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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Autocrine stimulation of IL-10 is critical to the enrichment of IL-10-producing CD40hiCD5+ regulatory B cells in vitro and in vivo.
BMB Rep
PUBLISHED: 10-25-2014
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IL-10-producing B (Breg) cells regulate various immune responses. However, their phenotype remains unclear. CD40 expression was significantly increased in B cells by LPS, and the Breg cells were also enriched in CD40hiCD5+ B cells. Furthermore, CD40 expression on Breg cells was increased by IL-10, CD40 ligand, and B-cell activating factor, suggesting that CD40hi is a common phenotype of Breg cells. LPS-induced CD40 expression was largely suppressed by an anti-IL-10 receptor antibody and in IL-10-/-CD5+CD19+ B cells. The autocrine effect of IL-10 on the CD40 expression was largely suppressed by an inhibitor of JAK/STAT3. In vivo, the LPS treatment increased the population of CD40hiCD5+ Breg cells in mice. However, the population of CD40hiCD5+ B cells was minimal in IL-10-/- mice by LPS. Altogether, our findings show that Breg cells are largely enriched in CD40hiCD5+ B cells and the autocrine effect of IL-10 is critical to the formation of CD40hiCD5+ Breg cells.
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Selective Interaction Between Chloroplast ?-ATPase and TGB1L88 Retards Severe Symptoms Caused by Alternanthera mosaic virus Infection.
Plant Pathol. J.
PUBLISHED: 10-08-2014
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The multifunctional triple gene block protein 1 (TGB1) of the Potexvirus Alternanthera mosaic virus (AltMV) has been reported to have silencing suppressor, cell-to-cell movement, and helicase functions. Yeast two hybrid screening using an Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA library with TGB1 as bait, and co-purification with TGB1 inclusion bodies identified several host proteins which interact with AltMV TGB1. Host protein interactions with TGB1 were confirmed by biomolecular fluorescence complementation, which showed positive TGB1 interaction with mitochondrial ATP synthase delta' chain subunit (ATP synthase delta'), light harvesting chlorophyll-protein complex I subunit A4 (LHCA4), chlorophyll a/b binding protein 1 (LHB1B2), chloroplast-localized IscA-like protein (ATCPISCA), and chloroplast ?-ATPase. However, chloroplast ?-ATPase interacts only with TGB1L88, and not with weak silencing suppressor TGB1P88. This selective interaction indicates that chloroplast ?-ATPase is not required for AltMV movement and replication; however, TRV silencing of chloroplast ?-ATPase in Nicotiana benthamiana induced severe tissue necrosis when plants were infected by AltMV TGB1L88 but not AltMV TGB1P88, suggesting that ?-ATPase selectively responded to TGB1L88 to induce defense responses.
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Surface-modified silk hydrogel containing hydroxyapatite nanoparticle with hyaluronic acid-dopamine conjugate.
Int. J. Biol. Macromol.
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2014
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Silk fibroin/hydroxyapatite (SF/HAp) composite hydrogels were fabricated in this study, having different HAp contents (0-33 wt%) in SF matrix hydrogel. Surface modification of HAp nanoparticle with hyaluronic acid (HA)-dopamine (DA) conjugate improved a dispersibility of HAp in aqueous SF solution due to its negatively charged surface and therefore, fabrication of the SF composite hydrogel having HAp nanoparticles inside could be possible. Zeta potential of surface-modified HAP was examined by ELS. It demonstrates that surface of HAp was well modified to a negative charge with HA-DA. Morphological structure of SF hydrogel containing surface-modified HAp was examined by FE-SEM for analyzing pore structure of hydrogel and deposition of HAp nanoparticle in SF hydrogel. It was found that HAp nanoparticles were uniformly deposited on the pore wall of SF hydrogel. Structural characteristics of SF/HAp composite hydrogel was performed using X-ray diffraction and FT-IR analysis. It was found that ?-sheet crystal conformation of SF was significantly influenced by the HAp content during gelation of a mixture of SF and HAp. As a result of MTT assay, the SF/HAp composite hydrogel showed excellent cell proliferation ability. Therefore, it is expected that SF hydrogel containing HAp nanoparticles has a high potential as bone regeneration scaffold.
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Congestive hepatopathy after Fontan operation and related factors assessed by transient elastography.
J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 03-28-2014
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Congestive hepatopathy after a Fontan operation can have a major effect on long-term morbidity. We evaluated congestive hepatopathy in patients with Fontan circulation using transient elastography to determine which risk factors for hepatopathy are related to liver stiffness (LS).
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The scaffold protein prohibitin is required for antigen-stimulated signaling in mast cells.
Sci Signal
PUBLISHED: 09-12-2013
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The protein prohibitin (PHB) is implicated in diverse cellular processes, including cell signaling, transcriptional control, and mitochondrial function. We found that PHB was abundant in the intracellular granules of mast cells, which are critical for allergic responses to antigens. Thus, we investigated whether PHB played a role in signaling mediated by the high-affinity receptor for antigen-bound immunoglobulin E (IgE), Fc?RI. PHB-specific small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) inhibited antigen-mediated signaling, degranulation, and cytokine secretion by mast cells in vitro. Knockdown of PHB inhibited the antigen-dependent association of the tyrosine kinase Syk with Fc?RI and inhibited the activation of Syk. Fractionation studies revealed that PHB translocated from intracellular granules to plasma membrane lipid rafts in response to antigen, and knockdown of PHB suppressed the movement of Fc?RI? and Syk into lipid rafts. Tyrosine phosphorylation of PHB by Lyn was observed early after exposure to antigen, and point mutations in PHB indicated that Tyr(114) and Tyr(259) were required for the recruitment of Syk to Fc?RI? and mast cell activation. In mice, PHB-specific siRNAs inhibited antigen-initiated mast cell degranulation, passive cutaneous anaphylaxis, and passive systemic anaphylaxis. Together, these results suggest that PHB is essential for Fc?RI-mediated mast cell activation and allergic responses in vivo, raising the possibility that PHB might serve as a therapeutic target for the treatment of allergic diseases.
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Fabrication of Phaeodactylum tricornutum extract-loaded gelatin nanofibrous mats exhibiting antimicrobial activity.
Int. J. Biol. Macromol.
PUBLISHED: 07-25-2013
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Microalgae have recently been recognized as a valuable resource for various applications. Phaeodactylum tricornutum is a diatom that lives in marine water and has an unusually high content of lipids. In this study, we added P. tricornutum into a gelatin dope solution to examine the effect of this diatom using electrospinning. The addition of P. tricornutum extracts increased the conductivity of the dope solution but had little effect on the viscosity. Due to the increased conductivity, the fiber diameter was reduced compared with the neat gelatin nanofiber. The loading of P. tricornutum extracts was confirmed using fluorescence microscopy, and the incorporation of lipids was detected through gas chromatography. The P. tricornutum-loaded nanofiber mat exhibited anti-microbial activity against Escherichia coli and multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The cell viability test showed that the P. tricornutum-loaded nanofiber has no cytotoxicity. We expect that this antimicrobial P. tricornutum-loaded gelatin nanofiber mat can be applied as a wound dressing.
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Effects of organic solvent and solution temperature on electrospun polyvinylidene fluoride nanofibers.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol
PUBLISHED: 06-15-2013
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In this study, the Poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoethylene) (PVDF) electrospun fibers were successfully prepared by electrospinning. Processing parameters, such as solvents and solution temperature were varied to study their influence on fiber dimensions. Electrospun PVDF fibers were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer (FT-IR), wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The result indicated that the solvent component and temperature have great influence on fiber dimensions. 19% PVDF dissolved in DMF/MEK mixed solvents with the ratio of 8:2 was considered to be most suitable in this study. Furthermore, the increasing of solution temperature can probably induce the formation of beta-phases in electrospun PVDF Fibers.
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Osteoblastic cells culture on electrospun poly(?-caprolacton) scaffolds incorporating amphiphilic PEG-POSS telechelic.
J Mater Sci Mater Med
PUBLISHED: 04-29-2013
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In this work, novel poly(?-caprolactone) (PCL) fibrous membranes incorporating amphiphilic polyhedral oligosilsesquioxane (POSS) telechelic (PEG-POSS telechelic) were prepared via electrospinning. The unique microstructure, morphology, thermal stability of the resulting PCL/PEG-POSS telechelic electrospun nanowebs were investigated by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis, respectively. The addition of amphiphilic PEG-POSS telechelic strongly influenced the fiber diameters, microstructures of the resultant PCL/PEG-POSS telechelic nanofibers, compared to pure PCL nanofibers. The potential biomedical applications of such PEG-POSS telechelic nanowebs as a scaffolding material were also evaluated in vitro using mouse osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells. The cell adhesion, spreading, and interaction behavior of pure PCL and PCL/PEG-POSS telechelic fibrous membranes were explored. It was found that electrospun PCL fibrous membranes incorporating amphiphilic PEG-POSS telechelic showed higher initial cell attachment than pure PCL due to the higher surface free energy of POSS siloxanes. Moreover, the obtained PCL/PEG-POSS telechelic fibrous scaffolds were found to be nontoxic and to maintain the good adhesion ratio between cells and surface (about ~93 %) after cell culturing for 24 h.
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Effect of degumming condition on the solution properties and electrospinnablity of regenerated silk solution.
Int. J. Biol. Macromol.
PUBLISHED: 01-04-2013
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The application of silk on tissue engineering scaffolds has been studied intensively because silk has an electrospinning technique using a good blood compatibility, excellent cytocompatibility and biodegradability. Silk consists of two polymers, fibroin and sericin. In spite of importance of sericin, most studies were focused on the fibroin only and the effect of residual sericin on the electrospinning performance of silk has not been considered. In this study, regenerated silk with different residual sericin contents was prepared by controlling the degumming conditions. The effects of the degumming conditions on the solution properties and electrospinning performance of silk were examined. The fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC) measurements confirmed that the molecular weight of the regenerated silk decreased slightly with increasing residual sericin content. More molecular aggregation of silk occurred with increasing sericin content, resulting in an increase in the solution turbidity of formic acid. All silk formic acid solutions exhibited almost Newtonian fluid behavior and the viscosity increased with increasing sericin content. Interestingly, the dope solution viscosity of silk increased remarkably at sericin contents <1% (or degumming ratio >25%) leading to significant improvements in electrospinnability and an increase in the fiber diameter of the silk web.
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Molecular characterization of ferulate 5-hydroxylase gene from kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.).
ScientificWorldJournal
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The purpose of this study is to clone and characterize the expression pattern of a F5H gene encoding ferulate 5-hydroxylase in the phenylpropanoid pathway from kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.). Kenaf is a fast-growing dicotyledonous plant valued for its biomass. F5H, a cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenase (CYP84), is a key enzyme for syringyl lignin biosynthesis. The full length of the F5H ortholog was cloned and characterized. The full-length F5H ortholog consists of a 1,557-bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding 518 amino acids (GenBank Accession number JX524278). The deduced amino acid sequence showed that kenaf F5H had the highest similarity (78%) with that of Populus trichocarpa. Transcriptional analysis of F5H ortholog was conducted using quantitative real-time PCR during the developmental stages of various tissues and in response to various abiotic stresses. The highest transcript level of the F5H ortholog was observed in immature flower tissues and in early stage (6 week-old) of stem tissues, with a certain level of expression in all tissues tested. The highest transcript level of F5H ortholog was observed at the late time points after treatments with NaCl (48?h), wounding (24?h), cold (24?h), abscisic acid (24?h), and methyl jasmonate (24?h).
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Bone quality and growth characteristics of growth plates following limb transplantation between animals of different ages--results of an experimental study in male syngeneic rats.
J Orthop Surg Res
PUBLISHED: 10-14-2011
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The purpose of this study was to identify graft osteoporosis post transplantation by micro-CT analysis, and the growth potential of growth plates in the transplanted limb.
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Fabrication and evaluation of poly(epsilon-caprolactone)/silk fibroin blend nanofibrous scaffold.
Biopolymers
PUBLISHED: 07-27-2011
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In this study we investigated the blend electrospinning of poly(?-caprolactone) (PCL) and silk fibroin (SF) to improve the biodegradability and biocompatibility of PCL-based nanofibrous scaffolds. Optimal conditions to fabricate PCL/SF (50/50) blend nanofiber were established for electrospinning using formic acid as a cosolvent and three-dimensional (3D) PCL/SF blend nanofibrous scaffolds were prepared by a modified electrospinning process using methanol coagulation bath. The physical properties of 2D PCL/SF blend nanofiber mats and 3D highly porous blend nanofibrous scaffolds were measured and compared. To evaluate cytocompatibility of the 3D blend scaffolds as compared to 3D PCL nanofibrous scaffold, normal human dermal fibroblasts were cultured. It is concluded that biodegradability and cytocompatibility could be improved for the 3D highly porous PCL/SF (50/50) blend nanofibrous scaffold prepared by blending PCL with SF in electrospinning. In addition to the blending of PCL and SF, the 3D structure and high porosity of electrospun nanofiber assemblies may also be important factors for enhancing the performance of scaffolds.
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Correlation between facial asymmetry, shoulder imbalance, and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Orthopedics
PUBLISHED: 06-15-2011
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We conducted a prospective cross-sectional study to examine the correlation between facial asymmetry, shoulder imbalance, and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Sixty-nine adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients and 29 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent whole-spine standing anteroposterior radiographs and frontal cephalograms. Patients were divided into mild, moderate, and severe groups depending on Cobb angle (10°-25°, 25°-40°, and >40°, respectively). Facial measurements included maxilla height difference, ramus length difference, and anterior nasal spine-menton angle. Shoulder measurements included coracoid height difference, clavicular angle, clavicle-rib intersection difference, and radiographic shoulder height.The anterior nasal spine-menton angle in the severe group (>40°) was higher than in the other groups (P<.05), as was the clavicle-rib intersection difference (P<.05). In addition, the magnitude of the curve showed a possible correlation with the anterior nasal spine-menton angle and clavicle-rib intersection difference in scoliosis patients (r=0.433 and r=0.511, respectively). According to different curve patterns, the anterior nasal spine-menton angle and clavicle-rib intersection difference were significantly higher in the double thoracic group than in the other groups (P<.05). In the correlation analysis, the ramus length difference and anterior nasal spine-menton angle had a possible correlation with the coracoid height difference, clavicular angle, radiographic shoulder height, and clavicle-rib intersection difference (P<.05).
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Traumatic ventricular septal defect in a 4-year-old boy after blunt chest injury.
Korean J Pediatr
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2011
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Traumatic ventricular septal defect (VSD) resulting from blunt chest injury is a very rare event. The mechanisms of traumatic VSD have been of little concern to dateuntil now, but two dominant theories have been described. In one, the rupture occurs due to acute compression of the heart; in the other, it is due to myocardial infarction of the septum. The clinical symptoms and timing of presentation are variable, so appropriate diagnosis can be difficult or delayed. Closure of traumatic VSD has been based on a combination of heart failure symptoms, hemodynamics, and defect size. Here, we present a case of a 4-year-old boy who presented with a traumatic VSD following a car accident. He showed normal cardiac structure at the time of injury, but after 8 days, his repeated echocardiography revealed a VSD. He was successfully treated by surgical closure of the VSD, and has been doing well up to the present. This report suggests that the clinician should pay great close attention to the patients injured by blunt chest trauma, keeping in mind the possibility of cardiac injury.
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In vivo biocompatibility study of electrospun chitosan microfiber for tissue engineering.
Int J Mol Sci
PUBLISHED: 09-28-2010
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In this work, we examined the biocompatibility of electrospun chitosan microfibers as a scaffold. The chitosan microfibers showed a three-dimensional pore structure by SEM. The chitosan microfibers supported attachment and viability of rat muscle-derived stem cells (rMDSCs). Subcutaneous implantation of the chitosan microfibers demonstrated that implantation of rMDSCs containing chitosan microfibers induced lower host tissue responses with decreased macrophage accumulation than did the chitosan microfibers alone, probably due to the immunosuppression of the transplanted rMDSCs. Our results collectively show that chitosan microfibers could serve as a biocompatible in vivo scaffold for rMDSCs in rats.
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Native-sized recombinant spider silk protein produced in metabolically engineered Escherichia coli results in a strong fiber.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
PUBLISHED: 07-26-2010
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Spider dragline silk is a remarkably strong fiber that makes it attractive for numerous applications. Much has thus been done to make similar fibers by biomimic spinning of recombinant dragline silk proteins. However, success is limited in part due to the inability to successfully express native-sized recombinant silk proteins (250-320 kDa). Here we show that a 284.9 kDa recombinant protein of the spider Nephila clavipes is produced and spun into a fiber displaying mechanical properties comparable to those of the native silk. The native-sized protein, predominantly rich in glycine (44.9%), was favorably expressed in metabolically engineered Escherichia coli within which the glycyl-tRNA pool was elevated. We also found that the recombinant proteins of lower molecular weight versions yielded inferior fiber properties. The results provide insight into evolution of silk protein size related to mechanical performance, and also clarify why spinning lower molecular weight proteins does not recapitulate the properties of native fibers. Furthermore, the silk expression, purification, and spinning platform established here should be useful for sustainable production of natural quality dragline silk, potentially enabling broader applications.
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Enhanced chondrogenic responses of human articular chondrocytes onto silk fibroin/wool keratose scaffolds treated with microwave-induced argon plasma.
Artif Organs
PUBLISHED: 07-17-2010
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Silk fibroin (SF) is a natural, degradable, fibrous protein that is biocompatible, is easily processed, and possesses unique mechanical properties. Another natural material, wool keratose (WK), is a soluble derivative of wool keratin, containing amino acid sequences that induce cell adhesion. Here, we blended SF and WK to improve the poor electrospinability of WK and increase the adhesiveness of SF. We hypothesized that microwave-induced argon plasma treatment would improve chondrogenic cell growth and cartilage-specific extracellular matrix formation on a three-dimensional SF/WK scaffold. After argon plasma treatment, static water contact angle measurement revealed increased hydrophilicity of the SF/WK scaffold, and scanning electron microscopy showed that treated SF/WK scaffolds had deeper and more cylindrical pores than nontreated scaffolds. Attachment and proliferation of neonatal human knee articular chondrocytes on treated SF/WK scaffolds increased significantly, followed by increased glycosaminoglycan synthesis. Our results suggest that microwave-induced, plasma-treated SF/WK scaffolds have potential in cartilage tissue engineering.
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Outcomes of biventricular repair for congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries.
Ann. Thorac. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2010
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This study was undertaken to evaluate long-term results of biventricular repairs for congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries, and to analyze the risk factors that affect mortality and morbidity.
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Determining optimal sleep position in patients with positional sleep-disordered breathing using response surface analysis.
J Sleep Res
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2009
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A lateral position (LP) during sleep is effective in reducing sleep disorder symptoms in mild or moderate sleep apnea patients. However, the effect of head and shoulder posture in LP on reducing sleep disorders has not been reported. In this study, effective sleeping positions and a combination of sleep position determinants were evaluated with respect to their ability to reduce snoring and apnea. The positions evaluated included the following: cervical vertebrae support with head tilting (CVS-HT), scapula support (SS), and LP. A central composite design was applied for response surface analysis (RSA). Sixteen patients with mild or moderate positional sleep apnea and snoring who underwent polysomnography for two nights were evaluated. Based on an estimated RSA equation, LP (with a rotation of at least 30 degrees) had the most dominant effect [P = 0.0057 for snoring rate, P = 0.0319 for apnea-hypopnea index (AHI)]. In addition, the LP was found to interact with CVS-HT (P = 0.0423) for snoring rate and CVS-HT (P = 0.0310) and SS (P = 0.0265) for AHI. The optimal sleep position reduced mild snoring by more than 80% (i.e. snoring rate in the supine position was <20%) and the snoring rate was approximately zero with a 40 degrees rotation. To achieve at least 80% reduction of AHI, LP and SS should be >30 degrees and/or 20 mm respectively. To determine an effective sleep position, CVS-HT and SS, as well as the degree of the LP, should be concurrently considered in patients with positional sleep apnea or snoring.
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Pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defects and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries.
Circ. J.
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2009
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There is no consensus on the long-term outcome after unifocalization in patients undergoing surgery for pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defects (VSD) and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs).
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Clinical characteristics, ballooning pattern, and long-term prognosis of transient left ventricular ballooning syndrome.
Heart Lung
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2009
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Although patients with transient left ventricular ballooning syndrome (TLVBS), also known as Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, improve rapidly and recover left ventricular systolic function, the long-term prognosis is not well-known. This study investigated the clinical features of TLVBS, and its in-hospital and long-term (in-hospital plus postdischarge) mortality.
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Age-dependent Distribution of Fungal Endophytes in Panax ginseng Roots Cultivated in Korea.
J Ginseng Res
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Fungal endophytes were isolated from 1-, 2-, 3-, and 4-year-old ginseng roots (Panax ginseng Meyer) cultivated in Korea. The isolated fungal endophytes were identified based on sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer and morphological characterization by microscopic observations. A total of 81 fungal endophytes were isolated from 24 ginseng roots. Fungal endophytes were classified into 9 different fungal species and 2 unknown species. Ginseng roots that were 1-, 2-, 3-, and 4-years old were colonized by 2, 6, 8, and 5 species of fungal endophytes, respectively. While Phoma radicina was the most frequent fungal endophyte in 2-, 3-, and 4-year-old ginseng roots, Fusarium solani was the dominant endophyte in 1-year-old ginseng roots. The colonization frequencies (CF) varied with the host age. The CF were 12%, 40%, 31%, and 40% for 1-, 2-, 3-, and 4-year-old ginseng roots, respectively. We found a variety of fungal endophytes that were distributed depending on the age of ginseng plants.
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Diversity of Fungal Endophytes in Various Tissues of Panax ginseng Meyer Cultivated in Korea.
J Ginseng Res
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Endophytic fungi were isolated from various tissues (root, stem, petiole, leaf, and fl ower stalk) of 3- and 4-year-old ginseng plants (Panax ginseng Meyer) cultivated in Korea. The isolated endophytic fungi were identified based on the sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS), 1-5.8-ITS 2. A morphological characterization was also conducted using microscopic observations. According to the identification, 127 fungal isolates were assigned to 27 taxa. The genera of Phoma, Alternaria and Colletotrichum were the most frequent isolates, followed by Fusarium, Entrophospora and Xylaria. Although 19 of the 27 taxa were identified at the species level, the remainder were classified at the genus level (6 isolates), phylum level (Ascomycota, 1 isolate), and unknown fungal species (1 isolate). Endophytic fungi of 13 and 19 species were isolated from 3- and 4-year-old ginseng plants, respectively, and Phoma radicina and Fusarium solani were the most frequently isolated species colonizing the tissues of the 3- and 4-year-old ginseng plants, respectively. The colonization frequency (CF%) was dependant on the age and tissue examined: the CFs of the roots and stems in the 3-year-old ginseng were higher than the CF of tissues in the 4-year-old plants. In contrast, higher CFs were observed in the leaves and petioles of 4-year-old plants, and endophytic fungi in the flower stalks were only detected in the 4-year-old plants. In conclusion, we detected diverse endophytic fungi in ginseng plants, which were distributed differently depending on the age and tissue examined.
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The use of T-LCP (locking compression plate) for the treatment of the lateral malleolar fractures.
Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol
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The authors evaluated results and hardware-related complications after the fixation of Danis-Weber (D-W) types A and B lateral malleolus fractures using a 3.5-mm T-shaped locking compression plate (T-LCP) for distal radius.
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[Clinicopathologic characteristics of superficial gastric cancer diagnosed at primary health care institutions in 2011].
Korean J Gastroenterol
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Stomach cancer is prevalent in Korea. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of superficial gastric cancers detected at SOK Sokpeynhan Internal Medical Network, the nationwide primary health care institutions.
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Functional recovery guided by an electrospun silk fibroin conduit after sciatic nerve injury in rats.
J Tissue Eng Regen Med
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the regenerative capacity of a newly developed nerve guidance conduit using electrospun silk fibroin (SFNC) implanted in a 10-mm defect of the sciatic nerve in rats. After evaluating the physical properties and cytocompatibility of SFNC in vitro, rats were randomly allocated into three groups: defect only, autograft and SFNC. To compare motor function and abnormal sensation among groups, ankle stance angle (ASA) and severity of autotomy were observed for 10?weeks after injury. Immunostaining with axonal neurofilament (NF) and myelin basic protein (MBP) antibodies were performed to investigate regenerated nerve fibres inside SFNC. ASA increased significantly in the SFNC group at 1, 7 and 10?weeks after injury compared to the defect only group (p?
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Bronchial compression in an infant with isolated secundum atrial septal defect associated with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Korean J Pediatr
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Symptomatic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in patients with isolated atrial septal defect (ASD) is rare during infancy. We report a case of isolated ASD with severe PAH in an infant who developed airway obstruction as cardiomegaly progressed. The patient presented with recurrent severe respiratory insufficiency and failure to thrive before the repair of the ASD. Echocardiography confirmed volume overload on the right side of heart and severe PAH (tricuspid regurgitation [TR] with a peak pressure gradient of 55 to 60 mmHg). The chest radiographs demonstrated severe collapse of both lung fields, and a computed tomography scan showed narrowing of the main bronchus because of an intrinsic cause, as well as a dilated pulmonary artery compressing the main bronchus on the left and the intermediate bronchus on the right. ASD patch closure was performed when the infant was 8 months old. After the repair of the ASD, echocardiography showed improvement of PAH (TR with a peak pressure gradient of 22 to 26 mmHg), and the patient has not developed recurrent respiratory infections while showing successful catch-up growth. In infants with symptomatic isolated ASD, especially in those with respiratory insufficiency associated with severe PAH, extrinsic airway compression should be considered. Correcting any congenital heart diseases in these patients may improve their symptoms.
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Preparation and in vivo degradation of controlled biodegradability of electrospun silk fibroin nanofiber mats.
J Biomed Mater Res A
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Controlled biodegradability of biomaterials is very important because different functionality and durability are required for various purposes and for specific tissues and organs. From this point of view, silk-based biomaterials have poor usability because of uncontrollable degradability, even though silk fibroin (SF) is highly biocompatible and a number of studies on silk biomaterials have been published to date. In this study, we prepared SF nanofiber mats that were recrystallized in different ways. These mats were fabricated by electrospinning with ethanol/propanol mixtures of various blend ratios, and their biodegradabilities in vitro and in vivo were evaluated using rats. As a result, we can suggest an established method to modulate the degradability of SF nanofibrous materials based on long-term (12 months) observations. In particular, we elucidated how the SF nanofibers are degraded and incorporated with surrounding tissue by observation of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled SF nanofiber in vivo. Our findings suggest a method for controlling the degradation rate of SF for medical applications.
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In vivo biofunctionality comparison of different topographic PLLA scaffolds.
J Biomed Mater Res A
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In this work, the in vivo biodegradation of, biocompatibility of, and host response to various topographic scaffolds were investigated. Randomly oriented fibrous poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) nanofibers were fabricated using the electrospinning technique. A PLLA scaffold was obtained by salt leaching. Both the electrospun PLLA nanofibers and the salt-leaching PLLA scaffolds formed three-dimensional pore structures. Cytotoxicity studies, in which rat muscle-derived stem cells (rMDSCs) were grown on electrospun PLLA nanofibers or the salt-leaching PLLA scaffolds, revealed that the rMDSCs cell count on the PLLA nanofibers was slightly higher than that on the salt-leaching PLLA scaffolds. An in vivo study was carried out by implanting the scaffolds subcutaneously into rats to test the biodegradation, biocompatibility, and host response at regular intervals over 0-4 weeks. The degradation of the PLLA nanofibers 1, 2, and 4 weeks after initial implantation was more extensive than that observed for the salt-leaching PLLA scaffolds. PLLA nanofibers seeded the growth of larger fibrous tissue masses due to in vivo cellular infiltration into the randomly oriented fibrillar structures of the PLLA nanofibers. In addition, the inflammatory cell accumulation in PLLA nanofibers was lower than that in the salt-leaching PLLA scaffolds. These results indicate that the electrospun PLLA nanofibers may serve as a good scaffold to elicit fibrous cellular infiltration, to minimize host response, and to enhance tissue-scaffold integration.
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Impact of pressure load caused by right ventricular outflow tract obstruction on right ventricular volume overload in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot.
J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.
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In correction of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), surgical strategies to minimize right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) enlargement have recently been preferred. However, we may be confronted with residual pulmonary stenosis (PS) combined with pulmonary regurgitation (PR), and how the pressure load affects these patients is not evident.
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Structural characteristics and biological performance of silk fibroin nanofiber containing microalgae spirulina extract.
Biopolymers
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Silk fibroin (SF) nanofiber scaffold containing microalgae Spirulina extract were prepared by electrospinning and the performance and functionality of the scaffold were evaluated. The viscosity and conductivity of the dope solution of Spirulina containing SF were examined for electrospinability and we found that the morphological structure of SF nanofiber is affected by the concentration of Spirulina extract added. The platelet adhesion and coagulation time test confirmed that the Spirulina containing SF nanofiber scaffold had excellent ability to prevent blood clotting or antithrombogenicity that is comparable to heparin. Low cytotoxicity and excellent cell adhesion and proliferation were also observed for Sprulina containing SF nanofiber scaffold by MTT assay and confocal fluorescence microscope using fibroblast and human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs). Based on these results, we believe SF nanofiber scaffold containing Spirulina extract has the potential to be used as tissue engineering scaffold that requires high hemocompatibility.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.