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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Convergent chemoenzymatic synthesis of a library of glycosylated analogues of pramlintide: structure-activity relationships for amylin receptor agonism.
Org. Biomol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 07-17-2014
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Pramlintide (Symlin®), a synthetic analogue of the naturally occurring pancreatic hormone amylin, is currently used with insulin in adjunctive therapy for type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Herein we report a systematic study into the effect that N-glycosylation of pramlintide has on activation of amylin receptors. A highly efficient convergent synthetic route, involving a combination of solid phase peptide synthesis and enzymatic glycosylation, delivered a library of N-glycosylated variants of pramlintide bearing either GlcNAc, the core N-glycan pentasaccharide [Man3(GlcNAc)2] or a complex biantennary glycan [(NeuAcGalGlcNAcMan)2Man(GlcNAc)2] at each of its six asparagine residues. The majority of glycosylated versions of pramlintide were potent receptor agonists, suggesting that N-glycosylation may be used as a tool to optimise the pharmacokinetic properties of pramlintide and so deliver improved therapeutic agents for the treatment of diabetes and obesity.
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Acceptor specificity in the transglycosylation reaction using Endo-M.
Carbohydr. Res.
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2010
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To determine the structural specificity of the glycosyl acceptor of the transglycosylation reaction using endo-?-N-acetylglucosaminidase (ENGase) (EC 3.2.1.96) from Mucor hiemalis (Endo-M), several acceptor derivatives were designed and synthesized. The narrow regions of the 1,3-diol structure from the 4- to 6-hydroxy functions of GlcNAc were found to be essential for the transglycosylation reaction using Endo-M. Furthermore, it was determined that Endo-M strictly recognizes a 1,3-diol structure consisting of primary and secondary hydroxyl groups.
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Chemo-enzymatic synthesis of glycosylated insulin using a GlcNAc tag.
Bioorg. Med. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 10-07-2009
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Artificial insulin with an N-linked oligosaccharide was synthesized by a chemo-enzymatic method using endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase from Mucor hiemalis (Endo-M). GlcNAc-modified insulin was prepared by the reaction of the carboxymethyl glycoside of GlcNAc and 3 amino groups of bovine insulin using a dimethylphosphinothioic mixed anhydride (Mpt-MA) method. A transglycosylation reaction of the GlcNAc-modified insulin using Endo-M gave mono-transglycosylated insulin predominantly. We determined the transglycosylation site of the mono-transglycosylated insulin.
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Endo-?-N-Acetylglucosaminidase catalysed glycosylation: tolerance of enzymes to structural variation of the glycosyl amino acid acceptor.
Org. Biomol. Chem.
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Endo-?-N-Acetylglucosaminidases (ENGases) are highly useful biocatalysts that can be used to synthetically access a wide variety of defined homogenous N-linked glycoconjugates in a convergent manner. The synthetic efficiency of a selection of family GH85 ENGases was investigated as the structure of the acceptor substrate was varied. Several different GlcNAc-asparagine acceptors were synthesised, and used in conjunction with penta- and decasaccharide oxazoline donors. Different enzymes showed different tolerances of modification of the GlcNAc acceptor. Whilst none tolerated modification of either the 4- or 6-hydroxyl, both Endo M and Endo D tolerated modification of OH-3. For Endo D the achievable synthetic efficiency was increased by a factor of three by the use a 3-O-benzyl protected acceptor. The presence of a fucose at position-3 was not tolerated by any of the enzymes assayed.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.