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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Organ-specific changes in norepinephrine turnover against various stress conditions in thermoneutral mice.
Jpn. J. Vet. Res.
PUBLISHED: 10-07-2014
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The effects of three stressors of different categories, namely cold exposure, immobilization, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment, on sympathetic nerve activity were examined by assessing its biochemical index norepinephrine (NE) turnover in peripheral organs of C57BL/6 mice. NE turnover was assessed by measuring the decrease in the organ NE concentration 3 h after inhibition of catecholamine biosynthesis with alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine. NE turnover in brown adipose tissue (BAT) in the room temperature (23 degrees C) control group was as high as that in the cold exposure (4 degrees C) group. Similarly, the mRNA level of the thermogenic marker uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) in the room temperature control group was as high as that in the cold exposure group. As sympathetic stimulation upregulates the UCP1 mRNA level, we thought that sympathetic nerve tonus in BAT was already accelerated at room temperature. To exclude factors affecting basal sympathetic nerve activity, mice housed at thermoneutral temperature (30 degrees C) were used as controls for the subsequent experiments. In this condition, cold exposure accelerated NE turnover in the BAT, as well as heart and pancreas. The corticosterone level showed a higher trend in the cold exposure group in comparison to the control group. Immobilization accelerated NE turnover in the spleen, pancreas, and white adipose tissue and elevated the corticosterone level. LPS (3 mg/kg, i.p.) did not affect NE turnover in all peripheral organs but elevated the corticosterone level. In summary, the sympathetic nervous and adrenocortical responses to three stressors differed greatly. In particular, sympathetic responses showed clear organ-specific acceleration patterns. This important feature may improve our understanding of the multiplicity of biological responses.
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Coadministration of 5% glucose solution and dexamethasone and oxaliplatin-related vascular pain grade: a case study.
Clin J Oncol Nurs
PUBLISHED: 10-02-2013
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Agents used in cancer treatment can cause many side effects in patients. Oxaliplatin is a platinum-based cytotoxic agent that is used in the treatment of colorectal cancers, and one of its potential side effects is vascular pain. The current article will discuss the coadministration of dexamethasone and its potential effect on oxaliplatin-related vascular pain.
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Is elimination of cardiotomy suction preferable in aortic valve replacement? Assessment of perioperative coagulation, fibrinolysis and inflammation.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg
PUBLISHED: 05-31-2013
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Guidelines recommend the avoidance of direct return of pericardial blood based on evidence from coronary surgery. A continuous auto-transfusion system (CATS) can be a good alternative to cardiotomy suction by reinfusing aspirated pericardial blood without the necessity of intermittent collection. To clarify the effects of direct return of pericardial blood in aortic valve replacement (AVR), we compared the effects of cardiotomy suction and an alternative CATS on perioperative coagulofibrinolysis and inflammation systems, and clinical outcomes.
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[Axillo-axillary bypass for coronary-subclavian steal syndrome].
Kyobu Geka
PUBLISHED: 05-16-2013
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We describe a case of coronary-subclavian steal syndrome in a 77-year-old man who presented with progressive coronary ischemia 8 years after coronary artery bypass grafting with an in-situ left internal thoracic artery graft. Coronary and left subclavian artery angiogram revealed completely patent internal thoracic artery graft and 90% stenosis in the proximal left subclavian artery. We performed axilloaxillary artery bypass using expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE)[8 mm] graft. No coronary ischemia was noted postoperatively. Axillo-axillary artery bypass grafting was effective for coronary subclavian steal syndrome.
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Adding coronary artery bypass grafting to aortic valve replacement increases operative mortality for elderly (70 years and older) patients with aortic stenosis.
Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
PUBLISHED: 03-01-2013
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This retrospective study aimed to determine the effect of simultaneous aortic valve replacement (AVR) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on operative outcomes and long-term survival in elderly patients with a high prevalence of comorbidity.
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miR-125b develops chemoresistance in Ewing sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor.
Cancer Cell Int.
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2013
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Diverse functions of microRNAs (miRNAs), including effects on tumorigenesis, proliferation, and differentiation, have been reported, and several miRNAs have also been demonstrated to play an important role in apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the possible role that miRNAs may play in the development of chemoresistance in Ewing sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor (EWS).
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Preoperative Increasing C-reactive Protein Affects the Outcome for Active Infective Endocarditis.
Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
PUBLISHED: 02-15-2013
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Purpose: This study aimed to determine if preoperative time course changes in serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels can predict clinical outcome of surgical intervention for active infective endocarditis. Methods: Surgically treated patients (n = 109) with active infective endocarditis were reviewed retrospectively. We divided the patients into 2 subgroups according to preoperative transition of increasing or decreasing serum CRP levels, and performed a comparative study. The increasing CRP group included 29 patients and the decreasing CRP group included 80 patients. Results: There were more patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and New York Heart Association functional class IV in the increasing CRP group. Hospital mortality was signifi cantly higher in the increasing CRP group (34.5%) than that in the decreasing CRP group (5.0%) (p <0.05). In multivariate analysis, 3 signifi cant risk factors of surgical outcome were identifi ed: a tendency for increasing preoperative CRP levels (odds ratio [OR]: 18.15, 95% confi dence interval [CI]: 1.03-320.78), nosocomial infective endocarditis (OR: 18.73, 95% CI: 1.57-223.60), and dialysis (OR: 1025.46, 95% CI: 2.89-363587.12). Conclusion: The outcome of operations for patients with increasing preoperative CRP levels is poor. For treatment of active infective endocarditis, a better operative result is expected when preoperative CRP levels are decreasing.
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Overexpression of KLF15 transcription factor in adipocytes of mice results in down-regulation of SCD1 protein expression in adipocytes and consequent enhancement of glucose-induced insulin secretion.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 08-23-2011
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Krüppel-like factor 15 (KLF15), a member of the Krüppel-like factor family of transcription factors, has been found to play diverse roles in adipocytes in vitro. However, little is known of the function of KLF15 in adipocytes in vivo. We have now found that the expression of KLF15 in adipose tissue is down-regulated in obese mice, and we therefore generated adipose tissue-specific KLF15 transgenic (aP2-KLF15 Tg) mice to investigate the possible contribution of KLF15 to various pathological conditions associated with obesity in vivo. The aP2-KLF15 Tg mice manifest insulin resistance and are resistant to the development of obesity induced by maintenance on a high fat diet. However, they also exhibit improved glucose tolerance as a result of enhanced insulin secretion. Furthermore, this enhancement of insulin secretion was shown to result from down-regulation of the expression of stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1) in white adipose tissue and a consequent reduced level of oxidative stress. This is supported by the findings that restoration of SCD1 expression in white adipose tissue of aP2-KLF15 Tg mice exhibited increased oxidative stress in white adipose tissue and reduced insulin secretion with hyperglycemia. Our data thus provide an example of cross-talk between white adipose tissue and pancreatic ? cells mediated through modulation of oxidative stress.
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Green tea consumption is inversely associated with the incidence of influenza infection among schoolchildren in a tea plantation area of Japan.
J. Nutr.
PUBLISHED: 08-10-2011
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Green tea is known to contain antiviral components that prevent influenza infection. A limited number of adult clinical studies have been undertaken, but there is a paucity of clinical evidence concerning children. We conducted an observational study to determine the association between green tea consumption and the incidence of influenza infection among schoolchildren. Anonymous questionnaire surveys were undertaken twice during the influenza season from November 2008 to February 2009 (endemic seasonal type A influenza infection); each survey was conducted for 2663 pupils across all elementary schools in Kikugawa City (a tea plantation area), Japan. Each questionnaire was completed and submitted by 2050 pupils (response rate, 77.0%; age range, 6-13 y). The adjusted OR associated with the consumption of green tea for ?6 d/wk compared with <3 d/wk was 0.60 [(95% CI = 0.39-0.92); P = 0.02] in cases of influenza confirmed by the antigen test. Meanwhile, the adjusted OR inversely associated with the consumption of 1 cup/d to <3 cups/d (1 cup = 200 mL) and 3-5 cups/d compared with <1 cup/d were 0.62 [(95% CI = 0.41-0.95); P = 0.03] and 0.54 [(95% CI = 0.30-0.94); P = 0.03], respectively. However, there was no significant association with the consumption of >5 cups/d. Our findings thus suggest that the consumption of 1-5 cups/d of green tea may prevent influenza infection in children.
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Macrophage infiltration predicts a poor prognosis for human ewing sarcoma.
Am. J. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 05-19-2011
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Ewing sarcoma-primitive neuroectodermal tumor (EWS) is associated with the most unfavorable prognosis of all primary musculoskeletal tumors. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) affect the development of EWS. TAMs were isolated from mouse xenografts using CD11b magnetic beads and examined for their cytokine expression and osteoclastic differentiation. To evaluate the role of TAMs in xenograft formation, liposome-encapsulated clodronate was used to deplete TAMs in mice. Macrophage infiltration and tumor microvascular density were histologically evaluated in 41 patients with EWS, and association with prognosis was examined using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. In mouse EWS xenografts, TAMs expressed higher concentrations of cytokines including interleukin-6, keratinocyte-derived chemokine, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1. TAMs were more capable than normal monocytes of differentiating into tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive giant cells. Depleting macrophages using liposome-encapsulated clodronate significantly inhibited development of EWS xenografts. In human EWS samples, higher levels of CD68-positive macrophages were associated with poorer overall survival. In addition, enhanced vascularity, increase in the amount of C-reactive protein, and higher white blood cell counts were also associated with poor prognosis and macrophage infiltration. TAMs seem to enhance the progression of EWS by stimulating both angiogenesis and osteoclastogenesis. Further investigation of the behavior of TAMs may lead to development of biologically targeted therapies for EWS.
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[Hybrid repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm in high-risk patients using a quadrifurcated graft].
Kyobu Geka
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2011
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Surgical treatment for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm is still challenging and is associated with a high risk of paraplegia. Hybrid repair with stent graft insertion for the thoracoabdominal aorta excluding the branches of the lumbar and visceral arteries and bypass grafting to the visceral branches has been introduced as a less invasive treatment that reduces the risk of paraplegia. For hybrid repair, it is important to have appropriate management of the revascularized grafts to the 4 visceral arteries with sufficient inflow. We have recently adopted a knitted quadrifurcated graft applied inversely from the abdominal aorta or the iliac artery to the 4 visceral arteries; the celiac, superior mesenteric, and bilateral renal arteries. To date, we have used the graft in hybrid repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm in 2 high-risk elder patients who had disseminated intravascular coagulopathy and severe renal failure, respectively. We found that a knitted quadrifurcated graft was easy to handle and useful for reducing the number of anastomoses, which were expected to shorten the operation time. Postoperative courses were uneventful without paraplegia in either patient. Postoperative computed tomography showed excellent patency of the inversely applied quadrifurcated graft without any endoleak or migration in the thoracoabdominal stent. In conclusion, revascularization of 4 visceral arteries using a quadrifurcated graft should be considered a preferable option in hybrid treatment for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm.
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Role of the VEGF-Flt-1-FAK pathway in the pathogenesis of osteoclastic bone destruction of giant cell tumors of bone.
J Orthop Surg Res
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2010
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Giant cell tumors (GCTs) of bone are primary benign bone tumors that are characterized by a high number of osteoclast-like multinuclear giant cells (MNCs). Recent studies suggest that the spindle-shaped stromal cells in GCTs are tumor cells, while monocyte-like cells and MNCs are reactive osteoclast precursor cells (OPCs) and osteoclasts (OCs), respectively. In this study, we investigated the pathogenesis of osteoclastic bone destruction in GCTs by focusing on the role of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-Flt-1 (type-1 VEGF receptor)-focal adhesion kinase (FAK) pathway.
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Inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase 94C>A polymorphism: clinical implications for patients with systemic lupus erythematosus treated with azathioprine.
Expert Opin Drug Saf
PUBLISHED: 04-07-2010
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Azathioprine (AZA) has immunosuppressive property and has been widely used in organ transplantation and in several autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus. The use of AZA is limited by the occurrence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) leading to treatment discontinuation. Under AZA therapy, inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase (ITPA) deficiency presumably leads to accumulation of unusual thioinosine metabolites with the potential for ADRs. Japanese patients require lower doses of AZA compared with Caucasian patients to achieve the same concentration of active metabolites. This ethnic difference in part is probably due to genetic polymorphisms of ITPA.
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Diet-induced up-regulation of gene expression in adipocytes without changes in DNA methylation.
Kobe J Med Sci
PUBLISHED: 07-25-2009
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The expansion of white adipose tissue (WAT) mass during the development of obesity is mediated in part through an increase in adipocyte size. Although gene expression profiles associated with adipogenesis in vitro and the development of obesity in vivo have been characterized by DNA microarray analysis, the role of chromatin and chromatin-modifying proteins in the regulation of gene expression related to adipocyte hypertrophy has remained unclear. We have now shown that maintenance of C57BL/6J mice on a high-fat diet for 16 weeks resulted in marked up-regulation of the expression of leptin, Mest (mesoderm specific transcript; also known as paternally expressed gene 1, or Peg1), and sFRP5 (secreted frizzled-related protein 5) genes in WAT. Furthermore, the demethylating agent 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine increased the amount of Mest/Peg1 mRNA, but not that of leptin or sFRP5 mRNAs, in mouse 3T3-L1 adipocytes. However, analysis by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry revealed that maintenance of mice on a high-fat diet for various times did not affect the level of methylation at specific CpG sites in the promoter regions of leptin, Mest/Peg1, and sFRP5 genes in WAT. Our results indicate that the diet-induced up-regulation of leptin, Mest/Peg1, and sFRP5 gene expression in WAT during the development of obesity in mice is not mediated directly by changes in DNA methylation.
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Effect of genetic polymorphisms on effectiveness of low-dose azathioprine in Japanese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.
Am J Health Syst Pharm
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The effect of genetic polymorphisms on the effectiveness of low-dose azathioprine in Japanese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) was studied.
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[A case of neurotoxicity reduced with pregabalin in R-CHOP chemotherapy for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma].
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
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When performing R-CHOP(rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone)for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL), neurotoxicity of vincristine(VCR)is the serious dose-limiting factor.Pregabalin is one of the first-line treatments for painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy in many countries, and we have administered it to relieve the neurotoxicity associated with adverse effects of VCR in a DLBCL patient treated with the R-CHOP regimen.A 49-year-old man with kidney DLBCL had surgery performed.Afterward, the R-CHOP regimen was introduced.In order to relieve the neurotoxicity of VCR, pregabalin was used from day 8 in the second course.The severity of sensory neurotoxicity after the administration of pregabalin was improved from CTCAE(v4.0)grade 3 to grade 1.Therefore, there is a possibility that VCR-induced neurotoxicity is relieved by pregabalin.Further trials are needed to confirm the value of pregabalin.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.