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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Accidental falls and risk of mortality among older adults on chronic peritoneal dialysis.
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol
PUBLISHED: 04-24-2014
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More than 40% of elderly hemodialysis patients experience one or more accidental falls within a 1-year period. Such falls are associated with higher mortality. The objectives of this study were to assess whether falls are also common in elderly patients established on peritoneal dialysis and evaluate if patients with falls have a higher risk of mortality than patients who do not experience a fall.
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FUNCTIONAL DISABILITY IN OLDER ADULTS MAINTAINED ON PERITONEAL DIALYSIS THERAPY.
Perit Dial Int
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2014
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Older in-center hemodialysis patients have a high burden of functional disability. However, little is known about patients on home chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD). As patients opting for home dialysis are expected to play a greater role in their own dialysis care, we hypothesized that a relatively low number of PD patients would require help with basic self-care tasks (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL). ? METHODS: We used a cross-sectional study design to measure the proportion of patients aged 65 years and older undergoing outpatient PD who needed help with day-to-day activities. Patients living in nursing homes were excluded from the study. Functional dependence in ADL and IADL tasks were measured by the Barthel and Lawton Scales. Physical performance measures used included the timed up-and-go (TUG) test, chair stands and Folstein mini-mental score (MMSE). ? RESULTS: A total of 74 of 76 (97%) eligible PD patients participated. Patients had a mean age of 76.2 ± 7.5 years. Thirty-six percent had impaired MMSE scores, 69% were unable to stand from a chair without the use of their arms and 51% had abnormal TUG scores. Only 8 patients (11%) were fully independent for both ADL and IADL activities. Dependence in one or more ADL activity was reported by 64% of participants, while 89% reported dependence in one or more IADL. ? CONCLUSIONS: Impaired physical and functional performance is common in older patients maintained on PD. Collaborative geriatric-renal programs may be beneficial within the dialysis community.
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Short course daily prednisolone therapy during an upper respiratory tract infection in children with relapsing steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (PREDNOS 2): protocol for a randomised controlled trial.
Trials
PUBLISHED: 04-03-2014
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Relapses of childhood steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS) are treated with a 4- to 8-week course of high-dose oral prednisolone, which may be associated with significant adverse effects. There is a clear association between upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) and relapse development. Previous studies in developing nations have suggested that introducing a 5- to 7-day course of daily prednisolone during an URTI may prevent a relapse developing and the need for a treatment course of high-dose prednisolone. The aim of PREDNOS 2 is to evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-day course of daily prednisolone therapy during an URTI in reducing the development of a subsequent relapse in a developed nation.
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Cost effectiveness analysis for nursing research.
Nurs Res
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2013
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With ever-increasing pressure to reduce costs and increase quality, nurses are faced with the challenge of producing evidence that their interventions and care provide value. Cost effectiveness analysis (CEA) is a tool that can be used to provide this evidence by comparative evaluation of the costs and consequences of two or more alternatives.
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In TNF-stimulated cells, RIPK1 promotes cell survival by stabilizing TRAF2 and cIAP1, which limits induction of non-canonical NF-kappaB and activation of caspase-8.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2011
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RIPK1 is involved in signaling from TNF and TLR family receptors. After receptor ligation, RIPK1 not only modulates activation of both canonical and NIK-dependent NF-?B, but also regulates caspase-8 activation and cell death. Although overexpression of RIPK1 can cause caspase-8-dependent cell death, when RIPK1(-/-) cells are exposed to TNF and low doses of cycloheximide, they die more readily than wild-type cells, indicating RIPK1 has pro-survival as well as pro-apoptotic activities. To determine how RIPK1 promotes cell survival, we compared wild-type and RIPK1(-/-) cells treated with TNF. Although TRAF2 levels remained constant in TNF-treated wild-type cells, TNF stimulation of RIPK1(-/-) cells caused TRAF2 and cIAP1 to be rapidly degraded by the proteasome, which led to an increase in NIK levels. This resulted in processing of p100 NF-?B2 to p52, a decrease in levels of cFLIP(L), and activation of caspase-8, culminating in cell death. Therefore, the pro-survival effect of RIPK1 is mediated by stabilization of TRAF2 and cIAP1.
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Post-discharge management following hip fracture--get you back to B4: a parallel group, randomized controlled trial study protocol.
BMC Geriatr
PUBLISHED: 02-06-2011
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Fall-related hip fractures result in significant personal and societal consequences; importantly, up to half of older adults with hip fracture never regain their previous level of mobility. Strategies of follow-up care for older adults after fracture have improved investigation for osteoporosis; but managing bone health alone is not enough. Prevention of fractures requires management of both bone health and falls risk factors (including the contributing role of cognition, balance and continence) to improve outcomes.
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Differences in level of care at the end of life according to race.
Am. J. Crit. Care
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2010
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Tailoring care for patients and their families at the end of life is important.
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TAK1 is required for survival of mouse fibroblasts treated with TRAIL, and does so by NF-kappaB dependent induction of cFLIPL.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2010
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Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is known as a "death ligand"-a member of the TNF superfamily that binds to receptors bearing death domains. As well as causing apoptosis of certain types of tumor cells, TRAIL can activate both NF-kappaB and JNK signalling pathways. To determine the role of TGF-beta-Activated Kinase-1 (TAK1) in TRAIL signalling, we analyzed the effects of adding TRAIL to mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) derived from TAK1 conditional knockout mice. TAK1-/- MEFs were significantly more sensitive to killing by TRAIL than wild-type MEFs, and failed to activate NF-kappaB or JNK. Overexpression of IKK2-EE, a constitutive activator of NF-kappaB, protected TAK1-/- MEFs against TRAIL killing, suggesting that TAK1 activation of NF-kappaB is critical for the viability of cells treated with TRAIL. Consistent with this model, TRAIL failed to induce the survival genes cIAP2 and cFlipL in the absence of TAK1, whereas activation of NF-kappaB by IKK2-EE restored the levels of both proteins. Moreover, ectopic expression of cFlipL, but not cIAP2, in TAK1-/- MEFs strongly inhibited TRAIL-induced cell death. These results indicate that cells that survive TRAIL treatment may do so by activation of a TAK1-NF-kappaB pathway that drives expression of cFlipL, and suggest that TAK1 may be a good target for overcoming TRAIL resistance.
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Identification of an Xiap-like pseudogene on mouse chromosome 7.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 10-20-2009
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The most thoroughly characterized mammalian IAP is XIAP/BIRC4, which can inhibit caspases 9, 3 and 7, but may also regulate apoptosis through interactions with other proteins such as Smac/DIABLO, HtrA2/Omi, XAF1, TAK1, cIAP1, and cIAP2.High throughput sequencing of the mouse genome revealed the existence of a gene resembling Xiap/Birc4 on mouse chromosome 7. To confirm the existence of this gene, and to determine its functional significance, we performed Southern and Northern blot analysis. This showed the presence of the Xiap-like gene in both wild-type and Xiap gene knock-out mice, but the corresponding mRNA was not detected in any tissues examined by Northern blot. Analysis of the gene sequence in all three possible reading frames predicts that expression of this gene would not give rise to a full-length protein, but only non-functional truncated polypeptides. Because its nucleotide sequence is 92% identical to Xiap, but it has no introns corresponding to those of Xiap, we conclude that Xiap-ps1 is a pseudogene generated by retro-transposition of a spliced Xiap message to chromosome 7.
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The intersection of geriatrics and chronic kidney disease: frailty and disability among older adults with kidney disease.
Adv Chronic Kidney Dis
PUBLISHED: 10-06-2009
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Older adults (aged >or=65 years) comprise the largest segment of the CKD population, and impaired kidney function is linked with unsuccessful aging. Individuals across the spectrum of kidney disease have clinical features of the frailty phenotype, suggesting that frailty is not confined to old age among vulnerable populations. This manifests as a high prevalence of impaired physical performance, emergent geriatric syndromes, disability, and risk of death. Considering the multiple system involvement underlying the symptoms and deficits seen in CKD, especially in the more severe stages, the concept of frailty is a highly useful tool to identify older adults with kidney disease who are on the trajectory of vulnerability leading to decline and death. Further work is needed to characterize the relationship between kidney disease and frailty and to identify opportunities to intervene.
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Analysis of recurrent events: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials of interventions to prevent falls.
Age Ageing
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2009
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there are several well-developed statistical methods for analysing recurrent events. Although there are guidelines for reporting the design and methodology of randomised controlled trials (RCTs), analysis guidelines do not exist to guide the analysis for RCTs with recurrent events. Application of statistical methods that do not account for recurrent events may provide erroneous results when used to test the efficacy of an intervention. It is unknown what proportion of RCTs of falls prevention studies have utilised statistical methods that incorporate recurrent events.
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IAPs limit activation of RIP kinases by TNF receptor 1 during development.
EMBO J.
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Inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) proteins cIAP1, cIAP2, and XIAP (X-linked IAP) regulate apoptosis and cytokine receptor signalling, but their overlapping functions make it difficult to distinguish their individual roles. To do so, we deleted the genes for IAPs separately and in combination. While lack of any one of the IAPs produced no overt phenotype in mice, deletion of cIap1 with cIap2 or Xiap resulted in mid-embryonic lethality. In contrast, Xiap(-/-)cIap2(-/-) mice were viable. The death of cIap2(-/-)cIap1(-/-) double mutants was rescued to birth by deletion of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) receptor 1, but not TNFR2 genes. Remarkably, hemizygosity for receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (Ripk1) allowed Xiap(-/-)cIap1(-/-) double mutants to survive past birth, and prolonged cIap2(-/-)cIap1(-/-) embryonic survival. Similarly, deletion of Ripk3 was able to rescue the mid-gestation defect of cIap2(-/-)cIap1(-/-) embryos, as these embryos survived to E15.5. cIAPs are therefore required during development to limit activity of RIP kinases in the TNF receptor 1 signalling pathway.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.