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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Targeting Hippo pathway by specific interruption of YAP-TEAD interaction using cyclic YAP-like peptides.
FASEB J.
PUBLISHED: 11-12-2014
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Hippo signaling pathway is emerging as a novel target for anticancer therapy because it plays key roles in organ size control and tumorigenesis. As the downstream effectors, Yes-associated protein (YAP)-transcriptional enhancer activation domain family member (TEAD) association is essential for YAP-driven oncogenic activity, while TEAD is largely dispensable for normal tissue growth. We present the design of YAP-like peptides (17mer) to occupy the interface 3 on TEAD. Introducing cysteines at YAP sites 87 and 96 can induce disulfide formation, as confirmed by crystallography. The engineered peptide significantly improves the potency in disrupting YAP-TEAD interaction in vitro. To confirm that blocking YAP-TEAD complex formation by directly targeting on TEAD is a valid approach, we report a significant reduction in tumor growth rate in a hepatocellular carcinoma xenograft model after introducing the dominant-negative mutation (Y406H) of TEAD1 to abolish YAP-TEAD interaction. Our results suggest that targeting TEAD is a promising strategy against YAP-induced oncogenesis.-Zhou, Z., Hu, T., Xu, Z., Lin, Z., Zhang, Z., Feng, T., Zhu, L., Rong, Y., Shen, H., Luk, J.M., Zhang, X., Qin, N. Targeting Hippo pathway by specific interruption of YAP-TEAD interaction using cyclic YAP-like peptides.
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Identification of a Novel Aminotetralin Class of HDAC6 and HDAC8 Selective Inhibitors.
J. Med. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 09-30-2014
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Herein we report the identification of a novel class of HDAC6 and HDAC8 selective inhibitors through a unique chemistry and phenotypic screening strategy. Tetrahydroisoquinoline 12 was identified as a potent HDAC6 and HDAC8 dual inhibitor from a focused library through cellular tubulin acetylation and p21 induction screening assays. Scaffold hopping from 12 led to the discovery of an aminotetralin class of HDAC inhibitors. In particular, the 3-R stereoisomer 32 showed highly potent inhibition against HDAC6 and HDAC8 with IC50 values of 50 and 80 nM, respectively. Treatment of neuroblastoma BE(2)C cells with 32 resulted in elevated levels of acetylated tubulin, TrkA, and neurite outgrowth with only marginal effects on p21 induction and histone H3 acetylation. Consistent with its weak enzymatic inhibition of HDAC1, 32 showed significantly less cytotoxicity than SAHA and moderately inhibited the growth of myeloma NCI-H929 and OPM-2 cells.
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Targeting cadherin-17 inactivates Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK signaling and inhibits cell proliferation in gastric cancer.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Cadherin-17 (CDH17), one member of 7D-cadherin superfamily, was overexpressed in gastric cancer (GC) and was associated with poor survival, tumor recurrence, metastasis, and advanced tumor stage. So far the cellular function and signaling mechanism of CDH17 in GC remains unclear. In this study, we showed that over 66% of GC cell lines (20/30) were CDH17 positive. Tissue microarray (TMA) assay showed that 73.6% Chinese GC tissues (159/216) were CDH17 positive, while 37% respective adjacent normal tissues were CDH17 positive. Knockdown of CDH17 inhibited cell proliferation, migration, adhesion and colony formation, and also induced a cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in AGS human GC cells. On the other side, overexpression of CDH17 facilitated MGC-803 GC tumor growth in nude mice. Antibody array and Western blotting assay demonstrated that knockdown of CDH17 in AGS cells down-regulated integrin ? series proteins, further inactivated the Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK pathway and led to p53 and p21 accumulation, which resulted in proliferation inhibition, cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis induction. Collectively, our data firstly demonstrate the capacity of CDH17 to regulate the activity of Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK pathway for cell proliferation in GC, and suggest that CDH17 can serve as an attractive therapeutic target for future research.
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The discovery and optimization of novel dual inhibitors of topoisomerase II and histone deacetylase.
Bioorg. Med. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 07-26-2013
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A novel class of podophyllotoxin derivatives have been designed and synthesized based on the synergistic antitumor effects of topoisomerase II and histone deacetylase inhibitors. Their inhibitory activities towards histone deacetylases and Topo II and their cytotoxicities in cancer cell lines were evaluated. The aromatic capping group connection, linker length and zinc-binding group were systematically varied and preliminary conclusions regarding structure-activity relationships are discussed. Among all of the synthesized hybrid compounds, compound 24 d showed the most potent HDAC inhibitory activity at a low nanomolar level and exhibited powerful antiproliferative activity towards HCT116 colon carcinoma cells at a low micromolar level. Further exploration of this series led to the discovery of potent dual inhibitor 32, which exhibited the strongest in vitro cytotoxic activity.
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Small molecule R1498 as a well-tolerated and orally active kinase inhibitor for hepatocellular carcinoma and gastric cancer treatment via targeting angiogenesis and mitosis pathways.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Protein kinases play important roles in tumor development and progression. Lots of kinase inhibitors have entered into market and show promising clinical benefits. Here we report the discovery of a novel small molecule, well-tolerated, orally active kinase inhibitor, R1498, majorly targeting both angiogenic and mitotic pathways for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and gastric cancer (GC). A series of biochemical and cell-based assays indicated that the target kinase cluster of R1498 included Aurora kinases and VEGFR2 et al. R1498 showed moderate in vitro growth inhibition on a panel of tumor cells with IC50 of micromole range. The in vivo anti-tumor efficacy of R1498 was evaluated on a panel of GC and HCC xenografts in a parallel comparison with another multikinase inhibitor sorafenib. R1498 demonstrated superior efficacy and toxicity profile over sorafenib in all test models with >80% tumor growth inhibition and tumor regression in some xenogratfts. The therapeutic potential of R1498 was also highlighted by its efficacy on three human GC primary tumor derived xenograft models with 10-30% tumor regression rate. R1498 was shown to actively inhibit the Aurora A activity in vivo, and decrease the vascularization in tumors. Furthermore, R1498 presented good in vivo exposure and therapeutic window in the pharmacokinetic and dose range finding studies. Theses evidences indicate that R1498 is a potent, well-tolerated, orally active multitarget kinase inhibitor with a unique antiangiogenic and antiproliferative profile, and provide strong confidence for further development for HCC and GC therapy.
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Application of p21 and klf2 reporter gene assays to identify selective histone deacetylase inhibitors for cancer therapy.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 08-21-2010
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Novel 2-aminoanilide histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors were designed to increase their contact with surface residues surrounding the HDAC active site compared to the contacts made by existing clinical 2-aminoanilides such as SNDX-275, MGCD0103, and Chidamide. Their HDAC selectivity was assessed using p21 and klf2 reporter gene assays in HeLa and A204 cells, respectively, which provide a cell-based readout for the inhibition of HDACs associated either with the p21 or klf2 promoter. A subset of the designed compounds selectively induced p21 over klf2 relative to the clinical reference compound SNDX-275. A representative lead compound from this subset had antiproliferative effects in cancer cells associated with induction of acetylated histone H4, endogenous p21, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. The p21- versus klf2-selective compounds described herein may provide a chemical starting point for developing clinically-differentiated HDAC inhibitors for cancer therapy.
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Adenoviral-mediated pHyde gene transfer and cisplatin additively inhibit human prostate cancer growth by enhancing apoptosis.
Prostate
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2009
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A novel gene, rat pHyde, has been cloned by us recently. The rat pHyde was shown by the same group to have growth inhibitory effects on human prostate cancer through the induction of apoptosis.
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Pharmacokinetic optimization of class-selective histone deacetylase inhibitors and identification of associated candidate predictive biomarkers of hepatocellular carcinoma tumor response.
J. Med. Chem.
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Herein, we describe the pharmacokinetic optimization of a series of class-selective histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors and the subsequent identification of candidate predictive biomarkers of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tumor response for our clinical lead using patient-derived HCC tumor xenograft models. Through a combination of conformational constraint and scaffold hopping, we lowered the in vivo clearance (CL) and significantly improved the bioavailability (F) and exposure (AUC) of our HDAC inhibitors while maintaining selectivity toward the class I HDAC family with particular potency against HDAC1, resulting in clinical lead 5 (HDAC1 IC?? = 60 nM, mouse CL = 39 mL/min/kg, mouse F = 100%, mouse AUC after single oral dose at 10 mg/kg = 6316 h·ng/mL). We then evaluated 5 in a biomarker discovery pilot study using patient-derived tumor xenograft models, wherein two out of the three models responded to treatment. By comparing tumor response status to compound tumor exposure, induction of acetylated histone H3, candidate gene expression changes, and promoter DNA methylation status from all three models at various time points, we identified preliminary candidate response prediction biomarkers that warrant further validation in a larger cohort of patient-derived tumor models and through confirmatory functional studies.
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Inhibition of Breast Tumor Cell Growth by Ectopic Expression of p16/INK4A Via Combined Effects of Cell Cycle Arrest, Senescence and Apoptotic Induction, and Angiogenesis Inhibition.
J Cancer
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p16-mediated inhibition of cancer cell proliferation and tumor suppression have been studied before,; the common consensus is that p16s cell-cycle arrest function plays a primary role in these actions, with some additional apoptotic induction by p16. However, other effects of p16 that may potentially contribute to p16-mediated anti-tumor ability have not been well studied. The emerging data including ours indicated that p16 contributes its anti-cancer ability by inducing tumor cells to senescence. Moreover, we showed that p16 inhibits breast cancer cell growth by inhibiting the VEGF signaling pathway and angiogenesis. In this study, we used adenoviral-mediated p16 expression (AdRSVp16) and breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 as the model to simultaneously analyze all these p16s anti-tumor functions. We demonstrated that adenoviral-mediated p16 expression exhibited multiple anti-tumor functions by simultaneously suppressing in vitro growth and in vivo angiogenesis of breast cancer cells, blocking cell division, as well as inducing senescence and apoptosis. The in vivo study implies that p16s effect on anti-angiogenesis may play a more significant role than its anti-cell proliferation in the overall suppression of tumor growth. These results suggest, for the first time, that AdRSVp16-mediated tumor suppression results from a combination of p16s multiple anti-tumor functions including p16s well-known anti-proliferation/cell division function, apoptotic and senescence induction function, and its lesser-known/under-investigated anti-angiogenesis function. These combined results strongly indicate that p16 gene therapy has a multi-module platform with different anti-tumor functions; therefore, this study justifies and promotes the viral-mediated p16 gene therapy as a promising and powerful treatment approach for cancer patients due to p16s multiple anti-tumor functions.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.