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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Apigenin inhibits migration and invasion via modulation of epithelial mesenchymal transition in prostate cancer.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 10-01-2014
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The mortality rate associated with prostate cancer is mainly due to metastases rather than primary organ?confined disease. Decreasing the incidence of metastasis is important in treating prostate cancer. 4',5,7?trihydroxyflavone (apigenin) has been demonstrated to be effective in inhibiting several types of cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and mechanism of apigenin on the movement of prostate cancer cells. In the present study, DU145 cells were treated with varying concentrations of apigenin for different time periods. Cell viability was evaluated using an MTT assay. Cell motility and invasiveness were assayed using wound healing assays and a Matrigel migration and invasion assay. Flow cytometric and western blot analyses were performed to examine the cell cycle and signaling pathways. The results demonstrated that apigenin suppressed the proliferation and inhibited the migration and invasive potential of the DU145 prostate cancer cells in a dose? and time?dependent manner, which was associated with epithelial mesenchymal transition. These findings suggested that apigenin may be effective in treating human prostate cancer.
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MicroRNA-320c inhibits tumorous behaviors of bladder cancer by targeting Cyclin-dependent kinase 6.
J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 09-02-2014
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BackgroundIncreasing evidence has suggested that dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) could contribute to human disease including cancer. Previous miRNA microarray analysis illustrated that miR-320c is down-regulated in various cancers. However, the roles of miR-320c in human bladder cancer have not been well elucidated. Therefore, this study was performed to investigate the biological functions and molecular mechanisms of miR-320c in human bladder cancer cell lines, discussing whether it could be a therapeutic biomarker of bladder cancer in the future.MethodsTwo human bladder cancer cell lines and samples from thirteen patients with bladder cancer were analyzed for the expression of miR-320c by quantitative RT-PCR. Over-expression of miR-320c was established by transfecting mimics into T24 and UM-UC-3. Cell proliferation and cell cycle were assessed by cell viability assay, flow cytometry and colony formation assay. Cell motility ability was evaluated by transwell assay. The target gene of miR-320c was determined by luciferase assay, quantitative RT-PCR and western blot. The regulation of cell cycle and mobility by miR-320c was analyzed by western blot.ResultsWe observed that miR-320c was down-regulated in human bladder cancer tissues and bladder cancer cell lines T24 and UM-UC-3. Over-expression of miR-320c could induce G1 phase arrest in UM-UC-3 and T24 cells, and subsequently inhibited cell growth. We also indentified miR-320c could impair UM-UC-3 and T24 cell motility. In addition, we identified CDK6, a cell cycle regulator, as a novel target of miR-320c. Moreover, we demonstrated miR-320c could induce bladder cancer cell cycle arrest and mobility via regulating CDK6. We also observed that inhibition of miR-320c or restoration of CDK6 in miR-320c-over-expressed bladder cancer cells partly reversed the suppressive effects of miR-320c.ConclusionsmiR-320c could inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of bladder cancer cells via regulating CDK6. Our study revealed that miR-320c could be a therapeutic biomarker of bladder cancer in the future.
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Downregulation of microRNA-182-5p contributes to renal cell carcinoma proliferation via activating the AKT/FOXO3a signaling pathway.
Mol. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 05-12-2014
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Emerging evidence has suggested that dysregulation of miR-182-5p may contribute to tumor development and progression in several types of human cancers. However, its role in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is still unknown.
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Dietary carrot consumption and the risk of prostate cancer.
Eur J Nutr
PUBLISHED: 02-03-2014
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Previous studies regarding the association between carrot intake and prostate cancer risk have reported inconsistent results. We conducted a meta-analysis to summarize evidence on this association and to quantify the potential dose-response relationship.
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MicroRNA-490-5p inhibits proliferation of bladder cancer by targeting c-Fos.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
PUBLISHED: 10-31-2013
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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-protein-coding sequences that play a crucial role in tumorigenesis by negatively regulating gene expression. Here, we found that miR-490-5p is down-regulated in human bladder cancer tissue and cell lines compared to normal adjacent tissue and a non-malignant cell line. To better characterize the function of miR-490-5p in bladder cancer, we over-expressed miR-490-5p in bladder cancer cell lines with chemically synthesized mimics. Enforced expression of miR-490-5p in bladder cancer cells significantly inhibited the cell proliferation via G1-phase arrest. Further studies found the decreased c-Fos expression at both mRNA and protein levels and Luciferase reporter assays demonstrated that c-Fos is a direct target of miR-490-5p in bladder cancer. These findings indicate miR-490-5p to be a novel tumor suppressor of bladder cancer cell proliferation through targeting c-Fos.
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MicroRNA-124-3p inhibits cell migration and invasion in bladder cancer cells by targeting ROCK1.
J Transl Med
PUBLISHED: 08-12-2013
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Increasing evidence has suggested that dysregulation of certain microRNAs (miRNAs) may contribute to human disease including carcinogenesis and tumor metastasis in human. miR-124-3p is down-regulated in various cancers, and modulates proliferation and aggressiveness of cancer cells. However, the roles of miR-124-3p in human bladder cancer are elusive. Thus, this study was conducted to investigate the biological functions and its molecular mechanisms of miR-124-3p in human bladder cancer cell lines, discussing whether it has a potential to be a therapeutic biomarker of bladder cancer.
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miR-26a inhibits proliferation and motility in bladder cancer by targeting HMGA1.
FEBS Lett.
PUBLISHED: 05-09-2013
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It is increasingly clear that microRNAs play a crucial role in tumorigenesis. Recently, emerging evidence suggested that miR-26a is aberrantly expressed in tumor tissues. In our study, frequent down-regulation of miR-26a was observed in 10 human bladder cancer tissues. Forced expression of miR-26a in the bladder cancer cell line T24 inhibited cell proliferation and impaired cell motility. High mobility group AT-hook 1 (HMGA1), a gene that modulates cell cycle transition and cell motility, was verified as a novel target of miR-26a in bladder cancer. These findings indicate an important role for miR-26a in the molecular etiology of bladder cancer and implicate the potential application of miR-26a in bladder cancer therapy.
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MicroRNA-101 suppresses motility of bladder cancer cells by targeting c-Met.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2013
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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that play regulatory roles by repressing translation or cleaving RNA transcripts. Here, we report that the expression of microRNA-101 (miR-101) is down-regulated in human bladder cancer tissue versus normal adjacent tissue. To better characterize the role of miR-101 in bladder cancer, we conducted a gain-of-function analysis by transfecting the bladder cancer cell line T24 with chemically synthesized miR-101 mimics. We found that miR-101 directly targets c-Met via its 3-UTR. Specifically, forced expression of miR-101 decreased c-Met expression at both mRNA and protein levels, consequently inhibiting T24 cell migration and invasion in a c-Met-dependent manner. In conclusion, we have shown miR-101 to be a novel suppressor of T24 cell migration and invasion through its negative regulation of c-Met.
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Apigenin promotes apoptosis, inhibits invasion and induces cell cycle arrest of T24 human bladder cancer cells.
Cancer Cell Int.
PUBLISHED: 02-17-2013
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Apigenin (4,5,7-trihydroxyflavone) was recently shown effective in inhibiting several cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and mechanism of apigenin in the human bladder cancer cell line T24 for the first time.
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MicroRNA-409-3p inhibits migration and invasion of bladder cancer cells via targeting c-Met.
Mol. Cells
PUBLISHED: 02-07-2013
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There is increasing evidence suggesting that dysregulation of certain microRNAs (miRNAs) may contribute to tumor progression and metastasis. Previous studies have shown that miR-409-3p is dysregulated in some malignancies, but its role in bladder cancer is still unknown. Here, we find that miR-409-3p is down-regulated in human bladder cancer tissues and cell lines. Enforced expression of miR-409-3p in bladder cancer cells significantly reduced their migration and invasion without affecting cell viability. Bioinformatics analysis identified the pro-metastatic gene c-Met as a potential miR-409-3p target. Further studies indicated that miR-409-3p suppressed the expression of c-Met by binding to its 3-untranslated region. Silencing of c-Met by small interfering RNAs phenocopied the effects of miR-409-3p overexpression, whereas restoration of c-Met in bladder cancer cells bladder cancer cells overexpressing miR-409-3p, partially reversed the suppressive effects of miR-409-3p. We further showed that MMP2 and MMP9 may be downstream effector proteins of miR-409-3p. These findings indicate that miR-409-3p could be a potential tumor suppressor in bladder cancer.
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Diabetes mellitus and risk of bladder cancer: a meta-analysis of cohort studies.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-31-2013
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Diabetes is associated with increased risk of cancer at several sites, but its association with risk of bladder cancer is still controversial. We examined this association by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies.
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Quantitative assessment of the associations between XRCC1 polymorphisms and bladder cancer risk.
World J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2013
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The XRCC1 polymorphisms have been implicated in bladder cancer risk, but individually published studies show inconsistent results. The aim of our study was to clarify the effects of XRCC1 variants on bladder cancer risk.
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microRNA-330 inhibits cell motility by downregulating Sp1 in prostate cancer cells.
Oncol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2013
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microRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNAs, have emerged as key regulators of a large number of genes. The present study aimed to explore novel biological functions of miR-330 in the human prostate cancer cell lines DU145 and PC3. We confirmed that miR-330 was downregulated and inversely correlated with specificity protein 1 (Sp1) expression. Overexpression of miR-330 by transfection of a chemically synthesized miR-330 mimic induced a reduction in expression levels of the Sp1 protein, accompanied by significant suppression of cellular migration and invasion capability. In addition, the Sp1-knockdown experiments presented similar phenomena. Finally, the luciferase reporter assay validated Sp1 as the direct target of miR-330. These findings indicate that miR-330 acts as an anti-metastatic miRNA in prostate cancer.
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PAI-1 promoter 4G/5G polymorphism (rs1799768) contributes to tumor susceptibility: Evidence from meta-analysis.
Exp Ther Med
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Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), belonging to the urokinase plasminogen activation (uPA) system, is involved in cancer development and progression. The PAI-1 promoter 4G/5G polymorphism was shown to contribute to genetic susceptibility to cancer, although the results were inconsistent. To assess this relationship more precisely, a meta-analysis was performed. The electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched; data were extracted and analyzed independently by two reviewers. Ultimately, 21 eligible case-control studies with a total of 8,415 cancer cases and 9,208 controls were included. The overall odds ratio (OR) with its 95% confidence interval (CI) showed a statistically significant association between the PAI-1 promoter 4G/5G polymorphism and cancer risk (4G/4G vs. 5G/5G: OR=1.25, 95% CI=1.07-1.47, P(heterogeneity)=0.001; 4G/4G vs. 4G/5G+5G/5G: OR=1.10, 95% CI=1.03-1.17, P(heterogeneity)=0.194; 4G/4G+4G/5G vs. 5G/5G: OR=1.17, 95% CI=1.01-1.35, P(heterogeneity)=0.041). In further subgroup analyses, the increased risk of cancer was observed in a subgroup of Caucasians with regards to endometrial cancer. Our meta-analysis suggests that the PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism most likely contributes to susceptibility to cancer, particularly in Caucasians. Furthermore, the 4G allele may be associated with an increased risk of endometrial cancer.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.