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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
[Association between dyslipidemia and 8-OHdG/Cr among a population exposed to chronic arsenic].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-09-2014
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To explore the association between dyslipidemia and the level of 8-OHdG/Cr in urine among a population exposed to chronic arsenic.
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Working memory training using EEG neurofeedback in normal young adults.
Biomed Mater Eng
PUBLISHED: 09-18-2014
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Recent studies have shown that working memory (WM) performance can be improved by intensive and adaptive computerized training. Here, we explored the WM training effect using Electroencephalography (EEG) neurofeedback (NF) in normal young adults. In the first study, we identified the EEG features related to WM in normal young adults. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the power ratio of the theta-to-alpha rhythms in the anterior-parietal region, accurately classified a high percentage of the EEG trials recorded during WM and fixation control (FC) tasks. Based on these results, a second study aimed to assess the training effects of the theta-to-alpha ratio and tested the hypothesis that up-regulating the power ratio can improve working memory behavior. Our results demonstrated that these normal young adults succeeded in improving their WM performance with EEG NF, and the pre- and post-test evaluations also indicated that WM performance increase in experimental group was significantly greater than control groups. In summary, our findings provided preliminarily evidence that WM performance can be improved through learned regulation of the EEG power ratio using EEG NF.
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Flow characteristics of the proximal pulmonary arteries and vena cava in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension: correlation between 3.0 T phase-contrast MRI and right heart catheterization.
Diagn Interv Radiol
PUBLISHED: 08-29-2014
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We aimed to determine the correlation between flow characteristics of the proximal pulmonary arteries and vena cava obtained by 3.0 T phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and hemodynamic characteristics by right heart catheterization in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension.
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Structural covariance networks across healthy young adults and their consistency.
J Magn Reson Imaging
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2014
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To investigate structural covariance networks (SCNs) as measured by regional gray matter volumes with structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) from healthy young adults, and to examine their consistency and stability.
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Downregulation of MDR1 Gene by Cepharanthine Hydrochloride Is Related to the Activation of c-Jun/JNK in K562/ADR Cells.
Biomed Res Int
PUBLISHED: 06-09-2014
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The purpose of the study was to determine the signal transduction mechanism of cepharanthine hydrochloride (CH) on reversing tumor multidrug resistance. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis were used to determine the effects of CH on the expression of MDR1 mRNA and P-glycoprotein in K562/ADR cells when CH was used alone and combined with SP600125, a JNK inhibitor, to explore the effects of CH on JNK pathway. Western blot analysis was used to determine the effects of CH on c-Jun protein expression and phosphorylation, to explore the regulating effects of CH on c-Jun and phosphorylated c-Jun (p-c-Jun) proteins. Our results showed that the inhibitory effect of CH on MDR1 mRNA increased with the concentrations of CH (5.0, 10.0, and 20.0??M) and the inhibitory effects of CH on MDR1 mRNA and P-glycoprotein increased with the incubation time of CH (0, 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours). The inhibitory effect was weakened after CH combined with SP600125. The expressions of c-Jun and p-c-Jun proteins increased with the incubation time of CH (0, 6, 12, and 24 hours). These findings suggest that CH downregulated the expressions of MDR1 mRNA and P-glycoprotein in a time and concentration manner; the mechanism may be mediated via activating c-Jun/JNK pathway.
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[The value of soft tissue neurogenic tumors in the extremities with 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-16-2014
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To explore the diagnostic value of 3.0T MRI in neurogenic tumor of soft tissue in the extremities.
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A systematic review of the diagnostic accuracy of cardiovascular magnetic resonance for pulmonary hypertension.
Can J Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2014
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The diagnostic accuracy of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) for pulmonary hypertension (PH) compared with right heart catheterization were assessed. The purpose of this systematic review was to comprehensively evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of CMR in evaluating PH.
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The effects of individualized gastric electrical stimulation on food craving and gastrointestinal peptides in dogs.
Neuromodulation
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2014
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Using an adjustable stimulator with a wide range of stimulation parameters, the aims of this study were 1) to investigate the effects of long-term gastric electrical stimulation (GES) on appetite and differential food cravings for three different foods and 2) to investigate the effects of GES on plasma gastrointestinal peptide concentrations.
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Dual-source CT coronary angiographic evaluation of coronary artery fistulas.
Exp Ther Med
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2014
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The aim of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate the incidence and morphological features of coronary artery fistulas (CAFs) detected by dual-source computed tomography coronary angiography (DS-CTCA). Between January 2011 and January 2013, 19,584 consecutive patients that had undergone electrocardiogram-triggering DS-CTCA were retrospectively reviewed. Image reconstructions were performed and image quality was evaluated. The medical information of the patients with CAF was reviewed from the medical records. Among the 19,584 patients, 66 patients were diagnosed with CAFs by CTCA, including 60 patients with coronary pulmonary artery fistulas (CPAFs) and six with coronary left ventricular fistulas. Therefore, the incidence of CAFs was 0.34%. Image quality was considered to be excellent in 61 patients and moderate in five cases. CPAFs were identified as small and tortuous vessels in 24 patients and dilated vessels close to the surface of the pulmonary artery (PA) in 36 patients. The coronary left ventricular fistulas were identified as dilated vessels that were draining into the posterior wall of the left ventricle. Among the 66 patients, 54 patients had one traceable fistula and the remaining 12 patients were shown to have two fistula vessels. The average diameter of the detected fistulas, measured with CTCA, was 3.1±1.9 mm. A high-density flow jet of contrast agent shunting from the fistula into the low density PA was observed in 46 patients with CPAF. The results indicate that DS-CTCA is a reliable noninvasive tool that allows the accurate delineation of CAFs.
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Tailoring Subunit Vaccine Immunity with Adjuvant Combinations and Delivery Routes Using the Middle East Respiratory Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) Receptor-Binding Domain as an Antigen.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The development of an effective vaccine is critical for prevention of a Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) pandemic. Some studies have indicated the receptor-binding domain (RBD) protein of MERS-CoV spike (S) is a good candidate antigen for a MERS-CoV subunit vaccine. However, highly purified proteins are typically not inherently immunogenic. We hypothesised that humoral and cell-mediated immunity would be improved with a modification of the vaccination regimen. Therefore, the immunogenicity of a novel MERS-CoV RBD-based subunit vaccine was tested in mice using different adjuvant formulations and delivery routes. Different vaccination regimens were compared in BALB/c mice immunized 3 times intramuscularly (i.m.) with a vaccine containing 10 µg of recombinant MERS-CoV RBD in combination with either aluminium hydroxide (alum) alone, alum and polyriboinosinic acid (poly I:C) or alum and cysteine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN). The immune responses of mice vaccinated with RBD, incomplete Freund's adjuvant (IFA) and CpG ODN by a subcutaneous (s.c.) route were also investigated. We evaluated the induction of RBD-specific humoral immunity (total IgG and neutralizing antibodies) and cellular immunity (ELISpot assay for IFN-? spot-forming cells and splenocyte cytokine production). Our findings indicated that the combination of alum and CpG ODN optimized the development of RBD-specific humoral and cellular immunity following subunit vaccination. Interestingly, robust RBD-specific antibody and T-cell responses were induced in mice immunized with the rRBD protein in combination with IFA and CpG ODN, but low level of neutralizing antibodies were elicited. Our data suggest that murine immunity following subunit vaccination can be tailored using adjuvant combinations and delivery routes. The vaccination regimen used in this study is promising and could improve the protection offered by the MERS-CoV subunit vaccine by eliciting effective humoral and cellular immune responses.
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A pooling-LiNGAM algorithm for effective connectivity analysis of fMRI data.
Front Comput Neurosci
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The Independent Component Analysis (ICA)-linear non-Gaussian acyclic model (LiNGAM), an algorithm that can be used to estimate the causal relationship among non-Gaussian distributed data, has the potential value to detect the effective connectivity of human brain areas. Under the assumptions that (a): the data generating process is linear, (b) there are no unobserved confounders, and (c) data have non-Gaussian distributions, LiNGAM can be used to discover the complete causal structure of data. Previous studies reveal that the algorithm could perform well when the data points being analyzed is relatively long. However, there are too few data points in most neuroimaging recordings, especially functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), to allow the algorithm to converge. Smith's study speculates a method by pooling data points across subjects may be useful to address this issue (Smith et al., 2011). Thus, this study focus on validating Smith's proposal of pooling data points across subjects for the use of LiNGAM, and this method is named as pooling-LiNGAM (pLiNGAM). Using both simulated and real fMRI data, our current study demonstrates the feasibility and efficiency of the pLiNGAM on the effective connectivity estimation.
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Characterizing structural association alterations within brain networks in normal aging using Gaussian Bayesian networks.
Front Comput Neurosci
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Recent multivariate neuroimaging studies have revealed aging-related alterations in brain structural networks. However, the sensory/motor networks such as the auditory, visual and motor networks, have obtained much less attention in normal aging research. In this study, we used Gaussian Bayesian networks (BN), an approach investigating possible inter-regional directed relationship, to characterize aging effects on structural associations between core brain regions within each of these structural sensory/motor networks using volumetric MRI data. We then further examined the discriminability of BN models for the young (N = 109; mean age =22.73 years, range 20-28) and old (N = 82; mean age =74.37 years, range 60-90) groups. The results of the BN modeling demonstrated that structural associations exist between two homotopic brain regions from the left and right hemispheres in each of the three networks. In particular, compared with the young group, the old group had significant connection reductions in each of the three networks and lesser connection numbers in the visual network. Moreover, it was found that the aging-related BN models could distinguish the young and old individuals with 90.05, 73.82, and 88.48% accuracy for the auditory, visual, and motor networks, respectively. Our findings suggest that BN models can be used to investigate the normal aging process with reliable statistical power. Moreover, these differences in structural inter-regional interactions may help elucidate the neuronal mechanism of anatomical changes in normal aging.
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Aging Influence on Gray Matter Structural Associations within the Default Mode Network Utilizing Bayesian Network Modeling.
Front Aging Neurosci
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Recent neuroimaging studies have revealed normal aging-related alterations in functional and structural brain networks such as the default mode network (DMN). However, less is understood about specific brain structural dependencies or interactions between brain regions within the DMN in the normal aging process. In this study, using Bayesian network (BN) modeling, we analyzed gray matter volume data from 109 young and 82 old subjects to characterize the influence of aging on associations between core brain regions within the DMN. Furthermore, we investigated the discriminability of the aging-associated BN models for the young and old groups. Compared to their young counterparts, the old subjects showed significant reductions in connections from right inferior temporal cortex (ITC) to medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), right hippocampus (HP) to right ITC, and mPFC to posterior cingulate cortex and increases in connections from left HP to mPFC and right inferior parietal cortex to right ITC. Moreover, the classification results showed that the aging-related BN models could predict group membership with 88.48% accuracy, 88.07% sensitivity, and 89.02% specificity. Our findings suggest that structural associations within the DMN may be affected by normal aging and provide crucial information about aging effects on brain structural networks.
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Non-invasive evaluation of hemodynamics in pulmonary hypertension by a Septal angle measured by computed tomography pulmonary angiography: Comparison with right-heart catheterization and association with N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide.
Exp Ther Med
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2013
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The septal angle, an angle between the interventricular septum and the line connecting the sternum midpoint and thoracic vertebral spinous process, as measured by computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA), has been observed to be increased in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH), but its meaning remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential role of the septal angle in evaluating hemodynamics and its association with N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients with PH. Patients with PH (n=106), including 76 with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and 30 with pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH), were retrospectively reviewed. The patients underwent CTPA prior to right-heart catheterization. The septal angle was measured on transversal CTPA images. Hemodynamic parameters were evaluated by right-heart catheterization. The level of plasma NT-proBNP was measured by enzyme-linked sandwich immunoassay. The septal angle had a moderate correlation with cardiac output (CO; r=-0.535, P=0.000) and a high correlation with pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR; r=0.642, P=0.000). The mean level of NT-proBNP in PH was 1,716.09±1,498.30 pg/ml, which correlated with the septal angle (r=0.693, P=0.000). In a stepwise forward regression analysis, the Septal angle was entered into the final equation for predicting PVR, leading to the following equation: PVR = 28.256 × Septal angle - 728.72. In CTEPH, the Septal angle strongly correlated with NT-proBNP (r=0.668, P=0.000) and PVR (r=0.676, P=0.000). In PAH, the Septal angle strongly correlated with NT-proBNP (r=0.616, P=0.003) and PVR (r=0.623, P=0.000). The CTPA-derived Septal angle is a superior predictor for evaluating and monitoring the level of NT-proBNP and PVR in patients with PH.
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BOLD-MRI of breast invasive ductal carcinoma: correlation of R2* value and the expression of HIF-1?.
Eur Radiol
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2013
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To explore the reliability and feasibility of blood oxygenation level-dependent-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-fMRI) to depict hypoxia in breast invasive ductal carcinoma.
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Altered brain structure in Chinese dyslexic children.
Neuropsychologia
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2013
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Due to the logographic nature of the writing system, learning to read Chinese places heavy demands on encoding of orthographic forms through rote memorization. Moreover, phonology has to often be retrieved from memory during reading because of the inconsistent mapping between characters and their pronunciations. Using optimized voxel-based morphometry, we examined differences in volumetrics between children with reading disability (RD, 10-12 years old) and age-matched typically developing (TD) children. Our study shows reduced gray matter volume (GMV) for RD in right inferior occipital gyrus and left inferior frontal gyrus, consistent with previous studies suggesting that Chinese dyslexics have deficits in orthographic and phonological processing. The deficit in phonological processing was further supported by reductions in white matter volumes (WMV) in left precentral gyrus. Greater deficits in ortho-phonological processing may be associated with semantic compensation, as lower skill RD children showed greater GMV in anterior temporal cortex, even though as a group they showed less GMV in this region compared to TD. Perhaps most interestingly, we showed reduced GMV in bilateral ventromedial prefrontal cortices (vmPFC) and this was correlated with reductions in WMV within vmPFC, suggesting that RD have deficits in memory retrieval. Moreover, these GMV alterations in vmPFC for the RD were correlated with alterations in right parahippocampal gyrus, which also showed a reduced GMV, suggesting that RD have a correlated deficit in memory encoding. Our results are consistent with previous studies suggesting that Chinese dyslexics have deficits in visuo-orthographic and phonological processing, but our study importantly suggests deficits in memory encoding and retrieval, perhaps due to the unique demands of the Chinese writing system.
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Regional covariance patterns of gray matter alterations in Alzheimers disease and its replicability evaluation.
J Magn Reson Imaging
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2013
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To identify regional network covariance patterns of gray matter associated with Alzheimers disease (AD) and to further evaluate its replicability and stability.
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A cutoff point for arterial stiffness using the cardio-ankle vascular index based on carotid arteriosclerosis.
Hypertens. Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2013
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The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) has been widely accepted as a good indicator of arteriosclerosis. However, the lack of a reliable diagnostic criterion for CAVI hampers the proper clinical screening for arteriosclerosis using CAVI and impedes the prompt treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is an urgent need to determine a criterion for CAVI in arteriosclerosis prevention. We conducted a cross-sectional study to determine this criterion based on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses in a Chinese population consisting of 328 participants. CAVI was measured in duplicate, and carotid ultrasound detection was performed in a quiet environment by well-trained physicians. After multivariate adjustment, CAVI was positively associated with the risk of carotid arteriosclerosis. Compared with participants in the lowest tertile of CAVI (5.15-7.40), those in the medium (7.41-8.65) and highest (8.66-13.60) tertiles had odds ratios (95% confidence interval) of 2.2 (1.0, 4.9) and 4.4 (1.5, 13.3), respectively, for developing carotid arteriosclerosis (P trend=0.007). The areas under the ROC curve (AUC) of the male, female and pooled populations were 0.789, 0.897 and 0.856, respectively. The cutoff point of CAVI?8.0 resulted in the largest sensitivity and specificity. Furthermore, CAVI and age acted synergistically to increase the risk of carotid arteriosclerosis. CAVI?8.0 may be an optimal cutoff point for carotid arteriosclerosis prediction. The older population with higher CAVI scores had a higher risk of carotid arteriosclerosis. Additional large prospective studies are needed to confirm our findings.
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Structural interactions within the default mode network identified by Bayesian network analysis in Alzheimers disease.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Alzheimers disease (AD) is a well-known neurodegenerative disease that is associated with dramatic morphological abnormalities. The default mode network (DMN) is one of the most frequently studied resting-state networks. However, less is known about specific structural dependency or interactions among brain regions within the DMN in AD. In this study, we performed a Bayesian network (BN) analysis based on regional grey matter volumes to identify differences in structural interactions among core DMN regions in structural MRI data from 80 AD patients and 101 normal controls (NC). Compared to NC, the structural interactions between the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and other brain regions, including the left inferior parietal cortex (IPC), the left inferior temporal cortex (ITC) and the right hippocampus (HP), were significantly reduced in the AD group. In addition, the AD group showed prominent increases in structural interactions from the left ITC to the left HP, the left HP to the right ITC, the right HP to the right ITC, and the right IPC to the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC). The BN models significantly distinguished AD patients from NC with 87.12% specificity and 81.25% sensitivity. We then used the derived BN models to examine the replicability and stability of AD-associated BN models in an independent dataset and the results indicated discriminability with 83.64% specificity and 80.49% sensitivity. The results revealed that the BN analysis was effective for characterising regional structure interactions and the AD-related BN models could be considered as valid and predictive structural brain biomarker models for AD. Therefore, our study can assist in further understanding the pathological mechanism of AD, based on the view of the structural network, and may provide new insights into classification and clinical application in the study of AD in the future.
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Technetium-99m-labelled HL91 and technetium-99m-labelled MIBI SPECT imaging for the detection of ischaemic viable myocardium: a preliminary study.
Clin Physiol Funct Imaging
PUBLISHED: 09-29-2011
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The assessment of myocardial viability has become an important aspect of the diagnostic and prognostic work-up of patients with coronary artery disease. Technetium-99m labelled sestamibi ((99m)Tc-MIBI) myocardial perfusion imaging may underestimate the viability of ischaemic myocardium. Technetium-99m labelled 4,9-diaza-3,3,10,10-tetramethyldodecan-2,11-dione dioxime ((99m)Tc-HL91) is a hypoxia-avid agent which can identify acutely ischaemic viable myocardium in a canine model using a standard gamma camera. The aim of this study was to evaluate uptake character of ischaemic viable myocardium and diagnostic performance of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging by (99m)Tc-HL91 and (99m)Tc-MIBI in detecting ischaemic viable myocardium in coronary heart disease.
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Cardiovascular parameters of computed tomographic pulmonary angiography to assess pulmonary vascular resistance in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension.
Int. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-16-2011
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The purpose is to identify the role of cardiovascular parameters of computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA) to assess pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH).
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Computed tomographic pulmonary angiography in the assessment of severity of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular dysfunction.
Eur J Radiol
PUBLISHED: 04-20-2010
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The aim was to investigate the role of computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA) in the assessment of severity and right ventricular function in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH).
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Prevalence of disability in an arsenic exposure area in Inner Mongolia, China.
Chemosphere
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2010
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Long term exposure to arsenic can cause adverse health effects and lead to different levels of disability. The prevalence of arsenical dermatosis is as high as 40% in the Hetao Plain area of Inner Mongolia, but the association between exposure to arsenic in drinking water and the occurrence of disability has not yet been fully examined. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of disability in arsenic-affected villages in Inner Mongolia, China.
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Comparison of dry laser printer versus paper printer in full-field digital mammography.
Acta Radiol
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2010
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Paper printers have been used to document radiological findings in some hospitals. It is critical to establish whether paper printers can achieve the same efficacy and quality as dry laser printers for full-field digital mammography (FFDM).
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Voxel-based assessment of gray and white matter volumes in Alzheimers disease.
Neurosci. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 08-23-2009
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Using the study-specific templates and optimized voxel-based morphometry (VBM), this study investigated abnormalities in gray and white matter to provide depiction of the concurrent structural changes in 13 patients with Alzheimers disease (AD) compared with 14 age- and sex-matched normal controls. Consistent with previous studies, patients with AD exhibited significant gray matter volume reductions mainly in the hippocampus, parahippocampal gyrus, insula, superior/middle temporal gyrus, thalamus, cingulate gyrus, and superior/inferior parietal lobule. In addition, white matter volume reductions were found predominately in the temporal lobe, corpus callosum, and inferior longitudinal fasciculus. Furthermore, a number of additional white matter regions such as precentral gyrus, cingulate fasciculus, superior and inferior frontal gyrus, and sub-gyral in parietal lobe were also affected. The pattern of gray and white matter volume reductions helps us understand the underlying pathologic mechanisms in AD and potentially can be used as an imaging marker for the studies of AD in the future.
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Whole-brain voxel-based morphometry of white matter in mild cognitive impairment.
Eur J Radiol
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2009
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The purpose of this study was to analyze whole-brain white matter changes in mild cognitive impairment (MCI).
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Neurochemical correlates of cognitive dysfunction in patients with leukoaraiosis: a proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study.
Neurol. Res.
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Leukoaraiosis (LA) is a common radiological finding in the elderly and may reflect cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). Although SVD has been identified as a major cause of vascular cognitive impairment or vascular dementia, the mechanisms for this association remain unclear. We therefore aimed to measure brain metabolites in LA using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) as to determine the relationship between cognitive function and neurochemical white matter profile.
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Mapping joint grey and white matter reductions in Alzheimers disease using joint independent component analysis.
Neurosci. Lett.
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Alzheimers disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease concomitant with grey and white matter damages. However, the interrelationship of volumetric changes between grey and white matter remains poorly understood in AD. Using joint independent component analysis, this study identified joint grey and white matter volume reductions based on structural magnetic resonance imaging data to construct the covariant networks in twelve AD patients and fourteen normal controls (NC). We found that three networks showed significant volume reductions in joint grey-white matter sources in AD patients, including (1) frontal/parietal/temporal-superior longitudinal fasciculus/corpus callosum, (2) temporal/parietal/occipital-frontal/occipital, and (3) temporal-precentral/postcentral. The corresponding expression scores distinguished AD patients from NC with 85.7%, 100% and 85.7% sensitivity for joint sources 1, 2 and 3, respectively; 75.0%, 66.7% and 75.0% specificity for joint sources 1, 2 and 3, respectively. Furthermore, the combined source of three significant joint sources best predicted the AD/NC group membership with 92.9% sensitivity and 83.3% specificity. Our findings revealed joint grey and white matter loss in AD patients, and these results can help elucidate the mechanism of grey and white matter reductions in the development of AD.
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Relationship between long-term exposure to low-level arsenic in drinking water and the prevalence of abnormal blood pressure.
J. Hazard. Mater.
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Arsenic increases the risk and incidence of cardiovascular disease. To explore the impact of long-term exposure to low-level arsenic in drinking water on blood pressure including pulse pressure (PP) and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), a cross-sectional study was conducted in 2010 in which the blood pressure of 405 villagers was measured, who had been drinking water with an inorganic arsenic content <50 ?g/L. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. After adjusting for age, gender, Body Mass Index (BMI), alcohol consumption and smoking, the odds ratios showed a 1.45-fold (95%CI: 0.63-3.35) increase in the group with >30-50 years of arsenic exposure and a 2.95-fold (95%CI: 1.31-6.67) increase in the group with >50 years exposure. Furthermore, the odds ratio for prevalence of abnormal PP and MAP were 1.06 (95%CI: 0.24-4.66) and 0.87 (95%CI: 0.36-2.14) in the group with >30-50 years of exposure, and were 2.46 (95%CI: 0.87-6.97) and 3.75 (95%CI: 1.61-8.71) for the group with >50 years exposure, compared to the group with arsenic exposure ? 30 years respectively. Significant trends for Hypertension (p<0.0001), PP (p<0.0001) and MAP (p=0.0016) were found. The prevalence of hypertension and abnormal PP as well as MAP is marked among a low-level arsenic exposure population, and significantly increases with the duration of arsenic exposure.
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The Acute Effects of a New Type of Implantable Gastric Electrical Stimulators Featuring Varied Pulse Widths on Beagle Dogs Food Intake and Gastric Accommodation.
Obes Surg
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To improve the therapeutic effects of gastric electrical stimulation (GES) for obesity, an animal experiment was conducted using a new type of stimulators. Proper parameters of GES were selected, and the impacts of GES on the food intake and gastric accommodation of canines were observed.
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Parameter Selection and Stimulating Effects of an Adjustable Gastric Electrical Stimulator in Dogs.
Obes Surg
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Gastric electrical stimulation (GES) has been proposed as a promising therapeutic option in treating obesity for 20 years. Currently, the available device of GES cannot meet the clinical needs. The purpose of this study is to verify the effect of a new type of adjustable gastric electrical stimulator in reducing food intake and body weight.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.