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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Graded-index optical fiber tweezers with long manipulation length.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 11-18-2014
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Long manipulation length is critical for optical fiber tweezers to enhance the flexibility of non-contact trapping. In this paper a long manipulation distance of more than 40 ?m is demonstrated experimentally by the graded-index fiber (GIF) tweezers, which is fabricated by chemically etching a GIF taper with a large cone angle of 58°. The long manipulation distance is obtained by introducing an air cavity between the lead-in single mode fiber and the GIF as well as by adjusting the laser power in the existence of a constant background flow. The influence of the cavity length and the GIF length on the light distribution and the focusing length of the GIF taper is investigated numerically, which is helpful for optimizing the parameters to perform stable optical trapping. This kind of optical fiber tweezers has advantages including low-cost, easy-to-fabricate and easy-to-use.
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The complete mitochondrial genome of Japanese macaque, Macaca fuscata fuscata (Macaca, Cercopithecinae).
Mitochondrial DNA
PUBLISHED: 09-23-2014
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Abstract In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome sequence of Japanese macaque, Macaca fuscata fuscata, with the total length of 16,565?bp, is determined for the first time. This mitogenome harbors 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, and 1 control region (D-loop). The overall base composition is A (31.7%), C (30.5%), G (12.9%), and T (24.9%), so the slight A-T bias (56.6%) was detected. Most of the genes are distributed on H-strand, except for the ND6 subunit gene and eight tRNA genes. The complete mitochondrial genome sequence reported here will provide new genetic resource to uncover the monkey's evolution.
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[Design, synthesis and evaluation of N-acyl-4-phenylthiazole-2-amines as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors].
Yao Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 09-13-2014
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N-Acyl-4-phenylthiazole-2-amines were designed and synthesized, moreover their effects on acetylcholinesterase activities were tested. N-Acyl-4-phenylthiazole-2-amines were prepared from substituted 2-bromo-1-acetophenones by three steps reaction, and their AChE inhibitory activities were measured by Ellman method in vitro. The results showed that the target compounds had a certain inhibitory activity on AChE in vitro. Among them, 8c was the best, and IC50 of 8c was 0.51 micromol x L(-1), better than that of rivastigmine and Huperzine-A. The inhibitory activities of N-acyl-4-phenylthiazole-2-amines on acetylcholinesterase are worth while to be further studied.
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The complete mitochondrial genome of malbrouck monkey, Chlorocebus cynosuros (Chlorocebus, Cercopithecinae).
Mitochondrial DNA
PUBLISHED: 09-04-2014
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Abstract In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome sequence of malbrouck monkey, Chlorocebus cynosuros, with the total length of 16,334?bp, is reported for the first time. Similar to other monkeys, it contains a typically conserved structure including 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, and 1 control region (D-loop). The base composition was A (32.1%), G (12.4%), C (30.1%), and T (25.4%), so the percentage of A and T (57.5%) was higher than that of G and C. Most of the genes are encoded on H-strand, except for the ND6 subunit gene and 8 tRNA genes. The complete mitochondrial genome sequence provided here would be useful for further phylogenetic analysis and population genetic studies in C. cynosuros.
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Immunological activity difference between native calreticulin monomers and oligomers.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 08-29-2014
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We have recently demonstrated that the greatly increased immunological activities of recombinant murine calreticulin (rCRT) are largely attributed to its self-oligomerization. Although native CRT (nCRT) can also oligomerize under stress conditions in vitro, whether this phenomenon could occur inside cells and the immunological activity difference between nCRT monomers and oligomers remained unclear. In this study, we illustrated the formation of CRT oligomers in tranfectant cells under "heat & low pH" (42°C/pH 6.5) condition. The mixture of nCRT oligomers and monomers (OnCRT) was obtained after 3 hr treatment of murine monomeric nCRT (MnCRT) under similar condition (42°C/pH 5.0) in vitro. The OnCRT thus obtained was better recognized by 2 monoclonal Abs from mice that had been immunized with oligomeric rCRT. Unlike MnCRT, OnCRT was able to elicit CRT-specific IgG production in mice. OnCRT also stimulated bone-marrow derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) to secrete significantly higher levels of TNF-?, IL-6 and IL-12p40 than did MnCRT in vitro. We postulate that oligomerization of soluble CRT may occur under certain pathophysiological conditions (e.g. ultrahyperpyrexia) and the resultant oligomers may exhibit exaggerated immunostimulating activities, thereby affiliating the inflammatory responses in vivo.
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Detection of colorectal cancer by DNA methylation biomarker SEPT9: past, present and future.
Biomark Med
PUBLISHED: 08-16-2014
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Colorectal cancer has become the third most common cancer in the world. Early diagnosis and treatment can significantly reduce colorectal cancer mortality. The current routinely used fecal-based screening methods do not provide satisfactory sensitivity. Although colonoscopy provides macroscopic diagnosis, the compliance is low due to its inconvenience and complications. Hence, the development of new screening methods is needed urgently. Peripheral blood SEPT9 gene methylation assay has become a potential option with promising future for early detection and screening of colorectal cancer. It is shown to be convenient, reliable with good compliance by several clinical trials. This article will review the theoretical foundation and development of the assay, focusing on its clinical trials, comparing it with other screening methods and discussing its future applications.
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Efficient pullulan production by bioconversion using Aureobasidium pullulans as the whole-cell catalyst.
Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
PUBLISHED: 07-19-2014
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In this study, pullulan production was achieved by whole-cell bioconversion with Aureobasidium pullulans CCTCC M 2012259. Response surface methodology was applied to optimize the seed medium for incubating cells with high capability of pullulan bioconversion. Three medium components, namely, yeast extract, MgSO4·7H2O, and glucose were identified by Plackett-Berman design as significant factors affecting the cells' pullulan bioconversion capability. A three-level Box-Behnken design was then employed to determine the optimal levels of the three components. A mathematical model was developed to show the influence of each medium component and its effects on the cells' pullulan bioconversion capability. The model predicted a maximum pullulan bioconversion capability of 32.28 mg/g/h at the optimal yeast extract, MgSO4·7H2O, and glucose concentrations of 3.57, 0.18, and 63.97 g/l, respectively. The validation experiments showed that the cells' pullulan bioconversion capability was improved by 23.1 % when the optimal medium was used, as compared with that obtained with the basic medium. Subsequently, the gene expression and activities of the key enzymes involved in pullulan biosynthesis were evaluated. When the optimal medium was employed, the transcriptional levels of pgm1 and fks were up-regulated by 2.5- and 1.2-fold, respectively, and the ?-phosphoglucose mutase and glucosyltransferase activities were increased by 17 and 19 %, respectively, when compared with those achieved using the basic medium. These results indicated that pullulan bioconversion using A. pullulans CCTCC M 2012259 as the whole-cell catalyst is an attractive approach for efficient pullulan production and can be applied for the production of other polysaccharides.
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Sequence, genomic organization and expression of ghrelin receptor in grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idellus.
Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part A Mol. Integr. Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 07-17-2014
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The growth hormone secretagogue-receptor (GHS-R) is an endogenous receptor for the gut hormone ghrelin. Here we report the identification and characterization of GHS-R1a in grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idellus. The full-length GHS-R1a cDNA contained a 1803-bp coding domain sequence which encoded a peptide of 360 amino acid residues. Comparison analysis revealed that the amino acid sequences of GHS-R1a were highly conserved in vertebrates and shared 97% amino acid identity with zebrafish (Danio rerio), 96% with jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Jian) and 93% with goldfish (Carassius auratus). The GHS-R1a showed the highest level of mRNA expression in the pituitary, followed by the brain and liver, and the lowest expression was observed in the hindgut. Intraperitoneally injected with grass carp ghrelin (50, 100 and 150ng/g body weight (BW)), grass carp showed greater mRNA expression of GHS-R1a in the pituitary compared with saline injected at 0.5h postinjection. It was observed that food deprivation could promote the expression of ghrelin and GHS-R1a in the pituitary, demonstrating that nutritional status can influence the expression of both ghrelin and GHS-R1a in the pituitary. After a 2- or 4-week fast, plasma growth hormone (GH) increased, was positively correlated with ghrelin and GHS-R1a mRNA expression levels in the pituitary. These results suggested that the involvement of ghrelin/GHS-R1a systems in mediating the effects of nutritional status and ghrelin on growth processes in grass carp.
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[Design, synthesis and evaluation of new acetylcholinesterase inhibitors].
Yao Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 06-26-2014
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A series of novel 2-amino-4-phenylthiazole derivatives were designed and synthesized, furthermore, their inhibition effect on acetylcholinesterase were investigated. 2-Amino-4-phenylthiazoles were prepared from alpha-bromoacetophenones by Hantzsch reaction, acylation reaction and substitution reaction. Moreover, their bioactivities as AChE inhibitors in vitro were measured with Ellman spectrophotometry. The results showed that most of them had a certain inhibition activity on AChE, and the compound 8a was the best of them. The IC50 of 8a to AChE is 3.54 micromol x L(-1), and the value was better than that of rivastigmine. 2-Amino-4-phenylthiazole derivatives showed a certain bioactivity in vitro, which were worth further investigation.
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[Characteristics of newly diagnosed diabetes patients with young onset in the west china hospital of Sichuan University].
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2014
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To investigate the clinical characteristics, metabolic status, insulin resistance and insulin secretory function of diabetic patients with early onset.
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[Effects of grazing disturbance on soil active organic carbon in mountain forest-arid valley ecotone in the upper reaches of Minjiang River].
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2014
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Effects of grazing disturbance on the soil carbon contents and active components in the four vegetations, i.e., artificial Robinia pseudoacacia plantation, artificial poplar plantation, Berberis aggregate shrubland and grassland, were studied in the mountain forest-arid valley ecotone in the upper Minjiang River. Soil organic carbon and active component contents in 0-10 cm soil layer were greater than in 10-20 cm soil layer at each level of grazing disturbance. With increasing the grazing intensity, the total organic carbon (TOC), light fraction organic carbon (LFOC), particulate organic carbon (POC) and easily oxidized carbon (LOC) contents in 0-10 cm soil layer decreased gradually in the artificial R. pseudoacacia plantation. The LFOC content decreased, the POC content increased, and the TOC and LOC contents decreased initially and then increased with increasing the grazing intensity in the artificial poplar plantation. The POC content decreased, and the TOC, LFOC and LOC contents decreased initially and then increased with increasing the grazing intensity in the B. aggregate shrubland. The POC and TOC contents decreased, and the LFOC and LOC contents decreased initially and then increased with increasing the grazing intensity in the grassland. The decreasing ranges of LOC, LFOC and POC contents were 0.1-7.9 times more than that of TOC content. There were significant positive relationships between TOC and LOC, LFOC and POC, suggesting that the active organic carbon components could reflect the change of soil total carbon content.
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Disease association and arthritogenic potential of circulating antibodies against the ?1,4-polygalacturonic acid moiety.
J. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2014
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Much progress has been made in recent years on the diagnostic value, Ag specificity, and pathogenic roles of autoantibodies correlated to the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in humans. However, carbohydrate Ag-specific autoantibodies that may also play important roles in RA have largely been ignored. In this article, we report that serum levels of Abs capable of recognizing ?1,4-polygalacturonic acid [(PGA); major structural component of pectin] strongly correlate with RA in humans. The measurements of PGA-specific Abs (PGA-Abs) in sera are comparable to rheumatoid factors and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide Abs as serological diagnostic markers for RA in terms of sensitivity and specificity. Immunohistochemical staining results indicate that the PGA-Abs selectively bound synovial membrane cells and chondrocytes in the joints of both humans and rabbits (but not rodents). Induction of PGA-Abs by s.c. immunization of rabbits with carrier protein-conjugated synthetic PGA led to severe inflammatory reactions (synovial hyperplasia, small vessel proliferation, and inflammatory cell infiltration) in the joints. Injection of affinity purified anti-PGA IgG into the synovial cavity of rabbits resulted in accumulation of proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-?, IL-8, and IL-1? in synovial fluid, as well as local pathological damage. We conclude that the PGA-cross-reactive moiety represents a major autoantigen in the joints and can be targeted by autoantibodies capable of triggering arthritogenic responses in vivo.
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Graphene-coated microfiber Bragg grating for high-sensitivity gas sensing.
Opt Lett
PUBLISHED: 04-03-2014
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A graphene coated microfiber Bragg grating (GMFBG) for gas sensing is reported in this Letter. Taking advantage of the surface field enhancement and gas absorption of a GMFBG, we demonstrate an ultrasensitive approach to detect the concentration of chemical gas. The obtained sensitivities are 0.2 and 0.5 ppm for NH3 and xylene gas, respectively, which are tens of times higher than that of a GMFBG without graphene for tiny gas concentration change detection. Experimental results indicate that the GMFBG-based NH3 gas sensor has fast response due to its highly compact structure. Such a miniature fiber-optic element may find applications in high sensitivity gas sensing and trace analysis.
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Hypoxia augments the calcium-activated chloride current carried by anoctamin-1 in cardiac vascular endothelial cells of neonatal mice.
Br. J. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2014
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The molecular identity of calcium-activated chloride channels (CaCCs) in vascular endothelial cells remains unknown. This study sought to identify whether anoctamin-1 (Ano1, also known as TMEM16A) functions as a CaCC and whether hypoxia alters the biophysical properties of Ano1 in mouse cardiac vascular endothelial cells (CVECs).
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Highly sensitive force sensor based on optical microfiber asymmetrical Fabry-Perot interferometer.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2014
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An asymmetrical Fabry-Perot interferometric (AFPI) force sensor is fabricated based on a narrowband reflection of low-reflectivity fiber Bragg grating (LR-FBG) and a broadband Fresnel reflection of the cleaved fiber end. The AFPI sensor includes a section of microfiber made by tapering and it achieves a force sensitivity of 0.221 pm/?N with a tapered microfiber of 40 mm length and 6.1 ?m waist diameter. Compared with similar AFPI structure in 125 ?m-diameter single mode fiber, the force sensitivity of the microfiber AFPI structure is greatly enhanced due to its smaller diameter and can be optimized for different force scales by controlling the diameter. The fabrication process of the AFPI sensor is simple and cost-effective. The AFPI sensor has better multiplexing capacity than conventional extrinsic fiber-optic Fabry-Perot sensors, while it also release the requirement on the wavelength matching of the FBG-pair-based FPI.
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Characterization of Cardiac Anoctamin1 Ca(2+) -activated Chloride Channels and Functional Role in Ischemia-Induced Arrhythmias.
J. Cell. Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2014
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Anoctamin1 (ANO1) encodes a Ca(2+) -activated chloride (Cl(-) ) channel (CaCC) in variety tissues of many species. Whether ANO1 expresses and functions as a CaCC in cardiomyocytes remain unknown. The objective of this study is to characterize the molecular and functional expression of ANO1 in cardiac myocytes and the role of ANO1-encoded CaCCs in ischemia-induced arrhythmias in the heart. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR, immunofluorescence staining assays and immunohistochemisrty identified the molecular expression, location and distribution of ANO1 in mouse ventricular myocytes (mVMs). Patch-clamp recordings combined with pharmacological analyses found that ANO1 was responsible for a Ca(2+) -activated Cl(-) current (ICl.Ca ) in cardiomyocytes. Myocardial ischemia led to a significant increase in the current density of ICl.Ca , which was inhibited by a specific ANO1 inhibitor, T16Ainh -A01, and an antibody targeting at the pore area of ANO1. Moreover, cardiomyocytes isolated from mice with ischemia-induced arrhythmias had an accelerated early phase 1 repolarization of action potentials (APs) and a deeper "spike and dome" compared to control cardiomyocytes from non-ischemia mice. Application of the antibody targeting at ANO1 pore prevented the ischemia-induced early phase 1 repolarization acceleration and caused a much shallower "spike and dome". We conclude that ANO1 encodes CaCC and plays a significant role in the phase 1 repolarization of APs in mVMs. The ischemia-induced increase in ANO1 expression may be responsible for the increased density of ICl.Ca in the ischemic heart and may contribute, at least in part, to ischemia-induced arrhythmias. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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Ethanol extract of Dendrobium chrysotoxum Lindl ameliorates diabetic retinopathy and its mechanism.
Vascul. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 02-06-2014
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Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most common and serious complication of diabetes mellitus (DM). The present study investigates the amelioration of ethanol extract of Dendrobium chrysotoxum Lindl (DC) on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DR and its engaged mechanism. Retinal immunofluorescence staining with cluster of differentiation 31 (CD31) demonstrated that DC (30-300 mg/kg) decreased the increased retinal vessels in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Retinal histopathological observation also showed that retinal vessels were decreased in DC-treated diabetic rats. DC decreased the increased retinal mRNA expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2) in diabetic rats, and DC also decreased the elevated serum VEGF level. Immunohistochemical staining further evidenced that DC decreased VEGF and VEGFR2 expression in retinas. Retinal mRNA expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2/9 was decreased in DC (300 mg/kg)-treated diabetic rats. Serum levels of MMP 2/9, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) A/B, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), interleukin 1? (IL-1?), and IL-6 were all decreased in DC-treated diabetic rats. In addition, DC decreased the increased phosphorylation of p65 and the increased expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). In conclusion, DC can alleviate retinal angiogenesis during the process of DR via inhibiting the expression of VEGF/VEGFR2, and some other pro-angiogenic factors such as MMP 2/9, PDGF A/B, bFGF, IGF-1. In addition, DC can also ameliorate retinal inflammation via inhibiting NF?B signaling pathway.
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Soluble calreticulin induces tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?) and interleukin (IL)-6 production by macrophages through mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and NF?B signaling pathways.
Int J Mol Sci
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2014
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We have recently reported that soluble calreticulin (CRT) accumulates in the sera of patients with rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus. Moreover, following self-oligomerization, soluble recombinant CRT (rCRT) polypeptides exhibit potent immunostimulatory activities including macrophage activation in vitro and antibody induction in vivo. This study was designed to further investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms for soluble CRT-induced macrophage activation. Treatment of murine macrophages with oligomerized rCRT (OrCRT) led to (i) TNF-? and IL-6 transcription and protein expression without affecting intracellular mRNA stability; and (ii) I?B? degradation, NF?B phosphorylation and sustained MAPK phosphorylation in cells. Inhibition of IKK and JNK in macrophages substantially abrogated production of TNF-? and IL-6 induced by OrCRT, while ERK suppression only reduced IL-6 expression in parallel experiments. In vitro, fucoidan, a scavenger receptor A (SRA)-specific ligand, significantly reduced the uptake of FITC-labeled OrCRT by macrophages and subsequent MAPK and NF?B activation, thereby suggesting SRA as one of the potential cell surface receptors for soluble CRT. Together, these data indicate that soluble CRT in oligomerized form could play a pathogenic role in autoimmune diseases through induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines (e.g., TNF-? and IL-6) by macrophages via MAPK-NF?B signaling pathway.
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DNA Damage Enhanced by the Attenuation of SLD5 Delays Cell Cycle Restoration in Normal Cells but Not in Cancer Cells.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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SLD5 is a member of the GINS complex composed of PSF1, PSF2, PSF3 and SLD5, playing a critical role in the formation of the DNA replication fork with CDC45 in yeast. Previously, we had isolated a PSF1 orthologue from a murine hematopoietic stem cell DNA library and were then able to identify orthologues of all the other GINS members by the yeast two hybrid approach using PSF1 as the bait. These GINS orthologues may also function in DNA replication in mammalian cells because they form tetrameric complexes as observed in yeast, and gene deletion mutants of both PSF1 and SLD5 result in a lack of epiblast proliferation and early embryonic lethality. However, we found that PSF1 is also involved in chromosomal segregation in M phase, consistent with recent suggestions that homologues of genes associated with DNA replication in lower organisms also regulate cellular events other than DNA replication in mammalian cells. Here we analyzed the function of SLD5 other than DNA replication and found that it is active in DNA damage and repair. Attenuation of SLD5 expression results in marked DNA damage in both normal cells and cancer cells, suggesting that it protects against DNA damage. Attenuation of SLD5 delays the DNA repair response and cell cycle restoration in normal cells but not in cancer cells. These findings suggest that SLD5 might represent a therapeutic target molecule acting at the level of tumor stromal cells rather than the cancerous cells themselves, because development of the tumor microenvironment could be delayed or disrupted by the suppression of its expression in the normal cell types within the tumor.
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[Impacts of electroacupuncture on ubiquitin-proteasome system in rats with Parkinsons disease].
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu
PUBLISHED: 11-08-2013
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To explore action mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) on treatment and prevention of Parkinsons disease (PD).
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Prognostic variables for clinical outcomes in valvular heart disease patients with moderate to severe secondary tricuspid regurgitation.
J. Heart Valve Dis.
PUBLISHED: 10-25-2013
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Secondary tricuspid regurgitation (STR) is frequently seen in cardiology practice. Currently, few data are available on the prognostic variables associated with moderate or severe STR on death and progression to valve surgery. Hence, the study aim was to identify these prognostic variables.
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Differential effect of waterborne cadmium exposure on lipid metabolism in liver and muscle of yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco.
Aquat. Toxicol.
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2013
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The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of waterborne cadmium (Cd) exposure on lipid metabolism in liver and muscle of juvenile yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco. Yellow catfish were exposed to 0 (control), 0.49 and 0.95 mg Cd/l, respectively, for 6 weeks, the lipid deposition, Cd accumulation, the activities and expression level of several enzymes as well as the mRNA expression of transcription factors involved in lipid metabolism in liver and muscle were determined. Waterborne Cd exposure reduced growth performance, but increased Cd accumulation in liver and muscle. In liver, lipid content, the activities and the mRNA expression of lipogenic enzymes (6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGD), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), fatty acid synthetase (FAS)) and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity increased with increasing waterborne Cd concentrations. However, the mRNA expressions of LPL and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor (PPAR) ? were down-regulated by Cd exposure. Carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT1) activity as well as the mRNA expressions of CPT1 and PPAR? showed no significant differences among the treatments. In muscle, lipid contents showed no significant differences among the treatments. The mRNA expression of 6PGD, FAS, CPT1, LPL, PPAR? and PPAR? were down-regulated by Cd exposure. Thus, our study indicated that Cd triggered hepatic lipid accumulation through the improvement of lipogenesis, and that lipid homeostasis in muscle was probably conducted by the down-regulation of both lipogenesis and lipolysis. Different variation patterns of lipid metabolism to waterborne Cd exposure indicated the tissue-specific regulatory effect of lipid metabolism under waterborne Cd exposure. To our knowledge, the present study provides, for the first time, evidence that waterborne chronic Cd exposure can disturb the normal processes of lipid metabolism at both the enzymatic and molecular levels, and in two tissues (the liver and muscle).
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[Relationship between pCO2 and algal biomass in Xiangxi Bay in spring].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 08-07-2013
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Water temperature (WT), pH, HCO3-, dissolved oxygen and the concentration of Chl-a in Xiangxi Bay were measured in spring. The partial pressure of carbon dioxide was calculated by the chemical balance and Henrys Law while CO2 flux by the thin-layer diffusion model. Results showed that pCO2 of surface water in Xiangxi Bay varied from 8.34 microatm to 168.70 microatm with a mean of 49.01 microatm. pCO2 increased along the stream with Chl-a decreased from upstream to the estuary. The mean of pCO2 was 117.92 microatm on the diurnal scale, ranging from 74.43 microatm to 168.70 microatm, and the mean concentration of Chl-a was 3.04 mg x m(-3) with the range from 2.22 mg x m(-3) to 4.55 mg x m(-3). There were statistically significant negative correlations between values for pCO2 and Chl-a (r = -0.844, P < 0.01). Phytoplankton photosynthesis in Xiangxi Bay played a crucial role in the spatial and temporal distribution of pCO2. The undersaturation observed suggests that surface waters in Xiangxi Bay represented a sink for atmospheric CO2 in spring, and the exchange rate of CO2 was estimated to be -35.17 mmol x (m2 x d)(-1).
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Graded-index fiber tip optical tweezers: numerical simulation and trapping experiment.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2013
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Optical fiber tweezers based on a graded-index multimode fiber (GIMMF) tip is proposed. Light propagation characteristics and gradient force distribution near the GIMMF tip are numerically investigated, which are further compared with that of optical fiber tips based on conventional single mode fibers. The simulated results indicated that by selecting optimal GIMMF length, the gradient force of the GIMMF tip tweezers is about 4 times higher than that of the SMF tip tweezers with a same shape. To prove the feasibility of such a new concept, optical trapping of yeast cells with a diameter of ~5 ?m using the chemically-etched GIMMF tip is experimentally demonstrated and the trapping force is also calculated.
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[Diurnal changes in greenhouse gases at water-air interface of Xiangxi River in autumn and their influencing factors].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 06-27-2013
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With the closed chamber and gas chromatography method, a 24-hour continuous monitoring was carried out to understand the greenhouse gases fluxes across the water-air interface of the Xiangxi River Bay, the Three-Gorges Reservoir in Autumn. Results indicated that the fluxes of CO2, CH4 and N2O across the water-air interface showed an obvious diurnal variation. The absorption and emission process of CH4 showed strong diurnal variation during the experimental period, reaching the highest emission at 1 am, whereas CO2 and N2O were emitted all day. The fluxes of CO2 ranged from 20.1-97.5 mg x (m2 x h)(-1) at day and 32.7-42.5 mg x (m2 x h)(-1) at night, the fluxes of N2O ranged from 18.4-133.7 microg x (m2 x h)(-1) at day and 42.1-102.6 microg x (m2 x h)(-1) at night. The fluxes of CO2 had positive correlation with wind speed and negative correlation with pH. The fluxes of N2O had positive correlation with pH.
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[Bibenzyl from Dendrobium inhibits angiogenesis and its underlying mechanism].
Yao Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 06-04-2013
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Bibenzyl is a type of active compounds abundant in Dendrobium. In the present study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of six bibenzyls isolated from Dendrobium species on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced tube formation in human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs). All those bibenzyls inhibited VEGF-induced tube formation at 10 micromol x L(-1) except tristin, and of which moscatilin was found to have the strongest activity at the same concentration. The lowest effective concentration of moscatilin was 1 micromol x L(-1). Further results showed that moscatilin inhibited VEGF-induced capillary-like tube formation on HUVECs in a concentration-dependent manner. Western blotting results showed that moscatilin also inhibited VEGF-induced phosphorylation of VEGFR2 (Flk-1/KDR) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2). Further results showed that moscatilin inhibited VEGF-induced activation of c-Raf and MEK1/2, which are both upstream signals of ERK1/2. Taken together, results presented here demonstrated that moscatilin inhibited angiogenesis via blocking the activation of VEGFR2 (Flk-1/KDR) and c-Raf-MEK1/2-ERK1/2 signals.
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[Relationships between grazing-path and Berberis aggregate population characteristics in upper reaches of Minjiang River, Southwest China].
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 05-31-2013
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Taking the Berberis aggregate shrubs in the ecotone of dry valley and montane forests in upper reaches of Minjiang River as study objects, and by the methods of tracking grazing and field survey, this paper studied the characteristics of habitat utilization by livestock and the features of grazing-path. The major factors affecting the features of grazing-path were screened by redundancy analysis (RDA), and the relationships of the grazing-path features with the coverage, size class, and distribution pattern of the shrubs were analyzed. It was shown that the distribution pattern of the grazing-path could intuitively reflect the characteristics of the habitat utilization by livestock, being in accordance with the results of tracking grazing. The Morisita index at 5 m scale could objectively reflect the distribution type of the grazing-path. Sample plots 1, 2 and 6 presented a contagious distribution of grazing-path, while the other plots showed regular distribution. In slope scale, the coverage and height of the shrubs were the notable affecting factors, which had negative correlations with the grazing-path features. There was a significant negative correlation between the coverage of B. aggregate population and the area of grazing-path. The population structure of B. aggregate had a close correlation with the distribution of grazing-path. The ratio of the long axis to short axis of the shrubs was averagely 1.29, and the shape of the shrubs approached to round. It was considered that the grazing-path landscape and the livestock on the grazing-paths had the function of reconstructing the shape of the shrubs. The directionality of the population pattern of B. aggregate was generally in line with the distribution type of grazing-path, but actually, they were opposite in distribution. The patches of the shrubs were in aggregated or uniform distribution in the areas deviated from the grazing-path.
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VX680 suppresses the growth of HepG2 cells and enhances the chemosensitivity to cisplatin.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2013
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VX680 is an Aurora A inhibitor. It has been reported to inhibit the growth of the HepG2 cell line in several studies. However, whether it enhances chemosensitivity to cisplatin remains unclear. In this study, the synergistic effect of VX680 and cisplatin on the proliferation of HepG2 cells was determined by MTT assay. The changes in cell apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. Aurora A, Bcl-2 and p53 protein levels were analyzed by western blotting. This study demonstrated that VX680, cisplatin and a combination of the two inhibit the growth of HepG2 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. A synergistic effect was observed with the combined therapy. Moreover, the inhibitory effect of VX680 was positively correlated with the expression of Aurora A. The rate of apoptosis in the combined group was significantly higher compared with that of the VX680 and cisplatin groups. In addition, VX680 and cisplatin increased the expression of the p53 protein. Cisplatin reduced the expression of Bcl-2 protein, while VX680 did not. In the combined group, the expression of Bcl-2 and p53 changed significantly compared with the single drug group and control group. This study suggests that Aurora A may represent a valid target in hepatocellular carcinoma. We also demonstrated that the Aurora A inhibitor VX680 has a synergistic effect with cisplatin.
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"Texas-sized" molecular boxes: building blocks for the construction of anion-induced supramolecular species via self-assembly.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2013
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It was previously established that the flexible tetraimidazolium macrocycle cyclo[2](2,6-bis(1H-imidazol-1-yl)pyridine)[2](1,4-dimethylenebenzene) (1(4+)) is capable of stabilizing higher-order supramolecular structures via both anion and cation recognition. Described herein is a set of structurally related imidazolium macrocycles (2(4+)-4(4+)) that contain modified central cores. The flexible nature of these new constructs is highlighted by the isolation of several independent crystalline forms for the same basic structure. Each of the individual receptors was found to bind the 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylate dianion and to stabilize the formation of self-associated structures. The observed binding modes and resulting supramolecular organizational forms were found to differ dramatically depending on the nature of the bridging group present in the imidazolium macrocycle. This finding was established by solution studies involving, inter alia, one- and two-dimensional ((1)H, (1)H-(1)H COSY, DOSY, and NOESY) NMR spectroscopy as well as electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The new systems in this report serve to expand the available "tool box" for the construction of complex self-assembled materials while providing insights into the determinants that regulate the formation of specific supramolecular structures from flexible receptors capable of adopting multiple stable conformations.
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Differential effects of the chronic and acute zinc exposure on carnitine composition, kinetics of carnitine palmitoyltransferases I (CPT I) and mRNA levels of CPT I isoforms in yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco.
Chemosphere
PUBLISHED: 03-28-2013
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The present study is conducted to determine the effect of acute and chronic zinc (Zn) exposure on carnitine concentration, carnitine palmitoyltransferases I (CPT I) kinetics, and expression levels of CPT I isoforms in liver, muscle and heart of yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco. To this end, yellow catfish are subjected to chronic waterborne Zn exposure (0.05 mg Zn L(-1), 0.35 mg Zn L(-1) and 0.86 mg Zn L(-1), respectively) for 8 weeks and acute Zn exposure (0.05 mg Zn L(-1) and 4.71 mg L(-1)Zn, respectively) for 96 h, respectively. Reduced Michaelis-Menten constants (Km) and maximal reaction rates (Vmax) values in liver and muscle are observed in fish exposed to chronic Zn concentration. In contrast, Vmax and Km values in heart increase with increasing Zn concentration. Chronic Zn exposure also significantly influences the contents of free carnitine (FC), total carnitine (TC) and acylcarnitine (AC) in liver and heart, but not in muscle. The acute Zn exposure significantly increases FC, AC, TC contents in liver and muscle, but reduces their contents in heart. The chronic and acute Zn exposure influences the mRNA levels of four CPT I isoforms (CPT I?1b, CPT I?, CPT I?2a and CPT I?1a) in liver, muscle and heart. Furthermore, correlations are observed in the mRNA levels between CPT I isoforms and Km, and between isoforms expression and activity of CPT I. Thus, chronic and acute Zn exposure shows differential effects on carnitine content, CPT I kinetics and mRNA levels of four CPT I isoforms in yellow catfish, which provides new mechanism for Zn exposure on lipid metabolism and also novel insights into Zn toxicity in fish.
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Intermedin modulates hypoxic pulmonary vascular remodeling by inhibiting pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell proliferation.
Pulm Pharmacol Ther
PUBLISHED: 03-25-2013
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Hypoxic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a disabling disease with limited treatment options. Hypoxic pulmonary vascular remodeling is a major cause of hypoxic PAH. Pharmacological agents that can inhibit the remodeling process may have great therapeutic value.
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Estrogen-related receptor ? is involved in the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells isolated from human periodontal ligaments.
Int. J. Mol. Med.
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2013
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Recently, it has been reported that the orphan nuclear receptor estrogen-related receptor ? (ERR?) is involved in the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Moreover, ERR? has been identified as a novel therapeutic target for treating osteoporosis and other bone diseases. Human periodontal ligament tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hPDLSCs) have recently been used in stem cell-mediated therapies because of their multipotency, particularly toward osteogenic differentiation. However, it is still unclear whether ERR? can regulate the osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs. In the present study, we investigated the role of ERR? in the osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs in vitro. We isolated hPDLSCs and confirmed their capacity for multipotent differentiation. Furthermore, we examined ERR? expression in hPDLSCs by RT-PCR and immunocytochemistry. We found that the expression of ERR? mRNA was significantly increased during the late stage of osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs. Moreover, transfection of recombinant lentiviral-mediated miRNA targeting ERR? significantly suppressed ALP activity, mineralization capacity, and the mRNA expression of osteogenesis-related genes (ALP, OCN, RUNX2 and OPN) in hPDLSCs. Our results indicate that ERR? may promote the osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs in vitro.
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Differential effects of acute and chronic zinc (Zn) exposure on hepatic lipid deposition and metabolism in yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco.
Aquat. Toxicol.
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2013
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The present study is conducted to determine the potential mechanisms of Zn on hepatic lipid deposition and metabolism for yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco with 8-week chronic exposure to low Zn levels (Zn levels: 0.05, 0.35 and 0.86mg/l Zn, respectively) and 96-h acute exposure to a high Zn level (Zn level: 4.71mg/l Zn, respectively). For that purpose, hepatic lipid deposition and Zn accumulation, hepatic carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPT I) and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activities, and the hepatic mRNA expression of ten genes involved in lipid metabolism are determined. Chronic (8 weeks) exposure to low Zn levels apparently increases hepatic lipid content, hepatosomatic index (HSI) (P<0.05) and LPL activity, and reduces hepatic CPT I activity. In contrast, the acute (96h) exposure to high Zn level reduces hepatic lipid content, HSI and LPL activity, and increases CPT I activity. The change of mRNA levels of genes related to lipid metabolism is Zn concentration-dependent. Pearson correlations among mRNA expression levels, lipid content, CPT I and LPL activities in liver are also observed in yellow catfish with the 8-week chronic Zn exposure. For the first time, our study demonstrates the effect of waterborne Zn exposure on lipid metabolism at the molecular levels in fish, which may contribute to understanding the mechanism of Zn-induced hepatic toxicity in fish.
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Suppression of GLUT1; a new strategy to prevent diabetic complications.
J. Cell. Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2013
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High blood glucose results in high glucose levels in retina, because GLUT1, the sole glucose transporter between blood and retina, transports more glucose when blood glucose is high. This is the ultimate cause of diabetic retinopathy. Knockdown of GLUT1 by intraocular injections of a pool of siRNAs directed against SLC2A1 mRNA which codes for GLUT1 significantly reduced mean retinal glucose levels in diabetic mice. Systemic treatment of diabetic mice with forskolin or genistein, which bind GLUT1 and inhibit glucose transport, significantly reduced retinal glucose to the same levels seen in non-diabetics. 1,9-Dideoxyforskolin, which binds GLUT1 but does not stimulate adenylate cyclase had an equivalent effect to that of forskolin regarding lowering retinal glucose in diabetics indicating that cyclic AMP is noncontributory. GLUT1 inhibitors also reduced glucose and glycohemoglobin levels in red blood cells providing a peripheral biomarker for the effect. In contrast, brain glucose levels were not increased in diabetics and not reduced by forskolin. Treatment of diabetics with forskolin prevented early biomarkers of diabetic retinopathy, including elevation of superoxide radicals, increased expression of the chaperone protein ?2 crystallin, and increased expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). These data identify GLUT1 as a promising therapeutic target for prevention of diabetic retinopathy.
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Association study of promoter polymorphisms in the CETP gene with longevity in the Han Chinese population.
Mol. Biol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2013
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The cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), which is involved in the regulation of reverse cholesterol transport and metabolism of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, has been proposed as a candidate gene for human longevity. SNPs in the promoter region of the CETP gene is likely important in regulation of the expression of the CETP gene. To explore the potential effects of the promoter polymorphisms in the CETP gene on longevity, we investigated the promoter polymorphisms in a sample of long-lived (?90 years old) Han Chinese collected from Southwestern China (N = 380). By resequencing 934 bp of the promoter region, genotypes of four SNPs (-573A/G, -629A/C, -971A/G, -1046T/C) were examined in this sample. However, no association could be confirmed between longevity and these SNPs or haplotypes inferred from them. A novel rare variant -573A/G was found and was found in heterozygote state only in five persons in the Longevity group. But it was not statistically significant (p = 0.075). We also examined this novel polymorphism -573A/G in another Han Chinese sample from Yunnan province, and it was not associated with longevity. The results from both samples suggest that there is likely no association of the CETP gene promoter polymorphisms with longevity, at least among Han Chinese.
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Requirement of SLD5 for Early Embryogenesis.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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SLD5 forms a GINS complex with PSF1, PSF2 and PSF3, which is essential for the initiation of DNA replication in lower eukaryotes. Although these components are conserved in mammals, their biological function is unclear. We show here that targeted disruption of SLD5 in mice causes a defect in cell proliferation in the inner cell mass, resulting in embryonic lethality at the peri-implantation stage, indicating that SLD5 is essential for embryogenesis. Moreover, this phenotype of SLD5 mutant mice is quite similar compared with that of PSF1 mutant mice. We have previously reported that haploinsufficiency of PSF1 resulted in failure of acute proliferation of bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) during reconstitution of bone marrow ablated by 5-FU treatment. Since SLD5 was highly expressed in bone marrow, we investigated its involvement in bone marrow reconstitution after bone marrow ablation as observed in PSF1 heterozygous mutant mice. However, heterozygous deletion of the SLD5 gene was found not to significantly affect bone marrow reconstitution. On the other hand, abundant SLD5 expression was observed in human cancer cell lines and heterozygous deletion of the gene attenuated tumor progression in a murine model of spontaneous gastric cancer. These indicated that requirement and dependency of SLD5 for cell proliferation is different in different cell types.
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Streptozotocin induced diabetic retinopathy in rat and the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and its receptor.
Int J Ophthalmol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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To establish the rat model of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic retinopathy (DR), which is the most common cause of visual loss and blindness in patients with diabetes, and observe the gene expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors during the development of DR.
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Self-oligomerization is essential for enhanced immunological activities of soluble recombinant calreticulin.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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We have recently reported that calreticulin (CRT), a luminal resident protein, can be found in the sera of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and also that recombinant CRT (rCRT) exhibits extraordinarily strong immunological activities. We herein further demonstrate that rCRT fragments 18-412 (rCRT/18-412), rCRT/39-272, rCRT/120-308 and rCRT/120-250 can self-oligomerize in solution and are 50-100 fold more potent than native CRT (nCRT, isolated from mouse livers) in activating macrophages in vitro. We narrowed down the active site of CRT to residues 150-230, the activity of which also depends on dimerization. By contrast, rCRT/18-197 is almost completely inactive. When rCRT/18-412 is fractionated into oligomers and monomers by gel filtration, the oligomers maintain most of their immunological activities in terms of activating macrophages in vitro and inducing specific antibodies in vivo, while the monomers were much less active by comparison. Additionally, rCRT/18-412 oligomers are much better than monomers in binding to, and uptake by, macrophages. Inhibition of macrophage endocytosis partially blocks the stimulatory effect of rCRT/18-412. We conclude that the immunologically active site of CRT maps between residues 198-230 and that soluble CRT could acquire potent immuno-pathological activities in microenvironments favoring its oligomerization.
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Multi component self-assembly: supramolecular organic frameworks containing metal-rotaxane subunits (RSOFs).
Dalton Trans
PUBLISHED: 12-09-2011
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A facile, one-pot synthesis of rotaxanated supramolecular organic frameworks (RSOFs) is reported. These systems consist of bis-carboxylate anions threaded through the core of tetraimidazolium macrocycles. Trivalent metal cations, yttrium(III) and smaller lanthanides, are used to "lock" the threaded strut in place. This results in the formation of three-dimensional RSOFs.
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[A retrospective analysis of clinical characteristics and mortality of gastrointestinal bleeding in 414 elderly patients].
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-19-2011
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To analyze clinical characteristics of patients with gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) and the death-related risk factors.
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[Molecular scanning of mtDNA gene in two early-onset diabetic pedigrees].
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
PUBLISHED: 10-20-2011
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To search for new potential diabetogenic mtDNA defects by scanning mtDNA genome in mitochondrial DNA diabetes (MDM) pedigrees.
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Rice DUR3 mediates high-affinity urea transport and plays an effective role in improvement of urea acquisition and utilization when expressed in Arabidopsis.
New Phytol.
PUBLISHED: 10-19-2011
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• Despite the great agricultural and ecological importance of efficient use of urea-containing nitrogen fertilizers by crops, molecular and physiological identities of urea transport in higher plants have been investigated only in Arabidopsis. • We performed short-time urea-influx assays which have identified a low-affinity and high-affinity (K(m) of 7.55 ?M) transport system for urea-uptake by rice roots (Oryza sativa). • A high-affinity urea transporter OsDUR3 from rice was functionally characterized here for the first time among crops. OsDUR3 encodes an integral membrane-protein with 721 amino acid residues and 15 predicted transmembrane domains. Heterologous expression demonstrated that OsDUR3 restored yeast dur3-mutant growth on urea and facilitated urea import with a K(m) of c. 10 ?M in Xenopus oocytes. • Quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analysis revealed upregulation of OsDUR3 in rice roots under nitrogen-deficiency and urea-resupply after nitrogen-starvation. Importantly, overexpression of OsDUR3 complemented the Arabidopsis atdur3-1 mutant, improving growth on low urea and increasing root urea-uptake markedly. Together with its plasma membrane localization detected by green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagging and with findings that disruption of OsDUR3 by T-DNA reduces rice growth on urea and urea uptake, we suggest that OsDUR3 is an active urea transporter that plays a significant role in effective urea acquisition and utilisation in rice.
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Immuno-hybridization chain reaction for enhancing detection of individual cytokine-secreting human peripheral mononuclear cells.
Anal. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 08-15-2011
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We present here a new method to enhance the detection of secreted cytokines and chemokines from single human mononuclear cells. The technique uses a hybridization chain reaction (HCR) to amplify signals resulting from sandwich immunoassays. This immuno-HCR employs oligonucleotide-based initiators covalently linked to antibodies to propagate a chain reaction of hybridization events involving a pair of complementary hairpin oligomers bearing fluorescent labels. Integrating this strategy for signal amplification with microengraving (a soft lithographic method for printing arrays of secreted proteins from thousands of single cells) improves both the limits of detection and sensitivity for cytokines and chemokines captured from individual cells by an average of 200-fold relative to methods for direct detection by fluoresence. This approach should enhance the utility of microengraving for defining the immunological signatures of diseases and responses to interventional therapies based on multiplexed single-cell analysis.
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Evaluation of visual functional and morphology change in young patients with idiopathic choroidal neovascularization.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2011
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Idiopathic choroidal neovascularization (ICNV) is an uncommon disorder affecting primarily individuals younger than the age of 50 years. In CNV patients, no apparent cause can be determined. This study aimed to evaluate the functional and morphological change of the retina with ICNV in young adults.
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[Prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes mellitus in the first-degree relatives of patients with type 2 diabetes in Chengdu].
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
PUBLISHED: 04-20-2011
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To investigate the prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes mellitus in the first-degree relatives (FDR) of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Chengdu.
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Mapping quantitative trait loci for T lymphocyte subpopulations in peripheral blood in swine.
BMC Genet.
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2011
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Increased disease resistance through improved general immune capacity would be beneficial for the welfare and productivity of farm animals. T lymphocyte subpopulations in peripheral blood play an important role in immune capacity and disease resistance in animals. However, very little research to date has focused on quantitative trait loci (QTL) for T lymphocyte subpopulations in peripheral blood in swine.
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[Effect of dantrolene on energy metabolism in rats with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 03-23-2011
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To investigate the effect of dantrolene on energy metabolism in rats with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion.
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[The clinical characteristics of ulcerative colitis of 525 hospital-based patients from 1994 to 2009].
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 03-23-2011
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To investigate the clinical characteristics and chronological change of ulcerative colitis (UC) in the Chinese PLA General Hospital in near 16 years.
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Anion-directed assembly of a three-dimensional metal-organic rotaxane framework.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 03-17-2011
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A three-dimensional extended, metal-organic rotaxane framework (MORF) that incorporates encircled "struts" has been synthesized through a one-pot self-assembly process involving a macrocyclic tetraimidazolium "molecular box", naphthalene dicaboxylate dianion, and Zn(II) cations. The present system represents progress towards controlling the features of three-dimensional metal-organic frameworks.
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[Diagnostic value of serum CEACAM1 in patients with pancreatic cancer].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2011
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To investigate the diagnostic value of serum CEACAM1 in patients with pancreatic cancer.
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3-[1-(4-Chloro-phen-yl)eth-yl]-1,3-thia-zinane-2-thione.
Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2011
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In the title compound, C(12)H(14)ClNS(2), the thia-zole ring adopts an envelope conformation; the basal plane is nearly perpendicular to the benzene ring at a dihedral angle of 85.72?(5)°. Weak inter-molecular C-H?S hydrogen bonding is present in the crystal structure.
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Environmentally responsive threading, dethreading, and fixation of anion-induced pseudorotaxanes.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2011
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The tetracationic macrocycle cyclo[2](2,6-di(1H-imidazol-1-yl)pyridine)[2](1,4-dimethylenebenzene) hexafluorophosphate (1(4+)·4PF(6)(-)) acts as a large, flexible "molecular box" that supports the formation of environmentally responsive anion-induced pseudorotaxanes, as well as other extended structures, including metal-linked supramolecular polyrotaxanes. Specifically, the combination of the tetracation 1(4+) and bis-carboxylate guests derived from 4,4-biphenyldicarboxylic acid and 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid results in the formation of pseudorotaxanes that respond to changes in environmental stimuli, including pH and temperature. The resulting structures can be "locked into place" via the addition of a metal-linker in the form of Ag(I); this gives rise to an ordered metal-linked polyrotaxane. The interpenetrated constructs described in this article were characterized in solution and in the solid state by one- and two-dimensional ((1)H and NOESY) NMR spectroscopy, as well as by mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods.
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[Study of metabolic syndrome and insulin secretion function in first-degree relatives of type 2 diabetic patients in a large cohort study in Sichuan province of China].
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-25-2010
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This investigation was directed to the metabolic syndrome and the islet beta-cell secretory function in the first-degree relatives (FDR) of type 2 diabetic patients in Sichuan province. A large cohort study was designed. Totally 1929 subjects were investigated. They were in two groups: FDR group comprising 505 first-degree relatives of type 2 diabetic patients, and Control group comprising 1424 controls without positive family history of Diabetes. Blood pressure, weight, waist, plasma glucose, lipids and insulin were measured. HOMA-IR and HOMA-beta indexes were used to evaluate insulin resistance and beta-cell secretion function. The insulin sensitivity index (ISI) and glucose disposition index (DI) were also used to evaluate insulin resistance. After adjustment for age and sex, HOMA-IR increased, ISI, DI and HOMA-beta decreased in FDR group when compared with controls (P < 0.05). The incidence of co-existed three or more metabolic disorders and metabolic syndrome was higher in FDR group than that in control group (P < 0.05). In FDR group, HOMA-IR increased, HOMA-beta, DI and ISI decreased while the number of co-existing metabolic disorders increased. But when the number of co-existing metabolic disorders > or = 4, HOMA-IR increased no longer and ISI decreased no more. Metabolic disorders occurred more frequently in FDR of diabetic patients than those in individuals without positive family history. As the number of co-existing metabolic disorders increased, the beta-cell secretion function and insulin sensitivity became worse. Our study indicated that it is necessary to keep on monitoring the metabolic index in FDR of type 2 diabetes and provide early preventive interventions.
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[Variations of the amount of sialic acids on hepatocellular carcinoma cell membrane].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 10-23-2010
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To observe the change in the amount of sialic acids on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell membrane.
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[Fractal features of soil aggregate structure in slope farmland with different de-farming patterns in South Sichuan Province of China].
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 09-30-2010
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By using fractal model, this paper studied the fractal dimension of soil aggregate structure (D) in the slope farmland (CK), its 5-year de-farmed Neosinocalamus affinis plantation (NAP), Bambusa pervariabilis x Dendrocalamopsis oldhami plantation (BDP), Alnus crenastogyne + Neosinocalamus affinis plantation (ANP), and abandoned farmland (AFL) in south Sichuan Province of China, and analyzed the relationships between the D and soil physical and chemical properties. In the de-farmed plantations and abandoned farmland, the contents of > 0.25 mm soil aggregates and water-stable aggregates were increased significantly, compared with those in the slope farmland. The D was 1.377-2.826, being in the order of NAP < BDP < ANP < AFL < CK, and decreased with the increasing contents of > 0.25 mm soil aggregates and water-stable aggregates. Comparing with CK, de-farming increased the soil natural water content, capillary porosity, and contents of soil organic matter, total N, alkali-hydrolysable N, total P, and total K, and decreased soil bulk density, non-capillary porosity, and aeration porosity. There were close relationships between the fractal dimension of soil aggregate structure and the soil physical and chemical properties. All the results suggested that the de-farming of slope farmland was beneficial to the increase of the contents of > 0.25 mm soil aggregates and water-stable aggregates, and the enhancement of soil structure stability. The D could be used as an ideal index to evaluate soil fertility, and planting Neosinocalamus affinis on the de-farming slope farmland was a good measure for the improvement of soil fertility in the research area.
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A pyrrolyl-based triazolophane: a macrocyclic receptor with CH and NH donor groups that exhibits a preference for pyrophosphate anions.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
PUBLISHED: 09-22-2010
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A pyrrolyl-based triazolophane, incorporating CH and NH donor groups, acts as a receptor for the pyrophosphate anion in chloroform solution. It shows selectivity for this trianion, followed by HSO(4)(-) > H(2)PO(4)(-) > Cl(-) > Br(-) (all as the corresponding tetrabutylammonium salts), with NH-anion interactions being more important than CH-anion interactions. In the solid state, the receptor binds the pyrophosphate anion in a clip-like slot via NH and CH hydrogen bonds.
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Construction of a fusion expression plasmid containing the G250 gene and human granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor and its significance in renal cell carcinoma.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 08-23-2010
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This study aimed to construct a eukaryotic expression plasmid containing the G250/MN/CA IX (G250) and human granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (hGM-CSF) genes, and to detect the expression of these proteins in vitro by recombinant plasmids in eukaryotic cells. pORF-hGM-CSF and pcDNA3.0-G250 were used as the template to amplify G250 and hGM-CSF by routine polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The two PCR products were cloned into the eukaryotic vector pVAX1, in order to construct a recombinant plasmid pVAX1-G250-hGM, and the plasmid was transfected into human embryonic kidney 293 cells. The protein expression was then determined by immunocytochemistry, atomic force microscopy, ELISA and Western blotting. DNA sequencing showed that the cloned G250 and hGM-CSF sequences were consistent with the reported Gene Bank ones. Moreover, a high expression was noted following recombinant plasmid transfection of the G250 and hGM-CSF proteins. Thus, the eukaryotic expression vector pVAX1-G250-hGM containing G250 and hGM-CSF was constructed, allowing for the investigation of the anti-G250 antigen vaccine and immune response mechanisms of biological immunotherapy in renal cell carcinoma.
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A ray-transfer-matrix model for hybrid fiber Fabry-Perot sensor based on graded-index multimode fiber.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 08-20-2010
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A theoretical model based on the ray-transfer-matrix method is developed for explaining the principle of a graded-index multimode fiber (GI-MMF) based hybrid fiber Fabry-Perot (GI-FFP) sensor. It is verified by the numerical simulations and experimental results that the high fringe contrast of the reflective spectrum of the sensor is due to the periodic self-focusing effect of the GI-MMF. The influence of the GI-MMF length on the shape of reflective spectrum and corresponding maximum fringe contrast are investigated. Experimental results are in good agreement with the theory. A typical GI-FFP sensor is fabricated and its response to the external refractive index is measured with a maximum sensitivity of approximately 160 dB/RIU (Refractive Index Unit).
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Massively parallel detection of gene expression in single cells using subnanolitre wells.
Lab Chip
PUBLISHED: 08-04-2010
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The relationship between the expression of particular genes in cells and their impact on phenotypic characteristics is important for understanding how cells regulate responses to their environment. We have developed a microwell-based method to detect copies of mRNA transcripts directly from individual cells by one-step, single-cell, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Our approach permits the detection of mRNA transcripts of interest for more than 6000 single cells in parallel per assay with high sensitivity and specificity for constitutively active genes. This simple method was also combined with microengraving and image-based cytometry to examine the relationships between gene expression and cellular secretion of antibodies in a clonal population. We observed that most individual human B cell hybridomas transcribed a requisite gene for their antibodies, but only a subset of those cells secreted the antibody. The technique should also allow the detection of replicating intracellular pathogens such as retroviruses.
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Relationship of myocardial mechanics and regional volume change in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging
PUBLISHED: 07-28-2010
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The contraction and rotation of left ventricular (LV) segments in a synchronous fashion is vital for cardiac pump function. However, no data exist regarding the relationship of LV segmental mechanics and regional volume change in patients with LV systolic dysfunction. Thirty-two patients with EF < 50% and fifty-two normal subjects were enrolled. The radius strain and rotation were assessed in six segments at three short axis views using speckle tracking imaging. The mean and standard deviation (SD) of the strain peak time index (SPTI%) and the rotation peak time index (RPTI%) for each view were calculated as representing myocardial segmental synchrony. The mean and the SD of the 4-D mini-volume time index (VMTI, %) from 16 regions were calculated as representing regional volume change using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT-3DE). The SD for each time index was averaged as the systolic dyssynchrony index (SDI) in both groups. The differences of the SPTI and the RPTI to the VMTI (T(sv) and T(rv)) were calculated as dyssynchrony between myocardial segmental mechanics and regional volume change. The time interval of the RPTI between apical and basal rotation (T(abrot)) was also calculated. The relationship of T(sv), T(rv) and T(abrot) to LV ejection fraction (EF) was then analyzed. In patients with LV systolic dysfunction, both peak strain and peak rotation occurred later than the regional minimum volume (55.3 ± 11.1% vs. 45.9 + 5.5%; 50.4 ± 8.7% vs. 45.9 ± 5.5% (both P < 0.05) as compared with normal subjects (41.1 ± 6.6% vs. 40.3 ± 3.8%; 44.1 ± 7.5% vs. 40.3 ± 3.8%). The SDI in each time index is also significantly wider than in normal subjects (P < 0.001). In addition, there was a negative correlation between T(sv), T(rv) and T(abrot) with EF, respectively (P < 0.05). In patients with abnormal LV systolic function the rotation occurs significantly later than regional volume change as compared with normal subjects. There is a negative correlation between this time delay and LVEF. Thus, the relationship of myocardial segmental change and regional volume change could provide insight into intraventricular dyssynchrony in patients with LV systolic dysfunction.
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[Effects of survivin antisense RNA and HSP70 double gene transfection on MCF-7 cells in vitro].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 07-24-2010
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To explore the effects of survivin antisense RNA and HSP70 double gene transfection on breast cancer cell line MCF-7.
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Agents that bind annexin A2 suppress ocular neovascularization.
J. Cell. Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 07-08-2010
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TM601 is a synthetic polypeptide with sequence derived from the venom of the scorpion Leiurus quinquestriatus that has anti-neoplastic activity. It has recently been demonstrated to bind annexin A2 on cultured tumor and vascular endothelial cells and to suppress blood vessel growth on chick chorioallantoic membrane. In this study, we investigated the effects of TM601 in models of ocular neovascularization (NV). When administered by intraocular injection, intravenous injections, or periocular injections, TM601 significantly suppressed the development of choroidal NV at rupture sites in Bruchs membrane. Treatment of established choroidal NV with TM601 caused apoptosis of endothelial cells and regression of the NV. TM601 suppressed ischemia-induced and vascular endothelial growth factor-induced retinal NV and reduced excess vascular permeability induced by vascular endothelial growth factor. Immunostaining with an antibody directed against TM601 showed that after intraocular or periocular injection, TM601 selectively bound to choroidal or retinal NV and co-localized with annexin A2, which is undetectable in normal retinal and choroidal vessels, but is upregulated in endothelial cells participating in choroidal or retinal NV. Intraocular injection of plasminogen or tissue plasminogen activator, which like TM601 bind to annexin A2, also suppressed retinal NV. This study supports the hypothesis that annexin A2 is an important target for treatment of neovascular diseases and suggests that TM601, through its interaction with annexin A2, causes suppression and regression of ocular NV and reduces vascular leakage and thus may provide a new treatment for blinding diseases such as neovascular age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy.
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Detection of quantitative trait loci affecting haematological traits in swine via genome scanning.
BMC Genet.
PUBLISHED: 06-28-2010
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Haematological traits, which consist of mainly three components: leukocyte traits, erythrocyte traits and platelet traits, play extremely important role in animal immune function and disease resistance. But knowledge of the genetic background controlling variability of these traits is very limited, especially in swine.
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[Be cautious of using anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy for treatment of macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion].
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-15-2010
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There are various therapies for the treatment of macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion (RVO). Intravitreous injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a new procedure. The efficacy and safety of this therapy have been widely proved in short term clinical observations. However, the relapse of macular edema and the requirement for multi-injections are still remaining problems. It requires more evidences to prove that a better long term prognosis could be obtained from this procedure as compared with traditional laser coagulation. The optimizing therapies should include a combination of anti-VEGF therapy with other drugs and laser treatment to decrease the risk of multi-injections and to obtain the best results. Selection of appropriate therapeutic procedure (based on the evidence based medicine) to protect and improve visual function are the important project of clinicians and require further exploration and investigation.
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Involvement of Na(+), K (+)-ATPase and its inhibitors in HuR-mediated cytokine mRNA stabilization in lung epithelial cells.
Cell. Mol. Life Sci.
PUBLISHED: 04-03-2010
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Increasing evidence demonstrates that Na(+), K(+)-ATPase plays an important role in pulmonary inflammation, but the mechanism remains largely unknown. In this study, we used cardiotonic steroids as Na(+), K(+)-ATPase inhibitors to explore the possible involvement of Na(+), K(+)-ATPase in pulmonary epithelial inflammation. The results demonstrated that mice after ouabain inhalation developed cyclooxygenase-2-dependent acute lung inflammation. The in vitro experiments further confirmed that Na(+), K(+)-ATPase inhibitors significantly stimulated cyclooxygenase-2 expression in lung epithelial cells of human or murine origin, the process of which was participated by multiple cis-elements and trans-acting factors. Most importantly, we first described here that Na(+), K(+)-ATPase inhibitors could evoke a significant Hu antigen R nuclear export in lung epithelial cells, which stabilized cyclooxygenase-2 mRNA by binding with a proximal AU-rich element within its 3-untranslated region. In conclusion, HuR-mediated mRNA stabilization opens new avenues in understanding the importance of Na(+), K(+)-ATPase, as well as its inhibitors in inflammation.
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[Application of zebrafish microarray on the toxicity mechanism study of bisphenol A].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 04-03-2010
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The toxicity mechanism of bisphenol A (BPA) to zebrafish (Danio rerio) was studied in the molecular level,by the method of zebrafish microarray and quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Zebrafish embryos were exposed to 0.5, 1.5 and 4.5 mg/L BPA for 8 days since fertilization. The results from microarray and validated by qRT-PCR showed that, 50 specific genes were up-or down-regulated, and dose-responses for them were significant (p < 0.05). This study demonstrates the genotoxicity of BPA. Moreover,according to their function and pathway analysis,it could support the mechanisms for the morphological toxicity and metabolize turbulence observed in prophase study.
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[Intrahepatic transplantation of in vitro induced autologous bone marrow-derived liver stem cells in patients with posthepatitic cirrhosis].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2010
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To evaluate the therapeutic effect of in vitro induced autologous bone marrow-derived liver stem cell transplantation for posthepatitic cirrhosis.
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A microsatellite polymorphism in IGF1 gene promoter and longevity in a Han Chinese population.
BMC Res Notes
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2010
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Previous studies have suggested a probable association between the polymorphism of a microsatellite locus located in the promoter of IGF1 (Insulin-like growth factor 1) gene and the serum level of IGF1, as well as many age-related diseases. Based on these results, we hypothesized that this polymorphism may influence longevity in humans. We performed an association study in a Han Chinese population to test this hypothesis.
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[Inheritance analysis of resistant starch content in kernels of wheat].
Yi Chuan
PUBLISHED: 02-24-2010
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In this study, three wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars with high and low levels of resistant starch contents each were selected to obtain 15 F1 combinations from a diallel cross without reciprocals to be used to study the inheritance of resistant starch content. The results of this study are useful to select new wheat cultivar with high level of resistant starch content. Annong 90202 and D68-20 were the best among the wheat cultivars tested for general combining ability of resistant starch content, which significantly increased the resistant starch content in its progenies. The specific combining ability of Annong 90202 x 04 Dan 28 and 06-5 x D68-20 were the best among the F1 combinations, and the values of specific combining ability effects were significantly higher than other combinations. The inheritance of resistant starch content fitted the additive-dominance model, and the degree of dominance was super dominance. The alleles for increasing resistant starch content were recessive. The distribution of alleles for increasing and reducing resistant starch contents in the parental lines was not even. The number of recessive alleles for resistant starch content was greater than the dominant alleles. Annong 90202 and 04 Dan 28 had more recessive genes controlling resistant starch content, while Ningchun 18 and Xinchun 5 had more dominant genes. The narrow sense heritability of resistant starch content was 36.49%.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.