[Expression of CD25 in acute B cell lymphoblastic leukemia and its clinical significance].
This study was purposed to investigate the relation of CD25 with the acute B cell lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and its clinical significance. A totol of 88 newly diagnosed B-ALL patients were enrolled in this study. The immunophenotype of leukemic myeloblasts were detected by flow cytometry, including interleukin 2 receptor ? chain (CD25), ? chain (CD122), ? chain (CD132), CD19, CD20, CD10, CD34, CDIgM, CD79a, CD22 and CDTDT. The expression of BCR/ABL fusion gene was detected by qualitative PCR. The expression of IL2RA (CD25 gene) was detected by real-time qualitative RT-PCR. The results showed that there was no significant statistical difference in WBC count, Hb level, PLT count, marrow blast rate, peripheral blast rate, hepatolienal infiltration, lymphonode infiltration, levels of CD10, CD20, CD22, CD34, CD79a, CDTDT, CDIgM expression between B-ALL patients with CD25(+) and B-ALL patients with CD25(-), while the CD19 expression level in B-ALL patients with CD25(+) was higher than that in B-ALL patients with CD25(-). Out of 88 B-ALL patients, 21 patients showed BCR/ABL(+)(21/88) and their CD25(+) expression level was 66.7% (14/21); 67 patients showed BCR/ABL(-) and their CD25(+) expression level was 4.5% (3/67), there was statistical difference between these two groups (P < 0.05), but the expression level of IL2RA mRNA was not statistical different between CD25(+) and CD25(-) groups (P > 0.05). Among 21 BCR/ABL(+) B-ALL patients the remission rate and relapsed rate were not statistical different between CD25(+) an CD25(-) groups.In BCR/ABL(+) B-ALL patients 8 patients relapsed, the relapsed rate was 38.1% (8/21). In BCR/ABL(-) B-ALL patients 9 patients relapsed, the relapse rate was 13.4% (9/67), there was statistical difference between BCR/ABL(+) and BCR/ABL(-) two groups (P < 0.05). In BCR/ABL(+) group the RFS (relapse free survival) was 21 months, in BCR/ABL(+) CD25(+) patients the RFS was 15 months, while in BCR/ABL(+) CD25(-) patients the RFS was 21 months, in BCR/ABL(-) CD25(-) patients, the RFS was 24 months. It is concluded that the CD25 expresses at high level in B-ALL patients with BCR/ABL(+), which may serve as a predictive marker for the presence of BCR/ABL fusion gene, and relates with relapse, CD25(+) may serve as a adjuvant indicator for poor prognosis.