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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Preparation of carbon-coated iron nanofluid and its application in radiofrequency ablation.
J. Biomed. Mater. Res. Part B Appl. Biomater.
PUBLISHED: 08-29-2014
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Carbon-coated iron nanoparticles (Fe@C CCINs) were synthesized by carbon arc discharge method and were studied via X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results showed that CCINs have good core-shell structure and are in size of 40-50 nm. Also, carbon-coated iron nanofluid (CCINs-nanofluid) was prepared via two-step method by dispersing as-prepared CCINs and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) into physiological saline. Its dispersion stability and thermal conductivity were detected by gravity sedimentation method and Hotdisk thermal constant analyzer respectively. The results indicated that CCINs-nanofluid possesses good dispersity and stability. Moreover, CCINs-nanofluid showed enhanced thermal conductivity compared with its base fluid physiological saline. The enhancement of thermal conductivity even reaches 41%. Additionally, CCINs-nanofluid injection aided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) was carried out. The relation between tissue temperature and ablation time revealed that by injecting CCINs-nanofluid into pork livers during RFA, target tissue temperatures were less than 100°C. Dissected pork livers showed that there was little or no tissue charring around the ablation probe. Results of ablation area calculation showed that the ablation area of CCINs-nanofluid injection aided RFA was 67% larger than that of saline injection aided RFA, indicating that a larger-volume tumor tissue necrosis at a single session can be achieved by CCINs-nanofluid injection aided RFA. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2014.
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Impact of biodegradable versus durable polymer drug-eluting stents on clinical outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease: a meta-analysis of 15 randomized trials.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 06-04-2014
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Drug eluting stents (DESs) made with biodegradable polymer have been developed in an attempt to improve clinical outcomes. However, the impact of biodegradable polymers on clinical events and stent thrombosis (ST) remains controversial.
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Nine-month angiographic and two-year clinical follow-up of polymer-free sirolimus-eluting stent versus durable-polymer sirolimus-eluting stent for coronary artery disease: the Nano randomized trial.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 06-04-2014
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First generation drug-eluting stents (DES) were associated with a high incidence of late stent thrombosis (ST), mainly due to delayed healing and re-endothelization by the durable polymer coating. This study sought to assess the safety and efficacy of the Nano polymer-free sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) in the treatment of patients with de novo coronary artery lesions.
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Circumferential distribution of the neointima at six-month and two-year follow-up after a bioresorbable vascular scaffold implantation: a substudy of the ABSORB Cohort B Clinical Trial.
EuroIntervention
PUBLISHED: 04-29-2014
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Aims: To investigate the extent and the circumferential distribution of the neointima tissue developed following an Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) implantation. Methods and results: Twenty-three patients who were treated with the Absorb BVS and had optical coherence tomographic examination after scaffold implantation, at six-month and at two-year follow-up, were included in the current analysis. The lumen and the scaffold borders were detected and the circumferential thickness of the neointima was measured at one degree intervals. The symmetry of the neointima was defined as: minimum/maximum thickness. The lumen area was decreased at six months compared to baseline but it did not change between six-month and two-year follow-up (baseline: 7.49 [6.13-8.00] mm2, six months: 6.31 (4.75-7.06) mm2, two years: 6.01 [4.67-7.11] mm2, p=0.373). However, the mean neointima thickness (six months: 189 [173-229] ?m, two years: 258 [222-283] ?m, p<0.0001) and the symmetry index of the neointima (six months: 0.06 [0.02-0.09], two years: 0.27 [0.24-0.36], p<0.0001) were increased at two years. Full circumferential coverage of the vessel wall by neointima tissue was seen in 91% of the studied frames at two years. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that after an Absorb BVS implantation neointima tissue develops that covers almost the whole circumference of the vessel wall. In contrast to the metallic stents, the neointima tissue does not compromise the luminal dimensions. Further research is required to evaluate the neointimal characteristics and assess the potential value of the device in passivating high-risk plaques.
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[Hepatitis B reactivation after treatment for HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma: comparative analysis of radiofrequency ablation versus hepatic resection].
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-12-2014
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To perform a comparative analysis of the reactivation rate of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and related risk factors after treatment of HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or hepatic resection.
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Conformational dynamics through an intermediate.
J Chem Phys
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2014
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The self-assembly of biological and synthetic nanostructures commonly proceeds via intermediate states. In living systems in particular, the intermediates have the capacity to tilt the balance between functional and potentially fatal behavior. This work develops a statistical mechanical treatment of conformational dynamics through an intermediate under a variable force. An analytical solution is derived for the key experimentally measurable quantity-the distribution of forces at which a conformational transition occurs. The solution reveals rich kinetics over a broad range of parameters and enables one to locate the intermediate and extract the activation barriers and rate constants.
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High expression of thymosin beta 10 predicts poor prognosis for hepatocellular carcinoma after hepatectomy.
World J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 03-17-2014
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Thymosin beta 10 (Tbeta10) overexpression has been reported in a variety of human cancers. However, the role of Tbeta10 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to analyze Tbeta10 expression in tumor and matched non-tumorous tissues, and to assess its prognostic significance for HCC after hepatectomy.
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Bioresorbable scaffolds for coronary artery disease: current status and future prospective.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 03-14-2014
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To update the current status of bioresorbable scaffold, highlights the potential future prospective of innovative bioresorbable scaffold technology.
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The inflammation-based scores to predict prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma after hepatectomy.
Med. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 02-03-2014
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The aims of this study were to compare the prognostic ability of inflammation-based prognostic scores including the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), the modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, prognostic index, and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergoing hepatectomy, and to propose the combination of staging systems and inflammation scores to improve the prognostic power. Data for 349 patients who underwent hepatectomy as initial treatment for HCC between 2008 and 2009 were retrieved from a prospective database. The association of inflammation scores with clinicopathological variables and overall survival (OS) was analyzed, and the concordance index (C-index) was calculated to compare the predictive ability of each inflammation scores and staging systems including Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) and Cancer of the Liver Italian Program (CLIP) scores. The median follow-up period was 39 months, the 1, 2, and 3 year OS was 75.4, 67.0, and 59.0 %, respectively, and the median OS was 39 months. All inflammation scores, except PNI, were associated with tumor size, major/microvascular invasion and clinical stages, and the GPS and mGPS had a higher C-index (0.608). Multivariate analysis showed that the GPS, BCLC, and CLIP were independently associated with OS. The combined GPS and CLIP (C-index = 0.705) were superior to CLIP alone (C-index = 0.686) or the GPS alone in prognostic ability. The prognostic ability of the GPS is superior to other inflammation scores for patients undergoing hepatectomy as initial treatment for HCC. Combining GPS and CLIP improved the prognostic power.
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3D trajectories adopted by coding and regulatory DNA elements: first-passage times for genomic interactions.
Cell
PUBLISHED: 01-30-2014
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During B lymphocyte development, immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable (VH), diversity (DH), and joining (JH) segments assemble to generate a diverse antigen receptor repertoire. Here, we have marked the distal VH and DH-JH-E? regions with Tet-operator binding sites and traced their 3D trajectories in pro-B cells transduced with a retrovirus encoding Tet-repressor-EGFP. We found that these elements displayed fractional Langevin motion (fLm) due to the viscoelastic hindrance from the surrounding network of proteins and chromatin fibers. Using fractional Langevin dynamics modeling, we found that, with high probability, DHJH elements reach a VH element within minutes. Spatial confinement emerged as the dominant parameter that determined the frequency of such encounters. We propose that the viscoelastic nature of the nuclear environment causes coding elements and regulatory elements to bounce back and forth in a spring-like fashion until specific genomic interactions are established and that spatial confinement of topological domains largely controls first-passage times for genomic interactions.
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Assembled core-shell nanostructures of gold nanoparticles with biocompatible polymers toward biology.
Curr Top Med Chem
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2014
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The present review focuses on core-shell nanostructures of spherical gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) and biocompatible polymers mainly from the view points of preparation approaches, nanocomposite properties and potential applications for biology. The preparation approaches are assorted into direct-reduction, covalent "graft-to", "graft-from" approach, surface bonding and physical adsorption. Various biocompatible polymers are involved such as the thermosensitive polymers, pH-responsive polymers, antibiofouling polymers, conductive polymers and several natural polymers. The encapsulating and loading properties, cellular uptake and drug release control, as well as biorecognition, targeting and sensing potential are discussed in connection with biological systems. These polymeric gold nanocomposites will have a great potential in biotechnology and life science but also face enormous challenge in future applications.
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Decomposition of Phragmites australis litter retarded by invasive Solidago canadensis in mixtures: an antagonistic non-additive effect.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2014
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Solidago canadensis is an aggressive invader in China. Solidago invasion success is partially attributed to allelopathic compounds release and more benefits from AM fungi, which potentially makes the properties of Solidago litter different from co-occurring natives. These properties may comprehensively affect litter decomposition of co-occurring natives. We conducted a field experiment to examine litter mixing effects in a Phragmites australis dominated community invaded by Solidago in southeast China. Solidago had more rapid mass and N loss rate than Phragmites when they decomposed separately. Litter mixing decreased N loss rate in Phragmites litter and increased that of Solidago. Large decreases in Phragmites mass loss and smaller increases in Solidago mass loss caused negative non-additive effect. Solidago litter extracts reduced soil C decomposition and N processes, suggested an inhibitory effect of Solidago secondary compounds. These results are consistent with the idea that nutrient transfer and secondary compounds both affected litter mixtures decomposition.
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A transformation for the mechanical fingerprints of complex biomolecular interactions.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
PUBLISHED: 09-23-2013
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Biological processes are carried out through molecular conformational transitions, ranging from the structural changes within biomolecules to the formation of macromolecular complexes and the associations between the complexes themselves. These transitions cover a vast range of timescales and are governed by a tangled network of molecular interactions. The resulting hierarchy of interactions, in turn, becomes encoded in the experimentally measurable "mechanical fingerprints" of the biomolecules, their force-extension curves. However, how can we decode these fingerprints so that they reveal the kinetic barriers and the associated timescales of a biological process? Here, we show that this can be accomplished with a simple, model-free transformation that is general enough to be applicable to molecular interactions involving an arbitrarily large number of kinetic barriers. Specifically, the transformation converts the mechanical fingerprints of the system directly into a map of force-dependent rate constants. This map reveals the kinetics of the multitude of rate processes in the system beyond what is typically accessible to direct measurements. With the contributions from individual barriers to the interaction network now "untangled", the map is straightforward to analyze in terms of the prominent barriers and timescales. Practical implementation of the transformation is illustrated with simulated biomolecular interactions that comprise different patterns of complexity--from a cascade of activation barriers to competing dissociation pathways.
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Family history of hepatocellulcar carcinoma is not associated with its patients prognosis after hepatectomy.
World J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 07-25-2013
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Family history of liver cancer is a major risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we investigated the prognosis of patients with HCC with or without family history.
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A modified TNM-7 staging system to better predict the survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma after hepatectomy.
J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 06-17-2013
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To evaluate the accuracy of the 7th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system (TNM-7) for patients undergoing hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to propose a modified TNM system for better prediction of survival.
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Short-Term and Long-Term Clinical Impact of Stent Thrombosis and Graft Occlusion in the SYNTAX Trial at 5 Years: Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery Trial.
J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-01-2013
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The aim of this study was to report the short-term and long-term clinical impact of stent thrombosis (ST) and graft occlusion (GO) in the final 5-year outcomes of the SYNTAX (SYNergy Between PCI With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery) trial.
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Postoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio change predicts survival of patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma undergoing radiofrequency ablation.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-31-2013
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An elevated preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been reported to be a prognostic factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients after treatment. However, the clinical implication of postoperative NLR change remains unclear.
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Chinese tallow trees (Triadica sebifera) from the invasive range outperform those from the native range with an active soil community or phosphorus fertilization.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Two mechanisms that have been proposed to explain success of invasive plants are unusual biotic interactions, such as enemy release or enhanced mutualisms, and increased resource availability. However, while these mechanisms are usually considered separately, both may be involved in successful invasions. Biotic interactions may be positive or negative and may interact with nutritional resources in determining invasion success. In addition, the effects of different nutrients on invasions may vary. Finally, genetic variation in traits between populations located in introduced versus native ranges may be important for biotic interactions and/or resource use. Here, we investigated the roles of soil biota, resource availability, and plant genetic variation using seedlings of Triadica sebifera in an experiment in the native range (China). We manipulated nitrogen (control or 4 g/m(2)), phosphorus (control or 0.5 g/m(2)), soil biota (untreated or sterilized field soil), and plant origin (4 populations from the invasive range, 4 populations from the native range) in a full factorial experiment. Phosphorus addition increased root, stem, and leaf masses. Leaf mass and height growth depended on population origin and soil sterilization. Invasive populations had higher leaf mass and growth rates than native populations did in fresh soil but they had lower, comparable leaf mass and growth rates in sterilized soil. Invasive populations had higher growth rates with phosphorus addition but native ones did not. Soil sterilization decreased specific leaf area in both native and exotic populations. Negative effects of soil sterilization suggest that soil pathogens may not be as important as soil mutualists for T. sebifera performance. Moreover, interactive effects of sterilization and origin suggest that invasive T. sebifera may have evolved more beneficial relationships with the soil biota. Overall, seedlings from the invasive range outperformed those from the native range, however, an absence of soil biota or low phosphorus removed this advantage.
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Bioresorbable scaffolds in the treatment of coronary artery disease.
Med Devices (Auckl)
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Drug-eluting stents have reduced the risk of in-stent restenosis and have broadened the application in percutaneous coronary intervention in coronary artery disease. However, the concept of using a permanent metallic endovascular device to restore the patency of a stenotic artery has inherited pitfalls, namely the presence of a foreign body within the artery causing vascular inflammation, late complications such as restenosis and stent thrombosis, and impeding the restoration of the physiologic function of the stented segment. Bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) were introduced to potentially overcome these limitations, as they provide temporary scaffolding and then disappear, liberating the treated vessel from its cage. Currently, several BRSs are available, undergoing evaluation either in clinical trials or in preclinical settings. The aim of this review is to present the new developments in BRS technology, describe the mechanisms involved in the resorption process, and discuss the potential future prospects of this innovative therapy.
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Therapeutic safety and effects of adjuvant autologous RetroNectin activated killer cell immunotherapy for patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma after radiofrequency ablation.
Cancer Biol. Ther.
PUBLISHED: 06-06-2010
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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurs frequently after minimally invasive therapy. Adoptive immunotherapy is considered helpful in lowering recurrence and metastasis rates of malignant tumors. In this study, we report the combination of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and autologous RetroNectin activated killer (RAK) cells in the treatment of HCC patients with a tumor size less than 4 cm. Autologous RAK cells were transfused via an intravenous drip into the patients. Flow cytometry was used to assess the change of percentages of lymphocyte subsets in the peripheral blood of the patients. Computed tomography was used to observe the tumor recurrent conditions of patients by every 2 m. During a seven-month follow-up, no severe adverse events, recurrences or deaths were observed in all 7 HCC patients. These preliminary results suggest the feasability and safety of the combined therapeutic regimen for HCC, and that the RAK cell adoptive immunotherapy might be helpful in preventing recurrence in HCC patients after RFA.
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The negative impact of incomplete angiographic revascularization on clinical outcomes and its association with total occlusions: the SYNTAX (Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) trial.
J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.
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The study sought to evaluate the clinical impact of angiographic complete (CR) and incomplete (ICR) revascularization and its association with the presence of total occlusions (TO), after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in the "all-comers" SYNTAX (Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) trial.
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Comparison of intravascular ultrasound versus angiography-guided drug-eluting stent implantation: a meta-analysis of one randomised trial and ten observational studies involving 19,619 patients.
EuroIntervention
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The impact of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guided coronary drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation on clinical outcomes remains controversial. A meta-analysis of the currently available clinical trials investigating IVUS-guided DES implantation was undertaken.
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Five-year clinical follow-up of unprotected left main bifurcation lesion stenting: one-stent versus two-stent techniques versus double-kissing crush technique.
EuroIntervention
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The present study aimed to compare the long-term (five-year) safety and efficacy between the one-stent, two-stent and double-kissing (DK) crush strategies, utilising drug-eluting stents, for unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) bifurcation lesions.
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Tumor infiltration in the medial resection margin predicts survival after pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.
J. Gastrointest. Surg.
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Microscopic tumor involvement (R1) in different surgical resection margins after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has been debated.
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Novel percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of portal vein tumor thrombus: safety and feasibility.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol
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We report our experience of the safety of partial recanalization of the portal vein using a novel endovascular radiofrequency (RF) catheter for portal vein tumor thrombosis.
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Bioresorbable scaffolds: current evidence and ongoing clinical trials.
Curr Cardiol Rep
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Bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) represent a novel approach in coronary stent technology. In contrast to the metallic stents, they provide transient scaffolding, thereby safeguarding early vessel patency and acute gain. Subsequently a process of "decomposition" occurs, that results in the complete absorption of the scaffold. This reduces the risk of late complications, allowing the vessel to maintain its integrity and physiological function. This unique ability has attracted interest and nowadays several BRS are available. The aim of this review article is to describe the advances in the field, present the evidence from the preclinical and clinical evaluation of these devices, and provide an overview of the ongoing clinical trials that were designed to examine the effectiveness of BRS in the clinical setting.
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Bioresorbable scaffolds: current knowledge, potentialities and limitations experienced during their first clinical applications.
Int. J. Cardiol.
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The traditional metallic stents have significant limitations as they predispose to late thrombosis, may preclude surgical revascularization and distort vessel physiology. Bioresorbable scaffolds (BRSs) are a relatively new technology introduced to overcome these drawbacks. The potential of these devices as well as the reported results from their clinical applications attracted interest and drove research and industry towards the development of new BRSs and the improvement of the existing devices. Thus, over the last years considerable progress has been made and today numerous BRSs are available. The aim of this review article is to highlight the potentialities of these devices, describe the evidence from the recent clinical trials and discuss the advantages, limitations and concerns that were aroused during the first implementation of BRSs in clinical arena.
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High expression of high mobility group box 1 (hmgb1) predicts poor prognosis for hepatocellular carcinoma after curative hepatectomy.
J Transl Med
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High mobility group box 1(HMGB1) overexpression has been reported in a variety of human cancers. However, the role of HMGB1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. The aim of present study was to analyze HMGB1 protein expression in tumor, para-tumor and normal tissue and to assess its prognostic significance for HCC after curative hepatectomy.
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Preoperative vascular evaluation with computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging for pancreatic cancer: a meta-analysis.
Pancreatology
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Vascular invasion (VI) is the most important factor in assessing operability for pancreatic cancer. The accuracy of preoperative vascular staging with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was examined using meta-analysis.
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18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in management of pancreatic cystic tumors.
Nucl. Med. Biol.
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To evaluate the effectiveness of PET in differentiating malignant from benign pancreatic cystic tumors.
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Loco-recurrence after resection for ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas: predictors and implications for adjuvant chemoradiotherapy.
J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
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Loco (regional)-recurrence rate after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains high, and the efficiency of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy is still debated. We aimed to assess predictors of loco-recurrence in order to tailor the indications for adjuvant chemoradiotherapy.
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Elevated neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio might predict poor prognosis for colorectal liver metastasis after percutaneous radiofrequency ablation.
Int J Hyperthermia
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Elevated neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been shown to be a predictor of poor survival in certain malignancies. We hypothesised NLR might predict prognosis for patients with colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) undergoing percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA).
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.