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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Baicalin attenuates TNBS-induced colitis in rats by modulating the Th17/Treg paradigm.
Arch. Pharm. Res.
PUBLISHED: 09-23-2014
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Baicalin, a flavonoid, has a wide range of pharmacological properties, including immunomodulation. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of baicalin on the balance of T helper 17 (Th17) and regulatory T (Treg) cells in a colitis model. The rat colitis model was induced by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS). Baicalin (10 ml/kg, each) or mesalazine (positive control) was then administered orally for 7 days. Inflammatory and immunological responses were evaluated by pathology, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, real-time polymerase chain reaction, western blot analysis, and flow cytometry. Our study showed that baicalin not only significantly attenuated TNBS-induced colitis by reducing the disease activity index as well as macroscopic and microscopic scores, but it also improved the weight loss and shortening of the colon. Baicalin treatment also induced a significant decrease in the levels of inflammatory mediators, including the myeloperoxidase activity, the levels of tumor necrosis factor ?, IL-1?, and Th1-related cytokines IL-12 and IFN-?. Furthermore, the beneficial effects of baicalin seem to be associated with regulation of the Th17 and Treg paradigm. We found that administration of baicalin significantly downregulated the number of Th17 cells and the levels of Th17-related cytokines (IL-17 and IL-6) and retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor ?t. In contrast, there was an increase in Treg cells numbers, Treg-related cytokines transforming growth factor-? and IL-10, and forkhead box P3. Our results suggest that the anti-inflammatory effect of baicalin may be linked to modulation of the balance between Th17 and Treg cells in TNBS-induced ulcerative colitis.
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Association of the interleukin-22 genetic polymorphisms with ulcerative colitis.
Diagn Pathol
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2014
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Interleukin-22 (IL-22) is a member of the IL-10 family of anti-inflammatory cytokines that mediates epithelial immunity. IL-22 expression was found to be increased in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). Whether genetic polymorphisms of IL-22 also influence UC risk is still unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between the IL-22 gene polymorphisms (-429 C/T, +1046 T/A and +1995 A/C) and the risk of UC in Chinese Han patients.
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[Two cases of African imported Plasmodium malariae malaria].
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-24-2014
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The process of diagnosis, epidemiological survey and treatment of two cases of African imported quartan malaria is reported in this paper.
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Association of cardiometabolic risk profile with prehypertension accompany hyperhomocysteinaemia.
Clin. Exp. Hypertens.
PUBLISHED: 07-23-2014
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Abstract Background: Study suggested that elevated homocysteine showed a multiplicative effect on cardiovascular diseases in hypertensive subjects. It was reported that elevated homocysteine level was independently associated with increased arterial stiffness in prehypertensives. It remains unclear whether prehypertensives combined with elevated homocysteine have adverse cardiovascular risk factors. We aimed to compare cardiometabolic risk profile between prehypertensives with hyperhomocysteinaemia and those without either condition. Methods: Plasma total homocysteine and risk profile were determined among 874 Chinese non-hypertension individuals in Tianjin. They were subdivided into four groups: prehypertension with hyperhomocysteinaemia (?10??mol/L), prehypertension with normal homocysteine (<10??mol/L), normotension with hyperhomocysteinaemia, normotension with normol homocysteine, respectively. Results: In 874 participants, 22.5% of them were male, mean age was 56.8 years. In multiple comparisons, after adjustment for age, gender, smoking, alcohol, exercise, education prehypertensives had higher body mass index (BMI) and high sensitive C reactive protein (hs-CRP) than normotensives (p?
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The phenotypic spectrum of progressive supranuclear palsy: A retrospective multicenter study of 100 definite cases.
Mov. Disord.
PUBLISHED: 05-28-2014
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The phenotypic variability of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) may account for its frequent misdiagnosis, in particular in early stages of the disease. However, large multicenter studies to define the frequency and natural history of PSP phenotypes are missing. In a cohort of 100 autopsy-confirmed patients we studied the phenotypic spectrum of PSP by retrospective chart review. Patients were derived from five brain banks with expertise in neurodegenerative disorders with referrals from multiple academic hospitals. The clinical characteristics of the 100 cases showed remarkable heterogeneity. Most strikingly, only 24% of cases presented as Richardson's Syndrome (RS), and more than half of the cases either showed overlapping features of several predescribed phenotypes, or features not fitting proposed classification criteria for PSP phenotypes. Classification of patients according to predominant clinical features in the first 2 years of the disease course allowed a more comprehensive description of the phenotypic spectrum. These predominance types differed significantly with regard to survival time and frequency of cognitive deficits. In summary, the phenotypic spectrum of PSP may be broader and more variable than previously described in single-center studies. Thus, too strict clinical criteria defining distinct phenotypes may not reflect this variability. A more pragmatic clinical approach using predominance types could potentially be more helpful in the early recognition of and for making prognostic predictions for these patients. Given the limitations arising from the retrospective nature of this analysis, a systematic validation in a prospective cohort study is imperative. © 2014 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.
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Formation of intercalation compound of kaolinite-glycine via displacing guest water by glycine.
J Colloid Interface Sci
PUBLISHED: 04-15-2014
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The kaolinite-glycine intercalation compound was successfully formed by displacing intercalated guest water molecules in kaolinite hydrate as a precursor. The microstructure of the compound was characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and Scanning Electron Microscope. Results show that glycine can only be intercalated into hydrated kaolinite to form glycine-kaolinite by utilizing water molecules as a transition phase. The intercalated glycine molecules were squeezed partially into the ditrigonal holes in the silicate layer, resulting in the interlayer distance of kaolinite reaching 1.03nm. The proper intercalation temperature range was between 20°C and 80°C. An intercalation time of 24h or above was necessary to ensure the complete formation of kaolinite-glycine. The highest intercalation degree of about 84% appeared when the system was reacted at the temperature of 80°C for 48h. There were two activation energies for the intercalation of glycine into kaolinite, one being 21kJ/mol within the temperature range of 20-65°C and the other 5.8kJ/mol between 65°C and 80°C. The intercalation degree (N) and intercalation velocity (v) of as a function of intercalation time (t) can be empirically expressed as N=-79.35e(-)(t)(/14.8)+80.1 and v=5.37e(-)(t)(/14.8), respectively.
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Visual quality assessment after network transmission incorporating NS2 and Evalvid.
ScientificWorldJournal
PUBLISHED: 04-15-2014
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On the basis of Evalvid tool integrated in NS2 (Network Simulator version 2), the paper gets new set of tools, myEvalvid, to establish the simulation and evaluation platform for multimedia transmission. Then the paper investigates the effects of various influence factors when multimedia information is transmitted in the network and the relationships among these factors. Based on the analysis, the paper gets different evaluation models, respectively. In this paper, we study the impact on performance of several basic source and network parameters of video streams, namely, GOP (Group of Pictures) pattern, compression quantitative parameters, packet length, and packet error rate. Simulation results show that different parameters lead to different distortion levels which are calculated according to the reconstruction images at the receiver and the original images. The experimental results show that the video transmission and quality evaluation model we designed can evaluate multimedia transmission performance over complex environment very well.
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Performance analysis of CO(2) emissions and energy efficiency of metal industries in China.
J. Environ. Manage.
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2014
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Nonferrous metal industries play an important role in China's national economy and are some of the country's largest energy consumers. To better understand the nature of CO(2) emissions from these industries and to further move towards low-carbon development in this industry sector, this study investigates the CO(2) emissions of 12 nonferrous metal industries from 2003 to 2010 based on their life-cycle assessments. It then classifies these industries into four "emission-efficiency" types through cluster analysis. The results show that (1) the industrial economy and energy consumption of China's nonferrous metal industries have grown rapidly, although their recent energy consumption rate shows a declining trend. (2) The copper, aluminum, zinc, lead, and magnesium industries, classified as high-emission industries, are the main contributors of CO(2) emissions. The results have implications for policy decisions that aim to enhance energy efficiency, particularly for promoting the transformation of low-efficiency industries to high-efficiency ones. The study also highlights the important role of policy development in technological innovations, optimization, and upgrades, the reduction of coal proportion in energy consumption, and the advancement of new energy sources.
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"Frozen" Block Copolymer Nanomembranes with Light-Driven Proton Pumping Performance.
ACS Nano
PUBLISHED: 12-30-2013
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Cellular membranes are natural nanoengineering devices, where matter transport, information processing, and energy conversion across the nanoscale boundaries are mediated by membrane proteins (MPs). Despite the great potential of MPs for nanotechnologies, their broad utility in engineered systems is limited by the fluidic and often labile nature of MP-supporting membranes. Little is known on how to direct spontaneous reconstitution of MPs into robust synthetic nanomembranes or how to tune MP functions through rational design of these membranes. Here we report that proteorhodopsin (PR), a light-driven proton pump, can be spontaneously reconstituted into "frozen" (i.e., glassy state) amphiphilic block copolymer membranes via a charge-interaction-directed reconstitution mechanism. We show that PR is not enslaved by a fluidic or lipid-based membrane environment. Rather, well-defined block copolymer nanomembranes, with their tunable membrane moduli, act as allosteric regulators to support the structural integrity and function of PR. Versatile membrane designs exist to modulate the conformational energetics of reconstituted MPs, therefore optimizing proteomembrane stability and performance in synthetic systems.
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[Endoscopic variceal ligation in prevention from esophageal variceal hemorrhage of advanced schistosomiasis patients].
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-31-2013
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To evaluate the effect of the endoscopic esophageal variceal ligation on the prevention from recurrence of esophageal varices and variceal hemorrhage.
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School performance affects adolescent blood pressure.
Cardiol Young
PUBLISHED: 06-14-2013
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Hypertension is a risk factor in many cardiovascular or cerebrovascular diseases. Adolescent hypertension may develop into adult hypertension. Examining the aetiologic factors of adolescent hypertension is crucial in its prevention and in managing its possible complications. The predominant view of aetiologic factors includes heredity, overweight/obesity, insulin resistance, gestational hypertension, diet, and intrauterine growth retardation. This article reported that childrens academic grades in schools were positively correlated with adolescent blood pressure.
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Feasibility of anaerobic digested corn stover as biosorbent for heavy metal.
Bioresour. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2013
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Anaerobic digested (AD) corn stover collected from a lab-scale reactor was used as bioadsorbent to remove the heavy metal in aqueous solution. Effects of contact time and initial heavy metal concentrations on the removal process of Cu(2+) and Cd(2+) were investigated. The maximum adsorption capacities of AD corn stover obtained from Langmuir isotherm models were 83.3 and 50.0mg/g for Cu(2+) and Cd(2+), respectively. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was also used to investigate the surface characteristic of raw and heavy metal loaded AD corn stover.
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Energy-efficient algorithm for broadcasting in ad hoc wireless sensor networks.
Sensors (Basel)
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2013
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Broadcasting is a common and basic operation used to support various network protocols in wireless networks. To achieve energy-efficient broadcasting is especially important for ad hoc wireless sensor networks because sensors are generally powered by batteries with limited lifetimes. Energy consumption for broadcast operations can be reduced by minimizing the number of relay nodes based on the observation that data transmission processes consume more energy than data reception processes in the sensor nodes, and how to improve the network lifetime is always an interesting issue in sensor network research. The minimum-energy broadcast problem is then equivalent to the problem of finding the minimum Connected Dominating Set (CDS) for a connected graph that is proved NP-complete. In this paper, we introduce an Efficient Minimum CDS algorithm (EMCDS) with help of a proposed ordered sequence list. EMCDS does not concern itself with node energy and broadcast operations might fail if relay nodes are out of energy. Next we have proposed a Minimum Energy-consumption Broadcast Scheme (MEBS) with a modified version of EMCDS, and aimed at providing an efficient scheduling scheme with maximized network lifetime. The simulation results show that the proposed EMCDS algorithm can find smaller CDS compared with related works, and the MEBS can help to increase the network lifetime by efficiently balancing energy among nodes in the networks.
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Localized flexible integration of high-efficiency surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) monitors into microfluidic channels.
Lab Chip
PUBLISHED: 08-23-2011
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We report here a facile approach for flexible integration of high efficiency surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) monitors in a continuous microfluidic channel. In our work, femtosecond laser direct writing was adopted for highly localizable and controllable fabrication of the SERS monitor through a multi-photon absorption (MPA) induced photoreduction of silver salt solution. The silver substrate could be shaped into designed patterns, and could be precisely located at the desired position of the microchannel bed, giving the feasibility for real-time detection during reactions. SEM and TEM images show that the silver substrates were composed of crystallized silver nanoplates with an average thickness of 50 nm. AFM results reveal that the substrates were about 600 nm in height and the surface was very rough. As representative tests for SERS detection, p-aminothiophenol (p-ATP) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) were chosen as probing molecules for microfluidic analysis at visible light (514.5 nm) excitation, exhibiting an enhancement factor of ~10(8). In addition, the combination of the SERS substrate with the microfluidic channel allows detection of inactive analytes through in situ microfluidic reactions.
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[Effects of carbon monoxide inhalation on severe limb ischemia/reperfusion injury and its damages lead to shock].
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-18-2011
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To study the protective effect of carbon monoxide (CO) inhalation on the serious limb ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, and which effects caused to shock in rats.
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Acaricidal activity of extract from Eupatorium adenophorum against the Psoroptes cuniculi and Sarcoptes scabiei in vitro.
Vet. Parasitol.
PUBLISHED: 07-06-2011
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The possible acaricidal activity of Eupatorium adenophorum was analyzed using extracts created by water decocting, ethanol thermal circumfluence, and steam distillation. The toxic effect of each extract was tested against Psoroptes cuniculi and Sarcoptes scabiei in vitro. Ethanol thermal circumfluence extract had strong toxicity against mites, killing all S. scabiei at 0.5 and 1.0 g/ml (w/v) concentration, while 1g/ml extract was also found to kill all P. cuniculi within a 4-h period. Similarly, 0.25, 0.5 and 1.0 g/ml concentration of extract had strong toxicity against S. scabiei, with median lethal time (LT(50)) values at 0.866, 0.785 and 0.517 h, respectively. 0.5 g/ml and 1g/ml showed strong acaricidal action against P. cuniculi; the LT(50) values were 0.93 h and 1.29 h, respectively. The median lethal concentration (LC(50)) values were 0.22 g/ml for Scabies mite and 0.64 g/ml for P. cuniculi in 1h. The results indicated that E. adenophorum contains potent acaricidal ingredients; as a first step in the potential development of novel drugs, it may provide new acaricidal compounds for the effective control of animal acariasis.
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[Study on the microstructure of fluorescent labelling ghee microcapsules by Tomoscan imaging].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2011
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In the present paper, fluorescein isothiocyanate was chosen as a fluorescence probe to mark casein protein in alkaline conditions. The interaction of the casein protein marked or not marked and fluorescein isothiocyanate was preliminarily discussed by the spectrum changes of UV-absorption and fluorescence spectrometry. Fluorescent marker was separated from SephadexG-50 chromatography column. With it as an emulsifier, the fluorescently-labeled ghee microcapsules were prepared by spray drying. And using laser scanning confocal microscope by tomoscan imaging to detect the microstructure of ghee microcapsules with the excitation of 488 nm argon-ion laser, the results showed that the casein protein assembled in the membrane surface of oil-water interface and microcapsules. The ghee microcapsules had two forms, namely mononuclear and multinuclear. The microcapsule was spherical. Its surface was smooth with no crack and no hollow. Its wall surface was intact and wall structure was relatively dense. The particle size showed obvious difference. Small particles attached to large particles, forming partial agglomerating powders to contribute to enhancing the solubility of microcapsules. These prove that the ghee microcapsule is an ideal microcapsule product.
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[Epidemiological characteristics of subclinical target organ damage in urban adult residents with hypertension in Tianjin and its relationships with renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 03-23-2011
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To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of subclinical target organ damage (TOD) among urban adult residents with hypertension in Tianjin and evaluate its relationships with circulating renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS).
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[Efficiency of micro-pressurized fluidized hybrid biological reactor for treating phenolic wastwater].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 12-07-2010
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A dynamic experiment was conducted continuously to study the efficiency of the new micro-pressurized fluidized hybrid biological reactor (MP-FHBR) for treating artificial phenolic wastewater. The experimental results showed that the COD volumetric loading and phenolic volumetric loading of MP-FHBR could reach 4.86 kg/(m3 x d) and 1.96 kg/(m3 x d) respectively; effluent COD was lower than 200 mg/L; phenol concentrations of effluent were lower than 1 mg/L; removal rates of COD and phenol reached 90% and 99% above respectively. When volumetric loading of phenol in MP-FHBR reached 2.04 kg/(m3 x d), phenol will accumulate gradually in the reactor along with the reactor running, and specific TTC-dehydrogenase activity of microbe in the reactor declines. When phenol concentration of influent was 800 mg/L, the optimum HRT was 9-10 h. Because of the influence of hydraulic loading on the settling performance of sedimentation tank of the reactor, MP-FHBR was superior to treating higher-concentration phenolic wastewater.
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Comparison of sirolimus- and paclitaxel-eluting stents in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-elevation myocardial infarction: a meta-analysis of randomized trials.
Clin Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 09-16-2010
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It has been reported that sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) and paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) have been more effective than bare-metal stents in reducing restenosis and cardiac events in a broad range of patients with coronary artery disease. However, it is unknown whether there might be differences between these two drug-eluting stents in terms of efficacy and safety in the setting of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
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[Studies on the characters and microstructure of enzyme and octenyl succinic anhydride modified starch].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 09-07-2010
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Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-Vis spectra, laser nano size detector (LNSD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were employed to analyze the characters and structure of enzyme and octenyl succinic anhydride modified starch. The results indicated that the enzymatic starch reacted with octenyl succinic anhydride, bringing only octenyl succinic anhydride groups but not any other groups. The esterification of enzymatic starch only took place in amorphous region, but had no effect on the crystal form of starch granule. The clarity of EOSS increased with the increase in substitution degree. The particle size of oil emulsion made by EOSS was fine and well-distributed, meaning that the emulsion has excellent emulsibility and emulsifying stability. The embedding of oil encapsulated with EOSS is fine. It can be concluded that the properties of EOSS is excellent, and can be used as emulsifier and wall material of microcapsule.
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Synthesis and structural characterization of binuclear half-sandwich iridium, rhodium and ruthenium complexes containing 4,4-dipyridyldisulfide (4DPDS) ligands.
Dalton Trans
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2010
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Reactions of half-sandwich iridium and rhodium complexes [Cp*MCl2]2 (1a: M = Ir, 1b: M = Rh) and the half-sandwich ruthenium complex [(p-cymene)RuCl2]2 (1c) with 4DPDS gave the corresponding binuclear complexes [{Cp*MCl2]2}(m-4DPDS) (2a: M = Ir, 2b: M = Rh) and [{(p-cymene)RuCl2]2}(m-4DPDS) (2c), which can be converted into binuclear metallamacrocycles. The metallamacrocycles [Cp*M(m-4DPDS)Cl]2(2+) (3a: M = Ir, 3b: M = Rh) and [(p-cymene)Ru(m-4DPDS)Cl]2(2+) (3c) are composed of two half-sandwich units and two 4DPDS ligands with the same chirality. The macrocycle 3c is chiral and changes its shape slightly depending on the guests accommodated above and below the cavities.
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Plasma amino-terminal propeptide of procollagen type III is associated with subclinical left ventricular systolic dysfunction in aortic stenosis.
Int. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 06-21-2010
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The aim of the study was to investigate the association of plasma amino-terminal propeptide of procollagen type III (PIIINP) with subclinical left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) and normal LV ejection fraction.
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[Carbon monoxide inhalation protects against limb ischemia/reperfusion injury].
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-19-2010
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To study the protective effect of carbon monoxide(CO) inhalation in the limb ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury of rats.
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Successful mitral valve repair for severe mitral regurgitation caused by isolated cleft of the posterior leaflet.
Int. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 09-13-2009
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Cleft of the post mitral valve leaflet is extremely rare congenital cause of mitral regurgitation. Only six cases have being reported in literature. We report the case of a 34-year-old man with isolated cleft in the posterior mitral valve leaflet causing severe mitral regurgitation. The patient had been experiencing limitation of his exercise capacity becoming more easily tried. Therefore, he was referred for mitral valve surgery. The posterior mitral valve leaflet was successfully repaired using quadrangular resection technique. Intra-operative transesophageal echocardiography showed trivial mitral regurgitation after repair. Satisfactory clinical results were achieved at 2 years post-operatively.
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Synthesis and characterization of molecular rectangles of half-sandwich p-cymene ruthenium complexes bearing oxamidato ligands.
Dalton Trans
PUBLISHED: 08-28-2009
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A series of binuclear half-sandwich p-cymene ruthenium complexes bearing oxamidato ligands [(p-cymene)(2)Ru(2)(mu-N,N-bis(aryl)oxamidato)Cl(2)] (1-3) was synthesized by the reactions of the lithium salts of oxamide with [(p-cymene)RuCl(2)](2), respectively. Treatment of the binuclear complexes (1-3) with bidentate ligands such as 4,4-bipyridine (4,4-bpy) and trans-1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene (bpe) in the presence of AgOTf (OTf = CF(3)SO(3)) gave the corresponding tetranuclear complexes generally formulated as [(p-cymene)(4)Ru(4)(mu-N,N- bis(aryl)oxamidato)(2)(mu-4,4-bpy)(2)](OTf)(4) (4a-c) and [(p-cymene)(4)Ru(4)(mu-N,N-bis(aryl)oxamidato)(2)(mu-bpe)(2)](OTf)(4) (5a-c) in high yields. All compounds (1-3, 4a-5c) have been characterized by NMR and IR spectra and elemental analyses. The molecular structures of , and have been determined by single-crystal X-ray analyses. The molecular structures of tetranuclear complexes and showed that two binuclear fragments as building blocks were connected by 4,4-bpy or bpe to construct a rectangular cavity with the dimensions 5.57 x 11.28 A (4a) and 5.56 x 13.65 A (5a).
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Peridural injection of Mailuoning compound liquor for treatment of prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc in 100 cases.
J Tradit Chin Med
PUBLISHED: 06-12-2009
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To observe the therapeutic effects of peridural injection of Mailuoning Compound Liquor for prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc (PLID).
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[Analysis of primary elemental speciation distribution in mungbean during enzymatic hydrolization].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2009
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In the present paper, trace elements contents of cuprum, zincum, manganese and ferrum in mungbean and their primary speciation distribution during enzymatic hydrolization were investigated with ICP-AES OPTIMA 5300DV plasma emission spectroscopy. The trace elements were separated into two forms, i.e. dissolvable form and particulate form, by cellulose membrane with 0.45 microm of pore diameter. All the samples were digested by strong acid (perchloric acid and nitric acid with 1 : 4 ratio ). The parameters of primary speciations of the four elements were calculated and discussed. The results showed: (1) Contents of cuprum, zincum, manganese and ferrum in mungbean were 12.77, 31.26, 18.14 and 69.38 microg x g(-1) (of dry matter), respectively. Different treatment resulted in different elemental formulation in product, indicating that more attention should be paid to the trace elements pattern when producing mungbean beverage with different processes. (2) Extraction rates of cuprum, zincum, manganese and ferrum in extract were 68.84%, 51.84%, 63.97% and 30.40% with enzymatic treatments and 36.22%, 17.58%, 7.85% and 22.99% with boil treatment, respectively. Both boil and enzymatic treatments led to poor elemental extraction rates, which proved that it was necessary to take deep enzymatic hydrolysis treatment in mungbean beverage process as the trace element utilization rate was concerned. (3) Amylase, protease and cellulose showed different extraction effectiveness of the four trace elements. Generally, protease exhibited highest efficiency for the four elements extraction. All of the four trace elements were mostly in dissolvable form in all hydrolysates and soup. (4) Relative standard deviations and recovery yields are within 0.12%-0.90% (n = 11) and 98.6%-101.4%, respectively. The analysis method in this paper proved to be accurate.
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Prioritized degree distribution in wireless sensor networks with a network coded data collection method.
Sensors (Basel)
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The reliability of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) can be greatly affected by failures of sensor nodes due to energy exhaustion or the influence of brutal external environment conditions. Such failures seriously affect the data persistence and collection efficiency. Strategies based on network coding technology for WSNs such as LTCDS can improve the data persistence without mass redundancy. However, due to the bad intermediate performance of LTCDS, a serious cliff effect may appear during the decoding period, and source data are hard to recover from sink nodes before sufficient encoded packets are collected. In this paper, the influence of coding degree distribution strategy on the cliff effect is observed and the prioritized data storage and dissemination algorithm PLTD-ALPHA is presented to achieve better data persistence and recovering performance. With PLTD-ALPHA, the data in sensor network nodes present a trend that their degree distribution increases along with the degree level predefined, and the persistent data packets can be submitted to the sink node according to its degree in order. Finally, the performance of PLTD-ALPHA is evaluated and experiment results show that PLTD-ALPHA can greatly improve the data collection performance and decoding efficiency, while data persistence is not notably affected.
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Clinical efficacy of botanical extracts from Eupatorium adenophorum against the scab mite, Psoroptes cuniculi.
Vet. Parasitol.
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This study evaluated the in vivo clinical efficacy of Crofton weed (Eupatorium adenophorum) extracts against the scab mite, Psoroptes cuniculi. A 30-day experiment was performed using New Zealand rabbits that were naturally infested with P. cuniculi on a farm. Rabbits were randomly divided into five groups (6 animals per group); animals in groups A, B and C were treated in each ear topically with 2 ml of 1.0, 0.5 and 0.25 g/ml (w/v) E. adenophorum ethanol extract, respectively. Animals in groups D and E were treated with ivermectin (by injection; positive controls) and glycerol with water only (by embrocation; negative controls), respectively. Each rabbit was treated twice with separate treatments on days 0 and 7. Rabbits were observed daily and detailed examinations were performed on days 0, 7, 14 and 30, to inspect the presence or absence of mites and scabs/crusts. Clinical infection and the degree of recovery were evaluated, and the rate of reduction in mites and clinical efficacy rate (%) were calculated. The clinical effect of treatment with E. adenophorum extracts was similar to treatment with ivermectin. Seven days after the initial treatment, the mean clinical scores (presence of scabs/crusts) decreased from 3.32, 3.08 and 3.17 to 0.37, 0.47 and 0.48 in the left ears of animals in groups A, B and C, respectively, and from 3.53, 3.73 and 3.67 to 0.40, 0.45 and 0.48 in the right ears of animals in groups A, B and C, respectively, which were similar to the observations recorded in the positive control rabbits. However, the clinical score for negative control rabbits did not decrease significantly (P>0.05) during the experiment, and this changed from 3.32 to 2.75 in the left ears and from 3.50 to 3.25 in the right ears, and there were no significant differences in clinical efficacy between left and right ears. After two treatments (7 days space), the rabbits in groups A, B, C and D had recovered completely 30 days after the last treatment and no recurrences of infection were observed. These results indicate that E. adenophorum contains potent compounds for the effective control of animal acariasis.
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[Study on secondary structural changes of protein in the formation of microcapsule by FTIR spectroscopy].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
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The mixture of whey protein and isolated soy protein with maltodextrin as microcapsules wall material was adopted. The secondary structure constitution of these two kinds of proteins in the process of heating and spray drying together with maltodextrin were studied by Fourier transform infrared spectra. The result showed that both whey protein and isolated soy protein exhibited differences in the secondary structures. The rate of alpha-helix in whey protein decreased 1.9% and beta-turn content of the protein remains virtually unchanged, beta-sheet increased 8.19%, and random coil decreased 7.18%. At the same time the content of alpha-helix in isolated soy protein decreased 1.64%, the change of beta-sheet is not obvious while beta-turn increased 10.20% and random coil decreased 9.03%. Meanwhile, the amide I bands of these two proteins both shifted to the lower wave number direction, indicating that in the formation process of the microcapsule wall structure there are complex interactions between maltodextrin and proteins, and the hydrogen bonds which comes into existence are comparatively strong. With the help of scanning electron microscope, it was discovered that the surface is more smooth and integrated when the microcapsules wall material contains whey protein, which is high in alpha helix.
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Insulin reduces LPS-induced lethality and lung injury in rats.
Pulm Pharmacol Ther
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Insulin is a main glucose homeostatic hormone in the body. Previous reports showed that insulin also exerted anti-inflammatory actions and attenuated systemic inflammatory response. Here, we observed the effects and the underlying mechanisms of insulin on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). As revealed by survival study, insulin reduced mortality of rats and prolonged their survival time. Meanwhile, insulin significantly reduced the levels of inflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?), interleukin-1? (IL-1?), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Besides, insulin markedly inhibited the expression of toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B). Taken together, these data provided information that insulin attenuated LPS-induced ALI may attribute partly to the inhibition of the production of cytokines, and the expression of TLR2, TLR4 and NF-?B.
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Development and assessment of sensitive immuno-PCR assays for the quantification of cerebrospinal fluid three- and four-repeat tau isoforms in tauopathies.
J. Neurochem.
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Characteristic tau isoform composition of the insoluble fibrillar tau inclusions define tauopathies, including Alzheimers disease (AD), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17/frontotemporal lobar degeneration-tau (FTDP-17/FTLD-tau). Exon 10 splicing mutations in the tau gene, MAPT, in familial FTDP-17 cause elevation of tau isoforms with four microtubule-binding repeat domains (4R-tau) compared to those with three repeats (3R-tau). On the basis of two well-characterised monoclonal antibodies against 3R- and 4R-tau, we developed novel, sensitive immuno-PCR assays for measuring the trace amounts of these isoforms in CSF. This was with the aim of assessing if CSF tau isoform changes reflect the pathological changes in tau isoform homeostasis in the degenerative brain and if these would be relevant for differential clinical diagnosis. Initial analysis of clinical CSF samples of PSP (n = 46), corticobasal syndrome (CBS; n = 22), AD (n = 11), Parkinsons disease with dementia (PDD; n = 16) and 35 controls revealed selective decreases of immunoreactive 4R-tau in CSF of PSP and AD patients compared with controls, and lower 4R-tau levels in AD compared with PDD. These decreases could be related to the disease-specific conformational masking of the RD4-binding epitope because of abnormal folding and/or aggregation of the 4R-tau isoforms in tauopathies or increased sequestration of the 4R-tau isoforms in brain tau pathology.
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The scaffolding protein synapse-associated protein 97 is required for enhanced signaling through isotype-switched IgG memory B cell receptors.
Sci Signal
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After their first encounter with a foreign antigen, naïve B cells that have immunoglobulin M (IgM) B cell receptors (BCRs) trigger the primary antibody response and the generation of memory B cells with IgG BCRs. When these memory B cells reencounter the same antigen, the cell surface IgG BCRs stimulate their rapid differentiation into plasma cells that release large amounts of IgG antibodies. We showed that the conserved cytoplasmic tail of the IgG BCR, which contains a putative PDZ (postsynaptic density 95/disc large/zona occludens 1)-binding motif, associated with synapse-associated protein 97 (SAP97), a PDZ domain-containing scaffolding molecule that is involved in controlling receptor density and signal strength at neuronal synapses. SAP97 accumulated and bound to IgG BCRs in the immunological synapses that formed in response to B cell engagement with antigen. Knocking down SAP97 in IgG? B cells or mutating the putative PDZ-binding motif in the BCR tail impaired formation of the immunological synapse, initiation of IgG BCR signaling, and downstream activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase p38. Thus, heightened B cell memory responses are encoded, in part, by a mechanism that involves SAP97 serving as a scaffolding protein in the IgG BCR immunological synapse.
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Association of Modifiable Lifestyle Behaviors With Hypertension by Various Body Mass Index Categories in Tianjin Province of China: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Asia Pac J Public Health
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The present study was conducted to identify the difference of the relationship between lifestyle behaviors with hypertension (HTN) by various body mass index (BMI) categories. A cross-sectional study was conducted among Tianjin urban communities. A total of 26 438 subjects were randomly selected. The authors evaluated associations of lifestyle behaviors with HTN among normal, overweight, and obese adults using a hierarchical logistic model considering the gross domestic product of residence as socioeconomic proxy. A positive association was found between BMI and the risk of HTN among male and female subjects. Current smoking was associated with a higher risk of HTN in overweight (odds ratio [OR] = 1.19, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.04-1.36) and obese groups (OR = 1.20, 95% CI = 1.03-1.53). There were statistically significant associations of current drinking with risk of HTN in normal weight (OR = 1.18, 95% CI = 1.01-1.31) and overweight groups (OR = 1.22, 95% CI = 1.07-1.40). The prevention of overweight and obesity is important in preventing HTN. Additionally, adherence to healthy lifestyle is associated with less risk of HTN in various BMI categories.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.