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Clarifying and illustrating the electronic energy transfer pathways in trimeric and hexameric aggregation state of cyanobacteria allophycocyanin within the framework of Förster theory.
J Comput Chem
PUBLISHED: 07-10-2014
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Within the framework of the Förster theory, the electronic excitation energy transfer pathways in the cyanobacteria allophycocyanin (APC) trimer and hexamer were studied. The associated physical quantities (i.e., excitation energy, oscillator strength, and transition dipole moments) of the phycocyanobilins (PCBs) located in APC were calculated at time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) level of theory. To estimate the influence of protein environment on the preceding calculated physical quantities, the long-range interactions were approximately considered with the polarizable continuum model at the TDDFT level of theory, and the short-range interaction caused by surrounding aspartate residue of PCBs were taken into account as well. The shortest energy transfer time calculated in the framework of the Förster model at TDDFT/B3LYP/6-31+G* level of theory are about 0.10 ps in the APC trimer and about 170 ps in the APC monomer, which are in qualitative agreement with the experimental finding that a very fast lifetime of 0.43-0.44 ps in APC trimers, whereas its monomers lacked any corresponding lifetime. These results suggest that the lifetime of 0.43-0.44 ps in the APC trimers determined by Sharkov et al. was most likely attributed to the energy transfer of ?(1) -84 ? ?(3) -84 (0.23 ps), ?(1) -84 ? ?(2) -84 (0.11 ps) or ?(2) -84 ? ?(3) -84 (0.10 ps). So far, no experimental or theoretical energy transfer rates between two APC trimmers were reported, our calculations predict that the predominate energy transfer pathway between APC trimers is likely to occur from ?(3) -84 in one trimer to ?(5) -84 in an adjacent trimer with a rate of 32.51 ps. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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Structure-based design and synthesis of novel dual-target inhibitors against cyanobacterial fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase and fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 07-26-2013
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Cyanobacteria class II fructose-1,6-bisphoshate aldolase (Cy-FBA-II) and cyanobacteria fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (Cy-FBPase) are two neighboring key regulatory enzymes in the Calvin cycle of the cyanobacteria photosynthesis system. Each of them might be taken as a potential target for designing novel inhibitors to chemically control harmful algal blooms (HABs). In the present paper, a series of novel inhibitors were rationally designed, synthesized, and optimized based upon the structural and interactional information of both Cy-FBA-II and Cy-FBPase, and their inhibitory activities were examined in vitro and in vivo. The experimental results showed that compounds L19e-L19g exhibited moderate inhibitory activities (IC50 = 28.1-103.2 ?M) against both Cy-FBA-II and Cy-FBPase; compounds L19a-L19d, L19h, L20a-L20d exhibited high Cy-FBA-II inhibitory activities (IC50 = 2.3-16.9 ?M) and moderate Cy-FBPase inhibitory activities (IC50 = 31.5-141.2 ?M); however, compounds L20e-L20h could potently inhibit both Cy-FBA-II and Cy-FBPase with IC50 values less than 30 ?M, which demonstrated more or less dual-target inhibitors feature. Moreover, most of them exhibited potent algicide activity (EC50 = 0.8-22.3 ppm) against cyanobacteria Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803.
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Understanding the electronic energy transfer pathways in the trimeric and hexameric aggregation state of cyanobacteria phycocyanin within the framework of Förster theory.
J Comput Chem
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2013
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In the present study, the electronic energy transfer pathways in trimeric and hexameric aggregation state of cyanobacteria C-phycocyanin (C-PC) were investigated in term of the Förster theory. The corresponding excited states and transition dipole moments of phycocyanobilins (PCBs) located into C-PC were examined by model chemistry in gas phase at time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT), configuration interaction-singles (CIS), and Zerners intermediate neglect of differential overlap (ZINDO) levels, respectively. Then, the long-range pigment-protein interactions were approximately taken into account by using polarizable continuum model (PCM) at TDDFT level to estimate the influence of protein environment on the preceding calculated physical quantities. The influence of the short-range interaction caused by aspartate residue nearby PCBs was examined as well. Only when the protonation of PCBs and its long- and short-range interactions were properly taken into account, the calculated energy transfer rates (1/K) in the framework of Förster model at TDDFT/B3LYP/6-31+G* level were in good agreement with the experimental results of C-PC monomer and trimer. Furthermore, the present calculated results suggested that the energy transfer pathway in C-PC monomer is predominant from ?-155 to ?-84 (1/K = 13.4 ps), however, from ?-84 of one monomer to ?-84 (1/K = 0.3-0.4 ps) in a neighbor monomer in C-PC trimer. In C-PC hexamer, an additional energy flow was predicted to be from ?-155 (or ?-84) in top trimer to adjacent ?-155 (or ?-84) (1/K = 0.5-2.7 ps) in bottom trimer.
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Structure-based design and screen of novel inhibitors for class II 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase from Streptococcus pneumoniae.
J Chem Inf Model
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3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGR) is a primary target in the current clinical treatment of hypercholesterolemia with specific inhibitors of "statin" family. Statins are excellent inhibitors of the class I (human) enzyme but relatively poor inhibitors of the class II enzyme, which are well-known as a potential target to discover drugs fighting against the invasive diseases originated from S. pneumoniae . However, no significantly effective inhibitors of class II HMGR have been reported so far. In the present study, the reasonable three-dimensional (3D) structure of class II HMGR from S. pneumoniae (SP-HMGR-II) was built by Swissmodel. On the basis of the modeling 3D structure in "close" flap domain form, several novel potential hit compounds out of SPECs database were picked out by using structure-based screening strategy. Especially the compounds 4, 3, and 11 exhibit highly inhibitory activities, with IC50 values of 11.5, 18.5, and 18.1 ?M, respectively. Furthermore, the hit compounds were chosen as probe molecules, and their probable interactions with the corresponding individual residues have been examined by jointly using the molecular docking, site-directed mutagenesis, enzymatic assays, and fluorescence spectra, to provide an insight into a new special binding-model located between the HMG-CoA and NADPH pockets. The good agreement between theoretical and experimental results indicate that the modeling strategies and screening processes in the present study are very likely to be a promising way to search novel lead compounds with both structural diversity and high inhibitory activity against SP-HMGR-II in the future.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.