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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
8q24 rs4242382 Polymorphism is a Risk Factor for Prostate Cancer among Multi-Ethnic Populations: Evidence from Clinical Detection in China and a Meta-analysis.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2014
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Evidence supporting an association between the 8q24 rs4242382-A polymorphism and prostate cancer (PCa) risk has been reported in North American and Europe populations, though data from Asian populations remain limited. We therefore investigated this association by clinical detection in China, and meta-analysis in Asian, Caucasian and African-American populations.
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Colorimetric and ratiometric pH responses by the protonation of phenolate within hemicyanine.
Analyst
PUBLISHED: 10-06-2014
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Compared to the nitrogen-reaction based pH optical responsive compounds, oxygen-reaction related pH sensors have attracted less attention. In this paper, hemicyanine based pH probes are designed by establishing the equilibrium between phenolate and phenol, and their reversible absorption and emission responses towards pH are evaluated. The indolium-phenol based tetramethylene hemicyanine (1a) has colorimetric responses at 455 and 578 nm due to the protonating and deprotonating processes; its emission spectra shows ratiometric changes at 594 and 654 nm with large Stokes shifts under acidic (139 nm) and basic conditions (76 nm). The bromide substituent of the hemicyanine (1b) has a lower pKa value compared with unsubstituted hemicyanine (1a), which suggests that adjustable pKa can be achieved by the modification of electron withdrawing groups. The theoretical calculations based on the density functional theory (DFT) were also used to explain the optical properties. Moreover, the in cellulo fluorescence imaging shows that the hemicyanine (1a) can be used for the detection of intracellular pH levels.
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[Preparation and pharmacokinetic evaluation of long-acting injectable oily suspensions for ophiopogonis radix polysaccharide MDG-1].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-04-2014
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To evaluate in vivo pharmacokinetics of Ophiopogonis Radix polysaccharide MDG-1 oily suspension injection prepared with different prescriptions in rats, and explore the feasibility of the long-acting drug delivery of MDG-1 Injection by using the oily suspension drug release system.
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Vitamin D Levels and Cognition in Elderly Adults in China.
J Am Geriatr Soc
PUBLISHED: 10-03-2014
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To evaluate the association between vitamin D level and cognitive impairment in individuals aged 60 and older.
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Lithium hydride doped intermediate connector for high-efficiency and long-term stable tandem organic light-emitting diodes.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
PUBLISHED: 10-02-2014
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Lithium hydride (LiH) is employed as a novel n-dopant in the intermediate connector for tandem organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) because of its easy coevaporation with other electron transporting materials. The tandem OLEDs with two and three electroluminescent (EL) units connected by a combination of LiH doped 8-hydroxyquinoline aluminum (Alq3) and 1,4,5,8,9,11-hexaazatriphenylene-hexacarbonitrile (HAT-CN) demonstrate approximately 2-fold and 3-fold enhancement in current efficiency, respectively. In addition, no extra voltage drop across the intermediate connector is observed. Particularly, the lifetime (T75%) in the tandem OLED with two and three EL units is substantially improved by 3.8 times and 7.4 times, respectively. The doping effect of LiH into Alq3, the charge injection, and transport characteristics of LiH-doped Alq3 are further investigated by ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS).
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Renormalized dispersion relations of ?-Fermi-Pasta-Ulam chains in equilibrium and nonequilibrium states.
Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys
PUBLISHED: 09-30-2014
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We study the nonlinear dispersive characteristics in ?-Fermi-Pasta-Ulam (FPU) chains in both thermal equilibrium and nonequilibrium steady state. By applying a multiple scale analysis to the FPU chain, we analyze the contribution of the trivial and nontrivial resonance to the renormalization of the dispersion relation. Our results show that the contribution of the nontrivial resonance remains significant to the renormalization, in particular, in strongly nonlinear regimes. We contrast our results with the dispersion relations obtained from the Zwanzig-Mori formalism and random phase approximation to further illustrate the role of resonances. Surprisingly, these theoretical dispersion relations can be generalized to describe dispersive characteristics well at the nonequilibrium steady state of the FPU chain with driving-damping in real space. Through numerical simulation, we confirm that the theoretical renormalized dispersion relations are valid for a wide range of nonlinearities in thermal equilibrium as well as in nonequilibrium steady state. We further show that the dispersive characteristics persist in nonequilibrium steady state driven-damped in Fourier space.
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Influence of early zoledronic acid administration on bone marrow fat in ovariectomized rats.
Endocrinology
PUBLISHED: 09-22-2014
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Although the primary target cell of bisphosphonates is the osteoclast, increasing attention is being given to other effector cells influenced by bisphosphonates, such as osteoblasts and marrow adipocytes. Early zoledronic acid (ZA) treatment to ovariectomized (OVX) rats has been found to fully preserve bone microarchitecture over time. However, little is known regarding the influence of ZA on marrow adipogenesis. The purpose of this study was to monitor the ability of early administration of ZA in restoring marrow adiposity in an estrogen-deficient rat model. Thirty female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into SHAM-operated, OVX + vehicle, and OVX + ZA groups (n=10/group). Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and water/fat MRI were performed at baseline, 6 weeks and 12 weeks after treatment to assess bone mineral density (BMD) and marrow fat fraction. Serum biochemical markers, bone remodeling and marrow adipocyte parameters were analyzed using biochemistry, histomorphometry and histopathology, respectively. The expression levels of osteoblast, adipocyte and osteoclast-related genes in bone marrow were assessed using RT-PCR. The OVX rats showed marked bone loss, first detected at 12 weeks, but estrogen deficiency resulted in a remarked increase in marrow fat fraction, first detected at 6 weeks compared with the SHAM rats (all P < 0.001). Similarly, the OVX rats had a substantially larger percent adipocyte area (+163.0%), mean diameter (+29.5%), and higher density (+57.3%) relative to the SHAM rats. Bone histomorphometry, levels of osteoclast-related gene expression and a serum resorption marker confirmed that ZA significantly suppressed bone resorption activities. Furthermore, ZA treatment returned adipocyte-related gene expression and marrow adipocyte parameters toward SHAM levels. These data suggest that a single dose of early ZA treatment acts to reverse marrow adipogenesis occurring during estrogen deficiency, which may contribute to its capacity to reduce bone loss.
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High prevalence of headaches in patients with epilepsy.
J Headache Pain
PUBLISHED: 08-23-2014
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To examine the association between headaches and epilepsy.
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Arabidopsis acyl-CoA-binding protein ACBP3 participates in plant response to hypoxia by modulating very-long-chain fatty acid metabolism.
Plant J.
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2014
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In Arabidopsis thaliana, acyl-CoA-binding proteins (ACBPs) are encoded by a family of six genes (ACBP1 to ACBP6), and are essential for diverse cellular activities. Recent investigations suggest that the membrane-anchored ACBPs are involved in oxygen sensing by sequestration of group VII ethylene-responsive factors under normoxia. Here, we demonstrate the involvement of Arabidopsis ACBP3 in hypoxic tolerance. ACBP3 transcription was remarkably induced following submergence under both dark (DS) and light (LS) conditions. ACBP3-overexpressors (ACBP3-OEs) showed hypersensitivity to DS, LS and ethanolic stresses, with reduced transcription of hypoxia-responsive genes as well as accumulation of hydrogen peroxide in the rosettes. In contrast, suppression of ACBP3 in ACBP3-KOs enhanced plant tolerance to DS, LS and ethanol treatments. By analyses of double combinations of OE-1 with npr1-5, coi1-2, ein3-1 as well as ctr1-1 mutants, we observed that the attenuated hypoxic tolerance in ACBP3-OEs was dependent on NPR1- and CTR1-mediated signaling pathways. Lipid profiling revealed that both the total amounts and very-long-chain species of phosphatidylserine (C42:2- and C42:3-PS) and glucosylinositolphosphorylceramides (C22:0-, C22:1-, C24:0-, C24:1-, and C26:1-GIPC) were significantly lower in ACBP3-OEs but increased in ACBP3-KOs upon LS exposure. By microscale thermophoresis analysis, the recombinant ACBP3 protein bound VLC acyl-CoA esters with high affinities in vitro. Further, a knockout mutant of MYB30, a master regulator of very-long-chain fatty acid (VLCFA) biosynthesis, exhibited enhanced sensitivities to LS and ethanolic stresses, phenotypes that were ameliorated by ACBP3-RNAi. Taken together, these findings suggest that Arabidopsis ACBP3 participates in plant response to hypoxia by modulating VLCFA metabolism.
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Arabidopsis membrane-associated acyl-CoA-binding protein ACBP1 is involved in stem cuticle formation.
J. Exp. Bot.
PUBLISHED: 07-22-2014
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The membrane-anchored Arabidopsis thaliana ACYL-COA-BINDING PROTEIN1 (AtACBP1) plays important roles in embryogenesis and abiotic stress responses, and interacts with long-chain (LC) acyl-CoA esters. Here, AtACBP1 function in stem cuticle formation was investigated. Transgenic Arabidopsis transformed with an AtACBP1pro::GUS construct revealed ?-glucuronidase (GUS) expression on the stem (but not leaf) surface, suggesting a specific role in stem cuticle formation. Isothermal titration calorimetry results revealed that (His)6-tagged recombinant AtACBP1 interacts with LC acyl-CoA esters (18:1-, 18:2-, and 18:3-CoAs) and very-long-chain (VLC) acyl-CoA esters (24:0-, 25:0-, and 26:0-CoAs). VLC fatty acids have been previously demonstrated to act as precursors in wax biosynthesis. Gas chromatography (GC)-flame ionization detector (FID) and GC-mass spectrometry (MS) analyses revealed that an acbp1 mutant showed a reduction in stem and leaf cuticular wax and stem cutin monomer composition in comparison with the wild type (Col-0). Consequently, the acbp1 mutant showed fewer wax crystals on the stem surface in scanning electron microscopy and an irregular stem cuticle layer in transmission electron microscopy in comparison with the wild type. Also, the mutant stems consistently showed a decline in expression of cuticular wax and cutin biosynthetic genes in comparison with the wild type, and the mutant leaves were more susceptible to infection by the necrotrophic pathogen Botrytis cinerea. Taken together, these findings suggest that AtACBP1 participates in Arabidopsis stem cuticle formation by trafficking VLC acyl-CoAs.
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Tumor-derived exosomes promote tumor progression and T-cell dysfunction through the regulation of enriched exosomal microRNAs in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Oncotarget
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2014
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Tumor-derived exosomes contain biologically active proteins and messenger and microRNAs (miRNAs). These particles serve as vehicles of intercellular communication and are emerging mediators of tumorigenesis and immune escape. Here, we isolated 30-100 nm exosomes from the serum of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) or the supernatant of TW03 cells. Increased circulating exosome concentrations were correlated with advanced lymphoid node stage and poor prognosis in NPC patients (P< 0.05). TW03-derived exosomes impaired T-cell function by inhibiting T-cell proliferation and Th1 and Th17 differentiation and promoting Treg induction by NPC cells in vitro. These results are associated with decreases in ERK, STAT1, and STAT3 phosphorylation and increases in STAT5 phosphorylation in exosome-stimulated T-cells. TW03-derived exosomes increased the proinflammatory cytokines IL-1?, IL-6, and IL-10 but decreased IFN?, IL-2, and IL-17 release from CD4+ or CD8+ T-cells. Furthermore, five commonly over-expressed miRNAs were identified in the exosomes from patient sera or NPC cells: hsa-miR-24-3p, hsa-miR-891a, hsa-miR-106a-5p, hsa-miR-20a-5p, and hsa-miR-1908. These over-expressed miRNA clusters down-regulated the MARK1 signaling pathway to alter cell proliferation and differentiation. Overall, these observations reveal the clinical relevance and prognostic value of tumor-derived exosomes and identify a unique intercellular mechanism mediated by tumor-derived exosomes to modulate T-cell function in NPC.
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Effect of Fibulin-5 on cell proliferation and invasion in human gastric cancer patients.
Asian Pac J Trop Med
PUBLISHED: 06-10-2014
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To explore the effect of Fibulin-5 expression on cell proliferation and invasion in human gastric cancer patients.
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rs10505474 and rs7837328 at 8q24 cumulatively confer risk of prostate cancer in Northern Han Chinese.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 05-13-2014
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Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified several risk variants for prostate cancer (pCa) mainly in Europeans, which need to be further verified in other racial groups. We selected six previously identified variants as candidates and to define the association with PCa in Northern Han Chinese.
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Polymorphisms of the TNFAIP3 region and Graves' disease.
Autoimmunity
PUBLISHED: 05-06-2014
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Abstract Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) is a multifactorial organ-specific autoimmune disorder, and both genetic susceptibility and environmental factors are involved in its etiology. TNFAIP3 encodes the ubiquitin-modifying enzyme (A20), a key regulator of inflammatory signaling pathways. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between TNFAIP3 gene polymorphisms and AITD in Chinese Han population. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TNFAIP3 gene locus (rs598493, rs610604 and rs661561) were detected in a set of 667 patients with AITD and 301 controls in Han Chinese population using the Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometer (MALDI-TOF-MS) Platform. Compared with those of the controls, the frequencies of GG genotype of rs598493, the AA genotype of rs610604, the allele G and GG genotype of rs661561 were significantly increased in Graves' disease (GD) patients. However, the frequencies of AG genotype of rs598493 and AC genotype of rs610604 were significantly decreased in GD patients. The ATC haplotype (rs598493, rs661561 and rs610604) was associated with a decreased risk of GD. No significant differences in the three SNPs were observed between HT patients and controls. Our study shows a clear association between the polymorphisms of TNFAIP3 gene and GD, not HT, suggesting that TNFAIP3 gene is likely to be a genetic susceptibility factor to GD.
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Curcumin treatment attenuates pain and enhances functional recovery after incision.
Anesth. Analg.
PUBLISHED: 04-24-2014
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Acute pain after surgery remains moderate to severe for 20% to 30% of patients despite advancements in the use of opioids, adjuvant drugs, and regional anesthesia. Depending on the type of surgery, 10% to 50% of patients experience persistent pain postoperatively, and there are no established methods for its prevention. Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is one of the phenolic constituents of turmeric that has been used in Eastern traditional medicine as an antiseptic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic agent. It may be effective for treating postoperative pain.
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Requirement of G?i1/3-Gab1 Signaling Complex for Keratinocyte Growth Factor-Induced PI3K-AKT-mTORC1 Activation.
J. Invest. Dermatol.
PUBLISHED: 03-30-2014
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Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), also termed as fibroblast growth factor-7, promotes proliferation, migration, and adhesion of skin keratinocytes via binding to keratinocyte growth factor receptor (KGFR) and subsequent activation of downstream signaling including the PI3K-AKT-mTORC1 pathway. Here, we found that the ?-subunits of the G proteins (G?i1/3) and growth factor receptor binding 2-associated binding protein 1 (Gab1) are required for this activation process. With KGF stimulation, G?i1/3 formed a complex with KGFR and was required for subsequent Gab1 recruitment, phosphorylation, and following PI3K-p85 activation. In addition, G?i1/3 short hairpin RNA knockdown largely inhibited KGF-induced cell proliferation, migration, and the accumulation of cyclin D1/fibronectin in cultured skin keratinocytes. Furthermore, we observed increased expression of G?i1/3 in wounded human skin and keloid skin tissues, suggesting the possible involvement of G?i1/3 in wound healing and keloid formation. Overall, we suggest that G?i1/3 proteins lie downstream of KGFR, but upstream of Gab1-mediated activation of PI3K-AKT-mTORC1 signaling, thus revealing a role for G?i proteins in mediating KGFR signaling, cell migration, and possible wound healing.Journal of Investigative Dermatology advance online publication, 11 September 2014; (2014) 0, 000-000. doi:10.1038/jid.2014.326.
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Polymorphisms of CLEC16A region and autoimmune thyroid diseases.
G3 (Bethesda)
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2014
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To investigate the association of CLEC16A gene polymorphisms and autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs). Six hundred sixty seven Han Chinese patients with AITDs were selected as study subjects, including 417 patients with Graves' disease (GD), 250 patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and 301 healthy control patients. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and the mass spectrometry technique were used to genotype five CLEC16A single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs12708716, rs12917716, rs12931878, rs2903692, and rs6498169). Higher frequency of G allele of rs6498169 CLEC16A gene in AITDs patients [P = 0.029, odds ratio (OR) 1.29 and 95% confidence interval 1.022-1.505] was observed. In addition an association between rs6498169 and HT was observed with statistical significance (P = 0.018, OR 1.335, 95% confidence interval 1.051-1.696). Furthermore, the GG haplotype containing the major allele of (rs12708716 and rs6498169) was associated with an increased risk of HT (P = 0.0148, OR 1.344). When patients with HT and controls were compared, results from the dominant and recessive models showed that the genotype frequency of rs6498169 were at borderline levels (P = 0.054 and P = 0.05), and the other four SNPs of CLEC16A gene showed no significant association with AITDs. Our results suggest that polymorphisms rs6498169 of CLEC16A gene confers susceptibility to AITDs. We therefore disclose for the first time the association of rs6498169 SNP with AITDs.
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Ectopic expression of B and T lymphocyte attenuator in gastric cancer: A potential independent prognostic factor in patients with gastric cancer.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2014
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It has been confirmed that B and T lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA; also known as CD272) is a novel co--inhibitory molecule that exhibits a critical role in restraining cell--mediated antitumor immunity. The present study aimed to investigate the expression and prognostic significance of BTLA in gastric adenocarcinoma. Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was performed to investigate BTLA expression in gastric cancer tissues and normal mucosal tissues. In total, 123 pathologically confirmed specimens were obtained from stage IIIa gastric cancers. A correlation test, Kaplan-Meier curves, and a Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to analyze the data. No BTLA staining in the normal tissues was found, while BTLA-stained gastric carcinoma cells were detected in 75.6% (93/123) of the gastric cancer specimens. High expression levels of BTLA were detected in 31.7% (39/123) of the specimens, while low expression levels were detected in 68.3% (84/123) of the specimens. High BTLA expression levels were associated with shorter survival time, as confirmed by univariate and multivariate analyses. These findings provide a basis for the concept that high BTLA expression levels in gastric cancer, identified by IHC, are an independent biomarker for the poor prognosis of patients with gastric cancer.
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Epigenetic regulation of spinal cord gene expression controls opioid-induced hyperalgesia.
Mol Pain
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2014
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The long term use of opioids for the treatment of pain leads to a group of maladaptations which includes opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH). OIH typically resolves within few days after cessation of morphine treatment in mice but is prolonged for weeks if histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity is inhibited during opioid treatment. The present work seeks to identify gene targets supporting the epigenetic effects responsible for OIH prolongation.
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Lack of association of IRF5 gene polymorphisms with autoimmune thyroid disease: a case-control study. IRF5 gene and AITD.
Ann. Endocrinol. (Paris)
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2014
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Several studies support a link between autoimmunity and interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5) gene polymorphisms. We have taken the opportunity to examine association of the autoimmune disease risk gene, the interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5) to survey its susceptibility to autoimmune thyroid disease. "A total of 667 patients with autoimmune thyroid diseases and 301 healthy controls were genotyped for rs10954213, rs2004640, rs3807306, rs752637 and rs7808907 of IRF5 gene polymorphisms". We further investigated the association between BANK1 gene and IRF5 gene in AITD patients.
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Evolution of TRP channels inferred by their classification in diverse animal species.
Mol. Phylogenet. Evol.
PUBLISHED: 02-22-2014
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The functions of TRP channels have primarily been characterized in model organisms within a limited evolutionary context. We thus characterize the TRP channels in choanoflagellate, sponge, Cnidaria, Lophotrochozoa, and arthropods to understand how they emerged during early evolution of animals and have changed during diversification of various species. As previously reported, five metazoan TRP subfamily members (TRPA, TRPC, TRPM, TRPML, and TRPV) were identified in choanoflagellates, demonstrating that they evolved before the emergence of multicellular animals. TRPN was identified in Hydra magnipapillata, and therefore emerged in the last common ancestor of Cnidaria-Bilateria. A novel subfamily member (TRPVL) was identified in Cnidaria and Capitella teleta, indicating that it was present in the last common ancestor of Cnidaria-Bilateria but has since been lost in most bilaterians. The characterization of arthropod TRP channels revealed that Daphnia pulex and insects have specifically expanded the TRPA subfamily, which diverged from the ancient TRPA1 channel gene. The diversity of TRPA channels except TRPA1 was detectable even within a single insect family, namely the ant lineage. The present study demonstrates the evolutionary history of TRP channel genes, which may have diverged in conjunction with the specific habitats and life histories of individual species.
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[Correlation of androgen receptor CAG repeats with the risks of benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer: a meta-analysis].
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 02-14-2014
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To explore the association of the androgenic receptor (AR) CAG repeats with the risks of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (PCa).
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Comorbidity between headache and epilepsy in a Chinese epileptic center.
Epilepsy Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2014
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Here we investigated the characteristics and prevalence of headaches in patients with epilepsy in a Chinese epileptic center based on the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd edition. We found that 60.14% (667/1109) of patients reported headaches. Headache was less prevalent in males (57.17%) than in females (63.75%). Interictal headaches were present in 34.62% of patients, and 139/1109 (12.53%) patients had interictal migraine, which was a higher percentage than reported in a large population-based study from the same area (9.3%) using the same screening question. In addition, 469 (70.31%) patients had postictal headache, migraine characteristics were present in 73.35% of these patients, and 15.35% also suffered from interictal migraine. Lastly, 8.85% patients had preictal headache. These results confirm that headache is very common in patients with epilepsy. Seizures often trigger postictal headaches with migraine features. The comorbidity of migraines and epilepsy should receive clinical attention, as it may influence antiepileptic drug choice, and the headache may require specific treatment.
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NDRG1 deficiency attenuates fetal growth and the intrauterine response to hypoxic injury.
Endocrinology
PUBLISHED: 01-16-2014
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Intrauterine mammalian development depends on the preservation of placental function. The expression of the protein N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) is increased in placentas of human pregnancies affected by fetal growth restriction and in hypoxic primary human trophoblasts, where NDRG1 attenuates cell injury. We sought to assess the function of placental NDRG1 in vivo and tested the hypothesis that NDRG1 deficiency in the mouse embryo impairs placental function and consequently intrauterine growth. We found that Ndrg1 knock-out embryos were growth restricted in comparison to wild-type or heterozygous counterparts. Furthermore, hypoxia reduced the survival of female, but not male, knock-out embryos. Ndrg1 deletion caused significant alterations in placental gene expression, with a marked reduction in transcription of several lipoproteins in the placental labyrinth. These transcriptional changes were associated with reduced fetal:maternal serum cholesterol ratio exclusively in hypoxic female embryos. Collectively, our findings indicate that NDRG1 promotes fetal growth and regulates the metabolic response to intrauterine hypoxic injury in a sexually dichotomous manner.
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Targeted migration of mesenchymal stem cells modified with CXCR4 to acute failing liver improves liver regeneration.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2014
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To improve the colonization rate of transplanted mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the liver and effect of MSC transplantation for acute liver failure (ALF).
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Hydroxyapatite-Coated Sillicone Rubber Enhanced Cell Adhesion and It May Be through the Interaction of EF1? and ?-Actin.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Silicone rubber (SR) is a common soft tissue filler material used in plastic surgery. However, it presents a poor surface for cellular adhesion and suffers from poor biocompatibility. In contrast, hydroxyapatite (HA), a prominent component of animal bone and teeth, can promote improved cell compatibility, but HA is an unsuitable filler material because of the brittleness in mechanism. In this study, using a simple and economical method, two sizes of HA was applied to coat on SR to counteract the poor biocompatibility of SR. Surface and mechanical properties of SR and HA/SRs confirmed that coating with HA changes the surface topology and material properties. Analysis of cell proliferation and adhesion as well as measurement of the expression levels of adhesion related molecules indicated that HA-coated SR significantly increased cell compatibility. Furthermore, mass spectrometry proved that the biocompatibility improvement may be related to elongation factor 1-beta (EF1?)/?-actin adjusted cytoskeletal rearrangement.
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Osteopontin (OPN) is an important protein to mediate improvements in the biocompatibility of C ion-implanted silicone rubber.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Medical device implants are drawing increasing amounts of interest from modern medical practitioners. However, this attention is not evenly spread across all such devices; most of these implantable devices can cause adverse reactions such as inflammation, fibrosis, thrombosis, and infection. In this work, the biocompatibility of silicone rubber (SR) was improved through carbon (C) ion implantation. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) results confirmed that these newly generated carbon-implanted silicone rubbers (C-SRs) had large, irregular peaks and deep valleys on their surfaces. The water contact angle of the SR surface decreased significantly after C ion implantation. C ion implantation also changed the surface charge distribution, silicone oxygen rate, and chemical-element distribution of SR to favor cell attachment. The dermal fibroblasts cultured on the surface C-SR grew faster and showed more typical fibroblastic shapes. The expression levels of major adhesion proteins, including talin-1, zyxin, and vinculin, were significantly higher in dermal fibroblasts cultured on C-SR coated plates than in dermal fibroblasts cultured on SR. Those same dermal fibroblasts on C-SRs showed more pronounced adhesion and migration abilities. Osteopontin (OPN), a critical extracellular matrix (ECM) protein, was up-regulated and secreted from dermal fibroblasts cultured on C-SR. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) activity was also increased. These cells were highly mobile and were able to adhere to surfaces, but these abilities were inhibited by the monoclonal antibody against OPN, or by shRNA-mediated MMP-9 knockdown. Together, these results suggest that C ion implantation significantly improves SR biocompatibility, and that OPN is important to promote cell adhesion to the C-SR surface.
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Association between APOC1 polymorphism and Alzheimer's disease: a case-control study and meta-analysis.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Previous association studies examining the relationship between the APOC1 polymorphism and susceptibility to Alzheimer's disease (AD) have shown conflicting results, and it is not clear if an APOC1 variant acts as a genetic risk factor in AD etiology across multiple populations.
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[The relationship between socioeconomic status and overweight and obesity among elementary school children in China].
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-30-2013
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To analyze the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and overweight and obesity among elementary school children.
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[Prosapogenin A inhibits cell growth of MCF7 via downregulating STAT3 and glycometabolism-related gene].
Yao Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 12-24-2013
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This study is to investigate the inhibitory effect and mechanism of prosapogenin A (PSA) on MCF7. MTT assay was performed to determine the inhibitory effect of PSA on MCF7 cells. PI/Hoechst 33342 double staining was used to detect cell apoptosis. RT-PCR was used to test the mRNA levels of STAT3, GLUT1, HK and PFKL. Western blotting was performed to determine the expression of STAT3 and pSTAT3 protein in MCF7 cells. The results showed that PSA could dose-dependently inhibit cell growth of MCF7 followed by IC50 of 9.65 micrmol x L(-1) and promote cell apoptosis of MCF7. Reduced mRNA levels of STAT3, HK and PFKL were observed in MCF7 cells treated with 5 micromol x L(-1) of PSA. PSA also decreased the level of pSTAT3 protein. STAT3 siRNA caused decrease of mRNA of GLUT1, HK and PFKL which indicated STAT3 could regulate the expressions of GLUT1, HK and PFKL. The results suggested that PSA could inhibit cell growth and promote cell apoptosis of MCF7 via inhibition of STAT3 and glycometabolism-related gene.
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[A cross-sectional survey on the efficacy of China Healthy Lifestyle for All in 2012].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-17-2013
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To study the efficacy of China Healthy Lifestyle for All (CHLA).
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[Genetic diversity of picoeukaryotic phytoplankton in the lakes along the middle-lower reaches of the Yangtze River].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 12-03-2013
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The genetic diversity of picoeukaryotic phytoplankton in the 30 lakes along the middle-lower reaches of the Yangtze River was studied using flow cytometry combined with terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP). The objectives of this study were to confirm the variance in the genetic diversity of picoeukaryotic phytoplankton among the lakes and to reveal its main affecting factors. Though the lakes investigated tended to or already were eutrophic, T-RFLP profiles of 18S rRNA gene fragments from picoeukaryotic phytoplankton showed high diversity. There were altogether 197 T-RFs detected from the lakes that we investigated, with 89 of them obtained in less than 3 lakes. Cluster analysis indicated their similarity was lower than 80%. Shannon-wiener diversity index showed that mesotrophic lakes contained more diverse picoeukaryotic phytoplankton community than eutrophic lakes. The canonical correspondence analysis revealed that the concentration of the total nitrogen had the most important impact on the picoeukaryotic phytoplankton communities (P =0. 006). The results showed that the genetic diversity of picoeukaryotic phytoplankton in the lakes were of great environmental heterogeneity and closely related to the trophic status. Two CCA axes can only explain 10.0% of the total variance in picoeukaryotic phytoplankton composition, suggesting that the evolution of picoeukaryotic phytoplankton was probably connected to the top-down manipulation as well.
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Endogenous cystathionine-gamma-lyase/hydrogen sulfide pathway regulates apoptosis of HepG2 cells.
Yao Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 11-06-2013
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This study is to investigate the role of endogenous CSE/H2S in regulating apoptosis of HepG2 cells. MTT and Trypan blue assay were performed to determine the effect of CSE inhibitor PAG and CSE siRNA on proliferation of HepG2. Production of H2S from HepG2 cells was assessed spectrophotometrically using N, N-dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine-dihydrochloride. Cells apoptosis was detected by means of double staining of Hoechst 33342 and PI with Array Scan V(TI)HCS600 High-Contents. Dihydroethidine (DHE) and 2, 7-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) assay was used to determine intracellular superoxide anion and ROS level. Reduced glutathione (GSH) was determined by OxiSelect Total Glutathione Assay Kit. Recombinant plasmid pcDNA 3.1/myc-His(-)-CSE was constructed and transfected into 293T cells to rescue the ROS and GSH level to further investigate the effect of CSE/H2S on ROS and GSH. Western blotting was performed to test the effect of CSE siRNA on expression of activated caspase 3 and p-AKT and Nrf2 protein. The results showed that PAG and CSE siRNA could significantly decrease the production of H2S in HepG2 cells and inhibit the proliferation of HepG2 cells at a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner, respectively. PAG and CSE siRNA could promote the cell apoptosis of HepG2 cells. Moreover, PAG and CSE siRNA induced increased ROS generation and depletion of the critical antioxidant GSH and recombinant plasmid pcDNA 3.1/myc-His(-)-CSE rescued the level of ROS and GSH. Meanwhile, CSE siRNA increased the expression of activated caspase 3, but CSE siRNA did not affect the expression of p-AKT and Nrf2. These results suggested that the CSE/H2S pathway was involved in suppression of HepG2 cell growth and promoted apoptosis of HepG2 cells in an oxidative stress-dependent manner.
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Aqueous solution-processed GeO2: an anode interfacial layer for high performance and air-stable organic solar cells.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2013
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A simple and cheap method for depositing solution-processed GeO2 (sGeO2) film is proposed utilizing the weak solubility of GeO2 in water. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis reveals that a pure GeO2 thin film can be formed by casting its aqueous solution. This method can avoid the difficulty of vacuum evaporation by its high melting point. The sGeO2 film has been used successfully as an anode interfacial layer in poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and indene-C60 bisadduct (IC60BA)-based bulk heterojunction organic solar cells with improved power conversion efficiency and device stability compared with that using conventional poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly (styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS); the improvement of the power conversion efficiency and the device stability are estimated to be 9% and 50%, respectively. The calculations of optical intensity in a whole cell demonstrate that a thin layer of sGeO2 could function as an optical spacer in the based bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic solar cells (OSCs) for enhancing the light harvesting in the active layer. Interfacial evaluation by impedance spectroscopy shows that the sGeO2-based cell exists less charge carrier recombination and lower contact resistance. More importantly, the sGeO2 film processing is very simple and environmentally friendly, which has potential applications in green and low-cost organic electronics in the future.
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[Economic costs of both overweight and obesity among Chinese urban and rural residents, in 2010].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-16-2013
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Using the latest available data to estimate the direct economic burden of overweight and obesity in China.
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[A novel treatment regimen for acute liver failure based on a combination of mesenchymal stem cells transplantation and IL-lRa-loaded chitosan nanoparticles].
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-12-2013
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To evaluate whether a combination therapy using allogeneic mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) chitosan nanoparticles is more robust than MSC transplantation alone for treating acute liver failure and to investigate the mechanisms of the improved therapeutic effect using a swine model system.
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A Tetramethylpyrazine Piperazine Derivate CXC137 Prevents Cell Injury in SH-SY5Y Cells and Improves Memory Dysfunction of Rats with Vascular Dementia.
Neurochem. Res.
PUBLISHED: 09-05-2013
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We investigated the effects of CXC137, a tetramethylpyrazine piperazine derivate, on cell damage induced by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) in human derived neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y) and its effect on memory dysfunction of rats with vascular dementia. It was found that the presence of CXC137 increased SH-SY5Y cells viability by inhibition of cell apoptosis induced by NMDA. These effects of CXC137 were accompanied by increases of the antioxidant superoxide dismutase activity and the level of reduced glutathione, and a decrease of lipid peroxidation product, malondialdehyde. The presence of CXC137 also showed to produce strong inhibition of cellular lactate dehydrogenase leakage, cell apoptosis and intracellular calcium overload. In a vascular dementia rat model established by bilateral common carotid arteries occlusion, treatment with CXC137 from 2 to 35 day of post-operation significantly improves the motor performance, spatial learning and memory capability of rats in both the prehensile traction test and Morris water maze test, an effect that was companied by reductions of the animal glutamic acid levels and the degree of brain mitochondrial swelling. These results suggest that CXC137 can improve the memory dysfunction in dementia and thus has important therapeutic potential for the treatment of dementia.
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[Association of TET2, LMTK2 and FAM84B gene expression with prostate cancer risk in Chinese patients].
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-30-2013
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To explore the association between the common variations of TET2 (rs7679673, A), MTK2 (rs6465657, T) and FAM84B (rs12543663, C) genes and prostate cancer (Pca) risk in Chinese population in Beijing, and to understand the relationship between genotypes and phenotypes including clinical characteristics and life style, etc. in patients with prostate cancer.
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Clinical factors associated with postictal headache in Chinese patients with partial epilepsy.
Seizure
PUBLISHED: 08-24-2013
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To investigate the incidence of postictal headache (PIH) and the factors potentially related to the occurrence of PIH in a Chinese epileptic center.
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[Effects of simulated elevation of atmospheric CO2 concentration on the physiological features of spring phytoplankton in Taihu Lake].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 08-17-2013
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To disclose the impact of different CO2 concentrations (270 x 10(-6), 380 x 10(-6), 750 x 10(-6)) on physiological features of spring phytoplankton, an in situ simulated experiment was carried out in Meiliang Bay of Taihu Lake from 29 April to 26 May in 2012. The results showed that atmospheric CO2 elevation would significantly alter the pH value and carbonate chemical environments of Taihu Lake, resulting in weakening the advantages of carbon concentrating mechanism (CCM) of phytoplankton. Phytoplankton in Taihu Lake tended to use more dissolved CO2 (CO2, aq) due to the deliberate CO2 sequestration under the high CO2 level treatment. When atmospheric CO2 concentration doubles at the end of century, the maximum growth rate constant of phytoplankton (U(max)), NPP, chlorophyll a (Chl-a)-specific NPP would increase by 63.1%, 69.6% and 33.8%, respectively. Atmospheric CO2 elevation promoted the maximum photosynthetic efficiency of chlorophyta and bacillariophyta in Taihu Lake and its promotion effect on bacillariophyta was more notable than that on chlorophyta. However, it did not change the photosynthetic efficiency of cyanobacteria which was very low in spring. Meanwhile, the stoichiometry value of phytoplankton changed significantly due to the CO2 elevation, as phytoplankton cells assimilated more C and N, but less P under the treatment of high CO2 level. Our results indicated the enhanced CO2 level could dramatically change the physiological features of phytoplankton. This information would help us to understand and predict the response of phytoplankton in Taihu Lake to the future climate change.
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Downregulation of miR-183 inhibits apoptosis and enhances the invasive potential of endometrial stromal cells in endometriosis.
Int. J. Mol. Med.
PUBLISHED: 07-24-2013
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Endometriosis is a common gynecological disease, yet its pathogenesis remains poorly understood. Recent studies have demonstrated that the aberrant expression of certain microRNAs (miRNAs) may correlate with the development and progression of endometriosis. In this study, we profiled several differentially expressed miRNAs in the normal, eutopic and ectopic endometrium by miRNA microarray screening analysis, among which, miR-183 was found to be downregulated in the ectopic and eutopic tissues, and the result was further confirmed by real-time PCR (qPCR). Functional analysis indicated that miR-183 plays a promotional role in endometrial stromal cell (ESC) apoptosis and has a negative regulatory impact on the invasive ability of cells, although it has no effect on ESC proliferation. Ovarian steroids (17?-estradiol and progesterone) and inflammatory factors (tumor necrosis factor-? and interleukin-6) decreased the expression of miR-183 in the ESCs. This regulatory function may further manifest the growth and invasive potential of ESCs by altering the expression of miR-183. These findings suggest that the downregulation of miR-183 expression is involved in the development and progression of endometriosis.
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Enriched environment induces higher CNPase positive cells in aged rat hippocampus.
Neurosci. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 07-06-2013
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It had been reported that enriched environment was beneficial for the brain cognition and for the neurons and synapses in hippocampus. Previous study reported that the oligodendrocyte density in hippocampus was increased when the rats were reared in the enriched environment from weaning to adulthood. However, biological conclusions based on density were difficult to interpret because the changes in density could be due to an alteration of total quantity and/or an alteration in the reference volume. In the present study, we used unbiased stereological methods to investigate the effect of enriched environment on the total number of 2,3-cyclic nucleotide 3-phosphodiesterase (CNPase) positive cells in CA1 and dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus in aged rats. Our results indicated that there was significant difference in the total numbers of CNPase positive cells in both CA1 and DG between enriched environment group and standard environment group. The present study provided the first evidence for the protective effects of enriched environment on the CNPase positive cells in aged hippocampus.
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Susceptibility loci associations with prostate cancer risk in northern Chinese men.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 06-28-2013
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KLK3 gene products, like human prostate-specific antigen (PSA), are important biomarkers in the clinical diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa). G protein-coupled receptor RFX6, C2orf43 and FOXP4 signaling plays important roles in the development of PCa. However, associations of these genes with PCa in northern Chinese men remain to be detailed. This study aimed to investigate their impact on occurrence and level of malignancy.
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[Use of flow cytometric sorting to assess the diversity of eukaryotic picophytoplankton of lakes].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 06-27-2013
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A novel approach based on flow cytometric sorting followed by construction of 18S rRNA clone libraries was used to study the diversity of eukaryotic picophytoplankton of lakes. The composition of eukaryotic picophytoplankton community appeared highly variable in three lakes. Eukaryotic picophytoplankton was dominated by Cryptophyta in the Lake Xuanwu, and was mainly composed of Cryptophyta and Chrysophyta in the Lake Zixia. In the Lake Taihu, four phyla were discovered, including Cryptophyta, Chrysophyta, Bacillariophyta and Chlorophyta. Meanwhile, the diversity of eukaryotic picophytoplankton differed in various lake regions. In the Meiliang Bay, Chrysophyta was the dominant, and the other three phyla were found in the Gonghu Bay. In the central lake, all of those four phyla were discovered, implying this region contained the highest diversity. The canonical correspondence analysis between the diversity of eukaryotic picophytoplankton and environmental factors revealed the concentration of total phosphorus had the highest important impact on the eukaryotic picophytoplankton communities.
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[Influence of repeatedly injecting platelet-rich plasma on survival and quality of fat grafts in nude mice].
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 06-14-2013
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To study the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the survival and quality of fat grafts in the nude mice so as to provide a method and the experimental basis for clinical practice.
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Epigenetic regulation of spinal CXCR2 signaling in incisional hypersensitivity in mice.
Anesthesiology
PUBLISHED: 06-13-2013
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The regulation of gene expression in nociceptive pathways contributes to the induction and maintenance of pain sensitization. Histone acetylation is a key epigenetic mechanism controlling chromatin structure and gene expression. Chemokine CC motif receptor 2 (CXCR2) is a proinflammatory receptor implicated in neuropathic and inflammatory pain and is known to be regulated by histone acetylation in some settings. The authors sought to investigate the role of histone acetylation on spinal CXCR2 signaling after incision.
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M2-polarized tumor-associated macrophages promoted epithelial-mesenchymal transition in pancreatic cancer cells, partially through TLR4/IL-10 signaling pathway.
Lab. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 06-10-2013
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M2-polarized tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are key regulators of the link between inflammation and cancer. A negative correlation between infiltration intensity of M2-polarized TAMs and prognosis of pancreatic cancer has been reported. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important biological process in the progression of primary tumors toward metastasis. Inflammation-induced EMT has been previously shown, therefore, we hypothesized M2-polarized TAMs could induce EMT in pancreatic cancer. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling has an active role in tumor progression during chronic inflammation and the receptor is primarily expressed on macrophages. Activation of TLR4 on M2-polarized TAMs stimulates an increase in the cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10); consequently, another aim was to investigate the potential role of TLR4/IL-10 signaling in the EMT of pancreatic cancer. Treatment with IL-4 (20?ng/ml) for 24?h successfully induced the polarization of macrophage cell line RAW 264.7 to M2 phenotype, IL-10(high), IL-12(low), and IL-23(low), and high expression of CD204 and CD206. A coculture system allowed investigation of the roles of M2-polarized TAMs and TLR4/IL-10 signaling in the EMT of Panc-1 and BxPC-3 pancreatic cancer cell lines. Our results showed that coculture with M2-polarized TAMs increased fibroblastic morphology, upregulated mesenchymal markers vimentin and snail at the mRNA and protein levels, and increased proliferation, migration, and metalloproteinase (MMP)2 and MMP9 proteolytic activity in pancreatic cancer cells. Simultaneously, coculture with M2-polarized TAMs decreased the expression of the epithelial marker E-cadherin. Coculture with pancreatic cancer cells increased TLR4 mRNA and protein expression in M2-polarized TAMs. Application of TLR4 siRNA and neutralizing antibodies against TLR4 and IL-10 markedly inhibited E-cadherin reduction and the upregulation of snail and vimentin. Furthermore, activation of TLR4 signaling by lipopolysaccharide profoundly increased the EMT of pancreatic cancer cells. In conclusion, M2-polarized TAMs promoted EMT in pancreatic cancer cells partially through TLR4/IL-10 signaling, suggesting novel therapeutic strategies and enhancing our understanding of M2-polarized TAMs.
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Association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the STAT3 gene with autoimmune thyroid disease in Chinese individuals.
Funct. Integr. Genomics
PUBLISHED: 05-20-2013
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The aim of this study was to investigate the association between signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) polymorphisms and autoimmune thyroid diseases and clinical features. We genotyped six single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs1053005, rs2293152, rs744166, rs17593222, rs2291281, and rs2291282 of STAT3 gene in 667 patients with autoimmune thyroid disease (417 Graves disease (GD) and 250 Hashimotos thyroiditis (HT)) and 301 healthy controls. The allele A from rs1053005 was significantly less frequent in both GD and HT patients (P?=?0.0024, OR?=?0.6958, 95%CI?=?0.5508-0.8788; P?=?0.0091, OR?=?0.7013, 95%CI?=?0.5397-0.9112, respectively). The AA genotype of rs1053005 was less in GD and HT patients too (P?=?0.0025,OR?=?0.6278, 95%CI?=?0.466-0.847) and (P?=?0.0036,OR?=?0.601, 95%CI?=?0.428-0.843). The allele G from rs17593222 increased the susceptibility to the ophthalmopathy development both in autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) and GD patients (P?=?0.0007, OR?=?3.980, 95%CI?=?1.871-8.464; P?=?0.0081, OR?=?3.378, 95%CI?=?1.441-7.919, respectively). The allele A and AA genotype of SNP rs1053005 may protect individuals from the susceptibility to AITD and their frequency decreased in AITD patients. In addition, the allele G of rs17593222 may increase the ophthalmopathy risk in AITD patients. Our findings suggest the existence of association between STAT3 gene and AITD, thus adding STAT3 gene to the list of the predisposing genes to AITD.
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Transformation of anti-estrogenic-activity related dissolved organic matter in secondary effluents during ozonation.
Water Res.
PUBLISHED: 05-13-2013
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Anti-estrogenic activity of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in reclaimed water is gaining increasing attention. In this study, anti-estrogenic activity removal efficiency by ozonation in the tertiary treatment process of domestic wastewater was investigated. The anti-estrogenic activity in the secondary effluents used in this study ranged between 0.95 and 2.00 mg-TAM L(-1) and decreased significantly after ozonation. The removal efficiency of anti-estrogenic activity at a dose of 10 mg-O3 L(-1) was 65-87%. The removal of the anti-estrogenic activity was highly correlated with the removal of UV254, suggesting that UV254 can be used as a surrogate for anti-estrogenic activity during ozonation. The results of size exclusion chromatography of the wastewater samples during ozonation showed that the UV254 absorbance of the DOM fraction with large apparent molecular weight (MW) around 7.6 k Da dropped significantly, and the DOM fraction was suspected to be humic substances which have been previously identified as anti-estrogenic constituents in secondary effluents. The excitation emission matrix fluorescence spectra of the wastewater samples proved that humic substances existed in the DOM and indeed reacted with the ozone. With the help of two-dimensional correlation of Fourier transform infrared, it was confirmed that the aromatic structures in the DOM were largely destroyed by ozonation. Therefore, it was suggested that the destruction of the aromatic structures in the DOM was related to the removal of the anti-estrogenic activity.
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Reversal of multidrug resistance by 5,5-dimethoxylariciresinol-4-O-?-D-glucoside in doxorubicin-resistant human leukemia K562/DOX.
Indian J Pharmacol
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2013
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The objective of this study was to investigate the reversal effects of 5,5-dimethoxylariciresinol-4-O-?-D-glucoside (DMAG) extracted from traditional Chinese medicines Mahonia on multidrug resistance (MDR) of human leukemia cells to chemotherapeutic agents.
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Plasmon resonance enhanced optical absorption in inverted polymer/fullerene solar cells with metal nanoparticle-doped solution-processable TiO2 layer.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
PUBLISHED: 04-02-2013
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This paper investigates the effects of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) in an inverted polymer/fullerene solar cell by incorporating Au and/or Ag nanoparticles (NPs) into the TiO2 buffer layer. Enhanced light harvesting via plasmonic resonance of metal NPs has been observed. It results in improved short-circuit current density (Jsc) while the corresponding open-circuit voltage (Voc) is maintained. A maximum power conversion efficiency of 7.52% is obtained in the case of introducing 30% Ag NPs into the TiO2, corresponding to a 20.7% enhancement compared with the reference device without the metal NPs. The device photovoltaic characteristics, photocurrent properties, steady-state and dynamic photoluminescences of active layer on metal NP-doped TiO2, and electric field profile in metal NP-doped TiO2 layers are systematically investigated to explore how the plasmonic effects of Au and/or Ag NPs influence the OSC performance.
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Prosapogenin A induces apoptosis in human cancer cells in vitro via inhibition of the STAT3 signaling pathway and glycolysis.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2013
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Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is considered to be an oncogene. Blocking STAT3 signaling may induce growth arrest and apoptosis in different types of tumors. Cancer cells utilize the glycolytic pathway to maintain cell growth even when adequate oxygen is present. Glycolysis inhibition is a potential therapeutic modality. In the present study, the effects of Prosapogenin A (PSA) from the traditional Chinese medicine, Veratrum, on apoptosis, the STAT3 signaling pathway and glycometabolism in cancer cells were investigated. The results indicated that PSA induced growth inhibition and apoptosis in HeLa, HepG2 and MCF-7 cells. PSA inhibited the STAT3 signaling pathway and modulated the expression of glycometabolism-related genes. The results indicate that the inhibition of the STAT3 signaling and glycometabolism pathways contributes to the PSA-mediated apoptosis of HeLa, HepG2 and MCF-7 cells.
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Clinicopathologic significance of putative stem cell marker, CD44 and CD133, in human gastric carcinoma.
J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2013
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CD44 and CD133 have been reported as putative stem cell markers. However, the clinicopathologic significance of CD44 and CD133 expression in patients with gastric carcinoma (GC) has not been clearly elucidated.
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Identification of anaplastic lymphoma kinase break points and oncogenic mutation profiles in acral/mucosal melanomas.
Pigment Cell Melanoma Res
PUBLISHED: 02-19-2013
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Acral and mucosal melanomas, the two most common subtypes of melanoma in China, exhibit different genetic alterations and biologic behavior compared with other subtypes of melanomas. The purpose of this study was to identify the genetic alterations in patients with acral or mucosal melanomas in southern China. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase PCR (qRT-PCR) were used to assess the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) break points. Furthermore, a mass spectrometry-based genotyping platform was used to analyze 30 acral melanomas and 28 mucosal melanomas to profile 238 known somatic mutations in 19 oncogenes. ALK break points were identified in four acral cases (6.9%). Eight (13.8%) cases harbored BRAF mutations, six (10.3%) had NRAS mutations, four (6.9%) had KIT mutations, two (3.5%) had EGFR mutations, two (3.5%) had KRAS mutations, two (3.5%) had MET mutations, one (1.7%) had an HRAS mutation, and one (1.7%) had a PIK3CA mutation. Two cases exhibited co-occurring mutations, and one case with a BRAF mutation had a translocation in ALK. This study represents a comprehensive and concurrent analysis of the major recurrent oncogenic mutations involved in melanoma cases from southern China. These data have implications for both clinical trial designs and therapeutic strategies.
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The prognostic value of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 in non-small-cell lung cancer patients.
Med. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2013
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Our previous studies have shown that platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1), a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily, is a critical mediator of anchorage-independent growth and anoikis resistance in lung carcinoma cells. The purpose of this study was to analyze the protein expression of PECAM-1 in non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) tissues and its clinical significance in NSCLC patients. By immunohistochemical analysis, high microvessel density (MVD) of PECAM-1 was detected in the stromal tissues of NSCLC. The MVD of PECAM-1 was strongly correlated with the N stage (p = 0.029), M stage (p = 0.001) and clinical stage (p = 0.001) of NSCLC patients. Survival analysis revealed high MVD of PECAM-1 in both primary NSCLC lesions and metastatic lymph node tissues, and these results were found to be significantly correlated with poor overall survival in NSCLC patients (p < 0.001 and p = 0.021, respectively). Moreover, patients with high PECAM-1 MVD had worse overall survival in either adenocarcinoma or EGFR mutation subgroups. Multivariate analysis revealed that the MVD of PECAM-1 was an independent prognostic factor for NSCLC patients. The MVD of PECAM-1 is also a potential predictor for NSCLC patients treated with first-line platinum-based doublet chemotherapy, as high PECAM-1 MVD correlated with worse overall survival. Our results demonstrated that MVD of PECAM-1 could be a potential prognostic factor and therapeutic target in NSCLC.
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Effects of xenogeneic adipose-derived stem cell transplantation on acute-on-chronic liver failure.
HBPD INT
PUBLISHED: 02-09-2013
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Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are particularly attractive in future clinical applications of stem cell-based therapy for acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). This study was undertaken to evaluate the therapeutic potential of ADSCs on ACLF.
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Dietary sodium intake: knowledge, attitudes and practices in Shandong Province, China, 2011.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2013
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To investigate the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) for dietary sodium intake among adult residents of Shandong Province, China.
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Administration of IL-1Ra chitosan nanoparticles enhances the therapeutic efficacy of mesenchymal stem cell transplantation in acute liver failure.
Arch. Med. Res.
PUBLISHED: 02-06-2013
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To investigate the synergistic effect of IL-1Ra administration and stem cell transplantation in swine suffering from acute liver failure (ALF), to elucidate the mechanism of IL-1Ra activity and to demonstrate mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation as a potential treatment for ALF.
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Effects of chemical agent injections on genotoxicity of wastewater in a microfiltration-reverse osmosis membrane process for wastewater reuse.
J. Hazard. Mater.
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2013
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With combined microfiltration (MF)/ultrafiltration (UF) and reverse osmosis (RO) process being widely used in municipal wastewater reclamation, RO concentrate with high level genotoxicity is becoming a potential risk to water environment. In this study, wastewater genotoxicity in a MF-RO process for municipal wastewater reclamation and also the effects of chemical agent injections were evaluated by SOS/umu genotoxicity test. The genotoxicity of RO concentrate ranged 500-559 ?g 4-NQO (4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide)/L and 12-22 ?g 4-NQO/mg DOC, was much higher than that of RO influent. Further research suggested that Kathon biocide was a key chemical agent associated with the genotoxicity increase. Kathon biocide used in RO system was highly genotoxic in vitro and Kathon biocide retained in RO system could contribute to a higher genotoxicity of RO concentrate. Hence, treatments for biocides before discharging are necessary. Chlorination of secondary effluent could significantly decrease the genotoxicity and increasing chlorine dosage could be an efficacious method to decrease the genotoxicity of RO concentrate. According to the result of the experiment, the dosage of chlorine in dual-membrane process could be set to about 2.5 mg Cl?/L. The effect of antiscalant (2-phosphomobutane-1,2,4-tricarboxylic acid) was also investigated; it turned out to have no effect on genotoxicity.
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Effect evaluation of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist nanoparticles for mesenchymal stem cell transplantation.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2013
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To study the efficacy of marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) transplantation combined with interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) for acute liver failure (ALF).
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Time-varying pattern of recurrence risk for gastric cancer patients.
Med. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 01-18-2013
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This study analyzed the time-varying pattern of the recurrence risk for gastric cancer after surgery. A total of 1,222 gastric patients undergoing D2 resection surgery were studied retrospectively. The annual recurrence hazard curve for all of the populations showed one early peak and a late rise within 10 years after the surgery. The first major recurrence peak covers the first 3 years after the surgery, rising to a maximum at 1.5 years after surgery, followed by a decline until 7.5 years after the surgery, at which point the curve began to rise again. A subgroup analysis of this pattern also revealed that the curves of the patients with bigger tumors, poorly differentiated/undifferentiated adenocarcinomas, lymphatic/venous invasion, T3 and T4, node positive or with fewer lymph nodes retrieved were steeper. Chemotherapy can reduce the hazard rate for recurrence of gastric cancer. Our study confirms the time-varying pattern of the recurrence risk for gastric cancer, and it further supports the hypothesis of tumor dormancy after surgery. To effectively reduce the recurrence risk, new adjuvant therapies beyond chemotherapy may be needed.
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Ecological risk of estrogenic endocrine disrupting chemicals in sewage plant effluent and reclaimed water.
Environ. Pollut.
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2013
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The long-term ecological risk of micropollutants, especially endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) has threatened reclaimed water quality. In this study, estrogenic activity and ecological risk of eight typical estrogenic EDCs in effluents from sewage plants were evaluated. The estrogenic activity analysis showed that steroidal estrogens had the highest estrogenic activity (ranged from 10(-1) to 10(3) ng-E2/L), phenolic compounds showed weaker estrogenic activity (mainly ranged from 10(-3) to 10 ng-E2/L), and phthalate esters were negligible. The ecological risk of the estrogenic EDCs which was characterized by risk quotient ranged from 10(-4) to 10(3), with an order in descending: steroids estrogens, phenolic compounds and phthalate esters. The eight estrogenic EDCs were scored and sorted based on the comparison of the estrogenic activity and the ecological risk, suggesting that 17?-ethynylestradiol (EE2), estrone (E1) and estradiol (E2) should be the priority EDCs to control in municipal sewage plants.
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Arabidopsis acyl-CoA-binding protein ACBP1 participates in the regulation of seed germination and seedling development.
Plant J.
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2013
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A family of six genes encoding acyl-CoA-binding proteins (ACBPs), ACBP1-ACBP6, has been characterized in Arabidopsis thaliana. In this study, we demonstrate that ACBP1 promotes abscisic acid (ABA) signaling during germination and seedling development. ACBP1 was induced by ABA, and transgenic Arabidopsis ACBP1-over-expressors showed increased sensitivity to ABA during germination and seedling development, whereas the acbp1 mutant showed decreased ABA sensitivity during these processes. Subsequent RNA assays showed that ACBP1 over-production in 12-day-old seedlings up-regulated the expression of PHOSPHOLIPASE D?1 (PLD?1) and three ABA/stress-responsive genes: ABA-RESPONSIVE ELEMENT BINDING PROTEIN1 (AREB1), RESPONSE TO DESICCATION29A (RD29A) and bHLH-TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR MYC2 (MYC2). The expression of AREB1 and PLD?1 was suppressed in the acbp1 mutant in comparison with the wild type following ABA treatment. PLD?1 has been reported to promote ABA signal transduction by producing phosphatidic acid, an important lipid messenger in ABA signaling. Using lipid profiling, seeds and 12-day-old seedlings of ACBP1-over-expressing lines were shown to accumulate more phosphatidic acid after ABA treatment, in contrast to lower phosphatidic acid in the acbp1 mutant. Bimolecular fluorescence complementation assays indicated that ACBP1 interacts with PLD?1 at the plasma membrane. Their interaction was further confirmed by yeast two-hybrid analysis. As recombinant ACBP1 binds phosphatidic acid and phosphatidylcholine, ACBP1 probably promotes PLD?1 action. Taken together, these results suggest that ACBP1 participates in ABA-mediated seed germination and seedling development.
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CD33?/p-STAT1? double-positive cell as a prognostic factor for stage IIIa gastric cancer.
Med. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 01-11-2013
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Tumor-infiltrating immune cells are associated with tumor prognosis, although the type of immune cells responsible for local immune escape is still unknown. This study examined the relationship between gastric cancer survival and the density of immune cells, including CD8(+) T cells, CD20(+) B cells, and CD33(+)/p-STAT1(+) cells, which represent myeloid-derived suppressor cells, to evaluate the role of immune cells in the progression of gastric cancer. One hundred pathologically confirmed specimens were obtained from stage IIIa gastric cancers between 2003 and 2006 at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, China. The density of tumor-infiltrating immune cells in tumor tissue was examined using immunohistochemical analysis. Clinicopathologic parameters and the survival rate were analyzed in relation to the density of immune cells. A high density of CD8(+) T cells and CD20(+) B cells was associated with a good clinical outcome, but a high density of CD33(+)/p-STAT1(+) cells was associated with a poor clinical outcome. Most importantly, the density of CD33(+)/p-STAT1(+) cells was an independent prognostic factor and inversely related to the infiltration of CD8(+) T cells. Although the infiltration of CD8(+) T cells and CD20(+) B cells is involved in the progression of gastric cancer, these data suggest that CD33(+)/p-STAT1(+) cells play a central role in the regulation of the local immune response, suggesting that CD33(+)/p-STAT1(+) cells might be therapeutic targets in gastric cancer.
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Comparison of endoscopic ultrasonography and multislice spiral computed tomography for the preoperative staging of gastric cancer - results of a single institution study of 610 chinese patients.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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This study compared the performance of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and multislice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) in the preoperative staging of gastric cancer.
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The expression and localization of N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 in human trophoblasts.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The protein N-Myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) is implicated in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, and cellular stress response. NDRG1 is expressed in primary human trophoblasts, where it promotes cell viability and resistance to hypoxic injury. The mechanism of action of NDRG1 remains unknown. To gain further insight into the intracellular action of NDRG1, we analyzed the expression pattern and cellular localization of endogenous NDRG1 and transfected Myc-tagged NDRG1 in human trophoblasts exposed to diverse injuries. In standard conditions, NDRG1 was diffusely expressed in the cytoplasm at a low level. Hypoxia or the hypoxia mimetic cobalt chloride, but not serum deprivation, ultraviolet (UV) light, or ionizing radiation, induced the expression of NDRG1 in human trophoblasts and the redistribution of NDRG1 into the nucleus and cytoplasmic membranes associated with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and microtubules. Mutation of the phosphopantetheine attachment site (PPAS) within NDRG1 abrogated this pattern of redistribution. Our results shed new light on the impact of cell injury on NDRG1 expression patterns, and suggest that the PPAS domain plays a key role in NDRG1s subcellular distribution.
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Trans-ethnical shift of the risk genotype in the CETP I405V with longevity: a Chinese case-control study and meta-analysis.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The I405V polymorphism of the cholesteryl ester transfer protein gene (CETP) has been suggested to be a protective factor conferring longevity in Ashkenazi Jews, although findings in other races are not supportive. This paper describes a case-control study and a meta-analysis conducted to derive a more precise estimation of the association between CETP 405V and longevity.
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[Correlation analysis among characters of gas vesicle in Microcystis strains].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 12-29-2011
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In order to explore the roles of gvpA copies and repeated sequences of gvpC, three Microcystis strains including M. aeruginosa FACHB910, M. aeruginosa FACHB930 and M. wesenbergii FACHB929 were used in this research. The length and diameter of gas vesicle, relative gas vesicle volume, appear pressure values, critical pressure values, cell turgor values were measured, and the correlations among these characters, gvpA copies, and repeated sequences of gvpC were analyzed. The results indicate that there are a significant positive linear correlation between gvpA copies and relative gas vesicle volume (r = 0.999); gvpA copies are negatively correlated with diameter of gas vesicle (r = -0.861). However, repeated sequences of gvpC have a significant positive correlation with diameter of gas vesicle (r = 0.911), and have significant negative correlations with relative gas vesicle volume, appear pressure values and critical pressure values, with the correlation coefficient of -0.851, - 0.999, - 0.928 respectively. So we presume that gvpA copies are probably the primary impact factor for relative gas vesicle volume. The diameter of gas vesicle is not only regulated by repeated sequences of gvpC, but also regulated by gvpA copies.
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[Association of anemia with cognition among senior female in China].
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-20-2011
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To explore the relationship between anemia and cognitive function among senior female aged 90 years old and above in longevity regions in China.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.