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In JoVE (1)
- Profiling MicroRNA de Alto Rendimento: Multiplex Optimized qRT-PCR em Escala nanolitros no IFCS Fluidigm dinâmico ArrayTM
Other Publications (5)
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Articles by Alain A. Mir in JoVE
Profiling MicroRNA de Alto Rendimento: Multiplex Optimized qRT-PCR em Escala nanolitros no IFCS Fluidigm dinâmico ArrayTM
Felix Moltzahn1,2,3, Nathan Hunkapiller1,2,4, Alain A. Mir5, Tal Imbar1,2,6, Robert Blelloch1,2,3,7
1The Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regeneration Medicine and Stem Cell Research, University of California San Francisco, 2Center for Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco, 3Department of Urology, University of California San Francisco, 4Department of Cell and Tissue Biology, University of California San Francisco, 5Fluidigm Corporation, Fluidigm Corporation, 6Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, 7UCSF - Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California San Francisco
Aqui nós descrevemos um otimizado multiplex da transcriptase reversa PCR quantitativo protocolo (qRT-PCR) em combinação com uma plataforma microfluídica como ferramenta de triagem de custo e tempo efetivo de alto rendimento para microRNA (miRNA) níveis de expressão, especialmente quando se trabalha com quantidades limitadas de amostra.
Other articles by Alain A. Mir on PubMed
Nucleic Acids Research. Mar, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 11861917
We have examined binding of the CREB B-ZIP protein domain to double-stranded DNA containing a consensus CRE sequence (5'-TGACGTCA-3'), the related PAR, C/EBP and AP-1 sequences and the unrelated SP1 sequence. DNA binding was assayed in the presence or absence of MgCl2 and/or KCl using two methods: circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy and electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). The CD assay allows us to measure equilibrium binding in solution. Thermal denaturation in 150 mM KCl indicates that the CREB B-ZIP domain binds all the DNA sequences, with highest affinity for the CRE site, followed by the PAR (5'-TAACGTTA-3'), C/EBP (5'-TTGCGCAA-3') and AP-1 (5'-TGAGTCA-3') sites. The addition of 10 mM MgCl2 diminished DNA binding to the CRE and PAR DNA sequences and abolished binding to the C/EBP and AP-1 DNA sequences, resulting in more sequence-specific DNA binding. Using 'standard' EMSA conditions (0.25x TBE), CREB bound all the DNA sequences examined. The CREB-CRE complex had an apparent Kd of approximately 300 pM, PAR of approximately 1 nM, C/EBP and AP-1 of approximately 3 nM and SP1 of approximately 30 nM. The addition of 10 mM MgCl2 to the polyacrylamide gel dramatically altered sequence-specific DNA binding. CREB binding affinity for CRE DNA decreased 3-fold, but binding to the other DNA sequences decreased >1000-fold. In the EMSA, addition of 150 mM KCl to the gels had an effect similar to MgCl2. The magnesium concentration needed to prevent non-specific electrostatic interactions between CREB and DNA in solution is in the physiological range and thus changes in magnesium concentration may be a cellular signal that regulates gene expression.
Molecular and Cellular Biology. Sep, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 12192032
Neuron. Nov, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 12441050
Mammalian neurogenesis is determined by an interplay between intrinsic genetic mechanisms and extrinsic cues such as growth factors. Here we have defined a signaling cascade, a MEK-C/EBP pathway, that is essential for cortical progenitor cells to become postmitotic neurons. Inhibition of MEK or of the C/EBP family of transcription factors inhibits neurogenesis while expression of a C/EBPbeta mutant that is a phosphorylation-mimic at a MEK-Rsk site enhances neurogenesis. C/EBP mediates this positive effect by direct transcriptional activation of neuron-specific genes such as Talpha1 alpha-tubulin. Conversely, inhibition of C/EBP-dependent transcription enhances CNTF-mediated generation of astrocytes from the same progenitor cells. Thus, activation of a MEK-C/EBP pathway enhances neurogenesis and inhibits gliogenesis, thereby providing a mechanism whereby growth factors can selectively bias progenitors to become neurons during development.
A Search for Candidate Genes for Lipodystrophy, Obesity and Diabetes Via Gene Expression Analysis of A-ZIP/F-1 Mice
Genomics. Apr, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 12676562
Genome scans for diabetes have identified many regions of the human genome that correlate with the disease state. To identify candidate genes for type 2 diabetes, we examined the transgenic A-ZIP/F-1 mouse. This mouse model has no white fat, resulting in abnormal levels of glucose, insulin, and leptin, making the A-ZIP/F-1 mice a good model for lipodystrophy and insulin resistance. We used cDNA-based microarrays to find differentially expressed genes in four tissues of these mice. We examined these results in the context of human linkage scans for lipodystrophy, obesity, and type 2 diabetes. We combined 199 known human orthologs of the misregulated mouse genes with 33 published human genome scans on a genome map. Integrating expression data with human linkage results permitted us to suggest and prioritize candidate genes for lipodystrophy and related disorders. These genes include a cluster of 3 S100A genes on chromosome 1 and SLPI1 on chromosome 20.
Genome Research. Aug, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15256515
We have determined the distribution of each of the 65,536 DNA sequences that are eight bases long (8-mer) in a set of 13,010 human genomic promoter sequences aligned relative to the putative transcription start site (TSS). A limited number of 8-mers have peaks in their distribution (cluster), and most cluster within 100 bp of the TSS. The 156 DNA sequences exhibiting the greatest statistically significant clustering near the TSS can be placed into nine groups of related sequences. Each group is defined by a consensus sequence, and seven of these consensus sequences are known binding sites for the transcription factors (TFs) SP1, NF-Y, ETS, CREB, TBP, USF, and NRF-1. One sequence, which we named Clus1, is not a known TF binding site. The ninth sequence group is composed of the strand-specific Kozak sequence that clusters downstream of the TSS. An examination of the co-occurrence of these TF consensus sequences indicates a positive correlation for most of them except for sequences bound by TBP (the TATA box). Human mRNA expression data from 29 tissues indicate that the ETS, NRF-1, and Clus1 sequences that cluster are predominantly found in the promoters of housekeeping genes (e.g., ribosomal genes). In contrast, TATA is more abundant in the promoters of tissue-specific genes. This analysis identified eight DNA sequences in 5082 promoters that we suggest are important for regulating gene expression.