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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Methylated TIMP-3 DNA in Body Fluids Is an Independent Prognostic Factor for Gastric Cancer.
Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
PUBLISHED: 10-31-2014
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Context .- Fluid methylated DNA may be a suitable biomarker for cancer patients. Objective .- To investigate whether circulating methylated tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 3 (TIMP-3) DNA in body fluids is a useful prognostic biomarker in gastric cancer (GC). Design .- TIMP-3 methylation was detected by real-time methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction in tumor tissues, paired preoperative peritoneal washes (PPWs), and paired serum samples from 92 GC patients. Results .- The frequency of TIMP-3 methylation was significantly elevated in GC tissues (63.04%; 58 of 92) compared with that in paired adjacent normal tissue (4.3%; 4 of 92) (P < .001). TIMP-3 methylation correlated closely with peritoneal metastasis and TNM stage (all P < .001). The frequency of TIMP-3 methylation in preoperative peritoneal washes and serum samples was 53.3% (49 of 92) and 58.7% (54 of 92), respectively. The A? values of the receiver operator characteristic curve for methylated TIMP-3 were 0.966 and 0.922 for serum and preoperative peritoneal washes, respectively, compared with those in GC tissues. The patients with elevated methylated TIMP-3 levels in body fluids had poorer disease-free survival rates than those without (all P < .001). Cox regression analysis showed that detection of methylated TIMP-3 DNA in body fluids was an independent risk factor for GC patients, with a remarkable decrease in disease-free survival 30 months after surgical resection of the gastric tumor. Conclusion .- Presence of methylated TIMP-3 DNA in body fluids is a useful biomarker for predicting the progression and prognosis of GC patients.
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Inhibitory effects of transcription factor Ikaros on the expression of liver cancer stem cell marker CD133 in hepatocellular carcinoma.
Oncotarget
PUBLISHED: 10-11-2014
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CD133 is a cellular surface glycoprotein that has been reported as a marker for the enrichment of cancer stem cells (CSCs). However, the regulatory mechanism of CD133 remains unknown. CSCs have been proposed to contribute to radioresistance and multi-drug resistance. The elucidation of key regulators of CD133 and CSCs is critical for the development of CSC-targeted therapy. In this study, we showed that Ikarosinhibited the expression of CD133 via direct binding to the CD133 P1 promoter and repressed the tumorigenic and self-renewal capacity of CD133+ cancer stem-like cells in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We found that Ikaros interacted with CtBP as a transcription repressor complex, which inhibited CD133 expression in HCC. We also demonstrated that Ikaros expression was up-regulated by ETS1 which activity was regulated by MAPKs pathway. Furthermore, decreased expression of Ikaroswas significantly associated with poor survival in HCC patients. Overall, our study identifies that Ikaros plays a role as a transcription repressor in HCC and is a new reactivated therapeutic target for the treatment of HCC. Meanwhile, our findings provide evidence that Ikaros could be an attractive inhibitor of the target gene CD133, which reactivates anticancer mechanisms in targeted CSC therapy.
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MicroRNA signature in response to nutrient restriction and re-feeding in fast skeletal muscle of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella).
Zool. Res.
PUBLISHED: 10-10-2014
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The grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) is one of the most important cultivated fish species in China. Mounting evidences suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) may be key regulators of skeletal muscle among the grass carp, but the knowledge of the identity of myogenic miRNAs and role of miRNAs during skeletal muscle anabolic state remains limited. In the present study, we choose 8 miRNAs previously reported to act as muscle growth-related miRNAs for fasting-refeeding research. We investigated postprandial changes in the expression of 8 miRNAs following a single satiating meal in grass carp juveniles who had been fasting for one week and found that 7 miRNAs were sharply up-regulated within 1 or 3 h after refeeding, suggesting that they may be promising candidate miRNAs involved in a fast-response signaling system that regulates fish skeletal muscle growth.
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[Effect on M1 macrophages of shenlian extracts].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-03-2014
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This study discusses the effects of Shenlian extracts (SL) on M1 macrophages in atherosclerosis. The MTT assay was used to detect the growth inhibition rates of RAW264.7 cells. RAW264.7 cells were stimulated with murine interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) plus lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to induce M1 macrophages. The different concentrations of SL extracts (high-dose 50 mg x L(-1), moderate-dose 25 mg x L(-1), low-dose 12.5 mg x L(-1)) were added. The CD86 of M1 macrophages in cell membrane was measured by flow cytometry. The mRNA expression of iNOS and TNF-alpha gene was detected by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR). And the supernatants were collected, the content of IL-6 and TNF-alpha were detected with ELISA kits. The results of this experiment show that the expression of the cell membrane molecule CD86, iNOS and TNF-alpha gene, the content of IL-6 and TNF-alpha was obviously increased in M1 macrophages by IFN-gamma and LPS. The different doses of SL extract could reduce the expression of the above indicators. The above experimental results demonstrate that IFN-gamma combined LPS can induce RAW264.7 cell to type into M1 macrophages, and SL extracts can inhibit M1 macrophages.
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Caudal regulates the spatiotemporal dynamics of pair-rule waves in Tribolium.
PLoS Genet.
PUBLISHED: 10-01-2014
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In the short-germ beetle Tribolium castaneum, waves of pair-rule gene expression propagate from the posterior end of the embryo towards the anterior and eventually freeze into stable stripes, partitioning the anterior-posterior axis into segments. Similar waves in vertebrates are assumed to arise due to the modulation of a molecular clock by a posterior-to-anterior frequency gradient. However, neither a molecular candidate nor a functional role has been identified to date for such a frequency gradient, either in vertebrates or elsewhere. Here we provide evidence that the posterior gradient of Tc-caudal expression regulates the oscillation frequency of pair-rule gene expression in Tribolium. We show this by analyzing the spatiotemporal dynamics of Tc-even-skipped expression in strong and mild knockdown of Tc-caudal, and by correlating the extension, level and slope of the Tc-caudal expression gradient to the spatiotemporal dynamics of Tc-even-skipped expression in wild type as well as in different RNAi knockdowns of Tc-caudal regulators. Further, we show that besides its absolute importance for stripe generation in the static phase of the Tribolium blastoderm, a frequency gradient might serve as a buffer against noise during axis elongation phase in Tribolium as well as vertebrates. Our results highlight the role of frequency gradients in pattern formation.
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Complete mitochondrial genome of the hybrid of Oreochromis niloticus (?)?×?Oreochromis aureus (?).
Mitochondrial DNA
PUBLISHED: 09-27-2014
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Abstract In this paper, the complete mitochondrial genome of the hybrid of Oreochromis niloticus (?)?×?Oreochromis aureus (?) was determined using PCR-based method. The mitogenome was 16,663?bp in length, containing the same gene order and an identical number of genes or regions with the other Cichlid fishes, including 13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes and 1 putative control region. The overall composition of the mitogenome was 30.92% C, 27.98% A, 25.54% T, 15.56% G, with a slight AT bias of 53.52% occurs in the hybrid mitogenome. All the protein-coding genes were initiated by typical ATG codon, except for COX1 gene with the initiation codon GTG. Eight genes end with the complete stop codon TAA or TAG, while the COX2, COX3, ND3, ND4 and Cytb genes terminated with an incomplete stop codon T. The complete mitochondrial genome of Oreochromis niloticus (?)?×?Oreochromis aureus (?) may provide important DNA molecular data for further elucidation of evolutionary mechanisms in the hybrid fish of Cichlidae.
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Competitive coordination control of the AIE and micro states of supramolecular gel: an efficient approach for reversible dual-channel stimuli-response materials.
Soft Matter
PUBLISHED: 09-13-2014
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An organogelator () based on multi self-assembly driving forces, fluorescent signal groups and coordination binding sites was designed and synthesized. could form a stable Cd(2+)-coordinated supramolecular metallogel () accompanied by strong brilliant blue aggregation-induced fluorescence emission (AIE). By the competitive coordination of Cd(2+) with gelator and I(-), the AIE of could be reversibly switched "on-off-on" under gel-gel states via alternative adding I(-) and Cd(2+) into . Interestingly, because of the competitive coordination of Cd(2+) with I(-), the micro structure of the xerogel carried out dramatic changes and formed lots of micro cavities. These micro cavities could absorb iodine vapour and caused the color of xerogel change from white to brown. The could not only act as a convenient high selective and sensitive I(-) detection test kit (detection limit for I(-) is 1.0 × 10(-7) M) but also as rewritable dual-channel security display materials.
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[Antitumor components screening of Stellera chamaejasme L. under the case of discrete distribution of active data].
Yao Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 09-13-2014
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This is to report the screening, extracting and validating antitumor components and compounds from Stellera chamaejasme L. under the case of discrete distribution of active data. In this work, different components from Stellera chamaejasme L. were collected by HPD macroporous resin and polyamide resin column, and their antitumor activity on A549 were tested by MTT assay. Activity results indicate that activity of components at 30-39 min is more potent than that of Stellera chamaejasme L. extract, and the activity of components at 33.97 min is equivalent to positive drug, cis-platinum at 100 microg x mL(-1), but with totally different mode of action. Under the case of discrete activity, the weight analysis is capable of screening active components and compounds from natural products.
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[Study on dynamic change of middle and micro element in Panax notoginseng plant soils with different interval year].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-11-2014
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To study effects of different interval year on Panax notoginseng plant soils middle and micro element content.
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[Study on dynamic change law of N, P and K in Panax notoginseng plant soils with different interval year].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-11-2014
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To study effects of different interval year on Panax notoginseng plant soils macro element content.
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Selective binding and reverse transcription inhibition of single-strand poly(A) RNA by metal TMPyP complexes.
Inorg Chem
PUBLISHED: 09-09-2014
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Ni-, Cu-, and Zn-TMPyP are capable of binding to single-strand poly(A) RNA with high preference and affinity and inhibiting the reverse transcription of RNA by both M-MuLV and HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. With 10 nM azidothymidine, the IC50 value of M-TMPyP could be lowered to 10(-1) ?M order.
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Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of serum cytokine levels in breast cancer.
Clin. Lab.
PUBLISHED: 08-20-2014
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This study was designed to examine the serum levels of six cytokines (IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, and IL-10) in treated and untreated breast cancer patients and assess their clinical significance. The correlation of the Th1/Th2 type cytokine levels and the clinicopathologic variables was further evaluated.
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[Research on bioactive ingredients in rat liver after oral administration of different combinations of Wuji pill].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-07-2014
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A L9 (3(4)) orthogonal design table to be used to get nine combinations of extraction of three herbs of Wuji pill: Coptis chinensis, Tetradium ruticarpum and Paeonia lactiflora Pall., and nine extraction of single herbs correspondingly, altogether eighteen combinations. Quantification of five representative bioactive ingredients: berberine, palmatine, evodiamine, rutaecarpine, paeoniflorin in rat liver by ultra high liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry after oral administration at 2 h time point of eighteen combinations. The result shows the bioactive ingredients have different concentrations betweem different combinations and the single herb with the same dosage significantly as well as the same dose combinations. C. chinensis with evodiamine concentration of low and high dose T. ruticarpum was positively correlated. T. ruticarpum with berberine concentration of low dose C. chinensis was negatively correlated and of meddle dose C. chinensis was correlated positively. T. ruticarpum with paeoniflorin concentration of middle dose P. lactiflora was correlated positively. P. lactiflora with palmatine concentration of middle dose C. chinensis was negatively correlated and with evodiamine and rutaecarpine concentration of middle dose T. ruticarpum was negatively correlated. These shows the three single herbs interactions resulted in the differences of each ingredients concentration in rat liver. The orthogonal analysis indicates the combination 12: 6: 6 make the maximum concentration in rat liver.
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A novel strategy for the design of smart supramolecular gels: controlling stimuli-response properties through competitive coordination of two different metal ions.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 07-31-2014
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By rationally introducing Ca(2+) and Fe(3+) into a supramolecular gel, a bimetal-gel CaFeG was prepared. CaFeG could reversibly "turn-on" its fluorescence upon sensing H2PO4(-) with specific selectivity under gel-gel states through the competitive coordination of Ca(2+) and Fe(3+) with gelators and H2PO4(-). Thus, CaFeG could act as a H2PO4(-) test kit and could be utilised in rewritable security display materials.
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Induced magnetization in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/BiFeO3 superlattices.
Phys. Rev. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 07-24-2014
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Using polarized neutron reflectometry, we observe an induced magnetization of 75 ± 25 kA/m at 10 K in a La(0.7)Sr(0.3)MnO(3) (LSMO)/BiFeO(3) superlattice extending from the interface through several atomic layers of the BiFeO(3) (BFO). The induced magnetization in BFO is explained by density functional theory, where the size of band gap of BFO plays an important role. Considering a classical exchange field between the LSMO and BFO layers, we further show that magnetization is expected to extend throughout the BFO, which provides a theoretical explanation for the results of the neutron scattering experiment.
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Association between the CYP2E1 polymorphisms and lung cancer risk: a meta-analysis.
Mol. Genet. Genomics
PUBLISHED: 07-19-2014
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The previous, published data on the association between CYP2E1 RsaI (rs2031920), DraI (rs6413432) polymorphisms and lung cancer risk remained controversial. Hence, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the association between lung cancer and CYP2E1 RsaI (5,074 cases and 6,828 controls from 34 studies), and CYP2E1 DraI (2,093 cases and 2,508 controls from 16 studies) in different inheritance models. Overall, significantly decreased lung cancer risk was observed (dominant model: odds ratio (OR) 0.80, 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI) 0.71-0.90; heterozygote model: OR 0.80, 95 % CI 0.70-0.90; additive model: OR 0.82, 95 % CI 0.72-0.94) when all the eligible studies were pooled into the meta-analysis of CYP2E1 RsaI polymorphism. In further stratified and sensitivity analyses, significantly decreased lung cancer risk was found among Asians (dominant model: OR 0.81, 95 % CI 0.71-0.93; heterozygous model: OR 0.81, 95 % CI 0.69-0.95), population-based studies (dominant model: OR 0.69, 95 % CI 0.54-0.88; recessive model: OR 0.39, 95 % CI 0.16-0.91; additive model: OR 0.67, 95 % CI 0.53-0.84; homozygous model: OR 0.34, 95 % CI 0.14-0.80; heterozygous model: OR 0.70, 95 % CI 0.54-0.91), hospital-based studies (dominant model: OR 0.80, 95 % CI 0.69-0.93; additive model: OR 0.84, 95 % CI 0.70-1.00; heterozygous model: OR 0.80, 95 % CI 0.68-0.95), lung AC (heterozygous model: OR 0.84, 95 % CI 0.71-1.00), smokers (dominant model: OR 0.72, 95 % CI 0.55-0.94), and non-smokers (dominant model: OR 0.74, 95 % CI 0.61-0.91). There was no significant association between CYP2E1 DraI polymorphism and the risk of lung cancer when all the eligible studies were pooled into the meta-analysis. However, in further stratified and sensitivity analyses, significant association was observed among smokers (dominant model: OR 0.49, 95 % CI 0.35-0.69). In summary, this meta-analysis indicates that CYP2E1 RsaI polymorphism is associated with lung cancer risk among Asians, CYP2E1 RsaI polymorphism may be associated with lung adenocarcinoma risk, and CYP2E1 RsaI and DraI polymorphisms may be associated with decreased lung cancer risk in smokers.
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Distinctive pathways characterize A. actinomycetemcomitans and P. gingivalis.
Mol. Biol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 07-17-2014
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The study aimed to compare the molecular mechanism of Porphuromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A. actinomycetemcomitans). With microarray dataset (GSE9723) from Gene Expression Omnibus, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified comparing normal cell samples with A. actinomycetemcomitans-infected and P. gingivalis-infected periodontitis cell samples, respectively (|logFC| > 1, p value <0.01), followed by hierarchical cluster analysis using Cluster software. Network topological features of A. actinomycetemcomitans-related and P. gingivalis-related protein-protein interaction networks, and background network, which included average shortest path length (ASPL), degree, closeness centrality (CC), eccentricity (EC), betweenness centrality (BC) and topological coefficient (TC) were compared using network analysis plugin of Cytoscape, followed by pathway enrichment analysis (p value <0.05) using FISHER hyper-geometric algorithm and calculation of pathway alter scores using LIMMA. Totally, 839 DEGs and 251 DEGs were screened for A. actinomycetemcomitans and P. gingivalis, respectively. A. actinomycetemcomitans-related network had lower ASPL, degree and EC but higher CC and TC (p < 0.01), while P. gingivalis-related network had lower EC but higher CC and BC (p < 0.01) compared to background network. P. gingivalis-related network had lower ASPL, degree and EC, but higher CC than the A. actinomycetemcomitans-related network (p < 0.05). A. actinomycetemcomitans was associated with the pathways relating to endothelial cells function, while neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction and MAPK pathways were important for P. gingivalis, which had higher alter scores in hematopoietic cell lineage, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy pathways than A. actinomycetemcomitans. Genes and pathways of the two pathogens were distinctive. The findings aided in preventing and treating relevant diseases.
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Left Axillary Pacemaker Generator Implantation with a Direct Puncture of the Left Axillary Vein.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol
PUBLISHED: 07-10-2014
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Pacemaker generators are routinely implanted in the anterior chest. However, where to place the generator may need to be considered from the mental, functional, and cosmetic standpoints.
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EGFR-AKT-mTOR activation mediates epiregulin-induced pleiotropic functions in cultured osteoblasts.
Mol. Cell. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 07-10-2014
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Epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR) emerges as an essential molecule for the regulating of osteoblast cellular functions. In the current study, we explored the effect of epiregulin, a new EGFR ligand, on osteoblast functions in vitro, and studied the underlying mechanisms. We found that epiregulin-induced EGFR activation in both primary osteoblasts and osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells. Meanwhile, epiregulin activated AKT-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and Erk-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalings in cultured osteoblasts, which were blocked by EGFR inhibitor AG1478 or monoclonal antibody against EGFR (anti-EGFR). Further, in primary and MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts, epiregulin promoted cell proliferation and increased alkaline phosphatase activity, while inhibiting dexamethasone (Dex)-induced cell death. Such effects by epiregulin were largely inhibited by AG1478 or anti-EGFR. Notably, AKT-mTOR inhibitors, but not Erk inhibitors, alleviated epiregulin-induced above pleiotropic functions in osteoblasts. Meanwhile, siRNA depletion of Sin1, a key component of mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2), also suppressed epiregulin-exerted effects in MC3T3-E1 cells. Together, these results suggest that epiregulin-induced pleiotropic functions in cultured osteoblasts are mediated through EGFR-AKT-mTOR signalings.
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MicroRNA-184 promotes proliferation ability of glioma cells by regulating FOXO3.
Asian Pac J Trop Med
PUBLISHED: 07-10-2014
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To investigate the effect of microRNA (miR-184) on regulating the genesis, development and proliferation of glioma cells.
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Rationally designed anion-responsive-organogels: sensing F? via reversible color changes in gel-gel states with specific selectivity.
Soft Matter
PUBLISHED: 07-02-2014
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Through the rational introduction of the multi self-assembly driving forces and F(-) sensing sites into a gelator molecule, low-molecular-weight organogelators L1 and L2 were designed and synthesized. L1 and L2 showed excellent gelation ability in DMF and DMSO. They could form stable organogels (OGL1 and OGL2) in DMF and DMSO with very low critical gelation concentrations. OGL1 and OGL2 could act as anion-responsive organogels (AROGs). Unlike most of the reported AROGs showing gel-sol phase transition according to the anions' stimulation, OGL1 could colorimetrically sense F(-) under gel-gel states. Upon addition of F(-), OGL1 showed dramatic color changes, while the color could be recovered by adding H(+). Moreover, OGL1 showed specific selectivity for F(-), other common anions and cations could not lead to any similar response. What deserves to be mentioned is that the report on specific sensing of anions under gel-gel states is very scarce. The gel-gel state recognition can endow the organogel OGL1 with the merits of facile and efficient properties for rapid detection of F(-). Therefore, OGL1 could act as a F(-) responsive smart material.
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Antioxidant effects of lipophilic tea polyphenols on diethylnitrosamine/phenobarbital-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in rats.
In Vivo
PUBLISHED: 07-02-2014
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The purpose of the present study was to compare the antioxidant potential of lipophilic tea polyphenols (LTP) against the one of naturally-occurring water-soluble green tea polyphenols (GTP) in a two-stage model of diethylnitrosamine (DEN)/phenobarbital (PB)-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in Sprague-Dawley rats.
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Major alterations in transcript profiles between C3-C4 and C4 photosynthesis of an amphibious species Eleocharis baldwinii.
Plant Mol. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2014
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Engineering C4 photosynthetic metabolism into C3 crops is regarded as a major strategy to increase crop productivity, and clarification of the evolutionary processes of C4 photosynthesis can help the better use of this strategy. Here, Eleocharis baldwinii, a species in which C4 photosynthesis can be induced from a C3-C4 state under either environmental or ABA treatments, was used to identify the major transcriptional modifications during the process from C3-C4 to C4. The transcriptomic comparison suggested that in addition to the major differences in C4 core pathway, the pathways of glycolysis, citrate acid metabolism and protein synthesis were dramatically modified during the inducement of C4 photosynthetic states. Transcripts of many transporters, including not only metabolite transporters but also ion transporters, were dramatically increased in C4 photosynthetic state. Many candidate regulatory genes with unidentified functions were differentially expressed in C3-C4 and C4 photosynthetic states. Finally, it was indicated that ABA, auxin signaling and DNA methylation play critical roles in the regulation of C4 photosynthesis. In summary, by studying the different photosynthetic states of the same species, this work provides the major transcriptional differences between C3-C4 and C4 photosynthesis, and many of the transcriptional differences are potentially related to C4 development and therefore are the potential targets for reverse genetics studies.
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The microRNA Signature in Response to Nutrient Restriction and Refeeding in Skeletal Muscle of Chinese Perch (Siniperca chuatsi).
Mar. Biotechnol.
PUBLISHED: 06-08-2014
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The Chinese perch (Siniperca chuatsi) is one of the most commercially important carnivorous fish species in aquaculture with its large-scale culture in China. Increasing evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in muscle cell proliferation and differentiation. However, the knowledge of the identity of myogenic miRNAs and the effect of nutrient status on miRNA expression in teleost remains limited. In the present study, among the 21 miRNAs identified with high abundance in the fast muscle of adult Chinese perch, 19 miRNAs were differentially expressed in the adults and juveniles. The postprandial changes in the transcript abundance were determined for the 21 miRNAs following a single satiating meal in the juveniles after fasting for 1 week. The results showed that the seven miRNAs (miR-10c, miR-107a, miR-133a-3p, miR-140-3p, miR-181a-5p, miR-206, and miR-214) were sharply upregulated or downregulated within 1 h after refeeding. These miRNAs may be the promising candidate miRNAs involved in a fast-response signaling system that regulates fish skeletal muscle growth. Target prediction and expressional analysis suggested that four miRNAs (miR-10c, miR-107a, miR-140-3p, and miR-181a-5p) might play a role in regulating the translation of target gene transcripts such as myostatin following acute anabolic stimuli.
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Was low CO2 a driving force of C4 evolution: Arabidopsis responses to long-term low CO2 stress.
J. Exp. Bot.
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2014
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The responses of long-term growth of plants under elevated CO2 have been studied extensively. Comparatively, the responses of plants to subambient CO2 concentrations have not been well studied. This study aims to investigate the responses of the model C3 plant, Arabidopsis thaliana, to low CO2 at the molecular level. Results showed that low CO2 dramatically decreased biomass productivity, together with delayed flowering and increased stomatal density. Furthermore, alteration of thylakoid stacking in both bundle sheath and mesophyll cells, upregulation of PEPC and PEPC-K together with altered expression of a number of regulators known involved in photosynthesis development were observed. These responses to low CO2 are discussed with regard to the fitness of C3 plants under low CO2. This work also briefly discusses the relevance of the data to C4 photosynthesis evolution.
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Double metal ions competitively control the guest-sensing process: a facile approach to stimuli-responsive supramolecular gels.
Chemistry
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2014
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A facile approach to the design of stimuli-responsive supramolecular gels (SRSGs) termed double-metal-ion competitive coordination control is reported. By this means, the fluorescence signals and guest-selective responsiveness of the SRSGs are controlled by the competitive coordination of two different metal ions with the gelators and the target guest. To demonstrate this approach, a gelator G2 based on multiple self-assembly driving forces was synthesized. G2 could form Ca(2+) -coordinated metallogel CaG with strong aggregation-induced emission (AIE). Doping of CaG with Cu(2+) results in AIE quenching of CaG and formation of Ca(2+) - and Cu(2+) -based metallogel CaCuG. CaCuG could fluorescently detect CN(-) with specific selectivity through the competitive coordination of CN(-) with the Cu(2+) and the coordination of Ca(2+) with G2 again. This approach may open up routes to novel stimuli-responsive supramolecular materials.
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Posttranslational Modification of Maize Chloroplast Pyruvate Orthophosphate Dikinase Reveals the Precise Regulatory Mechanism of Its Enzymatic Activity.
Plant Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 04-07-2014
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In C4 plants, pyruvate orthophosphate dikinase (PPDK) activity is tightly dark/light regulated by reversible phosphorylation of an active-site threonine (Thr) residue; this process is catalyzed by PPDK regulatory protein (PDRP). Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of PPDK lead to its inactivation and activation, respectively. Here, we show that light intensity rather than the light/dark transition regulates PPDK activity by modulating the reversible phosphorylation at Thr-527 (previously termed Thr-456) of PPDK in maize (Zea mays). The amount of PPDK (unphosphorylated) involved in C4 photosynthesis is indeed strictly controlled by light intensity, despite the high levels of PPDK protein that accumulate in mesophyll chloroplasts. In addition, we identified a transit peptide cleavage site, uncovered partial amino-terminal acetylation, and detected phosphorylation at four serine (Ser)/Thr residues, two of which were previously unknown in maize. In vitro experiments indicated that Thr-527 and Ser-528, but not Thr-309 and Ser-506, are targets of PDRP. Modeling suggests that the two hydrogen bonds between the highly conserved residues Ser-528 and glycine-525 are required for PDRP-mediated phosphorylation of the active-site Thr-527 of PPDK. Taken together, our results suggest that the regulation of maize plastid PPDK isoform (C4PPDK) activity is much more complex than previously reported. These diverse regulatory pathways may work alone or in combination to fine-tune C4PPDK activity in response to changes in lighting.
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Ventricular fibrillation mechanisms and cardiac restitutions: An investigation by simulation study on whole-heart model.
Comput. Biol. Med.
PUBLISHED: 03-27-2014
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The action potential duration (APD) and the conduction velocity (CV) restitution have been reported to be important in the maintenance and conversion of ventricular fibrillation (VF), whose mechanisms remain poorly understood. Multiple-wavelet and/or mother-rotor have been regarded as the main VF mechanisms, and APD restitution (APDR) and CV restitution (CVR) properties are involved in the mutual conversion or transition between VF and ventricular tachycardia (VT).
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EGFR trans-activation mediates pleiotrophin-induced activation of Akt and Erk in cultured osteoblasts.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2014
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Pleiotrophin (Ptn) plays an important role in bone growth through regulating osteoblasts' functions. The underlying signaling mechanisms are not fully understood. In the current study, we found that Ptn induced heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (HB-EGF) release to trans-activate EGF-receptor (EGFR) in both primary osteoblasts and osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells. Meanwhile, Ptn activated Akt and Erk signalings in cultured osteoblasts. The EGFR inhibitor AG1478 as well as the monoclonal antibody against HB-EGF (anti-HB-EGF) significantly inhibited Ptn-induced EGFR activation and Akt and Erk phosphorylations in MC3T3-E1 cells and primary osteoblasts. Further, EGFR siRNA depletion or dominant negative mutation suppressed also Akt and Erk activation in MC3T3-E1 cells. Finally, we observed that Ptn increased alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and inhibited dexamethasone (Dex)-induced cell death in both MC3T3-E1 cells and primary osteoblasts, such effects were alleviated by AG1478 or anti-HB-EGF. Together, these results suggest that Ptn-induced Akt/Erk activation and some of its pleiotropic functions are mediated by EGFR trans-activation in cultured osteoblasts.
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Antimicrobial potency and selectivity of simplified symmetric-end peptides.
Biomaterials
PUBLISHED: 03-14-2014
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Because antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are potentially useful for the treatment of multidrug-resistant infections, more attention is being paid to the structural modification and structure-function relationship of both naturally occurring and synthetic AMPs. Previous studies indicated that Protegrin-1 (PG-1), isolated from porcine leukocytes, exhibited considerable antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity. The ?-turn of PG-1 floated on the surface of bacterial membrane, while its ?-strand inserted into the bacterial membrane and formed pores that were dedicated to producing cytotoxicity. For reducing cytotoxicity and improving cells selectivity, we designed a series of simplified symmetric-end peptides by combining the ?-turn of PG-1 with simple amino acid repeat sequences. The sequence of designed symmetric-end peptides is (XR)nH(RX)n, (n = 1,2; X represents I, F, W and P; H represents CRRRFC). The symmetric-end peptides displayed antimicrobial activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. In particular, (XR)2H(RX)2 (X here is I, F and W) showed greater antimicrobial potency than PG-1. Hemolysis activity and cytotoxicity, detected by using human red blood cells (RBCs) and human embryonic lung fibroblasts MRC-5 cells, were observably lower than the native peptide PG-1. (IR)2H(RI)2 (IR2), folded into ?-sheet structures, displayed the highest therapeutic index, suggesting its great cell selectivity. The fluorescence spectroscopy, flow cytometry, and electron microscopy observation indicated that IR2 exhibited great membrane penetration potential by inducing membrane blebbing, disruption and lysis. Collectively, generating symmetric-end ?-sheet peptides is a promising strategy for designing effective AMPs with great antimicrobial activities and cell selectivity.
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Complete mitochondrial genome of Papilio syfanius (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae).
Mitochondrial DNA
PUBLISHED: 03-14-2014
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Abstract The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of the swallowtail butterfly Papilio syfanius has been completed. It is 15,359?bp, and contains the typical complement of 13 protein-coding (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) and 2 ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes. Two A?+?T-rich regions are included in this mitogenome. The nucleotide composition is very similar to other insects, showing a high bias towards A?+?T, especially the control region (92.8%). Gene order in P. syfanius mitogenome is basically identical to that of the inferred ancestral insect genome, with the exception of translocations of trnM, which is common in genus Papilio.
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Three distinct biochemical subtypes of C4 photosynthesis? A modelling analysis.
J. Exp. Bot.
PUBLISHED: 03-08-2014
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C4 photosynthesis has higher light-use, nitrogen-use, and water-use efficiencies than C3 photosynthesis. Historically, most of C4 plants were classified into three subtypes (NADP-malic enzyme (ME), NAD-ME, or phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) subtypes) according to their major decarboxylation enzyme. However, a wealth of historic and recent data indicates that flexibility exists between different decarboxylation pathways in many C4 species, and this flexibility might be controlled by developmental and environmental cues. This work used systems modelling to theoretically explore the significance of flexibility in decarboxylation mechanisms and transfer acids utilization. The results indicate that employing mixed C4 pathways, either the NADP-ME type with the PEPCK type or the NAD-ME type with the PEPCK type, effectively decreases the need to maintain high concentrations and concentration gradients of transport metabolites. Further, maintaining a mixture of C4 pathways robustly affords high photosynthetic efficiency under a broad range of light regimes. A pure PEPCK-type C4 photosynthesis is not beneficial because the energy requirements in bundle sheath cells cannot be fulfilled due to them being shaded by mesophyll cells. Therefore, only two C4 subtypes should be considered as distinct subtypes, the NADP-ME type and NAD-ME types, which both inherently involve a supplementary PEPCK cycle.
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Comparison of the sagittal profiles among thoracic idiopathic scoliosis patients with different Cobb angles and growth potentials.
J Orthop Surg Res
PUBLISHED: 02-24-2014
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Previous studies have demonstrated that pelvic incidence and sacral slope are significantly greater in idiopathic scoliosis patients compared with normal adolescents. However, whether these sagittal parameters are related to the progression of scoliosis remain unknown. The present was designed to determine the differences in the sagittal profiles among thoracic idiopathic scoliosis patients with different potentials for curve progression.
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Management of bile duct injuries combined with accessory hepatic duct during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 02-22-2014
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Bile duct injuries (BDIs) are difficult to avoid absolutely when the biliary tract has a malformation, such as accessory hepatic duct. Here, we investigated the management strategies for BDI combined with accessory hepatic duct during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
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Development of a novel pulse wave velocity measurement system: using dual piezoelectric elements.
Med Eng Phys
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2014
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The aim of this study is to develop a painless system of measuring the brachial-ankle arterial pulse wave velocity (baPWV) without compression cuffs. The PWV reflects the compliance of the artery and is measured for the early diagnosis of arteriosclerotic vascular diseases. However, the conventional baPWV system, which measures four cuff pressures simultaneously, easily causes circulation block and tightening pain at the extremities. In addition, approximately 15 min are required to stabilise the blood pressure for re-examination. Therefore, we developed a novel baPWV measurement system using dual piezoelectric sensor elements. The principle of this high-sensitivity pressure pulse detection system is based on adding the two in-phase outputs from the coaxially arranged dual piezoelectric sensor. As our system facilitates the measurement of the baPWV by detecting the pulsation of an artery using sensors fixed on the skin where the pulse is palpable, it does not cause pain and reduces examination time. The coefficients of correlation between the baPWV values obtained from the conventional and present methods were 0.93 (right side) and 0.90 (left side). The results suggest that our system can be used to measure the baPWV without pressure cuffs as accurately as the conventional method.
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Elements required for an efficient NADP-malic enzyme type C4 photosynthesis.
Plant Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 02-12-2014
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C4 photosynthesis has higher light, nitrogen, and water use efficiencies than C3 photosynthesis. Although the basic anatomical, cellular, and biochemical features of C4 photosynthesis are well understood, the quantitative significance of each element of C4 photosynthesis to the high photosynthetic efficiency are not well defined. Here, we addressed this question by developing and using a systems model of C4 photosynthesis, which includes not only the Calvin-Benson cycle, starch synthesis, sucrose synthesis, C4 shuttle, and CO? leakage, but also photorespiration and metabolite transport between the bundle sheath cells and mesophyll cells. The model effectively simulated the CO? uptake rates, and the changes of metabolite concentrations under varied CO? and light levels. Analyses show that triose phosphate transport and CO? leakage can help maintain a high photosynthetic rate by balancing ATP and NADPH amounts in bundle sheath cells and mesophyll cells. Finally, we used the model to define the optimal enzyme properties and a blueprint for C4 engineering. As such, this model provides a theoretical framework for guiding C4 engineering and studying C4 photosynthesis in general.
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Chemoprevention by lipid-soluble tea polyphenols in diethylnitrosamine/phenobarbital-induced hepatic pre-cancerous lesions.
Anticancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2014
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Green tea polyphenols (GTPs) have been proposed as promising candidates for chemoprevention. However, GTPs levels are maintained relatively low in the blood and are chemically-unstable. Lipid-soluble tea polyphenols (LTPs) are products of modified GTPs with ester linkage with fatty acids. LTPs are lipophilic and expected to provide improved absorption and utilization in the body compared with water-soluble polyphenols. The current study was designed to investigate the chemo-preventive property and the possible mechanisms of LTP action against diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced liver cancer in rats.
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Effect of RNA interference therapy on the mice eosinophils CCR3 gene and granule protein in the murine model of allergic rhinitis.
Asian Pac J Trop Med
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2014
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To observe the clinical manifestations of allergic rhinitis mice and the expression changes of the eosinophils CCR3 and the granule protein mRNA in the bone marrow, peripheral blood and nasal lavage fluid.
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Nuclear BK channels regulate gene expression via the control of nuclear calcium signaling.
Nat. Neurosci.
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2014
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Ion channels are essential for the regulation of neuronal functions. The significance of plasma membrane, mitochondrial, endoplasmic reticulum and lysosomal ion channels in the regulation of Ca(2+) is well established. In contrast, surprisingly little is known about the function of ion channels on the nuclear envelope (NE). Here we demonstrate the presence of functional large-conductance, calcium-activated potassium channels (BK channels) on the NE of rodent hippocampal neurons. Functionally, blockade of nuclear BK channels (nBK channels) induces NE-derived Ca(2+) release, nucleoplasmic Ca(2+) elevation and cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB)-dependent transcription. More importantly, blockade of nBK channels regulates nuclear Ca(2+)-sensitive gene expression and promotes dendritic arborization in a nuclear Ca(2+)-dependent manner. These results suggest that the nBK channel functions as a molecular link between neuronal activity and nuclear Ca(2+) to convey signals from synapse to nucleus and is a new modulator, operating at the NE, of synaptic activity-dependent neuronal functions.
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Structure-function relationship of Val/Arg-rich peptides: effects of net charge and pro on activity.
Chem Biol Drug Des
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2014
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Our previous study reported Val/Arg-rich peptides, and the relationship was linear between hydrophobicity and antimicrobial potency within a certain range. Here, we further develop a new series of analogs to investigate the effect of net charge and Pro residue on activity. Replacement of Gly with Ala or Pro led to the decrease in antimicrobial activity. The substitution of Gly with Ala retained its hemolytic activity, while the substitution with Pro significantly decreased the toxicity, suggesting positive effect of Pro on hemolytic activity. The increase in net charge from +4 to +6 significantly improved antimicrobial activity and decreased the hemolysis. However, antibacterial and hemolytic activities were not affected by increasing the net charge from +6 to +8, indicating a moderate net positive charge. The peptides produced larger blue shifts in PE/PG than in PC/cholesterol, suggesting a stronger affinity with negatively charged membrane over zwitterionic membrane. Lowering the net charge or insert of Pro led to the lack of ?-helical structure in SDS micelles, which may be correlated with weakened antimicrobial potency. This study indicated that Val/Arg-rich peptides should have moderate net charge and Pro may play a role in reducing the toxicity against red blood cells.
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Circulating methylated MINT2 promoter DNA is a potential poor prognostic factor in gastric cancer.
Dig. Dis. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2014
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Aberrant DNA methylation has been shown to be associated with the growth, development, metastasis, and prognosis of tumors. Methylated DNAs may be suitable biomarkers for cancer patients. Here, we investigated whether circulating methylated MINT2 DNAs represent a potential poor prognostic factor in gastric cancer (GC).
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Brain structural and functional alterations in patients with unilateral hearing loss.
Hear. Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-02-2014
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Alterations of brain structure and functional connectivity have been described in patients with hearing impairments due to distinct pathogenesis; however, the influence of unilateral hearing loss (UHL) on brain morphology and regional brain activity is still not completely understood. In this study, we aim to investigate regional brain structural and functional alterations in patients with UHL. T1-weighted volumetric images and task-free fMRIs were acquired from 14 patients with right-sided UHL (pure tone average ? 40 dB HL) and 19 healthy controls. Hearing ability was assessed by pure tone audiometry. Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) was performed to detect brain regions with changed gray matter volume or white matter volume in UHL. The amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) was calculated to analyze brain activity at the baseline and was compared between two groups. Compared with controls, UHL patients showed decreased gray matter volume in bilateral posterior cingulate gyrus and precuneus, left superior/middle/inferior temporal gyrus, and right parahippocampal gyrus and lingual gyrus. Meanwhile, patients showed significantly decreased ALFF in bilateral precuneus, left inferior parietal lobule, and right inferior frontal gyrus and insula and increased ALFF in right inferior and middle temporal gyrus. These findings suggest that chronic UHL could induce brain morphological changes and is associated with aberrant baseline brain activity.
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High-glucose inhibits human fibroblast cell migration in wound healing via repression of bFGF-regulating JNK phosphorylation.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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One of the major symptoms of diabetes mellitus (DM) is delayed wound healing, which affects large populations of patients worldwide. However, the underlying mechanism behind this illness remains elusive. Skin wound healing requires a series of coordinated processes, including fibroblast cell proliferation and migration. Here, we simulate DM by application of high glucose (HG) in human foreskin primary fibroblast cells to analyze the molecular mechanism of DM effects on wound healing. The results indicate that HG, at a concentration of 30 mM, delay cell migration, but not cell proliferation. bFGF is known to promote cell migration that partially rescues HG effects on cell migration. Molecular and cell biology studies demonstrated that HG enhanced ROS production and repressed JNK phosphorylation, but did not affect Rac1 activity. JNK and Rac1 activation were known to be important for bFGF regulated cell migration. To further confirm DM effects on skin repair, a type 1 diabetic rat model was established, and we observed the efficacy of bFGF on both normal and diabetic rat skin repair. Furthermore, proteomic studies identified an increase of Annexin A2 protein nitration in HG-stressed fibroblasts and the nitration was protected by activation of bFGF signaling. Treatment with FGFR1 and JNK inhibitors delayed cell migration and increased Annexin A2 nitration levels, indicating that Annexin A2 nitration is modulated by bFGF signaling via activation of JNK. Together with these results, our data suggests that the HG-mediated delay of cell migration is linked to the inhibition of bFGF signaling, specifically through JNK suppression.
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Reconstruction of gene regulatory network related to photosynthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana.
Front Plant Sci
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Photosynthesis is one of the most important biological processes on the earth. So far, though the molecular mechanisms underlying photosynthesis is well understood, however, the regulatory networks of photosynthesis are poorly studied. Given the current interest in improving photosynthetic efficiency for greater crop yield, elucidating the detailed regulatory networks controlling the construction and maintenance of photosynthetic machinery is not only scientifically significant but also holding great potential in agricultural application. In this study, we first identified transcription factors (TFs) related to photosynthesis through the TRAP approach using position weight matrix information. Then, for TFs related to photosynthesis, interactions between them and their targets were also determined by the ARACNE approach. Finally, a gene regulatory network was established by combining TF-targets information generated by these two approaches. Topological analysis of the regulatory network suggested that (a) the regulatory network of photosynthesis has a property of "small world"; (b) there is substantial coordination mediated by transcription factors between different components in photosynthesis.
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Design of embedded-hybrid antimicrobial peptides with enhanced cell selectivity and anti-biofilm activity.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Antimicrobial peptides have attracted considerable attention because of their broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity and their low prognostic to induce antibiotic resistance which is the most common source of failure in bacterial infection treatment along with biofilms. The method to design hybrid peptide integrating different functional domains of peptides has many advantages. In this study, we designed an embedded-hybrid peptide R-FV-I16 by replacing a functional defective sequence RR7 with the anti-biofilm sequence FV7 embedded in the middle position of peptide RI16. The results demonstrated that the synthetic hybrid the peptide R-FV-I16 had potent antimicrobial activity over a wide range of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, as well as anti-biofilm activity. More importantly, R-FV-I16 showed lower hemolytic activity and cytotoxicity. Fluorescent assays demonstrated that R-FV-I16 depolarized the outer and the inner bacterial membranes, while scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy further indicated that this peptide killed bacterial cells by disrupting the cell membrane, thereby damaging membrane integrity. Results from SEM also provided evidence that R-FV-I16 inherited anti-biofilm activity from the functional peptide sequence FV7. Embedded-hybrid peptides could provide a new pattern for combining different functional domains and showing an effective avenue to screen for novel antimicrobial agents.
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Enhanced serum methylated p16 DNAs is associated with the progression of gastric cancer.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The present study is to evaluate the effect of methylated p16 on the progression in patients with gastric cancer (GC), and develop a useful biomarker for predicting patient's prognosis.
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Association study on ADAM33 polymorphisms in mite-sensitized persistent allergic rhinitis in a Chinese population.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The ADAM33 gene has been identified as a potentially important asthma candidate gene and polymorphisms in this gene have been shown to be associated with asthma and seasonal allergic rhinitis.
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Rare copy number variations containing genes involved in RASopathies: deletion of SHOC2 and duplication of PTPN11.
Mol Cytogenet
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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RASopathies are a group of disorders related to Noonan syndrome that with dysregulated RAS-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. Noonan syndrome (NS, OMIM# 163950) is a both phenotypically and genotypically variable disorder. We and other researchers have demonstrated that copy number variations underlie a small percentage of patients with RASopathies.
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Assessment of the AquaCrop model for use in simulation of irrigated winter wheat canopy cover, biomass, and grain yield in the North China Plain.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Improving winter wheat water use efficiency in the North China Plain (NCP), China is essential in light of current irrigation water shortages. In this study, the AquaCrop model was used to calibrate, and validate winter wheat crop performance under various planting dates and irrigation application rates. All experiments were conducted at the Xiaotangshan experimental site in Beijing, China, during seasons of 2008/2009, 2009/2010, 2010/2011 and 2011/2012. This model was first calibrated using data from 2008/2009 and 2009/2010, and subsequently validated using data from 2010/2011 and 2011/2012. The results showed that the simulated canopy cover (CC), biomass yield (BY) and grain yield (GY) were consistent with the measured CC, BY and GY, with corresponding coefficients of determination (R(2)) of 0.93, 0.91 and 0.93, respectively. In addition, relationships between BY, GY and transpiration (T), (R(2)?= 0.57 and 0.71, respectively) was observed. These results suggest that frequent irrigation with a small amount of water significantly improved BY and GY. Collectively, these results indicate that the AquaCrop model can be used in the evaluation of various winter wheat irrigation strategies. The AquaCrop model predicted winter wheat CC, BY and GY with acceptable accuracy. Therefore, we concluded that AquaCrop is a useful decision-making tool for use in efforts to optimize wheat winter planting dates, and irrigation strategies.
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Effect and mechanism of Qishen Yiqi Pills on adriamycin- induced cardiomyopathy in mice.
Chin J Nat Med
PUBLISHED: 12-24-2013
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To study the effect and probable mechanism of Qishen Yiqi Pills on adriamycin (ADR)-induced cardiomyopathy in mice.
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[Segmental and regional distribution of neurons and their axonal projection associated with acupoint "yongquan" (KI 1) in the rat: cholera toxin subunit B method].
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu
PUBLISHED: 12-07-2013
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To observe the distribution of neurons and their axonal projection associated with "Yongquan" (KI 1) area by neural tracing technique with cholera toxin subunit B (CTB).
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[Clinical efficacy and safety of megestrol acetate vaginal ring].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-05-2013
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To explore the efficacy and safety of megestrol acetate silicone vaginal ring.
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Association between the TP53 polymorphisms and lung cancer risk: a meta-analysis.
Mol. Biol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 11-06-2013
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The previous published data on the association between TP53 codon 72, intron 6, and intron 3 16 bp polymorphisms and lung cancer risk remained controversial. This meta-analysis of literatures was performed to derive a more precise estimation of the relationship. 38 publications with 51 studies were selected for this meta-analysis, including 17,337 cases and 16,127 controls for TP53 codon 72 (from 43 studies), 2,201 cases and 2,399 controls for TP53 intron 6 (from four studies), and 4,322 cases and 4,558 controls for TP53 intron 3 16 bp (from four studies). When all the eligible studies were pooled into the meta-analysis of codon 72 polymorphism, there was significant association between lung cancer risk and codon 72 polymorphism in any genetic model (dominant model: OR = 1.13, 95 % CI 1.05-1.21; recessive model: OR = 1.14, 95 % CI 1.02-1.27; additive model: OR = 1.19, 95 % CI 1.05-1.33). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, histological type, source of control, and smoking status, significantly increased risks were observed in subgroups such as Asians, Caucasians, lung squamous cell carcinoma patients for Asians, population-based study, hospital-based study, non-smokers, and smokers. When all the eligible studies were pooled into the meta-analysis of intron 6 polymorphism, there was significant association between lung cancer risk and intron 6 polymorphism in dominant model (OR = 1.27, 95 % CI 1.11-1.44). When all the eligible studies were pooled into the meta-analysis of intron 3 16 bp polymorphism, there was significant association between lung cancer risk and intron 3 16 bp polymorphism in dominant model (OR = 1.12, 95 % CI 1.02-1.23) and additive model (OR = 1.41, 95 % CI 1.04-1.90). Additionally, when one study was deleted in the sensitive analysis, the results of TP53 intron 3 16 bp duplication polymorphism were changed in the dominant model (OR = 1.11, 95 % CI 0.87-1.42) and additive model (OR = 1.01, 95 % CI 0.65-1.56). In summary, this meta-analysis indicates that codon 72 and intron 6 polymorphisms show an increased lung cancer risk. A study with the larger sample size is needed to further evaluated gene-environment interaction on TP53 codon 72, intron 6, and intron 3 16 bp polymorphisms and lung cancer risk.
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[The pulmonary toxicity study of nano-silica particles on rats through dynamic inhalation].
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-24-2013
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To investigate the pulmonary toxicity of different concentrations of nano-silica (nano-SiO2) under continuous dynamic inhalation conditions in the rat.
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Terahertz conductivity of topological surface states in Bi1.5Sb0.5Te1.8Se1.2.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 09-20-2013
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Topological insulators are electronic materials with an insulating bulk and conducting surface. However, due to free carriers in the bulk, the properties of the metallic surface are difficult to detect and characterize in most topological insulator materials. Recently, a new topological insulator Bi1.5Sb0.5Te1.7Se1.3 (BSTS) was found, showing high bulk resistivities of 1-10??.cm and greater contrast between the bulk and surface resistivities compared to other Bi-based topological insulators. Using Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy (THz-TDS), we present complex conductivity of BSTS single crystals, disentangling the surface and bulk contributions. We find that the Drude spectral weight is 1-2 orders of magnitude smaller than in other Bi-based topological insulators, and similar to that of Bi2Se3 thin films, suggesting a significant contribution of the topological surface states to the conductivity of the BSTS sample. Moreover, an impurity band is present about 30?meV below the Fermi level, and the surface and bulk carrier densities agree with those obtained from transport data. Furthermore, from the surface Drude contribution, we obtain a ~98% transmission through one surface layer - this is consistent with the transmission through single-layer or bilayer graphene, which shares a common Dirac-cone feature in the band structure.
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[Application of harmonic scalpel in han-uvalopalatopharyngoplasty].
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-11-2013
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To investigate the efficacy and feasibility of harmonic scalpel assisted Han-uvalopalatoparyngoplasty (H-UPPP) for obstructive sleep apnea and hyponea syndrome (OSAHS).
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The Tarenaya hassleriana genome provides insight into reproductive trait and genome evolution of crucifers.
Plant Cell
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2013
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The Brassicaceae, including Arabidopsis thaliana and Brassica crops, is unmatched among plants in its wealth of genomic and functional molecular data and has long served as a model for understanding gene, genome, and trait evolution. However, genome information from a phylogenetic outgroup that is essential for inferring directionality of evolutionary change has been lacking. We therefore sequenced the genome of the spider flower (Tarenaya hassleriana) from the Brassicaceae sister family, the Cleomaceae. By comparative analysis of the two lineages, we show that genome evolution following ancient polyploidy and gene duplication events affect reproductively important traits. We found an ancient genome triplication in Tarenaya (Th-?) that is independent of the Brassicaceae-specific duplication (At-?) and nested Brassica (Br-?) triplication. To showcase the potential of sister lineage genome analysis, we investigated the state of floral developmental genes and show Brassica retains twice as many floral MADS (for minichromosome maintenance1, AGAMOUS, DEFICIENS and serum response factor) genes as Tarenaya that likely contribute to morphological diversity in Brassica. We also performed synteny analysis of gene families that confer self-incompatibility in Brassicaceae and found that the critical serine receptor kinase receptor gene is derived from a lineage-specific tandem duplication. The T. hassleriana genome will facilitate future research toward elucidating the evolutionary history of Brassicaceae genomes.
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[Effect of Shenlian extracts on blood flow and vessel pathological changes in rabbits carotid atherosclerosis model induced by low shear stress].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-17-2013
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Lipid accumulation in the vessel wall and tunica intima vasorum pathological changes are important factors in the development of atherosclerosis, which are closely related with hemodynamics. In this paper, we established a model of local low shear stress in rabbits using carotid artery cannula and a high cholesterol diet for 2 weeks, 4 weeks and 8 weeks. The effects of Shenlian extract on blood flow, vascular pathology formation and lipid metabolism were assessed by electromagnetic blood flow meter and hematoxylin-eosin staining of the proximal end in carotid artery at different times. The results demonstrate that the relationship between blood flow and shear stress for control, atorvastatin, Shenlian extract high-dose, Shenlian extract middle-dose, and Shenlian extract low-dose were linearly related. The blood flow and the shear stress of proximal end in carotid artery of Shenlian extract (1.12, 2.24, 4.48 g x kg(-1)), and atorvastatin (4.7 x 10(-4) g x kg(-1)) were significantly (P < 0.05)increased compared with the control. Plasma total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ,and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were markedly decreased with the increasing of dose and time. This study is the first to prove that the inhibition of Shenlian extract on low shear stress (LSS) induces rabbits carotid atherosclerosis with increasing blood flow and decreasing lipids and vessel pathological changes.
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Neuroanatomical basis for acupuncture point PC8 in the rat: neural tracing study with cholera toxin subunit B.
Acupunct Med
PUBLISHED: 08-16-2013
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This study was performed to investigate the innervations related to acupuncture point PC8 in rats using a neural tracing technique.
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[Antitumor effect of alcohol extracts from Stellera chamaejasme].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-16-2013
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To screen the best antitumor components of Stellera chamaejasme and their sensitive cell lines.
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Two new C-methyl flavanones from the rhizomes and frond bases of Matteuccia struthiopteris.
J Asian Nat Prod Res
PUBLISHED: 08-14-2013
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Two new C-methyl flavanones, (2S)-5,7-dihydroxy-6,8-dimethyl-4-methoxydihydroflavone-7-O-(6?-O-acetyl)-?-d-glucopyranoside (1) and (2S)-5,7-dihydroxy-6,8-dimethyldihydroflavone-7-O-(6?-O-acetyl)-?-d-glucopyranoside (2), together with five known compounds, demethoxymatteucinol-7-O-?-d-glucopyranoside (3), matteucinol-7-O-?-d-glucopyranoside (4), 5,7-dihydroxy-6-methyl-4-methoxydihydroflavone (5), methoxymatteucin (6), and thunberginol C (7), were first isolated from the EtOH extract of the rhizomes and frond bases of Matteuccia struthiopteris. The structures were established by spectral analyses, mainly HR-ESI-MS and 1D and 2D NMR experiments (COSY, HSQC, and HMBC).
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[Progress in InDel as a new generation of genetic marker].
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-13-2013
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As forensic DNA typing experienced three generations of genetic marker researching stage, short tandem repeat (STR) has been widely used in forensic identification as a mature tool. Further exploration of the human genome led to the discovery of polymorphism markers of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and Insertion/Deletion (InDel). InDel, which combines the desirable characteristics of previous genetic markers as a new type of genetic marker, has got extensive concern in fields like medical molecular biology and forensic biology. This paper generally reviews the history of research and the corresponding results of InDel along the line of time axis as well as the different aims of these research focusing on the progress in the multiple amplification system with several InDel as the genetic marker (autosomal or X chromosome) in forensic biology and anthropology. Finally, the direction of research in this field and the problems to be solved have been put forward.
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Divergent immunomodulatory effects of extracts and phenolic compounds from the fern Osmunda japonica Thunb.
Chin J Integr Med
PUBLISHED: 08-05-2013
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To study possible immunobiological potential of Osmunda japonica Thunb.
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The auriculo-vagal afferent pathway and its role in seizure suppression in rats.
BMC Neurosci
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2013
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The afferent projections from the auricular branch of the vagus nerve (ABVN) to the nucleus tractus solitaries (NTS) have been proposed as the anatomical basis for the increased parasympathetic tone seen in auriculo-vagal reflexes. As the afferent center of the vagus nerve, the NTS has been considered to play roles in the anticonvulsant effect of cervical vagus nerve stimulation (VNS). Here we proposed an "auriculo-vagal afferent pathway" (AVAP), by which transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (ta-VNS) suppresses pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced epileptic seizures by activating the NTS neurons in rats.
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[Construction and identification of mouse eosinophils CCR3 gene RNA interference lentiviral vector].
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-27-2013
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Through construction of a lentiviral expression vector of chemokine receptor 3 (CCR3)RNA interference (RNAi) of mouse, to further study the function of CCR3 gene on eosinophils.
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[Functional connectivity of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging observation of the right side of the auditory cortex of sudden deafness].
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-10-2013
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Positively related to functional connectivity using resting state fMRI functional connectivity method to observe the right of sudden deafness of auditory cortex in patients with brain.
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[Neutrophil elastase inhibitor on proliferation and apoptosis of U937 cells].
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-06-2013
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To study and compare the effect of neutrophil elastase inhibitors (GW311616A and sivelestat) on the proliferation and apoptosis of U937 cells.
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IDBA-tran: a more robust de novo de Bruijn graph assembler for transcriptomes with uneven expression levels.
Bioinformatics
PUBLISHED: 07-02-2013
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RNA sequencing based on next-generation sequencing technology is effective for analyzing transcriptomes. Like de novo genome assembly, de novo transcriptome assembly does not rely on any reference genome or additional annotation information, but is more difficult. In particular, isoforms can have very uneven expression levels (e.g. 1:100), which make it very difficult to identify low-expressed isoforms. One challenge is to remove erroneous vertices/edges with high multiplicity (produced by high-expressed isoforms) in the de Bruijn graph without removing correct ones with not-so-high multiplicity from low-expressed isoforms. Failing to do so will result in the loss of low-expressed isoforms or having complicated subgraphs with transcripts of different genes mixed together due to erroneous vertices/edges. Contributions: Unlike existing tools, which remove erroneous vertices/edges with multiplicities lower than a global threshold, we use a probabilistic progressive approach to iteratively remove them with local thresholds. This enables us to decompose the graph into disconnected components, each containing a few genes, if not a single gene, while retaining many correct vertices/edges of low-expressed isoforms. Combined with existing techniques, IDBA-Tran is able to assemble both high-expressed and low-expressed transcripts and outperform existing assemblers in terms of sensitivity and specificity for both simulated and real data.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.