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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
[A meta-analysis on the relations between Helicobacter pylori infection and chronic urticaria].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2014
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To investigate the relationship between Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and the development of chronic urticaria.
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[Overexpression of Wnt3 inhibits apoptosis of hepatic progenitor cells in vitro].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2014
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To investigate the effects of adenoviral vector-mediated over-expression of Wnt3 on the apoptosis of hepatic progenitor cells in vitro.
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[Overexpression of Wnt3a inhibited the apoptosis of mouse embryonic liver stem cells].
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-11-2013
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To study the effect of Wnt3a on the apoptosis and the expressions of apoptosis-related proteins in mouse embryonic liver stem cells (ELSCs).
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Management of spinal tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
J. Int. Med. Res.
PUBLISHED: 09-17-2013
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A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) studying the clinical benefit of chemotherapy with surgical intervention over chemotherapy alone for the treatment of spinal tuberculosis.
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[Establishment of hepatic stem cell line stably expressing HBx protein and the effect of HBx on cell proliferation].
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2013
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To establish HP14.5 cell line stably expressing hepatitis B virus X (HBx) and detect the effect of HBx on cell proliferation, cell cycle and the wnt/?-catenin signal pathway of hepatic progenitor cells.
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Hepatitis B virus X (HBx) play an anti-apoptosis role in hepatic progenitor cells by activating Wnt/?-catenin pathway.
Mol. Cell. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2013
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Increasing evidence has shown that normal stem cells may act as cancer-initiating cells and contribute to the development and progression of cancer. HBx has a close relationship with hepatocellular carcinoma, however, the role of HBx in hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) is poorly understood. In this study, we sought to determine the role of HBx in regulating HPCs apoptosis and the underlying molecular mechanism(s) using HPCs derived from mouse fetal liver. The apoptotic ratio of HPCs infected with adenovirus-expressing HBx (Ad-HBx) was examined using flow cytometry. Results showed that the Ad-HBx treatment led to substantially decreased apoptotic ratio of HPCs, as confirmed by the Hoechst 33342 staining and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL). Possible alterations of relative proteins were examined using Western blot and real-time PCR assays. The HBx expression in HPCs increased the expression levels of Bcl2 and Mcl1 while decreasing the expression levels of Bax and cleaved caspase-9 and -3. In addition, the mRNA and protein expression levels of ?-catenin were both increased. The ?-catenin protein were mainly accumulated in cytoplasm and tended to transfer into cell nucleus after Ad-HBx treatment. The over-expression of ?-catenin decreased the apoptotic ratio of HPCs and inhibited the expression of cleaved caspase-9 and -3 while blocking ?-catenin expression resulted in the opposite results. Taken together, our results strongly suggested that the HBx protein may inhibits apoptosis of hepatic progenitor cells, at least in part by activating the WNT/?-catenin pathway. This provided a new insight into the molecular mechanism of HBx-mediated live carcinogenesis.
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[HBx induction of epithelial mesenchymal transition in mouse hepatic progenitor cells].
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2013
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To investigate the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) function of HBx in hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs).
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[Analysis of effectiveness of interrupt percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy through interlaminar approach for L5, S1 disc protrusion].
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-11-2011
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To evaluate the effectiveness of interrupt percutaneous endoscopy lumbar discectomy (PELD) through interlaminar approach for L5, S1 disc protrusion.
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[Preliminary clinical results of endoscopic discectomy followed by interbody fusion using B-Twin expandable spinal spacer].
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-11-2011
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To investigate the effectiveness and significance of percutaneous endoscopic discectomy followed by interbody fusion using B-Twin expandable spinal spacer for degenerative lumbosacral disc
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Chemoenzymatic synthesis of N-acetyl-D-neuraminic acid from N-acetyl-D-glucosamine by using the spore surface-displayed N-acetyl-D-neuraminic acid aldolase.
Appl. Environ. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 08-05-2011
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Chemoenzymatic synthesis of N-acetyl-d-neuraminic acid from N-acetyl-d-glucosamine using the spore surface-displayed N-acetyl-d-neuraminic acid aldolase at a high concentration (53.9 g liter(-1)) was achieved in this study. Thus, displaying a target enzyme on the surface of spores might be an alternative for integration of biocatalytic conversion into chemical synthesis.
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Production of N-acetyl-D-neuraminic acid by use of an efficient spore surface display system.
Appl. Environ. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-25-2011
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Production of N-acetyl-D-neuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) via biocatalysis is traditionally conducted using isolated enzymes or whole cells. The use of isolated enzymes is restricted by the time-consuming purification process, whereas the application of whole cells is limited by the permeability barrier presented by the microbial cell membrane. In this study, a novel type of biocatalyst, Neu5Ac aldolase presented on the surface of Bacillus subtilis spores, was used for the production of Neu5Ac. Under optimal conditions, Neu5Ac at a high concentration (54.7 g liter?ยน) and a high yield (90.2%) was obtained under a 5-fold excess of pyruvate over N-acetyl-D-mannosamine. The novel biocatalyst system, which is able to express and immobilize the target enzyme simultaneously on the surface of B. subtilis spores, represents a suitable alternative for value-added chemical production.
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Development of superparamagnetic high-magnetization C18-functionalized magnetic silica nanoparticles as sorbents for enrichment and determination of methylprednisolone in rat plasma by high performance liquid chromatography.
Anal. Chim. Acta
PUBLISHED: 07-07-2010
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In this study, a novel extraction and enrichment technique based on superparamagnetic high-magnetization C(18)-functionalized magnetic silica nanoparticles (C(18)-MNPs) as sorbents was successfully developed for the determination of methylprednisolone (MP) in rat plasma by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The synthesized silica-coated magnetite modified with chlorodimethyl-n-octadecylsilane was about 320 nm in diameter with strong magnetism and high surface area. It provided an efficient way for extraction and concentration of MP in the samples through hydrophobic interaction by the interior C(18) groups. Moreover, MP adsorbed with C(18)-MNPs could be simply and rapidly isolated through placing a strong magnet on the bottom of container, and then easily eluted from C(18)-MNPs by n-hexane solution. Extraction conditions such as amounts of C(18)-MNPs added, adsorption time and desorption solvent, were investigated. Method validations including linear range, detection limit, precision, and recovery were also studied. The results showed that the proposed method based on C(18)-MNPs was a simple, accurate and high efficient approach for the analysis of MP in the complex plasma samples.
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FATS is a transcriptional target of p53 and associated with antitumor activity.
Mol. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 03-12-2010
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Frequent mutations of p53 in human cancers exemplify its crucial role as a tumor suppressor transcription factor, and p21, a transcriptional target of p53, plays a central role in surveillance of cell-cycle checkpoints. Our previous study has shown that FATS stabilize p21 to preserve genome integrity. In this study we identified a novel transcript variant of FATS (GenBank: GQ499374) through screening a cDNA library from mouse testis, which uncovered the promoter region of mouse FATS. Mouse FATS was highly expressed in testis. The p53-responsive elements existed in proximal region of both mouse and human FATS promoters. Functional study indicated that the transcription of FATS gene was activated by p53, whereas such effect was abolished by site-directed mutagenesis in the p53-RE of FATS promoter. Furthermore, the expression of FATS increased upon DNA damage in a p53-dependent manner. FATS expression was silent or downregulated in human cancers, and overexpression of FATS suppressed tumorigenicity in vivo independently of p53. Our results reveal FATS as a p53-regulated gene to monitor genomic stability.
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Clinical application of computer-designed polystyrene models in complex severe spinal deformities: a pilot study.
Eur Spine J
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2010
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Surgical treatment of complex severe spinal deformity, involving a scoliosis Cobb angle of more than 90 degrees and kyphosis or vertebral and rib deformity, is challenging. Preoperative two-dimensional images resulting from plain film radiography, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging provide limited morphometric information. Although the three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction CT with special software can view the stereo and rotate the spinal image on the screen, it cannot show the full-scale spine and cannot directly be used on the operation table. This study was conducted to investigate the application of computer-designed polystyrene models in the treatment of complex severe spinal deformity. The study involved 16 cases of complex severe spinal deformity treated in our hospital between 1 May 2004 and 31 December 2007; the mean +/- SD preoperative scoliosis Cobb angle was 118 degrees +/- 27 degrees. The CT scanning digital imaging and communication in medicine (DICOM) data sets of the affected spinal segments were collected for 3D digital reconstruction and rapid prototyping to prepare computer-designed polystyrene models, which were applied in the treatment of these cases. The computer-designed polystyrene models allowed 3D observation and measurement of the deformities directly, which helped the surgeon to perform morphological assessment and communicate with the patient and colleagues. Furthermore, the models also guided the choice and placement of pedicle screws. Moreover, the models were used to aid in virtual surgery and guide the actual surgical procedure. The mean +/- SD postoperative scoliosis Cobb angle was 42 degrees +/- 32 degrees, and no serious complications such as spinal cord or major vascular injury occurred. The use of computer-designed polystyrene models could provide more accurate morphometric information and facilitate surgical correction of complex severe spinal deformity.
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Parallel induction of cell proliferation and inhibition of cell differentiation in hepatic progenitor cells by hepatitis B virus X gene.
Int. J. Mol. Med.
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Increasing evidence has shown that normal stem cells may contribute to the development and progression of cancer by acting as cancer-initiating cells. The hepatitis B virus X (HBX) protein has been implicated in the hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated liver carcinogenesis. However, the role of HBX in hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) is poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to determine the role of HBX in regulating HPC proliferation and differentiation. Using MTT analysis, we showed that HPCs infected with adenovirus expressing HBX (Ad-HBX) grew more rapidly compared to HPCs infected with adenovirus expressing green fluorescent protein (Ad-GFP). To reveal the mechanism for the increased cell number after HBX treatment, we searched for possible alterations in the cell cycle and apoptosis by flow cytometry. We found that HBX treatment resulted in an increase in the S phase cell cycle fraction and a decrease in apoptosis. In addition, we examined the differentiation of HPCs infected with Ad-HBX and found that the HBX expression in HP14.5 cells led to an increased expression of early progenitor markers and a decreased expression of late hepatocyte markers. Furthermore, HBX inhibited glycogen synthesis in HP14.5 cells, indicating that HBX is capable of inhibiting terminal hepatic differentiation. Therefore, our results strongly suggest that HBX plays an important role in regulating HPC proliferation and differentiation. This is the potential mechanism of HBX-mediated liver carcinogenesis.
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Modulation Role of Abscisic Acid (ABA) on Growth, Water Relations and Glycinebetaine Metabolism in Two Maize (Zea mays L.) Cultivars under Drought Stress.
Int J Mol Sci
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The role of plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) in plants under drought stress (DS) is crucial in modulating physiological responses that eventually lead to adaptation to an unfavorable environment; however, the role of this hormone in modulation of glycinebetaine (GB) metabolism in maize particularly at the seedling stage is still poorly understood. Some hydroponic experiments were conducted to investigate the modulation role of ABA on plant growth, water relations and GB metabolism in the leaves of two maize cultivars, Zhengdan 958 (ZD958; drought tolerant), and Jundan 20 (JD20; drought sensitive), subjected to integrated root-zone drought stress (IR-DS) simulated by the addition of polyethylene glycol (PEG, 12% w/v, MW 6000). The IR-DS substantially resulted in increased betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase (BADH) activity and choline content which act as the key enzyme and initial substrate, respectively, in GB biosynthesis. Drought stress also induced accumulation of GB, whereas it caused reduction in leaf relative water content (RWC) and dry matter (DM) in both cultivars. The contents of ABA and GB increased in drought-stressed maize seedlings, but ABA accumulated prior to GB accumulation under the drought treatment. These responses were more predominant in ZD958 than those in JD20. Addition of exogenous ABA and fluridone (Flu) (ABA synthesis inhibitor) applied separately increased and decreased BADH activity, respectively. Abscisic acid application enhanced GB accumulation, leaf RWC and shoot DM production in both cultivars. However, of both maize cultivars, the drought sensitive maize cultivar (JD20) performed relatively better than the other maize cultivar ZD958 under both ABA and Flu application in view of all parameters appraised. It is, therefore, concluded that increase in both BADH activity and choline content possibly resulted in enhancement of GB accumulation under DS. The endogenous ABA was probably involved in the regulation of GB metabolism by regulating BADH activity, and resulting in modulation of water relations and plant growth under drought, especially in the drought sensitive maize cultivar JD20.
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Identification and characterization of paramyosin from cyst wall of metacercariae implicated protective efficacy against Clonorchis sinensis infection.
PLoS ONE
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Human clonorchiasis has been increasingly prevalent in recent years and results in a threat to the public health in epidemic regions, motivating current strategies of vaccines to combat Clonorchis sinensis (C. sinensis). In this study, we identified C. sinensis paramyosin (CsPmy) from the cyst wall proteins of metacercariae by proteomic approaches and characterized the expressed recombinant pET-26b-CsPmy protein (101 kDa). Bioinformatics analysis indicated that full-length sequences of paramyosin are conserved in helminthes and numerous B-cell/T-cell epitopes were predicted in amino acid sequence of CsPmy. Western blot analysis showed that CsPmy was expressed at four life stages of C. sinensis, both cyst wall proteins and soluble tegumental components could be probed by anti-CsPmy serum. Moreover, immunolocalization results revealed that CsPmy was specifically localized at cyst wall and excretory bladder of metacercaria, as well as the tegument, oral sucker and vitellarium of adult worm. Both immunoblot and immunolocalization results demonstrated that CsPmy was highly expressed at the stage of adult worm, metacercariae and cercaria, which could be supported by real-time PCR analysis. Both recombinant protein and nucleic acid of CsPmy showed strong immunogenicity in rats and induced combined Th1/Th2 immune responses, which were reflected by continuous high level of antibody titers and increased level of IgG1/IgG2a subtypes in serum. In vaccine trials, comparing with control groups, both CsPmy protein and DNA vaccine exhibited protective effect with significant worm reduction rate of 54.3% (p<0.05) and 36.1% (p<0.05), respectively. In consistence with immune responses in sera, elevated level of cytokines IFN-? and IL-4 in splenocytes suggested that CsPmy could induce combined cellular immunity and humoral immunity in host. Taken together, CsPmy could be a promising vaccine candidate in the prevention of C. sinensis regarding its high immunogenicity and surface localization.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.