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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Lipase Ligands in Nelumbo nucifera Leaves and Study of Their Binding Mechanism.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 10-27-2014
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Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) leaves have been widely used in weight-loss foods to prevent obesity in China. In this work, a facile procedure based on ligand fishing was developed to isolate and identify lipase inhibitors present in lotus leaves. Highly stable and active lipase-Fe3O4 superparamagnetic nanoparticle conjugates (LMNPs) were prepared and used as baits. Two flavonoids in lotus leaf extract were found to bind to the baits and were identified as quercetin-3-O-?-d-arabinopyranosyl-(1?2)- ?-d-galactopyranoside (1) and quercetin-3-O-?-d-glucuronide (4) based on electrospray ionization-mass spectrometric analyses. Their 50% inhibitory concentrations on lipase (IC50) were 52.9 ± 3.2 and 17.1 ± 1.5 ?g/mL, respectively. In addition, they were found to significantly quench the fluorescence of lipase, suggesting their strong affinities with this enzyme, which was further evidenced by molecular docking. Ligand fishing based on LMNPs shows great power for fast screening and identification of lipase inhibitors present in edible and medicinal plants.
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The epitope recognized by monoclonal antibody 2B6 in the B/C domains of classical swine fever virus glycoprotein E2 affects binding to hyperimmune sera and virus replication.
J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
PUBLISHED: 07-28-2014
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Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious disease of pigs caused by CSF virus (CSFV). E2 is the major viral envelope protein of immune dominance that induces neutralizing antibodies and confers protection against CSFV infection. The B/C domains of E2 are variable among CSFV isolates that could affect immunogenicity and antibody binding. We attempted to characterize the epitope recognized by a monoclonal antibody 2B6 (mAb-2B6) raised against the E2 B/C domains of the vaccine C-strain and to examine if mutations in the epitope region would affect antibody binding and viral neutralization. The epitope specific for mAb-2B6 recognition was linear, spanning five residues (774)D-G-X-N-P(778) in the B/C domains. The residue N777 is indispensable for the specificity. The epitope exists only in group 1 strains, but not in those of group 2. The recombinant viruses containing individual mutations on the epitope region lost the reactivity to mAb-2B6. The mutant virus RecC-N777S had low replication potential, about ten-fold decrease in the yield of progeny virus particles, while the mutant virus RecC-P778A reverted to proline upon continuous passaging. The mutations on the mAb-2B6 epitope region did not affect neutralization by anti-C-strain polyclonal sera from pigs. Deletion from aa774 covering the mAb-2B6 epitope, but not that from aa781, also affected binding with the polyclonal antibodies from vaccinated pigs, although the major binding region for the vaccinated antibodies is aa690-773.
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Extraction of aflatoxins from liquid foodstuff samples with polydopamine-coated superparamagnetic nanoparticles for HPLC-MS/MS analysis.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 05-05-2014
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A facile magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) of aflatoxins (AFs) from liquid samples was developed using polydopamine-coated magnetic nanoparticles (PD-MNPs) as the adsorbent. PD-MNPs were prepared from amine-terminated MNPs and dopamine via an in situ oxidative self-polymerization approach. Under the selected MSPE conditions, extraction yields ranging from 59.3% for AF G2 to 89.0% for AF B1 were obtained with good repeatability. Coupled with HPLC-MS/MS quantification, the MSPE procedure serves not only for sample cleanup but also for AFs enrichment that is highly desired for trace analysis. The proposed MSPE-HPLC-MS/MS method had a linear calibration curve in the concentration range from 0.00600 to 3.00 ng/mL aflatoxin and limits of detection of 0.0012 ng/mL for AF B1, AF B2, and AF G1, and 0.0031 ng/mL for AF G2.
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Cigarette smoking and gestational diabetes mellitus in Hispanic woman.
Diabetes Res. Clin. Pract.
PUBLISHED: 01-30-2014
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Hispanic women are at increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) as compared to non-Hispanic white women. While smoking has been associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes, studies of smoking and GDM are sparse and conflicting. Therefore, we evaluated the relationship between cigarette smoking and GDM in Hispanic women.
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Covalent immobilization of porcine pancreatic lipase on carboxyl-activated magnetic nanoparticles: characterization and application for enzymatic inhibition assays.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2014
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Using carboxyl functionalized silica-coated magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) as carrier, a novel immobilized porcine pancreatic lipase (PPL) was prepared through the 1-ethyl-3-[3-dimethylaminopropyl] carbodiimide hydrochloride/N-hydroxysuccinimide (EDC/NHS) coupling reaction. Transmission electron microscopic images showed that the synthesized nanoparticles (Fe3O4-SiO2) possessed three dimensional core-shell structures with an average diameter of ~20 nm. The effective enzyme immobilization onto the nanocomposite was confirmed by atomic force microscopic (AFM) analysis. Results from Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Bradford protein assay, and thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA) indicated that PPL was covalently attached to the surface of magnetic nanoparticles with a PPL immobilization yield of 50mg enzyme/g MNPs. Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) analysis revealed that the MNPs-PPL nanocomposite had a high saturation magnetization of 42.25 emu·g(-1). The properties of the immobilized PPL were investigated in comparison with the free enzyme counterpart. Enzymatic activity, reusability, thermo-stability, and storage stability of the immobilized PPL were found significantly superior to those of the free one. The Km and the Vmax values (0.02 mM, 6.40 U·mg(-1) enzyme) indicated the enhanced activity of the immobilized PPL compared to those of the free enzyme (0.29 mM, 3.16 U·mg(-1) enzyme). Furthermore, at an elevated temperature of 70 °C, immobilized PPL retained 60% of its initial activity. The PPL-MNPs nanocomposite was applied in the enzyme inhibition assays using orlistat, and two natural products isolated from oolong tea (i.e., EGCG and EGC) as the test compounds.
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Selective extraction of berberine from Cortex Phellodendri using polydopamine-coated magnetic nanoparticles.
J Sep Sci
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2014
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A new extraction agent featuring dopamine self-polymerized on magnetic Fe3 O4 nanoparticles has been successfully synthesized and evaluated for the SPE of berberine from the extract of the traditional Chinese medicinal plant, Cortex Phellodendri. The nanoparticles prepared possessed a core-shell structure and showed super-paramagnetism. It was found that these polydopamine-coated nanoparticles exhibited strong and selective adsorption for berberine. Among the chemical components present in C. Phellodendri, only berberine was adsorbed by the nanoparticles and extracted by a following SPE procedure. Various conditions such as the amount of polydopamine-coated nanoparticles, desorption solvent, desorption time and equilibrium time were optimized for the SPE of berberine. The purity of berberine extracted from C. Phellodendri was determined to be as high as 91.3% compared with that of 9.5% in the extract. The established SPE protocol combined advantages of highly selective enrichment with easy magnetic separation, and proved to be a facile efficient procedure for the isolation of berberine. Further, the prepared polydopamine-coated magnetic nanoparticles could be reused for multiple times, reducing operational cost. The applicability and reliability of the developed SPE method were demonstrated by isolating berberine from three different C. Phellodendri extracts. Recoveries of 85.4-111.2% were obtained with relative standard deviations ranging from 0.27-2.05%.
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Structural and biochemical characterization of fructose-1,6/sedoheptulose-1,7-bisphosphatase from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis strain 6803.
FEBS J.
PUBLISHED: 10-22-2013
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Cyanobacterial fructose-1,6/sedoheptulose-1,7-bisphosphatase (cy-FBP/SBPase) plays a vital role in gluconeogenesis and in the photosynthetic carbon reduction pathway, and is thus a potential enzymatic target for inhibition of harmful cyanobacterial blooms. Here, we describe the crystal structure of cy-FBP/SBPase in complex with AMP and fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP). The allosteric inhibitor AMP and the substrate FBP exhibit an unusual binding mode when in complex with cy-FBP/SBPase. Binding mode analysis suggested that AMP bound to the allosteric sites near the interface across the up/down subunit pairs C1C4 and C2C3 in the center of the tetramer, while FBP binds opposite to the interface between the horizontal subunit pairs C1C2 or C3C4. We identified a series of residues important for FBP and AMP binding, and suggest formation of a disulfide linkage between Cys75 and Cys99. Further analysis indicates that cy-FBP/SBPase may be regulated through ligand binding and alteration of the structure of the enzyme complex. The interactions between ligands and cy-FBP/SBPase are different from those of ligand-bound structures of other FBPase family members, and thus provide new insight into the molecular mechanisms of structure and catalysis of cy-FBP/SBPase. Our studies provide insight into the evolution of this enzyme family, and may help in the design of inhibitors aimed at preventing toxic cyanobacterial blooms.
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Institute of medicine 2009 gestational weight gain guideline knowledge: survey of obstetrics/gynecology and family medicine residents of the United States.
Birth
PUBLISHED: 09-19-2013
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In 2009, the Institute of Medicine revised gestational weight gain recommendations; revisions included body mass index (BMI) category cut-point changes and provision of range of gain for obese women. Our objective was to examine resident prenatal caregivers knowledge of revised guidelines.
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Rapid magnetic solid-phase extraction for the selective determination of isoflavones in soymilk using baicalin-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 08-20-2013
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Most protocols of sample preparation for isoflavone determination in soymilk and other liquid soybean products involves tedious freeze-drying and time-consuming extraction procedures. We report a facile and rapid magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) of isoflavones from soymilk for subsequent high-performance liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) analysis. The extraction was based on the selective binding of isoflavones to baicalin-functionalized core-shell magnetic nanoparticles (BMNPs). The proposed MSPE-HPLC-MS/MS analytical method had a linear calibration curve in the concentration range from 0.3 to 80 mg/L isoflavones. With the use of calycosin, an isomer of one of the isoflavones targeted as an internal standard, interday (5 days) precisions of the slope and intercept of the calibration curves were found to be in the range between 2.5% and 3.6% (RSD, n = 5). Six isoflavones, that is, daidzein, glycitein, genistein, daidzin, glycitin, and genistin were detected in commercial soymilk samples and quantified by the proposed analytical method. The results indicated that the method was useful for fast determination of isoflavones in soymilk and other liquid soybean products.
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In vitro metabolic study of Rhizoma coptidis extract using liver microsomes immobilized on magnetic nanoparticles.
Anal Bioanal Chem
PUBLISHED: 06-05-2013
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Although metabolic study of individual active compounds isolated from herbal plants has been intensive, it cannot truly reflect the fate of herbs because the herbal extracts in use have many constituents. To address this problem, whole extracts of herbs should be investigated. Microsomes have been heavily used in the in vitro metabolic study of drugs, and various materials have been used to immobilize microsomes to develop highly effective and reusable bioreactors in this field. In this work, rat liver microsomes were immobilized on magnetic nanoparticles (LMMNPs) to develop a highly active and recoverable nanoparticle bioreactor. Using this bioreactor, we investigated the in vitro metabolism of Rhizoma coptidis extract. Incubation of berberine, a major active ingredient of R. coptidis, with LMMNPs for 20 min produced two metabolites, i.e., demethyleneberberine and thalifendine, at high levels. From a comparison of the time courses of thalifendine formation obtained by ultraperformance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis, it was found that LMMNPs had a higher biological activity than free liver microsomes in metabolizing berberine. Further, the activity of LMMNPs remained almost unchanged after six consecutive uses in the incubation tests. Metabolism of R. coptidis extracts by LMMNPs was studied. The same two metabolites of berberine, i.e., demethyleneberberine and thalifendine, were detected. After a thorough study seeking support for this observation, it was found that demethyleneberberine was the common metabolite of five protoberberine-type alkaloids present in R. coptidis extract, including palmatine, jatrorrhizine, columbanine, epiberberine, and berberine.
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Rapid separation and characterisation of triacylglycerols in ostrich oil by ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
Food Chem
PUBLISHED: 05-02-2013
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The triacylglycerol (TAG) composition of ostrich oil (Struthio camelus) was determined by non-aqueous reversed-phase ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Using a column with 150 mm in length, the TAGs were separated efficiently with acetonitrile/2-propanol gradient at flow rate of 0.2 mL/min for 20 min. Detection is performed by positive APCI mass spectrometry, accurate mass measurements (<3 ppm) and definite elemental composition for molecular ions and fragment ions were obtained to enable characterisation of 24 TAGs in both ostrich oil and emu oil. In terms of TAGs composition and contents, the ostrich oils are similar to emu oils. This result indicates that the ostrich oil could be a good choice of substitution for emu oil, which is expensive and comparatively rare, in food, dietetics and cosmetics industry.
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Racial and ethnic differences in primary, unscheduled cesarean deliveries among low-risk primiparous women at an academic medical center: a retrospective cohort study.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth
PUBLISHED: 04-16-2013
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Cesarean sections are the most common surgical procedure for women in the United States. Of the over 4 million births a year, one in three are now delivered in this manner and the risk adjusted prevalence rates appear to vary by race and ethnicity. However, data from individual studies provides limited or contradictory information on race and ethnicity as an independent predictor of delivery mode, precluding accurate generalizations. This study sought to assess the extent to which primary, unscheduled cesarean deliveries and their indications vary by race/ethnicity in one academic medical center.
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Self-reported pre-pregnancy weight versus weight measured at first prenatal visit: effects on categorization of pre-pregnancy body mass index.
Matern Child Health J
PUBLISHED: 01-02-2013
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To compare classification of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) using self-reported pre-pregnancy weight versus weight measured at the first prenatal visit. Retrospective cohort of 307 women receiving prenatal care at the faculty and resident obstetric clinics at a Massachusetts tertiary-care center. Eligible women initiated prenatal care prior to 14 weeks gestation and delivered singleton infants between April 2007 and March 2008. On average, self-reported weight was 4 pounds lighter than measured weight at the first prenatal visit (SD 7.2 pounds; range: 19 pounds lighter to 35 pounds heavier). Using self-reported pre-pregnancy weight to calculate pre-pregnancy BMI, 4.2 % of women were underweight, 48.9 % were normal weight, 25.4 % were overweight, and 21.5 % were obese. Using weight measured at first prenatal visit, these were 3.6, 45.3, 26.4, and 24.8 %, respectively. Classification of pre-pregnancy BMI was concordant for 87 % of women (weighted kappa = 0.86; 95 % CI 0.81-0.90). Women gained an average of 32.1 pounds (SD 18.0 pounds) during pregnancy. Of the 13 % of the sample with discrepant BMI classification, 74 % gained within the same adherence category when comparing weight gain to Institute of Medicine recommendations. For the vast majority of women, self-reported pre-pregnancy weight and measured weight at first prenatal visit resulted in identical classification of pre-pregnancy BMI. In absence of measured pre-pregnancy weight, we recommend that providers calculate both values and discuss discrepancies with their pregnant patients, as significant weight loss or gain during the first trimester may indicate a need for additional oversight with potential intervention.
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Study on the interaction between cyanobacteria FBP/SBPase and metal ions.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc
PUBLISHED: 10-28-2011
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Fructose-1,6-/sedoheptulose-1,7-bisphosphatase (FBP/SBPase) is a potential important target enzyme for finding inhibitors to solve harmful algal bloom. In this paper, the interactions between FBP/SBPase and metal ions were studied by enzyme activity analysis, fluorescence and molecular modeling method. The enzyme activity analysis showed that FBP/SBPase can be activated by Mg2+ or Mn2+ but cannot be activated by Ca2+ or Zn2+. Spectroscopic analysis of emission quenching showed that quenching mechanism of FBP/SBPase with Mg2+ or Mn2+ was static quenching mechanism while that of Ca2+ or Zn2+ was dynamic quenching process. Hydrogen bonds and van der Waals interaction might be the predominant intermolecular forces in stabilizing FBP/SBPase-Mg2+ while hydrophobic forces were the predominant intermolecular forces in stabilizing FBP/SBPase-Mn2+. Microenvironment and conformation of FBP/SBPase were changed in binding reaction. The effect of metal ions and important amino acid residues on FBP/SBPase-metal ion complex was also discussed by molecular modeling study.
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Structure-based rational design of novel hit compounds for pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex E1 components from Escherichia coli.
Bioorg. Med. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 09-15-2011
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Pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex (PDHc) E1 component plays a pivotal role in cellular metabolism to convert the product of glycolysis (pyruvate) to acetyl-CoA, and has been reported as a potential target for anti-microbial and herbicide. In present study, based on the thiamin diphosphate (ThDP) site, four novel hit compounds with high inhibitory activity against the PDHc-E1 from Escherichia coli were firstly designed by using structure-based molecular docking methods. As expected, among four compounds, the compound 3a is the best inhibitor by far, with IC(50) value of 6.88 ?M against PDHc-E1 from E. coli. To elucidate the interaction mechanism between the active site of PDHc-E1 and its inhibitor, the docking-based molecular dynamics simulation (MD) and MD-based ab initio fragment molecular orbital (FMO) calculations were also further performed. The positive results indicated that all modeling strategies presented in the current study most like to be an encouraging way in design of novel lead compounds with structural diversity for PDHc-E1 in the future.
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Using baicalin-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles for selectively extracting flavonoids from Rosa chinensis.
J Sep Sci
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2011
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An extraction agent featuring a natural product, baicalin, anchored on the surface of nanomagnetic particles (BMNPs) is herein reported. A facile solid-phase extraction (SPE) procedure with high selectivity toward flavonoids using BMNPs has been established. BMNPs were proven very effective for enriching flavonoids from extracts of medicinal plants such as Rosa chinensis. The SPE protocol involving a convenient solid-liquid separation by using an external magnet field was easy to carry out. Further, the SPE sorbent (BMNPs) could be reused for many times reducing the operation cost. Importantly, flavonoids retained on the BMNPs were effectively recovered by eluting with methanol. Coupling the proposed SPE with ESI-MS/MS allowed a quick quantification of flavonoids in herbal extracts. Simultaneous determination of eight flavonoids extracted from R. chinensis was demonstrated in this work.
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Chemical constituents from Astilbe chinensis.
J Asian Nat Prod Res
PUBLISHED: 02-01-2011
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A new compound, 11-O-(3-O-methylgalloyl)-bergenin (1), along with 11 known compounds (2-12), has been isolated from the rhizome of Astilbe chinensis. The chemical structure of compound 1 was determined by IR, MS, and NMR spectral data. All compounds were evaluated for the cytotoxic activity in vitro, and compound 4 showed a moderate cytotoxic activity against HepG2 cells.
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Attitudes of women in their forties toward the 2009 USPSTF mammogram guidelines: a randomized trial on the effects of media exposure.
Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2011
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The objective of the study was to assess womens attitudes toward 2009 US Preventive Services Task Force mammography screening guideline changes and evaluate the role of media in shaping opinions.
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Rapid probe and isolation of bioactive compounds from Dioscorea panthaica using human serum albumin functionalized magnetic nano-particles (HSA-MNPs)-based ligand fishing coupled with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom.
PUBLISHED: 10-26-2010
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The chemical diversity of secondary metabolites in medicinal plant makes it a huge challenge to isolate the bioactive compounds from herbal extracts, so quick recognition of the bioactive ones is of vital importance for improving the efficiency of isolation. In this study, a ligand fishing experiment based on human serum albumin functionalized magnetic nano-particles (HSA-MNPs) was performed to probe the bioactive components in a traditional Chinese medicinal plant, Dioscorea panthaica. The minor compounds fished out by HSA-MNPs were identified by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), and then separated from the extract of the whole plant by one or two steps of column chromatography under the guidance of ESI-MS. Four biologically active compounds, progenin II, progenin III, dioscin and gracillin, were isolated much faster than in the normal lengthy phytochemical procedure. The present study demonstrates that biological macromolecule (protein, enzyme, receptor, et al.) functionalized MNPs may serve as baits to recognize bioactive small molecules in complex herbal extracts. It is expected that a macromolecule functionalized MNPs-based ligand fishing experiment coupled with ESI-MS may accelerate the process of identification and isolation of bioactive components from medicinal plants, and thus benefit the speed of drug discovery.
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Ligand fishing with functionalized magnetic nanoparticles coupled with mass spectrometry for herbal medicine analysis: ligand fishing for herbal medicine analysis.
Anal Bioanal Chem
PUBLISHED: 08-29-2010
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The chemical composition of herbal medicines is very complex, and their therapeutic effects are determined by multi-components with sophisticated synergistic and/or suppressive actions. Therefore, quality control of herbal medicines has been a formidable challenge. In this work, we describe a fast analytical method that can be used for quality assessment of herbal medicines. The method is based on ligand fishing using human-serum-albumin-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (HSA-MNPs) and mass spectrometry. To demonstrate the applicability of the proposed method, eight samples of Dioscorea panthaica were analyzed. The sampled plants were of both wild and cultivated origins. They grew at different geographical locations and were harvested at different times. The ligands bound to HSA-MNPs were isolated from the plant extracts and detected by using direct infusion electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (DI-ESI-MS). Chemical identity has been confirmed for five of the ligands isolated. From more than 15 peaks in the ESI-MS spectrum, 11 common peaks were selected for calculating the correlation coefficient and cosine ratio. The values of correlation coefficient and cosine ratio were >0.9824 and >0.9988, respectively, for all the samples tested. The results indicated a high level of similarity among the eight D. panthaica samples. Compared with chromatographic fingerprint analysis, the proposed HSA-MNP-based DI-ESI-MS/MS approach was not only fast and easy to carry out but also biological-activity-oriented, promising a more effective data interpretation and thus reliable assessment conclusions.
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Efforts needed to provide Institute of Medicine-recommended guidelines for gestational weight gain.
Obstet Gynecol
PUBLISHED: 03-24-2010
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To estimate body mass index (BMI)-specific gestational weight gain recommendations and frequency of weight and gestational weight gain discussions and documentation.
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Two new triterpene saponins from the aerial parts of Paraquilegia microphylla.
Fitoterapia
PUBLISHED: 02-06-2010
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Two new triterpene saponins, paraquinosides A (1) and B (2) were isolated from the aerial parts of Paraquilegia microphylla (Royle) Dromm. et Hutch, a Tibetan ethnic medicine distributed in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. On the basis of 1D and 2D NMR evidence, their structure was elucidated as 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1-->2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-15-dehydroxyl-16-O-methyl-24, 25-deoxy-26-hydroxylshengmanol-26-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (1) and 3-O-alpha-L-Rhamnopyranosyl (1-->2)-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl(1-->3)]-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-15-dehydroxyl-16-O-methyl-24, 25-deoxy-26-hydroxylshengmanol-26-O-beta-D- glucopyranoside (2), respectively.
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Ligand fishing from Dioscorea nipponica extract using human serum albumin functionalized magnetic nanoparticles.
J Chromatogr A
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2010
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Dioscorea nipponica and the preparations made from it have been used for long to prevent and treat coronary heart disease in traditional Chinese medicine. A group of steroidal saponins present in the plant are believed to be the active ingredients. It has been a challenge to study the individual saponins separately due to the similarities in their chemical and physical properties. In this work, human serum albumin (HSA) functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were used to isolate and identify saponin ligands that bind to HSA from D. nipponica extract. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was used for compound identification and semi-quantification. Three saponins, i.e. dioscin, gracillin, and pseudo-protodioscin showed affinity to HSA-MNPs and thus isolated effectively from the extract. The other two saponins detected in the extract (i.e. protodioscin and 26-O-?-D-glucopyranosyl-3?,20?,26-triol-25(R)-?(5,22)-dienofurostan-3-O-?-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1?2)-[?-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1?4)]-?-D-glucopyranoside) exhibited no affinity at all. Among the three saponins fished out, dioscin bound to HSA much stronger than gracillin and pseudo-protodioscin did. The results indicated that affinity interaction between HSA immobilized on MNPs and small molecule compounds were highly dependent on chemical structures and, potentially, medicinal usefulness. The present work demonstrates a facile and effective way to isolate and identify ligands of receptors from medicinal plants.
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Chemical constituents from the aerial parts of Artemisia minor.
J. Nat. Prod.
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2009
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Four new compounds including three bicoumarins, arteminorins A-C (1-3), and one neolignan, arteminorin D (4), together with 31 known ones were isolated from the aerial parts of Artemisia minor. Their structures were established on the basis of spectroscopic data and comparison with those of the related known compounds. Ethyl caffeate (27) showed in vitro cytotoxicity against the HepG2 cancer cell line. Arteminorin C (3) and luteolin (19) showed inhibitory activity on xanthine oxidase (XOD), and caffeic acid (28) exhibited inhibitory activity on protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B).
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A new alkaloid from Corydalis hendersonii.
Planta Med.
PUBLISHED: 02-12-2009
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A new isoquinoline alkaloid (6), along with nine known ones (1-5, 7-10), was isolated from the plateau plant Corydalis hendersonii, which is used as a traditional Tibetan medicine. The structure of the new compound was elucidated as 9-methyldecumbenine C by spectroscopic evidence.
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Gestational weight gain within recommended ranges in consecutive pregnancies: a retrospective cohort study.
Midwifery
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to examine whether, among parous women, adherence to gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations in the most recent previous pregnancy is associated with adherence to GWG recommendations in the current pregnancy.
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Identification of flavonoid glycosides in Rosa chinensis flowers by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in combination with ¹³C nuclear magnetic resonance.
J Chromatogr A
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Flowers of Rosa chinensis are widely used in traditional Chinese medicine as well as in food industry. Flavonoid glycosides are believed to be the major components in R. chinensis that are responsible for its antioxidant activities. In this work, a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method was developed for analysis of flavonoid glycosides presented in ethyl acetate extract of dried R. chinensis flowers. Twelve flavonoid glycosides were separated and detected. By comparing the retention times, UV spectra, and tandem MS fragments with those of respective authentic compounds, eight flavonoid glycosides were unequivocally identified. Although the other four were also identified as flavonoid glycosides, the glycosylation positions could not be determined due to lack of authentic compounds. Fortunately, the glycosylation effects were clearly observed in the (13)C NMR spectrum of the extract. The detailed structural information was, therefore, obtained to identify the four flavonoid glycosides as quercetin-3-O-D-glucoside, quercetin-3-O-D-xyloside, kaempferol-3-O-D-xyloside and quercetin-3-O-D-(6?-coumaroyl)-galactoside. These flavonoid glycosides were detected and identified for the first time in this botanic material. This work reports on the first use of (13)C NMR of a mixture to enhance a rapid HPLC-MS/MS analysis. The proposed analytical protocol was validated with a mixture of authentic flavonoid glycosides.
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Identification of Enzyme Inhibitors Using Therapeutic Target Protein - Magnetic Nanoparticle Conjugates.
Anal Methods
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Target protein - magnetic nanoparticle (MNP) conjugates, i.e. ?-glucosidase-MNP and protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B)-MNP, were prepared and evaluated for the first time for affinity extraction of the enzyme inhibitors from herbal extracts. Four ligands extracted from granati pericarpium were identified by ESI-MS analysis. In vitro tests indicated that they inhibited both ?-glucosidase and PTP1B, two important target proteins for diabetic treatment.
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Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel 2-methylpyrimidine-4-ylamine derivatives as inhibitors of Escherichia coli pyruvate dehydrogenase complex E1.
Bioorg. Med. Chem.
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As potential inhibitors of Escherichia coli pyruvate dehydrogenase complex E1 (PDHc E1), a series of novel 2-methylpyrimidine-4-ylamine derivatives were designed based on the structure of the active site of PDHc E1 and synthesized using click chemistry. Their inhibitory activity in vitro against PDHc E1 and fungicidal activity were examined. Some of these compounds such as 3g, 3l, 3n, 3o, and 5b demonstrated to be effective inhibitors of PDHc E1 from E. coli and exhibited antifungal activity. SAR analysis indicated that both, the inhibitory potency against E. coli PDHc E1 and the antifungal activity of title compounds, could be increased greatly by optimizing substituent groups in the compounds. The structures of substituent group in 5-position on the 1,2,3-triazole and 4-position on the benzene ring in title compounds were found to play a pivotal role in both above-mentioned biological activities. Amongst all the compounds, compound 5b with iodine in the 5-position of 1,2,3-triazole and with nitryl group in the 4-position of benzene ring acted as the best inhibitor against PDHc E1 from E. coli. It was also found to be the most effective compound with higher antifungal activity against Rhizoctonia solani and Botrytis cinerea at the dosage of 100 ?g mL(-1). Therefore, in this study, compound 5b was used as a lead compound for further optimization.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.