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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Asymmetric Hetero-Diels-Alder Reaction of Diazenes Catalyzed by Chiral Silver Phosphate: Water Participates in the Catalysis and Stereocontrol.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 11-20-2014
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The chiral silver phosphate was confirmed to efficiently catalyze a highly regio- and enantioselective hetero-Diels-Alder reaction of diazenes to furnish piperazine derivatives in high yields and excellent ee values. DFT calculations revealed that the water molecule participates in the catalysis by coordination to silver phosphate and also found that the hydroxy group of 1-hydroxy-2,3-hexadiene not only formed a hydrogen bond with the oxygen of phosphate but also coordinated to the Ag(I) to simultaneously stabilize the transition states and control the regioselectivity.
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Revealing an unusual transparent phase of superhard iron tetraboride under high pressure.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
PUBLISHED: 11-19-2014
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First principles-based electronic structure calculations of superhard iron tetraboride (FeB4) under high pressure have been undertaken in this study. Starting with a "conventional" superconducting phase of this material under high pressure leads to an unexpected phase transition toward a semiconducting one. This transition occurred at 53.7 GPa, and this pressure acts as a demarcation between two distinct crystal symmetries, metallic orthorhombic and semiconducting tetragonal phases, with Pnnm and I41/acd space groups, respectively. In this work, the electron-phonon coupling-derived superconducting Tc has been determined up to 60 GPa and along with optical band gap variation with increasing pressure up to 300 GPa. The dynamic stability has been confirmed by phonon dispersion calculations throughout this study.
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Greater Loss of White Matter Integrity in Postural Instability and Gait Difficulty Subtype of Parkinson's Disease.
Can J Neurol Sci
PUBLISHED: 11-08-2014
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ABSTRACT Background: Patients with the postural instability and gait difficulty (PIGD) subtype of Parkinson disease (PD) are at a higher risk of dysfunction and are less responsive to dopamine replacement therapy. The PIGD subtype was found to largely associate with white matter lesions, but details of the diffusion changes within these lesions have not been fully investigated. Voxel-based analysis for diffusion tensor imaging data is one of the preferred measures to compare diffusion changes in each voxel in any part of the brain. Methods: PD patients with the PIGD (n=12) and non-PIGD subtypes (n=12) were recruited to compare diffusion differences in fractional anisotropy, axial diffusivity, and radial diffusivity with voxel-based analysis. Results: Significantly reduced fractional anisotropy in bilateral superior longitudinal fasciculus, bilateral anterior corona radiata, and the left genu of the corpus callosum were shown in the PIGD subtype compared with the non-PIGD subtype. Increased radial diffusivity in the left superior longitudinal fasciculus was found in the PIGD subtype with no statistical differences in axial diffusivity found. Conclusions: Our study confirms previous findings that white matter abnormalities were greater in the PIGD subtype than in the non-PIGD subtype. Additionally, our findings suggested: (1) compared with the non-PIGD subtype, loss of white matter integrity was greater in the PIGD subtype; (2) bilateral superior longitudinal fasciculus may play a critical role in microstructural white matter abnormalities in the PIGD subtype; and (3) reduced white matter integrity in the PIGD subtype could be mainly attributed to demyelination rather than axonal loss.
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[Club-based drug use and its associated risk factors among HIV-positive methadone maintenance treatment clients].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-08-2014
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To describe club-based drug use and to explore the determinants on those HIV-positive methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clients.
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In Situ Modulation of Cell Behavior via Smart Dual-Ligand Surfaces.
Langmuir
PUBLISHED: 11-06-2014
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Due to the highly complex nature of the extracellular matrix (ECM), the design and implementation of dynamic, stimuli-responsive surfaces that present well-defined ligands and serve as model ECM substrates have been of tremendous interest to biomaterials, biosensor, and cell biology communities. Such tools provide strategies for identifying specific ligand-receptor interactions that induce vital biological consequences. Herein, we report a novel dual-ligand-presenting surface methodology that modulates dynamic ECM properties to investigate various cell behaviors. Peptides PHSRN, cRGD, and KKKTTK, which mimic the cell- and heparan sulfate-binding domains of fibronectin, and carbohydrates Gal and Man were combined with cell adhesive RGD to survey possible synergistic or antagonist ligand effects on cell adhesion, spreading, growth, and migration. Soluble molecule and enzymatic inhibition assays were also performed, and the levels of focal adhesion kinase in cells subjected to different ligand combinations were quantified. A redox-responsive trigger was incorporated into this surface strategy to spontaneously release ligands in the presence of adhered cells, and cell spreading, growth, and migration responses were measured and compared. The identity and nature of the dual-ligand combination directly influenced cell behavior.
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[CCL2/CCR2 signaling activation contributes to tooth movement pain].
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-30-2014
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To test the hypothesis that the CCL2/CCR2 signaling pathway plays an important role in pain induced by experimental tooth movement.
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Prediction of silicon-based layered structures for optoelectronic applications.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
PUBLISHED: 10-29-2014
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A method based on the particle swarm optimization algorithm is presented to design quasi-two-dimensional materials. With this development, various single-layer and bilayer materials of C, Si, Ge, Sn, and Pb were predicted. A new Si bilayer structure is found to have a more favored energy than the previously widely accepted configuration. Both single-layer and bilayer Si materials have small band gaps, limiting their usages in optoelectronic applications. Hydrogenation has therefore been used to tune the electronic and optical properties of Si layers. We discover two hydrogenated materials of layered Si8H2 and Si6H2 possessing quasidirect band gaps of 0.75 and 1.59 eV, respectively. Their potential applications for light-emitting diode and photovoltaics are proposed and discussed. Our study opened up the possibility of hydrogenated Si layered materials as next-generation optoelectronic devices.
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[Establishment of archives of Schistosoma japonicum antibody indirect hemagglutination tests].
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-28-2014
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To establish written and electronic archives of Schistosoma japonicum antibody indirect hemagglutination (IHA) tests.
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[Design and appliation of a kind of bone age automatic analysis and assessment device].
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-22-2014
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The device of a bone age film of analysis and process was designed, can calculate the expected patient's height and identify growth level and development.
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Reduced tumorigenicity and drug resistance through the downregulation of octamer-binding protein 4 and Nanog transcriptional factor expression in human breast stem cells.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 10-20-2014
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Breast cancer is the most common type of malignancy among females. Previous studies examining breast cancer tissue have demonstrated the presence of stem cells, and have detected octamer?binding protein 4 (Oct4) and Nanog transcription factor expression. In the present study, breast cancer stem cells (CSCs) were isolated and enriched from MDA?MB?231 breast cancer cell lines, and were defined as MDA?MB?231 stem cells using flow cytometry. The expression of Oct4 and Nanog in breast CSCs were detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. RNA interference (RNAi) was used in order to downregulate the expression of Oct4 and Nanog. Drug resistance and tumor?initiating capability following in vivo injection of MDA?MB?231 stem cells trans-duced with negative RNAi, Oct4 RNAi and Nanog RNAi were compared with that of MDA?MB?231 stem cells without siRNA transfection as a control group. In addition the capability of MDA?MB?231 breast cancer cells to initiate tumor formation in mice was compared with that of MDA?MB?231 stem cells. A paclitaxel inhibition test was also conducted in order to detect resistance of MDA?MB?231 breast cancer stem cells to this treatment. The MDA?MB?231 stem cells were revealed to exhibit elevated percentages of the cluster of differentiation (CD)44+CD24?/low subset, high tumorigenicity and resistance to chemotherapy, all of which are characteristic stem cell properties. In addition, the MDA?MB?231 stem cells were more tumorigenic in vivo. Furthermore, the breast CSCs also expressed high levels of the Oct4 and Nanog transcription factors. Therefore, downregulation of Oct4 or Nanog expression may reduce chemotherapeutic drug resistance and tumorigenicity in breast CSCs. In conclusion, Oct4 and Nanog expression may be a key factor in the development of resistance to chemotherapy and tumor growth of breast CSCs. This finding indicates that Oct4 or Nanog?targeted therapy may be a promising means of overcoming resistance to chemotherapy and inhibiting tumor growth in breast cancer treatment.
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[Phenolic constituents from Oplopanax horridus].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-07-2014
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The chemical constituents were isolated and purified by various chromatographic techniques indluding silica gel, reverse phase silica gel, sephadex LH-20 and pre-HPLC and identified by their physicochemical properties and spectral data. Sixteen phenolic compounds had been isolated and n-butanol extracts which were fractionated from the ethanol extract of Oplopanax horridus roots bark. Their structures were identified as below, including 7 phenylpropanoid compounds, ferulic acid (1), 3-acetylcaffeic acid (2), caffeic acid (3), homovanillyl alcohol 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (4), 3-hydroxyphenethyl alcohol 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (5), 3, 5-dimethoxycinnamyl alcohol 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (6), and 3-dimethoxycinnamyl alcohol 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (7). Three coumarins, scopoletin (8), esculetin (9) and 3'-angeloyl-4'-acetyl-cis-knellactone (10). And 6 lignan compounds, (+)-isolaricires-inol-9'-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (11), 3, 3'-dimethoxy-4, 9, 9'-trihydroxy-4', 7-epoxy-5', 8-lignan-4, 9-bis-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (12), (+)-5, 5'-dimethoxylariciresinol 4'-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (13), (-)-5,5'-dimethoxylariciresinol 4'-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (14), (-)-pinoresinol 4'-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (15), and (+)-5, 5'-dimethoxylariciresinol 9'-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (16). All compounds were isolated and identified for the first time from this plant All the constituents except compounds 4, 6, 12 and 13 were obtained for the first time from the genus Oplopanax.
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Dynamic 3D cell culture via a chemoselective photoactuated ligand.
Biointerphases
PUBLISHED: 10-05-2014
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A new strategy to create a dynamic scaffold for three-dimensional (3D) cell experiments based on a photo-activated cell adhesive peptide ligand is described. After polymerization, the inert matrix becomes cell adhesive by chemoselective modification through the conjugation of oxyamine-terminated ligands. Furthermore, spatial and temporal control of cell culture within the 3D matrix was achieved by the use of a biospecific photoprotected peptide and visualized by confocal microscopy.
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A new sesquiterpene glucoside from Lysionotus pauciflorus.
Nat Prod Commun
PUBLISHED: 09-20-2014
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A new acorane sesquiterpene glucoside, 1R,3S,4R,5R,10R-3,10-dihydroxyacoronene-3-O-beta-D-gluc-oside (1), was isolated from the EtOAc-soluble partition of the ethanol extract of Lysionotus pauciflorus, together with six known compounds, namely p-hydroxybenzoic acid (2), vanillic acid (3). caffeic acid (4). beta-hydroxypropiosyringone (5), alpha,beta-dihydroxypropiosyringone (6), and lyoniresinol (7). The structure of the new compound was elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR, and high-resolution MS analysis. The absolute configuration of 1 was determined from CD spectra. When evaluated against several bacterial and fungal strains, and human cancer cell lines, compound 1 and its aglycone were inactive.
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[Effect of electroacupuncture stimulation of "Feishu" (BL 13) on lung index, serum and lung IL-10 and TNF-alpha levels in mice with viral pneumonia].
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu
PUBLISHED: 09-16-2014
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To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation of "Feishu" (BL13) on lung pathological changes, and levels of pulmonary and serum IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in viral pneumonia mice, so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improvement of viral pneumonia.
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Amine-borane assisted synthesis of wavy palladium nanorods on graphene as efficient catalysts for formic acid oxidation.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 09-12-2014
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Wavy palladium (Pd) nanorods were obtained by controlled synthesis by using amine-boranes as the reducing agents. Thanks to the unique structure and strong interaction with graphene, the as-synthesized Pd nanorods supported on graphene exhibit much enhanced electrocatalytic activity towards formic acid oxidation as compared with Pd nanoparticles.
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Immobilization of ultrafine bimetallic Ni-Pt nanoparticles inside the pores of metal-organic frameworks as efficient catalysts for dehydrogenation of alkaline solution of hydrazine.
Inorg Chem
PUBLISHED: 09-08-2014
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We report a facile liquid impregnation approach for immobilization of ultrafine bimetallic Ni-Pt nanoparticles (NPs) inside the pores of MIL-101. The methods of powder X-ray diffraction, N2 physisorption, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy were employed to characterize the NiPt@MIL-101 catalysts and further indicated the as-synthesized Ni-Pt NPs were confined in the pores of MIL-101. These as-synthesized bimetallic NiPt@MIL-101 NPs exhibit exceedingly high catalytic activity, selectivity, and durability toward hydrogen generation from alkaline solution of hydrazine.
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Role of osteopontin in rheumatoid arthritis.
Rheumatol. Int.
PUBLISHED: 08-28-2014
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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by joint swelling, joint tenderness, and destruction of synovial joints, leading to severe disability and premature mortality. RA is a multifactorial disease with genetic, environmental, and stochastic components related to its susceptibility. It has been demonstrated that the expression of osteopontin (OPN) is upregulated in the RA patients. Numerous studies have indicated that the full-length OPN or even OPN fragments, such as thrombin-cleaved OPN and its receptors, play the key roles in RA pathogenesis. Therapeutic application of siRNA to target OPN or neutralizing antibodies related to OPN epitopes in RA animal models are in progress, and some results are encouraging. However, there is a long way to go along with the clinical trials. This review focuses on the recent development in research associated with the OPN role in the pathogenesis of RA and provides insights concerning the OPN targeting as therapeutic approaches for patients with RA.
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PI3 kinase enzymology on fluid lipid bilayers.
Analyst
PUBLISHED: 08-18-2014
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We report the use of fluid lipid bilayer membrane as a model platform to study the influence of the bilayer microenvironment and composition on the enzymology in membrane. As a model system we determined the enzyme kinetics on membranes for the transformation of bilayers containing phosphoinositol(4,5)-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2) to phosphoinositol(3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PI(3,4,5)P3) by the enzyme phosphoinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) using radiolabeled ATP. The activity of the enzyme was monitored as a function of the radioactivity incorporated within the bilayer. The transformation of PI(4,5)P2 to PI(3,4,5)P3 was determined using a mass strip assay. The fluidity of the bilayer was confirmed by Fluorescence Recovery After Photobleaching (FRAP) experiments. Kinetic simulations were performed based on Langmuir adsorption and Michaelis-Menton kinetics equations to generate the rate constants for the enzymatic reaction. The effect of cholesterol on the enzyme kinetics was studied by doping the bilayer with 1% cholesterol. This leads to significant reduction in reaction rate due to change in membrane microenvironment. This strategy provides a method to study the enzymology of various kinases and phosphatases occurring at the membrane and also how these reactions are affected by the membrane composition and surface microenvironment.
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1?,25(OH)2D3 differentially regulates miRNA expression in human bladder cancer cells.
J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 08-14-2014
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Bladder cancer is the fourth most commonly diagnosed cancer in men and eighth leading cause of cancer-related death in the US. Epidemiological and experimental studies strongly suggest a role for 1?,25(OH)2D3 in cancer prevention and treatment. The antitumor activities of 1?,25(OH)2D3 are mediated by the induction of cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, differentiation and the inhibition of angiogenesis and metastasis. miRNAs play important regulatory roles in cancer development and progression. However, the role of 1?,25(OH)2D3 in the regulation of miRNA expression and the potential impact in bladder cancer has not been investigated. Therefore, we studied 1?,25(OH)2D3-regulated miRNA expression profiles in human bladder cancer cell line 253J and the highly tumorigenic and metastatic derivative line 253J-BV by miRNA qPCR panels. 253J and 253J-BV cells express endogenous vitamin D receptor (VDR), which can be further induced by 1?,25(OH)2D3. VDR target gene 24-hydroxylase was induced by 1?,25(OH)2D3 in both cell lines, indicating functional 1?,25(OH)2D3 signaling. The miRNA qPCR panel assay results showed that 253J and 253J-BV cells have distinct miRNA expression profiles. Further, 1?,25(OH)2D3 differentially regulated miRNA expression profiles in 253J and 253J-BV cells in a dynamic manner. Pathway analysis of the miRNA target genes revealed distinct patterns of contribution to the molecular functions and biological processes in the two cell lines. In conclusion, 1?,25(OH)2D3 differentially regulates the expression of miRNAs, which may contribute to distinct biological functions, in human bladder 253J and 253J-BV cells. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled '17th Vitamin D Workshop'.
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Identification of bioactive metabolites dihydrocanadensolide, Kojic acid, and vanillic acid in soy sauce using GC-MS, NMR spectroscopy, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 08-11-2014
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Microbial transformations of intrinsic substrates offer immense potential for generating new bioactive compounds in fermented food products. The aim of this work was to characterize the secondary metabolites in soy sauce, one of the oldest fermented condiments. Ethyl acetate extract (EAE) of soy sauce was separated using flash column chromatography, crystallized, and analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), single-crystal X-ray diffraction (SC-XRD), and mass spectroscopy. Dihydrocanadensolide (DHC), an antiulcer agent, was identified in a food for the first time. The natural stereostructure of DHC, which remained controversial for several decades, was determined as (3S,3aS,6R,6aR)-6-butyl-3-methyltetrahydrofuro[3,4-b]furan-2,4-dione using SC-XRD analysis. Kojic acid (KA) and vanillic acid (VA) were also identified from EAE as bioactive metabolic products of fungi and yeasts. Moreover, a new polymorphic form of KA was determined by SC-XRD.
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The development and evaluation of a computerized diagnosis scheme for pneumoconiosis on digital chest radiographs.
Biomed Eng Online
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2014
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To diagnose pneumoconiosis using a computer-aided diagnosis system based on digital chest radiographs.
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The effect of calcium phosphate composite scaffolds on the osteogenic differentiation of rabbit dental pulp stem cells.
J Biomed Mater Res A
PUBLISHED: 08-07-2014
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The objective of this study is to compare the effects of the two calcium phosphate composite scaffolds on the attachment, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation of rabbit dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). One nano-hydroxyapatite/collagen/poly (l-lactide) (nHAC/PLA), imitating the composition and the micro-structure characteristics of the natural bone, was made by Beijing Allgens Medical Science & Technology Co., Ltd. (China). The other beta-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP), being fully interoperability globular pore structure, was provided by Shanghai Bio-lu Biomaterials Co, Ltd. (China). We compared the absorption water rate and the protein adsorption rate of two scaffolds and the characterization of DPSCs cultured on the culture plate and both scaffolds under osteogenic differentiation media (ODM) treatment. The constructs were then implanted subcutaneously into the back of severely combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice for 8 and 12 weeks to compare their bone formation capacity. The results showed that the ODM-treated DPSCs expressed osteocalcin (OCN), bone sialoprotein (BSP), type I collagen (COLI) and osteopontin (OPN) by immunofluorescence staining. Positive alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining, calcium deposition and calcium nodules were also observed on the ODM-treated DPSCs. The absorption water rate and protein adsorption rate of nHAC/PLA was significantly higher than ?-TCP. The initial attachment of DPSCs seeded onto nHAC/PLA was significantly higher than that onto ?-TCP; and the proliferation rate of the cells was also significantly higher than that of ?-TCP on 1, 3, and 7 days of cell culture. The ALP activity, calcium/phosphorus content and mineral formation of DPSCs?+??-TCP were significantly higher than DPSCs?+?nHAC/LA. When implanted into the back of SCID mice, nHAC/PLA alone had no new bone formation, newly formed mature bone and osteoid were only observed in ?-TCP alone, DPSCs?+?nHAC/PLA and DPSCs?+??-TCP, and this three groups displayed increased bone formation over the 12-week period. The percentage of total bone formation area had no difference between DPSCs?+??-TCP and DPSCs?+?nHAC/PLA at each time point, but the percentage of mature bone formation area of DPSCs?+??-TCP was significantly higher than that of DPSCs?+?nHAC/PLA. Our results demonstrated that the DPSCs on nHAC/PLA had a better proliferation, and that the DPSCs on ?-TCP had a more mineralization in vitro, much more newly formed mature bones in vivo were presented in DPSCs?+??-TCP group. These findings have provided a further knowledge that scaffold architecture has different influence on the attachment, proliferation and differentiation of cells. This study may provide insight into the clinical periodontal bone tissue repair with DPSCs?+??-TCP construct. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part, 2014.
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Association of interleukin 22 polymorphisms with gastric cancer risk.
Tumour Biol.
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2014
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Interleukin (IL)-22 has been implicated in inflammation and tumorigenesis. To date, no studies have investigated the role of IL-22 polymorphism in the carcinogenesis of gastric cancer (GC). In this study, we aimed to investigate the association of IL-22 polymorphisms with the risk of GC in a Chinese population. One hundred eight GC patients and 110 healthy controls were included in the study. IL-22 rs1179251, rs2227485, and rs2227473 polymorphisms were determined by PCR amplification and DNA sequencing. Haplotypes were constructed, and a possible association of these haplotypes with GC was assessed. The distribution of IL-22 rs1179251 polymorphism with clinical parameters was also analyzed. The IL-22 rs1179251 polymorphism was significantly associated with an increased risk of GC (p??0.05). Three possible haplotypes (C(rs1179251)-C(rs2227485)-G(rs2227485), C(rs1179251)-T(rs2227485)-G(rs2227485), and G(rs1179251)-T(rs2227485)-A(rs2227485)) were identified, but no associations were found between these and the risk of GC (p?>?0.05). In summary, our study demonstrates that the rs1179251 polymorphism of IL-22 was associated with an increased risk of GC and may influence the progression of GC. Future larger studies with other ethnic populations are required to confirm these findings.
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Impact of oral health behaviors on dental caries in children with intellectual disabilities in guangzhou, china.
Int J Environ Res Public Health
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2014
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Dental care is consistently reported as one of the primary medical needs of children with disabilities (IDC). The aim of the present study was to explore the influence of oral health behaviors on the caries experience in children with intellectual disabilities in Guangzhou, China. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 477 intellectually disabled children, 12 to 17 years old, who were randomly selected from special educational schools in Guangzhou. A self-administered parental questionnaire was used to collect data on socio-demographic characteristics and oral health behavior variables, and 450 valid questionnaires were returned. Multiple regression analysis was used to examine the factors associated with dental caries. The average age of those in the sample was 14.6 years (SD = 1.3), 68.4% of whom were male, and the caries prevalence rate was 53.5% (DMFT = 1.5 ± 2.0). The factors significantly affecting the development of dental caries in IDC included gender, the presence or absence of cerebral palsy, and the frequency of dental visits and toothbrushing. In conclusion, the presence of cerebral palsy contributed to an increase risk of caries experience in intellectually disabled children, while toothbrushing more than twice a day and routine dental visits were caries-protective factors. Oral health promotion action may lead to a reduction in dental caries levels in IDC.
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Multifunctional optical nanofiber polarization devices with 3D geometry.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 08-05-2014
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Here a reliable fabrication process enabling the integration of multiple functions in a single rod with one optical nano/microfiber (ONM) was proposed, which represents a further step in the "lab-on-a-rod" technology roadmap. With a unique 3D geometry, the all-fiber in-line devices based on lab-on-a-rod techniques have more freedom and potential for compactness and functionality than conventional fiber devices. With the hybrid polymer-metal-dielectric nanostructure, the coupling between the plasmonic and waveguide modes leads to hybridization of the fundamental mode and polarization-dependent loss. By functionalizing the rod surface with a nanoscale silver film and tuning the coil geometry, a broadband polarizer and single-polarization resonator, respectively, were demonstrated. The polarizer has an extinction ratio of more than 20 dB over a spectral range of 450 nm. The resonator has a Q factor of more than 78,000 with excellent suppression of polarization noise. This type of miniature single-polarization resonator is impossible to realize by conventional fabrication processes and has wide applications in fiber communication, lasing, and especially sensing.
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Analysis of the private, collective, and relational self-cognitions among Han and Tibetan Chinese.
Psychol Rep
PUBLISHED: 07-15-2014
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Differences in the concepts of private, collective, and relational selves between two Chinese ethnic groups, the Han and Tibetan-adhering to the philosophies of Confucianism and Tibetan Buddhism, respectively-were examined. 128 students (54 men, 74 women; M age = 20.9 yr., SD = 2.2) completed the revised Twenty Statements Test and self-reference paradigm. Study 1 found that for Han participants relational and private selves were ranked similarly and as more important than the collective self. Studies 2 and 3 found that adjective words describing private and relational selves were recalled in greater proportions than words describing the collective self. Tibetan participants showed no significant differences between the three self-cognitions. The findings correspond to differences in self-identity among these two subcultures.
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[A case-control study on the causes of new HIV infection among heroin addicts attendees at the methadone maintenance treatment clinics].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-11-2014
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To explore the routes and factors associated with HIV new infection of heroin addicts who had been attending the methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) program.
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[Endoscopic minitrephination combined with endoscopic frontal sinusotomy for management of chronic frontal sinusitis].
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-11-2014
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To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic minitrephination combined with endoscopic frontal sinusotomy in the management of complex chronic frontal sinusitis.
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Cell division orientation on biospecific peptide gradients.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
PUBLISHED: 07-09-2014
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An assay was developed for determining cell division orientation on gradients. The methodology is based on permeating microfluidic devices with alkanethiols and subsequent printing of cell adhesive peptide gradient self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) for examining oriented cell divisions. To our knowledge, there has been no study examining the correlation between cell division orientations based on an underlying ligand gradient. These results implicate an important role for how the extracellular matrix may control cell division. These surfaces would allow for a range of cell behavior (polarization, migration, division, differentiation) studies on tailored biospecific gradients and as a potential biotechnological platform to assess small molecule perturbations of cell function.
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Tunable vapor-condensed nanolenses.
ACS Nano
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2014
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Nanostructured optical components, such as nanolenses, direct light at subwavelength scales to enable, among others, high-resolution lithography, miniaturization of photonic circuits, and nanoscopic imaging of biostructures. A major challenge in fabricating nanolenses is the appropriate positioning of the lens with respect to the sample while simultaneously ensuring it adopts the optimal size and shape for the intended use. One application of particular interest is the enhancement of contrast and signal-to-noise ratio in the imaging of nanoscale objects, especially over wide fields-of-view (FOVs), which typically come with limited resolution and sensitivity for imaging nano-objects. Here we present a self-assembly method for fabricating time- and temperature-tunable nanolenses based on the condensation of a polymeric liquid around a nanoparticle, which we apply to the high-throughput on-chip detection of spheroids smaller than 40 nm, rod-shaped particles with diameter smaller than 20 nm, and biofunctionalized nanoparticles, all across an ultralarge FOV of >20 mm(2). Previous nanoparticle imaging efforts across similar FOVs have detected spheroids no smaller than 100 nm, and therefore our results demonstrate the detection of particles >15-fold smaller in volume, which in free space have >240 times weaker Rayleigh scattering compared to the particle sizes detected in earlier wide-field imaging work. This entire platform, with its tunable nanolens condensation and wide-field imaging functions, is also miniaturized into a cost-effective and portable device, which might be especially important for field use, mobile sensing, and diagnostics applications, including, for example, the measurement of viral load in bodily fluids.
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Effect of Inoculation Process on Lycopene Production by Blakeslea trispora in a Stirred-Tank Reactor.
Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol.
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2014
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Lycopene biosynthesis by Blakeslea trispora was greatly enhanced in a stirred-tank reactor when a nonsynchronous inoculation process, in which the (+) mating type was inoculated after the (-) mating type has been grown for a certain period of time, was applied. The lycopene concentration with nonsynchronous inoculation in a 24-h inoculation interval was 33 % higher than that with synchronous inoculation. The optimum inoculation ratio was 1:2 (+/-) at the 36 and 48 h inoculum age of mating types (+) and (-), respectively. Fermentation time for the individual strains and mated conditions showed that the (+) mating type grows faster than the (-) mating type. Morphological observation showed that the mycelium ratio of B. trispora (-) in mating culture with nonsynchronous inoculation was higher than that with synchronous inoculation. The results indicated that nonsynchronous inoculation process increased the dominance of B. trispora (-) in joint cultivation and hence stimulated lycopene biosynthesis.
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Superior cathode of sodium-ion batteries: orthorhombic V?O? nanoparticles generated in nanoporous carbon by ambient hydrolysis deposition.
Nano Lett.
PUBLISHED: 06-23-2014
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For the first time, we demonstrate that orthorhombic V2O5 can exhibit superior electrochemical performance in sodium ion batteries when uniformly coated inside nanoporous carbon. The encapsulated V2O5 shows a specific capacity as high as 276 mAh/g, while the whole nanocomposite exhibits a capacity of 170 mAh/g. The V2O5/C composite was fabricated by a novel ambient hydrolysis deposition that features sequential water vapor adsorption in nanoporous carbon, followed by a hydrolysis reaction, exclusively inside the nanopores. The unique structure of the nanocomposite significantly enhances the capacity as well as the rate performance of orthorhombic V2O5 where the composite retains a capacity of over 90 mAh/g at a current rate of 640 mA/g. Furthermore, by calculating, we also revealed that a large portion of the sodium-ion storage, particularly at high current rates, is due to the V2O5 pseudocapacitance.
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[Study on dynamic changes of airway hyperresponsiveness in children with cough variant asthma].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 06-14-2014
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To explore the dynamic changes of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in children with cough variant asthma (CVA).
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A balance between B cell receptor and inhibitory receptor signaling controls plasma cell differentiation by maintaining optimal Ets1 levels.
J. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 06-13-2014
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Signaling through the BCR can drive B cell activation and contribute to B cell differentiation into Ab-secreting plasma cells. The positive BCR signal is counterbalanced by a number of membrane-localized inhibitory receptors that limit B cell activation and plasma cell differentiation. Deficiencies in these negative signaling pathways may cause autoantibody generation and autoimmune disease in both animal models and human patients. We have previously shown that the transcription factor Ets1 can restrain B cell differentiation into plasma cells. In this study, we tested the roles of the BCR and inhibitory receptors in controlling the expression of Ets1 in mouse B cells. We found that Ets1 is downregulated in B cells by BCR or TLR signaling through a pathway dependent on PI3K, Btk, IKK2, and JNK. Deficiencies in inhibitory pathways, such as a loss of the tyrosine kinase Lyn, the phosphatase Src homology region 2 domain-containing phosphatase 1 (SHP1) or membrane receptors CD22 and/or Siglec-G, result in enhanced BCR signaling and decreased Ets1 expression. Restoring Ets1 expression in Lyn- or SHP1-deficient B cells inhibits their enhanced plasma cell differentiation. Our findings indicate that downregulation of Ets1 occurs in response to B cell activation via either BCR or TLR signaling, thereby allowing B cell differentiation and that the maintenance of Ets1 expression is an important function of the inhibitory Lyn ? CD22/SiglecG ? SHP1 pathway in B cells.
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Cerium; crystal structure and position in the periodic table.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 06-02-2014
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The properties of the cerium metal have intrigued physicists and chemists for many decades. In particular a lot of attention has been directed towards its high pressure behavior, where an isostructural volume collapse (? phase ? ? phase) has been observed. Two main models of the electronic aspect of this transformation have been proposed; one where the 4f electron undergoes a change from being localized into an itinerant metallic state, and one where the focus is on the interaction between the 4f electron and the conduction electrons, often referred to as the Kondo volume collapse model. However, over the years it has been repeatedly questioned whether the cerium collapse really is isostructural. Most recently, detailed experiments have been able to remove this worrisome uncertainty. Therefore the isostructural aspect of the ?-? transition has now to be seriously addressed in the theoretical modeling, something which has been very much neglected. A study of this fundamental characteristic of the cerium volume collapse is made in present paper and we show that the localized [rlhar2 ] delocalized 4f electron picture provides an adequate description of this unique behavior. This agreement makes it possible to suggest that an appropriate crossroad position for cerium in The Periodic Table.
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Mechanisms and strategies of microbial cometabolism in the degradation of organic compounds - chlorinated ethylenes as the model.
Water Sci. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2014
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The universal microbial cometabolism provides us with an effective approach to remove man-made xenobiotics. However, the cometabolic bioremediation of toxic organic compounds has not been widely initiated due to the obscure underlying fundamentals in the studies or applications of microbial cometabolism. This review summarizes the current research trends in mechanistic understanding of microbial cometabolism, especially with regard to its potential applications. The crucial factors including key enzyme, enzyme inhibition, toxic effects and energy regulation are discussed, which all significantly contribute to the cometabolic bioremediation of pollutants. The presented review of chlorinated ethylene cometabolism in this overview has further confirmed the fundamentals and hypotheses mentioned above, and thus cometabolism of chlorinated ethylenes has been regarded as a role model of pollution remediation technology using microbial cometabolism. The subsequent prospective research should provide insights into the ambiguous mechanism of microbial cometabolism and help us to develop more efficient bioremediation of progressive pollution.
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[Association of perioperative transfusion and postoperative complications after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2014
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To explore the association of perioperative homologous blood transfusion (packed red blood cell, PRBC) and postoperative complications after radical gastrectomy in patients with gastric cancer.
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[Study on the adherence and related determinants among HIV-positive clients under methadone maintenance treatment in Dali,Yunnan province from 2005 to 2013].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2014
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To describe the adherence and related determinants among HIV-positive methadone maintenance treatment(MMT)clients in Dali,Yunnan province from 2005 to 2013.
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The expression and functional role of a FOXC1 related mRNA-lncRNA pair in oral squamous cell carcinoma.
Mol. Cell. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2014
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The Fork head box C1 (FOXC1) gene is overexpressed in multiple malignant tumors and is functionally correlated with tumor progression. However, its' role in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is still unclear. Recent studies have revealed that many long non-coding RNA (lncRNAs) cooperate with adjacent coding genes and form a functional "lncRNA-mRNA pair". In this study, we report a new lncRNA FOXC1 upstream transcript (FOXCUT) that was remarkably overexpressed in 23 OSCC patients, as was the adjacent FOXC1 gene. The expressions of FOXC1 and FOXCUT were positively correlated. When the expression of FOXCUT was down-regulated by small interfering RNA (siRNA), the expression of FOXC1 was also decreased. Moreover, in OSCC cells Tca8113 and SCC-9, down-regulation of either FOXC1 or FOXCUT by siRNA could inhibit cell proliferation and cell migration in vitro and was accompanied with a reduction of MMP2, MMP7, MMP9, and VEGF-A. In conclusion, FOXC1 may be co-amplified with FOXCUT in OSCC, and both of them may be functionally involved in the tumor progression of OSCC. This provides evidence that both FOXC1 and FOXCUT may serve as novel biomarkers and therapeutic targets in OSCC patients who overexpress this "lncRNA-mRNA pair".
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Diagnosis of pancreatic carcinoma based on combined measurement of multiple serum tumor markers using artificial neural network analysis.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2014
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Artificial neural network (ANN) has demonstrated the ability to assimilate information from multiple sources to enable the detection of subtle and complex patterns. In this research, we evaluated an ANN model in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer using multiple serum markers.
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Detecting contaminated birthdates using generalized additive models.
BMC Bioinformatics
PUBLISHED: 05-13-2014
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Erroneous patient birthdates are common in health databases. Detection of these errors usually involves manual verification, which can be resource intensive and impractical. By identifying a frequent manifestation of birthdate errors, this paper presents a principled and statistically driven procedure to identify erroneous patient birthdates.
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Effect of osteopontin on TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 mRNA in chondrocytes of human knee osteoarthritis in vitro.
Exp Ther Med
PUBLISHED: 05-02-2014
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Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) regulate the activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and enzymes from the a disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain with thrombospondin motifs family in osteoarthritis (OA). Elevated osteopontin (OPN) levels in plasma, synovial fluid and articular cartilage are associated with progressive OA joint damage; however, the role of OPN in the pathological changes of knee OA remains undetermined. The present study was undertaken to examine the effect of OPN on the expression of TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 mRNA in chondrocytes from 16 patients with knee OA. In this study, following the stimulation of human chondrocytes with recombinant human OPN (rhOPN; 100 ng/ml and 1 ?g/ml, respectively) for 48 h, MTT assay was used to determine cell viability while the quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the alterations in TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 levels. The results illustrated that neither 100 ng/ml nor 1 ?g/ml rhOPN caused cytotoxicity or apoptosis of chondrocytes and that the relative mRNA expression of TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 was significantly increased in the 1 ?g/ml rhOPN group compared with that in the control group (P=0.022 and P=0.003, respectively). However, no significant difference in expression was revealed between the 100 ng/ml rhOPN and control groups (P=0.998 and P=0.209, respectively). In conclusion, OPN may have a protective effect against pathological changes in advanced-stage OA.
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Pro-osteogenic effects of fibrin glue in treatment of avascular necrosis of the femoral head in vivo by hepatocyte growth factor-transgenic mesenchymal stem cells.
J Transl Med
PUBLISHED: 04-28-2014
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Autologous transplantation of modified mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is a promising candidate for the treatment of the refractory clinical disease, avascular necrosis of the femoral head (ANFH). Our previous attempts by compounding MSCs with medical fibrin glue to treat ANFH in animal model have achieved excellent effects. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is unclear, especially on the transgenic gene expression.
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Predicting unplanned readmission after myocardial infarction from routinely collected administrative hospital data.
Aust Health Rev
PUBLISHED: 04-18-2014
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Objective Readmission rates are high following acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but risk stratification has proved difficult because known risk factors are only weakly predictive. In the present study, we applied hospital data to identify the risk of unplanned admission following AMI hospitalisations. Methods The study included 1660 consecutive AMI admissions. Predictive models were derived from 1107 randomly selected records and tested on the remaining 553 records. The electronic medical record (EMR) model was compared with a seven-factor predictive score known as the HOSPITAL score and a model derived from Elixhauser comorbidities. All models were evaluated for the ability to identify patients at high risk of 30-day ischaemic heart disease readmission and those at risk of all-cause readmission within 12 months following the initial AMI hospitalisation. Results The EMR model has higher discrimination than other models in predicting ischaemic heart disease readmissions (area under the curve (AUC) 0.78; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.71-0.85 for 30-day readmission). The positive predictive value was significantly higher with the EMR model, which identifies cohorts that were up to threefold more likely to be readmitted. Factors associated with readmission included emergency department attendances, cardiac diagnoses and procedures, renal impairment and electrolyte disturbances. The EMR model also performed better than other models (AUC 0.72; 95% CI 0.66-0.78), and with greater positive predictive value, in identifying 12-month risk of all-cause readmission. Conclusions Routine hospital data can help identify patients at high risk of readmission following AMI. This could lead to decreased readmission rates by identifying patients suitable for targeted clinical interventions. What is known about the topic? Many clinical and demographic risk factors are known for hospital readmissions following acute myocardial infarction, including multivessel disease, high baseline heart rate, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and psychiatric morbidity. However, combining these risk factors into indices for predicting readmission had limited success. A recent study reported a C-statistic of 0.73 for predicting 30-day readmissions. In a recent American study, a simple seven-factor score was shown to predict hospital readmissions among medical patients. What does this paper add? This paper presents a way to predict readmissions following myocardial infarction using routinely collected administrative data. The model performed better than the recently described HOSPITAL score and a model derived from Elixhauser comorbidities. Moreover, the model uses only data generally available in most hospitals. What are the implications for practitioners? Routine hospital data available at discharges can be used to tailor preventative care for AMI patients, to improve institutional performance and to decrease the cost burden associated with AMI.
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Cell-surface engineering by a conjugation-and-release approach based on the formation and cleavage of oxime linkages upon mild electrochemical oxidation and reduction.
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2014
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We report a strategy to rewire cell surfaces for the dynamic control of ligand composition on cell membranes and the modulation of cell-cell interactions to generate three-dimensional (3D) tissue structures applied to stem-cell differentiation, cell-surface tailoring, and tissue engineering. We tailored cell surfaces with bioorthogonal chemical groups on the basis of a liposome-fusion and -delivery method to create dynamic, electroactive, and switchable cell-tissue assemblies through chemistry involving chemoselective conjugation and release. Each step to modify the cell surface: activation, conjugation, release, and regeneration, can be monitored and modulated by noninvasive, label-free analytical techniques. We demonstrate the utility of this methodology by the conjugation and release of small molecules to and from cell surfaces and by the generation of 3D coculture spheroids and multilayered cell tissues that can be programmed to undergo assembly and disassembly on demand.
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Controlling cell behavior with peptide nano-patterns.
J Colloid Interface Sci
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2014
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Proper cell polarization and division are critical for a developing organism and a number of downstream biological processes including cancer metastasis, cell migration, and organelle organization. Both cell behaviors are complex and influenced by a number of external factors including, the extracellular matrix (ECM), physical-mechanical and hydrodynamic forces. In particular, the ECM functions as a dynamic 3-dimensional scaffold support for tissue segregation and cell adhesion. Although cells are microns in size, they sense and respond to dynamic nanoarchitecture changes of the ECM. To further understand these complex processes model substrates have been developed to recapitulate the spatial presentation of ligands as gradients and single cell patterns. However, until now, the interplay between ligand affinity, ligand density and ligand area at the nanoscale on cell behavior has received little attention due to the lack of synergistic surface chemistry, microscopy, cell biology, and nanopatterning technologies. In this report, we develop biospecific nanopatterned peptide array substrates to examine how the nano-environment controls cell behavior utilizing parallel dip-pen nanolithography.
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Highly ordered mesoporous tungsten oxides with a large pore size and crystalline framework for H2S sensing.
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2014
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An ordered mesoporous WO3 material with a highly crystalline framework was synthesized by using amphiphilic poly(ethylene oxide)-b-polystyrene (PEO-b-PS) diblock copolymers as a structure-directing agent through a solvent-evaporation-induced self-assembly method combined with a simple template-carbonization strategy. The obtained mesoporous WO3 materials have a large uniform mesopore size (ca. 10.9?nm) and a high surface area (ca. 121?m(2) ?g(-1)). The mesoporous WO3-based H2S gas sensor shows an excellent performance for H2S sensing at low concentration (0.25?ppm) with fast response (2?s) and recovery (38?s). The high mesoporosity and continuous crystalline framework are responsible for the excellent performance in H2S sensing.
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Two cases of dural arteriovenous fistula presenting with parkinsonism and progressive cognitive dysfunction.
J. Neurol. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2014
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Dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) is a rare type of cerebral arteriovenous malformation. The occurrence of parkinsonism together with progressive cognitive dysfunction caused by DAVF has been rarely reported. The probable underlying pathophysiology could be due to venous hypertension caused by DAVF which leads to basal ganglia and cortical dysfunction. Here, two DAVF cases were reported presenting with parkinsonism and progressive cognitive dysfunction. A 54-year-old man (case 1) and a 75-year-old man (case 2) presented with bradykinesia, gait disturbances and cognitive dysfunction who were initially misdiagnosed as having Parkinson's disease. Case 1 exhibited a characteristic type of subcortical calcification on CT scan, while case 2 had specific resting tremor and intracranial hypertension. Both cases showed transient response to the dopaminergic treatment. After 3D time-of-flight (TOF) magnetic resonance arteriography (MRA) or digital subtraction arteriography (DSA), they were diagnosed as having DAVF. This report suggests the possibility of DAVF in patients presenting with parkinsonism and progressive cognitive dysfunction, which requires further attention to be paid, especially in those with transient response to levodopa. Early 3D TOF MRA or DSA is recommended for the diagnosis of DAVF.
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Mutation breeding of lycopene-producing strain Blakeslea trispora by a novel atmospheric and room temperature plasma (ARTP).
Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol.
PUBLISHED: 03-02-2014
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To improve the fermentation efficiency of lycopene, a plasma jet, driven by an active helium atom supplied with atmospheric and room temperature plasma (ARTP) biological breeding system, was used as a new method to generate mutations in Blakeslea trispora (-). After several rounds of screening, a mutant A5 with high concentration of lycopene and dry biomass was isolated, which showed a maximum lycopene concentration (26.4 ± 0.2 mg/g dry biomass) which was 55 % higher than the parent strain (16.9 ± 0.3 mg/g dry biomass) in the production of lycopene. Compared with parent strain, B. trispora A5 required less dissolved oxygen (10 % less than that of parent strain) to reach maximum concentration in a 5-L stirred tank reactor batch fermentation.
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Remote control of tissue interactions via engineered photo-switchable cell surfaces.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2014
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We report a general cell surface molecular engineering strategy via liposome fusion delivery to create a dual photo-active and bio-orthogonal cell surface for remote controlled spatial and temporal manipulation of microtissue assembly and disassembly. Cell surface tailoring of chemoselective functional groups was achieved by a liposome fusion delivery method and quantified by flow cytometry and characterized by a new cell surface lipid pull down mass spectrometry strategy. Dynamic co-culture spheroid tissue assembly in solution and co-culture tissue multilayer assembly on materials was demonstrated by an intercellular photo-oxime ligation that could be remotely cleaved and disassembled on demand. Spatial and temporal control of microtissue structures containing multiple cell types was demonstrated by the generation of patterned multilayers for controlling stem cell differentiation. Remote control of cell interactions via cell surface engineering that allows for real-time manipulation of tissue dynamics may provide tools with the scope to answer fundamental questions of cell communication and initiate new biotechnologies ranging from imaging probes to drug delivery vehicles to regenerative medicine, inexpensive bioreactor technology and tissue engineering therapies.
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Role of aldolase A in osteosarcoma progression and metastasis: In vitro and in vivo evidence.
Oncol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2014
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Aldolase A (ALDOA) has been reported to be negative survival marker of osteosarcoma (OS) and may be implicated in OS development and progression. In the present study, we assessed for the first time the functional role of ALDOA in OS cell invasion and survival in vitro and in vivo, using human OS cell lines and an orthotopic xenograft nude mouse model. Overexpression and knockdown of ALDOA were respectively performed in MG-63 and U-2 OS cells, which showed relatively low and high constitutive ALDOA expression levels, respectively. Overexpression of ALDOA in MG-63 cells significantly increased in vitro cell invasion, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 expression, and cell survival against cisplatin-induced apoptosis. On the other hand, knockdown of ALDOA in U-2 cells markedly decreased in vitro cell invasion, MMP-2 expression, and cell survival against cisplatin-induced apoptosis. In an orthotopic xenograft nude mouse model, intra-tibial injection of MG-63 cells overexpressing ALDOA led to significantly increased primary tumor volume and pulmonary metastasis as well as decreased cell apoptosis in the primary tumors, compared with the controls. In contrast, intra-tibial injection of U-2 cells with knockdown of ALDOA led to markedly decreased primary tumor volume and pulmonary metastasis as well as increased cell apoptosis in the primary tumors, compared with the controls. In conclusion, our in vitro data indicate that ALDOA promotes OS cell invasion and survival, and our in vivo data demonstrate an important role of ALDOA in promoting OS tumor growth and metastasis. The present study provides the first in vitro and in vivo evidence supporting a critical functional role of ALDOA in OS progression and metastasis, suggesting that ALDOA could serve as a novel therapeutic target in OS. Additionally, our results suggest that ALDOA is involved in the development of OS chemoresistance.
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Disrupted white matter integrity in depressed versus non-depressed Parkinson's disease patients: A tract-based spatial statistics study.
J. Neurol. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2014
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Depression is a common occurrence in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), however, its pathophysiology still remains unclear. With increasing evidence suggesting that depression is a disconnection syndrome, we hypothesized that depression in PD is caused by degenerated fiber connections in the brain. We examined whole brain white matter integrity in 15 depressed PD patients and 15 non-depressed PD patients. All the patients were assessed with the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale, the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, and the Mini-Mental State Examination. White matter difference between the two groups and its correlation with disease severity was calculated. In depressed PD patients, decreased fractional anisotropy was found in the left uncinate fasciculus, superior longitudinal fasciculus, anterior thalamic radiation, forceps minor, and the inferior longitudinal fasciculus. Fractional anisotropy in the left deep temporal cortex was negatively correlated with severity of depression (r=-0.671, p=0.034). Our results suggest that disrupted fiber connections in the anterior part of the left hemisphere may contribute to depression in PD patients.
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Assessment of the bioavailability and toxicity of lead polluted soils using a combination of chemical approaches and bioassays with the collembolan Folsomia candida.
J. Hazard. Mater.
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2014
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Understanding bioavailability and toxicity is essential for effective ecological assessment of contaminated soils. Total, water and 0.01 M CaCl2 extractable and porewater Pb concentrations and soil properties in different shooting field soils were investigated. Three artificial soils containing different pH and organic matter contents and two natural soils were included as controls. Survival, reproduction and avoidance responses of Folsomia candida exposed to these soils as well as internal Pb concentrations were measured. In the shooting range soils, total Pb concentrations were 47-2,398 mg/kg dw, [Formula: see text] 3.2-6.8 and organic matter content 3.8-7.0%. Pb concentrations in F. candida linearly increased with increasing Pb concentrations in the soils. Acid forest soils caused significantly higher collembolan mortality and avoidance responses and significantly lower reproduction than the neutral grassland soils, which could be attributed to differences in pH and especially CaCl2 extractable Pb concentrations. Soil properties significantly affected bioavailability and toxicity of Pb, but overall the collembolans seemed more sensitive to pH than to Pb in soils. This study shows the importance of selecting proper reference soils for assessing the effects of field soils.
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Association between the TP53 codon 72 polymorphism and risk of oral squamous cell carcinoma in Asians: a meta-analysis.
BMC Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-16-2014
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Several epidemiological studies have previously investigated the association between the TP53 codon 72 polymorphism and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) susceptibility; however, current results are inconsistent. We therefore performed this meta-analysis to thoroughly investigate any association among Asian patients.
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Lasiodin inhibits proliferation of human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells by simultaneous modulation of the Apaf-1/caspase, AKT/MAPK and COX-2/NF-?B signaling pathways.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Rabdosia serra has been widely used for the treatment of the various human diseases. However, the antiproliferative effects and underlying mechanisms of the compounds in this herb remain largely unknown. In this study, an antiproliferative compound against human nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells from Rabdosia serra was purified and identified as lasiodin (a diterpenoid). The treatment with lasiodin inhibited cell viability and migration. Lasiodin also mediated the cell morphology change and induced apoptosis in NPC cells. The treatment with lasiodin induced the Apaf-1 expression, triggered the cytochrome-C release, and stimulated the PARP, caspase-3 and caspase-9 cleavages, thereby activating the apoptotic pathways. The treatment with lasiodin also significantly inhibited the phosphorylations of the AKT, ERK1/2, p38 and JNK proteins. The pretreatment with the AKT or MAPK-selective inhibitors considerably blocked the lasiodin-mediated inhibition of cell proliferation. Moreover, the treatment with lasiodin inhibited the COX-2 expression, abrogated NF-?B binding to the COX-2 promoter, and promoted the NF-?B translocation from cell nuclei to cytosol. The pretreatment with a COX-2-selective inhibitor abrogated the lasiodin-induced inhibition of cell proliferation. These results indicated that lasiodin simultaneously activated the Apaf-1/caspase-dependent apoptotic pathways and suppressed the AKT/MAPK and COX-2/NF-?B signaling pathways. This study also suggested that lasiodin could be a promising natural compound for the prevention and treatment of NPC.
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Wide-field optical detection of nanoparticles using on-chip microscopy and self-assembled nanolenses.
Nat Photonics
PUBLISHED: 12-21-2013
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The direct observation of nanoscale objects is a challenging task for optical microscopy because the scattering from an individual nanoparticle is typically weak at optical wavelengths. Electron microscopy therefore remains one of the gold standard visualization methods for nanoparticles, despite its high cost, limited throughput and restricted field-of-view. Here, we describe a high-throughput, on-chip detection scheme that uses biocompatible wetting films to self-assemble aspheric liquid nanolenses around individual nanoparticles to enhance the contrast between the scattered and background light. We model the effect of the nanolens as a spatial phase mask centred on the particle and show that the holographic diffraction pattern of this effective phase mask allows detection of sub-100 nm particles across a large field-of-view of >20 mm(2). As a proof-of-concept demonstration, we report on-chip detection of individual polystyrene nanoparticles, adenoviruses and influenza A (H1N1) viral particles.
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[Retrospective analysis of effectiveness of intensity-modulated radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy or not for locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-05-2013
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To analyze the effectiveness and toxicity of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) combined with chemotherapy or not for locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
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The transcription factor Ets1, but not the closely related factor Ets2, inhibits antibody-secreting cell differentiation.
Mol. Cell. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 11-25-2013
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B cell differentiation into antibody-secreting cells (ASCs) is a tightly-regulated process under the control of multiple transcription factors. One such transcription factor Ets1 blocks the transition of B cells to ASCs via two separate activities: (1) by stimulating the expression of target genes that promote B cell identity and (2) by interfering with the functional activity of the transcription factor Blimp1. Ets1 is a member of a multi-gene family, several of whose members are expressed within the B cell lineage, including the closely-related protein Ets2. In this report, we demonstrate that Ets1, but not Ets2, can block ASC formation, despite the fact that Ets1 and Ets2 bind to apparently identical DNA sequence motifs and are thought to regulate overlapping sets of target genes. The DNA binding domain of Ets1 is required, but not sufficient by itself, to block ASC formation. In addition, less conserved regions within the N-terminus of Ets1 play an important role in inhibiting B cell differentiation. Differences between the N-termini of Ets1 and Ets2, rather than differences in the DNA binding domains, determine whether the proteins are capable of blocking ASC formation or not.
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[Cytosine deaminase and thymidine kinase double suicide gene system driven by carcinoembryonic antigen promoter for the treatment of colorectal carcinoma xenograft in nude mice].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-31-2013
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To explore the therapeutic efficacy of double suicide gene system driven by carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) promoter (Cp-CDglyTK) on colorectal carcinoma xenograft in nude mice.
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The F-Box Protein OsFBK12 Targets OsSAMS1 for Degradation and Affects Pleiotropic Phenotypes, Including Leaf Senescence, in Rice.
Plant Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 10-21-2013
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Leaf senescence is related to the grain-filling rate and grain weight in cereals. Many components involved in senescence regulation at either the genetic or physiological level are known. However, less is known about molecular regulation mechanisms. Here, we report that OsFBK12 (an F-box protein containing a Kelch repeat motif) interacts with S-ADENOSYL-l-METHIONINE SYNTHETASE1 (SAMS1) to regulate leaf senescence and seed size as well as grain number in rice (Oryza sativa). Yeast two-hybrid, pull-down, and bimolecular fluorescence complementation assays indicate that OsFBK12 interacts with Oryza sativa S-PHASE KINASE-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN1-LIKE PROTEIN and with OsSAMS1. Biochemical and physiological data showed that OsFBK12 targets OsSAMS1 for degradation. OsFBK12-RNA interference lines and OsSAMS1 overexpression lines showed increased ethylene levels, while OsFBK12-OX lines and OsSAMS1-RNA interference plants exhibited decreased ethylene. Phenotypically, overexpression of OsFBK12 led to a delay in leaf senescence and germination and increased seed size, whereas knockdown lines of either OsFBK12 or OsSAMS1 promoted the senescence program. Our results suggest that OsFBK12 is involved in the 26S proteasome pathway by interacting with Oryza sativa S-PHASE KINASE-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN1-LIKE PROTEIN and that it targets the substrate OsSAMS1 for degradation, triggering changes in ethylene levels for the regulation of leaf senescence and grain size. These data have potential applications in the molecular breeding of rice.
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Effect of partial and complete posterior cruciate ligament transection on medial meniscus: A biomechanical evaluation in a cadaveric model.
Indian J Orthop
PUBLISHED: 10-18-2013
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The relationship between medial meniscus tear and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury has not been exactly explained. We studied to investigate the biomechanical effect of partial and complete PCL transection on different parts of medial meniscus at different flexion angles under static loading conditions.
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Synthesis of amorphous FeOOH/reduced graphene oxide composite by infrared irradiation and its superior lithium storage performance.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
PUBLISHED: 10-09-2013
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A new hybrid nanostructure composed of mildly reduced graphene oxide (mRGO) nanosheets and homogeneous loading of amorphous FeOOH with ultrafine particles (?2 nm) is successfully synthesized via a facile infrared irradiation approach. Surprisingly, the as-prepared FeOOH/mRGO hybrid exhibits high reversible capacity, long-term stability, and excellent rate performance, when used as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries. A high reversible capacity of 767 mA h g(-1), with a coulombic efficiency of ?100%, can be achieved at a high current density of 1000 mA g(-1) even after 600 discharge/charge cycles. The superior electrochemical performances are attributed to the synergistic effects of the small particle size, amorphous structure, and conductive mRGO.
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[Factors associated with overdose-caused mortality of HIV-positive patients who were on methadone maintenance treatment program].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-08-2013
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To study the factors that associated with the mortality of overdose on methadone maintenance treatment(MMT)among HIV-positive patients.
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Chemokine CCL2 up-regulated in the medullary dorsal horn astrocytes contributes to nocifensive behaviors induced by experimental tooth movement.
Eur. J. Oral Sci.
PUBLISHED: 09-25-2013
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To test the hypothesis that the astrocytic chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) plays an important role in nocifensive behaviors after experimental tooth movement (ETM), the expression and cellular localization of CCL2 and astrocyte activation in the medullary dorsal horn (MDH) were determined by immunohistochemistry in rats. The dose-dependent effects of intrathecal C-C chemokine receptor type 2 (CCR2) antagonists on these changes in nocifensive behaviors were evaluated. Exogenous CCL2 was added to medullary dorsal horn slices to evaluate its contributory role in the induction of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation ex vivo. We found a significant increase in the expression of CCL2 and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), corresponding well to the nocifensive behaviors after ETM. In addition, application of recombinant CCL2 led to ERK activation, which could be attenuated effectively by pretreatment with CCL2-neutralizing antibody ex vivo. The magnitude of the nocifensive behavior could be reduced by medullary CCR2 antagonists in a dose-dependent manner. Therefore, the astrocytic CCL2 is actively involved in the development and maintenance of tooth-movement pain and thus may be a potential target for analgesics in orthodontic nocifensive responses control.
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Production of graphene by reduction using a magnesiothermic reaction.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 09-19-2013
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We have, for the first time, employed a magnesiothermic reaction to convert microwave-irradiated graphite oxide to pure graphene. The magnesiothermic reaction increases the carbon to oxygen atomic ratio from 22.2 to 165.7 and maintains a high surface area. The new strategy demonstrates an efficient method for obtaining highly pure graphene materials.
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Leptin-induced endothelial dysfunction is mediated by sympathetic nervous system activity.
J Am Heart Assoc
PUBLISHED: 09-18-2013
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The adipocyte-derived hormone leptin is elevated in obesity and may contribute to vascular risk associated with obesity. The mechanism(s) by which leptin affects vascular disease is unclear, although leptin has been shown to increase sympathetic activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of leptin treatment on endothelial function and the role of the local sympathetic nervous system in mediating these effects.
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Fluorescent imaging of single nanoparticles and viruses on a smart phone.
ACS Nano
PUBLISHED: 09-12-2013
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Optical imaging of nanoscale objects, whether it is based on scattering or fluorescence, is a challenging task due to reduced detection signal-to-noise ratio and contrast at subwavelength dimensions. Here, we report a field-portable fluorescence microscopy platform installed on a smart phone for imaging of individual nanoparticles as well as viruses using a lightweight and compact opto-mechanical attachment to the existing camera module of the cell phone. This hand-held fluorescent imaging device utilizes (i) a compact 450 nm laser diode that creates oblique excitation on the sample plane with an incidence angle of ~75°, (ii) a long-pass thin-film interference filter to reject the scattered excitation light, (iii) an external lens creating 2× optical magnification, and (iv) a translation stage for focus adjustment. We tested the imaging performance of this smart-phone-enabled microscopy platform by detecting isolated 100 nm fluorescent particles as well as individual human cytomegaloviruses that are fluorescently labeled. The size of each detected nano-object on the cell phone platform was validated using scanning electron microscopy images of the same samples. This field-portable fluorescence microscopy attachment to the cell phone, weighing only ~186 g, could be used for specific and sensitive imaging of subwavelength objects including various bacteria and viruses and, therefore, could provide a valuable platform for the practice of nanotechnology in field settings and for conducting viral load measurements and other biomedical tests even in remote and resource-limited environments.
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Formation of Nanofoam carbon and re-emergence of Superconductivity in compressed CaC6.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 09-09-2013
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Pressure can tune materials electronic properties and control its quantum state, making some systems present disconnected superconducting region as observed in iron chalcogenides and heavy fermion CeCu2Si2. For CaC6 superconductor (Tc of 11.5?K), applying pressure first Tc increases and then suppresses and the superconductivity of this compound is eventually disappeared at about 18?GPa. Here, we report a theoretical finding of the re-emergence of superconductivity in heavily compressed CaC6. The predicted phase III (space group Pmmn) with formation of carbon nanofoam is found to be stable at wide pressure range with a Tc up to 14.7?K at 78?GPa. Diamond-like carbon structure is adhered to the phase IV (Cmcm) for compressed CaC6 after 126?GPa, which has bad metallic behavior, indicating again departure from superconductivity. Re-emerged superconductivity in compressed CaC6 paves a new way to design new-type superconductor by inserting metal into nanoporous host lattice.
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The effect of mud therapy on pain relief in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
J. Int. Med. Res.
PUBLISHED: 09-05-2013
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A meta-analysis was conducted to examine the effect of mud therapy on pain relief in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA).
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.