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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
[Analysis on depression of patients with advanced schistosomiasis and its influencing factors].
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-28-2014
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To explore the status of depression in patients with advanced schistosomiasis and its influencing factors, so as to provide the evidence for improving psychological interventions.
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[Treatment of calcaneal fractures by fixation of Kirschner needle and thread cancellous bone screw through sinus tarsi interstice].
Zhongguo Gu Shang
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2014
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To explore the effect of fixation of Kirschner needle and thread cancellous bone screw through the sinus tarsi interstice for the treatment of calcaneal fractures.
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[Comparision of contents of anthraquinones and phenolic acids compounds in different processed products from Rheum officinale by principal component analysis].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-11-2014
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The aim of this study is to compare the contents of five types of anthraquinones which mainly includes chrysophanol, physcion, emodin, rhein and physcion and phenolic acids in ten different processed products from Rheum officinale, and to investigate the effect of different initial processing method on the contents of anthraquinones and phenolic acids. Principal component analysis (PCA) was carried out by SPSS software to evaluate the quality of different processed products from Rh. officinale. In conclusion, the contents of anthraquinones in different processed products from Rh. officinale assume the certain regularity. Whether fresh-cut Rheum officinale Bail and how to dry it are derectly effect the contents of anthraquinones and phenolic compounds. The content of anthraquinones in rheum officinale of drying is obviously higher than smudging, and was more abundant in branch root than tap roots. Rh. officinale of drying which growed in Fengjie gained the highest score in PCA. Meanwhile, the procedure of wetting also help to increase the content of anthraquinones and decrease the content of phenolic acids.
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A recessive variant of XRCC4 predisposes to non- BRCA1/2 breast cancer in chinese women and impairs the DNA damage response via dysregulated nuclear localization.
Oncotarget
PUBLISHED: 09-07-2014
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XRCC4 plays a crucial role in the non-homologous end joining pathway that maintains genome stability. In this two-stage case-control study with 1,764 non-BRCA1/2 breast cancer patients and 1,623 cancer-free controls, we investigated the contribution of genetic variants of XRCC4 to breast cancer susceptibility in Chinese women. We identified a recessive missense variant, rs3734091 (c.739G>T, p.Ala247Ser), of XRCC4 that was significantly associated with an increased risk of breast cancer (odds ratio [OR] = 3.92, P = 0.007), particularly with the risk of developing triple-negative breast cancer (OR = 18.65, P < 0.0001). This p.Ala247Ser variant disturbed the nuclear localization of XRCC4 in cells homozygous for the rs3734091-T allele but not in heterozygous cells at both the cellular and tissue levels. In heterozygous cells, wild-type XRCC4 facilitated the nuclear localization of the XRCC4A247S mutant, thus compensating for the impaired localization of XRCC4A247S. This provided a biological mechanism by which rs3734091 conferred an increased susceptibility to non-BRCA1/2 breast cancer exclusively under a recessive model. Further functional analyses revealed that p.Ala247Ser impaired the DNA damage repair capacity and ultimately perturbed genomic stability. Taken together, our findings document the role of XRCC4 in non-BRCA1/2 breast cancer predisposition and reveal its underlying biological mechanism of action.
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Efficacy and safety of transdermal fentanyl for the treatment of oral mucositis pain caused by chemoradiotherapy in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
Support Care Cancer
PUBLISHED: 09-02-2014
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Oral mucositis is one of the most painful side effects found in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients treated with chemoradiotherapy. The transdermal route of administration is worthy of investigation for patients who suffer from dysphagia due to severe oral mucositis. In this phase 2 study, we investigated the efficacy and safety of transdermal fentanyl (TDF) for mucositis pain caused by chemoradiotherapy in ESCC patients.
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[Pharmacognostical study on cultivated Fritillaria taipaiensis].
Zhong Yao Cai
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2014
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To study on the pharmacognostical characteristics of cultivated Fritillaria taipaiensis for providing basis for further development and research.
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Different Patterns in the Prognostic Value of Age for Breast Cancer-Specific Mortality Depending on Hormone Receptor Status: A SEER Population-Based Analysis.
Ann. Surg. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2014
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Few studies have been undertaken to evaluate the prognostic value of age at diagnosis for determining breast cancer survival in a large population.
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Hydrothermal synthesis of core-shell structured TbPO4:Ce(3+)@TbPO4:Gd(3+) nanocomposites for magnetic resonance and optical imaging.
Dalton Trans
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2014
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Multi-modal imaging based on multifunctional nanoparticles provides deep, non-invasive and highly sensitive imaging and is a promising alternative approach that can improve the sensitivity of early cancer diagnosis. In this study, two nanoparticles, TbPO4:Ce(3+) and TbPO4:Ce(3+)@TbPO4:Gd(3+), were synthesized via the citric-acid-mediated hydrothermal route, and then systematically characterized by means of microstructure, photoluminescence, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), biocompatibility, and bioimaging. The results of energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) line scans indicated that TbPO4:Gd(3+) nanoshells about 5 nm in thickness were successfully coated on the TbPO4:Ce(3+) nanocores. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transforms of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images indicated that the core-shell nanocomposites had a single crystal structure. The photoluminescence of the TbPO4:Ce(3+)@TbPO4:Gd(3+) and TbPO4:Ce(3+) nanoparticles was greatly intensified by 200 times and 100 times, respectively, compared with pure TbPO4 nanoparticles. In vitro cytotoxicity tests based on the methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay demonstrated that the monodispersed nanoparticles of TbPO4:Ce(3+)@TbPO4:Gd(3+) had low toxicity. The intracellular luminescence of the nanoparticles after being internalized by HeLa cells was also observed using confocal fluorescence microscopes. MRI showed that the nanoshells of Gd-doped TbPO4 possessed a longitudinal relaxivity of 4.067 s(-1) mM(-1), which is comparable to that of the commercial MRI contrast Gd-TDPA. As a result, the core-shell structured TbPO4:Ce(3+)@TbPO4:Gd(3+) nanoparticles can potentially serve as multifunctional nanoprobes for both optical biolabels and MRI contrast agents.
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Thiamethoxam resistance selected in the western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae): cross-resistance patterns, possible biochemical mechanisms and fitness costs analysis.
Pestic Biochem Physiol
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2014
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The western flower thrips (WFT) Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), an important pest of various crops in the world, has invaded China since 2003. To understand the risks and to determine possible mechanisms of resistance to thiamethoxam in WFT, a resistant strain was selected under the laboratory conditions. Cross-resistance and the possible biochemical resistance mechanisms were investigated in this study. A 15.1-fold thiamethoxam-resistant WFT strain (TH-R) was established after selection for 55 generations. Compared with the susceptible strain (TH-S), the selected TH-R strain showed extremely high level cross-resistance to imidaclothiz (392.1-fold) and low level cross-resistance to dinotefuran (5.7-fold), acetamiprid (2.9-fold) and emamectin benzoate (2.1-fold), respectively. No cross-resistance to other fourteen insecticides was detected. Synergism tests showed that piperonyl butoxide (PBO) and triphenyl phosphate (TPP) produced a high synergism of thiamethoxam effects in the TH-R strain (2.6- and 2.6-fold respectively). However, diethyl maleate (DEM) did not act synergistically with thiamethoxam. Biochemical assays showed that mixed function oxidase (MFO) activities and carboxylesterase (CarE) activity of the TH-R strain were 2.8- and 1.5-fold higher than that of the TH-S strain, respectively. When compared with the TH-S strain, the TH-R strain had a relative fitness of 0.64. The results show that WFT develops resistance to thiamethoxam after continuous application and thiamethoxam resistance had considerable fitness costs in the WFT. It appears that enhanced metabolism mediated by cytochrome P450 monooxygenases and CarE was a major mechanism for thiamethoxam resistance in the WFT. The use of cross-resistance insecticides, including imidaclothiz and dinotefuran, should be avoided for sustainable resistance management.
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Evaluation of breast cancer chemotherapy efficacy with multifractal spectrum analysis of magnetic resonance image.
Biomed Mater Eng
PUBLISHED: 06-24-2014
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Multifractal spectrum analysis of dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) breast MR images was used to establish a new quantitative analysis method for solid tumor blood perfusion and to explore its applicability in evaluating efficacy of breast cancer chemotherapy. Five randomly selected patients suffering from newly diagnosed malignant breast nodule lesions were enrolled in this study, and four of them were treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Their DCE breast MR images were collected before and after treatment. Chemotherapeutic efficacy was analyzed using international response evaluation criteria for solid tumors (RECIST). Sandbox method for statistical number density was employed to measure and calculate multifractal spectra of DCE breast MR images with spatiotemporal characteristics. Multifractal spectral data of malignant lesions before and after chemotherapy were compared. Multifractal spectra of malignant lesions show an asymmetric bell-shape. Chemotherapy efficacy was assessed to be partial remission (PR) for three patients and their multifractal spectral width significantly increased after chemotherapy while to be stable disease (SD) for other patient and of her changed slightly. Multifractal spectral width correlates with blood-supply condition of tumor lesion before and after chemotherapy, providing a potential suitable characteristic parameter for evaluating chemotherapeutic efficacy quantitatively.
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Favorable prognostic impact in loss of TP53 and PIK3CA mutations after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer.
Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 06-12-2014
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We investigated the loss of somatic mutations in TP53 and PIK3CA in breast cancer tissue after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) and the clinical relevance of the observed mutation profiles. Samples were derived from three cohorts: Cohort 1 consisting of 206 patients undergoing NCT with matched pre- and postchemotherapy tumor tissues; Cohort 2 consisting of 158 additional patients undergoing NCT; and Cohort 3, consisting of 81 patients undergoing chemotherapy with prechemotherapy tumor tissues. In the first cohort, somatic mutations in TP53 or PIK3CA were identified in 24.8% of the pre-NCT tumor samples but in only 12.1% of the post-NCT tumor samples (P < 0.001). Patients with initial TP53 and PIK3CA mutations who became negative for the mutations after NCT had a higher Miller-Payne score (P = 0.008), improved disease-free survival, and improved overall survival than those with no change or the opposite change. The association of loss of mutations in TP53 and PIK3CA and improved survival was successfully validated in the second cohort. In addition, 28.4% of the tumors showed intratumoral heterogeneity of somatic mutations in TP53 or PIK3CA, whereas 71.6% were homogeneous, either with or without the mutations. Our data reveal the novel concept that chemotherapy may reduce mutation frequency in patients with breast cancer. Furthermore, the loss of somatic mutations in TP53 and PIK3CA may be translated to biomarkers for prognosis via further verification, which may optimize the choice of sequential therapy and improve patient survival.
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Absence of multiple atypical chemokine binders (ACBs) and the presence of VEGF and MMP-9 predict axillary lymph node metastasis in early breast carcinomas.
Med. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 06-08-2014
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The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of axillary lymph node (ALN) metastasis of early breast cancers by evaluating the status of DARC, D6 and CCX-CKR and the levels of VEGF and MMP-9. The status of DARC, D6 and CCX-CKR and the levels VEGF and MMP-9 were evaluated in ALN- (n = 130) and ALN + (n = 88) patients with T1 breast cancer by immunohistochemical staining. For ALN, likelihood ratio ? (2)-tests were used for univariate analysis and logistic regression for multivariate analysis. Univariate analysis identified the nuclear grade, VEGF and MMP-9 expression and absence of DARC, D6 and CCX-CKR as predictors of ALN involvement. When combining the three receptors (DARC, D6 and CCX-CKR) together, tumors with multiple absence (multi-absence, any two or three loss) had a higher likelihood of being ALN positive than non-multi-absence (coexpression of any two or three) tumors (56.2 vs. 27.9 %, P < 0.001). The final multivariate logistic regression revealed nuclear grade, VEGF, MMP-9 and non-multi-absence versus multi-absence to be independent predictors of ALN involvement; the odds ratio (OR) and 95 % CI for non-multi-absence tumors versus multi-absence were 0.469 (0.233-0.943). Multi-absence was also associated with the involvement of four or more lymph nodes among ALN + tumors. Moreover, tumors with multi-absence had higher VEGF (78.1 vs. 50.0 %, P < 0.001) and MMP-9 (81.3 vs. 36.1 %, P < 0.001) expression than non-multi-absence tumors. Our data highlight that the absence of DARC, D6 and CCX-CKR in combination, which is associated with higher VEGF and MMP-9 expression, predicts the presence and extent of ALN metastasis in breast cancer.
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Breast cancer in China.
Lancet Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2014
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The health burden of cancer is increasing in China, with more than 1·6 million people being diagnosed and 1·2 million people dying of the disease each year. As in most other countries, breast cancer is now the most common cancer in Chinese women; cases in China account for 12·2% of all newly diagnosed breast cancers and 9·6% of all deaths from breast cancer worldwide. China's proportional contribution to global rates is increasing rapidly because of the population's rising socioeconomic status and unique reproductive patterns. In this Review we present an overview of present control measures for breast cancer across China, and emphasise epidemiological and socioeconomic diversities and disparities in access to care for various subpopulations. We describe demographic differences between China and high-income countries, and also within geographical and socioeconomic regions of China. These disparities between China and high-income countries include younger age at onset of breast cancer; the unique one-child policy; lower rates of provision and uptake for screening for breast cancer; delays in diagnosis that result in more advanced stage of disease at presentation; inadequate resources; and a lack of awareness about breast cancer in the Chinese population. Finally, we recommend key measures that could contribute to improved health outcomes for patients with breast cancer in China.
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Synovial sarcoma of the infratemporal fossa: A case report.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2014
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Synovial sarcomas (SS) are high-grade soft-tissue sarcomas, predominantly found in the deep soft tissues of the lower extremities, with only 3-5% occurring in the head and neck region. Primary SS of the infratemporal fossa (ITF) is exceptionally uncommon. The present study reports the case of a 23-year-old female with an SS arising in the ITF. To the best of our knowledge, this case is only the second patient with intracranial involvement recorded in the literature. The patient was treated primarily with surgery, followed by a total of 60 Gy adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy, consisting of cisplatin (25 mg/m(2) intravenously on days one to three), epirubicin (25 mg/m(2) intravenously on days one and two) and ifosfamide (1.8 g/m(2) intravenously on days one to five) for three cycles. At present, two years after this multimodal therapy, the patient exhibits no signs of loco-regional recurrence or distant metastases. This study highlights the importance of a multidisciplinary approach in the diagnosis and treatment of this extremely rare entity with intracranial extension. In addition, the study reviews the English literature with regard to SS of ITF and discusses the clinicopathological features, management and outcome.
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Asymmetric catalytic conjugate addition of acetaldehyde to nitrodienynes/nitroenynes: applications to the syntheses of (+)-?-lycorane and chiral ?-alkynyl acids.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 05-08-2014
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The catalytic enantioselective conjugate addition of acetaldehyde to polyconjugated substrates, nitrodienynes and nitroenynes, has been accomplished using organocatalysis. Various functionalized 1,3-enynes and propargylic compounds were obtained in moderate to good yields with high enantioselectivity. The synthetic utilities of the conjugate addition reactions have been highlighted in the concise total synthesis of (+)-?-lycorane and the metal-free synthesis of chiral ?-alkynyl acids.
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Elevated expression of girdin in the nucleus indicates worse prognosis for patients with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer.
Ann. Surg. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 05-03-2014
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Girdin was identified as a novel Akt substrate that contributes to a positive feedback loop between Girdin and Akt. Although several recent studies have demonstrated that Girdin is involved in tumor metastasis, the clinical implications of Girdin in breast cancer remain unclear.
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The scaling and shift of morphogen gene expression boundary in a nonlinear reaction diffusion system.
Bull. Math. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 04-16-2014
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The scaling and shift of the gene expression boundary in a developing embryo are two key problems with regard to morphogen gradient formation in developmental biology. In this study, a bigradient model was applied to a nonlinear reaction diffusion system (NRDS) to investigate the location of morphogen gene expression boundary. In contrast to the traditional synthesis-diffusion-degradation model, the introduction of NRDS in this study contributes to the precise gene expression boundary at arbitrary location along the anterior-posterior axis other than simply midembryo even when the linear characteristic lengths of two morphogens are equal. The scaling location depends on the ratio of two morphogen influxes (w) and concentrations (r) as well as the nonlinear reaction diffusion parameters (a, n). We also formulate a direct relationship between the shift in the gene expression boundary and the influx of morphogen and find that enhancing the morphogen influx is helpful to build up a robust gene expression boundary. By analyzing the robustness of the morphogen gene expression boundary and comparing with the relevant results in linear reaction diffusion system, we determine the precise range of the ratio of the two morphogen influxes with a lower shift in the morphogen gene expression boundary and increased system robustness.
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Biodegradable and thermosensitive monomethoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactic acid) hydrogel as a barrier for prevention of post-operative abdominal adhesion.
J Biomed Nanotechnol
PUBLISHED: 04-16-2014
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Post-operative peritoneal adhesions are serious consequences of abdominal or pelvic surgery and cause severe bowel obstruction, chronic pelvic pain and infertility. In this study, a novel nano-hydrogel system based on a monomethoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactic acid) (MPEG-PLA) di-block copolymer was studied for its ability to prevent abdominal adhesion in rats. The MPEG-PLA hydrogel at a concentration of 40% (w/v) was injected and was able to adhere to defect sites at body temperature. The ability of the hydrogel to inhibit adhesion of post-operative tissues was evaluated by utilizing a rat model of abdominal sidewall-cecum abrasion. It was possible to heal wounded tissue through regeneration of neo-peritoneal tissues ten days after surgery. Our data showed that this hydrogel system is equally as effective as current commercialized anti-adhesive products.
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Clinical and Pathological Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Based on Primary Tumor Reduction is Correlated to Survival in Hormone Receptor-Positive but not Hormone Receptor-Negative Locally Advanced Breast Cancer.
Ann. Surg. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2014
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This study was designed to examine the relationship between different methodologies for response evaluation and long-term survival estimation in patients underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) for breast cancer.
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Enriched variations in TEKT4 and breast cancer resistance to paclitaxel.
Nat Commun
PUBLISHED: 04-03-2014
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Among chemotherapeutic agents, paclitaxel has shown great efficacy against breast cancer. Prediction of paclitaxel response may improve patient outcomes. Here we show, using exome sequencing, that in comparison with pre-treatment biopsies, two TEKT4 germline variations are enriched in post-treatment tumours. We find TEKT4 variations in ~ 10% of an independent cohort of 84 pairs of samples. Tektin4 (encoded by TEKT4) associates closely with tubulin in doublet microtubules and helps stabilize these structures. These two TEKT4 germline variations in a high cis linkage are biologically relevant, as the ectopic expression of variant TEKT4 deregulates the microtubule stability, antagonizes the paclitaxel-induced stabilizing effect of microtubules and increases paclitaxel resistance. Furthermore, TEKT4 germline variations are associated with reduced disease-free survival and overall survival compared with wild-type TEKT4 in patients undergoing paclitaxel-based chemotherapy. Taken together, we reveal a potential mechanism of resistance to paclitaxel through the acquisition of germline variations in breast cancer.
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Inhibition of autophagy enhances the cytotoxic effect of PA-MSHA in breast cancer.
BMC Cancer
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2014
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PA-MSHA, a genetically engineered Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) strain, is currently under investigation as a new anti-cancer drug. It can induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in different human cancer cells, including hormone receptor negative breast cancer cells. However, the underlying mechanism of tumor lethality mediated by PA-MSHA remains to be fully investigated.
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Catalytic enantioselective and divergent total synthesis of (+)-10-oxocylindrocarpidine, (+)-cylindrocarpidine, (-)-N-acetylcylindrocarpinol, and (+)-aspidospermine.
J. Org. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2014
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The catalytic enantioselective and divergent total syntheses of Aspidosperma alkaloids (+)-10-oxocylindrocarpidine 7, (+)-cylindrocarpidine 1, (-)-N-acetylcylindrocarpinol 6, and (+)-aspidospermine 8 have been accomplished in 11 steps from a common precursor (15) on the basis of a highly concise route. The route features three metal-catalyzed reactions, including the key Pd-catalyzed decarboxylative asymmetric allylation of carbazolones developed in our laboratory. Our syntheses, using a combination of C-H activation, enantioselective catalysis, and collective synthesis, represent the first total synthesis of 10-oxocylindrocarpidine and the first asymmetric total synthesis of cylindrocarpidine and N-acetylcylindrocarpinol.
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Marsupialization is the optimal treatment approach for keratocystic odontogenic tumour.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg
PUBLISHED: 02-22-2014
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Previous published studies fail to present any consensus on a uniform treatment protocol for keratocystic odontogenic tumour (KCOT). Optimal management for KCOT was investigated by comparing the treatment outcome of marsupialization to the enucleation and radical resection. An online electronic databases search was carried out through the PubMed, Embase and Web of Science. The statistical analysis was performed by RevMan version 5.2. Fourteen eligible studies were identified for analysis. Fourteen studies evaluated included 938 patients, of which 853 underwent enucleation alone or plus adjunctive therapy, 110 underwent marsupialization with or without secondary adjunctive therapy, and 86 underwent radical resection alone. The marsupialization was significantly associated with lower recurrence compared to enucleation and resection in KCOT treatment (RR = 0.56, 95% CI 0.4-0.78, P = 0.0006 and RR = 0.32, 95% CI 0.15-0.69, P = 0.004, respectively). The results suggest that the marsupialization reduce the recurrence of KCOT better than enucleation and surgical resection and it may be the optimal approach for KCOT treatment.
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The endoplasmic reticulum stress markers GRP78 and CHOP predict disease-free survival and responsiveness to chemotherapy in breast cancer.
Breast Cancer Res. Treat.
PUBLISHED: 02-19-2014
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Glucose-regulated protein (GRP) 78 and C/-EBP homologous protein (CHOP) are commonly used as markers of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. As an ER chaperone, GRP78 functions as a potent anti-apoptotic factor and confers drug resistance, whereas CHOP is a key initiating factor of ER stress-related cell death. We aimed at investigating the predictive values of GRP78 and CHOP in breast cancer patients who underwent adjuvant chemotherapy. An immunohistochemistry screen for GRP78 and CHOP was performed using a tissue microarray containing 250 tumors from female patients diagnosed with invasive ductal breast carcinoma at the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center. The staining results were scored semi-quantitatively, and a prediction model was constructed to verify the hypothesis. In this retrospective cohort study, CHOP correlated with prolonged disease-free survival (HR = 0.385, 95 % CI 0.215-0.688; P = 0.001), whereas GRP78 showed an opposite association (HR = 4.573; 95 % CI 2.291-9.128; P < 0.001). Moreover, in a GRP78-positive subset, CHOP overexpression correlated with a lower risk of recurrence. In the receiver operating characteristic analysis, the prediction capability of the predictive model combining the above two markers surpassed that of the traditional model (P = 0.0085 for the area under the curve comparison). Within the anthracycline-treatment subgroup, the combined GRP78 and CHOP exhibited similar predictive significance. Cumulatively, our findings suggest a tight association between ER stress markers and clinical outcomes for patients with breast cancer.
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GATA3 mutations define a unique subtype of luminal-like breast cancer with improved survival.
Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2014
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The GATA3 gene (GATA-binding protein 3) is one of the most frequently mutated genes in breast cancer. The objective of the current study was to determine the clinicopathologic characteristics of patients with breast cancer harboring GATA3 mutations.
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Treatment outcome and prognostic factors of head and neck hemangiopericytoma: A meta-analysis.
Head Neck
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2014
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Background. Head and Neck hemangiopericytoma (HNHPC) is rare. Treatment outcome and specific prognostic factors were unexplored. Method. A case-meta-analysis, in which treatment and outcome data were available, was performed. Results. A total of 116 primary HNHPC cases were analyzed. Poor pathologic differentiation was associated with increased risk of tumor recurrence (OR=2.378, P=0.005), metastasis (OR=3.634, P=0.011) and mortality (OR=4.563, P=0.002), while surgery with decreased risk of tumor recurrence (OR=0.109, P=0.004). The tumor size >5.0cm in diameter (HR=6.391, P=0.002), non-surgical treatment (HR=7.648, P=0.000), and poor pathologic differentiation (HR=1.705, P=0.012) were the independent unfavorable prognostic factors for disease free survival. Moreover, non-surgical treatment (HR=8.097, P=0.002) and deep tumor location (HR=4.074, P=0.013) were independent adverse prognostic factors for overall survival. Conclusions. These results suggest a management emphasizing the surgical removal of the tumor as ?rst-line treatment. Tumor size >5.0cm, poor pathologic differentiation, deep tumor location and non-surgical treatment were independent adverse prognostic factors. Head Neck, 2014.
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An Elevated Peripheral Blood Lymphocyte-to-Monocyte Ratio Predicts Favorable Response and Prognosis in Locally Advanced Breast Cancer following Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) is a standard treatment option for locally advanced breast cancer. However, the lack of an efficient method to predict treatment response and patient prognosis hampers the clinical evaluation of patient eligibility for NCT. An elevated lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) has been reported to be associated with a favorable prognosis for certain hematologic malignancies and for nasopharyngeal carcinoma; however, this association has not been investigated in breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether pre-NCT LMR analysis could predict the prognosis of patients with locally advanced breast cancer.
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Prognostic value of myeloid differentiation primary response 88 and toll-like receptor 4 in breast cancer patients.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Breast cancer remains a major cause of death in women worldwide, and tumor metastasis is the leading cause of death in breast cancer patients after conventional treatment. Chronic inflammation is often related to the occurrence and growth of various malignancies. This study evaluated the prognosis of breast cancer patients based on contributors to the innate immune response: myeloid differentiation primary response 88 (MyD88) and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4).
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Clinico-pathological features and prognosis of invasive micropapillary carcinoma compared to invasive ductal carcinoma: a population-based study from China.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Invasive micropapillary carcinoma (IMPC) of the breast is a rare subtype of breast cancer that is associated with a high incidence of regional lymph node metastases and a poor clinical outcome. However, the clinico-pathological features and prognostic factors of IMPC are not well understood.
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ID2 predicts poor prognosis in breast cancer, especially in triple-negative breast cancer, and inhibits E-cadherin expression.
Onco Targets Ther
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Inhibitors of DNA-binding (ID) proteins are known as important modulators in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation. This study sought to investigate the prognostic value of ID proteins in breast cancer.
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PIK3CA mutations define favorable prognostic biomarkers in operable breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Onco Targets Ther
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Mutations of the p110? catalytic subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PIK3CA) are among the most common genetic aberrations in human breast cancer. At present, controversy exists concerning the prognostic value of the mutations.
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The effect of laterality and primary tumor site on cancer-specific mortality in breast cancer: a SEER population-based study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Reduced overall survival has been observed in patients with left-sided versus right-sided breast cancer due to cardiac toxicity after radiotherapy. However, the effect of laterality and primary tumor site on breast cancer-specific mortality (BCSM) remains unclear.
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A clinicopathological study of early-stage synchronous bilateral breast cancer: a retrospective evaluation and prospective validation of potential risk factors.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The aim of the present study was to investigate potential risk factors for synchronous bilateral breast cancer sBBC).
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Preoperative measurement of breast cancer overestimates tumor size compared to pathological measurement.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Tumor size is one of the most important factors in making clinical and pathological assessment of breast cancer. In the present study, we aimed to determine whether the preoperative measurement of tumor size, by imaging modalities, deviate from the postoperative pathological measurement in breast cancer.
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Enantioselective total synthesis of (-)-limaspermidine and formal synthesis of (-)-1-acetylaspidoalbidine.
J. Org. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 10-29-2013
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Evolution of the synthetic strategy that culminated in the first asymmetric total synthesis of the Aspidosperma alkaloid limaspermidine is described. The successful enantioselective route to (-)-limaspermidine proceeds in 10 steps and with the isolation of only six intermediates using a Pd-catalyzed enantioselective decarboxylative allylation we have recently developed. This first enantioselective synthesis of (-)-limaspermidine establishes unambiguously its absolute configuration and allows the first asymmetric formal total synthesis of the Aspidoalbine alkaloid (-)-1-acetylaspidoalbidine.
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The Residual Tumor Autophagy Marker LC3B Serves as a Prognostic Marker in Local Advanced Breast Cancer after Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy.
Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 10-18-2013
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This study sought to investigate the prognostic value of the autophagy marker microtubule-associated protein chain 3B (LC3B) in patients with residual tumors after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) for locally advanced breast cancer (LABC). Patients and Methods: The expression of LC3B in residual breast cancer cells was assessed by immunohistochemistry in surgical specimens from 229 patients diagnosed with histologically proven invasive breast cancer. All patients underwent NCT followed by mastectomy and were considered nonpathologic complete responders (non-pCR) after a pathologic evaluation. The prognostic value of various clinicopathologic factors was evaluated.
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Efficacy and safety of docetaxel combined with oxaliplatin as a neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen for Chinese triple-negative local advanced breast cancer patients. A prospective, open, and unicentric Phase II clinical trial.
Am. J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 09-10-2013
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To determine the efficacy and toxicity of an oxaliplatin-based regimen as a neoadjuvant chemotherapy setting in triple-negative local advanced breast cancer (TNLABC) patients.
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[In vivo labeling of rat neural progenitor cells in subventricular zone with superparamagnetic iron oxide for tracking of magnetic resonance imaging].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-18-2013
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To explore the feasibility of in vivo labeling of adult rat neural progenitor cells (NPCs) in subventricular zone (SVZ) with superparamagnetic iron oxide particles (SPIOs) for tracking of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
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Three new xanthones from the resin of Garcinia hanburyi.
Planta Med.
PUBLISHED: 05-13-2013
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Three new xanthones, 22,23-dihydroxydihydrogambogenic acid (1), 12-hydroxygambogefic acid A (2), and hanburixanthone (3), along with thirteen known compounds were isolated from the resin of Garcinia hanburyi. The structures of the new compounds were determined by detailed analysis of 1D and 2D NMR spectra and by comparison with related model compounds. All compounds were tested for their cytotoxicities against A549, HCT116, and MDA-MB-231, and most of them showed significant effects on the cell lines.
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Association between delayed initiation of adjuvant CMF or anthracycline-based chemotherapy and survival in breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
BMC Cancer
PUBLISHED: 05-11-2013
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Adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) improves survival among patients with operable breast cancer. However, the effect of delay in AC initiation on survival is unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the relationship between time to AC and survival outcomes.
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Weekly paclitaxel/carboplatin/trastuzumab therapy improves pathologic complete remission in aggressive HER2-positive breast cancers, especially in luminal-B subtype, compared with a once-every-3-weeks schedule.
Oncologist
PUBLISHED: 05-01-2013
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The efficacy and tolerability of two different schedules of paclitaxel, carboplatin, and trastuzumab (PCarH) for HER2-positive, locally aggressive (stage IIB-IIIC) breast cancers were evaluated in this phase II trial.
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Acceleration of dermal wound healing by using electrospun curcumin-loaded poly(?-caprolactone)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(?-caprolactone) fibrous mats.
J. Biomed. Mater. Res. Part B Appl. Biomater.
PUBLISHED: 04-15-2013
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This study prepared a composite scaffold composed of curcumin and poly(?-caprolactone)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(?-caprolactone) (PCL-PEG-PCL, PCEC) copolymer using coelectrospinning technology. Incorporation of curcumin into the polymeric matrix had an obvious effect on the morphology and dimension of PCEC/curcumin fibers. The results of in vitro anti-oxidant tests and of the cytotoxicity assay demonstrated that the curcumin-loaded PCEC fibrous mats had significant anti-oxidant efficacy and low cytotoxicity. Curcumin could be sustainably released from the fibrous scaffolds. More importantly, in vivo efficacy in enhancing wound repair was also investigated based on a full-thickness dermal defect model for Wistar rats. The results indicated that the PCEC/curcumin fibrous mats had a significant advantage in promoting wound healing. At 21 days post-operation, the dermal defect was basically recovered to its normal condition. A percentage of wound closure reached up to 93.3?±?5.6% compared with 76.9?±?4.9% of the untreated control (p?
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Clinicopathologic characteristics at diagnosis and the survival of patients with medullary breast carcinoma in China: a comparison with infiltrating ductal carcinoma-not otherwise specified.
World J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2013
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Few studies have addressed the biological features of medullary breast carcinoma (MBC) in the context of clinical outcomes. We sought to compare the baseline demographics, standard pathologic factors and long-term clinical outcomes between MBC and infiltrating ductal carcinoma-not otherwise specified (IDC-NOS) using a large database.
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Lymph Node Counts and Ratio in Axillary Dissections Following Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer: A Better Alternative to Traditional pN Staging.
Ann. Surg. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 04-05-2013
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Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) for breast cancer might change the number of involved and detected nodes in axillary lymph node dissections (ALND). In this study, we analyzed whether the number of dissected nodes and the lymph node ratio (LNR, defined as the proportion of involved nodes in dissected nodes) would have a better prognostic value than traditional pN staging.
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Identification of prognosis-relevant subgroups in patients with chemoresistant triple-negative breast cancer.
Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 04-02-2013
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Patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and residual disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy generally have worse outcome; however, some patients with residual tumor after neoadjuvant chemotherapy do not relapse. We hypothesize that there are subgroups of patients with chemoresistant TNBC with different prognosis.
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Three of four GlnR binding sites are essential for GlnR-mediated activation of transcription of the Amycolatopsis mediterranei nas operon.
J. Bacteriol.
PUBLISHED: 03-29-2013
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In Amycolatopsis mediterranei U32, genes responsible for nitrate assimilation formed one operon, nasACKBDEF, whose transcription is induced by the addition of nitrate. Here, we characterized GlnR as a direct transcriptional activator for the nas operon. The GlnR-protected DNA sequences in the promoter region of the nas operon were characterized by DNase I footprinting assay, the previously deduced Streptomyces coelicolor double 22-bp GlnR binding consensus sequences comprising a1, b1, a2, and b2 sites were identified, and the sites were then mutated individually to test their roles in both the binding of GlnR in vitro and the GlnR-mediated transcriptional activation in vivo. The results clearly showed that only three GlnR binding sites (a1, b1, and b2 sites) were required by GlnR for its specific binding to the nas promoter region and efficient activation of the transcription of the nas operon in U32, while the a2 site seemed unnecessary.
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In vitro and in vivo degradation behavior of n-HA/PCL-Pluronic-PCL polyurethane composites.
J Biomed Mater Res A
PUBLISHED: 03-05-2013
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Scaffolds for bone tissue engineering applications should have suitable degradability in favor of new bone ingrowth after implantation into bone defects. In this study, degradation behavior of polyurethane composites composed of triblock copolymer poly(caprolactone)-poluronic-poly(caprolactone) (PCL-Pluronic-PCL, PCFC) and nanohydroxyapatite (n-HA) was investigated. The water contact angle and water absorption were measured to reveal the effect of n-HA content on the surface wettability and swelling behavior of the n-HA/PCFC composites, respectively. The weight loss in three degradation media with pH value of 4.0, 7.4, and 9.18 was also studied accordingly. Fourier transform infrared analysis, differential scanning calorimeter, X-ray diffraction, thermal-gravimetric analysis, and scanning electron microscopy were used to investigate the change of chemical structure and micromorphology after the n-HA/PCFC composite with 30% HA was degraded for different time intervals. Meanwhile, in vivo degradation was conducted by subcutaneous implantation. The weight loss and morphology change during observation periods were also studied. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 102A: 479-486, 2014.
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Is breast cancer in young Asian women more aggressive than in Caucasians? A cross-sectional analysis.
Tumour Biol.
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2013
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Ethnic differences in breast cancer are well described in studies comparing Hispanic and African-American populations to Caucasian populations. The aim of this study was to analyze the biological characteristics of breast cancer (BC) in the young Asian/Han Chinese population compared to Caucasians/Central Europeans. Histopathologies of 642 invasive BC in women at the age of 40 years and younger were analyzed in China and Austria. Pearsons chi-squared test was used to assess differences in the analyzed populations. Significantly larger BC >2 cm (p < 0.0001) and poorly differentiated BC (p = 0.02) as well as more triple-negative BC (p = 0.002) were identified among the Han Chinese group compared to the Central European group. This analysis will provide ethnic-specific insight into the biological characteristics of BC in young patients worldwide.
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Ratchet effect and amplitude dependence of phase locking in a two-dimensional Frenkel-Kontorova model.
J Chem Phys
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2013
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We demonstrate the ratchet and phase locking effects in a two-dimensional overdamped Frenkel-Kontorova model with a square symmetric periodic substrate when both a longitudinal dc drive and a circular ac drive are applied. Besides the harmonic steps, the large half integer steps can also clearly be seen in the longitudinal (x) direction. These half integer steps are directly correlated to the appearance of positive and negative ratchet effects in the transverse (y) direction due to the symmetry breaking in the combination of the dc and ac drives. The angle between the net displacement and the longitudinal direction is analytically obtained in a single period of the ac drive. In the examination of the amplitude dependence of the ac drive, the maxima decrease monotonically with the amplitude, while the anomalies occur for the critical depinning force and the harmonic steps due to the spatial symmetry breaking of orbits in the presence of the ac drive.
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MicroRNA-200a promotes anoikis resistance and metastasis by targeting YAP1 in human breast cancer.
Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2013
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The process of metastases involves the dissociation of cells from the primary tumor, penetration into the basement membrane, invasion, and exiting from the vasculature to seed and colonize distant tissues. miR-200a is involved in this multistep metastatic cascade. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that miR-200a promotes metastasis through increased anoikis resistance in breast cancer.
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A pri-miR-218 variant and risk of cervical carcinoma in Chinese women.
BMC Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2013
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MicroRNA (miRNA)-related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may compromise miRNA binding affinity and modify mRNA expression levels of the target genes, thus leading to cancer susceptibility. However, few studies have investigated roles of miRNA-related SNPs in the etiology of cervical carcinoma.
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Functional variants in TNFAIP8 associated with cervical cancer susceptibility and clinical outcomes.
Carcinogenesis
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2013
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Tumor necrosis factor-?-induced protein 8 (TNFAIP8) is an anti apoptotic and pro-oncogenic signaling molecule involved in the process of immunity, carcinogenesis and tumor progression. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at microRNA-binding sites may change messenger RNA target gene function, thus leading to cancer susceptibility and tumor progression. In this study of 1584 cervical cancer cases and 1394 cancer-free female controls, we investigated associations between three potentially functional SNPs in TNFAIP8 family genes and cervical cancer risk as well as platinum resistance and clinical outcomes in Eastern Chinese women. We found that the TNFAIP8-rs11064 variant GG genotype was associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer compared with AA/AG genotypes (adjusted odds ratio = 2.16, 95% confidence interval = 1.16-4.03, P = 0.015). Further in vitro and ex vivo functional experiments demonstrated that the TNFAIP8-rs11064 variant G allele weakened the binding affinity of miR-22 to the TNFAIP8 3-untranslated region (UTR) in four cancer cell lines, resulting in increased production of the TNFAIP8 protein in the patients cervical tissues. In the survival subset, the high TNFAIP8 protein expression was significantly associated with both resistance to cisplatin and nedaplatin, recurrence and death from cervical cancer. Taken together, in the absence of information on human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, the TNFAIP8-rs11064 SNP may function by affecting the affinity of miR-22 binding to the 3-UTR of TNFAIP8 and regulating TNFAIP8 expression, thus contributing to cervical cancer risk. Additionally, the increased TNFAIP8 protein expression may predict platinum resistance and clinical outcomes in cervical cancer patients. Larger, prospective studies with detailed HPV infection data are warranted to validate our findings.
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Immediate postmastectomy breast reconstruction showed limited advantage in patient survival after stratifying by family income.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Postmastectomy breast reconstruction is widely used in breast cancer patients for its aesthetic effect. Although several studies have casted suspicion upon the oncological safety of immediate breast reconstruction after mastectomy, the potential impact of different reconstruction methods on patient survival remains unclear.
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Effect of Genetic Variants in Two Chemokine Decoy Receptor Genes, DARC and CCBP2, on Metastatic Potential of Breast Cancer.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The inhibitory effect of two chemokine decoy receptors (CDRs), DARC and D6, on breast cancer metastasis is mainly due to their ability to sequester pro-malignant chemokines. We hypothesized that genetic variants in the DARC and CCBP2 (encoding D6) genes may be associated with breast cancer progression. In the present study, we evaluated the genetic contributions of DARC and CCBP2 to metastatic potential, indicated by lymph node metastasis (LNM). Ten single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (potentially functional SNPs and block-based tagging SNPs) in DARC and CCBP2 were genotyped in 785 breast cancer patients who had negative lymph nodes and 678 patients with positive lymph nodes. Two non-synonymous SNPs, rs12075 (G42D) in DARC and rs2228468 (S373Y) in CCBP2, were observed to be associated with LNM in univariate analysis and remained significant after adjustment for conventional clinical risk factors, with odds ratios (ORs) of 0.54 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.37 to 0.79) and 0.78 (95% CI, 0.62 to 0.98), respectively. Additional functional experiments revealed that both of these significant SNPs could affect metastasis of breast cancer in xenograft models by differentially altering the chemokine sequestration ability of their corresponding proteins. Furthermore, heterozygous GD genotype of G42D on human erythrocytes had a significantly stronger chemokine sequestration ability than homozygous GG of G42D ex vivo. Our data suggest that the genetic variants in the CDR genes are probably associated with the varied metastatic potential of breast cancer. The underlying mechanism, though it needs to be further investigated, may be that CDR variants could affect the chemokine sequestration ability of CDR proteins.
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Performance of breast cancer screening methods and modality among Chinese women: a report from a society-based breast screening program (SBSP) in Shanghai.
Springerplus
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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To evaluate the screening performance of individual and combined use of clinical breast examination, ultrasonography and mammography in Chinese women, we conducted a biennial breast cancer screening program among 14,464 women aged 35 to 74 years old who lived in Qibao County, Minhang district of Shanghai, China, between May 2008 and Sept 2012. All participants were submitted to clinical breast examination, and then women with positive results and all women at age of 45-69 years old were preformed breast ultrasonography and mammography. The examination results were compared against pathological findings as the gold standard of reference. A total of 66 women were diagnosed with breast cancer in the two rounds of the screening, yielding an incident rate of 194 per 100,000 person-years. The sensitivity of clinical breast examination, ultrasonography and mammography alone were 61.4%, 53.7% and 67.3%, respectively. While mammography performed better in elder age groups and hormone receptor positive disease groups, ultrasonography had a higher sensitivity in younger age group and did not differ in sensitivity by estrogen receptor or progesterone receptor status. Combined use of the two imaging examinations increased the sensitivity in almost all age groups, but had a higher sensitivity in hormone receptor positive cancers than in those negative. Our results suggest that the Qibao modality is an effective strategy for breast cancer screening among Chinese women, especially for early detection of elder and hormone receptor positive breast cancer.
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Patients with nipple-areola Pagets disease and underlying invasive breast carcinoma have very poor survival: a matched cohort study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Pagets disease (PD) of the breast is a rare disease. The survival rate of PD was reported to depend on the characteristics of the underlying carcinoma. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics and survival rate of PD patients with underlying invasive breast carcinoma (IBC). Fifty-two patients were diagnosed with PD and an associated IBC from 2001 to 2005 in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center. Twenty-four (46.2%) had no clinical manifestation of PD and were diagnosed unexpectedly by a histologic examination. The 52 patients were all recruited in this study as the PD group. They tended to have greater chances of lymph node involvement (53.8% vs. 35.7%), lower hormone receptor expression (34.6% vs. 69.7%), higher human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression (76.9% vs. 21.3%), and worse survival (5-year relapse-free survival (RFS) 52.2% vs. 86.7%, P<0.01; breast cancer-specific overall survival (OS) 62.1% vs. 91.8%, P<0.01) when compared with patients diagnosed with IBC. A matched study was then performed to investigate whether the poor survival of patients in the PD group was due to the unfavorable prognosis of the underlying IBC. One hundred and fifty-six (3?1 ratio of controls to PD patients) patients diagnosed with IBC only were recruited into the matched group. The match was conducted according to four variables: dimension of IBC, lymph node status, hormone receptor status and HER2 status. The 5-year RFS (52.2% vs. 81.4%, P<0.01) and OS (62.1% vs. 85.9%, P<0.01) were both lower for patients in the PD group than those in the matched group. Patients with PD and underlying IBC had poor survival. Their survival was worse than that of patients with IBC of similar stage and characteristics. For patients with no clinical PD manifestation who were histologically diagnosed as PD, survival might be worse compared to patients with clinically diagnosed PD.
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Genetic variants in oxidative stress-related genes predict chemoresistance in primary breast cancer: a prospective observational study and validation.
Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 12-06-2011
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Chemotherapy response in patients with primary breast cancer is difficult to predict and the role of host genetic factors has not been thoroughly investigated. We hypothesized that polymorphisms in oxidative stress (OS)-related genes, including estrogen-quinone metabolizing enzymes NQO2 and GSTM1-5, may influence disease progression and treatment response. In this prospective observational study, nineteen polymorphisms tagging known variations in candidate genes were genotyped and analyzed in 806 patients with primary breast cancer. Three functional polymorphisms, which were shown to affect gene expression levels in experiments in vitro and ex vivo, modified the effect of chemotherapy on disease-free survival. There were significant interactions between chemotherapy and individual polymorphisms or combined genotypes (designated as genetic score). Patients harboring high genetic score had a 75% reduction in the hazard of disease progression compared with patients with low genetic score when no chemotherapy was administered (HR = 0.25, 95% CI: 0.10-0.63, P = 0.005); however, they received much less survival benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy compared with patients with low genetic score when chemotherapy was administered (HR = 4.60 for interaction, 95% CI: 1.63-13.3, P = 0.004). These findings were validated in another population (n = 339). In conclusion, germline polymorphisms in OS-related genes affect chemotherapy sensitivity in breast cancer patients. Although reduced OS levels might prevent breast cancer progression, they probably compromise the effectiveness of adjuvant chemotherapy. Our findings also indicate that host-related factors must be considered for individualized chemotherapy.
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Highly enantioselective one-pot synthesis of spirocyclopentaneoxindoles containing the oxime group by organocatalyzed Michael addition/ISOC/fragmentation sequence.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 11-03-2011
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A highly diastereo- and enantioselective organocatalytic protocol for the synthesis of biologically important spirocyclopentaneoxindoles containing the oxime functional group from easily accessible 3-allyl-substituted oxindoles and nitroolefins has been developed by a one-pot Michael addition/ISOC/fragmentation sequence.
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Catalytic asymmetric construction of spirocyclopentaneoxindoles by a combined Ru-catalyzed cross-metathesis/double Michael addition sequence.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 11-01-2011
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Biologically important and synthetically challenging spirocyclopentaneoxindoles with four contiguous stereocenters including one spiroquaternary stereocenter have been constructed in good yields (72-87%) with excellent diastereoselectivity (16:1?30:1 dr) and enantioselectivity (93?99% ee) by a combined Ru-catalyzed cross-metathesis/organocatalyzed asymmetric double-Michael addition sequence.
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TIEG1 inhibits breast cancer invasion and metastasis by inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) transcription and the EGFR signaling pathway.
Mol. Cell. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2011
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TIEG1 can induce apoptosis of cancer cells, but its role in inhibiting invasion and metastasis has not been reported and is unclear. In this study, we find that decreased TIEG1 expression is associated with increased human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression in breast cancer tissues and cell lines. TIEG1 plays an important role in suppressing transcription of EGFR by directly binding to the EGFR promoter. While overexpression of TIEG1 attenuates EGFR expression, knockdown of TIEG1 stimulates EGFR expression. Furthermore, TIEG1 and HDAC1 form a complex, which binds to Sp1 sites on the EGFR promoter and inhibits its transcription by suppressing histone acetylation. TIEG1 significantly inhibits breast cancer cell invasion, suppresses mammary tumorigenesis in xenografts in mice, and decreases lung metastasis by inhibition of EGFR gene transcription and the EGFR signaling pathway. Therefore, TIEG1 is an antimetastasis gene product; regulation of EGFR expression by TIEG1 may be part of an integral signaling pathway that determines and explains breast cancer invasion and metastasis.
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Adjuvant therapy of breast cancer with pirarubicin versus epirubicin in combination with cyclophosphamide and 5-fluorouracil.
Breast J
PUBLISHED: 09-20-2011
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We performed a retrospective study of 856 breast cancer patients in our hospital, to compare the therapeutic effect of pirarubicin with cyclophosphamide and 5-fluorouracil (CPF) with the standard epirubicin-based regimen (CEF) in adjuvant treatment of breast cancer. Patients were given cyclophosphamide and 5-fluorouracil 500 mg/m(2) each, and either pirarubicin 40 mg/m(2) or epirubicin 75-100 mg/m(2) , every 3 weeks, six cycles. A total of 233 patients used CPF and 623 patients used CEF regimen. The clinical and pathologic characteristics were well balanced between the two groups. The median follow-up time was 41 months, relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were similar in both groups, p = 0.561 and p = 0.783, respectively. No treatment-related congestive heart failure or death was observed in either group. Regardless of chemotherapy regimens, only tumor size, lymph node status, and ER status were predictive factors in multivariate survival analysis. In stratified analysis, the total hazard ratio estimate for RFS was 0.876 (95% CI 0.561-1.369; p = 0.562), not in favor of either regimen, and no significant difference was observed in any subgroups between the two treatment arms. Our study verified that 3 weekly CPF gives the same efficacy and safety as the standard CEF; both CPF and CEF are the effective regimens that can be used in adjuvant chemotherapy of breast cancer.
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In silico synergism and antagonism of an anti-tumour system intervened by coupling immunotherapy and chemotherapy: a mathematical modelling approach.
Bull. Math. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 09-01-2011
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Based on the logistic growth law for a tumour derived from enzymatic dynamics, we address from a physical point of view the phenomena of synergism, additivity and antagonism in an avascular anti-tumour system regulated externally by dual coupling periodic interventions, and propose a theoretical model to simulate the combinational administration of chemotherapy and immunotherapy. The in silico results of our modelling approach reveal that the tumour population density of an anti-tumour system, which is subject to the combinational attack of chemotherapeutical as well as immune intervention, depends on four parameters as below: the therapy intensities D, the coupling intensity I, the coupling coherence R and the phase-shifts ? between two combinational interventions. In relation to the intensity and nature (synergism, additivity and antagonism) of coupling as well as the phase-shift between two therapeutic interventions, the administration sequence of two periodic interventions makes a difference to the curative efficacy of an anti-tumour system. The isobologram established from our model maintains a considerable consistency with that of the well-established Loewe Additivity model (Tallarida, Pharmacology 319(1):1-7, 2006). Our study discloses the general dynamic feature of an anti-tumour system regulated by two periodic coupling interventions, and the results may serve as a supplement to previous models of drug administration in combination and provide a type of heuristic approach for preclinical pharmacokinetic investigation.
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Two new transition metal inorganic-organic hybrid borates: [tris(2-aminoethoxy)trihydroxyhexaborato]cobalt(II) and its nickel(II) analogue.
Acta Crystallogr C
PUBLISHED: 08-26-2011
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The two isomorphous title compounds, [1,5,9-tris(2-aminoethoxy)-3,7,11-trihydroxy-3,7,11-tribora-1,5,9-triborata-2,4,6,8,10,12-hexaoxa-13-oxoniatricyclo[7.3.1.0(5,13)]tridecane]cobalt(II), [Co(C(6)H(21)B(6)N(3)O(13))] or Co{B(6)O(7)(OH)(3)[O(CH(2))(2)NH(2)](3)}, and the Ni(II) analogue, [Ni(C(6)H(21)B(6)N(3)O(13))], each consist of an M(II) cation and an inorganic-organic hybrid {B(6)O(7)(OH)(3)[O(CH(2))(2)NH(2)](3)}(2-) anion. The M(II) cation lies on a crystallographic threefold axis (as does one O atom) and is octahedrally coordinated by three N atoms from the organic component. Three O atoms covalently link the B-O cluster and the organic component. Molecules are connected to one another through N-H···O and O-H···O hydrogen bonds, forming a three-dimensional supramolecular network.
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[Multiple functions-targeted algorithms and potential applications of forest simulation optimization system (FSOS)].
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 08-11-2011
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Forest Simulation and Optimization System (FSOS) model has been widely used in British Columbia of Canada and in Changbai Mountains of China. This model is based on the viewpoint of harmonized and balanced management of forest resources and the application of simulated annealing optimized algorithms in arranging forest management schemes, aimed to realize the sustainable and harmonized development of forest resources multiple objective management and to transform forests to their desired status. The multiple functions (or the multiple objectives) in the FSOS model include water storage and purification, carbon sequestration, wildlife habitat protection, biodiversity conservation, visual landscape quality, and timber production, and the desired forest status is comprehensively defined by experts, environmental organizations, and government policies. This paper introduced in detail the simulated annealing algorithms in FSOS, including solution representation, evaluations, and transitions, and the potential applications of the algorithms in forest ecosystem planning, aimed to provide helps to the planning and management of forest resources and to the governments to quantify, analyze, and manage the forest resources, effectively monitor forest operations, and achieve the sustainable development of forest ecosystem.
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RAD50 and NBS1 are not likely to be susceptibility genes in Chinese non-BRCA1/2 hereditary breast cancer.
Breast Cancer Res. Treat.
PUBLISHED: 07-21-2011
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Deleterious mutations in several genes that are involved in repair of damage to DNA have been associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. Recent studies have shown sequence variants in two such genes, RAD50 and NBS1, which can be predisposed to breast cancer. The aim of this study is to elucidate the contribution of RAD50 and NBS1 germline mutations to the etiology of non-BRCA1/2 hereditary breast cancer in China. We conducted a mutational analysis of RAD50 and NBS1 in genomic DNA from 384 Chinese women with early-onset breast cancer and/or affected relatives. All the coding exons and adjacent intronic splice junction rejoins of RAD50 and NBS1 were screened using PCR-DHPLC and DNA sequencing analysis. Among all cases, no obviously deleterious mutations were observed in RAD50; one synonymous change c.102G>A at codon 34 and one single nucleotide polymorphism IVS9 + 19C>T were identified in NBS1. Furthermore, there was no remarkable difference in the allele frequency of NBS1 c.553G>C (E185Q) between cases (172/384) and controls (182/420). Our results exclude the possible role of RAD50 and NBS1 in familial breast cancer predisposition in Chinese women, and there is no evidence for the recommendation of RAD50 and NBS1 for genetic testing in China.
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A prognostic model to predict outcome of patients failing to achieve pathological complete response after anthracycline-containing neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer.
J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 07-18-2011
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The aim of this study was to evaluate factors that could possibly affect the outcome of patients failing to achieve pathological complete response (pCR) after anthracycline-containing neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) for breast cancer, and built a prognostic model to predict patients outcome.
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Risk factors for postoperative seromas in Chinese breast cancer patients.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2011
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Seroma formation is one of the most common complications after breast cancer surgery. Various risk factors have been evaluated for their associations with the development of seromas in Western populations. However, similar data are not available in Chinese series. Therefore, we sought to investigate the potential risk factors for Chinese breast cancer patients.
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Electrospun polylactide/poly(ethylene glycol) hybrid fibrous scaffolds for tissue engineering.
J Biomed Mater Res A
PUBLISHED: 06-27-2011
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The biodegradable polylactide/poly(ethylene glycol) (PLA/PEG) hybrid membranes were fabricated via electrospinning of PLA/PEG solution. Their structures and properties were investigated by scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and water contact angle. In vitro hydrolytic degradation showed that PEG content influenced the degradation rate of the PLA/PEG hybrid mats. The mechanical property was measured by tensile test and the result revealed that the addition of PEG had an obvious plasticization on PLA matrix. In-vitro biocompatibility was investigated by culturing cell on the scaffolds and MTT assay. The results indicated that the cell could attach and proliferate on the membranes, so confirmed that the PLA/PEG hybrid membrane had good biocompatibility, and it could be a promising biomaterial for tissue engineering applications. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A:, 2011.
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Existence and stability of the resonant phenomena in the dc- and ac-driven overdamped Frenkel-Kontorova model with the incommensurate structure.
Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2011
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Dynamical mode-locking phenomena in the incommensurate structures of the dc- and ac-driven overdamped Frenkel-Kontorova model are studied by molecular-dynamics simulations. The obtained results have shown that Shapiro steps exhibit significantly different amplitude and frequency dependence from the one observed in the commensurate structures. Due to the incommensurability of the system the special symmetry of the motion of particles is broken, and in the amplitude dependence of Shapiro steps, this will result in the appearance of anomalies and deviation from the well-known Bessel-like behavior. In the frequency or period dependence, oscillations have been observed in the high-amplitude limit; however, they exhibit strong anomalies compared with those in the commensurate structures. The oscillatory behavior and the anomalies have been also be revealed in the (F(ac),F) and the (?(0),F) phase diagrams where several phases are defined.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.