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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Evaluation of the Etoricoxib-Mediated Pain-Relieving Effect in Patients Undergoing Lumbar Fusion Procedures for Degenerative Lumbar Scoliosis: A Prospective Randomized, Double-Blind Controlled Study.
Cell Biochem. Biophys.
PUBLISHED: 11-14-2014
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This randomized, double-blind study was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of etoricoxib in controlling the pain during lumbar fusion surgery of the degenerative lumbar scoliosis patients. We found that perioperative use of etoricoxib produced a significant reduction in the degree of pain compared to the patients treated with placebo. Etoricoxib eased the pain and helped to manage the discomfort of lumbar fusion surgery. In addition, etoricoxib was well tolerated as it caused no serious adverse reaction, suggesting a safe profile. Etoricoxib also appeared to ensure and promote the positive effect of surgery, however, insignificantly. Thus, the results suggest that etoricoxib was effective in safely managing the pain during the lumbar fusion surgery and recovery thereafter.
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Enhanced removal of soluble Cr(VI) by using zero-valent iron composite supported by surfactant-modified zeolites.
Water Sci. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 10-30-2014
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Zero-valent iron (ZVI) was immobilized onto surfactant-modified zeolites (SMZ) using calcium alginate. Scanning electron microscopy showed that ZVI powder was uniformly immobilized on the surface of the SMZ. The added ZVI powder resulted in enhanced dichromate removal efficiency and the heterogeneous surface of the composite. The adsorption of dichromate onto the ZVI-SMZ composites fitted well to a pseudo-second-order model and the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The maximum dichromate adsorption capacity of the composite was 2.49 mg/g at the temperature of 293 K. Higher removal efficiency was obtained at pH lower than 7. X-ray photoelectron spectrometry revealed that the composites combined the strong reductive quality of ZVI and superior adsorption of SMZ.
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[Effects of allitridi capsules on endothelial function and clinical prognosis in coronary artery disease patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-22-2014
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To explore the effects of allitridi capsules on endothelial function and clinical prognosis in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS).
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Optimal structure of light trapping in thin-film solar cells: dielectric nanoparticles or multilayer antireflection coatings?
Appl Opt
PUBLISHED: 10-17-2014
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Recent research has found an alternative way to enhance light trapping of thin-film solar cells by using dielectric nanoparticles deposited on the cell surface. To improve the performance of light trapping, a systematic study on the influence of dielectric nanoparticles on enhancement efficiency is performed in this paper. We prove that the optimal dielectric nanoparticles are substantially equivalent to the multilayer antireflection coatings (ARCs) with a "low-high-low" dielectric constant profile. Moreover, it is demonstrated that the use of a simple two-layer SiO2/SiC ARC can reach 34.15% enhancement, which has exceeded the ideal limit of 32% of nanoparticles structure including plasmonic Ag nanoparticles, dielectric SiC, and TiO2 nanoparticles. That means the optimal multilayer ARCs structure is obviously superior to the optimal dielectric nanoparticles structure, and the deposition of a simple two-layer SiO2/SiC structure on top of a thin-film silicon solar cell can significantly enhance photoelectron generation and hence, result in superior performance of thin-film solar cells.
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Screening and Identification of Multi-Components in Re Du Ning Injections Using LC/TOF-MS Coupled with UV-Irradiation.
J Chromatogr Sci
PUBLISHED: 10-01-2014
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A high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry-UV-irradiation (HPLC-QTOF-MS-UV) method was established for rapid separation and structural identification of the constituents in Re Du Ning Injections (RDNI). A total of 20 potentially bioactive compounds including 10 caffeoylquinic acids and 10 iridoid glycosides were identified or tentatively characterized in RDNI by comparing their retention times and MS spectra with those of authentic standards or literature data. In particular, UV-irradiation was employed in the identification of the cis/trans isomers of caffeoylquinic acids. Furthermore, each compound was assigned to the individual raw materials (Artemisia annua L., Lonicera japonica Thunb. or Gardenia jasminoides Ellis) present in RDNI. This is the first time that an HPLC-QTOF-MS-UV analytical method has been used for the identification of caffeoylquinic acids in RDNI.
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Evaluation of post-traumatic anosmia with MRI and chemosensory ERPs.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
PUBLISHED: 09-25-2014
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Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and chemosensory event-related potentials (ERPs) are important methods to evaluate olfactory function, but there is lack of study to explore the application of MRI and chemosensory ERPs in the patients with traumatic anosmia. The data of 26 post-traumatic anosmic patients and 21 healthy controls were retrospectively surveyed; olfaction and olfactory pathway of all participants were measured clinically using the T&T olfactometer, the Sniffin' Sticks, chemosensory ERPs and MRI. All patients were anosmic based on complaints and clinical examinations. In five patients, the olfactory bulb volume was significantly lower than control group. In 18 patients, the olfactory sulcus (OS) depth was similar to control group, but all the participants had a deeper right OS (right = 7.79 ± 1.31, left = 7.06 ± 1.44, p < 0.01). Olfactory ERPs (oERPs) could be evoked in 17 patients, but these signals showed longer latencies and lower amplitude than controls in the N1 (latency p < 0.05, amplitude p < 0.01) and P2 (latency p < 0.01, amplitude p < 0.05) waves. Nine traumatic anosmic patients had no identifiable oERPs; most of them had olfactory center injury. Trigeminal ERPs were detected in all anosmic patients and controls; patients had longer latencies for N1 (p < 0.05) and P2 (p < 0.05) waves, while there was no similar change in amplitude. Older subjects had smaller OB volume and OS depth. Closed head injury could induce anosmia; the severity extent, injury site and subsequent consciousness are related to the olfaction. oERP is the gold standard for olfactory subjective examination; MRI could indicate the lesions on the olfactory pathway and reflect the possibility of detectable oERPs.
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Down regulation of Thrombospondin2 predicts poor prognosis in patients with gastric cancer.
Mol. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 09-22-2014
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Thrombospondins (THBSs) are a family of multidomain and secreted matricellular Ca(2+)-binding glycoproteins which has at least five members encoded by independent genes. As a THBSs family member, Thrombospondin2 (THBS2) has been reported to regulate angiogenesis. Nevertheless, the functions and clinical significance of THBS2 still remains unclear in gastric cancer.
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Effect of Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma Tumor Microenvironment on the CD105(+) Endothelial Cell Proteome.
J. Proteome Res.
PUBLISHED: 09-19-2014
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In lung cancer, antiangiogenic treatment targeting tumor endothelial cells (ECs) provides a survival advantage. To fully elucidate the behavior of ECs in a tumor microenvironment, high-purity (>98%) normal, paratumor-, and tumor-derived CD105(+) ECs were purified from lung squamous cell carcinoma by incubating cells with anti-CD105 antibody-coated magnetic beads. These cells exhibited typical EC characteristics. Totally, 1765 proteins were identified with high confidence by isobaric stable isotope tags and two-dimensional LC/MS/MS (iTRAQ-2DLC/MS/MS). In particular, 178 and 162 proteins were differentially expressed in paratumor- and tumor-derived ECs, respectively, compared to normal ECs. The up- and down-regulation trends showed good interassay correlation. Using gene ontology, they were classified into genes involved in major reprogramming of cellular metabolic processes, oxidative stress response, redox homeostasis, apoptosis, and platelet degranulation/activation. Moreover, tumor angiogenesis-initiating ECs appeared to acquire distinct properties. For example, cell migration and regulation of smooth muscle cell migration of paratumor-derived ECs were significantly faster than that of normal and tumor-derived ECs. Among them, two migration-associated proteins, neuropilin 1 and platelet-derived growth factor receptor ? predominantly expressed in ECs of paratumor from 16 patients with lung squamous cell carcinoma, were identified as potential biomarkers for antiangiogenic therapy.
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Gray matter volume reduction of olfactory cortices in patients with idiopathic olfactory loss.
Chem. Senses
PUBLISHED: 09-18-2014
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Idiopathic olfactory loss (IOL) is a common olfactory disorder. Little is known about the pathophysiology of this disease. Previous studies demonstrated decreased olfactory bulb (OB) volume in IOL patients when compared with controls. The aim of our study was to investigate structural brain alterations in areas beyond the OB. We acquired T1-weighted magnetic resonance images from 16 patients with IOL and from 16 age- and sex-matched controls on a 3T scanner. Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) was performed using VBM8 toolbox and SPM8 in a Matlab environment. Psychophysical testing confirmed that patients had higher scores for Toyota and Takagi olfactometer and lower scores for Sniffin' Sticks olfactory test than controls (t = 46.9, P < 0.001 and t = 21.4, P < 0.001, respectively), consistent with olfactory dysfunction. There was a significant negative correlation between the 2 olfactory tests (r = -0.6, P = 0.01). In a volume of interest analysis including primary and secondary olfactory areas, we found patients with IOL to exhibit gray matter volume loss in the orbitofrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, insular cortex, parahippocampal cortex, and the piriform cortex. The present study indicates that changes in the central brain structures proximal to the OB occur in IOL. Further investigations of this phenomenon may be helpful to elucidate the etiology of IOL.
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Complete Genome Sequence of Feline Calicivirus Strain HRB-SS from a Cat in Heilongjiang Province, Northeastern China.
Genome Announc
PUBLISHED: 09-04-2014
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Here, we report the complete genome sequence of feline calicivirus (FCV) strain HRB-SS isolated in 2014 from a cat in Heilongjiang Province of northeastern China. The virus genome is 7,705 bases, excluding the poly(A) tail. This analysis will help to understand the genetic characteristics and evolution of FCV in China.
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Leptomeningeal metastases from a primary central nervous system melanoma: a case report and literature review.
World J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 08-20-2014
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Primary central nervous system (CNS) melanoma is a type of rare and aggressive tumor that can easily spread to the leptomeninges, and in fact, leptomeningeal metastasis is one of the most serious complications in patients with this carcinoma. Prognosis is extremely poor if a CNS melanoma has metastasized, and there are no effective treatments. Here, we present a case of a 37-year-old woman who presented with horizontal diplopia and progressive headache. Magnetic resonance imaging findings were consistent with the diagnosis of melanoma. The results of cytological examination of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) showed malignant cells characteristic of melanoma. No extracranial lesions were observed. All of the available evidence confirmed a diagnosis of leptomeningeal metastases from a primary CNS melanoma. The patient received aggressive treatment, which consisted of concurrent radiotherapy and weekly intra-CSF methotrexate (MTX) followed by adjuvant monthly intra-CSF MTX. Her survival time was 13 months after diagnosis. This case report suggests that the modality of concurrent radiotherapy and weekly intra-CSF MTX followed by adjuvant monthly intra-CSF MTX may be used as the mainstay of treatment for such patients.
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Dithienobenzothiadiazole-based conjugated polymer: processing solvent-relied interchain aggregation and device performances in field-effect transistors and polymer solar cells.
Macromol Rapid Commun
PUBLISHED: 08-17-2014
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DTfBT-Th3 , a new conjugated polymer based on dithienobenzothiadiazole and terthiophene, possesses a bandgap of ?1.86 eV and a HOMO level of -5.27 eV. Due to strong interchain aggregation, DTfBT-Th3 can not be well dissolved in chloro-benzene (CB) and o-dichlorobenzene (DCB) at room temperature (RT), but the polymer can be processed from hot CB and DCB solutions of ?100 °C. In CB, with a lower solvation ability, a certain polymer chain aggregation can be preserved, even in hot solution. DTfBT-Th3 displays a field-effect hole mobility of 0.55 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) when fabricated from hot CB solution, which is higher than that of the device processed from hot DCB (0.16 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) ). In DTfBT-Th3 -based polymer solar cells, a good power conversion efficiency from 5.37% to 6.67% can be achieved with 150-300 nm thick active layers casted from hot CB solution, while the highest efficiency for hot DCB-processed solar cells is only 5.07%. The results demonstrate that using a solvent with a lower solvation ability, as a "wet control" process, is beneficial to preserve strong interchain aggregation of a conjugated polymer during solution processing, showing great potential to improve its performances in optoelectronic devices.
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Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion in patients with aquaporin-4 antibody.
J. Neurol.
PUBLISHED: 07-25-2014
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The objective of this study was to analyze the frequency of syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) in patients with positive aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibodies and evaluate the relationship between SIADH and hypothalamic lesions in patients with NMO and NMO spectrum disorder (NMOSD). AQP4 antibodies were tested by an indirect immunofluorescence assay employing HEK-293 cells transfected with recombinant human AQP4. Clinical data of patients were analyzed retrospectively. In total, 192 patients with AQP4 antibodies were certified, of which 41 patients (21.4 %) were included in the present study. Six patients (14.6 %, 6/41) met the criteria of SIADH, of which hyponatremia was mild in one patient, and severe in five. Five patients experienced confusion or decreased consciousness. Four patients were diagnosed with NMO and two were diagnosed with recurrent optic neuritis. Magnetic resonance imaging showed 11 of 41 patients (26.8 %) had hypothalamic lesions. All patients with SIADH had hypothalamic abnormalities. Hyponatremia resolved in all patients after intravenous methylprednisolone and intravenous immunoglobulin therapy. SIADH is not rare in patients with NMO/NMOSD, especially in patients with lesions close to the hypothalamus.
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Synthesis and evaluation of the anticancer activity of albiziabioside A and its analogues as apoptosis inducers against human melanoma cells.
Org. Biomol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2014
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We have efficiently synthesized albiziabioside A (1) together with its six disaccharide analogues through a linear synthesis, and evaluated their cytotoxicity against six different skin cancer cells. All of the analogues showed weak cytotoxicity, with the exception of compound 1, which exhibited strong cytotoxicity against A375 cells. Albiziabioside A can induce cell cycle arrest in both the S and G2/M phases. Moreover, albiziabioside A can induce A375 cell apoptosis via mitochondrial pathways involving a caspase cascade. These results provide for the first time a basic mechanism for the anticancer activity of 1.
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Traffic congestion in interconnected complex networks.
Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys
PUBLISHED: 06-25-2014
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Traffic congestion in isolated complex networks has been investigated extensively over the last decade. Coupled network models have recently been developed to facilitate further understanding of real complex systems. Analysis of traffic congestion in coupled complex networks, however, is still relatively unexplored. In this paper, we try to explore the effect of interconnections on traffic congestion in interconnected Barabási-Albert scale-free networks. We find that assortative coupling can alleviate traffic congestion more readily than disassortative and random coupling when the node processing capacity is allocated based on node usage probability. Furthermore, the optimal coupling probability can be found for assortative coupling. However, three types of coupling preferences achieve similar traffic performance if all nodes share the same processing capacity. We analyze interconnected Internet autonomous-system-level graphs of South Korea and Japan and obtain similar results. Some practical suggestions are presented to optimize such real-world interconnected networks accordingly.
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Structural insights into yeast histone chaperone Hif1: a scaffold protein recruiting protein complexes to core histones.
Biochem. J.
PUBLISHED: 06-21-2014
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Yeast Hif1 [Hat1 (histone acetyltransferase 1)-interacting factor], a homologue of human NASP (nuclear autoantigenic sperm protein), is a histone chaperone that is involved in various protein complexes which modify histones during telomeric silencing and chromatin reassembly. For elucidating the structural basis of Hif1, in the present paper we demonstrate the crystal structure of Hif1 consisting of a superhelixed TPR (tetratricopeptide repeat) domain and an extended acid loop covering the rear of TPR domain, which represent typical characteristics of SHNi-TPR [Sim3 (start independent of mitosis 3)-Hif1-NASP interrupted TPR] proteins. Our binding assay indicates that Hif1 could bind to the histone octamer via histones H3 and H4. The acid loop is shown to be crucial for the binding of histones and may also change the conformation of the TPR groove. By binding to the core histone complex Hif1 may recruit functional protein complexes to modify histones during chromatin reassembly.
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A review of EPAP nasal device therapy for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
Sleep Breath
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2014
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Expiratory positive airway pressure (EPAP) nasal devices provide a new therapeutic option for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).
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LncRNA and mRNA interaction study based on transcriptome profiles reveals potential core genes in the pathogenesis of human glioblastoma multiforme.
J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 06-09-2014
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To study the expression profiles of lncRNA and mRNA in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and to find potential core genes in the pathogenesis of this high malignant disease.
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Antitumor action of a novel histone deacetylase inhibitor, YF479, in breast cancer.
Neoplasia
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2014
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Accumulating evidence demonstrates important roles for histone deacetylase in tumorigenesis (HDACs), highlighting them as attractive targets for antitumor drug development. Histone deactylase inhibitors (HDACIs), which have shown favorable anti-tumor activity with low toxicity in clinical investigations, are a promising class of anticancer therapeutics. Here, we screened our compound library to explore small molecules that possess anti-HDAC activity and identified a novel HDACI, YF479. Suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), which was the first approved HDAC inhibitor for clinical treatment by the FDA, was as positive control in our experiments. We further demonstrated YF479 abated cell viability, suppressed colony formation and tumor cell motility in vitro. To investigate YF479 with superior pharmacodynamic properties, we developed spontaneous and experimental breast cancer animal models. Our results showed YF479 significantly inhibited breast tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. Further study indicated YF479 suppressed both early and end stages of metastatic progression. Subsequent adjuvant chemotherapy animal experiment revealed the elimination of local-regional recurrence (LRR) and distant metastasis by YF479. More important, YF479 remarkably prolonged the survival of tumor-bearing mice. Intriguingly, YF479 displayed more potent anti-tumor activity in vitro and in vivo compared with SAHA. Together, our results suggest that YF479, a novel HDACI, inhibits breast tumor growth, metastasis and recurrence. In light of these results, YF479 may be an effective therapeutic option in clinical trials for patients burdened by breast cancer.
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[Isolation of Borrelia burgdorferi in ixodes from four counties, in North Xinjiang].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2014
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To identify ticks and determine the Borrelia (B.) burgdorferi genotype from four counties of northern Xinjiang.
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The expression of SALL4 in patients with gliomas: high level of SALL4 expression is correlated with poor outcome.
J. Neurooncol.
PUBLISHED: 05-05-2014
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The spalt-like transcription factor 4 (SALL4) gene has been demonstrated to be overexpressed in many malignancies, but little is known about its expression in gliomas. To explore the expression of SALL4 in patients with gliomas and the relationship between SALL4 expression and clinicopathologic characteristics, qPCR and immunohistochemical staining were used to investigate the SALL4 expression level in 54 glioma specimens and seven normal brain tissues. In vitro, siRNAs against SALL4 in U251 cell line were constructed and cell proliferation was evaluated by CCK8 assay. The SALL4 expression level in glioma was significantly higher than that in normal brain tissues (P < 0.05). Both qPCR and immunohistochemical analysis found that the expression of SALL4 was tightly correlated with glioma pathology grade (P < 0.05). Analysis using glioma and normal brain tissues revealed that SALL4 was positively proportionated to glioma cell differentiation with high sensitivity (92.59 %) and specificity (85.71 %). Survival analysis indicated the SALL4 expression was an independent prognostic factor. High level of SALL4 expression was correlated with poor outcome in patients with gliomas. This result agreed with the negative correlation between SALL4 expression and overall survival period obtaining in GBM patients from the cancer genome atlas database. The CCK8 experiments demonstrated SALL4 could significantly inhibit cell proliferation in U251 cell line (P < 0.05). The findings of the current study indicated that the SALL4 may play an important role in progression, development and maintenance of glioma.
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Au(I)-catalyzed triple bond alkoxylation/dienolether aromaticity-driven cascade cyclization to naphthalenes.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 05-01-2014
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A novel strategy for the synthesis of multisubstituted naphthalenes was developed via a Au(i)-catalyzed alkyne alkoxylation/dienolether aromaticity-driven cascade cyclization using 1,5-enyne substrates. The functional group toleration was examined by synthesizing a series of substrates and the mechanism was also studied based on intermediates isolated through deuterium labeling experiments.
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Mutation analysis of the IL36RN gene in Chinese patients with generalized pustular psoriasis with/without psoriasis vulgaris.
J. Dermatol. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2014
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Generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) is a rare type of psoriasis with potentially life-threatening implications. Mutations in IL36RN gene have been suggested to be causative or predisposing factors for GPP.
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[Three-dimensional reconstruction of individual hepatic veins and portal veins system in hepatectomy].
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-05-2014
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To study the imaging characteristics and variations of individual digitized hepatic vein and portal vein which were reconstructed by medical image three-dimensional visualization system (MI-3DVS), assess the value of MI-3DVS assisted hepatectomy.
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Optimizing low loss negative index metamaterial for visible spectrum using differential evolution: reply.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2014
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We reply to the comment written by Aslam and Güney on our previous paper, Zhao et al. [Opt. Express 19(12), 11605-11614 (2011)]. We maintain that the proposed implementation of the DE algorithm for NIMs optimization in our work is correct, and the mentioned ambiguities in the comment due to the existence of multiple branches for n' in the retrieval procedure have been considered and eliminated by using the proposed robust retrieval method. Furthermore, the FOM of 15.2 for the DE-designed optimal fishnet structure reported in our work is reasonable for ideal fabrication conditions.
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Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of Gos1p, a yeast SNARE protein.
Acta Crystallogr F Struct Biol Commun
PUBLISHED: 03-24-2014
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The Gos1 protein (Golgi SNAP receptor complex member 1) is involved in the SNARE complex, which is the core machinery that drives membrane fusion between cargo-carrying vesicles and their target membranes in the secretory and endocytic pathways in yeast. Truncated versions of the Gos1 protein from Saccharomyces cerevisiae were cloned, expressed, purified and crystallized. The crystal belonged to space group P2?2?2?, with unit-cell parameters a=39.67, b=43.58, c=81.94?Å, ?=?=?=90°. An X-ray diffraction data set was collected at 100?K to 1.63?Å resolution. Matthews coefficient (VM) calculations suggest that one molecule is present in the asymmetric unit, corresponding to a solvent content of ?55%.
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The effect of nasal structure on olfactory function in patients with OSA.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
PUBLISHED: 03-14-2014
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The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between nasal structure and olfactory function in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Olfaction and nasal structure of 76 adults with OSA diagnosed by polysomnography were measured using acoustic rhinometry and the Sniffin, Sticks (SS) smell test at Anzhen Hospital, a major academic center in Beijing, China. We tested the hypothesis that nasal structure in these patients would correlate with objectively measured olfactory performance. Minimum cross-sectional area (MCA) of the nose was significantly correlated with SS composite score (r = 0.434, p < 0.001), a result that was driven by two of the test's three components: olfactory threshold (OT) (r = 0.385, p = 0.001) and olfactory discrimination (OD) (r = 0.370, p = 0.001) but not olfactory identification (OI) (p > 0.05). Additionally, nasal volume (NV) was associated with composite SS score (r = 0.350, p = 0.002), a finding driven by OT (r = 0.283, p = 0.014). These data suggest that nasal structure affects parameters of olfactory function, likely via alterations in nasal airflow. Thus, anatomic abnormalities and diseases involving airflow (such as OSA) may cause, in part, olfactory dysfunction that is amenable to treatment. We speculate that surgery that alters nasal volume and MCA may improve olfactory performance.
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Time-Course of the Effects of QSYQ in Promoting Heart Function in Ameroid Constrictor-Induced Myocardial Ischemia Pigs.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med
PUBLISHED: 03-09-2014
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We aim to investigate the therapeutic effects of QSYQ on a pig myocardial ischemia (MI) model and to determine its mechanism of action. The MI model was induced by Ameroid constriction of the left anterior descending coronary (LAD) in Ba-Ma miniature pigs. Four groups were created: model group, digoxin group, QSYQ group, and sham-operated group. Heart function, Ang II, CGMP, TXB2, BNP, and cTnT were evaluated before (3 weeks after operation: 0 weeks) and at 2, 4, and 8 weeks after drug administration. After 8 weeks of administration, the pigs were sacrificed for cardiac injury measurements. Pigs with MI showed obvious histological changes, including BNP, cTnT, Ang II, CGRP, TXB2, and ET, deregulated heart function, and increased levels of apoptotic cells in myocardial tissue. Treatment with QSYQ improved cardiac remodeling by counteracting those events. The administration of QSYQ was accompanied by a restoration of heart function and of the levels of Ang II, CGRP, TXB2, ET BNP, and cTnT. In addition, QSYQ attenuated administration, reduced the apoptosis, and decreased the level of TNF- ? and active caspase-3. In conclusion, administration of QSYQ could attenuate Ameroid constrictor induced myocardial ischemia, and TNF- ? and active caspase-3 seemed to be the critical potential target of QSYQ.
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Development of a cell-based assay for the detection of anti-aquaporin 1 antibodies in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders.
J. Neuroimmunol.
PUBLISHED: 03-08-2014
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To develop a cell-based assay (CBA) to detect aquaporin 1 (AQP1) antibodies and determine sensitivity/specificity in patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) spectrum disorders.
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Genetic variants in human leukocyte antigen-DP influence both hepatitis C virus persistence and hepatitis C virus F protein generation in the Chinese Han population.
Int J Mol Sci
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2014
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Chronic hepatitis C is a serious liver disease that often results in cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. The aim of this study was to assess the association of human leukocyte antigen-DP (HLA-DP) variants with risk of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) or anti-F antibody generation. We selected two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a region including HLA-DPA1 (rs3077) and HLA-DPB1 (rs9277534) and genotyped SNPs in 702 cases and 342 healthy controls from the Chinese population using TaqMan SNP genotyping assay. Moreover, the exon 2 of the HLA-DPA1 and HLA-DPB1 genes were amplified and determined by sequencing-based typing (SBT). The results showed that rs3077 significantly increased the risk of chronic HCV infection in additive models and dominant models (odds ratio (OR) = 1.32 and 1.53). The rs3077 also contributed to decrease the risk of anti-F antibody generation in additive models and dominant models (OR = 0.46 and 0.56). Subsequent analyses revealed the risk haplotypes (DPA1*0103-DPB1*0501 and DPA1*0103-DPB1*0201) and protective haplotypes (DPA1*0202-DPB1*0501 and DPA1*0202-DPB1*0202) to chronic HCV infection. Moreover, we also found that the haplotype of DPA1*0103-DPB1*0201 and DPA1*0202-DPB1*0202 were associated with the anti-F antibody generation. Our findings show that genetic variants in HLA-DP gene are associated with chronic HCV infection and anti-F antibody generation.
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The RNA binding of protein A from Wuhan nodavirus is mediated by mitochondrial membrane lipids.
Virology
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2014
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RNA replication of positive-strand (+)RNA viruses requires the lipids present in intracellular membranes, the sites of which viral replicases associate with. However, the direct effects of membrane lipids on viral replicases are still poorly understood. Wuhan nodavirus (WhNV) protein A, which associates with mitochondrial membranes, is the sole replicase required for RNA replication. Here, we report that WhNV protein A binds to RNA1 in a cooperative manner. Moreover, mitochondrial membrane lipids (MMLs) stimulated the RNA binding activity and cooperativity of protein A, and such stimulations exhibited strong selectivity for distinct phospholipids. Interestingly, MMLs stimulated the RNA-binding cooperativity only at higher protein A concentrations. Further investigation showed that MMLs stimulate the RNA binding of protein A by promoting its self-interaction. Finally, manipulating MML metabolism affected the protein A-induced RNA1 recruitment in cells. Together, our findings reveal the direct effects of membrane lipids on the RNA binding activity of a nodaviral replicase.
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Pharmacokinetics of pilsicainide hydrochloride for injection in healthy Chinese volunteers: a randomized, parallel-group, open-label, single-dose study.
Clin Ther
PUBLISHED: 01-27-2014
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Pilsicainide hydrochloride is a class IC antiarrhythmic agent used for the treatment of supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias and atrial fibrillation.
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Leptomeningeal metastasis from hepatocellular carcinoma with other unusual metastases: a case report.
BMC Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-26-2014
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Leptomeningeal metastasis, which results from metastasis of tumors to the arachnoid and pia mater, can lead to the dissemination of tumor cells throughout the subarachnoid space via the cerebral spinal fluid, and frequently with a poor prognosis. The primary tumor in adults is most often breast cancer, lung cancer, or melanoma. Although leptomeningeal metastasis due to cholangiocarcinoma has been reported, to the best of our knowledge there is no cytologically confirmed report of leptomeningeal metastasis from hepatocellular carcinoma.
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Lack of association of IGFBP-3 gene polymorphisms with colorectal cancer: evidence from 17,380 subjects.
Mol. Biol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2014
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Published data on the association of IGFBP-3 gene polymorphisms with colorectal cancer (CRC) are inconclusive. We conducted a meta-analysis to derive a precise estimation of the association. A literature search that included PubMed, EMBASE, Elsevier Science Direct and China National Knowledge Infrastructure was conducted to identify studies up to October 15, 2013. Summary odds ratios (ORs) and 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CIs) for IGFBP-3 gene polymorphisms and CRC were calculated in a fixed effect model or a random effect model. We identified 10 separate studies including 7,000 cases and 10,380 controls using search. Meta-analysis was performed for two IGFBP-3 gene polymorphisms (rs2854744 and rs2854746). We found no association between IGFBP-3 gene rs2854744 polymorphism and CRC (P > 0.05). Similar result was observed between rs2854746 polymorphism and CRC (P > 0.05). This meta-analysis demonstrates that there is no association of IGFBP-3 gene rs2854744 and rs2854746 polymorphisms with CRC risk.
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Immune activities comparison of polysaccharide and polysaccharide-protein complex from Lycium barbarum L.
Int. J. Biol. Macromol.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2014
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Lycium barbarum L., known as wolfberry, is an important Chinese herbal medicine. In the research, we purified water-soluble polysaccharide-protein complex (LBPF4) and polysaccharide (LBPF4-OL) from the fruiting bodies of L. barbarum L. The monosaccharide and amino acid composition of LBPF4 and LBPF4-OL was elucidated with fractional acid hydrolization, GC/MC and NMR techniques. LBPF4-OL molecular weight was 181 kDa, as determined by high-performance gel-permeation chromatography (HPGPC). In vitro assay, we found that LBPF4 induced splenocyte proliferations depended on both B cells and T cells, but LBPF4-OL induced splenocyte proliferations mainly depended on B cells. ELISA results showed that both LBPF4 and LBPF4-OL significantly induced TNF-?, IL-1? and NO production on macrophage. We also found that both LBPF4 and LBPF4-OL can enhance macrophage phagocytosis. Furthermore, electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) studies suggest that LBPF4 100 ?g/ml treatment can more effectively increase NF-?B activity than LBPF4-OL. Taken together, our results demonstrate that LBPF4 can enhance T, B cells and macrophages functions, but LBPF4-OL can only enhance B cells and macrophage functions. This is partly due to LBPF4 being able to more significantly enhance lymphocytes NF-?B activity.
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Suppression of stromal interaction molecule 1 inhibits SMMC7721 hepatocellular carcinoma cell proliferation by inducing cell cycle arrest.
Biotechnol. Appl. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 01-04-2014
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Stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1), a endoplasmic reticulum luminal Ca(2+) sensor, activates Ca(2+) -release-activated Ca(2+) channels and migrates from the Ca(2+) store to the plasma membrane. Recently, STIM1 was shown be critical for the progression of several cancers, including breast cancer and cervical cancer. However, its role in hepatocellular carcinoma remains unknown until now. This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of STIM1 on the growth of hepatocellular cancer. Lentivirus-mediated shRNA targeting STIM1 was transduced into SMMC7721 cells to knock down STIM1 expression. Knockdown of STIM1 significantly inhibited cell proliferation and colony forming ability, and arrested the cell cycle at G0/G1 phase. Moreover, the DNA synthesis progression was also decreased. Furthermore, lentiviral vector-mediated overexpression of STIM1 promoted the proliferation of SMMC7721 cells. Our findings suggest that STIM1 may play an important role in the development of hepatocellular cancer and may be a potential target for targeted therapy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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Genetic analysis of the ATP1B4 gene in Chinese Han patients with Parkinson's disease.
Mol. Biol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 01-04-2014
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Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease characterized clinically by bradykinesia, resting tremor, rigidity and postural instability. Mutations in the ATPase 13A2 gene were found to be the causes for the Kufor-Rakeb syndrome, a rare form of recessively inherited atypical juvenile parkinsonism. The ATPase Na(+)/K(+) transporting beta 4 polypeptide gene (ATP1B4) is located within a 19-centimorgen region of the PARK12 near the marker DXS1001 and it encodes a protein named ?m, a member of P-type ATPases ?-subunit family. To determine whether mutations in the ATP1B4 gene are associated with PD, we screened the coding region of this gene in 100 Chinese Han patients with PD. A known single nucleotide variant rs2072452 (c.143T > C), predicted to lead to amino acid substitution (p.Val48Ala), was identified. Extended analysis of 202 patients with PD and 400 gender, age, and ethnicity matched healthy controls showed no significant differences between patients and control subjects for genotypic and allelic distributions (P = 0.638 for genotypic distribution; P = 0.685 for allelic distribution in females and P = 0.303 for allelic distribution in males), suggesting the variant in the coding region of the ATP1B4 gene may play little or no role in the development of PD in Chinese Han population.
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Life without Oxygen: Gene Regulatory Responses of the Crucian Carp (Carassius carassius) Heart Subjected to Chronic Anoxia.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Crucian carp are unusual among vertebrates in surviving extended periods in the complete absence of molecular oxygen. During this time cardiac output is maintained though these mechanisms are not well understood. Using a high-density cDNA microarray, we have defined the genome-wide gene expression responses of cardiac tissue after exposing the fish at two temperatures (8 and 13°C) to one and seven days of anoxia, followed by seven days after restoration to normoxia. At 8°C, using a false discovery rate of 5%, neither anoxia nor re-oxygenation elicited appreciable changes in gene expression. By contrast, at 13°C, 777 unique genes responded strongly. Up-regulated genes included those involved in protein turnover, the pentose phosphate pathway and cell morphogenesis while down-regulated gene categories included RNA splicing and transcription. Most genes were affected between one and seven days of anoxia, indicating gene regulation over the medium term but with few early response genes. Re-oxygenation for 7 days was sufficient to completely reverse these responses. Glycolysis displayed more complex responses with anoxia up-regulated transcripts for the key regulatory enzymes, hexokinase and phosphofructokinase, but with down-regulation of most of the non-regulatory genes. This complex pattern of responses in genomic transcription patterns indicates divergent cardiac responses to anoxia, with the transcriptionally driven reprogramming of cardiac function seen at 13°C being largely completed at 8°C.
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Maytansine-loaded star-shaped folate-core PLA-TPGS nanoparticles enhancing anticancer activity.
Am J Transl Res
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The efficient delivery of therapeutic molecule agents into target cells of interest is a critical challenge to broad application of non-viral vector systems. In this research, maytansine-loaded star-shaped folate-core polylactide-D-?-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (FA-PLA-TPGS) block copolymer was applied to be a vector of maytansine for folate receptor positive (FR(+)) breast cancer therapy. The uptake of maytansine nanoparticles by SKBR3 cells were observed by fluorescence microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy. The cell viability of maytansine-NPs in SKBR3 cells was assessed according to the changed level of intracellular microtubules and apoptosis-associated proteins. The cytotoxicity of the SKBR3 cells was significantly increased by maytansine-NPs when compared with control groups. In conclusion, the maytansine-NPs offer a considerable potential formulation for FR-expressing tumor targeting biotherapy.
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A direct real-time polymerase chain reaction assay for rapid high-throughput detection of highly pathogenic North American porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus in China without RNA purification.
J Anim Sci Biotechnol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), and particularly its highly pathogenic genotype (HP-PRRSV), have caused massive economic losses to the global swine industry.
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Link prediction in complex networks: a mutual information perspective.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Topological properties of networks are widely applied to study the link-prediction problem recently. Common Neighbors, for example, is a natural yet efficient framework. Many variants of Common Neighbors have been thus proposed to further boost the discriminative resolution of candidate links. In this paper, we reexamine the role of network topology in predicting missing links from the perspective of information theory, and present a practical approach based on the mutual information of network structures. It not only can improve the prediction accuracy substantially, but also experiences reasonable computing complexity.
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Serum thyroid-stimulating hormone and anti-thyroglobulin antibody are independently associated with lesions in spinal cord in central nervous system demyelinating diseases.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Transverse myelitis (TM) is associated with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and multiple sclerosis (MS). Early recognition of useful parameters may be helpful to distinguish their difference. This retrospective study analyzed thyroid parameters from 243 serum samples (relapse = 128; remission = 115) of 178 patients with demyelinating diseases (NMO, n = 25; TM, n = 48; MS, n = 105). The relationship between thyroid and clinical parameters was analyzed. Patients with NMO and TM had a higher frequency of abnormal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), anti-thyroglobulin antibodies (TG-Ab), and antithyroid peroxidase antibody (TPO-Ab) than MS patients (p<0.05). The level of TSH and TG-Ab returned to normal levels after administration of high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone (p<0.05). In 96 patients (NMO, n = 19; TM, n = 25; MS, n = 52) without treatment, serum levels of TSH, TG-Ab and TPO-Ab were significantly different between patients with and without myelitis (p<0.01). Patients positive for aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibodies showed higher abnormalities of TSH (p = 0.001), TG-Ab (p = 0.004) and TPO-Ab (p<0.0001) levels than AQP4 antibodies negative patients. Logistic regression analyses revealed independent relationships between TSH (odds ratio [OR] ?= 33.994; p<0.0001), TG-Ab (OR = 7.703; p = 0.017) and myelitis occurrence in 96 patients at the active stage. In 52 MS patients experiencing their first attack, MS patients with myelitis were associated with TSH abnormalities (OR = 42.778; p<0.0001). This study showed increased abnormalities of thyroid parameters in patients with NMO and TM than in MS patients. MS patients with myelitis also had greater TSH abnormality than in MS patients without myelitis. Abnormal TSH and TG-Ab were independently associated with myelitis occurrence in central nervous system demyelinating disorders.
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Association between sleep quality and C-reactive protein: results from national health and nutrition examination survey, 2005-2008.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Our objective was to explore the association between poor sleep quality and hs_CRP in an adult U.S. population.
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Concurrent measurement of dynamic changes in viral load, serum enzymes, T cell subsets, and cytokines in patients with severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infection caused by a novel Bunyavirus. Analysis on the dynamic changes of clinical, laboratory, and immunological abnormalities associated with SFTS in a concurrent study is lacking. Thirty-three SFTS patients were admitted to Jiangsu People's Hospital, Nanjing, China, and diagnosis was made based on the clinical symptoms and positive viral RNA detected by RT-PCR. Four patients deceased and twenty-nine survived. Blood samples were collected every other day between Day 5 and Day 15 from the onset of fever. Samples from healthy volunteers were used as normal controls. Peak viral RNA load, serum enzymes, IL-6, and IL-10 were significantly higher in deceased patients compared to survivors. Viral load, serum enzymes, and cytokines declined in survivors within 2 weeks from onset of fever. CD69+ T cells were elevated early after infection while HLA-DR+ and CTLA4+ T cells were elevated during the recovery phase of those who survived. High level SFTSV viral load was concurrently observed with reduced PLT, elevated serum enzymes, elevated pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines, and activation of CD69+ T cells. The degree and pattern of changes in these parameters may indicate the clinical outcome in SFTSV-infected patients.
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The self-interaction of a nodavirus replicase is enhanced by mitochondrial membrane lipids.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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RNA replication of positive-strand (+)RNA viruses requires the protein-protein interactions among viral replicases and the association of viral replicases with intracellular membranes. Protein A from Wuhan nodavirus (WhNV), which closely associate with mitochondrial membranes, is the sole replicase required for viral RNA replication. Here, we studied the direct effects of mitochondrial membrane lipids (MMLs) on WhNV protein A activity in vitro. Our investigations revealed the self-interaction of WhNV protein A is accomplished via two different patterns (i.e., homotypic and heterotypic self-interactions via different interfaces). MMLs stimulated the protein A self-interaction, and this stimulation exhibited selectivity for specific phospholipids. Moreover, we found that specific phospholipids differently favor the two self-interaction patterns. Furthermore, manipulating specific phospholipid metabolism affected protein A self-interaction and the activity of protein A to replicate RNA in cells. Taken together, our findings reveal the direct effects of membrane lipids on a nodaviral RNA replicase.
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Flock house virus RNA polymerase initiates RNA synthesis de novo and possesses a terminal nucleotidyl transferase activity.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Flock House virus (FHV) is a positive-stranded RNA virus with a bipartite genome of RNAs, RNA1 and RNA2, and belongs to the family Nodaviridae. As the most extensively studied nodavirus, FHV has become a well-recognized model for studying various aspects of RNA virology, particularly viral RNA replication and antiviral innate immunity. FHV RNA1 encodes protein A, which is an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) and functions as the sole viral replicase protein responsible for RNA replication. Although the RNA replication of FHV has been studied in considerable detail, the mechanism employed by FHV protein A to initiate RNA synthesis has not been determined. In this study, we characterized the RdRP activity of FHV protein A in detail and revealed that it can initiate RNA synthesis via a de novo (primer-independent) mechanism. Moreover, we found that FHV protein A also possesses a terminal nucleotidyl transferase (TNTase) activity, which was able to restore the nucleotide loss at the 3'-end initiation site of RNA template to rescue RNA synthesis initiation in vitro, and may function as a rescue and protection mechanism to protect the 3' initiation site, and ensure the efficiency and accuracy of viral RNA synthesis. Altogether, our study establishes the de novo initiation mechanism of RdRP and the terminal rescue mechanism of TNTase for FHV protein A, and represents an important advance toward understanding FHV RNA replication.
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[Prevalence survey of using characteristics of quality, quantity, origin and composition claims on food labels in China].
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu
PUBLISHED: 11-14-2013
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To understand the using characteristics of quality, quantity, origin and composition claims on food labels in China.
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[Framework construction in China].
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu
PUBLISHED: 11-14-2013
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Through investigating food safety standard framework among food safety experts, to summarize the basic elements and principles of food safety standard system, and provide policy advices for food safety standards framework.
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Calcitriol enhances 5-aminolevulinic acid-induced fluorescence and the effect of photodynamic therapy in human glioma.
Acta Oncol
PUBLISHED: 09-13-2013
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Background. Glioma recurrence frequently occurs close to the marginal area of the surgical cavity as a result of residual infiltrating glioma cells. Fluorescence-guided surgery with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) for resection of gliomas has been used as an effective therapeutic approach to discriminate malignant tissue from brain tissue and to facilitate patient prognosis. ALA-based photodynamic therapy is an effective adjuvant treatment modality for gliomas. However, insufficient protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) accumulation may limit the applicability of fluorescence-guided resection and photodynamic therapy in the marginal areas of gliomas. Methods. To be able to understand how to overcome these issues, human glioma cells and normal astrocytes were used as the model system. Glioma cells and astrocytes were preconditioned with calcitriol for 48 hours and then incubated with ALA. Changes in ALA-induced PpIX fluorescence and cell survival after light exposure were assessed. Furthermore, expression of porphyrin synthetic enzymes in pretreated glioma cells was analyzed. Results. Calcitriol can be administered prior to ALA as a non-toxic preconditioning regimen to significantly enhance ALA-induced PpIX levels and fluorescence. This increase in PpIX level was detected preferentially in glioma versus normal cells. Also, calcitriol pretreated glioma cells exhibited increased cell death following ALA-based photodynamic therapy. Furthermore, mechanistic studies documented that expression of the porphyrin synthesis enzymes coproporphyrinogen oxidase was increased by calcitriol at the mRNA level. Conclusion. We demonstrated for the first time a simple, non-toxic and highly effective preconditioning regimen to selectively enhance PpIX fluorescence and the response of ALA-PDT in glioma cells. This finding suggests that the combined treatment of glioma cells with calcitriol plus ALA may provide an effective and selective therapeutic modality to enhance ALA-induced PpIX fluorescent quality for improving discrimination of tumor tissue and PDT efficacy.
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Characterization of a nodavirus replicase revealed a de novo initiation mechanism of RNA synthesis and terminal nucleotidyltransferase activity.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 09-09-2013
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Nodaviruses are a family of positive-stranded RNA viruses with a bipartite genome of RNAs. In nodaviruses, genomic RNA1 encodes protein A, which is recognized as an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) and functions as the sole viral replicase protein responsible for its RNA replication. Although nodaviral RNA replication has been studied in considerable detail, and nodaviruses are well recognized models for investigating viral RNA replication, the mechanism(s) governing the initiation of nodaviral RNA synthesis have not been determined. In this study, we characterized the RdRP activity of Wuhan nodavirus (WhNV) protein A in detail and determined that this nodaviral protein A initiates RNA synthesis via a de novo mechanism, and this RNA synthesis initiation could be independent of other viral or cellular factors. Moreover, we uncovered that WhNV protein A contains a terminal nucleotidyltransferase (TNTase) activity, which is the first time such an activity has been identified in nodaviruses. We subsequently found that the TNTase activity could function in vitro to repair the 3 initiation site, which may be digested by cellular exonucleases, to ensure the efficiency and accuracy of viral RNA synthesis initiation. Furthermore, we determined the cis-acting elements for RdRP or TNTase activity at the 3-end of positive or negative strand RNA1. Taken together, our data establish the de novo synthesis initiation mechanism and the TNTase activity of WhNV protein A, and this work represents an important advance toward understanding the mechanism(s) of nodaviral RNA replication.
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Bio-inspired synthesis yields a tricyclic indoline that selectively resensitizes methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) to ?-lactam antibiotics.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
PUBLISHED: 09-09-2013
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The continuous emergence of resistant bacteria has become a major worldwide health threat. The current development of new antibacterials has lagged far behind. To discover reagents to fight against resistant bacteria, we initiated a chemical approach by synthesizing and screening a small molecule library, reminiscent of the polycyclic indole alkaloids. Indole alkaloids are a class of structurally diverse natural products, many of which were isolated from plants that have been used as traditional medicine for millennia. Specifically, we adapted an evolutionarily conserved biosynthetic strategy and developed a concise and unified diversity synthesis pathway. Using this pathway, we synthesized 120 polycyclic indolines that contain 26 distinct skeletons and a wide variety of functional groups. A tricyclic indoline, Of1, was discovered to selectively potentiate the activity of ?-lactam antibiotics in multidrug-resistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), but not in methicillin-sensitive S. aureus. In addition, we found that Of1 itself does not have antiproliferative activity but can resensitize several MRSA strains to the ?-lactam antibiotics that are widely used in the clinic, such as an extended-spectrum ?-lactam antibiotic amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and a first-generation cephalosporin cefazolin. These data suggest that Of1 is a unique selective resistance-modifying agent for ?-lactam antibiotics, and it may be further developed to fight against resistant bacteria in the clinic.
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Recycling as a strategy against rare earth element criticality: a systemic evaluation of the potential yield of NdFeB magnet recycling.
Environ. Sci. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2013
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End-of-life recycling is promoted by OECD countries as a promising strategy in the current global supply crisis surrounding rare earth elements (REEs) so that dependence on China, the dominant supplier, can be decreased. So far the feasibility and potential yield of REE recycling has not been systematically evaluated. This paper estimates the annual waste flows of neodymium and dysprosium from permanent magnets, the main deployment of these critical REEs, during the 2011-2030 period. The estimates focus on three key permanent magnet waste flows: wind turbines, hybrid and electric vehicles, and hard disk drives (HDDs) in personal computers (PCs). This is a good indication of the end-of-life recycling of neodymium and dysprosium maximum potential yield. Results show that for some time to come, waste flows from permanent magnets will remain small relative to the rapidly growing global REE demand. Policymakers therefore need to be aware that during the next decade recycling is unlikely to substantially contribute to global REE supply security. In the long term, waste flows will increase sharply and will meet a substantial part of the total demand for these metals. Future REE recycling efforts should, therefore, focus on the development of recycling technology and infrastructure.
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The relationship between malignant and tumor-associated cells provides a new strategy for targeted diagnosis and therapy.
Oncoimmunology
PUBLISHED: 08-25-2013
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Here, we discuss the intimate relationship that exists between malignant and tumor-associated cells, providing a new strategy for targeted diagnosis and therapy via the screening of single-chain antibodies and aptamers that interact with target cells.
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FoxO3a contributes to the reprogramming process and the differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells.
Stem Cells Dev.
PUBLISHED: 08-09-2013
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Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, which are morphologically and functionally similar with embryonic stem (ES) cells, have been successfully generated from somatic cells through defined reprogramming transcription factors. Forkhead class O3a (FoxO3a) has been recently reported to play an important role in the homeostasis and maintenance of certain types of stem cells; however, the role of FoxO3a in the reprogramming process and differentiation of iPS cells remains unclear. In this study, we investigate the function of FoxO3a during the reprogramming process and characterize the properties of iPS cells from FoxO3a-wild type and -null mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs). Our results show that the FoxO3a-null iPS cells are similar to the wild-type iPS cells in the levels of ES cell markers, alkaline phosphatase activity, and formation of teratoma in vivo. The reprogramming process is delayed in the FoxO3a-null MEFs compared to the wild-type MEFs; whereas the overexpression of FoxO3a partially recovers the impaired reprogramming efficiency in the null group. More importantly, FoxO3a deficiency impairs the neuronal lineage differentiation potential of iPS cells in vitro. These results suggest that FoxO3a affects the reprogramming kinetics and the neuronal lineage differentiation potential of the resulting iPS cells. Therefore, this study demonstrates a novel function of FoxO3a in cell reprogramming, which will help the development of alternative strategies for generating iPS cells.
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PTPRO plays a dual role in hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury through feedback activation of NF-?B.
J. Hepatol.
PUBLISHED: 07-17-2013
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Nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B) activation in hepatocytes and macrophages appeared as a double-edged-sword in hepatic ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury. Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type O (PTPRO) was recently identified as a potential activator of c-Src, which can in turn activate the NF-?B pathway. In this study, we aimed to determine the change and function of PTPRO in hepatocytes and macrophages during IR.
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Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of MJ0458, an adenylate kinase from Methanocaldococcus jannaschii.
Acta Crystallogr. Sect. F Struct. Biol. Cryst. Commun.
PUBLISHED: 07-09-2013
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Adenylate kinase plays a very important role in regulating adenylate species in the cell. Methanocaldococcus jannaschii is a rich resource of unique enzymes. Here, MJ0458, an adenylate kinase from M. jannaschii, was crystallized. A set of X-ray diffraction data to 2.70?Å resolution was collected on beamline BL-17U of the Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF). The crystal belonged to space group P4(1)2(1)2 or P4(3)2(1)2. The unit-cell parameters were a = b = 76.18, c = 238.70?Å, ? = ? = ? = 90°.
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A one-step RT-PCR assay to detect and discriminate porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome viruses in clinical specimens.
Gene
PUBLISHED: 06-27-2013
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Outbreaks of highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (HP-PRRSV) have led to large economic losses and, subsequently, have drawn great attention to its diagnosis and prevention. To facilitate rapid discrimination of HP-PRRSV from classical PRRSV (C-PRRSV), we developed a one-step RT-PCR assay. Primer specificities were evaluated with RNA extracted from 8 viral strains and our results revealed that the primers had a high specificity for PRRSV. The assay sensitivity was 25 copies/?L for both HP-PRRSV and C-PRRSV. A total of 929 serum samples were identified, of which 20.45% were HP-PRRSV-positive and 1.51% were C-PRRSV-positive, which was completely consistent with that of immunochromatochemistry and sequencing method. The proposed assay can detect the virus 2 days prior the onset of symptoms and it can be performed in 2h, thereby providing a rapid method to discriminate HP-PRRSV from C-PRRSV for the identification and prevention of PRRSV infections.
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An association study of TOLL and CARD with leprosy susceptibility in Chinese population.
Hum. Mol. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 06-19-2013
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Previous genome-wide association studies (GWASs) identified multiple susceptibility loci that have highlighted the important role of TLR (Toll-like receptor) and CARD (caspase recruitment domain) genes in leprosy. A large three-stage candidate gene-based association study of 30 TLR and 47 CARD genes was performed in the leprosy samples of Chinese Han. Of 4363 SNPs investigated, eight SNPs showed suggestive association (P < 0.01) in our previously published GWAS datasets (Stage 1). Of the eight SNPs, rs2735591 and rs4889841 showed significant association (P < 0.001) in an independent series of 1504 cases and 1502 controls (Stage 2), but only rs2735591 (next to BCL10) showed significant association in the second independent series of 938 cases and 5827 controls (Stage 3). Rs2735591 showed consistent association across the three stages (P > 0.05 for heterogeneity test), significant association in the combined validation samples (Pcorrected = 5.54 × 10(-4) after correction for 4363 SNPs tested) and genome-wide significance in the whole GWAS and validation samples (P = 1.03 × 10(-9), OR = 1.24). In addition, we demonstrated the lower expression of BCL10 in leprosy lesions than normal skins and a significant gene connection between BCL10 and the eight previously identified leprosy loci that are associated with NF?B, a major regulator of downstream inflammatory responses, which provides further biological evidence for the association. We have discovered a novel susceptibility locus on 1p22, which implicates BCL10 as a new susceptibility gene for leprosy. Our finding highlights the important role of both innate and adaptive immune responses in leprosy.
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Tumor imaging and interferon-?-inducible protein-10 gene transfer using a highly efficient transferrin-conjugated liposome system in mice.
Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 06-12-2013
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We have developed a PEGylated transferrin-conjugated liposomes (PTf-Ls) system for the combined tumor imaging and targeted delivery of the IFN-?-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) gene in a single macromolecular construct. Here, we characterize and analyze the use of this system in a mouse model of breast cancer.
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Clinical features of olfactory disorders in patients seeking medical consultation.
Med. Sci. Monit.
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2013
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Olfactory disorders are common complaints in ENT clinics. We investigated causes and relevant features of olfactory disorders and the need for gustatory testing in patients with olfactory dysfunction.
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[Role of T lymphocyte activation in the development of severe fever accompanied by thrombocytopenia syndrome].
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2013
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To explore the effect of peripheral blood T lymphocyte activation on the blood cells, tissue injury and the development of disease in patients with severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS).
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Newly discovered insect RNA viruses in China.
Sci China Life Sci
PUBLISHED: 05-29-2013
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Insects are a group of arthropods and the largest group of animals on Earth, with over one million species described to date. Like other life forms, insects suffer from viruses that cause disease and death. Viruses that are pathogenic to beneficial insects cause dramatic economic losses on agriculture. In contrast, viruses that are pathogenic to insect pests can be exploited as attractive biological control agents. All of these factors have led to an explosion in the amount of research into insect viruses in recent years, generating impressive quantities of information on the molecular and cellular biology of these viruses. Due to the wide variety of insect viruses, a better understanding of these viruses will expand our overall knowledge of their virology. Here, we review studies of several newly discovered RNA insect viruses in China.
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Silibinin ameliorates steatosis and insulin resistance during non-alcoholic fatty liver disease development partly through targeting IRS-1/PI3K/Akt pathway.
Int. Immunopharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2013
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Silibinin (SIL) is a well-studied hepato-protective agent against a spectrum of liver diseases. However, the role of SIL in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) induced insulin resistance and underlying signaling is not fully characterized. In this study, Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were fed with high-fat diet to develop NAFLD with or without an SIL co-treatment. NAFLD rats showed typical NAFLD symptoms including histological changes, insulin resistance, and glucose metabolism dysfunction. SIL co-treatment significantly ameliorated these pathological features partly through restoring the IRS-1/PI3K/Akt pathway. In addition, BRL-3A and HepG2 cells were incubated with palmitic acid (PA) to induce steatosis. SIL co-treatment in cells also reduced lipid accumulation, recovered cell viability, and down-regulated the protein expression of resistin, the marker for insulin resistance. Specific blocker of PI3K abolished the ameliorative effects of SIL on cellular steatosis. In conclusion, SIL alleviated steatosis and insulin resistance both in vivo and in vitro partly through regulating the IRS-1/PI3K/Akt pathway.
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A tailing genome walking method suitable for genomes with high local GC content.
Anal. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 05-10-2013
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The tailing genome walking strategies are simple and efficient. However, they sometimes can be restricted due to the low stringency of homo-oligomeric primers. Here we modified their conventional tailing step by adding polythymidine and polyguanine to the target single-stranded DNA (ssDNA). The tailed ssDNA was then amplified exponentially with a specific primer in the known region and a primer comprising 5 polycytosine and 3 polyadenosine. The successful application of this novel method for identifying integration sites mediated by ?C31 integrase in goat genome indicates that the method is more suitable for genomes with high complexity and local GC content.
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Bistable memory devices with lower threshold voltage by extending the molecular alkyl-chain length.
Phys Chem Chem Phys
PUBLISHED: 05-08-2013
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Three organic small molecules with alkyl chains of different lengths based on an azobenzene scaffold were designed and synthesized. The indium-tin oxide (ITO)-Azo-Al sandwich memory devices showed write-once-read-many-times (WORM) characteristics. The switch threshold voltage of Azo-based memory devices significantly decreased as the end-capping alkyl chain extends, which is totally consistent with the AFM and X-ray diffraction results that the thin films showed smoother morphologies and closer intermolecular packing with the molecular alkyl-chain length prolonging. These results demonstrated that variation in the alkyl-chain length at the end of the conjugated molecules is a powerful strategy for tuning film microstructure and intermolecular packing to enable high performance of the fabricated sandwiched devices.
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Genetic dissection reveals effects of interaction between high-molecular-weight glutenin subunits and waxy alleles on dough-mixing properties in common wheat.
J. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 05-04-2013
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The glutenin and waxy loci of wheat are important determinants of dough quality. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of high-molecular-weight glutenin (HMW-GS) and waxy alleles on dough-mixing properties. Molecular mapping was used to investigate these effects on Mixograph properties in a population of 290 (Nuomai1 x Gaocheng8901) recombinant inbred lines (RILs) from three environments in the harvest years 2008, 2009 and 2011. The results indicated the following: (i) the Glu-A1 and Glu-D1 loci have greater impacts on Mixograph properties compared to the Wx-1 loci and the effects of Glu-D1d and Glu-D1h on dough mixing are better than those of Glu-D1f and Glu-D1new1 in this population; (ii) the interactions between the Glu-1 and Wx-1 loci affected some traits, especially the midline peak value (MPV), and the lack of Wx-B1 or Wx-D1 led to increased MPV for all types of Glu-1 loci; and (iii) 30 quantitative-trait loci (QTL) over nine wheat chromosomes were identified with ICIM analysis based on the genetic map of 498 loci. Eight major QTL and 16 QTL in the Glu-1 loci from the three environments were found. The major QTL clusters were associated with the Glu-1 loci, and also were found in two regions on chromosome 3B and one region on chromosome 6A, which is one of the novel chromosome regions influencing dough-mixing strength. The two QTL for MPV are located around Wx-B1 on chromosome 4A. QMPT-1D.1, QMPI-1D.1 and Q8MW-1D.1 were stable in different environments and could potentially be used in molecular marker-assisted breeding.
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Association of plasma visfatin with risk of colorectal cancer: An observational study of Chinese patients.
Asia Pac J Clin Oncol
PUBLISHED: 04-28-2013
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To investigate the association between plasma visfatin levels and risk of early and advanced colorectal cancer (CRC).
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Tbx20 functions as an important regulator of estrogen-mediated cardiomyocyte protection during oxidative stress.
Int. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 04-26-2013
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As a transcription factor mainly expressed in cardiovascular system, T-box 20 (Tbx20) plays an important role in embryonic cardiovascular system development and adult heart function. Here, we determined the mechanism by which Tbx20 regulates cardiomyocyte apoptosis and cardiomyopathies.
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