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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Arthrobacter nanjingensis sp. nov., a mineral weathering bacterium isolated from forest soil.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 11-01-2014
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A Gram-positive-staining, non-motile, rod- or coccoid-shaped actinobacterium, designated strain A33(T), was isolated from a forest soil sample from Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China. The strain grew optimally at 30 ºC, pH 7.0 and with 3% NaCl (w/v). Phylogenetic analysis of the strain based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed it was most closely related to Arthrobacter woluwensis (98.4%), Arthrobacter humicola (97.5%), Arthrobacter globiformis (97.4%), Athrobacter oryzae (97.3%) and Arthrobacter cupressi (97.0%). The major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0, anteiso-C17:0 and iso-C15:0 and MK-9(H2) was the predominant respiratory quinone. The polar lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and three glycolipids. Cell-wall analysis revealed peptidoglycan type A3?, based on L-Lys-L-Ala, and cell-wall sugars were galactose and mannose. The genomic G+C content of strain A33(T) was 66.8 mol%. The low DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain A33(T) and recognized species of the genus Arthrobacter and many phenotypic properties supported the classification of strain A33(T) as a representative of a novel species of the genus Arthrobacter, for which the name Arthrobacter nanjingensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is A33(T) (=CCTCC AB 2014069(T) =DSM 28237(T)).
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[Effects of algae and kaolinite particles on the survival of bacteriophage MS2].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2014
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In this study, Bacteriophage MS2, Kaolinite and Microcystis aeruginosa were selected as model materials for human enteric viruses, inorganic and organic particles, respectively. The influence of the inorganic (Kaolinite) or organic (Microcystis aeruginosa) particles on the survival of MS2 at different conditions, such as particles concentration, pH, ion concentration and natural organic matter (NOM) were studied. The results showed that Kaolinite had no effect on the survival of phage MS2 except that apparent survival of MS2 increased 1 logarithm in higher hardness water. Microcystis aeruginosa addition reduced 1 logarithm of MS2 survival. However, when the pH value was greater than 4.0 or the concentration of Microcystis aeruginosa was less than 1.0 x 10(6) cells x L(-1), Microcystis aeruginosa addition had no influence on the survival of MS2. In higher hardness water, Microcystis aeruginosa protected MS2 viruses and then increased the survival of MS2. In drinking water, resource containing higher concentration of particles, the survival ability of virus would be enhanced with the increase of the hardness and then elevated the risks of drinking water safety.
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Protoberberine isoquinoline alkaloids from Arcangelisia gusanlung.
Molecules
PUBLISHED: 08-29-2014
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HPLC-DAD-directed isolation and purification of the methanol extract of stems of Arcangelisia gusanlung H. S. Lo. led to the isolation of a new protoberberine alkaloid, gusanlung E (1), along with fourteen known derivatives 2-15, seven of which were obtained from the genus Arcangelisia for the first time. The structures and absolute stereochemistry of these compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analyses, including 1D and 2D NMR, mass spectrometry, and CD analyses. Gusanlung E (1) expressed weak cytotoxic activity against the SGC 7901 cell line with an IC50 value of 85.1 µM.
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Three-dimensional study of poly(lactic co-glycolic acid) micro-porous microspheres using hard X-ray nano-tomography.
J Synchrotron Radiat
PUBLISHED: 08-07-2014
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Poly(lactic co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) is widely used in diverse fields, especially in delivering biologically active proteins and drugs. For these applications, the knowledge of morphology and microstructure of PLGA micro-porous microspheres is of great importance since they strongly influence the drug delivering efficiency. In this study, micro-porous PLGA microspheres loaded by bovine serum albumin are investigated by using a full-field Zernike phase contrast transmission hard X-ray microscope. From three-dimensional reconstructions and segmentations, fundamental microstructural parameters such as size, shape, distribution and volume ratio among pores and proteins inside PLGA microspheres were obtained. These parameters are useful to understand the relationship between the internal microstructure and drug encapsulation, as well as the drug release efficiency of PLGA microspheres. The presented results demonstrate the capability of hard X-ray nano-tomography to characterize porous microspheres loaded with proteins and drugs, and also open a way to analyse, optimize and design new PLGA microspheres for specific applications.
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The MBD4 Gene Plays an Important Role in Porcine Adipocyte Differentiation.
Cell. Physiol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2014
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MBD4 (methyl-CpG binding domain protein 4) is an important G: T glycosylase that can identify T-G mismatches. It plays a role in active demethylation through base excision repair. Overexpression of MBD4 gene can cause the demethylation of numerous genes, and the remethylation of MBD4-associated genes can occur when the MBD4 gene is knocked out. To date, the functions and regulatory mechanisms of the MBD4 gene in the differentiation of porcine preadipocytes have not been clearly established.
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Noninvasive ventilation with complex critical care ventilator in the treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
J. Int. Med. Res.
PUBLISHED: 07-31-2014
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To compare the clinical effect of noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV), delivered via critical care ventilator or miniventilator, in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD).
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Cohnella nanjingensis sp. nov., an extracellular polysaccharide-producing bacterium isolated from soil.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2014
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A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, endospore-forming bacterium, strain D45(T), was isolated from soil in Nanjing, China. The organism grew optimally at 30 °C, pH 7.0 and with 0?% NaCl (w/v). The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the isolate showed similarities lower than 97?% with respect to species of the genus Cohnella. The predominant respiratory quinone was MK-7, with MK-6 present as a minor component; anteiso-C15?:?0 and iso-C16?:?0 were the major fatty acids. The polar lipids of strain D45(T) were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, two aminophospholipids, four phospholipids, two glycolipids, one aminolipid and two lipids. The DNA G+C content was 59.5 mol%. DNA-DNA hybridization of the isolate with two reference strains showed relatedness values of 33.4?% with Cohnella ginsengisoli DSM 18997(T) and 25.8?% with Cohnella thermotolerans DSM 17683(T). The phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data supported the classification of strain D45(T) as a representative of a novel species of the genus Cohnella, for which the name Cohnella nanjingensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is D45(T) (?=?CCTCC AB 2014067(T)?=?DSM 28246(T)).
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Genetic characterization and serological prevalence of swine hepatitis E virus in Shandong province, China.
Vet. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 05-29-2014
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Hepatitis E virus (HEV), the causative agent of hepatitis E, is classified into four major genotypes (1 to 4) and swine is the main natural reservoir for genotypes 3 and 4. In this study, a total of 106 bile samples from a slaughterhouse in the Shandong province of China were tested for the partial ORF2 gene of HEV by RT-nPCR to determine the virus genotypes, and two indirect ELISA were developed for the detection of swine HEV specific IgM and IgG antibodies in 980 serum samples from 24 farms, in order to investigate the seroprevalence. Thirty-two out of 106 (30.2%) bile samples were positive for HEV and a high degree of partial ORF2 sequence similarity (86.8-100%) was observed among 20 samples. The viral sequences belonged to genotype 4, subtypes 4a and 4d. One complete genome sequence of a subtype 4d HEV was further determined and characterized. The seroprevalence of HEV IgG and IgM antibodies was 100% (24/24) and 41.7% (10/24) for herds, and 66.4% (651/980) and 1.6% (16/980) for the individual pigs, respectively. These results suggested a high prevalence of genotype 4 of swine HEV infection both in swine farms and at the slaughterhouse in Shandong province, which further raise public-health concerns for zoonosis and pork safety.
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The regulatory sciences for stem cell-based medicinal products.
Front Med
PUBLISHED: 04-14-2014
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Over the past few years, several new achievements have been made from stem cell studies, many of which have moved up from preclinical stages to early, or from early to middle or late, stages thanks to relatively safe profile and preliminary evidence of effectiveness. Moreover, some stem cell-based products have been approved for marketing by different national regulatory authorities. However, many critical issues associated mainly with incomplete understanding of stem cell biology and the relevant risk factors, and lack of effective regulations still exist and need to be urgently addressed, especially in countries where establishment of appropriate regulatory system just commenced. More relevantly, the stem cell regulatory sciences need to be established or improved to more effectively evaluate quality, safety and efficacy of stem cell products, and for building up the appropriate regulatory framework. In this review, we summarize some new achievements in stem cell studies, especially the preclinical and clinical studies, the existing regulations, and the associated challenges, and we then propose some considerations for improving stem cell regulatory sciences with a goal of promoting the steadfast growth of the well-regulated stem cell therapies abreast of evolvement of stem cell sciences and technologies.
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Human diploid MRC-5 cells exhibit several critical properties of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells.
Vaccine
PUBLISHED: 04-12-2014
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MRC-5 is the most common human diploid cell line used in production of viral vaccines; mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is a type of adult multipotent stem cells. Both cell types share the same fibroblast-like morphology and maintain a normal diploid karyotype over long in vitro expansion. However, other than these similarities, very little is known about MRC-5 in terms of biological properties possessed by MSCs. In this study, we compared MRC-5 with human umbilical cord-derived MSCs (hUC-MSCs), which serves as a representative of human MSCs, in expression of cell surface markers, abilities to differentiate into multiple cell lineages, inhibition of lymphocyte proliferation and promotion of Regulatory T lymphocytes (Treg), and IDO1 expression in response to inflammatory cytokines, all of which are critical properties of MSCs. It was revealed that MRC-5 was almost identical to hUC-MSCs in expression of both positive and negative cell surface markers of MSCs. Similar to hUC-MSCs, MRC-5 was also able to differentiate into osteocytes and chondrocytes, effectively inhibit mitogen-activated lymphocyte proliferation and promote Tregs, and express IDO1 in response to inflammatory cytokines IFN-? and TGF-?. In addition, both MRC-5 and hUC-MSCs were non-tumorigenic with an extremely low telomerase activity. Moreover, both cells demonstrated a similar sensitivity to infection by EV71 and rubella viruses, which served as model viruses, in a virus infectivity assay. Therefore, this study suggests that MRC-5 is very likely a previously undefined MSC cell line, thus suggesting the feasibility of developing MSCs of at least umbilical cord origin as new cell substrates to be used in production of viral vaccines.
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A study of noninvasive positive-pressure mechanical ventilation in the treatment of acute lung injury with a complex critical care ventilator.
J. Int. Med. Res.
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2014
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* These authors contributed equally to this work. To test the hypothesis that there would be better clinical outcomes following the treatment of patients with acute lung injury (ALI) using noninvasive positive-pressure mechanical ventilation (NIPPV) delivered via a complex critical care ventilator compared with a conventional mini-ventilator.
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A distributed fiber vibration sensor utilizing dispersion induced walk-off effect in a unidirectional Mach-Zehnder interferometer.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2014
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We propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel ultra-long range and sensitive distributed fiber vibration sensor. Only one unidirectional Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) is employed in this scheme as the sensing element. In this sensor structure, we utilize chromatic dispersion-induced walk-off effect between the vibration signals sensed by two distributed feedback (DFB) lasers at different wavelengths to locate the vibration position. Vibration signals with frequencies up to 9 MHz can be detected and the spatial resolution of 31 m is achieved over 320 km of the standard single mode fiber. Monitoring multiple vibration sources can also be realized using this scheme.
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Genomic insights into the serine protease gene family and expression profile analysis in the planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens.
BMC Genomics
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2014
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The brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens) is one of the most destructive rice plant pests in Asia. N. lugens causes extensive damage to rice by sucking rice phloem sap, which results in hopper burn (complete death of the rice plants). Despite its importance, little is known about the digestion, development and defense mechanisms of this hemimetabolous insect pest. In this study, we aim to identify the serine protease (SP) and serine protease homolog (SPH) genes, which form a large family in eukaryotes, due to the potential for multiple physiological roles. Having a fully sequenced genome for N. lugens allows us to perform in-depth analysis of the gene structures, reveal the evolutionary relationships and predict the physiological functions of SP genes.
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Identification of differentially expressed proteins in the ovaries of menopausal women.
Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
PUBLISHED: 02-22-2014
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This study investigated proteins differentially expressed in the ovaries of menopausal women in comparison to childbearing women.
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In situ measurement of electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient simultaneously at high temperature and high pressure.
Rev Sci Instrum
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2014
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A method for performing simultaneous measurements of the electrical resistivity and the Seebeck coefficient at high pressure and high temperature (HPHT) in cubic multi-anvil apparatus is described. For high pressure and high temperature measurements, a four-probe arrangement is used to measure the electrical resistivity and two pairs of chromel-alumel type thermocouples are employed to determine the Seebeck coefficient, respectively. Results of an expected temperature-induced phase transition, pressure-induced metallization and enhancement of the thermoelectric properties were obtained in Ag2Te. This method can provide the necessary data of thermoelectric materials at HPHT.
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Use of traditional and complementary/alternative medicine (TCAM) in children with cancer in Guatemala.
Pediatr Blood Cancer
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2014
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International surveys have demonstrated that use of traditional and complementary/alternative medicine (TCAM) is highly prevalent among children with cancer; however, little is known about its use among children with cancer in Latin America. As part of a regional initiative, we present the results of the first survey exploring use of TCAM among children with cancer residing in Latin America.
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Cadmium-induced microsatellite instability in the kidneys and leukocytes of C57BL/6J mice.
Environ. Toxicol.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2014
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Cadmium is a cytotoxic, carcinogenic, and mutagenic industrial product or byproduct. The correlation between metal exposure and microsatellite instability (MSI) has been reported by several groups. In the present study, 50 C57BL/6J mice at 6 weeks of age were divided into five groups and intraperitoneally injected with 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, or 2 mg/kg cadmium chloride quaque die alterna for 4 weeks. Then, the liver, kidney, testis, leukocytes, bone marrow, and small intestine were collected from the treated mice and weighed. Portions of these tissues were fixed for further histological analysis, and the remaining tissues were subjected to genomic DNA extraction for the analysis of a panel of 42 microsatellite markers. The liver and testis weight coefficients were significantly changed in the 1 and 2 mg/kg cadmium chloride-treated groups compared with the control group. Simultaneously, severe histopathologic changes in the liver and kidneys, along with a complete disorganization of testicular structure and obvious severe necrosis in the testes were observed in the cadmium-treated group. The cadmium accumulated in the liver and kidneys of the mice in all cadmium-treated groups; the tissue cadmium concentrations were significantly higher than those in the control group. After STR scanning, MSI was found at three loci (D15Mit5, D10Mit266, and DxMit172) in the kidneys and leukocytes of mice in the lower dose groups (0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg). In summary, we have successfully established a sub-chronic cadmium exposure model and confirmed that cadmium exposure can induce MSI in mice. We also identified two loci that could be regarded as "hotspots" of microsatellite mutation in mice. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol, 2014.
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Determinants of consistent condom use among college students in China: application of the information-motivation-behavior skills (IMB) model.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Due to the increase incidents of premarital sex and the lack of reproductive health services, college students are at high risk of HIV/AIDS infections in China. This study was designed to examine the predictors of consistency of condom use among college students based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model and to describe the relationships between the model constructs.
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Increased p16 DNA methylation in mouse thymic lymphoma induced by irradiation.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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DNA methylation is an important part of epigenetics. In this study, we examined the methylation state of two CpG islands in the promoter of the p16 gene in radiation-induced thymic lymphoma samples. The mRNA and protein levels of P16 were significantly reduced in radiation-induced thymic lymphoma tissue samples. Twenty-three CpG sites of the CpG islands in the p16 promoter region were detected, and the methylation percentages of -71, -63, -239, -29, -38, -40, -23, 46 CpG sites were significantly higher in radiation-induced thymic lymphoma tissue samples than those in matched non-irradiated thymus tissue samples. This study provides new evidence for the methylation state of p16 in the radiation-induced thymic lymphoma samples, which suggests that the methylation of these CpG sites in the p16 promoter may reduce its expression in the thymic lymphoma after irradiation.
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Effects of varying degrees of intermittent hypoxia on proinflammatory cytokines and adipokines in rats and 3T3-L1 adipocytes.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Intermittent hypoxia (IH), resulted from recurring episodes of upper airway obstruction, is the hallmark feature and the most important pathophysiologic pathway of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). IH is believed to be the most important factor causing systemic inflammation. Studies suggest that insulin resistance (IR) is positively associated with OSA. In this study, we hypothesized that the recurrence of IH might result in cellular and systemic inflammation, which was manifested through the levels of proinflammatory cytokines and adipokines after IH exposure, and because IR is linked with inflammation tightly, this inflammatory situation may implicate an IR status.
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Predictors of Long-Term Adherence to Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Therapy in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Disease in the SAVE Study.
Sleep
PUBLISHED: 12-03-2013
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To determine the clinical variables that best predict long- term continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) adherence among patients with cardiovascular disease who have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).
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The Dual Functions of WLIM1a in Cell Elongation and Secondary Wall Formation in Developing Cotton Fibers.
Plant Cell
PUBLISHED: 11-12-2013
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LIN-11, Isl1 and MEC-3 (LIM)-domain proteins play pivotal roles in a variety of cellular processes in animals, but plant LIM functions remain largely unexplored. Here, we demonstrate dual roles of the WLIM1a gene in fiber development in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). WLIM1a is preferentially expressed during the elongation and secondary wall synthesis stages in developing fibers. Overexpression of WLIM1a in cotton led to significant changes in fiber length and secondary wall structure. Compared with the wild type, fibers of WLIM1a-overexpressing plants grew longer and formed a thinner and more compact secondary cell wall, which contributed to improved fiber strength and fineness. Functional studies demonstrated that (1) WLIM1a acts as an actin bundler to facilitate elongation of fiber cells and (2) WLIM1a also functions as a transcription factor to activate expression of Phe ammonia lyase-box genes involved in phenylpropanoid biosynthesis to build up the secondary cell wall. WLIM1a localizes in the cytosol and nucleus and moves into the nucleus in response to hydrogen peroxide. Taken together, these results demonstrate that WLIM1a has dual roles in cotton fiber development, elongation, and secondary wall formation. Moreover, our study shows that lignin/lignin-like phenolics may substantially affect cotton fiber quality; this finding may guide cotton breeding for improved fiber traits.
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Optimized Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction of Phenolic Compounds from Polygonum cuspidatum.
Molecules
PUBLISHED: 10-23-2013
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In this study the phenolic compounds piceid, resveratrol and emodin were extracted from P. cuspidatum roots using ultrasound-assisted extraction. Multiple response surface methodology was used to optimize the extraction conditions of these phenolic compounds. A three-factor and three-level Box-Behnken experimental design was employed to evaluate the effects of the operation parameters, including extraction temperature (30-70 °C), ethanol concentration (40%-80%), and ultrasonic power (90-150 W), on the extraction yields of piceid, resveratrol, and emodin. The statistical models built from multiple response surface methodology were developed for the estimation of the extraction yields of multi-phenolic components. Based on the model, the extraction yields of piceid, resveratrol, and emodin can be improved by controlling the extraction parameters. Under the optimum conditions, the extraction yields of piceid, resveratrol and emodin were 10.77 mg/g, 3.82 mg/g and 11.72 mg/g, respectively.
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High-resolution optical spectrum characterization using optical channel estimation and spectrum stitching technique.
Opt Lett
PUBLISHED: 07-02-2013
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A technique is proposed to measure the high-resolution and wide-band characterization of amplitude, phase responses, and polarization property of optical components. This technique combines the optical spectrum stitching and optical channel estimation methods. Two kinds of fiber Bragg grating based Fabry-Perot cavities with ultrafine structures have been characterized based on this technique. By using 1024 point fast Fourier transform and a narrow linewidth, wavelength-tunable laser source, a frequency resolution of ~10 MHz is realized with an optical measurement range beyond 250 GHz.
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The Enantioselective Pharmacokinetics Metabolism of Diniconazole in Quail (Coturnix coturnixs japonica).
Chirality
PUBLISHED: 06-21-2013
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The pharmacokinetics of diniconazole enantiomers in quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) were investigated by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Quails were exposed to racemic diniconazole in capsule by oral at dose of 10 mg/kg (body weight). The maximal concentrations observed in blood, heart, liver, and kidney were 3.18, 11.35, 12.32, 15.03 µg/g for S-diniconazole, and 1.13, 3.70, 6.00, 2.60 µg/g for R-diniconazole. The elimination of enantiomers all met the one-compartment model in blood, heart, liver, and kidney well. The elimination half-lives (T1/2 ) of S-diniconazole were 2.87, 3.85, 5.29, and 4.42 h in blood, heart, liver, and kidney, respectively; the T1/2 of R-diniconazole were 2.44, 3.42, 146.23, and 74.02 h in blood, heart, liver, and kidney, respectively. The enantiomer fractions (EFs) steadily increased from 0.50 to 0.92 in blood samples and 0.91 in heart samples. Meanwhile, the values increased to 0.70 and 0.80 in liver and kidney initially, and then decreased to 0.33 and 0.44 at the end of the experiment. Metabolism was examined as well and it was found that diniconazole was metabolized to 1, 2, 4-triazole, (E)-3-(1H-1, 2, 4-triazol-1-yl) acrylaldehyde, (E, S)-(R, S)-4-(2, 4-dichlorophenyl)-2, 2-dimethyl-5-(1H-1, 2, 4-triazol-1-yl) pent-4-ene-1, 3-diol, (E)-4-(2, 4-dichlorophenyl)-3-hydroxy-2, 2-dimethyl-5-(1H-1, 2, 4-triazol-1-yl) pent-4-enoic acid, and 1, 3-dichlorobenzen in all samples of quail. Chirality 00:000-000, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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Restoration of thumb sensibility with innervated reverse homodigital dorsoradial flap.
J Reconstr Microsurg
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2013
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Purpose?This study investigates the use of homodigital reverse dorsoradial flap with neurorrhaphy for thumb soft tissue defect. Methods?From 1996 to 2010, the homodigital dorsoradial flap was performed on seven adult patients and one 3-year-old boy. The flaps ranged from 1.2 to approximately 3.0 cm?×?2.0 to approximately 4.2 cm in size. In six of the eight patients, the dorsal collateral branch of the radial nerve supplying the flap was also included in the pedicle and coapted to the proper digital nerves of the thumb. At final follow-ups, flap sensation, thumb motion, and donor-site morbidity were assessed. Results?All flaps survived completely. At final follow-up of 8.5 months (range, 3 to 14 months), all patients except the 3-year-old child (who could not express clearly) reported satisfactory sensory recovery, with the static two-point discrimination ranging between 6 and 12?mm (mean, 9.4 mm). Range of motion of the metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joints of the thumbs was also preserved with minimal donor-site morbidity in all cases. Conclusions?Innervated reverse homodigital dorsoradial flap serves as a reliable and sensate flap for extensive thumb soft tissue reconstruction.
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Value of autofluorescence imaging videobronchoscopy in detecting lung cancers and precancerous lesions: a review.
Respir Care
PUBLISHED: 06-13-2013
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Bronchoscopy technology is a desirable method for detecting lung cancers arising in the central airways. Most early cancers and precancerous lesions are not visible on conventional white-light bronchoscopy (WLB). Autofluorescence bronchoscopy (AFB) is a newly developed technology that exploits the difference in autofluorescence intensity between normal and tumorous tissues to detect bronchial cancers and precancerous lesions. Several types of AFB systems have been used in clinical practice, and autofluorescence imaging videobronchoscopy (AFI) is one of these AFBs. In most of the studies on AFB other than AFI, AFB has provided a much higher sensitivity but a lower specificity than WLB. Regarding AFI, recent studies have reported controversial results on the sensitivity and specificity for detecting cancers and precancerous lesions, compared with WLB. In this paper we describe the working mechanisms and characteristics of AFBs, mainly AFI, and the diagnostic performance of AFI, compared with WLB, other AFBs, and narrow-band imaging, for detecting lung cancers and precancerous lesions.
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Treatment of scaphoid nonunion: Pedicled vascularized bone graft vs. traditional bone graft.
J. Huazhong Univ. Sci. Technol. Med. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2013
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The clinical results of the application of pedicled vascularized bone graft (VBG) from Listers tubercle vs. traditional bone graft (TBG) were evaluated and compared. Thirteen cases of symptomatic scaphoid nonunion were treated between January 2011 and December 2012, including 7 cases subject to VBG and the rest 6 cases to TBG, respectively. Outcomes were assessed by modified Mayo wrist score system. All cases were followed up for an average period of 3.5 months after operation. The results showed that total scores in VBG group were 86.4±9.4 after operation with excellent result in 4 cases, good in 2 and acceptable in one, and those in TBG group were 71.7±9.3 after operation with good result in 2 cases, acceptable in 3 and disappointing in one. Total score of wrist function was significantly improved in VBG group as compared with TBG group (P<0.05). Our study suggests that VBG method is more effective for treating scaphoid nonunion than TBG method.
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Enantioselective Bioaccumulation of Diniconazole in Tenebrio Molitor Larvae.
Chirality
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2013
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The enantioselective bioaccumulation of diniconazole in Tenebrio molitor Linne larva was investigated with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry based on the ChiralcelOD-3R[cellulose tri-(3,5-dimethylphenyl carbamate)] column. In this study we documented the effects of dietary supplementation with wheat bran contaminated by racemic diniconazole at two dose levels of 20 mg kg(-1) and 2 mg kg(-1) (dry weight) in Tenebrio molitor. The results showed that both doses of diniconazole were taken up by Tenebrio molitor rapidly in the first few days, the concentrations of R-enantiomer and S-enantiomer at high doses reached the highest level of 0.55 mg kg(-1) and 0.48 mg kg(-1) , respectively, on the 1(st) d, and the concentrations of them obtained a maxima of 0.129 mg kg(-1) and 0.128 mg kg(-1) at low dose, respectively, on the 3(rd) d, which means that the concentration of diniconazole was proportional to the time of achieving the highest accumulated level. It afterwards attained equilibrium after a sharp decline at both 20 mg kg(-1) and 2 mg kg(-1) of diniconazole. The determination results from the feces of Tenebrio molitor demonstrated that the extraction recovery (ER) values of the high dose group were higher than that of the low dose group and the values were all above 1; therefore, it could be inferred that enantiomerization existed in Tenebrio molitor. Additionally, the biota accumulation factor was used to evaluate the bioaccumulation of diniconazole enantiomers, showing that the bioaccumulation of diniconazole in Tenebrio molitor was enantioselective with preferential accumulation of S-enantiomer. Chirality 00:000-000, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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[Impact of chronic intermittent hypoxia upon rat liver lipid metabolism and interventional effect of Tempol].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-11-2013
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To explore the impact of chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) upon rat liver lipid metabolism and effect of anti-oxidant Tempol.
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Enantioseletive bioaccumulation and metabolization of diniconazole in earthworms (Eiseniafetida) in an artificial soil.
Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf.
PUBLISHED: 05-08-2013
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Degradation and enantioselective bioaccumulation of diniconazole in earthworms (Eiseniafetida) in artificial soil was investigated using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method under laboratory condition. Three exposure concentrations (1 mg/kg, 10 mg/kg and 25 mg/kg) of diniconazole in soil (dry weight) to earthworms were used. The uptake kinetics fitted the first-order kinetics well. The bioaccumulation factors (BAF) of R, S isomers were 6.6046 and 8.5115 in 25 mg/kg dose exposure, 2.6409 and 2.9835 in 10mg/kg dose exposure, 1.7784 and 2.0437 in 1 mg/kg dose exposure, respectively. Bioaccumulation of diniconazole in earthworm tissues was enantioselective with a preferential accumulation of S-diniconazole and the enantiomer fractions were about 0.45-0.50 in all three level dose exposures. In addition, it was obvious that both R-diniconazole and S-diniconazole had bioaccumulation effect in earthworm. Diniconazole was metabolized to 1,2,4-triazole, (E)-3-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl) acrylaldehyde, (E, S)-4-(2, 4-dichlorophenyl)-2, 2-dimethyl-5-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)pent-4-ene-1,3-diol, and (E)-4-(2, 4-dichlorophenyl)-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-5-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl) pent-4-enoic acid in earthworms; the metabolites of 1,2,4-triazole and (E)-3-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)acrylaldehyde could be detected in soil as well.
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Cardiovascular disease and hip fracture among older inpatients in Beijing, China.
Biomed Res Int
PUBLISHED: 04-03-2013
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To examine the associations between cardiovascular disease (CVD) and hip fracture and to determine if these associations are attributable to hypertensive disease.
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Nonlinearity mitigation for high-speed optical OFDM transmitters using digital pre-distortion.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 04-03-2013
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Optical orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OOFDM) signal is sensitive to nonlinear distortions induced by optical modulators. We propose and experimentally demonstrate a digital pre-distortion (DPD) algorithm to linearize the optical modulators including electro-absorption modulated lasers (EML) and Mach-Zehnder modulators (MZM) used in high-speed OOFDM transmitters. By using an adaptive DPD algorithm with a learning structure, the inverse transfer function of a modulator, which is based on a polynomial model, has been obtained. In the experiment, the performance improvements with and without considering the memory effects of the DPD model are illustrated. The two typical kinds of high-speed OOFDM signals with a bit rate up to 30-Gb/s have been implemented experimentally. The results show that the nonlinear distortion induced by optical modulators can be compensated by using the DPD algorithm to substantially improve the optical modulation index.
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Capillary Electrophoretic Fingerprint Investigation of Gel Pen Inks.
J Chromatogr Sci
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2013
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In this study, two capillary electrophoresis modes, capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) and micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC), were employed for the examination of gel ink fingerprints. The optimized CZE conditions were as follows: running buffer, 0.2M boric acid and 0.05M sodium tetraborate; pH, 6.47; detection, 214 nm; separation voltage, 20 kV MEKC conditions were as follows: 20 mM sodium tetraborate-20 mM sodium dodecyl sulphate; detection, 214 nm; separation voltage, 20 kV. The CZE and MEKC fingerprints of 18 el pen inks from Beijing markets were analyzed and the inks were classified according to the fingerprints of the two CE modes.
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Uniformly dispersed and controllable ligand-free silver-nanoparticle-decorated TiO2 nanotube arrays with enhanced photoelectrochemical behaviors.
Chem Asian J
PUBLISHED: 03-30-2013
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Homogeneously dispersed silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were successfully decorated onto the surface of TiO2 nanotube arrays (TNTA) by means of an in situ photoreduction method. TNTA films as supports exhibit excellent properties to prevent agglomeration of AgNPs, and they also avoid using polymer ligands, which is deleterious to enhancing the properties of the fabricated NPs. The silver particle size and its content could be controlled just by changing the immersion time. Detailed SEM and TEM analyses combined with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analyses with different immersion times (5, 10, 30, 60 min) have revealed the variation tendency. The prepared Ag/TNTA composite films were also characterized by XRD, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and high-resolution TEM. The UV/Vis diffuse reflectance spectra displayed a redshift of the absorption peak with the growth of AgNPs. The photocurrent response and the photoelectrocatalytic degradation of methyl orange (MO) were used to evaluate the photoelectrochemical properties of the fabricated samples. The results showed that the photocurrent response and photoelectrocatalytic activity largely depended on the loaded Ag particle size and content. TNTA films with a diameter of 17.92 nm and silver content of 1.15 at% showed the highest photocurrent response and degradation rate of MO. The enhanced properties could be attributed to the synergistic effect between AgNPs and TiO2. To make good use of this effect, particle size and silver content should be well controlled to develop the electron charge and discharge process during the photoelectrical process. Neither smaller nor larger AgNPs caused decreased photoelectrical properties.
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TRAIL and proteasome inhibitors combination induces a robust apoptosis in human malignant pleural mesothelioma cells through Mcl-1 and Akt protein cleavages.
BMC Cancer
PUBLISHED: 03-12-2013
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BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive malignancy closely associated with asbestos exposure and extremely resistant to current treatments. It exhibits a steady increase in incidence, thus necessitating an urgent development of effective new treatments. METHODS: Proteasome inhibitors (PIs) and TNFalpha-Related Apoptosis Inducing Ligand (TRAIL), have emerged as promising new anti-MPM agents. To develop effective new treatments, the proapoptotic effects of PIs, MG132 or Bortezomib, and TRAIL were investigated in MPM cell lines NCI-H2052, NCI-H2452 and NCI-H28, which represent three major histological types of human MPM. RESULTS: Treatment with 0.5-1 muM MG132 alone or 30 ng/mL Bortezomib alone induced a limited apoptosis in MPM cells associated with the elevated Mcl-1 protein level and hyperactive PI3K/Akt signaling. However, whereas 10--20 ng/ml TRAIL alone induced a limited apoptosis as well, TRAIL and PI combination triggered a robust apoptosis in all three MPM cell lines. The robust proapoptotic activity was found to be the consequence of a positive feedback mechanism-governed amplification of caspase activation and cleavage of both Mcl-1 and Akt proteins, and exhibited a relative selectivity in MPM cells than in non-tumorigenic Met-5A mesothelial cells. CONCLUSION: The combinatorial treatment using TRAIL and PI may represent an effective new treatment for MPMs.
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The genome- and transcriptome-wide analysis of innate immunity in the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens.
BMC Genomics
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2013
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The brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens) is one of the most serious rice plant pests in Asia. N. lugens causes extensive rice damage by sucking rice phloem sap, which results in stunted plant growth and the transmission of plant viruses. Despite the importance of this insect pest, little is known about the immunological mechanisms occurring in this hemimetabolous insect species.
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Population-based study of birth prevalence and factors associated with cleft lip and/or palate in Taiwan 2002-2009.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 02-06-2013
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Facial cleft deformities, including cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) and cleft palate (CP), are common congenital birth anomalies, especially in Asia. This study aimed to analyze the prevalence of CL/P and CP and to identify associated factors in Taiwan.
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Genomic insights into the glutathione S-transferase gene family of two rice planthoppers, Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) and Sogatella furcifera (Horváth) (Hemiptera: Delphacidae).
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2013
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Glutathione S-transferase (GST) genes control crucial traits for the metabolism of various toxins encountered by insects in host plants and the wider environment, including insecticides. The planthoppers Nilaparvata lugens and Sogatella furcifera are serious specialist pests of rice throughout eastern Asia. Their capacity to rapidly adapt to resistant rice varieties and to develop resistance to various insecticides has led to severe outbreaks over the last decade.
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Direct interactions between bidensovirus BmDNV-Z proteins and midgut proteins from the virus target Bombyx mori.
FEBS J.
PUBLISHED: 01-11-2013
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In this study we aimed to identify the protein-protein interactions between Bombyx mori midgut and the bidensovirus BmDNV-Z via a yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) system. To achieve this we constructed a Gal4 activation domain fusion library that expresses the host genes and Gal4 DNA binding domain fusion bait vectors that express BmDNV-Z genes. Y2H assay revealed 15 potential interactions between host and viral proteins. To verify the interactions, we modified and reconstructed a pair of bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) vectors and achieved the co-expressions of the candidate host genes and viral genes in insect culture cells. The BiFC assay confirmed the specificity of the interactions including B. mori 35 kDa protease and two BmDNV-Z proteins encoded by VD1-ORF2 and VD2-ORF1; B. mori transgelin and BmDNV-Z protein encoded by VD2-ORF3; and B. mori serine protease precursor and BmDNV-Z encoded by VD2-ORF3 in vitro. Our findings revealed that the specific host midgut proteins are involved in the interactions between B. mori and BmDNV-Z, which will facilitate our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of BmDNV-Z infection.
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Control costs, enhance quality, and increase revenue in three top general public hospitals in Beijing, China.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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With market-oriented economic and health-care reform, public hospitals in China have received unprecedented pressures from governmental regulations, public opinions, and financial demands. To adapt the changing environment and keep pace of modernizing healthcare delivery system, public hospitals in China are expanding clinical services and improving delivery efficiency, while controlling costs. Recent experiences are valuable lessons for guiding future healthcare reform. Here we carefully study three teaching hospitals, to exemplify their experiences during this period.
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Complex sleep apnea syndrome.
Patient Prefer Adherence
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Complex sleep apnea syndrome (CompSAS) is a distinct form of sleep-disordered breathing characterized as central sleep apnea (CSA), and presents in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients during initial treatment with a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device. The mechanisms of why CompSAS occurs are not well understood, though we have a high loop gain theory that may help to explain it. It is still controversial regarding the prevalence and the clinical significance of CompSAS. Patients with CompSAS have clinical features similar to OSA, but they do exhibit breathing patterns like CSA. In most CompSAS cases, CSA events during initial CPAP titration are transient and they may disappear after continued CPAP use for 4~8 weeks or even longer. However, the poor initial experience of CompSAS patients with CPAP may not be avoided, and nonadherence with continued therapy may often result. Treatment options like adaptive servo-ventilation are available now that may rapidly resolve the disorder and relieve the symptoms of this disease with the potential of increasing early adherence to therapy. But these approaches are associated with more expensive and complicated devices. In this review, the definition, potential plausible mechanisms, clinical characteristics, and treatment approaches of CompSAS will be summarized.
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Time-dependent inflammatory factor production and NF?B activation in a rodent model of intermittent hypoxia.
Swiss Med Wkly
PUBLISHED: 12-07-2011
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To study the systemic production of inflammatory factors and activation of transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NF-?B) in response to different levels of intermittent hypoxia and time.
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[Protective effects of Leonurus japonicas on myocardial remodeling induced by isoproterenol in rats].
Zhong Yao Cai
PUBLISHED: 11-10-2011
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To investigate the effects of Leonurus japonicas on myocardial remodeling induced by isoproterenol (ISO) in rats.
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F-18 FDG in conjunction with 11C-choline PET/CT in the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma.
Clin Nucl Med
PUBLISHED: 11-09-2011
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F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) alone has limited sensitivity for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We hoped to improve the diagnostic sensitivity by combining F-18 FDG and C-choline PET/CT.
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Growth kinetics of amyloid-like fibrils derived from individual subunits of soy ?-conglycinin.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 10-04-2011
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The amyloid-like fibrillation of soy ?-conglycinin subunits (?, ?, and ?) upon heating (0-20 h) at 85 °C and pH 2.0 was characterized using dynamic light scattering, circular dichroism (CD), binding to amyloid dyes (Thioflavin T and Congo red), and atomic force microscopy. The fibrillation of all three subunits was accompanied by progressive polypeptide hydrolysis. The hydrolysis behaviors, fibrillation kinetics, and morphologies of amyloid-like fibrils considerably varied among ?, ?, and ? subunits. Faster hydrolysis rates and special fragments were observed for the ? and ? subunits compared to the ? subunit. However, the order of the fibrillation rate and capacity to form ?-sheets was ? > ? > ?, as evidenced by CD and Thioflavin T data. Moreover, sequential growth of twisted screw-structure fibrils, leading to macroscopic fibrils with distinct morphological characteristics, was observed for ?-conglycinin and individual subunits. The different fibrillation kinetics and morphologies of ?, ?, and ? subunits appear to be associated with the differences in the amino acid composition and typical sequence of peptides. Besides, the disruption of ordered structure of fibrils occurred upon further heating (6-20 h) due to extensive hydrolysis. These results would suggest that all subunits are involved in the fibrillation of ?-conglycinin, following multiple steps including polypeptide hydrolysis, assembly to amyloid structure, and growth into macroscopic fibrils with a fibril shaving process.
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Validation and normalization of the General Health Questionnaire 30 in parents with primary school children in China.
Compr Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 08-31-2011
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Parenting can be a stressful experience. Higher levels of parenting stress are predictive of parents negative appraisal of childrens behavior, the use of physical discipline, and poor child outcomes across a variety of domains. Assessment of parenting depression is needed in China. This study aims to standardize the Chinese version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-30) for parents of primary school children.
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[The effect of intermittent hypoxia with different degrees and frequencies on levels of superoxide dismutases and malondialdehyde in vascular endothelial cells].
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-07-2011
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To investigate the effect of degree and frequency of intermittent hypoxia on level of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in vascular endothelial cell.
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Structural rearrangement of ethanol-denatured soy proteins by high hydrostatic pressure treatment.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 06-08-2011
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The effects of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) treatment (100-500 MPa) on solubility and structural properties of ethanol (EtOH)-denatured soy ?-conglycinin and glycinin were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry, Fourier transform infrared and ultraviolet spectroscopy. HHP treatment above 200 MPa, especially at neutral and alkaline pH as well as low ionic strength, significantly improved the solubility of denatured soy proteins. Structural rearrangements of denatured ?-conglycinin subjected to high pressure were confirmed, as evidenced by the increase in enthalpy value (?H) and the formation of the ordered supramolecular structure with stronger intramolecular hydrogen bond. HHP treatment (200-400 MPa) caused an increase in surface hydrophobicity (F(max)) of ?-conglycinin, partially attributable to the exposure of the Tyr and Phe residues, whereas higher pressure (500 MPa) induced the decrease in F(max) due to hydrophobic rearrangements. The Trp residues in ?-conglycinin gradually transferred into a hydrophobic environment, which might further support the finding of structural rearrangements. In contrast, increasing pressure induced the progressive unfolding of denatured glycinin, accompanied by the movement of the Tyr and Phe residues to the molecular surface of protein. These results suggested that EtOH-denatured ?-conglycinin and glycinin were involved in different pathways of structural changes during HHP treatment.
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[Modulation of Toll-like signal path of allergic asthma by CpG-ODNs from Bordetella pertussis].
Yao Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 06-02-2011
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This study focused on prevention and treatment of acute and chronic asthma by oligonucleotides containing unmethylated CpG motifs (CpG-ODNs). Acute and chronic asthma models of mice were made by sensitizing and inhaling ovalbumin (OVA); The number of white blood cells (WBC) and eosnophils (EOS) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was counted and the concentration of cytokines and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was examined in BALF by ELISA kit. After that, TLR-9 mRNA was detected in mice spleen cells by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and TLR-9 protein was determined in mice lung tissues by Western blotting. Compared with acute asthma models of mice, WBC in BALF decreased obviously in the groups of Bordetella pertussis, CpG-ODNs and seq A to seq I which were administrated by both of intragastric (ig) and intraperitoneal (ip) injection group, EOS decreased obviously in Bordetella pertussis, CpG+ and seq A to seq D ig groups, and in all ip administrating groups, although it was not effective in the groups of seq E to seq I. In chronic asthma models of mice, IFN-gamma increased ((1) control: 176.45 +/- 23.46 pg x mL(-1); (2) model: 174.11 +/- 22.71 pg x mL(-1); (3) CpG+ ip: 220.56 +/- 15.42 pg x mL(-1); (4) seq A ip: 225.23 +/- 21.60 pg x mL(-1)) and IL-4 decreased obviously (1) control: 66.91 +/- 5.81 pg x mL(-1); (2) model: 81.02 +/- 11.24 pg x mL(-1); (3) CpG+ ip: 63.99 +/- 6.09 pg x mL(-1); (4) seq A ip: 62.75 +/- 10.03 pg x mL(-1)) in the BALF of CpG+ and seq A ip group, although VEGF was not changed in this research. And also, TLR-9 mRNA in spleen cells (TLR-9/GAPDH: (1) control: 0.62 +/- 0.13; (2) model: 0.66 +/- 0.17; (3) CpG+ ip: 1.46 +/- 0.26; (4) seq A ip: 1.42 +/- 0.34) and TLR-9 protein in lung tissues (TLR-9/beta-actin: (1) control: 0.63 +/- 0.16; (2) model: 0.61 +/- 0.07; (3) CpG+ ip: 1.15 +/- 0.25; (4) seq A ip: 1.03 +/- 0.29) both increased in ip groups, but the change was not significant in ig group. The study confirms that CpG-ODNs and seq A could inhibit airway inflammation remarkably, this mechanism might be related with regulating Th1/Th2 balance and controlling the expression of TLR-9.
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ODV-associated proteins of the Pieris rapae granulovirus.
J. Proteome Res.
PUBLISHED: 05-10-2011
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Alphabaculovirus (lepidopteran-specific nucleopolyhedroviruses, NPV) and Betabaculovirus (granuloviruses, GV) are two main genera of the family Baculoviridae. The virion proteomes of Alphabaculovirus have been well studied; however, the Betabaculovirus virion compositions remain unclear. Pieris rapae granulovirus (PrGV) can kill larvae of P. rapae, a worldwide and important pest of mustard family crops. In this study, the occlusion-derived virus (ODV)-associated proteins of PrGV were identified using three mass spectrometry (MS) approaches. The MS analyses demonstrated that 47 proteins were present in PrGV-ODV. Of the 47 PrGV-ODV proteins, 33 have homologues identified previously in other baculovirus ODV/BVs, whereas 14 (P10, Pr21, Pr29, Pr35, Pr42, Pr54, P45/48, Pr83, Pr84, Pr89, Pr92, Pr111, Pr114 and FGF3) were newly identified ODV proteins. Seven of the 14 newly identified ODV proteins are specific to Betabaculovirus, including Pr35, Pr42, Pr54, Pr83, Pr84, Pr111 and Pr114. Furthermore, the data derived from these MS approaches were validated by immunoblotting analysis using antisera prepared from 11 randomly selected recombinant PrGV-ODV proteins (including 5 Betabaculovirus-unique proteins). Comparison analyses revealed the similar and different compositions between Betabaculovirus and Alphabaculovirus virions, which deepen our understanding of the baculovirus virion structure and provide helpful information on Betabaculovirus--host interaction studies.
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[Effect of adipose differentiation-related protein on the apoptosis of H9c2 cells by palmitic acid].
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-13-2011
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To construct a eukaryotic expression vector for expressing adipose differentiation-related protein(ADRP) protein and obtain a stable transfected H9c2 cell line.
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[Chest radiographic findings in children with 2009 influenza A (H1N1) virus infection].
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 03-24-2011
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To evaluate chest radiographic findings of children with 2009 influenza (H1N1) virus infection.
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An immune-induced reeler protein is involved in the Bombyx mori melanization cascade.
Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 02-20-2011
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In this study, we isolated two reeler cDNAs from bacteria-challenged larval fat bodies of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. A reeler domain spanned most of the coding regions of these two cDNAs, and their expression patterns were different in B. mori larval tissues. The reeler1 gene was strongly induced by Escherichia coli K12 and Bacillus subtilis in B. mori larval hemocytes, fat bodies and midguts, but reeler2 was expressed at extremely low levels in these tissues. We focused on the reeler1 gene for functional analysis. Interference by double-stranded reeler1 RNA in vivo led to reduced nodule formation in bacteria-injected larvae, while the injection of recombinant Reeler1 promoted nodule formation in reeler1 gene-silenced larvae, indicating that Reeler1 is involved in the nodulation response. Knockdown of the reeler1 gene significantly decreased phenoloxidase activity in bacteria-challenged larval hemolymph, while injection of recombinant Reeler1 enhanced phenoloxidase activity, suggesting that Reeler1 is involved in the prophenoloxidase activation cascade. Our results provide new mechanistic evidence about the melanization cascade in the insect immunity.
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[Probabilistic evaluation of dietary exposure to lead and age-related exposure centile for residents in Jiangsu].
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 02-01-2011
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To establish a probabilistic model for evaluation of dietary exposure to lead and construct age-related exposure centiles for the residents in Jiangsu.
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Global analysis of the transcriptional response of whitefly to tomato yellow leaf curl China virus reveals the relationship of coevolved adaptations.
J. Virol.
PUBLISHED: 01-26-2011
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The begomoviruses are the largest and most economically important group of plant viruses transmitted exclusively by the whitefly Bemisia tabaci in a circulative, persistent manner. The circulation of the viruses within the insect vectors involves complex interactions between virus and vector components; however, the molecular mechanisms of these interactions remain largely unknown. Here we investigated the transcriptional response of the invasive B. tabaci Middle East-Asia Minor 1 species to Tomato yellow leaf curl China virus (TYLCCNV) using Illumina sequencing technology. Results showed that 1,606 genes involved in 157 biochemical pathways were differentially expressed in the viruliferous whiteflies. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis indicated that TYLCCNV can perturb the cell cycle and primary metabolism in the whitefly, which explains the negative effect of this virus on the longevity and fecundity of B. tabaci. Our data also demonstrated that TYLCCNV can activate whitefly immune responses, such as autophagy and antimicrobial peptide production, which might lead to a gradual decrease of viral particles within the body of the viruliferous whitefly. Furthermore, PCR results showed that TYLCCNV can invade the ovary and fat body tissues of the whitefly, and Lysotracker and Western blot analyses revealed that the invasion of TYLCCNV induced autophagy in both the ovary and fat body tissues. Surprisingly, TYLCCNV also suppressed the whitefly immune responses by downregulating the expression of genes involved in Toll-like signaling and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways. Taken together, these results reveal the relationship of coevolved adaptations between begomoviruses and whiteflies and will provide a road map for future investigations into the complex interactions between plant viruses and their insect vectors.
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Epworth Sleepiness Scale may be an indicator for blood pressure profile and prevalence of coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.
Sleep Breath
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2011
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This study seeks to determine whether scores of a short questionnaire assessing subjective daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale [ESS]) are associated with blood pressure (BP) level, BP profile, and prevalence of related coronary artery disease (CAD) and cerebrovascular disease (CVD) in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients diagnosed by polysomnography (PSG).
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Proteomic analysis of intestinal ischemia/reperfusion injury and ischemic preconditioning in rats reveals the protective role of aldose reductase.
Proteomics
PUBLISHED: 12-08-2010
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Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a critical condition associated with high morbidity and mortality. Studies show that ischemic preconditioning (IPC) can protect the intestine from I/R injury. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of this event have not been fully elucidated. In the present study, 2-DE combined with MALDI-MS was employed to analyze intestinal mucosa proteomes of rat subjected to I/R injury in the absence or presence of IPC pretreatment. The protein content of 16 proteins in the intestinal mucosa changed more than 1.5-fold following intestinal I/R. These proteins were, respectively, involved in the cellular processes of energy metabolism, anti-oxidation and anti-apoptosis. One of these proteins, aldose reductase (AR), removes reactive oxygen species. In support of the 2-DE results, the mRNA and protein expressions of AR were significantly downregulated upon I/R injury and enhanced by IPC as confirmed by RT-PCR and western blot analysis. Further study showed that AR-selective inhibitor epalrestat totally turned over the protective effect of IPC, indicating that IPC confers protection against intestinal I/R injury primarily by increasing intestinal AR expression. The finding that AR may play a key in intestinal ischemic protection might offer evidences to foster the development of new therapies against intestinal I/R injury.
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[Degradation of dimethyl phthalate (DMP) in aqueous solution by UV/Si-FeOOH/H2O2].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 11-16-2010
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In this study the new catalyst Si-FeOOH was synthesized by adding Si to the traditional FeOOH and the mechanic strength of this new catalyst could be enhanced greatly. The photo-degradation of dimethyl phthalate (DMP) by UV/Si-FeOOH/H2O2 was investigated. The new catalyst Si-FeOOH was amorphous structure with high surface area and low soluble iron by XRD, IR and SEM. The efficiency of DMP degradation by UV/Si-FeOOH/H2O2 could reach 97% after 30 min reaction time at pH 5, 0.5 g/L dosage of Si-FeOOH, and 2.0 mmol/L of H2O2 under 125W UV365 irradiation. DMP could be degraded effectively by synergistic effect of UV, Si-FeOOH and H2O2. The Si-FeOOH photocatalyst can be very easily recovered and its catalytic activity also remained after several rounds of reaction.
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Sleep-related hypoxemia aggravates systematic inflammation in emphysematous rats.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 11-02-2010
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Sleep disturbance is common in patients with emphysema. This study aimed to develop a novel model of sleep-related hypoxemia (SRH) in emphysema (SRHIE) with rats, and to explore the inflammatory status of SRHIE in lung, liver, pancreas, carotid artery and whole blood.
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Thrust stand for low-thrust liquid pulsed rocket engines.
Rev Sci Instrum
PUBLISHED: 10-05-2010
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A thrust stand is developed for measuring the pulsed thrust generated by low-thrust liquid pulsed rocket engines. It mainly consists of a thrust dynamometer, a base frame, a connecting frame, and a data acquisition and processing system. The thrust dynamometer assembled with shear mode piezoelectric quartz sensors is developed as the core component of the thrust stand. It adopts integral shell structure. The sensors are inserted into unique double-elastic-half-ring grooves with an interference fit. The thrust is transferred to the sensors by means of static friction forces of fitting surfaces. The sensors could produce an amount of charges which are proportional to the thrust to be measured. The thrust stand is calibrated both statically and dynamically. The in situ static calibration is performed using a standard force sensor. The dynamic calibration is carried out using pendulum-typed steel ball impact technique. Typical thrust pulse is simulated by a trapezoidal impulse force. The results show that the thrust stand has a sensitivity of 25.832 mV/N, a linearity error of 0.24% FSO, and a repeatability error of 0.23% FSO. The first natural frequency of the thrust stand is 1245 Hz. The thrust stand can accurately measure thrust waveform of each firing, which is used for fine control of on-orbit vehicles in the thrust range of 5-20 N with pulse frequency of 50 Hz.
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Asymptomatic patients of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in China.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 09-08-2010
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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has a variable natural history and not all individuals follow the same course. This study aimed to identify the prevalence and characteristics of asymptomatic COPD patients from a population-based survey in China.
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[Study on hypoxemia during sleep in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease].
Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
PUBLISHED: 07-29-2010
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To investigate the influence of hypoxemia during sleep on elements of polysomnography (PSG) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the correlation of sleep hypoxemia and arterial blood gases, pulmonary function in daytime.
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[Resident dietary exposure of cadmium in Jiangsu province].
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-27-2010
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To investigate the resident dietary cadmium exposure in Jiangsu province and assess its safety.
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The effects of sleep hypoxia on coagulant factors and hepatic inflammation in emphysematous rats.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 07-14-2010
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To develop a sleep hypoxia (SH) in emphysema (SHE) rat model and to explore whether SHE results in more severe hepatic inflammation than emphysema alone and whether the inflammation changes levels of coagulant/anticoagulant factors synthesized in the liver.
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Transcriptome analysis of the brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 06-27-2010
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The brown planthopper (BPH) Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) is one of the most serious insect pests of rice in Asia. However, little is known about the mechanisms responsible for the development, wing dimorphism and sex difference in this species. Genomic information for BPH is currently unavailable, and, therefore, transcriptome and expression profiling data for this species are needed as an important resource to better understand the biological mechanisms of BPH.
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Synthesis and immune response of non-native isomers of vascular endothelial growth factor.
Biochemistry
PUBLISHED: 06-26-2010
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Native proteins often lack immunogenicity and thus limit vaccine and mAb development. We described here a unique method to enhance the immunogenicity of native proteins. This is achieved by creating non-native isomers of disulfide proteins (X-isomers) using the method of disulfide scrambling. X-isomers have the potential to be developed as vaccines and effective immunogens, as they are capable of breaking the immune tolerance and eliciting antibodies that cross-react with the native protein. In this report, we describe production of X-isomers of vascular endothelial growth factor (X-VEGF). The aim is to develop X-VEGF for cancer immunotherapy targeting reduction of VEGF. The production of mouse X-VEGF is achieved by expressing the short version of VEGF (1-110) commonly shared by all VEGF isoforms, with two Cys --> Ala mutations at Cys(51) and Cys(60) to generate R-VEGF(110) (R stands for fully reduced). R-VEGF(110) was then allowed to undergo oxidative folding in the absence of denaturant to form N-VEGF(110) (N stands for native) or in the presence of denaturant to generate five fractions of X-VEGF(110) isomers. While N-VEGF(110) exhibits only marginal immunogenicity in mice, all five fractions of X-VEGF(110) isomers were shown to elicit high titers of antibodies that cross-react with N-VEGF(110). In sera of immunized mice, the amounts of anti-N-VEGF antibodies elicited by X-VEGF(110) isomers range from 54 to 186 mug/mL, which are compatible with or greater than the concentration required for effective therapy using anti-VEGF MAbs. The underlying mechanism of enhanced immunogenicity of X-VEGF(110) is investigated and elaborated. These data suggest that X-VEGF(110) isomers are potential compounds in developing active immunotherapy for treatment of VEGFR bearing tumors and the wet form of age-related macular degeneration.
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De novo characterization of a whitefly transcriptome and analysis of its gene expression during development.
BMC Genomics
PUBLISHED: 06-24-2010
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Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) causes extensive crop damage throughout the world by feeding directly on plants and by vectoring hundreds of species of begomoviruses. Yet little is understood about its genes involved in development, insecticide resistance, host range plasticity and virus transmission.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.