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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
[Effects of aerobic exercise training on antihypertension and expressions of VEGF, eNOS of skeletal muscle in spontaneous hypertensive rats].
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-22-2014
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To investigate effects of exercise training on vascular regulators and discuss its antihypertensive mechanism.
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The effect of numerical magnitude on the perceptual processing speed of a digit.
J Vis
PUBLISHED: 10-19-2014
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In this study, we investigated whether the numerical information of a digit would affect perceptual processing speed for that digit. In Experiment 1, participants performed a temporal order judgment (TOJ) task in which they judged the order of two digits presented briefly to the left or right of the fixation point with a short asynchrony. The point of subjective simultaneity (PSS) was significantly shifted such that large numbers had to be presented before small numbers in order to be perceived as simultaneous, implying that small numbers are perceptually processed faster than large numbers. Given the susceptibility of a TOJ task to response bias, this result might have simply reflected the conceptual association between magnitude (e.g., small) and response selection (e.g., first). To exclude the potential influence of response bias, we adopted a simultaneity judgment (SJ) task in Experiment 2. Most participants in Experiment 2 had participated in Experiment 1. The participants judged whether the two digits were presented simultaneously or successively. The maximal possibility of simultaneous response was obtained when a large digit preceded a small digit by 5 ms, suggesting that small numbers were indeed perceived earlier than large numbers. Our findings indicated that small numbers were processed faster than large ones and that perceptual mechanisms contribute to this temporal advantage. In addition, although the TOJ and SJ task produced a similar processing speed advantage for small numbers, the PSSs of the two tasks were not correlated, which implied that different cognitive mechanisms were involved in the two tasks.
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Independently analyzing different surface plasmon polariton modes on silver nanowire.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 10-17-2014
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In this paper, surface plasmon polariton (SPP) modes on silver nanowire (AgNW), with different field symmetric, are studied by different near field methods, respectively. In the experiment, the excitation and detection of SPPs are performed by two probes of near field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) simultaneously, which realizes the study of SPPs in complete near field. By controlling the experimental conditions, two of the fundamental SPP modes are detected separately and their intensity distributions on AgNW are given by the NSOM images. In the discussion, creeping wave (CW) is introduced to analyze the experimental results, which improves the coincidence of the experimental results and the theoretical calculations. A detailed characterization of SPPs modes in near field, which gives a further insight into optical properties of AgNW, will benefit integrated optical circuits.
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Compact airborne Raman lidar for profiling aerosol, water vapor and clouds.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 10-17-2014
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A compact airborne Raman lidar system, which can perform water vapor and aerosol measurements both during nighttime and daytime is described. The system design, setup and the data processing methods are described in the paper. The Raman lidar was tested on University of Wyoming King Air research aircraft (UWKA) during the Wyoming King Air PBL Exploratory Experiment (KAPEE) in 2010. An observation showing clouds, aerosols and a dry line is presented to illustrate the lidar detection capabilities. Comparisons of the water vapor and aerosol measurements using the Raman lidar and other in situ airborne instruments show good agreement.
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A pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic comparison of a novel pegylated recombinant consensus interferon-? variant with Pegasys in healthy subjects.
Br J Clin Pharmacol
PUBLISHED: 09-30-2014
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The aims of the study were to assess the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, safety and tolerability of PEG-IFN-SA in healthy volunteers. A pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic comparison of PEG-IFN-SA and peginterferon alfa-2a in healthy subjects was evaluated.
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[Application of HLAMatchmaker analysis eplets mismatch of renal transplant matching].
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-24-2014
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Eplets mismatch based on HLAMatchmaker software evaluates the clinical application of kidney transplantation.
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Radiosensitization effect of overexpression of adenovirus-mediated SIRT6 on A549 non-small cell lung cancer cells.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 09-18-2014
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To explore the radiosensitization effect of overexpression of silent information regulator 6 (SIRT6) on A549 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells.
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Fumigant methyl iodide can methylate inorganic mercury species in natural waters.
Nat Commun
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2014
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Methyl iodide or iodomethane (CH3I) has recently been registered as a fumigant in many countries, although its environmental impacts are not well understood. Here we report the results of a study on the methylation of mercury by CH3I in natural water by incubation experiments using both Hg ((199)HgCl2 and CH3(201)Hg(+))- and hydrogen (CD3I)-stable isotope addition techniques. We find that methylation of Hg(0), Hg2(2+) and Hg(2+) by CH3I can occur in natural water under sunlight, while only Hg(0) and Hg2(2+) can be methylated in deionized water. We propose that the methylation of Hg by CH3I in natural waters is mediated by sunlight and involves two steps, the reduction of Hg(2+) to Hg(0)/Hg2(2+) and the subsequent methylation of Hg(0)/Hg2(2+) by CH3I. Further quantitative assessment suggests that CH3I-involved methylation of inorganic Hg could be an important source of CH3Hg(+) in an environment where CH3I has been used in large amounts as a fumigant.
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Cr(VI) adsorption and reduction by humic acid coated on magnetite.
Environ. Sci. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 06-30-2014
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Easily separable humic acid coated magnetite (HA-Fe3O4) nanoparticles are employed for effective adsorption and reduction of toxic Cr(VI) to nontoxic Cr(III). The adsorption and reduction of Cr(VI) is effective under acidic, neutral, and basic pH conditions. The chromium adsorption nicely fits the Langmuir isotherm model, and the removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous media by HA-Fe3O4 particles follows pseudo-second-order kinetics. Characterization of the Cr-loaded HA-Fe3O4 materials by X-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy (XANES) indicates Cr(VI) was reduced to Cr(III) while the valence state of the iron core is unchanged. Fe K-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (EXAFS) and X-ray diffraction measurements also indicate no detectable transformation of the Fe3O4 core occurs during Cr(VI) adsorption and reduction. Thus, suggesting HA on the surface of HA-Fe3O4 is responsible for the reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III). The functional groups associated with HA act as ligands leading to the Cr(III) complex via a coupled reduction-complexation mechanism. Cr K-edge EXAFS demonstrates the Cr(III) in the Cr-loaded HA-Fe3O4 materials has six neighboring oxygen atoms likely in an octahedral geometry with average bond lengths of 1.98 Å. These results demonstrate that easily separable HA-Fe3O4 particles have promising potential for removal and detoxification of Cr(VI) in aqueous media.
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Anticancer effect of total annonaceous acetogenins on hepatocarcinoma.
Chin J Integr Med
PUBLISHED: 06-18-2014
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To confirm the anticancer effect of total annonaceous acetogenins (TAAs) abstracted from Annona squamosa Linn. on human hepatocarcinoma.
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Methylmercury photodegradation in surface water of the Florida Everglades: importance of dissolved organic matter-methylmercury complexation.
Environ. Sci. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 06-18-2014
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Photodegradation is the major pathway of methylmercury (MeHg) degradation in many surface waters. However, the mechanism of MeHg photodegradation is still not completely understood. Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is expected to play a critical role in MeHg photodegradation. By using several techniques, including N2/O2 purging and the addition of stable isotope (Me(201)Hg), scavengers, competing ligands, and a singlet oxygen ((1)O2) generator, the role played by MeHg-DOM complexation in MeHg photodegradation of Everglades surface water was investigated. DOM appeared to be involved in MeHg photodegradation via the formation MeHg-DOM complexes based on three findings: (1) MeHg was quickly photodegraded in solutions containing DOM extracts; (2) degradation of MeHg did not occur in deionized water; and (3) addition of competing complexation reagents (dithiothreitol-DTT) dramatically prohibited the photodegradation of MeHg in Everglades water. Further experiments indicated that free radicals/reactive oxygen species, including hydroxyl radical (·OH), (1)O2, triplet excited state of DOM ((3)DOM*), and hydrated electron (e(-)aq), played a minor role in MeHg photodegradation in Everglades water, based on the results of scavenger addition, (1)O2 generator addition and N2/O2 purging. A pathway, involving direct photodegradation of MeHg-DOM complexes via intramolecular electron transfer, is proposed as the dominant mechanism for MeHg photodegradation in Everglades water.
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Identification of plasma adrenomedullin as a possible prognostic biomarker for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Peptides
PUBLISHED: 06-09-2014
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Increased plasma adrenomedullin levels have been reported in critically ill patients. This study tested the hypothesis that plasma adrenomedullin levels are significantly increased in patients with acute spontaneous aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, and are predictive of clinical outcomes. Plasma adrenomedullin levels from 120 adult patients with spontaneous aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and 120 healthy volunteers during the study period were evaluated. Mortality and poor long-term outcome (Glasgow Outcome Scale score of 1-3) at 6 months were recorded. Data showed that circulating plasma adrenomedullin levels significantly increased in patients on admission compared with the volunteers. In patients who died or had poor outcome at 6 months, plasma adrenomedullin levels were significantly higher compared with survivors and patients with good outcome. Plasma adrenomedullin levels on presentation were highly associated with clinical severity assessed using World Federation of Neurological Surgeons score and Fisher score, emerged as the independent risk factor of 6-month mortality and poor outcome, and possessed similar predictive value to World Federation of Neurological Surgeons score and Fisher score based on receiver operating characteristic curves. A combined logistic-regression model did not demonstrate the additive benefit of adrenomedullin to World Federation of Neurological Surgeons score and Fisher score. Thus, higher plasma adrenomedullin levels on presentation are associated with clinical severity and worse outcomes in patients with acute spontaneous aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.
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Efficacy and safety of phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors for treating erectile dysfunction in kidney transplant recipients: a meta-analysis.
Exp Clin Transplant
PUBLISHED: 06-09-2014
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Erectile dysfunction is common after kidney transplant. The phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors are the primary drugs for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of these drugs in the treatment of erectile dysfunction after kidney transplant.
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[Determination and uncertainty evaluation of microelements in flaxseed by using ICP-MS under two modes].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 05-03-2014
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Copper, iron, zinc and manganese in flaxseed were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). After digestion by microwave-assisted, Cu, Fe, Zn and Mn were analyzed by using Standard and KED modes. In the present study, testing effectiveness of the two modes was compared. On this base, valid determination mode was selected for each of the elements and uncertainty evaluations of the four microelements were explored. According to JJF1059-1999 (Evaluation and Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement), the main influence factors were analyzed one by one. Each of the uncertainties was calculated separately. It was showed that the results of Cu, Fe, Zn and Mn in flaxseed determined by ICP-MS method were satisfactory. At the same time, the results obtained in this work were considered to be valuable as a reference for the evaluation of uncertainty in measurement of Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn with ICP-MS.
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Epidemiology, species distribution and outcome of nosocomial Candida spp. bloodstream infection in Shanghai.
BMC Infect. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2014
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Yeasts, mostly Candida, are important causes of bloodstream infections (BSI), responsible for significant mortality and morbidity among hospitalized patients. The epidemiology and species distribution vary from different regions. The goals of this study were to report the current epidemiology of Candida BSI in a Shanghai Teaching Hospital and estimate the impact of appropriate antifungal therapy on the outcome.
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Diagnostic significance of combined detection of Epstein-Barr virus antibodies, VCA/IgA, EA/IgA, Rta/IgG and EBNA1/IgA for nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 04-11-2014
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The objective of this study was to investigate the diagnostic significance of EBV antibody combined detection for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in a high incidence region of southern China. Two hundred and eleven untreated NPC patients, 203 non-NPC ENT patients, and 210 healthy controls were recruited for the study. The titers of VCA/IgA and EA/IgA were assessed by immunoenzyme assay, and the levels of Rta/IgG and EBNA1/IgA were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The levels of VCA/IgA, EA/IgA, Rta/IgG and EBNA1/ IgA demonstrated no association with gender or age (p>0.05). The receiver operating characteristic curve and the area under the curve were used to evaluate the diagnostic value. The sensitivity of VCA/IgA (98.1%) and the specificity of EA/IgA (98.5%) were the highest. When a logistic regression model was used to combine the results from multiple antibodies to increase the accuracy, the combination of VCA/IgA+Rta/IgG, whose area under the curve was 0.99, had the highest diagnostic efficiency, and its sensitivity, specificity and Youden index were 94.8%, 98.0% and 0.93 respectively. The data suggest that the combination of VCA/IgA+Rta/IgG may be most suitable for NPC serodiagnosis.
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Multi-dimensional factors associated with unprotected anal intercourse with regular partners among Chinese men who have sex with men in Hong Kong: a respondent-driven sampling survey.
BMC Infect. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2014
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The HIV prevalence and incidence among men who have sex with men (MSM) are high. Unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) with male regular partners (RP) is an important but under-emphasized risk behavior. The current study aimed to describe the prevalence of UAI with regular partner and the associated multi-dimensional factors with UAI among MSM in Hong Kong, China.
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Role of downregulation of galectin-9 in the tumorigenesis of gastric cancer.
Int. J. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 03-28-2014
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Galectin-9 (Gal-9), a member of the ?-galactoside-binding galectin family, plays a role in immune response, apoptosis, cell proliferation and cell death. Recent studies have shown that abnormal expression of Gal-9 is involved in certain primary cancers. The present study is the first investigation of the role of Gal-9 gene expression in clinically diagnosed primary gastric cancer tissues. Gal-9 mRNA expression was assessed in 44 clinically diagnosed frozen primary cancer tissue samples using quantitative PCR (qPCR). Analysis of the qPCR data revealed a significant reduction (>2-fold decreased) of Gal-9 gene expression in gastric cancer tissues in 77% (34/44) of patients. In patients with gastric cancer, although no statistically significant difference was found between adjacent (<2 cm away from the cancer tissue) and normal tissues (>5 cm away from the cancer tissue), a >2-fold reduction in Gal-9 expression was observed in the adjacent tissues of 34% of the patients. Compared to matched normal or adjacent tissues, the gene expression of Gal-9 was significantly decreased in tumor tissues (p<0.001). The correlation of Gal-9 expression and clinicopathological features in gastric cancer was analyzed according to the TNM classification system using AJCC stage grouping. In patients with gastric cancer, clinical staging, tumor pathological stage (pT stage), tumor cell differentiation, lymph node metastasis and survival rate were found to be associated with Gal-9 expression. However, no significant association was found between Gal-9 expression and distant metastasis (p>0.05). No significant difference was found between patients of different genders, levels of cell differentiation, distant metastasis status or different survival time of patients. Compared to normal tissues, >2-fold reduction of Tim-3 expression in gastric cancer tissues occurred in 59% of patients, but no correlation was found between Gal-9 and Tim-3 in gastric cancer. These results strongly suggest that Gal-9 is involved in tumorigenesis of gastric cancer.
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Dimethylarsinothioyl glutathione as a metabolite in human multiple myeloma cell lines upon exposure to Darinaparsin.
Chem. Res. Toxicol.
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2014
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Here, we report the identification of dimethylarsinothioyl glutathione (DMMTA(V)(GS)) as a metabolite in cellular extracts of dimethyarsinous glutathione (Darinaparsin, DMA(III)(GS)) treated human multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines. Co-elution of sulfur and arsenic on the inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) indicated the presence of sulfur along with arsenic in the newly observed unidentified molecule on the speciation chromatograms of cell lines treated with DMA(III)(GS). Liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry of the unknown peak in the MS and tandem MS modes revealed molecular ion peaks at m/z = 443.9 and 466.0, corresponding to [DMMTA(V)(GS) + H](+) and [DMMTA(V)(GS) + Na](+), as well as peaks at 314.8 for the loss of glutamic acid and 231.1 for the loss of glycine. In addition, peaks were observed at 176.9 corresponding to cysteine and glycine adducts and at 137.1 for the [C2H6AsS](+) ion. An increase in the peak area of the unidentified peak was observed upon spiking the cell extracts with a standard of DMMTA(V)(GS). Heat deactivation of MM cells prevented the formation of DMMTA(V)(GS) raising the possibility of its formation via an enzymatic reaction. Formation studies in DMA(III)(GS) treated MM cells revealed the dependence of DMMTA(V)(GS) formation on the depletion of DMA(III)(GS). The presence of 5 mM glutathione prevented its formation, indicating that DMA(III), a dissociation product of DMA(III)(GS), is likely a precursor for the formation of DMMTA(V)(GS). DMMTA(V)(GS) was observed to form under acidic and neutral pH conditions (pH 3.0-7.4). In addition, DMMTA(V)(GS) was found to be stable in cell extracts at both acidic and neutral pH conditions. When assessing the toxicity by exposing multiple myeloma cells to arsenicals externally, DMMTA(V)(GS) was found to be much less toxic than DMA(III)(GS) and DMMTA(V), potentially due to its limited uptake in the cells (10 and 16% of the uptakes of DMA(III)(GS) and DMMTA(V), respectively).
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Effect of Withaferin A on A549 cellular proliferation and apoptosis in non-small cell lung cancer.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2014
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To explore the effect of Withaferin A on A549 cellular proliferation and apoptosis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
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Small number preference in guiding attention.
Exp Brain Res
PUBLISHED: 03-13-2014
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Healthy individuals are usually biased toward small numbers when they are asked to mentally bisect number intervals or generate number sequences. Number magnitude may be represented spatially along a left-to-right mental number line. The preference for small numbers is believed to reflect the leftward spatial bias of this numerical representation. This study examined whether small numbers captured visual attention more than larger numbers. Participants were asked to detect a target pre-cued by a small or a large number. We found that the response was faster when the target was pre-cued by a small number than when pre-cued by a large number, suggesting that visual attention is preferentially allocated to small numbers. In addition, this attentional preference for small numbers was distinct for participants of different educational backgrounds. For science or engineering participants, this small number preference was enhanced by left-hand responding and was positively correlated with the small number preference in a random number generation task, suggesting that the small number preference was attributable to a leftward bias of the spatial representation. For liberal arts participants, however, left-hand responding did not enhance the small number preference and no correlations were found between the attention task and the random number generation task, suggesting that non-spatial processing mediated the small number preference. Our findings show that the small number preference occurs as early as the perceptual processing stage and distinct mechanisms underlie the preference for small numbers for participants with different educational backgrounds.
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Environmental neurotoxins ?-N-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) and mercury in shark cartilage dietary supplements.
Food Chem. Toxicol.
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2014
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Shark cartilage products are marketed as dietary supplements with claimed health benefits for animal and human use. Shark fin and cartilage products sold as extracts, dry powders and in capsules are marketed based on traditional Chinese medicine claims that it nourishes the blood, enhances appetite, and energizes multiple internal organs. Shark cartilage contains a mixture of chondroitin and glucosamine, a popular nutritional supplement ingested to improve cartilage function. Sharks are long-lived apex predators, that bioaccumulate environmental marine toxins and methylmercury from dietary exposures. We recently reported detection of the cyanobacterial toxin ?-N-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) in the fins of seven different species of sharks from South Florida coastal waters. Since BMAA has been linked to degenerative brain diseases, the consumption of shark products may pose a human risk for BMAA exposures. In this report, we tested sixteen commercial shark cartilage supplements for BMAA by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC-FD) with fluorescence detection and ultra performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Total mercury (Hg) levels were measured in the same shark cartilage products by cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry (CVAFS). We report here that BMAA was detected in fifteen out of sixteen products with concentrations ranging from 86 to 265?g/g (dry weight). All of the shark fin products contained low concentrations of Hg. While Hg contamination is a known risk, the results of the present study demonstrate that shark cartilage products also may contain the neurotoxin BMAA. Although the neurotoxic potential of dietary exposure to BMAA is currently unknown, the results demonstrate that shark cartilage products may contain two environmental neurotoxins that have synergistic toxicities.
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Performance of a collimating L-shaped laterally graded multilayer mirror for the IXS analyzer system at NSLS-II.
J Synchrotron Radiat
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2014
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The L-shaped laterally graded multilayer mirror is a vital part of the ultrahigh-energy and momentum-resolution inelastic X-ray scattering spectrometer at the National Synchrotron Light Source II. This mirror was designed and implemented as a two-dimensional collimating optic for the analyzer system. Its performance was characterized using a secondary large-divergence source at the 30-ID beamline of the Advanced Photon Source, which yielded an integrated reflectivity of 47% and a collimated beam divergence of 78 µrad with a source size of 10 µm. Numerical simulations of the mirror performance in tandem with the analyzer crystal optics provided details on the acceptance sample volume in forward scattering and defined the technical requirements on the mirror stability and positioning precision. It was shown that the mirror spatial and angular stability must be in the range <8.4 µm and <21.4 µrad, respectively, for reliable operation of the analyzer.
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Engrailed-2 is down-regulated but also ectopically expressed in clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
Mol. Biol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 02-03-2014
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Engrailed-2 (EN2), a member of the homeobox family of genes, encodes a homeodomain-containing transcription factor that is thought to be a potential oncogene in a number of cancers. Because the role of EN2 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) has not been determined, we investigated its expression in CCRCC tissues and cell lines. Using immunohistochemical (IHC) staining, we found that EN2 protein was expressed in normal renal cells and tubules, but was frequently down-regulated in tissues from patients with CCRCC and in CCRCC cell lines. In addition, we found that EN2, which functions in the nucleus, was completely localized to the cytoplasm of CCRCC cells as detected by IHC and immunofluorescence staining. Furthermore, expression of EN2 protein was negatively correlated with increasing histological grade of CCRCC tumors (P = 0.003). The exact role of EN2 expression in renal carcinoma carcinogenesis requires further investigation.
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UPLC-Q/TOF MS standardized Chinese formula Xin-Ke-Shu for the treatment of atherosclerosis in a rabbit model.
Phytomedicine
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2014
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Xin-Ke-Shu (XKS), a patent traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparation, has been commonly used for the treatment of coronary heart disease in China. In order to understand its mechanism of action, a metabonomic approach based on ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q/TOF MS) was utilized to profile the plasma metabolic fingerprints of atherosclerosis (AS) rabbits with and without XKS treatment. The metabolic profile of model group clearly separated from normal, and that of XKS group was closer to the control group. Metabolites with significant changes during atherosclerosis were characterized as potential biomarkers related to the development of atherosclerosis by using orthogonal partial least-squares-discriminate analysis (OPLS-DA). Twenty potential biomarkers, including l-acetylcarnitine (1), propionylcarnitine (2), unknown (3), phytosphingosine (4), glycoursodeoxycholic acid (5), LPC(14:0) (6), sphinganine (7), LPC(20:5) (8), LPC(16:1) (9), LPC(18:2) (10), LPC(18:3) (11), LPC(22:5) (12), LPC(16:0) (13), LPC(18:1) (14), LPC(22:4) (15), LPC(17:0) (16), LPC(20:2) (17), elaidic carnitine (18), LPC(18:0) (19) and LPC(20:1) (20), were identified by their accurate mass and MS(E) spectra. The derivations of those biomarkers can be regulated by administration of XKS, which suggested that the intervention effect of XKS against AS may involve in regulating the lipid perturbation including fatty acid ?-oxidation pathway, sphingolipid metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism and bile acid biosynthesis. This study indicated that the UPLC-Q/TOF MS-based metabonomics not only gave a systematic view of the pathomechanism of AS, but also provided a powerful tool to study the efficacy and mechanism of complex TCM prescriptions.
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A randomized and controlled multicenter prospective study of the chinese medicinal compound Fufang Xuelian Burn Ointment for the treatment of superficial and deep second-degree burn wounds.
Cell Biochem. Biophys.
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2014
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The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a traditional Chinese medicine, Fufang Xuelian Burn Ointment (FXBO), to treat superficial and deep second-degree burn wounds. A four-center, randomized, controlled, and prospective study was conducted. Overall, 240 patients with either superficial or deep second-degree burn wounds were enrolled consecutively in this study. Patients who were randomly assigned to the control group (superficial: 72, deep: 48) underwent common burn wound therapy, whereas those randomized to the treatment group (superficial: 72, deep: 48) received common burn wound therapy plus topical FXBO. The healing rate, healing time, effective rate, and safety data were compared between the two groups. The baseline characteristics were comparable for the two groups. The healing rate was 94.79(±7.50) in the control group and 98.60(±5.69) in the FXBO group after 14 days for patients with superficial second-degree burn wounds (P = 0.000), and 95.17(±9.68) versus 97.44(±9.81) at 28 for deep second-degree burn wounds (P = 0.025). The median healing time in the FXBO group were 9 and 21 days for superficial and deep second-degree burns, respectively, compared to 10.5 and 22.5 days, respectively, in control group (P(superficial) = 0.000 and P(deep) = 0.009). The results of the effective rate showed that comprehensive efficacy of the FXBO group was improved compared to the control group for either superficial or deep second-degree burns (P(superficial) = 0.035 and P deep = 0.003). There were no reported drug-related adverse events in both groups. Therefore, FXBO was well tolerated and more effective than control group for treating superficial and deep second-degree burn wounds.
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Correlation of low expression of hMOF with clinicopathological features of colorectal carcinoma, gastric cancer and renal cell carcinoma.
Int. J. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2014
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Human MOF (males absent on the first), as a histone acetyltransferase, is responsible for histone H4K16 acetylation in human cells. Recent studies have shown that the abnormal gene expression of hMOF is involved in certain primary cancers. Here, we first report the involvement of hMOF expression in clinically diagnosed primary colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and gastric cancer. Simultaneously, the correlation of hMOF expression and clinicopathological features in CRC, gastric cancer and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) was analyzed. The hMOF mRNA expression was assessed in 44 CRC, 16 gastric cancer and 47 RCC human tissue samples by quantitative PCR (qPCR). Statistical analysis of qPCR data revealed a significant reduction (>2-fold decrease) of hMOF gene expression in CRC, 57% (25/44), 94% (15/16) in gastric cancer and 74% (35/47) in RCC tissues of the patients. In patients with CRC, lymph node metastasis and tumor stage were associated with hMOF expression patterns. However, no significant association between hMOF expression and tumor types emerged (p>0.05). Interestingly, in patients with gastric cancer, although no statistically significant difference was found between adjacent (<2 cm away from the cancer tissue) and normal tissues (>5 cm away from the cancer tissue), >2-fold reduction of hMOF expression in adjacent tissues had already appeared in 35% of patients. In addition, low expression of hMOF was strongly correlated with tumor differentiation (p<0.05) and survival of patients with gastric cancer (p<0.001). While in patients with RCC, downregulation of hMOF was connected to ccRCC and tissues with T1 tumor status. Our results suggest that downregulation of hMOF may be common in cancer tissues, and may represent a novel biomarker for tumor diagnosis.
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The progression of the tubulointerstitial fibrosis driven by stress-induced "proliferation-death" vicious circle.
Med. Hypotheses
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2014
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Several hypotheses have been developed to interpret the progression of tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TF), including senescence, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, inflammation, chronic hypoxia, and reactive oxygen species. All of these hypotheses are based on persistent cell injury and localized cell death. Proliferation of neighboring renal tubular epithelial cells (RTECs) is beneficial for organ function recovery from acute injury. However, compensatory proliferation is not always advantageous, as the proliferating cells are vulnerable to ongoing detrimental stimuli, such as inflammation, endocrine stress, high blood pressure, hypoxia/ischemia, and the like. Cell injury and death promotes secretion of growth factors, which evokes proliferation of RTECs; entering the cell cycle makes the RTECs more vulnerable to injury and death. Under persistent stress, death and proliferation are mutually promoted and form the vicious circle that triggers, maintains, and augments the inflammation and progression of TF. We hypothesize that the "proliferation-death" circle is another important pathophysiologic mechanism of TF onset. Through this hypothesis, this paper interprets the development and progression of TF. Moreover, the vicious circle may be universal, underlying the development of inflammation and fibrosis in various organs and tissues. The hypothesis also suggests a potential therapy strategy for the inhibition of fibrosis.
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Ultra-sensitive quantification of lysozyme based on element chelate labeling and capillary electrophoresis-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.
Anal. Chim. Acta
PUBLISHED: 01-02-2014
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In this study, an ultra-sensitive method for the quantification of lysozyme based on the Gd(3+) diethylenetriamine-N,N,N',N?,N?-pentaacetic acid labeling and capillary electrophoresis-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (CE-ICP-MS) was described. The Gd(3+)-tagged lysozyme was effectively separated by capillary electrophoresis (CE) and sensitively determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Based on the gadolinium-tagging and CE-ICP-MS, the lysozyme was determined within 12 min with an extremely low detection limit of 3.89 attomole (3.89×10(-11) mol L(-1) for 100 nL of sample injection) and a RSD<6% (n=5). The proposed method has been successfully used to detect lysozyme in saliva samples with a recovery of 91-106%, suggesting that our method is sensitive and reliable. The success of the present method provides a new potential for the biological assays and sensitive detection of low-abundant proteins.
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The therapeutic effect of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 delivered by an electrospun scaffold for hyperglycemia and nephrotic disorders.
Int J Nanomedicine
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Here, we investigated in diabetic mice the therapeutic effect of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), locally delivered by an electrospun scaffold, on transplanted islets. This therapeutic scheme is expected to exert a synergistic effect to ameliorate hyperglycemia and its associated nephrotic disorders. The cumulative amount of MCP-1 released from the scaffold in vitro within a 3-week window was 267.77 ± 32.18 ng, without a compromise in bioactivity. After 8 weeks following the transplantation, the islet population stimulated by MCP-1 was 35.14%± 7.23% larger than the non-stimulated islet population. Moreover, MCP-1 increased concentrations of blood insulin and C-peptide 2 by 49.83%± 5.29% and 43.49%± 9.21%, respectively. Consequently, the blood glucose concentration in the MCP-1 group was significantly lower than that in the control group at week 2 post-surgery. MCP-1 also enhanced the tolerance of sudden oral glucose challenge. The rapid decrease of blood creatinine, urine creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen suggested that the recovery of renal functions compromised by hyperglycemia could also be attributed to MCP-1. Our study shed new light on a synergistic strategy to alleviate hyperglycemia and nephrotic disorders in diabetic patients.
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Two monoclonal antibodies recognising aa 634-668 and aa 1026-1055 of NogoA enhance axon extension and branching in cultured neurons.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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In a previous study, we generated two monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in mice, aNogoA-N and aNogo-66 mAb, which were raised against recombinant N-terminal fragments of rat NogoA and Nogo-66, respectively. When compared with the commercial rabbit anti-rat NogoA polyclonal antibody (pAb), which can specifically recognise NogoA, the two mAbs were also specific for the NogoA antigen in immunofluorescence histochemical (IHC) staining and Western blot (WB) analysis. Serial truncations of NogoA covering the N-terminal region of NogoA (aa 570-691) and Nogo-66 (aa 1026-1091) were expressed in E. coli. The epitopes recognised by aNogoA-N and aNogo-66 are located in the aa 634-668 and aa 1026-1055 regions of NogoA, respectively. Both mAbs remarkably enhanced the axon growth and branching of cultured hippocampal neurons in vitro. These results suggest that the antibodies that bind to aa 634-668 and aa 1026-1055 of NogoA may have stimulatory effects on axon growth and branching. Additionally, the two mAbs that we generated are specific for NogoA and significantly block NogoA function. In conclusion, two sites in NogoA located within aa 634-668 and aa 1026-1055 are recognised by our two antibodies and are novel and potentially promising targets for repair after central nervous system (CNS) injury.
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[Effects of artificial vegetation on the spatial heterogeneity of soil moisture and salt in coastal saline land of Chongming Dongtan, Shanghai].
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 12-31-2013
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By the methods of classical statistics and geostatistics, this paper studied the spatial heterogeneity of surface soil (0-20 cm layer) moisture and salt contents under three kinds of artificial vegetation in coastal salt land in Chongming Dongtan of Shanghai. The soil moisture content in different plots was in order of Cynodon dactylon > Taxodium distichum > Nerium indicum, and the coefficient of variation was 13.9%, 13.4% and 12.9%, respectively. The soil electric conductivity was in the order of N. indicum > C. dactylon > T. distichum, and the coefficient of variation was 79.2%, 55.4% and 15. 9%, respectively. Both the soil moisture content and the salt content were in moderate variation. The theoretical models of variogram for the soil moisture and salt contents in different plots varied, among which, the soil electric conductivity fitted better, with R2 between 0.97 and 0.99. When the artificial vegetation varied from N. indicum to T. distichum and then to C. dactylon, the spatial heterogeneity of soil moisture content changed from weak to strong, in which, the variability was random under N. indicum. When the vegetation varied from C. dactylon to T. distichum and to N. indicum, the spatial heterogeneity of soil electric conductivity changed from moderate to strong. Under different vegetations, the soil electric conductivity was mostly in positive correlation, whereas the soil moisture content was in negative correlation. The spatial pattern of soil moisture and salt contents under T. distichum was in striped distribution, that under C. dactylon was in large plaque and continuous distribution, whereas under N. indicum, the spatial pattern of soil moisture content was in small breaking plaque distribution, and that of soil salt content was in striped distribution.
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[Research on spatial characteristic of non-point source pollution in Liaohe River basin].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 12-25-2013
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The spatial characteristic of non-point source pollution in the Liaohe River was studied. Coupling the remote sensing data and non-point source(NPS) models, a method of assessing NPS pollution by pixel unit was developed, aiming to analyse the NPS pollution characteristic of Liaohe River basin in 2010, in turn to identify the main polluted areas and prevention measures. The work will provide technical supports for pollution prevention in Liaohe River basin. The results showed that in 2010, the total discharge of total nitrogen (TN) was 1.03 x 10(5) t, the total phosphorus (TP) was 6.8 x 10(3) t, the chemical oxygen demand (COD) was 1.31 x 10(5) t and the ammonia nitrogen (NH+4 -N) was 1. 8 x 10(4) t. The main pollution source of NPS was from agriculture. The contributions of NPS pollution to water quality were 67.4% , 76.4% , 39.4% and 21.9% for TN, TP, COD and NH+4 -N, respectively. The south of Liaohe River basin was the most serious polluted area, followed by the northeast areas. In this research, a method was build to estimate the NPS loads based on remote sensing pixel and the spatial characteristic of non-point source pollution in Liaohe River in 2010 was analysed, which will provide support for pollution prevention in Liaohe River.
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[Study on KIR gene polymorphisms in 416 renal transplantation recipients from southern Zhejiang].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-12-2013
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To investigate polymorphisms of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor gene (KIR) in renal transplant recipients from southern Zhejiang.
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Clinical Observation of Whole Brain Radiotherapy Concomitant with Targeted Therapy for Brain Metastasis in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Patients with Chemotherapy Failure.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 12-03-2013
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Objective: To investigate the clinical effects of whole brain radiotherapy concomitant with targeted therapy for brain metastasis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with chemotherapy failure. Materials and Methods: Of the 157 NSCLC patients with chemotherapy failure followed by brain metastasis admitted in our hospital from January 2009 to August 2012, the combination group (65 cases) were treated with EGFR-TKI combined with whole brain radiotherapy while the radiotherapy group (92 cases) were given whole brain radiotherapy only. Short-term effects were evaluated based on the increased MRI in brain 1 month after whole brain radiotherapy. Intracranial hypertension responses, hematological toxicity reactions and clinical effects of both groups were observed. Results: There were more adverse reactions in the combination group than in radiotherapy group, but no significant differences were observed between the two groups in response rate (RR) and disease control rate (DCR) (P>0.05). Medium progression free survival (PFS), medium overall survival (OS) and 1-year survival rate in combination group were 6.0 months, 10.6 months and 42.3%, while in the radiotherapy group they were 3.4 months, 7.7 months and 28.0%, respectively, which indicated that there were significant differences in PFS and OS between the two groups (P<0.05). Additionally, RPA grading of each factor in the combination group was a risk factor closely related with survival, with medium PFS in EGFR and KRAS mutation patients being 8.2 months and 11.2 months, and OS being 3.6 months and 6.3 months, respectively. Conclusions: Whole brain radiotherapy concomitant with target therapy is favorable for adverse reaction tolerance and clinical effects, being superior in treating brain metastasis in NSCLC patients with chemotherapy failure and thus deserves to be widely applied in the clinic.
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Amorphous V-O-C composite nanofibers electrospun from solution precursors as binder- and conductive additive-free electrodes for supercapacitors with outstanding performance.
Nanoscale
PUBLISHED: 11-02-2013
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Flexible V-O-C composite nanofibers were fabricated from solution precursors via electrospinning and were investigated as free-standing and additive-free film electrodes for supercapacitors. Specifically, composite nanofibers (V0, V5, V10 and V20) with different vanadyl acetylacetonate (VO(acac)2) contents of 0, 5, 10 and 20 wt% with respect to polyacrylonitrile (PAN) were prepared. The composite nanofibers were comparatively studied using XRD, Raman spectroscopy, XPS, N2 adsorption-desorption, FE-SEM, TEM and S-TEM. The vanadium element was found to be well-dispersed in the carbon nanofibers, free from the formation of an aggregated crystalline phase, even in the case of V20. A specific surface area of 587.9 m(2) g(-1) was reached for V10 after calcination, which is approximately twice that of the vanadium-free carbon nanofibers (V0, 300.9 m(2) g(-1)). To perform as an electrode for supercapacitors in an aqueous electrolyte, the V10 film delivered a specific capacitance of 463 F g(-1) at 1 A g(-1). V10 was also able to retain a specific capacitance of 380 F g(-1), even at a current density of 10 A g(-1). Additionally, very stable cycling stability was achieved, maintaining an outstanding specific capacitance of 400 F g(-1) at 5 A g(-1) after charge-discharge cycling 5000 times. Thus, V-O-C composite nanofibers are highly attractive electrode materials for flexible, high-power, thin film energy storage devices and applications.
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Crosstalk between NSL histone acetyltransferase and MLL/SET complexes: NSL complex functions in promoting histone H3K4 di-methylation activity by MLL/SET complexes.
PLoS Genet.
PUBLISHED: 11-01-2013
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hMOF (MYST1), a histone acetyltransferase (HAT), forms at least two distinct multiprotein complexes in human cells. The male specific lethal (MSL) HAT complex plays a key role in dosage compensation in Drosophila and is responsible for histone H4K16ac in vivo. We and others previously described a second hMOF-containing HAT complex, the non-specific lethal (NSL) HAT complex. The NSL complex has a broader substrate specificity, can acetylate H4 on K16, K5, and K8. The WD (tryptophan-aspartate) repeat domain 5 (WDR5) and host cell factor 1 (HCF1) are shared among members of the MLL/SET (mixed-lineage leukemia/set-domain containing) family of histone H3K4 methyltransferase complexes. The presence of these shared subunits raises the possibility that there are functional links between these complexes and the histone modifications they catalyze; however, the degree to which NSL and MLL/SET influence one anothers activities remains unclear. Here, we present evidence from biochemical assays and knockdown/overexpression approaches arguing that the NSL HAT promotes histone H3K4me2 by MLL/SET complexes by an acetylation-dependent mechanism. In genomic experiments, we identified a set of genes including ANKRD2, that are affected by knockdown of both NSL and MLL/SET subunits, suggested they are co-regulated by NSL and MLL/SET complexes. In ChIP assays, we observe that depletion of the NSL subunits hMOF or NSL1 resulted in a significant reduction of both H4K16ac and H3K4me2 in the vicinity of the ANKRD2 transcriptional start site proximal region. However, depletion of RbBP5 (a core component of MLL/SET complexes) only reduced H3K4me2 marks, but not H4K16ac in the same region of ANKRD2, consistent with the idea that NSL acts upstream of MLL/SET to regulate H3K4me2 at certain promoters, suggesting coordination between NSL and MLL/SET complexes is involved in transcriptional regulation of certain genes. Taken together, our results suggest a crosstalk between the NSL and MLL/SET complexes in cells.
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Electronic structure of carbon dioxide under pressure and insights into the molecular-to-nonmolecular transition.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
PUBLISHED: 10-28-2013
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Knowledge of the high-pressure behavior of carbon dioxide (CO2), an important planetary material found in Venus, Earth, and Mars, is vital to the study of the evolution and dynamics of the planetary interiors as well as to the fundamental understanding of the C-O bonding and interaction between the molecules. Recent studies have revealed a number of crystalline polymorphs (CO2-I to -VII) and an amorphous phase under high pressure-temperature conditions. Nevertheless, the reported phase stability field and transition pressures at room temperature are poorly defined, especially for the amorphous phase. Here we shed light on the successive pressure-induced local structural changes and the molecular-to-nonmolecular transition of CO2 at room temperature by performing an in situ study of the local electronic structure using X-ray Raman scattering, aided by first-principle exciton calculations. We show that the transition from CO2-I to CO2-III was initiated at around 7.4 GPa, and completed at about 17 GPa. The present study also shows that at ~37 GPa, molecular CO2 starts to polymerize to an extended structure with fourfold coordinated carbon and minor CO3 and CO-like species. The observed pressure is more than 10 GPa below previously reported. The disappearance of the minority species at 63(± 3) GPa suggests that a previously unknown phase transition within the nonmolecular phase of CO2 has occurred.
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Glycyrrhizinate reduces portal hypertension in isolated perfused rat livers with chronic hepatitis.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 10-10-2013
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To investigate the effects of diammonium glycyrrhizinate (Gly) on portal hypertension (PHT) in isolated portal perfused rat liver (IPPRL) with carbon tetrachloride (CCl?)-induced chronic hepatitis.
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[Prognostic significance of serum anti-Epstein-Barr virus antibodies in nasopharyngeal carcinoma].
Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-19-2013
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This study was aimed to investigate the association between serum against Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibodies levels and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients prognosis.
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Photocatalytical removal of inorganic and organic arsenic species from aqueous solution using zinc oxide semiconductor.
Photochem. Photobiol. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 09-11-2013
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The photocatalytic removal of arsenite [As(III)] and monomethylarsonic acid [MMA(V)] was investigated in the presence of UV light (350 nm) and aqueous suspensions of ZnO synthesized by the sol-gel technique. Photocatalytic removal of these potent arsenic compounds results in the effective and rapid mineralization to less toxic inorganic arsenate [As(V)]. The effect of ZnO loading and solution pH on the treatment efficiency of the UV/ZnO photocatalytic process was evaluated. The optimal conditions for the removal of 5 mg L(-1) [As(III)] and [MMA(V)] aqueous solutions were observed at catalyst loadings of 0.25 and 0.50 g L(-1) with solution pH values of 7 and 8, respectively. Under these conditions, the activity of photocatalyst sol-gel ZnO was compared with TiO2 Degussa P25 and commercial ZnO catalyst. The results demonstrate that the high adsorption capacity of ZnO synthesized by sol-gel gives enhanced removal of arsenic species from water samples, indicating that this catalyst is a promising material for treatment of arsenic contaminated groundwater.
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Metabolic pathways involved in Xin-Ke-Shu protecting against myocardial infarction in rats using ultra high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
J Pharm Biomed Anal
PUBLISHED: 09-07-2013
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Xin-Ke-Shu (XKS) is a patent drug used for coronary heart diseases in China. This study evaluated the protective effect of XKS against isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial infarction (MI). For its underlying mechanism in rats with MI, a metabonomic approach was developed using ultra high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/QTOF-MS). Plasma metabolites were profiled in MI rats, pretreated orally with or without XKS. Two genres of metabolic biomarkers were used to elucidate the pharmacological action of XKS: pathological biomarkers and pharmaco biomarkers. Fifteen metabolites significantly varying between MI rats and normal rats were characterized as potential pathological biomarkers related to MI, including l-acetylcarnitine (1), l-isoleucyl-l-proline (2), tyramine (3), isobutyryl-l-carnitine (4), phytosphingosine (5), sphinganine (6), l-palmitoylcarnitine (7), lysoPC(18:0) (8), uric acid (9), l-tryptophan (10), lysoPC(18:2) (11), lysoPC(16:0) (12), docosahexaenoic acid (13), arachidonic acid (14) and linoleic acid (15). Among them, eight (1-6, 9 and 10) were first reported as pathological biomarkers related to ISO-induced MI, which mainly involved into fatty acid ?-oxidation pathway, sphingolipid metabolism, proteolysis, tryptophan metabolism and purine metabolism. The metabolites significantly varying between MI rats with and without XKS pretreatment were considered as pharmaco biomarkers. A total of 17 pharmaco biomarkers were recognized, including 15 pathological biomarkers (1-15), hexanoylcarnitine (16) and tetradecanoylcarnitine (17). The results suggested that pretreatment of XKS protected metabolic perturbations in rats with MI, major via lipid pathways, amino acid metabolism and purine metabolism, which also provided a promising approach for evaluating the pharmacodynamics and mechanism of traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) formulas.
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Tissue culture of Sophora tonkinensis Gapnep. and its quality evaluation.
Pharmacogn Mag
PUBLISHED: 09-07-2013
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Sophora tonkinensis Gapnep. is an important rare medicinal plant in China. There were only a few papers on the rapid propagation of S. tonkinensis through in vitro tissue culture, and still no report focuses on the quality analysis of in vitro tissue culture plantlets.
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Investigating uptake and translocation of mercury species by Sawgrass ( Cladium jamaicense ) using a stable isotope tracer technique.
Environ. Sci. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2013
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The role of macrophytes in mercury (Hg) cycling in the Florida Everglades ecosystem has not been fully understood. In this study, a stable isotope ((199)Hg(2+)) addition technique was used to trace the methylation, uptake, and translocation of Hg by sawgrass ( Cladium jamaicense ) and quantitatively evaluate the contribution of atmospheric and soil Hg to Hg in sawgrass leaves and below-ground biomass. The results showed that spiked (199)Hg(2+) could be rapidly methylated to monomethylmercury (Me(199)Hg) in the soil of the sawgrass pots. Only small portions of total Hg (THg) and monomethylmercury (MeHg) in the soil could be taken up by sawgrass, indicated by the ratios of T(199)Hg and Me(199)Hg (tracer) concentrations in the sawgrass below-ground biomass (BGBM) over that in the soil (6.50 ± 1.9% and 12.8 ± 3.6% for THg and MeHg, respectively). Concentrations of T(199)Hg (tracer) and Me(199)Hg (tracer) in sawgrass leaves only accounted for 5.50 ± 2.8% and 15.6 ± 4.0%, respectively, of that in the BGBM, implying that the fractions of mercury species transported upward by sawgrass were also small. Statistical analysis (t test) showed that sawgrass preferred MeHg over THg in both uptake and upward translocation. The majority (>90%) of THg in sawgrass leaves were estimated to be obtained from atmospheric Hg, rather than from soil, suggesting that assimilation of atmospheric Hg could increase the overall Hg stock in the Florida Everglades ecosystem. The finding about foliar uptake of Hg is especially important for a better understanding of mercury cycling in the Everglades, given the large amount of sawgrass biomass in this ecosystem.
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The neuroprotective effect of modified "Shengyu" decoction is mediated through an anti-inflammatory mechanism in the rat after traumatic brain injury.
J Ethnopharmacol
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2013
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"Shengyu" decoction, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been used to treat diseases with deficit in "qi" and "blood" induced frequently by profound loss of blood or by long sores with heavy pus, in which a potential anti-inflammatory effect is implied. The modified "Shengyu" decoction (MSD) used in the present study was designed on the basis of the "Shengyu" decoction, additional four herbs were added in. Many ingredients in these herbs have been demonstrated to be anti-inflammatory and thus MSD may be used for the treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI). To evaluate the neuroprotective effect and the underlying mechanisms of MSD on the rat brain after TBI.
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[Establishment of a real-time PCR assay for simultaneously detecting human BKV and CMV DNA and its application in renal transplantation recipients].
Bing Du Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 07-31-2013
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To establish a fluorescent quantitative PCR method (FQ-PCR) with TaqMan probe for simultaneous detection of polyomavirus (BKV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) and to evaluate its clinical application in the renal transplantation recipients. The conservative sequences of BKV and CMV were targeted and amplified by nested PCR technique. The PCR products were cloned into the plasmids pcDNA3. 1(+). The recombinant plasmid containing target sequences of BKV and CMV were constructed as external standards. The TaqMan-based assay was optimized. For evaluating the assay, the sensitivity was determinated by diluted standard (5 X 103-10icopies/mL), and the specificity was verified by negative control and positive control, and the precision was assessed by intra-assay coefficient of variation (ICV) through detecting standard repeatedly (20 times). A total of 480 blood samples of renal transplantation recipients were used to detect BKV and CMV DNA simultaneously with FQ-PCR, and the concentrations of FK506 were measured by ELISA. The association of DNA copy and concentrations of FK506 was analyzed. The cloned target BKV and CMV DNA was confirmed by sequencing and analysis. The sensitivity of the FQ-PCR assay reached 5 X 103 copies/ml in detecting BKV or CMV DNA. Control DNA verified the assay specifically detecting target DNA. The precision of the assay to quantif target DNA copies was acceptable (Intra-assay CV was 3.44% for BKV and 2.23% for CMV; Inter-assay CV was 4. 98% for BKV and 3.76% for CMV;). Of 480 samples, 130 samples (27. 08%) were CMV DNA positive, significantly higher than the BKV DNA positive (13.33%, 64/480, P<0.05). The positive BKV or CMV DNA was found to be associated with high concentrations of FK506 (P<0. 05). In conclusion, the developed real-time PCR assay for detecting both CMV and BKV DNA simultaneously was s high sensitive, precise and time-effectiveand could be applied in the monitoring of the CMV and BKV infection in the renal transplantation recipients.
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Suppression of Wnt signaling by the miR-29 family is mediated by demethylation of WIF-1 in non-small-cell lung cancer.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
PUBLISHED: 07-29-2013
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Wnt inhibitory factor-1 (WIF-1) silencing induced by promoter hypermethylation is a common mechanism of aberrant activation of the Wnt signaling pathway in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the activity of regulators associated with the methylation of the WIF-1 gene remains unclear. Here, we investigated the role of three DNA methyltransferases (DNMT1, DNMT3A and DNMT3B) in the expression of WIF-1. The three DNMTs were up-regulated in NSCLC tumor tissues and suppression of DNMT3A and DNMT3B restored the expression of WIF-1 in NSCLC cells. The miR-29 family (miR-29a, -29b, and -29c), which negatively regulates DNMT3A and DNMT3B, was examined in association with the Wnt/?-catenin signaling pathway. A positive correlation between the expression of WIF-1 and that of MiR-29s was observed in NSCLC tissues. Methylation-specific PCR and Western blotting indicated that miR-29s positively regulate WIF-1 expression by inhibiting the methylation of its promoter. Furthermore, miR-29 overexpression downregulated ?-catenin expression, inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis. The expression of miR-29a and miR-29b was partially regulated by DNMT3A and DNMT3B in a positive feedback loop. Taken together, our findings show that miR-29s suppress the Wnt signaling pathway through demethylation of WIF-1 in NSCLC.
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Differential BCCIP gene expression in primary human ovarian cancer, renal cell carcinoma and colorectal cancer tissues.
Int. J. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 07-26-2013
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Human BCCIP, a protein which interacts with BRCA2 and CDKN1A (Cip1, p21), has been implicated in many cellular processes including cell cycle regulation, DNA recombination and damage repair, telomere maintenance, embryonic development and genomic stability. BCCIP gene expression, which is an important BRCA2 cofactor in tumor suppression, has been identified in some primary cancers. Thus, we investigated the role of BCCIP expression in a large sample of clinically diagnosed primary ovarian cancer, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues. Using clinically diagnosed frozen primary cancer tissues, quantitative PCR (qPCR), western blot analysis (WB) and immunohistochemical staining (IHC) approaches were used to detect and measure gene expression. Reduced BCCIP gene expression in ovarian cancer, RCC and CRC tissues occurred in 74, 89 and 75% of tissue samples, respectively. qPCR analysis of mRNA expression in 54 ovarian cancer, 50 RCC and 44 CRC samples revealed significant (>2-fold decreased) BCCIP downregulation in 56, 70 and 46% of tissue samples, respectively. Although BCCIP expression in three different tumor tissues decreased, the relationship between BCCIP expression and clinicopathological features of each cancer was distinct. Compared to normal tissues, BCCIP expression in ovarian cancers was significantly downregulated in serous, endometrioid and mucinous carcinomas. Downregulation of BCCIP expression was strongly associated with clear cell RCC (ccRCC) and Fuhrman tumor grading, but significant differences in BCCIP expression between CRC and matched normal tissues occurred only in male CRC tissues (p<0.05) and in tissue with a T4 tumor stage (p<0.01). Thus, BCCIP protein was chiefly reduced in ovarian cancer and RCC tissue samples (p<0.05). BCCIP gene expression was downregulated in human ovarian cancer, RCC and CRC tissues, suggesting a role for the gene in the pathogenesis of these cancers.
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Ribosomal RNA gene transcription mediated by the master genome regulator protein CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) is negatively regulated by the condensin complex.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 07-24-2013
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CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) is a ubiquitously expressed "master weaver" and plays multiple functions in the genome, including transcriptional activation/repression, chromatin insulation, imprinting, X chromosome inactivation, and high-order chromatin organization. It has been shown that CTCF facilitates the recruitment of the upstream binding factor onto ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and regulates the local epigenetic state of rDNA repeats. However, the mechanism by which CTCF modulates rRNA gene transcription has not been well understood. Here we found that wild-type CTCF augments the pre-rRNA level, cell size, and cell growth in cervical cancer cells. In contrast, RNA interference-mediated knockdown of CTCF reduced pre-rRNA transcription. CTCF positively regulates rRNA gene transcription in a RNA polymerase I-dependent manner. We identified an RRGR motif as a putative nucleolar localization sequence in the C-terminal region of CTCF that is required for activating rRNA gene transcription. Using mass spectrometry, we identified SMC2 and SMC4, two subunits of condensin complexes that interact with CTCF. Condensin negatively regulates CTCF-mediated rRNA gene transcription. Knockdown of SMC2 expression significantly facilitates the loading of CTCF and the upstream binding factor onto the rDNA locus and increases histone acetylation across the rDNA locus. Taken together, our study suggests that condensin competes with CTCF in binding to a specific rDNA locus and negatively regulates CTCF-mediated rRNA gene transcription.
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[Clinical observation of accelerated partial-breast intensity-modulated radiotherapy in patients with early-stage breast cancer after breast-conserving surgery].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-19-2013
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To explore the clinical feasibility of accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) by intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT).
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[Relationship between HLA-A, B alleles and red blood cell parameters of patients with --(SEA/??) subtype of ?(0)-thalassemia of Han ethnic population of Wuzhou city].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2013
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This study was purposed to investigate the relationship between HLA-A, B allele polymorphisms and red blood cell parameters of patients with --(SEA/??) subtype of ?(0)-thalassemia in Han ethnic population of Wuzhou city. The HLA genetic polymorphisms were determined by polymerase chain reaction-sequence-based typing (PCR-SBT) in 57 patients with --(SEA/??) subtype of ?(0)-thalassemia of Han ethnic population in Wuzhou city, Guangxi province, China. Mean corpuscular volume (MCV), hemoglobin (Hb), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) were detected by automatic blood analyzer system. HbA2 were detected by electrophoretic method. The statistical analysis was performed by ordinal polytomous logistic regression. The results showed that Hb and HbA2 levels were significantly lower in patients positive for HLA-A*33:03, B*15:01 or B*55:02, and were significantly higher in patients positive for B*15:02 (P < 0.05). It is concluded that several HLA alleles may be associated with Hb level of --(SEA/??) subtype of ?(0)-thalassemia of Han ethnic population in Wuzhou city. This result has the value for understanding phenotype-genotype relationships in thalassemia.
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X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 codon 399 polymorphism and lung cancer risk: an updated meta-analysis.
Tumour Biol.
PUBLISHED: 06-16-2013
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Many epidemiologic studies have investigated the association between x-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 gene (XRCC1) codon 399 polymorphism and lung cancer risk, but the results were inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis of 46 studies on XRCC1 codon 399 polymorphism and lung cancer risk published before June 2013. In general population, the M allele and MM genotype were associated with increased risk of lung cancer compared with C allele and CC genotype, and the ORs were 1.06 (95 % CI 1.01-1.12) and 1.19 (95 % CI 1.05-1.34), respectively. When it was stratified according to Asian population, the association between XRCC1 codon 399 polymorphism and lung cancer risk was further strengthened. The ORs of comparison between M vs. C, MM vs. CC, and MM vs. CM?+?CC were 1.14 (95 % CI 1.03-1.26), 1.41 (95 % CI 1.11-1.78), and 1.38 (95 % CI 1.12-1.71), respectively. The association between codon 399 polymorphism and lung cancer risk in nonsmoking Chinese women was stronger than any other subgroups. However, no associations were found in the Caucasian and African population. This meta-analysis has demonstrated that codon 399 polymorphism of XRCC1 gene might contribute to individuals susceptibility to lung cancer in Asian population, and especially in nonsmoking Chinese women. Future studies focused on interactions between combined genes and environmental risk factors are warranted.
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Sexual and reproductive health among unmarried rural-urban female migrants in Shanghai China: a comparative analysis.
Int J Environ Res Public Health
PUBLISHED: 05-24-2013
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We compared sexual and reproductive health (SRH)-related knowledge, attitude and behavior among unmarried rural-urban female migrants in Shanghai coming from different regions of China. A total of 944 unmarried rural-urban female migrants were recruited from three districts of Shanghai. We used an interviewer-administered structured questionnaire to collect information from each participant and a multivariate logistic regression to examine the association between premarital sex and risk factors. We found the rates of premarital sex, pregnancy and abortion among unmarried rural-urban female migrants were 28.2%, 5.2% and 5.0%, respectively. Participants from the east of China were more likely to engage in premarital sex than those from the mid-west (p < 0.001). The analysis showed premarital sex was associated with age, hometown, education, current residential type, knowledge of sexual physiology and safe sex, attitude to SRH and safe sex, and permissive attitude to sex. Unmarried rural-urban female migrants lack SRH related knowledge and the data suggests high levels of occurrence of premarital sex. The results indicate that programs to promote safe sex, especially to those migrants coming from eastern China, should be a priority.
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Predictors of consistent condom use based on the Information-Motivation-Behavior Skill (IMB) model among senior high school students in three coastal cities in China.
BMC Infect. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 05-23-2013
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High prevalence of risky sexual behaviors and lack of information, skills and preventive support mean that, adolescents face high risks of HIV/AIDS. This study applied the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model to examine the predictors of consistent condom use among senior high school students from three coastal cities in China and clarify the relationships between the model constructs.
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Meta-analysis of the association of glutathione S-transferase T1 null/presence gene polymorphism with the risk of gastric carcinoma.
Mol. Biol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2013
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A possible association of glutathione S-transferase T1 (GSTT1) null/presence gene polymorphism and an increased risk of developing gastric carcinoma is still unclear and hotly debated. This investigation was performed to assess the association of the GSTT1 null/presence gene polymorphism with the risk of gastric carcinoma via a meta-analysis to increase sample size and statistical significance. PubMed, Cochrane Library and CBM-disc (China Biological Medicine Database) were searched on March 1, 2013, association reports were identified, and eligible studies were recruited and synthesized. Fifty-two reports were found to be suitable for this meta-analysis for the association of the GSTT1 null genotype with gastric carcinoma risk. The results showed that there was a significantly increased gastric carcinoma risk when the GSTT1 null genotype was present in the overall population (OR 1.21, 95 % CI 1.11-1.32, P < 0.0001), Caucasians (OR 1.25, 95 % CI 1.05-1.48, P = 0.01), East-Asians (OR 1.18, 95 % CI 1.06-1.31, P = 0.003), and Chinese (OR 1.24, 95 % CI 1.07-1.44, P = 0.005). However, no statistically relevant association could be established for the Indian ethnic group (OR 1.33, 95 % CI 0.94-1.90, P = 0.11). In conclusion, the GSTT1 null genotype is associated with an increased gastric carcinoma risk in the overall population, Caucasians, East-Asians, and Chinese.
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Evaluation of Bladder Clots Using a Nonsurgical Treatment.
Urology
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2013
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To introduce a novel method to successfully evacuate severe clot retention in the bladder.
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Value of helical computed tomography in the early diagnosis of esophageal foreign bodies in adults.
Am J Emerg Med
PUBLISHED: 05-06-2013
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To investigate the relationship between early use of computed tomography (CT) and complications associated with esophageal foreign body impaction in adults.
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Predictive value of phosphorylated axonal neurofilament subunit H for clinical outcome in patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage.
Clin. Chim. Acta
PUBLISHED: 05-04-2013
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Phosphorylated axonal neurofilament subunit H (pNF-H) is a biomarker of axonal injury. We investigated whether plasma pNF-H concentrations were associated with 6-month clinical outcomes and early neurological deterioration (END) of patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage.
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Effects of Lung Support Formula on respiratory symptoms among older adults: results of a three-month follow-up study in Shanghai, China.
Nutr J
PUBLISHED: 05-03-2013
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With the acceleration of industrialization in low or middle-income nations, the prevalence of respiratory symptoms among older adults is even more significant now in China. Contemporary treatments using Western medicine, such as anti-inflammatory regimens, may be effective in relieving the symptoms, but may have unexpected side effects. Some natural products may be effective in improving respiratory functions, yet their efficacies remain to be examined in randomized, placebo-controlled studies. To evaluate the effects of Lung Support Formula, a nutritional supplement which contains naturally derived Chinese herbal medicines, we conducted a clinical study among older adults in Shanghai, China.
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Expression of the Pokemon Proto-oncogene in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Cell Lines and Tissues.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2013
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To study the differentiated expression of the proto-oncogene Pokemon in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cell lines and tissues, mRNA and protein expression levels of CNE1, CNE2, CNE3 and C666-1 were detected separately by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), real-time PCR and Western-blotting. The immortalized nasopharyngeal epithelial cell line NP69 was used as a control. The Pokemon protein expression level in biopsy specimens from chronic rhinitis patients and undifferentiated non keratinizing NPC patients was determined by Western-blotting and arranged from high to low: C666-1>CNE1>CNE2> CNE3>NP69. The Pokemon mRNA expression level was also arranged from high to low: CNE1>CNE2>NP69>C666-1>CNE3. Pokemon expression of NP69 and C666-1 obviously varied from mRNA to protein. The Pokemon protein level of NPC biopsy specimens was obviously higher than in chronic rhinitis. The data suggest that high Pokemon protein expression is closely associated with undifferentiated non-keratinizing NPC and may provide useful information for NPC molecular target therapy.
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Clinical Observation and Prognostic Analysis of Pemetrexed plus Platinum as First-line Treatment in Patients with Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2013
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Objective: To determine clinical efficacy, safety and prognostic factors of pemetrexed plus platinum as first- line treatment in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Materials and Methods: Clinical characteristics, short-term efficacy, survival and adverse reactions of 47 advanced non-squamous NSCLC patients who had received pemetrexed plus platinum as first-line treatment in Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital from January 2009 to June 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. The Chi-squared test was applied to statistically analyze the overall response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR) and toxicity reactions in both groups, while survival data wereanalyzed by Kaplan-Meier and logrank methods, and the COX proportional hazards model was adopted for a series of multi-factor analyses. Results: Only two patients were lost to follow-up. The ORR, DCR, medium progression-free survival time (PFS) and medium overall survival (OS) were 31.9%, 74.5%, 5 months and 15.2 months, while 1- and 2-year survival rates were 63.8% (30/47) and 19.2% (9/47), respectively. Single-factor analysis showed that tumor pathological patterns and efficacy were in association with medium PFS (P<0.05), whereas tumor pathological patterns, smoking history and efficacy were closely connected with medium OS (P<0.05). Multi-factor analyses demonstrated that pathological patterns and efficacy were independent factors influencing OS (P<0.05). The rate of toxicity reactions in degree III/IV was low, including hematologic toxicity marked by decline in white blood cell count and decrease in the platelet count (PLT), and non-hematologic toxicity manifested by gastrointestinal reactions, such as nausea and vomiting. Conclusions: Pemetrexed plus platinum as first-line treatment has excellent efficacy and slight adverse reactions with favorable drug-tolerance in patients with advanced non-squamous NSCLC.
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Substance use, risky sexual behaviors, and their associations in a Chinese sample of senior high school students.
BMC Public Health
PUBLISHED: 03-25-2013
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Given the higher prevalence of risky sexual behaviors and substance use, adolescents and youths are at risk for HIV. Despite its importance, however, to the best of our knowledge, there are only a few researches on risky behaviors in Chinese adolescents/youths. The present study aimed to describe the prevalence of sexual and substance use behaviors among a Chinese sample of senior high school students. And more specifically, the associations of socio-demographic factors and substance use with risky sexual behaviors were examined in the sample.
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Benefits and challenges of electronic health record system on stakeholders: a qualitative study of outpatient physicians.
J Med Syst
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2013
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Electronic health record system (EHRS) is an important healthcare innovation associated with many controversies about the benefits and challenges to different stakeholders. The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of EHRS by outpatient physicians in Macao and to identify, in their opinions, the significance of EHRS on health institutes, patients, and physicians. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 32 physicians who worked in the outpatient department. The interview data showed that 78 % physicians interviewed used EHRS frequently during their daily practice despite individual preferences of documentation methods. They agreed that systemic health record offered by EHRS allowing smooth communication was beneficial to the health institutes, patients and physicians. However, privacy and confidentiality concerned both the health institutes and patients. Inefficiency of the EHRS that only allowed retrieval of limited medical information of the patients hindered physicians acceptability of EHRS. It was also suggested that the health institutes should take into consideration interests of different stakeholders when designing and implementing EHRS.
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Detecting orbital angular momentum through division-of-amplitude interference with a circular plasmonic lens.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2013
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We demonstrate a novel detection scheme for the orbital angular momentum (OAM) of light using circular plasmonic lens. Owing to a division-of-amplitude interference phenomenon between the surface plasmon waves and directly transmitted light, specific intensity distributions are formed near the plasmonic lens surface under different OAM excitations. Due to different phase behaviors of the evanescent surface plasmon wave and the direct transmission, interference patterns rotate as the observation plane moves away from the lens surface. The rotation direction is a direct measure of the sign of OAM, while the amount of rotation is linked to the absolute value of the OAM. This OAM detection scheme is validated experimentally and numerically. Analytical expressions are derived to provide insights and explanations of this detection scheme. This work forms the basis for the realization of a compact and integrated OAM detection architect that may significantly benefit optical information processing with OAM states.
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Recombinant adenovirus-p53 (Gendicine) sensitizes a pancreatic carcinoma cell line to radiation.
Chin. J. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2013
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In this study, we examine the effects of recombinant adenovirus-p53 (rAd-p53) on the pancreatic carcinoma cell line SW1990. Specifically, we determine if expression of rAd-p53 sensitizes these cells to radiation.
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A potential diagnostic marker for ovarian cancer: Involvement of the histone acetyltransferase, human males absent on the first.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2013
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Human males absent on the first (hMOF), a human ortholog of the Drosophila MOF protein, is responsible for histone H4 lysine 16 (H4K16) acetylation in human cells. The depletion of hMOF leads to a global reduction in histone H4K16 acetylation in human cells, genomic instability, cell cycle defects, reduced transcription of certain genes, defective DNA damage repair and early embryonic lethality. Studies have shown that abnormal hMOF gene expression is involved in a number of primary cancers. The present study examined the involvement of hMOF expression and histone H4K16 acetylation in clinically diagnosed primary ovarian cancer tissues. Clinically diagnosed frozen primary ovarian cancer tissues were used for polymerase chain reaction (PCR), quantitative PCR (qPCR), western blotting and immunohistochemical staining approaches. A PCR analysis of mRNA expression in 47 samples revealed a downregulation of hMOF mRNA in 81% of patients, whereas only 13% of patients demonstrated upregulation. qPCR was used to validate the frequent downregulation of hMOF expression in the primary ovarian cancer tissues. As expected, the analysis of hMOF expression in 57 samples revealed that hMOF mRNA expression was significantly downregulated (>2-fold decrease) in 65% of patients, while a <2-fold reduction of hMOF was observed in 10.5% of patients. Furthermore, the expression of hMOF-regulated human leukocyte antigen (HLA) complex 5, (HCP5), was also found to be downregulated in >87% of patients with a decrease in hMOF. hMOF and its regulated gene, HCP5, are frequently downregulated in human ovarian cancer, suggesting that hMOF may be involved in the pathogenesis of the disease.
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High-quality quartz single crystals for high-energy-resolution inelastic X-ray scattering analyzers.
J Appl Crystallogr
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2013
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Spherical analyzers are well known instruments for inelastic X-ray scattering (IXS) experiments. High-resolution IXS experiments almost always use Si single crystals as monochromators and spherical analyzers. At higher energies (>20?keV) Si shows a high energy resolution (<10?meV), at an exact symmetric back-diffraction condition, since the energy resolution is given by the real part of the susceptibility or polarizability. However, at low energies (<10?keV), high energy resolution is difficult to achieve with Si. ?-SiO2 (quartz) can be an option, since it offers high energy resolution at low energies. In this work, the characterization of high-quality ?-SiO2 is presented. Such characterization is made by high-resolution rocking curve, topography and lattice parameter mapping in different samples from a single block. X-ray optics with ?-SiO2 for IXS at lower energies (from 2.5 to 12.6 keV) with medium to high energy resolution (from 90 to 11 meV) are proposed and theoretically exploited.
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Quantitative mouse renal perfusion using arterial spin labeling.
NMR Biomed
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2013
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Information on renal perfusion is essential for the diagnosis and prognosis of kidney function. Quantification using gadolinium chelates is limited as a result of filtration through renal glomeruli and safety concerns in patients with kidney dysfunction. Arterial spin labeling MRI is a noninvasive technique for perfusion quantification that has been applied to humans and animals. However, because of the low sensitivity and vulnerability to motion and susceptibility artifacts, its application to mice has been challenging. In this article, mouse renal perfusion was studied using flow-sensitive alternating inversion recovery at 7?T. Good perfusion image quality was obtained with spin-echo echo-planar imaging after controlling for respiratory, susceptibility and fat artifacts by triggering, high-order shimming and water excitation, respectively. High perfusion was obtained in the renal cortex relative to the medulla, and signal was absent in scans carried out post mortem. Cortical perfusion increased from 397?±?36 (mean?±?standard deviation) to 476?±?73?mL/100?g/min after switching from 100% oxygen to carbogen with 95% oxygen and 5% carbon dioxide. The perfusion in the medulla was 2.5 times lower than that in the cortex and changed from 166?±?41?mL/100?g/min under oxygen to 203?±?40?mL/100?g/min under carbogen. T1 decreased in both the cortex (from 1570?±?164 to 1377?±?72?ms, p?
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Epigenetic change in kidney tumor: downregulation of histone acetyltransferase MYST1 in human renal cell carcinoma.
J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 02-02-2013
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MYST1 (also known as hMOF), a member of the MYST family of histone acetyltransferases (HATs) as an epigenetic mark of active genes, is mainly responsible for histone H4K16 acetylation in the cells. Recent studies have shown that the abnormal gene expression of hMOF is involved in certain primary cancers. Here we examined the involvement of hMOF expression and histone H4K16 acetylation in primary renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Simultaneously, we investigated the correlation between the expression of hMOF and clear cell RCC (ccRCC) biomarker carbohydrase IX (CA9) in RCC.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.