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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Multiple roles of complement MASP-1 at the interface of innate immune response and coagulation.
Mol. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 05-16-2014
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MASP-1 is a versatile serine protease that cleaves a number of substrates in human blood. In recent years it became evident that besides playing a crucial role in complement activation MASP-1 also triggers other cascade systems and even cells to mount a more powerful innate immune response. In this review we summarize the latest discoveries about the diverse functions of this multi-faceted protease. Recent studies revealed that among MBL-associated serine proteases, MASP-1 is the one responsible for triggering the lectin pathway via its ability to rapidly autoactivate then cleave MASP-2, and possibly MASP-3. The crystal structure of MASP-1 explains its more relaxed substrate specificity compared to the related complement enzymes. Due to the relaxed specificity, MASP-1 interacts with the coagulation cascade and the kinin generating system, and it can also activate endothelial cells eliciting pro-inflammatory signaling.
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Hypofibrinolysis in type 2 diabetes: the role of the inflammatory pathway and complement C3.
Diabetologia
PUBLISHED: 04-29-2014
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Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) has been regarded as the main antifibrinolytic protein in diabetes, but recent work indicates that complement C3 (C3), an inflammatory protein, directly compromises fibrinolysis in type 1 diabetes. The aim of the current project was to investigate associations between C3 and fibrinolysis in a large cohort of individuals with type 2 diabetes.
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Factor XIII deficiency: an update.
Semin. Thromb. Hemost.
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2013
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Confirmation of suspected congenital factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency still represents a diagnostic challenge in the field of rare bleeding disorders. Because of the lack of awareness and difficulties associated with timing of blood sampling, FXIII laboratory assays, and interpretation of laboratory results, diagnoses of FXIII deficiency are still missed all over the world with potentially fatal consequences from severe bleeding complications. Better knowledge of FXIII biochemical properties and function and understanding of the principles and limitations of FXIII laboratory assays can prevent missed diagnoses, and patients will benefit from better care. This review gives a detailed overview and update about congenital FXIII deficiency, its epidemiology, and molecular genetics. It highlights the importance of newer specific FXIII assays and their principles to avoid any missed diagnosis of FXIII deficiency. This review also gives an update on the therapeutic options for patients suffering from this rare but life-threatening disease.
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Acquired factor XIII deficiency: a therapeutic challenge.
Thromb. Haemost.
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2013
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Less than 60 cases of acquired factor (F)XIII deficiencies have been reported, most having distinct clinical features. To illustrate the therapeutic challenges of acquired FXIII inhibitors, we report a case of a 65-year-old patient with no previous bleeding history who suddenly developed massive haemorrhages associated to a strong and isolated FXIII inhibitor. No underlying disorder has been detected till now after three years of follow-up. Despite aggressive treatment with prednisone, rituximab, cyclophosphamide, immunoglobulin, immunoadsorption and immune tolerance his inhibitor is still present, although at low titre and with a clinical benefit since the patient has no more bleed since more than one year. Moreover the patient had a venous thromboembolic complication. After a review of the management of acquired FXIII deficiency patients and based on the management of acquired haemophilia we discuss a possible strategy for such difficult cases.
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Sensitive and selective detection of free FXIII activation peptide: a potential marker of acute thrombotic events.
Blood
PUBLISHED: 04-07-2010
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Coagulation factor XIII (FXIII) stabilizes fibrin fibers and is therefore a major player in the maintenance of hemostasis. FXIII is activated by thrombin resulting in cleavage and release of the FXIII activation peptide (AP-FXIII). The objective of this study was to characterize the released AP-FXIII and determine specific features that may be used for its specific detection. We analyzed the structure of bound AP-FXIII within the FXIII A-subunit and interactions of AP-FXIII by hydrogen bonds with both FXIII A-subunit monomers. We optimized our previously developed AP-FXIII ELISA by using 2 monoclonal antibodies. We determined high binding affinities between the antibodies and free AP-FXIII and demonstrated specific binding by epitope mapping analyses with surface plasmon resonance and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Because the structure of free AP-FXIII had been characterized so far by molecular modeling only, we performed structural analysis by nuclear magnetic resonance. Recombinant AP-FXIII was largely flexible both in plasma and water, differing significantly from the rigid structure in the bound state. We suggest that the recognized epitope is either occluded in the noncleaved form or possesses a structure that does not allow binding to the antibodies. On the basis of our findings, we propose AP-FXIII as a possible new marker for acute thrombotic events.
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Identification of eight novel coagulation factor XIII subunit A mutations: implied consequences for structure and function.
Haematologica
PUBLISHED: 02-23-2010
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Severe hereditary coagulation factor XIII deficiency is a rare homozygous bleeding disorder affecting one person in every two million individuals. In contrast, heterozygous factor XIII deficiency is more common, but usually not associated with severe hemorrhage such as intracranial bleeding or hemarthrosis. In most cases, the disease is caused by F13A gene mutations. Causative mutations associated with the F13B gene are rarer.
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Coagulation factor XIII activation peptide and subunit levels in patients with acute ischaemic stroke: a pilot study.
Thromb. Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2010
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We have recently shown that FXIII activation peptide (AP-FXIII) can be measured in plasma. The objective of this pilot study was to investigate for the first time if AP-FXIII can be detected in plasma from patients with acute ischaemic stroke.
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Role of proteomic technologies in understanding risk of arterial thrombosis.
Expert Rev Proteomics
PUBLISHED: 10-09-2009
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Arterial thrombosis is a pivotal event in the development of cardiovascular diseases. Plasma and cellular proteins have the potential to influence thrombus morphology and function. This review summarizes the latest studies to use proteomic technologies to characterize the cellular and plasma components involved in arterial thrombosis, with a view to understanding the pathogenesis and treatment of acute cardiovascular diseases. Proteomic approaches have been extensively used to profile the proteome of endothelial cells, leukocytes, vascular smooth muscle cells, platelets and plasma in the search for risk factors for cardiovascular disease; however, further work is required to validate the direct contribution of these proteins to arterial thrombosis.
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Effects of MASP-1 of the complement system on activation of coagulation factors and plasma clot formation.
PLoS ONE
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Numerous interactions between the coagulation and complement systems have been shown. Recently, links between coagulation and mannan-binding lectin-associated serine protease-1 (MASP-1) of the complement lectin pathway have been proposed. Our aim was to investigate MASP-1 activation of factor XIII (FXIII), fibrinogen, prothrombin, and thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) in plasma-based systems, and to analyse effects of MASP-1 on plasma clot formation, structure and lysis.
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Complement C3 is a novel plasma clot component with anti-fibrinolytic properties.
Diab Vasc Dis Res
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Increased plasma clot density and prolonged lysis times are associated with cardiovascular disease. In this study, we employed a functional proteomics approach to identify novel clot components which may influence clot phenotypes.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.