We previously reported on vitamin E malabsorption after gastrectomy. In this study, we focused on neurological dysfunction due to serum vitamin E decrease during the postgastrectomy period in lager number of patients.
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Reduced expression of the AdipoR1 gene is correlated with venous invasion in colorectal cancer.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2009
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Serum adiponectin concentrations are negatively correlated with body fat percentage and with the risk of colorectal cancer. However, few studies have examined the relationship between adiponectin receptor expression and colorectal cancer. We measured the expression levels of the AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 genes by quantitative real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction in 202 paired specimens of cancer tissue and adjacent normal mucosa obtained from patients with colorectal cancer. To evaluate the clinical significance of AdipoR1 and AdipoR2, correlations between the expression of these genes and clinicopathological features were examined. Both genes were expressed in colorectal cancer and in adjacent normal mucosa. The expression levels of the genes were significantly higher in cancer tissue than in normal mucosa (P<0.0001). Reduced expression of the AdipoR1 gene was correlated with venous invasion, but not with any other clinicopathological feature examined. Our findings suggest that reduced expression of the AdipoR1 gene may be a useful predictor of venous invasion.
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Overexpression of the fibroblast growth factor receptor-1 gene correlates with liver metastasis in colorectal cancer.
Oncol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2009
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Expression of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-1, FGF-2, fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR)-1, and FGFR-2 genes has been reported in various cancers and is associated with poor outcomes in patients with solid tumors. This study examined the relations between the relative expression of the FGF genes and clinicopathological factors, especially invasion and metastasis, in patients with colorectal cancer. We studied surgical specimens of cancer tissue and adjacent normal mucosa obtained from 202 patients with untreated colorectal carcinoma. The relative expression levels of FGF-1, FGF-2, FGFR-1, and FGFR-2 mRNA in cancer and in normal adjacent mucosa were measured by quantitative real-time, reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. The relative expression level of the FGFR-2 gene was higher in normal adjacent mucosa than in cancer, whereas the relative expression levels of the FGF-1, FGF-2, and FGFR-1 genes were similar. FGFR-1 gene expression levels were higher in the presence than in the absence of liver metastasis. An analysis of the relation between clinicopathological features and gene expression showed that overexpression of FGFR-1 correlated with liver metastasis. Our results suggested that overexpression of the FGFR-1 gene might lead to liver metastasis in colorectal cancer. Overexpression of the FGFR-1 gene may thus be a useful predictor of liver metastasis in patients with colorectal cancer.
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Chest wall resection and reconstruction using titanium micromesh covered with Marlex mesh for metastatic follicular thyroid carcinoma: a case report.
J Med Case Rep
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2009
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The distant metastases from differentiated thyroid carcinomas are often untreatable. In particular, bone metastasis is significantly related to poor prognosis since radioactive iodine therapy is generally less effective. Therefore, surgical resection is considered one of the treatments for patients with bone metastases. We report chest wall resection and reconstruction using titanium micromesh covered with polypropylene mesh (Marlex mesh) for metastatic rib bones as a result of follicular thyroid carcinoma.
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A randomized phase II trial of omentum-preserving gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer.
Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
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This randomized Phase II trial is being conducted to evaluate the impact of omentectomy for advanced gastric cancer on patient survival. The primary endpoint is the 3-year relapse-free survival rate and the secondary endpoints are 5-year overall survival, intraoperative blood loss, length of the operation and postoperative morbidity (especially postoperative ileus). The planned sample size is 250 patients (125 for complete removal of the omentum and 125 for preservation of the omentum) to determine whether omentum-preserving gastrectomy may be a candidate procedure for a Phase III trial in a randomized Phase II setting.
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Clinical significance of immunohistochemical expression of insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor and matrix metalloproteinase-7 in resected non-small cell lung cancer.
Exp Ther Med
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Insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) and matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) have been reported to be related to tumor invasion and metastasis in various malignancies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression levels of IGF-1R and MMP-7 in resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to examine the relationship of such levels to clinical characteristics and survival. Expression was measured immunohistochemically. The percentage of stained cells was multiplied by the staining intensity. The sample was classified as high when the score was equal or higher than the median value or was otherwise considered to be low. High IGF-1R expression was associated with nodal metastasis and recurrence (P=0.034 and 0.006, respectively). High IGF-1R expression was associated with significantly poorer overall survival than low IGF-1R expression (P=0.011). MMP-7 expression did not significantly correlate with any clinicopathological factor. There was a trend toward slightly, but not significantly poorer survival in patients with MMP-7-high tumors than in those with MMP-7-low tumors (P=0.220). There was no significant correlation between IGF-1R expression and MMP-7 expression (P=0.184). Upon multivariate analysis, IGF-1R expression was independently related to the outcomes of patients with NSCLC. Overexpression of IGF-1R may be a useful predictor of lymph node metastasis, recurrence and post-surgical outcomes in patients with NSCLC.
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Impact of body mass index and visceral adiposity on outcomes in colorectal cancer.
Asia Pac J Clin Oncol
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Obesity and visceral obesity are closely related to the development of colorectal cancer, as well as other metabolic complications. We investigated the prognostic significance of body mass index (BMI) and visceral obesity in 273 patients with resectable colorectal cancer.
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Comparison of the chemosensitivity of the primary lesion and a pancreatic metastasis of colon cancer: a case report.
Anticancer Res.
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Pancreatic metastasis from colorectal cancer is rare, and accounts for less than 2% of all pancreatic metastases. There have been no studies that have reported the differences in the sensitivity to chemotherapy between the primary lesion and the pancreatic metastasis in colorectal cancer. We experienced a rare example of pancreatic metastasis from colorectal cancer, and report here the difference in the sensitivity to the antitumor drug. A 68-year-old female underwent colectomy for rectal carcinoma with a mass in the pancreatic tail and the liver. The patient also underwent a distal pancreatectomy and a segmental liver resection at the same time. v-Ki-ras2 Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) and tumor protein 53 (TP53) gene mutation analyses, in addition to the histopathological examinations, revealed tumors of the liver and the pancreatic tail as being metastases from the primary carcinoma. We employed a collagen gel droplet-embedded culture drug sensitivity test for both the primary lesion and the pancreatic metastasis. The sensitivity to oxaliplatin and FOLFOX (5-flurouracil, folinic acid and oxaliplatin) were lower in the pancreatic metastasis compared to the primary lesion. In conclusion, pancreatic metastasis from colorectal malignancy is rare, and the present results suggest that there are potential differences in the sensitivity to chemotherapy between the primary colorectal tumor and its pancreatic metastasis.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.