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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Comparison of Serum Cystatin C and Creatinine Level Changes for Prognosis of Patients After Peripheral Arterial Angiography.
Angiology
PUBLISHED: 10-26-2014
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We compared changes in serum cystatin C (Cys C) and creatinine (sCr) levels for detecting contrast-induced acute kidney injury; 350 consecutive patients who underwent peripheral arterial angiography were prospectively enrolled. Serum Cys C and sCr levels were assayed at predefined time points after contrast-media exposure. During 1-year follow-up, major adverse events (MAEs) including all-cause mortality and dialysis were assessed. A sCr increase ?25% was not associated with MAEs, whereas a serum Cys C increase ?5% at 24 hours was associated with higher probability of MAEs (P = .010). The independent predictors of 1-year MAEs were older age (P = .004), lower prealbumin levels (P = .022), and serum Cys C increase ?5%. In patients who underwent peripheral angiography, a serum Cys C increase ?5% was an independent predictor of 1-year MAEs.
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Sequencing and characterization of the transcriptome of half-smooth tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis).
BMC Genomics
PUBLISHED: 06-04-2014
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Half-smooth tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis) is a valuable fish for aquaculture in China. This fish exhibits sexual dimorphism, particularly different growth rates and body sizes between two genders. Thus, C. semilaevis is a good model that can be used to investigate mechanisms responsible for such dimorphism, this model can also be utilized to answer fundamental questions in evolution and applied fields of aquaculture. Hence, advances in second-generation sequencing technology, such as 454 pyrosequencing, could provide a robust tool to study the genome characteristics of non-model species.
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Dissociation rates of H2 on a Ni(100) surface: the role of the physisorbed state.
Phys Chem Chem Phys
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2014
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The dissociation and recombination rates of physisorbed H2, and the total dissociation rate of gas phase H2 on the rigid Ni(100) surface, as well as the corresponding kinetic isotope effects, are calculated by using the quantum instanton method, together with path integral Monte Carlo and adaptive umbrella sampling techniques. Both the dissociation and recombination rates of physisorbed H2 are dramatically enhanced by the quantum motions of H2 at low temperatures, for instance, the quantum rates are 43 and 7.5 times larger than the classical ones at 200 K, respectively. For the dissociation of gas phase H2, at high temperatures, the H2 can fly over the physisorbed state and dissociate directly, however, at low temperatures, the H2 is first physisorbed and then dissociates under steady state approximation. The total dissociation rate of gas phase H2 can be expressed as a combination of the direct and steady state dissociation rates. It has the form of an inverted bell with a minimum value at about 400 K, and detailed analysis shows that the dissociation of gas phase H2 is dominated by a steady state process below 400 K, however, both the steady state and direct processes are important above 400 K. The calculated kinetic isotope effects reveal that H2 always has larger rates than D2 no matter which dissociative process they undergo.
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Molecular cloning, expression profiles and promoter analysis of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-4 (IGFBP-4) in Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus).
Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, Biochem. Mol. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 05-24-2014
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We cloned and characterized cDNA sequence of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-4 (IGFBP-4) from Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). The 1493 bp full-length cDNA sequence contained an open reading frame (ORF) of 780 bp, which encoded a protein of 259 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequences included a putative signal peptide of 28 amino acid residues resulting in a mature protein of 231 amino acids. Twenty cysteine residues and two conserved IGFBPs motif (GCGCCXXC and CWCV) were found in the N- and C-terminal domain. In the over 13 kbp genomic sequence, four exons, three introns, and 5'-/3'-flanking sequences were identified. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis showed that Japanese flounder IGFBP-4 was indeed the ortholog of the human IGFBP-4 gene and shared high identities with other teleost IGFBP-4 genes. The promoter region was also analyzed and several potential transcription factor (TF) binding sites were determined which may modulate the IGFBP-4 expression. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis revealed that IGFBP-4 mRNA was observed in various tissues, with intestine showing the highest expression. The maternal transcripts of IGFBP-4 gene existed in the early embryonic stages and then increased in the following stages until hatching, suggesting that IGFBP-4 may be involved in the fish early development. The expression level of IGFBP-4 mRNA was relatively higher at 3 days post hatching (dph) and 15 dph, and gradually decreased during the metamorphosis period. All these results indicated that IGFBP-4 plays a significant role in IGF regulating vertebrate growth and development.
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[Clinical characteristic and treatment of cytomegalovirus retinitis in 80 patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome].
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2014
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To investigate the clinical characteristics of cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR) in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients.
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[Evaluation of endoscopy assisted vitrectomy for the treatment of severe traumatic eyes with no light perception].
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2014
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To evaluate the effect of endoscopy assisted pars plana vitrectomy for severe ocular trauma with no light perception.
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Asymmetric multibranched conjugated molecules: synthesis, structure and photophysical properties.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc
PUBLISHED: 04-29-2014
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The symmetric multibranched ?-conjugated compounds with C3 or C6 configuration have been intensively studied. The reports on asymmetric multibranched compounds are very limited. In this work, we designed and synthesized two asymmetric multibranched ?-conjugated molecules using truxene as the central core, diphenylamino and thiophenyl (or thiophenylethynyl) groups as the different branches respectively: 2,7-di(N,N-diphenylamino)-12-(2-thiophenyl)-5,5',10,10',15,15'-hexaethyltruxene and 2,7-di(N,N-diphenylamino)-12-(2-thiophenylethynyl)-5,5',10,10',15,15'-hexaethyltruxene. Their photophysical properties have been explored combining with their theoretical calculation and X-ray single-crystal structure of a key intermediate. Though their different ?-conjugation length of branches, the two title compounds exhibit almost same absorption maxima. However, their emission peaks behave a gradual red-shift with the increase of the conjugation length. The theoretical calculation results indicate that the two asymmetric compounds behave a main transition from the HOMO-1 to the LUMO or from the HOMO to the LUMO+1 upon excited.
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Clinical and optic coherence tomography findings of focal choroidal excavation in Chinese patients.
BMC Ophthalmol
PUBLISHED: 04-24-2014
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To describe the clinical and optical coherence tomography (OCT) features of focal choroidal excavation in Chinese patients.
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Characterization of the Dmrt1 gene in the black rockfish Sebastes schlegeli revealed a remarkable sex-dimorphic expression.
Fish Physiol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2014
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The Dmrt genes encode a large family of transcription factors with a conserved zinc finger-like DNA-binding DM domain. The function of Dmrt1, one of the family members, in sexual development has been well studied in invertebrates and vertebrates. In the present study, the full-length cDNA of Dmrt1 was isolated from the testis of Sebastes schlegeli. The full-length cDNA of S. schlegeli Dmrt1 (SsDmrt1) was 1,587 bp and contained a 189-bp 5' UTR, a 489-bp 3' UTR and a 909-bp open reading frame, which encoded 302 amino acids with a conserved DM domain and an male-specific motif domain. Phylogenetic analysis showed the evolutionary relationships of SsDmrt1 with other known Dmrt genes in fish and tetrapods. Several transcriptional factor-binding sites in the 5' promoter were identified that might regulate SsDmrt1 expression. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis indicated that SsDmrt1 was expressed in all of the inspected larval developmental stages from 1 to 35 days after birth and that the level of expression gradually decreased. The expression of SsDmrt1 in adult gonads was sexually dimorphic with extremely high expression in the testis, but very low expression in the ovary. No expression was detected in other tissues. Using in situ hybridization, we demonstrated that SsDmrt1 was specifically expressed in the germ cells of both the testis and the ovary. Thus, our results suggest that SsDmrt1 may have an important role in the differentiation of both the testis and the ovary of S. schlegeli.
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Molecular characterization of heat shock protein 70 (HSP 70) promoter in Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus), and the association of Pohsp70 SNPs with heat-resistant trait.
Fish Shellfish Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2014
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Ambient temperature is one of the major abiotic environmental factors determining the main parameters of fish vital activity. HSP70 plays an essential role in heat response. In this investigation, the promoter and structure of Paralichthys olivaceus hsp70 (Pohsp70) gene was cloned and predicted. 2558 bp upstream regulatory region of Pohsp70 was annotated with four potential promoter elements and four putative binding sites of transcription factors heat shock elements (HSE, nGAAn) in the upstream of the transcription start site. In addition, one intron with 454 bp in the 5'-noncoding region was found. Quantitative Real Time PCR analysis indicated that the transcript level of Pohsp70 was raised markedly after 1 h by heat shocked. Furthermore, 25 SNPs were identified in Pohsp70 by resequencing, seven of which was associated with heat resistance. In addition, two of the seven SNPs, namely SNP14 and SNP16, were observed in strong linkage disequilibrium. The haplotype with association analysis showed TAGGAG haplotype was more represented in heat susceptible group while (DEL/T) GAATA haplotype was more frequent in heat resistant group. The heat resistant SNPs and haplotype could be candidate markers potentially serving for selective breeding programs of Japanese flounder aimed at improving anti-stress and production.
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Truxene-cored ?-expanded triarylborane dyes as single- and two-photon fluorescent probes for fluoride.
Analyst
PUBLISHED: 02-01-2014
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Fluoride anion (F(-)) significantly affects chemical, biological, and environmental processes. Fluoride recognition and detection have received increasing attention. Convenient, effective, and sensitive fluorescent probes for F(-) should urgently be designed and synthesized. In this study, we describe a strategy for constructing two triarylborane-based fluoride fluorescent probes: 2,7,12-tri(2-(5-(dimesitylboryl)thiophen-2-yl)ethynyl)-5,5',10,10',15,15'-hexaethyltruxene (C3B3) with ?-3A (acceptor) configuration and 2,7-di(N,N-diphenylamino)-12-(5-(dimesitylboryl)thiophen-2-yl)-5,5',10,10',15,15'-hexaethyltruxene (N2SB) with 2D (donor)-?-A configuration. The loss of color of the tetrahydrofuran solution of these probes from greenish yellow suggests that they can conveniently monitor F(-) at a low concentration (10 ?M) free of apparatus. The different structural features of these probes varied their fluorescent responses to F(-). The single-photon fluorescence intensity of C3B3 declined to 90% upon the addition of 4.5 equivalents of F(-) to its tetrahydrofuran solution. However, the single-photon fluorescence intensity of N2SB was enhanced six-fold upon addition of 2.5 equivalents of the F(-). Under the experimental conditions, the detection limits of the two probes for F(-) can reach 12-13 ?M (C3B3) and 3-5 ?M (N2SB). The ability of the two probes in detecting F(-) in their toluene solutions in the two-photon mode was also investigated. The sensitive two-photon fluorescence responses of both probes make them excellent two-photon fluorescence probes.
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Identification and characterization of a nanog homolog in Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus).
Gene
PUBLISHED: 06-21-2013
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The homeodomain-containing transcription factor nanog plays a key role in maintaining the pluripotency and self-renewal of embryonic stem cells in mammals. Stem cells offered as a significant and effective tool for generation of transgenic animals and preservation of genetic resources. The molecular genetic organization and expression of nanog gene in marine fish have not been reported yet. In this study, we isolated and characterized the flounder nanog gene as a first step towards understanding the mechanism of the plurpotency of fish stem cells and develop a potential molecular marker to identify the stem cells in vivo and in vitro. Phylogenetic, gene structure and chromosome synteny analysis provided the evidence that Po-nanog is homologous to the mammalian nanog gene. Protein sequence comparison showed that flounder Nanog shared low similarity with other vertebrate orthologs except for a conserved homeodomain. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis showed that flounder nanog was maternally expressed, and the transcripts were present from the one-cell stage to the neurula stage with the peaking at blastula stage. Whole mount in situ hybridization analyses demonstrated that the transcripts were present in all blastomeres of the early embryo. Tissue distribution analysis indicated that nanog was detectable only in gonads. Further, the expression was significantly high in ovary than in testis. In situ hybridization revealed that the transcripts were located in the cytoplasm of the oogonia and oocytes in ovary, only in the spermatogonia but no spermatocytes or spermatids in testis. The promoter region was also analyzed to have several basal core promoter elements and transcription factor binding sites. All these results suggest that Po-Nanog may have a conservative function between teleosts and mammals.
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Selection of reference genes for reverse transcription quantitative real-time PCR normalization in black rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli).
Mar Genomics
PUBLISHED: 06-08-2013
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Reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) is a technique widely used for quantification of mRNA transcription. Data normalization is an indispensable process for RT-qPCR and reference genes are most commonly used to normalize RT-qPCR and to reduce possible errors generated in the quantification of genes among several proposed methods. To date, RT-qPCR has been used in terms of gene expression studies in black rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli) but the majority of published RT-qPCR studies still lack proper validation of the reference genes. In the present study, mRNA transcription profiles of eight putative reference genes (18S rRNA, ACTB, GAPDH, TUBA, RPL17, EF1A, HPRT, and B2M) were examined using RT-qPCR in different tissues and larvae developmental stages of black rockfish. Three common statistical algorithms (geNorm, NormFinder, and BestKeeper) were used to assess expression stability and select the most stable genes for gene normalization. Two reference genes, RPL17 and EF1A showed high stability in black rockfish tissue analysis, while GAPDH was the least stable gene. During larvae developmental stages, EF1A, RPL17 and ACTB were identified as the optimal reference genes for data normalization, whereas B2M appeared unsuitable as the reference gene. In summary, our results could provide a useful guideline for reference gene selection and enable more accurate normalization of gene expression data in gene expression studies of black rockfish.
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Bilateral acute angle closure glaucoma as a presentation of vogt-koyanagi-harada syndrome in four chinese patients: a small case series.
Ocul. Immunol. Inflamm.
PUBLISHED: 05-29-2013
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To report the clinical features of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome presented with bilateral acute angle closure glaucoma in 4 Chinese patients.
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Quantum instanton calculation of rate constants for the C2H6 + H ? C2H5 + H2 reaction: anharmonicity and kinetic isotope effects.
Phys Chem Chem Phys
PUBLISHED: 09-29-2011
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Thermal rate constants and kinetic isotope effects for the title reaction are calculated by using the quantum instanton approximation within the full dimensional Cartesian coordinates. The obtained results are in good agreement with experimental measurements at high temperatures. The detailed investigation reveals that the anharmonicity of the hindered internal rotation motion does not influence the rate too much compared to its harmonic oscillator approximation. However, the motion of the nonreactive methyl group in C(2)H(6) significantly enhances the rates compared to its rigid case, which makes conventional reduced-dimensionality calculations a challenge. In addition, the temperature dependence of kinetic isotope effects is also revealed.
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Photodynamic therapy for symptomatic circumscribed macular choroidal hemangioma in Chinese patients.
Am. J. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2010
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To evaluate the efficacy and safety of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for macular circumscribed choroidal hemangioma in Chinese patients.
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Regional macular light sensitivity changes in myopic Chinese adults: an MP1 study.
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2010
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To investigate the variation of macular light sensitivity (MLS) in myopic Chinese adults by using microperimetry.
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Quantum instanton evaluations of surface diffusion, interior migration, and surface-subsurface transport for H/Ni.
J Chem Phys
PUBLISHED: 02-16-2010
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The quantum instanton approximation is extended to investigate dynamical processes of hydrogen on surface, from surface to subsurface, and between interior sites in nickel lattice. The path integral Monte Carlo and adaptive umbrella sampling techniques are employed to manipulate the quantum instanton formula. The free energy profiles along reaction paths, temperature dependence of free energies, and rates as well as diffusion coefficients are calculated for each process. The results manifest that the motions of nickel atoms beneath the surface have little effect on the hydrogen diffusion on Ni(111), and the hydrogen at the fcc binding site is much easier to get into bulk nickel than the one at the hcp site. The temperature dependence of free energy profiles also reveals that the hydrogen in the subsurface octahedral vacancy and interior tetrahedral vacancy becomes unstable at low temperatures, which proposes a temperature dependence of reaction mechanism. In addition, the relaxations of the lattices dramatically lower the free energy barriers except for the process of the hydrogen diffusion on Ni(111). The quantum motions of the lattice atoms affect the free energies little at 300 K, but they hinder the rates by 20%-40% compared with the classical motions of lattice atoms.
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Foveomacular schisis in juvenile X-linked retinoschisis: an optical coherence tomography study.
Am. J. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2010
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To explore the structural features of juvenile X-linked retinoschisis using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT).
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Path integral evaluation of H diffusion on Ni(100) surface based on the quantum instanton approximation.
J Chem Phys
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2009
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The diffusion coefficients for hydrogen on Ni(100) surface are calculated by using the quantum instanton approximation, together with path integral Monte Carlo and adaptive umbrella sampling techniques. The model includes 163 atoms in which the motions of the hydrogen and 25 Ni atoms are treated quantum mechanically and the left Ni atoms are considered classically. At high temperature, the predicted diffusion coefficients are in good agreement with experiments. As temperature decreases to 80 K the hydrogen tunneling begins to dominate the diffusive process and the transition temperature is found to be 70 K under which the diffusion coefficient is nearly independent of temperature. The calculations also indicate that the quantum motions of surface atoms hinder the diffusive process compared to the rigid surface and purely classical motions of surface atoms. The underlying mechanisms are extensively investigated.
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Gas injection versus vitrectomy with gas for treating retinal detachment owing to macular hole in high myopes.
Ophthalmology
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2009
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To compare the efficacy between intravitreal gas injection alone and pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with intraocular gas tamponade in treating retinal detachment due to macular hole in high myopes.
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Quantum instanton calculation of rate constant for CH4 + OH ? CH3 + H2O reaction: torsional anharmonicity and kinetic isotope effect.
J Chem Phys
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Thermal rate constants for the title reaction are calculated by using the quantum instanton approximation within the full dimensional Cartesian coordinates. The results reveal that the quantum effect is remarkable for the reaction at both low and high temperatures, and the obtained rates are in good agreement with experimental measurements at high temperatures. Compared to the harmonic approximation, the torsional anharmonic effect of the internal rotation has a little influence on the rates at low temperatures, however, it enhances the rate by about 20% at 1000 K. In addition, the free energy barriers for the isotopic reactions and the temperature dependence of kinetic isotope effects are also investigated. Generally speaking, for the title reaction, the replacement of OH with OD will reduce the free energy barrier, while substituting D for H (connected to C) will increase the free energy barrier.
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Design, synthesis and anticancer activity of N(3),N(11)-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-14-aryl-14H-dibenzo[a,j]xanthenes-3,11-dicarboxamide.
Chem. Pharm. Bull.
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A series of novel N(3),N(11)-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-14-aryl-14H-dibenzo[a,j]xanthenes-3,11-dicarboxamide, three N(3),N(11)-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-14-aryl-14H-dibenzo[a,j]xanthene-3,11-dimethanamine derivatives and their intermediates 14-aryl-14H-dibenzo[a,j]xanthenes-3,11-dicarboxylic acid, were synthesized, and the structures of which were characterized by (1)H-NMR, (13)C-NMR, high resolution (HR)-MS, and IR spectra. The antitumor activities of these molecules were evaluated on five cancer cell lines. The results of in vitro assay against human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines (SK-HEP-1 and HepG2 and SMMC-7721 cells), acute promyelocytic leukemia NB4 cells and uterine cervix cancer HeLa cells, show several compounds to be endowed with cytotoxicity in micromolar to submicromolar range. The carboxamide derivatives 6c and 6e exhibitted good inhibition on NB4 cancer cells, and the IC(50) values of which were 0.82 µM and 0.96 µM, respectively, much lower than 5.01 µM of the positive control As(2)O(3). Flow cytometric analysis results revealed that compounds 6e and 6f may induce tumor cell apoptosis.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.