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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Dietary vitamin D supplementation attenuates immune responses of pigs challenged with rotavirus potentially through the retinoic acid-inducible gene I signalling pathway.
Br. J. Nutr.
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2014
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In the present study, twenty-four Duroc × Landrance × Yorkshire (initial body weight (BW) of 21·82 (sem 2·06) kg) cross-bred pigs were used to determine whether dietary vitamin D supplementation could confer protection against viral infections through the retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) signalling pathway in pigs. Experimental treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial manner with the main effects of immune challenge (control v. porcine rotavirus (PRV) challenge) and dietary concentrations of vitamin D (200 and 5000 IU; where 1 IU of vitamin D is defined as the biological activity of 0.025 mg of cholecalciferol). The pigs were fed a diet containing 200 or 5000 IU vitamin D in the first week of the study period. On day 8, the pigs were orally dosed with 4 ml of Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium/Ham's F-12 medium containing PRV or essential medium (control). Serum samples were collected on day 8 (pre-challenge), and 6 d after the PRV challenge, the pigs were killed to evaluate intestinal morphology and tissue gene expression following the last blood collection. Pigs challenged with PRV had decreased BW gain (P< 0·01), feed intake (P< 0·01), villus height (P< 0·01), faecal consistency (P< 0·05), and serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D concentration (P< 0·01) and increased (P< 0·01) serum IL-2, IL-6 and interferon (IFN)-? concentrations. Vitamin D supplementation mitigated these effects. The mRNA expression of RIG-I (P< 0·01), IFN-? promoter stimulator 1 (P< 0·01), IFN-? (P< 0·01) and interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG 15 ) (P< 0·01) was up-regulated by the PRV challenge and vitamin D supplementation in the intestine. In conclusion, vitamin D supplementation could activate the RIG-I signalling pathway and thus alleviate the negative effects caused by PRV challenge.
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De novo Mutations in the Cone-rod Homeobox Gene Associated with Leber Congenital Amaurosis in Chinese Patients.
Ophthalmic Genet.
PUBLISHED: 09-05-2013
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Abstract Background: The cone-rod homeobox (CRX) gene plays an important role in photoreceptor development. Recently, mutant alleles of the CRX gene have been associated with autosomal dominant Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) and cone-rod dystrophy. The purpose of this study was to analyze the CRX mutations in a cohort of Chinese patients with LCA or early-onset severe retinal dystrophy (EOSRD) and to provide the clinical features of these patients. Methods: Patients with LCA or EOSRD were enrolled from 2003 to 2012. Detailed ocular examinations including optical coherence tomography (OCT) and standardized electrophysiology were performed. Genomic DNA was isolated with standard methods of genetic diagnosis. All three exons of CRX were amplified with PCR and screened for mutations through direct DNA sequencing. A total of 200 unrelated healthy Chinese subjects were screened to exclude nonpathogenic polymorphisms. Offspring-parent relationship was tested to confirm de novo mutation. Results: A total of 109 probands from 109 unrelated families were selected for mutation screening of the CRX gene. Two individuals with LCA were confirmed to carry de novo CRX mutations c.421delT (p.Ser141Pro fsX46) and c.571delT (p.Tyr191Met fsX3), respectively. The daughter of Case 1 also carried the same CRX mutation (c.421delT) and had LCA symptoms. Pigmentary retinopathy in the peripheral retina and macular atrophy were observed in the two probands. Macular atrophy without normal lamination structure was the retina phenotype under OCT. Conclusions: Two de novo mutations in CRX were found in Chinese patients with LCA. The CRX mutation might create a dominantly inherited trait.
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Anxiety and adverse coronary artery disease outcomes in Chinese patients.
Psychosom Med
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2013
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To investigate the impact of anxiety on the prognosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients of Chinese Han ethnicity and to explore the correlation between anxiety and the severity of coronary atherosclerosis.
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Novel ALMS1 mutations in Chinese patients with Alström syndrome.
Mol. Vis.
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Alström syndrome (AS) is a rare monogenic autosomal recessively inherited disorder characterized by cone rod dystrophy and multiple organ dysfunction. Mutations in the Alström syndrome 1 (ALMS1) gene have been found to be causative for AS. The purpose of this study was to identify ALMS1 mutations and to assess the clinical features of Chinese patients with AS.
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Novel PRPF31 mutations associated with Chinese autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa patients.
Mol. Vis.
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To identify the mutations in the pre-mRNA processing factor 31 homolog (PRPF31) gene in Chinese families with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (adRP) and to characterize the clinical features of those patients who were found to have mutations in the PRPF31 gene.
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Novel RPE65 mutations associated with Leber congenital amaurosis in Chinese patients.
Mol. Vis.
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Retinal pigment epithelium-specific protein 65 kDa (RPE65) plays an essential role in vitamin A metabolism necessary for synthesizing the visual pigment 11-cis-retinal chromophore. Mutations in RPE65 cause the childhood blindness disorder known as Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA), as well as autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (RP). The purpose of this study was to identify RPE65 mutations in Chinese patients with LCA, determine the prevalence of RPE65 mutations in this cohort, and assess the clinical features of those patients with RPE65 mutations.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.