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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Kidney involvement in systemic sclerosis.
Presse Med
PUBLISHED: 08-28-2014
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Kidney involvement in systemic sclerosis (SSc) is primarily manifested by scleroderma renal crisis (SRC). Formerly, it was the most severe complication in scleroderma and was the most frequent cause of death in these patients. More than 30years ago, with the development of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, SRC became a very treatable complication of scleroderma. Although there are still many patients who do not survive and have poor outcomes, early diagnosis of renal crisis and prompt therapeutic intervention can achieve excellent outcomes. Renal abnormalities independent of renal crisis have been noted, but can usually be attributed to other problems. Further understanding of the pathogenesis of renal disease in scleroderma may lead to additional improvement in the therapy of renal crisis and perhaps the disease in general. This chapter reviews the pathogenesis, clinical setting, and therapy of this serious complication of SSc.
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The use of an elevated aldolase in diagnosing and managing eosinophilic fasciitis.
Clin. Rheumatol.
PUBLISHED: 06-09-2014
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Eosinophilic fasciitis (EF) is a rare localized fibrosing disorder of the fascia whose diagnosis is often suspected based on clinical findings and laboratory values. These lab abnormalities can be transient in early disease and may not always be present. We have reviewed a case series of patients to assess the utility of the various laboratory abnormalities in diagnosing EF. We performed a retrospective review of EF patients seen at Georgetown University Hospital in the Division of Rheumatology during 2009 and 2013. This review included 15 adult patients with EF with a mean age at diagnosis of 45 years (range 18 to 77 years). The majority of patients 13/15 had classic skin thickening documented on all four extremities Only eight patients had peripheral eosinophilia ranging between 8 and 38 %. In these patients, the peripheral eosinophilia was an early but transient finding. Inflammatory markers including the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was elevated in 5/14 and C-reactive Protein (CRP) was elevated in 7/11. At disease presentation, only one of eleven patients checked had an elevated creatine phosphokinase (CPK). Aldolase levels were available for 12 of the 15 patients, and they were increased in 11 out of 12 patients. We have found that in this case series, aldolase was more likely to be abnormal than peripheral eosinophilia, hypergammaglobulinemia, and ESR particularly after starting treatment. Aldolase should be measured in all patients suspected of having EF, and may also play a useful role in following disease activity.
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Multicriteria decision analysis methods with 1000Minds for developing systemic sclerosis classification criteria.
J Clin Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2014
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Classification criteria for systemic sclerosis (SSc) are being developed. The objectives were to develop an instrument for collating case data and evaluate its sensibility; use forced-choice methods to reduce and weight criteria; and explore agreement among experts on the probability that cases were classified as SSc.
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Immunochip analysis identifies multiple susceptibility loci for systemic sclerosis.
Am. J. Hum. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2014
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In this study, 1,833 systemic sclerosis (SSc) cases and 3,466 controls were genotyped with the Immunochip array. Classical alleles, amino acid residues, and SNPs across the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region were imputed and tested. These analyses resulted in a model composed of six polymorphic amino acid positions and seven SNPs that explained the observed significant associations in the region. In addition, a replication step comprising 4,017 SSc cases and 5,935 controls was carried out for several selected non-HLA variants, reaching a total of 5,850 cases and 9,401 controls of European ancestry. Following this strategy, we identified and validated three SSc risk loci, including DNASE1L3 at 3p14, the SCHIP1-IL12A locus at 3q25, and ATG5 at 6q21, as well as a suggested association of the TREH-DDX6 locus at 11q23. The associations of several previously reported SSc risk loci were validated and further refined, and the observed peak of association in PXK was related to DNASE1L3. Our study has increased the number of known genetic associations with SSc, provided further insight into the pleiotropic effects of shared autoimmune risk factors, and highlighted the power of dense mapping for detecting previously overlooked susceptibility loci.
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Consensus opinion of a North American Working Group regarding the classification of digital ulcers in systemic sclerosis.
Clin. Rheumatol.
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2013
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The objectives of this study were to develop a standard classification of digital ulcers (DUs) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) for use in observational or therapeutic studies and to assess the reliability of these definitions as well as of the measurement of ulcer area. Ten North American rheumatologists with expertise in SSc reviewed multiple photos of DUs, examined four SSc subjects with DUs, and came to a consensus on the definitions for digital, active, healed, and indeterminate ulcers. These ten raters then examined the right hand of ten SSc subjects twice and the left hand once to classify ulcers and to measure ulcer area. Weighted and Fleiss kappa were used to calculate intra- and interrater agreement on classification of ulcers, and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to assess agreement on ulcer area. Because the traditional ICC calculations relied on a small number of ulcers, ICCs were recalculated using the results of linear mixed models to evaluate the variance components of observations on all the data. Intrarater kappa for classifying DU as not an ulcer/healed ulcer versus active/indeterminate ulcer was substantial (0.76), and interrater kappa was moderate (0.53). The ICC for ulcer area using the linear mixed models was moderate both for intrarater (0.57) and interrater (0.48) measurements. A consensus for the classification of DUs in SSc was developed, and after a training session, rheumatologists with expertise in SSc are able to reliably classify DUs and to measure ulcer area.
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Combination of echocardiographic and pulmonary function test measures improves sensitivity for diagnosis of systemic sclerosis-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension: analysis of 2 cohorts.
J. Rheumatol.
PUBLISHED: 08-15-2013
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To evaluate routinely collected non-invasive tests from 2 systemic sclerosis (SSc) cohorts to determine their predictive value alone and in combination versus right heart catheterization (RHC)-confirmed pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).
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Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Brazilian version of the Scleroderma Health Assessment Questionnaire (SHAQ).
Clin. Rheumatol.
PUBLISHED: 08-09-2013
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The Scleroderma Health Assessment Questionnaire (SHAQ) is a feasible multisystem specific tool that has been extensively used as an additional assessment for systemic sclerosis (SSc). The aim of this study is to cross-culturally adapt and validate the Brazilian version of the SHAQ. Construct validity was assessed based on the correlations between SHAQ and both the Medical Outcomes Survey Short Form 36 version 2 (SF-36v2™) and the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI). The correlation between the SHAQ and disease severity was assessed by Spearmans correlation coefficient. The reproducibility of the SHAQ was evaluated by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Among the 151 consecutive outpatients evaluated, 59 % had limited SSc subtype. The overall disease severity visual analog scale (VAS) of the SHAQ was statistically significantly correlated to HAQ-DI, pain VAS, and the SF-36v2™ physical component summary score (r?=?0.595, r?=?0.612, and r?=?-0.582, respectively; p?
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Dyspnea assessment and pulmonary hypertension in patients with systemic sclerosis: utility of the University of California, San Diego, Shortness of Breath Questionnaire.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken)
PUBLISHED: 04-19-2013
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The University of California in San Diego Shortness of Breath Questionnaire (UCSD SOBQ) has been used to assess dyspnea-related activity limitation in patients with airway and parenchymal lung disease. We sought to assess the construct validity and responsiveness of the UCSD SOBQ in systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma) patients with incident pulmonary hypertension (PH) and those at high risk of developing PH.
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Treatment of early diffuse systemic sclerosis skin disease.
Clin. Exp. Rheumatol.
PUBLISHED: 03-05-2013
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Diffuse systemic sclerosis carries a high morbidity and mortality. The Prospective Registry of Early Systemic Sclerosis (PRESS), a multicentre incident cohort study of patients with early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis, has the goal of advancing the understanding of disease pathogenesis and identifying novel biomarkers. In this review, PRESS investigators discuss the evidence pertaining to the more commonly used treatments for early diffuse SSc skin disease including methotrexate, mycophenolate, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, and intravenous immunoglobulin. This review highlights the unmet need for effective treatment in early diffuse SSc as well as its more rigorous study. Nonetheless, the PRESS investigators aim to decrease intra- and inter-institutional variability in prescribing in order to improve the understanding of the clinical course of early diffuse SSc skin disease.
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Recognition of pulmonary hypertension in the rheumatology community: lessons from a Quality Enhancement Research Initiative.
Clin. Exp. Rheumatol.
PUBLISHED: 03-01-2013
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The aim of this study was to utilise the Quality Enhancement Research Initiative in Systemic Sclerosis (QuERI-SSc) to measure and reduce a perceived gap in the diagnosis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc).
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Registries in systemic sclerosis: a worldwide experience.
Rheumatology (Oxford)
PUBLISHED: 09-13-2011
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SSc is a multisystem disease characterized by an unpredictable course, high mortality and resistance to therapy. The complexity and severity of SSc is a growing burden on the health-care systems. As a result, researchers are seeking new therapeutic strategies for effectively managing these patients. Disease registries are used to support care management efforts for groups of patients with chronic diseases and are meaningful to capture and track key patient information to assist the physicians in managing patients. For these reasons, SSc surveys, research associations and consortiums are pivotal to conduct ongoing research and data collection to enhance disease knowledge and support research projects. Currently, there are several national SSc registries in the UK, Germany, USA, Canada, Brazil and Australia. There is also an international registry established by the European League Against Rheumatism scleroderma trial and research (EUSTAR) called minimal essential data set (MEDS) Online, which collects data from over 8000 patients from 92 centres worldwide, including 21 European centres and 9 centres outside Europe. By collecting, analysing and disseminating data on disease progression and patient responses to long-term disease management strategies, registries help to improve understanding of the disease and keep medical professionals up to date on the latest advances.
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Pulmonary Hypertension Assessment and Recognition of Outcomes in Scleroderma (PHAROS): baseline characteristics and description of study population.
J. Rheumatol.
PUBLISHED: 08-15-2011
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Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) increases mortality in systemic sclerosis (SSc). The multicenter PHAROS registry (Pulmonary Hypertension Assessment and Recognition of Outcomes in Scleroderma) prospectively follows subjects with SSc at high risk for or with incident pulmonary hypertension (PH). We describe the registry design and baseline characteristics of subjects enrolled during the first 18 months since the start of the study.
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Clinical course of lung physiology in patients with scleroderma and interstitial lung disease: analysis of the Scleroderma Lung Study Placebo Group.
Arthritis Rheum.
PUBLISHED: 05-28-2011
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Patients with systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD) are thought to have the greatest decline in lung function (forced vital capacity [FVC]% predicted) in the early years after disease onset. The aim of this study was to assess the natural history of the decline in FVC% predicted in patients receiving placebo in the Scleroderma Lung Study and to evaluate possible factors for cohort enrichment in future therapeutic trials.
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Comparison of indirect immunofluorescence and multiplex antinuclear antibody screening in systemic sclerosis.
Clin. Rheumatol.
PUBLISHED: 02-19-2011
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Indirect immunofluorescence antinuclear antibodies (IIF-ANA) are detected in approximately 90% of scleroderma patients, and the staining pattern correlates with scleroderma-specific antibody subsets. Solid-phase ANA assays that are dependent on multiplex bead technology (MULTIPLEX-ANA) are replacing immunofluorescence in many commercial labs; however, performance of these assays has not been compared to IIF-ANA in scleroderma. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether a proportion of scleroderma patients have negative testing on MULTIPLEX-ANA assays and demonstrate whether negative MULTIPLEX-ANA is associated with particular scleroderma-specific autoantibodies. A retrospective chart review was completed on all 238 scleroderma patients evaluated in the Georgetown scleroderma clinic between June 1, 2008 and May 31, 2009. Autoantibody results, demographics, and scleroderma features were collected. Data were analyzed using unpaired t test and Mann-Whitney U test for continuous variables, and Fishers exact test for dichotomous variables. Simple kappa coefficient was used to measure the level of agreement between MULTIPLEX-ANA and IIF-ANA results. Two-tailed p values <0.05 were considered significant. MULTIPLEX-ANA testing was available in 57 patients and only 29 (51%) tested positive. In contrast, IIF-ANA was positive in 91% of these patients. Using simple kappa coefficient, there was a good agreement between the MULTIPLEX-ANA, and presence of Scl70, RNP, and centromere antibodies (0.76; 95% CI 0.59, 0.92), but there was no agreement between MULTIPLEX-ANA and presence of other IIF-ANA patterns including nucleolar ANA (-0.40; 95% CI -0.64, -0.16). Because RNA polymerase III and nucleolar antibodies are seen in 43% of the entire scleroderma population, we are concerned that these false-negative tests could result in delays in referral and diagnosis. Until the MULTIPLEX-ANA assays can be modified to include the antigens for RNA polymerase III and the nucleolar ANA subsets, IIF-ANA remains the recommended screening test for ANA in suspected scleroderma.
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Quality indicator set for systemic sclerosis.
Clin. Exp. Rheumatol.
PUBLISHED: 01-26-2011
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Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is associated with a marked economic burden, high treatment costs and decreased productivity. Although treatment strategies for SSc can have a substantial effect on patients outcomes, it is not known whether patients with SSc consistently receive such care. Evaluation of process-of-care quality requires specification of quality indicators (QIs), clinically detailed statements of the eligible patients and the care they should receive to achieve a minimal level of quality of care. Our objective was to develop QIs for patients with SSc.
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Course of dermal ulcers and musculoskeletal involvement in systemic sclerosis patients in the scleroderma lung study.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken)
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2010
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To evaluate changes in vascular and musculoskeletal involvement in subjects in the Scleroderma Lung Study, a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial comparing placebo treatment with oral cyclophosphamide (CYC) for 1 year in systemic sclerosis patients with interstitial lung disease. Subjects were then followed off the study agent for an additional 12 months.
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Renal manifestations in scleroderma: evidence for subclinical renal disease as a marker of vasculopathy.
Int J Rheumatol
PUBLISHED: 05-14-2010
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Scleroderma is a disease characterized by immune activation, vasculopathy, fibroblast stimulation, and connective tissue fibrosis. End-organ damage occurs due to progressive tissue fibrosis and vasculopathy. Markers of incipient vasculopathy have not been well studied in scleroderma. However, reduced renal functional reserve and proteinuria are common indicators of progressive vasculopathy in diabetic and hypertensive vasculopathy. Recent studies suggest a strong association between renal involvement and outcomes in scleroderma, with a threefold increased risk of mortality from pulmonary hypertension if renal insufficiency is present. We review the types of renal involvement seen in scleroderma and the data to support the use of renal parameters including proteinuria, glomerular filtration rate, and renal vascular dynamics measured with Doppler ultrasound to identify subclinical renal insufficiency. Further studies are warranted to investigate the use of renal parameters as prognostic indicators in scleroderma.
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Lower extremity ulcers in systemic sclerosis: features and response to therapy.
Int J Rheumatol
PUBLISHED: 04-15-2010
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Nondigital lower extremity ulcers are a difficult to treat complication of scleroderma, and a significant cause of morbidity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of nondigital lower extremity ulcers in scleroderma and describe the associations with autoantibodies and genetic prothrombotic states. A cohort of 249 consecutive scleroderma patients seen in the Georgetown University Hosptial Division of Rheumatology was evaluated, 10 of whom had active ulcers, giving a prevalence of 4.0%. Patients with diffuse scleroderma had shorter disease duration at the time of ulcer development (mean 4.05 years ± 0.05) compared to those with limited disease (mean 22.83 years ± 5.612, P value .0078). Ulcers were bilateral in 70%. In the 10 patients with ulcers, antiphospholipid antibodies were positive in 50%, and genetic prothrombotic screen was positive in 70% which is higher than expected based on prevalence reports from the general scleroderma population. Of patients with biopsy specimens available (n = 5), fibrin occlusive vasculopathy was seen in 100%, and all of these patients had either positive antiphospholipid antibody screen, or positive genetic prothrombotic profile. We recommend screening scleroderma patients with lower extremity ulcers for the presence of anti-phospholipid antibodies and genetic prothrombotic states.
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Acute kidney injury in patients with systemic sclerosis participating in hematopoietic cell transplantation trials in the United States.
Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2010
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Recipients of hematopoietic cell transplantation may be at risk for developing acute kidney injury (AKI), and this risk may be increased in patients who undergo transplantation for severe systemic sclerosis (SSc) due to underlying scleroderma renal disease. AKI after transplantation can increase treatment-related mortality. To better define these risks, we analyzed 91 patients with SSc who were enrolled in 3 clinical trials in the United States of autologous or allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Eleven (12%) of the 91 patients with SSc in these studies (8 undergoing autologous HCT, 1 undergoing allogeneic HCT, 1 pretransplantation, 1 given i.v. cyclophosphamide on a transplantation trial) experienced AKI, of whom 8 required dialysis and/or therapeutic plasma exchange. AKI injury in the 9 HCT recipients developed a median of 35 days (range, 0-90 days) after transplantation. Ten of 11 patients with AKI received angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) therapy. The etiology of AKI was attributed to scleroderma renal crisis in 6 patients (including 2 with normotensive renal crisis), to AKI of uncertain etiology in 2 patients, and to AKI superimposed on scleroderma kidney disease in 3 patients. Eight of the 11 patients died, one each because of progression of SSc, multiorgan failure, gastrointestinal and pulmonary bleeding, pericardial tamponade and pulmonary complications, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, pulmonary embolism, graft-versus-host disease, and malignancy. Limiting nephrotoxins, cautious use of corticosteroids, renal shielding during total body irradiation, strict control of blood pressure, and aggressive use of ACE-Is may be of importance in preventing renal complications after HCT for SSc.
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Gastric antral vascular ectasia in systemic sclerosis: demographics and disease predictors.
J. Rheumatol.
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2010
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To evaluate patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) who have gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE), to further characterize this disease association, and to identify factors that may predict which patients with SSc are at greatest risk for the development of GAVE.
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Voriconazole-associated myositis.
J Clin Rheumatol
PUBLISHED: 12-17-2009
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Voriconazole is a new triazole antifungal agent that is now the treatment of choice for invasive aspergillosis. Drug-induced myopathy has never previously been reported with voriconazole, although it is recognized with other triazole agents. We present a 34-year-old female African American renal transplant recipient, with a prior history of probable statin-induced myopathy, who developed severe generalized weakness with marked elevation of muscle enzymes and inflammatory changes on T2-weighted fat-suppressed STIR sequence magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after commencing voriconazole for treatment of invasive aspergillosis. Her symptoms resolved and creatine kinase normalized upon stopping the drug.Given the increased use of triazoles in immunosuppressed and transplant recipients, it is important for rheumatology consultants to include this entity in their differential diagnosis of weakness in such patients.
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Measures of response in clinical trials of systemic sclerosis: the Combined Response Index for Systemic Sclerosis (CRISS) and Outcome Measures in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension related to Systemic Sclerosis (EPOSS).
J. Rheumatol.
PUBLISHED: 10-13-2009
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There have been steady efforts to develop a combined response index for systemic sclerosis (CRISS). A parallel and equally successful effort has been made by an Expert Panel on Outcome Measures in PAH related to Systemic Sclerosis (EPOSS) to measure effect in treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension of systemic sclerosis (PAH-SSc). CRISS conducted a Delphi process combined with expert review to identify 11 candidate domains for inclusion in a core set of outcomes for SSc clinical trials: soluble biomarkers, cardiac, digital ulcers, gastrointestinal, global health, health related quality of life (HRQOL) and function, musculoskeletal, pulmonary, Raynauds, renal, and skin. Tools within domains were also agreed upon. Concentrating on one aspect of disease, PAH, EPOSS also conducted a Delphi process and judged the following domains as the most appropriate for randomized controlled trials in PAH-SSc: lung vascular/pulmonary arterial pressure, cardiac function, exercise testing; severity of dyspnea, discontinuation of treatment; quality of life/activities of daily living; global state; and survival. Possible useful tools within each domain were also agreed on. Patient derived, physician derived, and objective measures of response will be included and combined with the idea that each reflects different aspects of PAH (EPOSS) and overall disease (CRISS) although this assumption may not prove true and can be separated if statistically and clinically valid to do so. In either case, prospective studies will require measurement of all domains, and tools are required and will be developed to define appropriate combined measures of response. CRISS and EPOSS are being developed through the OMERACT process. Through Delphi process and literature review significant progress has been made for both indices, and prospective data are being collected.
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Recombinant human relaxin in the treatment of systemic sclerosis with diffuse cutaneous involvement: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
Arthritis Rheum.
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2009
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A phase II randomized controlled trial of recombinant human relaxin suggested that a dosage of 25 microg/kg/day was safe and clinically effective in improving skin disease and reducing functional disability in scleroderma (systemic sclerosis; SSc). We undertook a large randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to compare placebo with 10 microg/kg/day and 25 microg/kg/day recombinant human relaxin, given for 24 weeks in patients with stable, diffuse, moderate-to-severe SSc.
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MQX-503, a novel formulation of nitroglycerin, improves the severity of Raynauds phenomenon: a randomized, controlled trial.
Arthritis Rheum.
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2009
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Raynauds phenomenon (RP) affects 3-9% of the general population and >90% of patients with systemic sclerosis. Nitrates are often prescribed for the treatment of RP, but currently available formulations are limited by side effects, particularly headaches, dizziness, and skin irritation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the tolerability and efficacy of a novel formulation of topical nitroglycerin, MQX-503, in the treatment of RP in an ambulatory setting.
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Renal disease in scleroderma: an update on evaluation, risk stratification, pathogenesis and management.
Curr Opin Rheumatol
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Renal disease remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in scleroderma. The spectrum of renal complications in systemic sclerosis includes scleroderma renal crisis (SRC), normotensive renal crisis, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies-associated glomerulonephritis, penacillamine-associated renal disease, and reduced renal functional reserves manifested by proteinuria, microalbuminuria, or isolated reduction in glomerular filtration rate. The purpose of this review is to provide a concise and up-to-date review of the evaluation, risk stratification, pathogenesis, and management of scleroderma-associated renal disease.
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A clinical and serologic comparison of African American and Caucasian patients with systemic sclerosis.
Arthritis Rheum.
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Epidemiology studies suggest that systemic sclerosis (SSc) is more common, occurs at a younger age, and is more severe in African Americans than Caucasians. However, the scleroderma autoantibody profile is very different between these 2 ethnic groups. This study was undertaken to examine the demographic and disease features, frequency and severity of internal organ system involvement, and survival in African American patients compared to Caucasian patients with SSc, giving particular attention to their serum autoantibody profiles.
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Baseline characteristics and follow-up in patients with normal haemodynamics versus borderline mean pulmonary arterial pressure in systemic sclerosis: results from the PHAROS registry.
Ann. Rheum. Dis.
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Patients with normal (mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) ?20 mm Hg) and borderline mean pulmonary pressures (21-24 mm Hg) are "at risk" of developing pulmonary hypertension (PH). The objectives of this analysis were to examine the baseline characteristics in systemic sclerosis (SSc) with normal and borderline mPAP and to explore long-term outcomes in SSc patients with borderline mPAP versus normal haemodynamics.
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Survival and predictors of mortality in systemic sclerosis associated pulmonary arterial hypertension: Outcomes from the PHAROS registry.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken)
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Objective: We sought to assess cumulative survival rates and identify independent predictors of mortality in patients with incident systemic sclerosis-pulmonary arterial hypertension (SSc-PAH) who have undergone routine screening for PAH at US SSc centers. Methods: Pulmonary Hypertension Assessment and Recognition of Outcomes in Scleroderma (PHAROS) is a prospective registry of SSc patients at high risk for PAH or with definite PH diagnosed by right heart catheterization (RHC) within 6 months of enrollment. Only patients with World Health Organization Group I PAH (mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP)?25 mmHg and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure?15 mmHg without significant interstitial lung disease) were included in these analyses. Results: 131 SSc patients with incident PAH were followed for a mean of 2.0±1.4 years. 1-, 2-, and 3-year cumulative survival was 93%, 88%, and 75%. On multivariate analysis, age>60 (HR 3.0, 95%CI 1.1-8.4), male gender (HR 3.9, 95%CI 1.1-13.9), functional class (FC) IV (HR 6.5, 95%CI 1.8-22.8) and diffusing capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO)<39% predicted (HR 4.2, 95%CI 1.3-13.8) were significant predictors of mortality. Conclusions: This is the largest study describing survival in incident SSc-PAH patients followed at multiple US SSc centers who perform routine screening for PAH. Survival rates were better than those reported in other recently described SSc-PAH cohorts. Severely reduced DLCO and FC IV status at the time of PAH diagnosis portend a poor prognosis in these patients. © 2013 American College of Rheumatology.
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