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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
The development and amino acid binding ability of nano-materials based on azo derivatives: theory and experiment.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl
PUBLISHED: 01-02-2014
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Two nano-material-containing azo groups have been designed and developed, and the binding ability of nano-materials with various amino acids has been characterized by UV-vis and fluorescence titrations. Results indicated that two nano-materials showed the strongest binding ability for homocysteine among twenty normal kinds of amino acids (alanine, valine, leucine, isoleucine, methionine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, arginine, glycine, serine, threonine, asparagine, phenylalanine, histidine, tryptophan, proline, lysine, glutamine, tyrosine and homocysteine). The reason for the high sensitivity for homocysteine was that two nano-materials containing an aldehyde group reacted with SH in homocysteine and afforded very stable thiazolidine derivatives. Theoretical investigation further illustrated the possible binding mode in host-guest interaction and the roles of molecular frontier orbitals in molecular interplay. Thus, the two nano-materials can be used as optical sensors for the detection of homocysteine.
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Autologous tumor lysate-pulsed dendritic cell immunotherapy with cytokine-induced killer cells improves survival in gastric and colorectal cancer patients.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Gastric and colorectal cancers (GC and CRC) have poor prognosis and are resistant to chemo- and/or radiotherapy. In the present study, the prophylactic effects of dendritic cell (DC) vaccination are evaluated on disease progression and clinical benefits in a group of 54 GC and CRC patients treated with DC immunotherapy combined with cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells after surgery with or without chemo-radiotherapy. DCs were prepared from the mononuclear cells isolated from patients using IL-2/GM-CSF and loaded with tumor antigens; CIK cells were prepared by incubating peripheral blood lymphocytes with IL-2, IFN-?, and CD3 antibodies. The DC/CIK therapy started 3 days after low-dose chemotherapy and was repeated 3-5 times in 2 weeks as one cycle with a total of 188.3 ± 79.8 × 10(6) DCs and 58.8 ± 22.3 × 10(8) CIK cells. Cytokine levels in patients' sera before and after treatments were measured and the follow-up was conducted for 98 months to determine disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). The results demonstrate that all cytokines tested were elevated with significantly higher levels of IFN-? and IL-12 in both GC and CRC cohorts of DC/CIK treated patients. By Cox regression analysis, DC/CIK therapy reduced the risk of post-operative disease progression (p<0.01) with an increased OS (<0.01). These results demonstrate that in addition to chemo- and/or radiotherapy, DC/CIK immunotherapy is a potential effective approach in the control of tumor growth for post-operative GC and CRC patients.
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Synthesis and binding ability of molecular probes based on a phenanthroline derivative: theory and experiment.
Molecules
PUBLISHED: 10-22-2013
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A fluorescent and colorimetric molecular probe containing phenol groups has been designed and synthesized. The anion binding ability was evaluated for biolgically important anions (F-, Cl-, Br-, I-, AcO- and H2PO4-) by theoretical investigation, UV-Vis and fluorescence spectroscopy and 1H-NMR titration experiments. Results indicated the probe showed strong binding ability for H2PO4- without the interference of other anions tested and the interaction process was accompanied by color changes. Theoretical investigation analysis revealed that intramolecular hydrogen bonds existed in the structure of the probe and the roles of molecular frontier orbitals in molecular interplay were determined.
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Treatment of oilfield wastewater containing polymer by the batch activated sludge reactor combined with a zerovalent iron/EDTA/air system.
Bioresour. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 08-22-2010
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Laboratory-scale experiments were conducted in order to evaluate the performance of a novel treatment process for oilfield wastewater based on combining chemical oxidation, performed by a zerovalent iron (ZVI), ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) and air process, with biological degradation, carried out in a batch activated sludge reactor. The influence of some operating variables was studied. The results showed that the optimum pretreatment conditions were 150 mg/L EDTA, 20 g/L ZVI, and a 180-min reaction time, respectively. Under these conditions, removal efficiencies for hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM), total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH), and chemical oxygen demand (COD) were 66%, 59%, and 45%, respectively. During the subsequent 40 h of bioremediation, the concentrations of HPAM, TPH, and COD were decreased to 10, 2 and 85 mg/L, respectively. At the end of experiments, the total removal efficiencies of HPAM, TPH, and COD were 96%, 97% and 92%, respectively.
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Remediation of petroleum-contaminated soil after composting by sequential treatment with Fenton-like oxidation and biodegradation.
Bioresour. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 09-17-2009
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A laboratory study was conducted to enhance removal of residual contaminants after composting in a highly petroleum-contaminated soil by combining Fenton-like pretreatment with biodegradation. The contaminants were characterized by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) during soil treatment. The optimum molar ratio of H(2)O(2) and Fe(3+) was 300/1 determined in batch experiments. At the end of Fenton-like treatment, total dichloromethane-extractable organics (TEO) decreased from 32,400 to 21,800 mg kg(-1) soil, and the toxicity of soil was reduced greatly in the preoxidation process. A significant loss of the number of soil microorganisms was observed in the Fenton-like reaction. During the microbial treatment period, 50.6% of TEO was destroyed. Numerous varieties of polar compounds containing nitrogen and oxygen were identified by FT-ICR MS. The number of compounds containing two oxygen atoms dropped from 604 to 163 during Fenton-like oxidation, and increased again to 577 after biodegradation.
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Chemical degradation of polyacrylamide by advanced oxidation processes.
Environ Technol
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This paper presents the results obtained from the oxidation of polyacrylamide (PAM) by the UV/H2O2, Fenton, UV/Fenton, visible light/Fenton, visible light/Fenton/C2O4(2-), UV/Fenton/C2O4(2-), visible light/Fenton/C4H4O6(2-) and UV/Fenton/C4H4O6(2-) processes. Degradation efficiency for PAM had the following order: UV/Fenton/C4H4O6(2-) > UV/Fenton/C2O4(2-) > visible light/Fenton/C4H4O6(2-) > visible light/Fenton/C2O4(2-) > UV/Fenton > visible light/Fenton > UV/H2O2 > Fenton. The addition of tartrate had a positive effect on chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal. Increasing the concentrations of reagents promoted the oxidation of PAM by the UV/Fenton/C4H4O6(2-) process. The presence of NaCl led to large decreases in the COD removal in the PAM solution.
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Addition of a palm oil analogue to oil-reservoir formation water stimulates the growth of Anaerobaculum sp. and a novel taxon from the Deferribacteraceae.
J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol.
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The manipulation of microbes within oil reservoirs has been the subject of a number of studies. The aims of these studies have included alteration of oil characteristics, improvement in recovery of oil and suppression of microbes that produce H(2)S. Understanding microbial communities and their microbial responses is important in predicting the outcome of these studies. Palm oil waste is an abundant waste product, particularly in Asia, and we sought to examine its usefulness for altering microbial communities in oil reservoirs. Data from the present study demonstrated that after amendment with a palm oil analogue (POA), oil reservoir microflora produced methane and nitrogen gas along with a net consumption of CO(2). The addition stimulated a novel taxon in the family Deferribacteraceae. Amendment with POA also affected the methanogen community by stimulating the growth of Methanothermobacter, Methanoculleus and Methanocalculus spp. Overall the study indicated that POA addition allowed the development of a consortium that was able to convert CO(2) into CH(4) in a process powered by an abundant waste product.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.