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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Fine mapping of the qLOP2 and qPSR2-1 loci associated with chilling stress tolerance of wild rice seedlings.
Theor. Appl. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 10-21-2014
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Using leaf osmotic potential and plant survival rate as chilling-tolerant trait indices, we identified two major quantitative trait loci qLOP2 and qPSR2 - 1 (39.3-kb region) and Os02g0677300 as the cold-inducible gene for these loci. Chilling stress tolerance (CST) at the seedling stage is an important trait affecting rice production in temperate climate and high-altitude areas. To identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with CST, a mapping population consisting of 151 BC2F1 plants was constructed by using chilling-tolerant Dongxiang wild rice (Oryza rufipogon Griff.) as a donor parent and chilling-sensitive indica as a recurrent parent. With leaf osmotic potential (LOP) and plant survival rate (PSR) as chilling-tolerant trait indexes, two major QTLs, qLOP2 (LOD = 3.8) and qPSR2-1 (LOD = 3.3), were detected on the long arm of chromosome 2 by composite interval mapping method in QTL Cartographer software, which explained 10.1 and 12.3 % of the phenotypic variation, respectively. In R/QTL analyzed result, their major effects were also confirmed. Using molecular marker RM318 and RM106, qLOP2 and qPSR2-1 have been introgressed into chilling-sensitive varieties (93-11 and Yuefeng) by marker-assisted selection procedure (MAS), which resulted in 16 BC5F3 BILs that chilling tolerance have significantly enhanced compare with wild-type parents (P < 0.01). Therefore, two large segregating populations of 11,326 BC4F2 and 8,642 BC4F3 were developed to fine mapping of qLOP2 and qPSR2-1. Lastly, they were dissected to a 39.3-kb candidate region between marker RM221 and RS8. Expression and sequence analysis results indicated that Os02g0677300 was a cold-inducible gene for these loci. Our study provides novel alleles for improving rice CST by MAS and contributes to the understanding of its molecular mechanisms.
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Stuttering candidate genes DRD2 but not SLC6A3 is associated with developmental dyslexia in Chinese population.
Behav Brain Funct
PUBLISHED: 09-01-2014
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Dyslexia is a polygenic developmental disorder characterized by difficulties in reading and spelling despite normal intelligence, educational backgrounds and perception. Increasing evidences indicated that dyslexia may share similar genetic mechanisms with other speech and language disorders. We proposed that stuttering candidate genes, DRD2 and SLC6A3, might be associated with dyslexia.
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Genome-wide association study identifies variants in PMS1 associated with serum ferritin in a Chinese population.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2014
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Only a small proportion of genetic variation in serum ferritin has been explained by variant genetic studies, and genome-wide association study (GWAS) for serum ferritin has not been investigated widely in Chinese population. We aimed at exploring the novel genetic susceptibility to serum ferritin, and performed this two stage GWAS in a healthy Chinese population of 3,495 men aged 20-69 y, including 1,999 unrelated subjects in the first stage and 1,496 independent individuals in the second stage. Serum ferritin was measured with electrochemiluminescence immunoassay, and DNA samples were collected for genotyping. A total of 1,940,243 SNPs were tested by using multivariate linear regression analysis. After adjusting for population stratification, age and BMI, the rs5742933 located in the 5'UTR region of PMS1 gene on chromosome 2 was the most significantly associated with ferritin concentrations (P-combined? =?2.329×10(-10)) (? ?= ?-0.11, 95% CI: -0.14, -0.07). Moreover, this marker was about 200 kb away from the candidate gene SLC40A1 which is responsible for iron export. PMS1 gene was the novel genetic susceptibility to serum ferritin in Chinese males and its relation to SLC40A1 needs further study.
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Sonography for diagnosis of benign and malignant tumors of the nose and paranasal sinuses.
J Ultrasound Med
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2014
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The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the reliability of sonography for diagnosis of nose and paranasal sinus tumors.
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Ligustilide inhibits microglia-mediated proinflammatory cytokines production and inflammatory pain.
Brain Res. Bull.
PUBLISHED: 08-23-2014
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Ligustilide is the main component of Danggui essential oil, and recently reported to have anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effect. Increasing evidence suggests that glia-mediated neuroinflammation in the spinal cord plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of chronic pain. In the present study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effect of ligustilide both in vitro and in vivo. In microglial cell line BV2 cells, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) time-dependently increased the mRNA expression of proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-?, IL-1?, and IL-6), which was decreased by pretreatment with ligustilide in a dose-dependent manner. Ligustilide also decreased LPS-induced proinflammatory cytokines production in primary cultured microglia. In vivo, intrathecal injection of LPS induced mechanical allodynia in mice. Intravenous injection of ligustilide prevented LPS-induced mechanical allodynia, and decreased LPS-induced TNF-?, IL-1?, and IL-6 up-regulation in the spinal cord. In addition, repetitive intravenous injection of ligustilide attenuated intraplantar injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia. The same treatment of ligustilide also inhibited CFA-induced TNF-?, IL-1?, and IL-6 up-regulation and microglial activation in the spinal cord. Taken together, our data suggest that ligustilide can alleviate inflammatory pain partly through inhibition of microglial activation and proinflammatory cytokines production, which indicates a possible benefit from the use of ligustilide in the treatment of inflammatory pain and neuroinflammation-associated disorders.
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Reference interval for osteocalcin in Chinese Han ethnic males from the Fangchenggang Area Male Health and Examination Survey.
Clin. Lab.
PUBLISHED: 08-20-2014
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The aim of this study was to set a reference interval (RI) for osteocalcin (OC) in a healthy Han male population from the Fangchenggang Area Male Health and Examination Survey (FAMHES) project and study the effects of age, BMI, smoking, and alcohol consumption.
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Establishing reference values for blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine in Chinese Han ethnic adult men.
Clin. Lab.
PUBLISHED: 08-20-2014
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The aim was to calculate the two-sided 95th percentile reference values for blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (SCr) in Chinese Han ethnic adult men.
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Treadmill exercise promotes angiogenesis in the ischemic penumbra of rat brains through caveolin-1/VEGF signaling pathways.
Brain Res.
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2014
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of caveolin-1 in treadmill-exercise-induced angiogenesis in the ischemic penumbra of rat brains, and whether caveolin-1 changes correlated with reduced brain injury induced by treadmill exercise, in rats after cerebral ischemia. Rats were randomized into five groups: sham-operated (S, n=7), model (M, n=36), exercise and model (EM, n=36), inhibitor and model (IM, n=36), and inhibitor, exercise, and model (IEM, n=36). Rats in the model groups underwent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Rats in the inhibitor groups received an IP injection of the caveolin-1 inhibitor, daidzein (0.4mg/kg), every 24h following reperfusion. Rats were killed at 7 or 28 days after the operation. The exercise group showed better neurological recovery and smaller infarction volumes compared with the non-exercise group. Correspondingly, significant increases of caveolin-1 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein expression were observed compared with the non-exercise group. Additionally, the number of Flk-1/CD34 double-positive cells towards the ischemic penumbra was increased in the exercise group. Furthermore, the induction of VEGF protein, microvessel density, decrease of infarct volumes and neurological recovery was significantly inhibited by daidzein. This study indicates that treadmill exercise reduces brain injury in stroke. Our findings suggest that the caveolin-1 pathway is involved in the regulation of VEGF in association with promoted angiogenesis in the ischemic penumbra of rat brains after treadmill exercise. The caveolin-1/VEGF signaling pathway may be a potential target for therapeutic intervention in rats following MCAO.
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Identification of microRNAs as novel biomarkers for detecting esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in Asians: a meta-analysis.
Tumour Biol.
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2014
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Accumulating evidence has suggested that microRNAs (miRNAs) may play potential role as ideal diagnostic indicators of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, previous studies have met discrepant results. Thus, we conducted this meta-analysis to assess the potential diagnostic value of miRNAs for ESCC. A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed and other databases. The pooled sensitivity (SEN), specificity (SPE), positive likelihood ratio (PLR), negative likelihood ratio (NLR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and area under the curve (AUC) were calculated to evaluate the overall test performance. The Q statistic and the I (2) test were used to assess between-study heterogeneity. The potential sources of heterogeneity were further analyzed by subgroup analyses and meta-regression. Seventeen studies from eight articles, including 995 ESCC patients and 733 healthy controls, were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled SEN and SPE were 0.81 (95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.76-0.85) and 0.83 (95 % CI 0.76-0.88), respectively. The pooled PLR was 4.6 (95 % CI 3.3-6.5), NLR was 0.23 (95 % CI 0.19-0.29), and DOR was 20 (95 % CI 13-31). The pooled AUC was 0.91 (95 % CI 0.88-0.93). Subgroup analyses indicated that blood-based miRNA assay displays better diagnostic accuracy than saliva-based miRNA assay. In summary, miRNA analysis may serve as novel noninvasive biomarkers for ESCC with excellent diagnostic characteristic. In addition, subgroup analysis suggested that blood-based assay yields better diagnostic characteristics than saliva-based assay. However, many issues should be managed before these findings can be translated into a clinically useful detection method for ESCC.
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Plasmacytoid dendritic cells mediate synergistic effects of HIV and lipopolysaccharide on CD27+ IgD- memory B cell apoptosis.
J. Virol.
PUBLISHED: 07-23-2014
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The effects of heightened microbial translocation on B cells during HIV infection are unknown. We examined the in vitro effects of HIV and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on apoptosis of CD27+ IgD- memory B (mB) cells from healthy controls. In vivo analysis was conducted on a cohort of 82 HIV+ donors and 60 healthy controls. In vitro exposure of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) to LPS and HIV led to mB cell death via the Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) pathway. Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) produced FasL in response to HIV via binding to CD4 and chemokine coreceptors. HIV and LPS increased Fas expression on mB cells in PBMCs, which was dependent on the presence of pDCs and monocytes. Furthermore, mB cells purified from PBMCs and pretreated with both HIV and LPS were more sensitive to apoptosis when cocultured with HIV-treated pDCs. Blocking the interferon receptor (IFNR) prevented HIV-stimulated FasL production in pDCs, HIV-plus-LPS-induced Fas expression, and apoptosis of mB cells. In vivo or ex vivo, HIV+ donors have higher levels of plasma LPS, Fas expression on mB cells, and mB cell apoptosis than controls. Correspondingly, in HIV+ donors, but not in controls, a positive correlation was found between plasma FasL and HIV RNA levels and between Fas expression on mB cells and plasma LPS levels. This work reveals a novel mechanism of mB cell apoptosis mediated by LPS and HIV through the Fas/FasL pathway, with key involvement of pDCs and type I IFN, suggesting a role for microbial translocation in HIV pathogenesis.
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Lower expression of Nrdp1 in human glioma contributes tumor progression by reducing apoptosis.
IUBMB Life
PUBLISHED: 07-14-2014
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Ubiquitin ligase Nrdp1 (neuregulin receptor degradation protein 1) plays important roles in multiple physiological process because it can ubiquitinate various substrates such as ErbB3, BRUCE, MyD88, C/EBP?, and Parkin, and so forth. In addition to the physiological function, it was also found to be involved in tumor progression. It has been shown that loss of Nrdp1 enhances breast cancer cell growth. Up to now, the role of Nrdp1 in glioma has not been elucidated. Here, we reported that Nrdp1 as well as cleaved caspase 3 was lower expressed in human glioma tissues comparing with the nontumorous. And then we found that the expression of Nrdp1 and cleaved caspase 3 was increased in the treatment of Temozolomide (TMZ), a drug for glioma chemotherapy. Further investigation indicated that transient transfection of Nrdp1 significantly promoted cell apoptosis by aggravating the degradation of BRUCE and activation of caspase 3. In addition, overexpression of Nrdp1 augmented TMZ induced apoptosis by evaluating the degradation of BRUCE and the activation of caspase 3, while silencing of Nrdp1 reduced the sensitivity to the TMZ by inhibiting the degradation of BRUCE and the activation of caspase 3 in human glioma cells. These observations show that Nrdp1 is a pro-apoptotic protein in human glioma and lower expression of Nrdp1 in human glioma may promote tumor progression by reducing apoptosis, suggesting that Nrdp1 may be an important regulator in the development of human glioma. © 2014 IUBMB Life, 66(10):704-710, 2014.
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Anti-triangle centrality-based community detection in complex networks.
IET Syst Biol
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2014
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Community detection has been extensively studied in the past decades largely because of the fact that community exists in various networks such as technological, social and biological networks. Most of the available algorithms, however, only focus on the properties of the vertices, ignoring the roles of the edges. To explore the roles of the edges in the networks for community discovery, the authors introduce the novel edge centrality based on its antitriangle property. To investigate how the edge centrality characterises the community structure, they develop an approach based on the edge antitriangle centrality with the isolated vertex handling strategy (EACH) for community detection. EACH first calculates the edge antitriangle centrality scores for all the edges of a given network and removes the edge with the highest score per iteration until the scores of the remaining edges are all zero. Furthermore, EACH is characterised by being free of the parameters and independent of any additional measures to determine the community structure. To demonstrate the effectiveness of EACH, they compare it with the state-of-the art algorithms on both the synthetic networks and the real world networks. The experimental results show that EACH is more accurate and has lower complexity in terms of community discovery and especially it can gain quite inherent and consistent communities with a maximal diameter of four jumps.
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Hepatic differentiated embryo-chondrocyte-expressed gene 1 (Dec1) inhibits sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (Srebp-1c) expression and alleviates fatty liver phenotype.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2014
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Hepatic steatosis, characterized by ectopic hepatic triglyceride accumulation, is considered as the early manifestation of non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD). Increased SREBP-1c level and activity contribute to excessive hepatic triglyceride accumulation in NAFLD patients; however, negative regulators of Srebp-1c are not well defined. In this study, we show that Dec1, a critical regulator of circadian rhythm, negatively regulates hepatic Srebp-1c expression. Hepatic Dec1 expression levels are markedly decreased in NAFLD mouse models. Restored Dec1 gene expression levels in NAFLD mouse livers decreased the expression of Srebp-1c and lipogenic genes, subsequently ameliorating the fatty liver phenotype. Conversely, knockdown of Dec1 expression by an adenovirus expressing Dec1-specific shRNA led to an increase in hepatic TG content in normal mouse livers. Correspondingly, expression levels of lipogenic genes, including Srebp-1c, Fas, and Acc, were increased in livers of mice with Dec1 knockdown. Moreover, a functional lipogenesis assay suggested that Dec1 overexpression repressed lipid synthesis in primary hepatocytes. Finally, a luciferase reporter gene assay indicates that DEC1 inhibits Srebp-1c gene transcription via the E-box mapped to the promoter region. Chromatin immunoprecipitation confirmed that DEC1 proteins bound to the identified E-box element. Our studies indicate that DEC1 is an important regulator of Srebp-1c expression and links circadian rhythm to hepatic lipogenesis. Activation of Dec1 can alleviate the nonalcoholic fatty liver phenotype.
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Emerging targets in neuroinflammation-driven chronic pain.
Nat Rev Drug Discov
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2014
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Current analgesics predominately modulate pain transduction and transmission in neurons and have limited success in controlling disease progression. Accumulating evidence suggests that neuroinflammation, which is characterized by infiltration of immune cells, activation of glial cells and production of inflammatory mediators in the peripheral and central nervous system, has an important role in the induction and maintenance of chronic pain. This Review focuses on emerging targets - such as chemokines, proteases and the WNT pathway - that promote spinal cord neuroinflammation and chronic pain. It also highlights the anti-inflammatory and pro-resolution lipid mediators that act on immune cells, glial cells and neurons to resolve neuroinflammation, synaptic plasticity and pain. Targeting excessive neuroinflammation could offer new therapeutic opportunities for chronic pain and related neurological and psychiatric disorders.
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A novel KLF4/LDHA signaling pathway regulates aerobic glycolysis in and progression of pancreatic cancer.
Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 06-19-2014
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Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) is a transcription factor and putative tumor suppressor. However, little is known about its effect on aerobic glycolysis in pancreatic tumors. Therefore, we investigated the clinical significance, biologic effects, and mechanisms of dysregulated KLF4 signaling in aerobic glycolysis in pancreatic cancer cells.
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Dissecting the catalytic and substrate binding activity of a class II lanthipeptide synthetase BovM.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
PUBLISHED: 06-14-2014
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LanM proteins are the synthetases of the class II lanthipeptides, which are responsible for lanthionine or methyllanthionine formation in lanthipeptides. LanMs are bifunctional enzymes with N-terminal dehydratase and C-terminal cyclase domains. However, the catalytic and especially the substrate binding function of LanM are not fully investigated. In this study, we analyzed the function of conserved residues of BovM, which is the synthetase of lanthipeptide bovicin HJ50, with alanine substitution method. Mass spectrometry (MS) and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analyses showed six hydrophilic residues (e.g. Asp247) were involved in the dehydration activity of BovM and four hydrophobic residues (e.g. Ile254) were responsible for the substrate binding of BovM. In addition, a conserved Asp155 was proposed to be general base in the elimination of phosphates during the dehydration reactions. This research of BovM shed a light on the catalytic and substrate binding mechanism of LanM proteins.
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TRAF6 upregulation in spinal astrocytes maintains neuropathic pain by integrating TNF-? and IL-1? signaling.
Pain
PUBLISHED: 06-03-2014
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The proinflammatory cytokines TNF- and IL-1 have been strongly implicated in the pathogenesis of neuropathic pain, but the intracellular signaling of these cytokines in glial cells are not fully understood. Tumor necrosis factor receptor associated factor 6 (TRAF6) plays a key role in signal transduction in the TNF receptor superfamily and the interleukin-1 receptor superfamily. In this study, we investigated the role of TRAF6 in neuropathic pain in mice following spinal nerve ligation (SNL). SNL induced persistent TRAF6 upregulation in the spinal cord. Interestingly, TRAF6 was mainly colocalized with the astrocytic marker GFAP on SNL day 10 and partially expressed in microglia on SNL day 3. In cultured astrocytes, TRAF6 was up-regulated after exposure to TNF-? or IL-1?. TNF-? or IL-1? also increased CCL2 expression, which was suppressed by both siRNA and shRNA targeting TRAF6. TRAF6 siRNA treatment also inhibited the phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) in astrocytes induced by TNF-? or IL-1?. JNK inhibitor D-NKI-1 dose-dependently decreased IL-1-induced CCL2 expression. Moreover, spinal injection of TRAF6 siRNA decreased intrathecal TNF-- or IL-1-induced allodynia and hyperalgesia. Spinal TRAF6 inhibition via TRAF6 siRNA, shRNA lentivirus, or antisense oligodeoxynucleotides partially reversed SNL-induced neuropathic pain and spinal CCL2 expression. Finally, intrathecal injection of TNF-?-activated astrocytes induced mechanical allodynia, which was attenuated by pretreatment of astrocytes with TRAF6 siRNA. Taken together, the results suggest that TRAF6, upregulated in spinal cord astrocytes in the late phase after nerve injury, maintains neuropathic pain by integrating TNF- and IL-1 signaling and activating the JNK/CCL2 pathway in astrocytes.
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Controllability and observability analysis for vertex domination centrality in directed networks.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 06-03-2014
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Topological centrality is a significant measure for characterising the relative importance of a node in a complex network. For directed networks that model dynamic processes, however, it is of more practical importance to quantify a vertex's ability to dominate (control or observe) the state of other vertices. In this paper, based on the determination of controllable and observable subspaces under the global minimum-cost condition, we introduce a novel direction-specific index, domination centrality, to assess the intervention capabilities of vertices in a directed network. Statistical studies demonstrate that the domination centrality is, to a great extent, encoded by the underlying network's degree distribution and that most network positions through which one can intervene in a system are vertices with high domination centrality rather than network hubs. To analyse the interaction and functional dependence between vertices when they are used to dominate a network, we define the domination similarity and detect significant functional modules in glossary and metabolic networks through clustering analysis. The experimental results provide strong evidence that our indices are effective and practical in accurately depicting the structure of directed networks.
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Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies in East Asian-ancestry populations identifies four new loci for body mass index.
Wanqing Wen, Wei Zheng, Yukinori Okada, Fumihiko Takeuchi, Yasuharu Tabara, Joo-Yeon Hwang, Rajkumar Dorajoo, Huaixing Li, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Xiaobo Yang, Jiang He, Ying Wu, Meian He, Yi Zhang, Jun Liang, Xiuqing Guo, Wayne Huey-Herng Sheu, Ryan Delahanty, Xingyi Guo, Michiaki Kubo, Ken Yamamoto, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Min Jin Go, Jian Jun Liu, Wei Gan, Ching-Chu Chen, Yong Gao, Shengxu Li, Nanette R Lee, Chen Wu, Xueya Zhou, Huaidong Song, Jie Yao, I-Te Lee, Jirong Long, Tatsuhiko Tsunoda, Koichi Akiyama, Naoyuki Takashima, Yoon Shin Cho, Rick Th Ong, Ling Lu, Chien-Hsiun Chen, Aihua Tan, Treva K Rice, Linda S Adair, Lixuan Gui, Matthew Allison, Wen-Jane Lee, Qiuyin Cai, Minoru Isomura, Satoshi Umemura, Young Jin Kim, Mark Seielstad, James Hixson, Yong-Bing Xiang, Masato Isono, Bong-Jo Kim, Xueling Sim, Wei Lu, Toru Nabika, Juyoung Lee, Wei-Yen Lim, Yu-Tang Gao, Ryoichi Takayanagi, Dae-Hee Kang, Tien Yin Wong, Chao Agnes Hsiung, I-Chien Wu, Jyh-Ming Jimmy Juang, Jiajun Shi, Bo Youl Choi, Tin Aung, Frank Hu, Mi Kyung Kim, Wei Yen Lim, Tzung-Dao Wang, Min-Ho Shin, Jeannette Lee, Bu-Tian Ji, Young-Hoon Lee, Terri L Young, Dong Hoon Shin, Byung-Yeol Chun, Myeong-Chan Cho, Bok-Ghee Han, Chii-Min Hwu, Themistocles L Assimes, Devin Absher, Xiaofei Yan, Eric Kim, Jane Z Kuo, Soonil Kwon, Kent D Taylor, Yii-Der I Chen, Jerome I Rotter, Lu Qi, Dingliang Zhu, Tangchun Wu, Karen L Mohlke, Dongfeng Gu, Zengnan Mo, Jer-Yuarn Wu, Xu Lin, Tetsuro Miki, E Shyong Tai, Jong-Young Lee, Norihiro Kato, Xiao-Ou Shu, Toshihiro Tanaka.
Hum. Mol. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 05-26-2014
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Recent genetic association studies have identified 55 genetic loci associated with obesity or body mass index (BMI). The vast majority, 51 loci, however, were identified in European-ancestry populations. We conducted a meta-analysis of associations between BMI and ?2.5 million genotyped or imputed single nucleotide polymorphisms among 86 757 individuals of Asian ancestry, followed by in silico and de novo replication among 7488-47 352 additional Asian-ancestry individuals. We identified four novel BMI-associated loci near the KCNQ1 (rs2237892, P = 9.29 × 10(-13)), ALDH2/MYL2 (rs671, P = 3.40 × 10(-11); rs12229654, P = 4.56 × 10(-9)), ITIH4 (rs2535633, P = 1.77 × 10(-10)) and NT5C2 (rs11191580, P = 3.83 × 10(-8)) genes. The association of BMI with rs2237892, rs671 and rs12229654 was significantly stronger among men than among women. Of the 51 BMI-associated loci initially identified in European-ancestry populations, we confirmed eight loci at the genome-wide significance level (P < 5.0 × 10(-8)) and an additional 14 at P < 1.0 × 10(-3) with the same direction of effect as reported previously. Findings from this analysis expand our knowledge of the genetic basis of obesity.
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Determination of reference intervals for serum complement C3 and C4 levels in Chinese Han ethnic males.
Clin. Lab.
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2014
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Clinical laboratory reference intervals (RIs) for serum complement C3 and C4 levels have been established in many countries but there is a lack of published data regarding normal RIs in Chinese population. We attempted to establish RIs for serum complement C3 and C4 levels in Chinese Han ethnic males.
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Comparative transcriptome resources of eleven Primulina species, a group of 'stone plants' from a biodiversity hot spot.
Mol Ecol Resour
PUBLISHED: 05-16-2014
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The genus Primulina is an emerging model system in studying the drivers and mechanisms of species diversification, for its high species richness and endemism, together with high degree of habitat specialization. In this study, we sequenced transcriptomes for eleven Primulina species across the phylogeny of the genus using the Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform. A total of 336 million clean reads were processed into 355 573 unigenes with a mean length of 1336 bp and an N50 value of 2191 bp after pooling and reassembling twelve individual pre-assembled unigene sets. Of these unigenes, 249 973 (70%) were successfully annotated and 256 601 (72%) were identified as coding sequences (CDSs). We identified a total of 38 279 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) and 367 123 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Marker validation assay revealed that 354 (27.3%) of the 1296 SSR and 795 (39.6%) of the 2008 SNP loci showed successful genotyping performance and exhibited expected polymorphism profiles. We screened 834 putative single-copy nuclear genes and proved their high effectiveness in phylogeny construction and estimation of ancestral population parameters. We identified a total of 85 candidate orthologs under positive selection for 46 of the 66 species pairs. This study provided an efficient application of RNA-seq in development of genomic resources for a group of 'stone plants' from south China Karst regions, a biodiversity hot spot of the World. The assembled unigenes with annotations and the massive gene-associated molecular markers would help guide further molecular systematic, population genetic and ecological genomics studies in Primulina and its relatives.
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Type AII lantibiotic bovicin HJ50 with a rare disulfide bond: structure, structure-activity relationships and mode of action.
Biochem. J.
PUBLISHED: 05-13-2014
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Lantibiotics are ribosomally synthesized antimicrobial peptides containing unusual amino acids. As promising alternatives to conventional antibiotics, they have a high potential for alleviating the problem of emergent antibiotic resistance, with possible applications in many industries that have antibacterial demand. Bovicin HJ50 is a type AII lantibiotic, the largest group of lantibiotics, comprising a linear N-terminal region and a globular C-terminal region. Interestingly, bovicin H50 has a disulfide bond that is rare in this group. Owing to limited information about the spatial structures of type AII lantibiotics, the functional regions of this type and the role of the disulfide bond are still unknown. In the present study, we resolved the solution structure of bovicin HJ50 using NMR spectroscopy. This is the first spatial structure of a type AII lantibiotic. Bovicin HJ50 exhibited high flexibility in aqueous solution, whereas varied rigidities were observed in the different rings with the conserved ring A being the most rigid. The charged residues Lys¹¹, Asp¹² and Lys³?, as well as the essential disulfide bond were critical for antimicrobial activity. Importantly, bovicin HJ50 showed not only peptidoglycan precursor lipid II-binding ability, but also pore-forming activity, which is significantly different from other bacteriostatic type AII lantibiotics, suggesting a novel antimicrobial mechanism.
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Genetic polymorphisms of interleukin-1 beta and osteosarcoma risk.
Int Orthop
PUBLISHED: 04-28-2014
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Osteosarcoma is the most common childhood bone cancer. Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1B) is crucially involved in osteosarcoma carcinogenesis. Whether genetic polymorphisms of IL-1B also influence osteosarcoma risk is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between IL-1B gene polymorphisms and osteosarcoma risk in Chinese Han patients.
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Diagnostic accuracy of sonography versus magnetic resonance imaging for primary nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
J Ultrasound Med
PUBLISHED: 04-26-2014
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The purpose of this study was to prospectively assess the accuracy of sonography versus magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for a diagnosis of primary nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
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Water in oil emulsion stabilized by tadpole-like single chain polymer nanoparticles and its application in biphase reaction.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
PUBLISHED: 04-17-2014
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In this study, tadpole-like single chain polymer nanoparticles (TSCPNs) were efficiently synthesized by intramolecularly cross-linking P4VP block of commercial block polymer of PMMA2250-b-P4VP286 in N,N-dimethylformamide using propargyl bromide as cross-linking agent. The intramolecular cross-linking reaction led to the production of TSCPNs with a linear tail and a cross-linked head. The as-prepared TSCPNs were then applied as emulsifier to stabilize water in chlorobenzene emulsion, and an extremely stabilized water in oil (W/O) emulsion was generated at a low TSCPNs concentration. The TSCPNs concentration was as low as 0.0075 wt % versus total weight of water and chlorobenzene for emulsion formation. The emulsifying performance of TSCPNs was better than that of low molecular surfactant, such as Span-80. The generated W/O emulsion provided an ideal medium for the reduction of oil-soluble p-nitroanisole by water-soluble sulfide to p-anisidine, an effective contact problem between the two reactants with different solubility was well solved through interfacial reaction.
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Association study of developmental dyslexia candidate genes DCDC2 and KIAA0319 in Chinese population.
Am. J. Med. Genet. B Neuropsychiatr. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2014
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Developmental dyslexia (DD) is characterized by difficulties in reading and spelling independent of intelligence, educational backgrounds and neurological injuries. Increasing evidences supported DD as a complex genetic disorder and identified four DD candidate genes namely DYX1C1, DCDC2, KIAA0319 and ROBO1. As such, DCDC2 and KIAA0319 are located in DYX2, one of the most studied DD susceptibility loci. However, association of these two genes with DD was inconclusive across different populations. Given the linguistic and genetic differences between Chinese and other populations, it is worthwhile to investigate association of DCDC2 and KIAA0319 with Chinese dyslexic children. Here, we selected 60 tag SNPs covering DCDC2 and KIAA0319 followed by high density genotyping in a large unrelated Chinese cohort with 502 dyslexic cases and 522 healthy controls. Several SNPs (Pmin ?=?0.0192) of DCDC2 and KIAA0319 as well as a four-maker haplotype (Padjusted ?=?0.0289, Odds Ratio (OR) ?=?1.3400) of KIAA0319 showed nominal association with DD. However, none of these results survived Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons. Thus, the association of DCDC2 and KIAA0319 with DD in Chinese population should be further validated and their contribution to DD etiology and pathology should be interpreted with caution. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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FOXM1 promotes the warburg effect and pancreatic cancer progression via transactivation of LDHA expression.
Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 03-14-2014
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The transcription factor Forkhead box protein M1 (FOXM1) plays critical roles in cancer development and progression. However, the regulatory role and underlying mechanisms of FOXM1 in cancer metabolism are unknown. In this study, we characterized the regulation of aerobic glycolysis by FOXM1 and its impact on pancreatic cancer metabolism.
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The effect of lipocisplatin on cisplatin efficacy and nephrotoxicity in malignant breast cancer treatment.
Biomaterials
PUBLISHED: 03-10-2014
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A lipid-cisplatin conjugate was synthesized for super-molecular assembly with lipids to form a new generation of liposomal cisplatin formulation, lipocisplatin. In vitro, lipocisplatin has higher efficacy in human ovarian cancer A2780 and human breast cancer MCF-7 with the murine breast cancer cell line 4T1 which is currently an established model for stage IV breast cancer as the most sensitive strain. Moreover, lipocisplatin demonstrated a greater MTD value and relatively longer blood circulation as compared to cisplatin. Lipocisplatin preferentially accumulate drugs to the tumor site, resulting in a better tumor inhibition efficacy. Moreover, lipocisplatin exceeds the size cutoff for kidney clearance, hence it bypasses the nephrotoxicity of cisplatin which is a major curse of one of the most efficient anticancer drugs nowadays in clinic. The results here indicated lipocisplatin may be translated into a new generation of liposomal based cisplatin drug in clinic.
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Xbp1s in Pomc neurons connects ER stress with energy balance and glucose homeostasis.
Cell Metab.
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2014
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The molecular mechanisms underlying neuronal leptin and insulin resistance in obesity and diabetes remain unclear. Here we show that induction of the unfolded protein response transcription factor spliced X-box binding protein 1 (Xbp1s) in pro-opiomelanocortin (Pomc) neurons alone is sufficient to protect against diet-induced obesity as well as improve leptin and insulin sensitivity, even in the presence of strong activators of ER stress. We also demonstrate that constitutive expression of Xbp1s in Pomc neurons contributes to improved hepatic insulin sensitivity and suppression of endogenous glucose production. Notably, elevated Xbp1s levels in Pomc neurons also resulted in activation of the Xbp1s axis in the liver via a cell-nonautonomous mechanism. Together our results identify critical molecular mechanisms linking ER stress in arcuate Pomc neurons to acute leptin and insulin resistance as well as liver metabolism in diet-induced obesity and diabetes.
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Expression of GRP78 predicts taxane-based therapeutic resistance and recurrence of human gastric cancer.
Exp. Mol. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 02-19-2014
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Cancer cells adapt to chronic stress in the tumor microenvironment by inducing the expression of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), a major endoplasmic reticulum chaperone with Ca(2+)-binding and antiapoptotic properties. The effect in and potential role of its expression in progression of and prognosis for gastric cancer (GC) are unclear. In the present study, we investigated the clinical value of GRP78 expression in judgment of the severity of and prognosis for GC in a retrospective cohort study of 160 patients who underwent D2 radical gastrectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy. GRP78 expression was detected using immunohistochemistry. The relationships of GRP78 expression with age, sex, differentiation, invasion depth, disease stage, lymph node metastasis, and time to recurrence (TTR) were analyzed. The GRP78 expression was higher in tumors from patients with deep tumor infiltration, with poor differentiation, at late disease stages, and with lymph node metastasis than that in tumors from patients without. Also, GRP78 positivity was associated with short TTR (hazard ratio [HR], 1.75; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.07-4.85; P=0.041). Subgroup analysis revealed that the HR in the GRP78-high group increased significantly in patients who did not receive taxane-containing regimens (HR, 2.21; 95% CI, 1.23-7.36; P=0.038). In contrast, in the patients who received taxane-based chemotherapy, the association between GRP78 positivity and increased risk of recurrence was not statistically significant (HR, 1.16; 95% CI, 0.81-2.98; P=0.111). In the patients with GRP78 expression, those who underwent taxane-containing chemotherapy had longer median TTRs than did those who did not undergo this treatment (P=0.017). Downregulation of GRP78 expression markedly inhibited proliferation of the GC cells at the G1 phase, whereas GRP78 overexpression promoted cell-cycle progression. These findings suggest that GRP78 overexpression promotes GC cells proliferation and is an independent indicator of poor prognosis for GC.
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[Body mass index correlates with the level of serum prostate-specific antigen in men in Fangcheng area of Guangxi].
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2014
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To investigate the influence of body mass index (BMI) on the serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level in males in the Fangcheng area of Guangxi.
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Electrochemical sensing platform for L-CySH based on nearly uniform Au nanoparticles decorated graphene nanosheets.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2014
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In this study, Au nanoparticles decorated graphene nanosheets were prepared using poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) covalently functionalized graphene oxide and chloroauric acid as template and Au precursor, respectively. Both the density and the size of Au nanoparticles deposited on the surface of graphene could be adjusted by the PVP grafting density. The graphene-Au hybrid nanosheets were then applied to fabricate a highly sensitive l-cysteine (L-CySH) electrochemical sensing platform. The cyclic voltammetry results showed that the modified glassy carbon electrode with graphene-Au hybrid nanosheets exhibited strong catalytic activity toward the electrooxidation of L-CySH. The current exhibited a widely linear response ranging from 0.1 to 24 ?M with a low detection limit under the optimized conditions. The detection limit of L-CySH could reach as low as 20.5 nM (S/N=3). The enhanced electrochemical performance of the fabricated sensor was attributed to the combination of the excellent conductivity of graphene and strong catalytic property of uniform Au nanoparticles.
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Identification of ligand specificity determinants in lantibiotic bovicin HJ50 and the receptor BovK, a multitransmembrane histidine kinase.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2014
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Lantibiotic bovicin HJ50 is produced by Streptococcus bovis HJ50 and acts as the extracellular signal to autoregulate its own biosynthesis through BovK/R two-component system. Bovicin HJ50 shows a linear N-terminal and glubolar C-terminal structure, and the sensor histidine kinase BovK contains eight transmembrane segments lacking any extensive surface-exposed sensory domain. The signal recognition mechanism between bovicin HJ50 and BovK is still unknown. We performed saturated alanine scanning mutagenesis and other amino acid substitutions on bovicin HJ50 using a semi-in vitro biosynthesis. Results of the mutants inducing activities indicated that several charged and hydrophobic amino acids in ring B of bovicin HJ50, as well as two glycines were key residues to recognize BovK. Circular dichroism analyses indicated that both glycines contributed to bovicin HJ50 structural changes in the membrane. Biotin-labeled bovicin HJ50 could interact with the N-terminal sensor of BovK, and several charged residues and a conserved hydrophobic region in the N-terminal portion of BovK sensor domain were important for interacting with the signal bovicin HJ50. By combining the results, we suggested a mechanism of bovicin HJ50 recognizing and activating BovK mainly through electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions.
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CacyBP/SIP protein is important for the proliferation of human glioma cells.
IUBMB Life
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2014
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Recently, calcyclin-binding protein or Siah-1-interacting protein (CacyBP/SIP), a component of a novel ubiquitinylation pathway, could regulate the ?-catenin degradation (Fukushima et al., Immunity 2006, 24, 29-39). However, the potential role of CacyBP/SIP itself in human glioma cells has not been clarified. Here, we found that CacyBP/SIP was expressed highly in human glioma tissues. Silencing of CacyBP/SIP by short-hairpin RNA severely suppressed the proliferation of human glioma cell U251, which was at least partly mediated by downregulation of phospho-Akt (p-Akt) and phospho-?-catenin (p-?-catenin) as well as upregulation of p53 and p21. Furthermore, overexpression of CacyBP/SIP obviously promoted the proliferation of human glioma U251, which exhibited the exactly contrary trend in the expression of p-Akt, p-?-catenin, p53, and p21. Taken together, these findings suggest that CacyBP/SIP plays important roles in the proliferation of human glioma cell which might be involved in the development of human glioma.
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Interrelationships of circulating tumor cells with metastasis and thrombosis: role of microRNAs.
Curr. Pharm. Des.
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2014
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Metastasis and thrombosis are serious threats to cancer patients and generally associated with poor prognosis. The elusive mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of metastasis and thrombosis have been subjects of extensive investigations. The presence of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is closely related to tumor metastasis, and these cells play an important role in thrombosis in cancer patients. In this review, we describe the latest findings on the role of CTCs in tumor metastasis and cancer-related thrombosis and the regulatory role of microRNAs in CTCs and thrombosis. Additionally, we discuss anticoagulant-based strategies for the prevention of thrombosis and reduction of cancer metastasis and the potential to translate current knowledge on these strategies to the treatment of cancer.
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Effect of aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on prostate cancer incidence and mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
BMC Med
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2014
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It has been postulated that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) use leads to decreased prostate cancer (PCa) risk. In recent years, NSAIDs' role in PCa development has been extensively studied; however, there is not yet a definitive answer. Moreover, the epidemiological results for NSAIDs' effect on PCa-specific mortality have been inconsistent. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to examine the controversy.
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EGFR phosphorylates and inhibits lung tumor suppressor GPRC5A in lung cancer.
Mol. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2014
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GPRC5A is a retinoic acid inducible gene that is preferentially expressed in lung tissue. Gprc5a- knockout mice develop spontaneous lung cancer, indicating Gprc5a is a lung tumor suppressor gene. GPRC5A expression is frequently suppressed in majority of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs), however, elevated GPRC5A is still observed in a small portion of NSCLC cell lines and tumors, suggesting that the tumor suppressive function of GPRC5A is inhibited in these tumors by an unknown mechanism.
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FOXM1c promotes pancreatic cancer epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and metastasis via upregulation of expression of the urokinase plasminogen activator system.
Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2014
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The transcription factor Forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) plays important roles in the formation of several human tumors, including pancreatic cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms by which FOXM1 promotes pancreatic tumor epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and metastasis are unknown.
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Thyroid tumor-initiating cells: increasing evidence and opportunities for anticancer therapy (review).
Oncol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2014
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Accumulating evidence supports the notion that thyroid cancer is initiated by tumor-initiating cells (TICs) (commonly known as cancer stem cells), which are thought to play a crucial role in malignant progression, therapeutic resistance and recurrence. Thyroid TICs have been isolated and identified using specific biomarkers (such as CD133), the side population, sphere formation and aldehyde dehydrogenase activity assays. Although their characteristics remain largely unknown, TICs provide an attractive cellular mechanism to explain therapeutic refractoriness. Efforts are currently being directed toward the identification of therapeutic strategies that could target these cells. The present review discusses the cellular origins of TICs and the main approaches used to isolate and identify thyroid TICs, with a focus on the remaining challenges and opportunities for anticancer therapy.
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miR-17 inhibitor suppressed osteosarcoma tumor growth and metastasis via increasing PTEN expression.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
PUBLISHED: 01-11-2014
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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play essential roles in cancer development and progression. Here, we investigated the role of miR-17 in the progression and metastasis of osteosarcoma (OS). miR-17 was frequently increased in OS tissues and cell lines. Inhibition of miR-17 in OS cell lines substantially suppressed cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) was identified as a target of miR-17, and ectopic expression of miR-17 inhibited PTEN by direct binding to its 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR). Expression of miR-17 was negatively correlated with PTEN in OS tissues. Together, these findings indicate that miR-17 acts as an oncogenic miRNA and may contribute to the progression and metastasis of OS, suggesting miR-17 as a potential novel diagnostic and therapeutic target of OS.
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Endoplasmic reticulum stress protects human thyroid carcinoma cell lines against ionizing radiation-induced apoptosis.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2014
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Radiotherapy is one of the most effective forms of cancer treatment, used in the treatment of a number of malignant tumors. However, the resistance of tumor cells to ionizing radiation remains a major therapeutic problem and the critical mechanisms determining radiation resistance are poorly defined. In the present study, a cellular endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress microenvironment was established through the pretreatment of cultured thyroid cancer cells with tunicamycin (TM) and thapsigargin (TG), in order to mimic the ER stress response in a tumor microenvironment. This microenviroment was confirmed through the X?box binding protein 1 splice process, glucose?regulated protein 78 kD and ER degradation?enhancing ??mannosidase?like mRNA expression. A clonogenic assay was used to measure cancer cell resistance to 60Co?? following TM pretreatment; in addition, human C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) mRNA expression was determined and apoptosis assays were performed. The results showed that TM or TG pretreatment inhibited CHOP expression and reduced the apoptotic rate of cells. Furthermore, the results demonstrated that the induced ER stress response rendered cancer cells more resistant to ionizing radiation?induced apoptosis. Therefore, the ER stress pathway may be a potential therapeutic target in order to improve the clinical efficiency of radiotherapy.
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Visual prosthesis wireless energy transfer system optimal modeling.
Biomed Eng Online
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2014
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Wireless energy transfer system is an effective way to solve the visual prosthesis energy supply problems, theoretical modeling of the system is the prerequisite to do optimal energy transfer system design.
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Developing a statewide childhood body mass index surveillance program.
J Sch Health
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2014
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Several states have implemented childhood obesity surveillance programs supported by legislation. Representatives from Idaho wished to develop a model for childhood obesity surveillance without the support of state legislation, and subsequently report predictors of overweight and obesity in the state.
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The expression and role of tyrosine kinase ETK/BMX in renal cell carcinoma.
J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2014
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Expression of the non-receptor tyrosine kinase ETK/BMX has been reported in several solid tumors, but the underlying molecular mechanisms and its clinical significance in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remain to be elucidated.
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ChIP-seq predicted estrogen receptor biding sites in human breast cancer cell line MCF7.
Tumour Biol.
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2014
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The aim of this study was to find estrogen receptor (ER) binding sites of estradiol (E2)-treated and control groups and discuss the roles of ER activation in the tumorigenesis and progression of various human cancers. The ER ChIP-seq data GSE19013 was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus database, including E2-treated data GSM470419 and control data GSM470418. MACS software was utilized to identify ER binding sites in two groups. R's ChIPpeakAnno was used to detect ER-regulated target genes. Motif finding was employed to analyze ER concordant transcription factors (TFs) in MCF7 cell. The Gene Ontology (GO) was used to conduct functional enrichment analysis. We identified 9,134 ER binding sites in E2 stimulation group and 1,969 in control group. GO enrichment analysis of target genes showed that ER-regulated target genes mainly participated in mRNA catabolic process, protein complex disassembly, and protein localization to organelle-related biology process; while in E2 stimulation group, the function of ER-regulated target genes sharply changed. The effect of E2 in MCF7 cell suggested that activated ER probably reacted with several TFs and then co-regulated related genes expression. Furthermore, several TFs, such as PAX6, SMAD3, and ESR2, had multiply cellular regulation function. Our results showed that E2 stimulates breast cancer cell growth through ER. This may infer the function of ER in occurrence and development of breast cancer. Together, our study would pave ways for discussing ER concordant TFs and studying other ER-recruited TFs.
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Colorimetric fluorescent cyanide chemodosimeter based on triphenylimidazole derivative.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc
PUBLISHED: 01-04-2014
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In this paper, we demonstrated a highly selective colorimetric chemodosimeter for cyanide anion detection. This chemodosimeter having a triphenylimidazole group as a fluorescent signal unit and a dicyano-vinyl group as a reaction unit was synthesized by the Knoevenagel condensation of 4-(4,5-diphenyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)benzaldehyde with malononitrile in a reasonable yield. The probe exhibited an intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) absorption band at 420 nm and emission band at 620 nm, respectively. Upon the addition of cyanide anion, the probe displayed a blue-shifted spectrum and loss in color due to the disruption of conjugation. With the aid of the fluorescence spectrometer, the chemodosimeter exhibited a detection limit of 0.11 ?M (S/N=3). Interferences from other common anions associated with cyanide anion analysis were effectively inhibited.
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Krüppel-Like Factor 5 Promotes Lung Tumorigenesis through Upregulation of Sox4.
Cell. Physiol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 01-02-2014
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Background: Krüppel-like factor 5 (KLF5), a member of zinc finger class of DNA-binding transcriptional regulators, has attracted attention because of its important regulatory activities linked to diverse functions such as cell growth, proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and tumorigenesis in a number of systems. However, its biological functions in the initiation and progression of lung tumorigenesis remain largely unexplored. Methods: Quantitative realtime PCR and Western Blot were used to detect the expression of KLF5 in lung cancer tissues and cell lines. Retro-viruses were used to generate KLF5 stable expression lung cancer cell line. Small interfering RNA was used to silence the expression of KLF5 and Sox4. BrdU assay was used to determine the proliferation of cells. Luciferase and Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays were used to detect the regulation of Sox4 by KLF5. Results: KLF5 was up-regulated in lung cancer tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of KLF5 promotes while knockdown of its expression inhibits cell proliferation in two cell lines derived from lung carcinoma. At the molecular level, our results revealed that KLF5 positively regulates Sox4 expression through a transcriptional mechanism. Sox4 deficiency blocked the proliferative roles of KLF5 in lung cancer cells. Conclusion: our data identified the KLF5/Sox4 regulatory signaling play an important role in lung tumorigenesis, which might represent novel therapeutic targets to manage lung carcinoma. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
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Characterization of Lung Function Impairment in Adults with Bronchiectasis.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Characteristics of lung function impairment in bronchiectasis is not fully understood.
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Immunization associated with erectile dysfunction based on cross-sectional and genetic analyses.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a global disease affecting a large number of people. Some studies have found a relationship between low-grade inflammation and ED. We hypothesized that the immune system might play a key role in the outcome of ED. Five immune agents (C3, C4, IgA, IgM, and IgG) were collected based on the Fangchenggang Area Male Health and Examination Survey (FAMHES), using methods of a traditional cross-sectional analysis. Our results repeated the significant association between ED and metabolic syndrome, obesity, and so forth. However, there seemed to be no positive relation between the tested indexes and ED risk in the baseline analysis (C3: P?=?0.737; C4: P?=?0.274; IgA: P?=?0.943; IgG: P?=?0.069; IgM: P?=?0.985). Then, after adjusting for age and multivariate covariates, a potentially significant association between ED and IgG was discovered (P?=?0.025 and P?=?0.034, respectively). Meanwhile, in order to describe the development of ED on a gene level, SNP-set kernel-machine association test (SKAT) was applied with the known humoral immune genes involved. The outcomes suggested that PTAFR (binary P value: 0.0096; continuous P value: 0.00869), IL27 (0.0029; 0.1954), CD37 (0.0248; 0.5196), CD40 (0.7146; 0.0413), IL7R (0.1223; 0.0222), PSMB9 (0.1237; 0.0212), and CXCR3 (0.0849; 0.0478) might be key genes in ED, especially IL27, when we restricted the family-wise error rate (FWER) to 0.5. Our study shows that IgG and seven genes (PTAFR, CD37, CD40, IL7R, PSMB9, CXCR3, and especially IL27) might be key factors in the pathogenesis of ED, which could pave the way for future gene and immune therapies.
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Genetic variations affecting serum carcinoembryonic antigen levels and status of regional lymph nodes in patients with sporadic colorectal cancer from Southern China.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Serum carcinoembryonic antigen (sCEA) level might be an indicator of disease. Indeed, an elevated sCEA level is a prognostic factor in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. However, the genetic determinants of sCEA level in healthy and CRC population remains unclear. Thus we investigated the genetic markers associated with elevated serum sCEA level in these two populations and its clinical implications.
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The diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography versus endoscopy for primary nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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To compare the accuracy of ultrasonography (US) with the current clinical standard of endoscopy for a diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).
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Fine mapping of qRC10-2, a quantitative trait locus for cold tolerance of rice roots at seedling and mature stages.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Cold stress causes various injuries to rice seedlings in low-temperature and high-altitude areas and is therefore an important factor affecting rice production in such areas. In this study, root conductivity (RC) was used as an indicator to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) of cold tolerance in Oryza rufipogon Griff., Dongxiang wild rice (DX), at its two-leaf stage. The correlation coefficients between RC and the plant survival rate (PSR) at the seedling and maturity stages were -0.85 and -0.9 (P?=?0.01), respectively, indicating that RC is a reliable index for evaluating cold tolerance of rice. A preliminary mapping group was constructed from 151 BC2F1 plants using DX as a cold-tolerant donor and the indica variety Nanjing 11 (NJ) as a recurrent parent. A total of 113 codominant simple-sequence repeat (SSR) markers were developed, with a parental polymorphism of 17.3%. Two cold-tolerant QTLs, named qRC10-1 and qRC10-2 were detected on chromosome 10 by composite interval mapping. qRC10-1 (LOD?=?3.1, RM171-RM1108) was mapped at 148.3 cM, and qRC10-2 (LOD?=?6.1, RM25570-RM304) was mapped at 163.3 cM, which accounted for 9.4% and 32.1% of phenotypic variances, respectively. To fine map the major locus qRC10-2, NJ was crossed with a BC4F2 plant (L188-3), which only carried the QTL qRC10-2, to construct a large BC5F2 fine-mapping population with 13,324 progenies. Forty-five molecular markers were designed to evenly cover qRC10-2, and 10 markers showed polymorphisms between DX and NJ. As a result, qRC10-2 was delimited to a 48.5-kb region between markers qc45 and qc48. In this region, Os10g0489500 and Os10g0490100 exhibited different expression patterns between DX and NJ. Our results provide a basis for identifying the gene(s) underlying qRC10-2, and the markers developed here may be used to improve low-temperature tolerance of rice seedling and maturity stages via marker-assisted selection (MAS).
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Integrating water flow, locomotor performance and respiration of Chinese sturgeon during multiple fatigue-recovery cycles.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The objective of this study is to provide information on metabolic changes occurring in Chinese sturgeon (an ecologically important endangered fish) subjected to repeated cycles of fatigue and recovery and the effect on swimming capability. Fatigue-recovery cycles likely occur when fish are moving through the fishways of large dams and the results of this investigation are important for fishway design and conservation of wild Chinese sturgeon populations. A series of four stepped velocity tests were carried out successively in a Steffensen-type swimming respirometer and the effects of repeated fatigue-recovery on swimming capability and metabolism were measured. Significant results include: (1) critical swimming speed decreased from 4.34 bl/s to 2.98 bl/s; (2) active oxygen consumption (i.e. the difference between total oxygen consumption and routine oxygen consumption) decreased from 1175 mgO2/kg to 341 mgO2/kg and was the primary reason for the decrease in Ucrit; (3) excess post-exercise oxygen consumption decreased from 36 mgO2/kg to 22 mgO2/kg; (4) with repeated step tests, white muscle (anaerobic metabolism) began contributing to propulsion at lower swimming speeds. Therefore, Chinese sturgeon conserve energy by swimming efficiently and have high fatigue recovery capability. These results contribute to our understanding of the physiology of the Chinese sturgeon and support the conservation efforts of wild populations of this important species.
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Human urine-derived stem cells alone or genetically-modified with FGF2 Improve type 2 diabetic erectile dysfunction in a rat model.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The aim of this study was to determine the possibility of improving erectile dysfunction using cell therapy with either human urine-derived stem cells (USCs) or USCs genetically-modified with FGF2 in a type 2 diabetic rat model.
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Macrolide therapy in adults and children with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of macrolide therapy in adults and children with bronchiectasis.
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The diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography versus endoscopy for primary nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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To compare the accuracy of ultrasonography (US) with the current clinical standard of endoscopy for a diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).
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Uncovering patterns of inter-urban trip and spatial interaction from social media check-in data.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The article revisits spatial interaction and distance decay from the perspective of human mobility patterns and spatially-embedded networks based on an empirical data set. We extract nationwide inter-urban movements in China from a check-in data set that covers half a million individuals within 370 cities to analyze the underlying patterns of trips and spatial interactions. By fitting the gravity model, we find that the observed spatial interactions are governed by a power law distance decay effect. The obtained gravity model also closely reproduces the exponential trip displacement distribution. The movement of an individual, however, may not obey the same distance decay effect, leading to an ecological fallacy. We also construct a spatial network where the edge weights denote the interaction strengths. The communities detected from the network are spatially cohesive and roughly consistent with province boundaries. We attribute this pattern to different distance decay parameters between intra-province and inter-province trips.
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N-Butyl-2,4-dinitro-anilinium p-toluenesulfonate as a highly active and selective esterification catalyst.
Tetrahedron Lett.
PUBLISHED: 12-21-2013
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N-Butyl-2,4-dinitro-anilinium p-toluenesulfonate (1) was found to be a very active esterification catalyst that promotes condensation of equal mole amount of carboxylic acids and alcohols under mild conditions. This catalyst is also highly selective towards carboxylic acid and alcohol substrates at ambient temperature.
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Off-ice fitness of elite female ice hockey players by team success, age, and player position.
J Strength Cond Res
PUBLISHED: 12-16-2013
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This study examined off-ice fitness profiles of 204 elite female ice hockey players from 13 countries who attended a high-performance camp organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) in Bratislava, Slovakia, in July of 2011. Athletes were tested using standardized protocols for vertical jump (centimeters), long jump (centimeters), 4-jump average (centimeters), elasticity ratio (4-vertical jump average/vertical jump), pull-up or inverted row (n), aerobic fitness (V[Combining Dot Above]O2max), body mass (kilograms), and body composition (% fat). These variables were examined relative to team success in major international hockey competition (group 1: Canada and USA, group 2: Sweden and Finland, group 3: All other participating countries), age group (Under 18 and Senior/Open Levels), and player position (forwards, defenders, and goalies). The athletes from countries with the best international records weighed more, yet had less body fat, had greater lower body muscular power and upper body strength, and higher aerobic capacity compared with their less successful counterparts. Compared with the younger athletes, athletes from the senior-level age group weighed more and had higher scores for lower body power, pull-ups, and aerobic capacity. There were no significant differences in anthropometric or fitness data based on player position. This study is the first to report the physical characteristics of a worldwide sample of elite female ice hockey players relative to team performance, age, and player position. Coaches should use these data to identify talent, test for strengths and weaknesses in conditioning programs, and design off-ice programs that will help athletes match the fitness profiles of the most successful teams in the world.
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Restoration of a bioactive lantibiotic suicin from a remnant lan locus of pathogenic Streptococcus suis serotype 2.
Appl. Environ. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 11-22-2013
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Lantibiotics are ribosomally-synthesized, posttranslationally modified antimicrobial peptides. Their biosynthesis genes are usually organized in gene clusters, which are mainly found in Gram-positive bacteria including pathogenic streptococci. Three highly virulent Streptococcus suis serotype 2 strains (98HAH33, 05ZYH33 and SC84) have been identified to contain a 89K pathogenicity island. Here, on these islands, we unveiled and re-annotated a putative lantibiotic locus designated sui which contains a virulence-associated two component regulator suiK/suiR. In silico analysis revealed that the putative lantibiotic modification gene suiM was interrupted by a 7.9 kb integron and other biosynthesis-related genes contained various frame-shift mutations. By reconstituting the intact suiM in Escherichia coli together with a semi-in vitro biosynthesis system, a putative lantibiotic named suicin was produced with bactericidal activities against a variety of Gram-positive strains including pathogenic streptococci and vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Ring topology dissection indicated that the 34-amino-acid lantibiotic contained two methyllanthionine residues and one disulfide bridge, which render suicin in an N-terminal linear and C-terminal globular shape. To confirm the function of suiK/suiR, SuiR was overexpressed and purified. In vitro analysis showed that SuiR could specifically bind to suiA gene promoter. Its co-expression of with suiK could activate suiA gene promoter in Lactococcus lactis NZ9000. Conclusively, we obtained a novel lantibiotic suicin by restoring its production from the remnant sui locus and demonstrated that the virulence-associated SuiK/SuiR regulates its production.
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Physiologic performance test differences in female volleyball athletes by competition level and player position.
J Strength Cond Res
PUBLISHED: 11-19-2013
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The purpose of this study was to examine physiologic performance test differences by competition level (high school and Division-I collegiate athletes) and player position (hitter, setter, defensive specialist) in 4 volleyball-related tests. A secondary purpose was to establish whether a 150-yd shuttle could be used as a field test to assess anaerobic capacity. Female participants from 4 varsity high school volleyball teams (n = 27) and 2 Division-I collegiate volleyball teams (n = 26) were recruited for the study. Participants completed 4 performance-based field tests (vertical jump, agility T-test, and 150- and 300-yd shuttle runs) after completing a standardized dynamic warm-up. A 2-way multivariate analysis of variance with Bonferroni post hoc adjustments (when appropriate) and effect sizes were used for the analyses. The most important findings of this study were that (a) college volleyball athletes were older, heavier, and taller than high school athletes; (b) high school athletes had performance deficiencies in vertical jump/lower-body power, agility, and anaerobic fitness; (c) lower-body power was the only statistically significant difference in the performance test measures by player position; and (d) the correlation between the 150- and 300-yd shuttle was moderate (r = 0.488). Female high school volleyball players may enhance their ability to play collegiate volleyball by improving their vertical jump, lower-body power, agility, and anaerobic fitness. Furthermore, all player positions should emphasize lower-body power conditioning. These physical test scores provide baseline performance scores that should help strength and conditioning coaches create programs that will address deficits in female volleyball player performance, especially as they transition from high school to college.
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Lactate response to different volume patterns of power clean.
J Strength Cond Res
PUBLISHED: 11-19-2013
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The ability to metabolize or tolerate lactate and produce power simultaneously can be an important determinant of performance. Current training practices for improving lactate use include high-intensity aerobic activities or a combination of aerobic and resistance training. Excessive aerobic training may have undesired physiological adaptations (e.g., muscle loss, change in fiber types). The role of explosive power training in lactate production and use needs further clarification. We hypothesized that high-volume explosive power movements such as Olympic lifts can increase lactate production and overload lactate clearance. Hence, the purpose of this study was to assess lactate accumulation after the completion of 3 different volume patterns of power cleans. Ten male recreational athletes (age 24.22 ± 1.39 years) volunteered. Volume patterns consisted of 3 sets × 3 repetition maximum (3RM) (low volume [LV]), 3 sets × 6 reps at 80-85% of 3RM (midvolume [MV]), and 3 sets × 9 reps at 70-75% of 3RM (high volume [HV]). Rest period was identical at 2 minutes. Blood samples were collected immediately before and after each volume pattern. The HV resulted in the greatest lactate accumulation (7.43 ± 2.94 mmol·L) vs. (5.27 ± 2.48 and 4.03 ± 1.78 mmol·L in MV and LV, respectively). Mean relative increase in lactate was the highest in HV (356.34%). The findings indicate that lactate production in power cleans is largely associated with volume, determined by number of repetitions, load, and rest interval. High-volume explosive training may impose greater metabolic demands than low-volume explosive training and may improve ability to produce power in the presence of lactate. The role of explosive power training in overloading the lactate clearance mechanism should be examined further, especially for athletes of intermittent sport.
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Genetic characterization and protein stability analysis of a Chinese family with Von Hippel-Lindau disease.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 10-12-2013
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Von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL), a heritable autosomal dominant disease characterized by neoplasia in multiple organ systems, has rarely been reported in Asia. We genetically investigated a unique Chinese family with VHL disease and performed an analysis of the VHL protein stability.
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The roles of FOXM1 in pancreatic stem cells and carcinogenesis.
Mol. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 10-04-2013
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Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has one of the poorest prognoses among all cancers. Over the past several decades, investigators have made great advances in the research of PDAC pathogenesis. Importantly, identification of pancreatic cancer stem cells (PCSCs) in pancreatic cancer cases has increased our understanding of PDAC biology and therapy. PCSCs are responsible for pancreatic tumorigenesis and tumor progression via a number of mechanisms, including extensive proliferation, self-renewal, high tumorigenic ability, high propensity for invasiveness and metastasis, and resistance to conventional treatment. Furthermore, emerging evidence suggests that PCSCs are involved in the malignant transformation of pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia. The molecular mechanisms that control PCSCs are related to alterations of various signaling pathways, for instance, Hedgehog, Notch, Wnt, B-cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus insertion site 1, phosphoinositide 3-kinase/AKT, and Nodal/Activin. Also, authors have reported that the proliferation-specific transcriptional factor Forkhead box protein M1 is involved in PCSC self-renewal and proliferation. In this review, we describe the current knowledge about the signaling pathways related to PCSCs and the early stages of PDAC development, highlighting the pivotal roles of Forkhead box protein M1 in PCSCs and their impacts on the development and progression of pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia.
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Genome-wide association study of sex hormones, gonadotropins and sex hormone-binding protein in Chinese men.
J. Med. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 09-18-2013
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Sex hormones and gonadotropins exert a wide variety of effects in physiological and pathological processes. Accumulated evidence shows a strong heritable component of circulating concentrations of these hormones. Recently, several genome-wide association studies (GWASs) conducted in Caucasians have identified multiple loci that influence serum levels of sex hormones. However, the genetic determinants remain unknown in Chinese populations. In this study, we aimed to identify genetic variants associated with major sex hormones, gonadotropins, including testosterone, oestradiol, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinising hormone (LH) and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) in a Chinese population.
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Esterification Catalysis by Pyridinium p-Toluenesulfonate Revisited-Modification with a Lipid Chain for Improved Activities and Selectivities.
Synth Commun
PUBLISHED: 09-17-2013
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The lipid analogues of pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate (PPTS) were examined for catalyzing the condensation of an equimolar mixture of carboxylic acids and alcohols under mild conditions without removal of water. Although PPTS is a poor catalyst, the introduction of a lipid chain and nitro group significantly improved the activity of PPTS and led to selectivity at suppressing elimination side reactions of alcohols. 2-Oleamido-5-nitro-pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate (6) is a lead catalyst that promoted various esterification reactions with yields up to 99%.
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No association between polymorphisms in the calcium homeostasis modulator 1 gene and mesial temporal lobe epilepsy risk in a Chinese population.
Seizure
PUBLISHED: 08-29-2013
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Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) is one of the most common forms of epilepsies in adults. The calcium homeostasis modulator 1 gene (CALHM1) has been considered one of the candidate genes that play a role in epileptogenesis due to its function in calcium homeostasis and amyloid ? (A?) regulation. Recently, the association of a single nucleotide polymorphism (rs11191692) of CALHM1 has been reported to be associated with MTLE in Han Chinese, but independent replication is needed. In the present study, rs11191692 and rs2986017 of CALHM1 were determined in 512 MTLE patients and 412 control subjects to investigate the possible involvement of CALHM1 in the etiology of MTLE.
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Increased SSeCKS expression in rat hepatic stellate cells upon activation in vitro and in vivo.
Inflammation
PUBLISHED: 08-09-2013
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Recent reports suggest that src suppressed c kinase substrates (SSeCKS) are early inflammatory response protein. However, there is only scarce knowledge on the functional role of SSeCKS in liver under conditions of acute inflammation. In the present study, we investigated SSeCKS expression in liver after administration of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in rats and in isolated primary hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) upon activation on a plastic dish. We found that SSeCKS mRNA was hardly detectable in healthy liver tissue and further increased in carbon tetrachloride-mediated acute liver failure. SSeCKS protein expression was mainly found in hepatic stellate cells. In vitro, SSeCKS expression in activated rat HSCs was dramatically increased. The upregulation of SSeCKS protein expression in rat HSCs during activation in vitro and in vivo suggested the possibility of SSeCKS, an important part of function of the activated HSCs, perhaps through modulation of liver regeneration or formation of liver fibrosis after various injuries.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.