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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (9)
- International Journal of Cancer. Journal International Du Cancer
- Cancer Science
- Cancer Immunity : a Journal of the Academy of Cancer Immunology
- Science (New York, N.Y.)
- Journal of Immunotherapy (Hagerstown, Md. : 1997)
- International Journal of Urology : Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
- The Journal of Experimental Medicine
Articles by Hirokazu Matsushita in JoVE
Expansion of Human Peripheral Blood γδ T Cells using Zoledronate
Makoto Kondo1,2, Takamichi Izumi1,2, Nao Fujieda1,2, Atsushi Kondo1,2, Takeharu Morishita1,2, Hirokazu Matsushita1, Kazuhiro Kakimi1
1Department of Immunotherapeutics (Medinet), University of Tokyo Hospital, 2MEDINET Co., Ltd
A method to expand γδ T cells from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) is described. PBMC-derived γδ T cells are stimulated and expanded using zoledronate and interleukin-2 (IL-2). Large scale expansion of γδ T cells can be applied to autologous cellular immunotherapy of cancer.
Other articles by Hirokazu Matsushita on PubMed
A-kinase Anchoring Protein 3 Messenger RNA Expression in Ovarian Cancer and Its Implication on Prognosis
International Journal of Cancer. Journal International Du Cancer. Jan, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 14618620
A-kinase anchoring protein 3 (AKAP3) is a sperm protein and its expression appears to be restricted to the testis in normal adult tissues. We investigated AKAP3 mRNA expression in 20 normal ovaries and 54 ovarian cancers of different histological types, grades and stages by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The PCR products were analyzed by conventional agarose gel electrophoresis and capillary electrophoresis on a microtip device to determine the expression semiquantitatively. Little or no expression was observed in the 20 normal ovarian specimens. High AKAP3 mRNA expression was observed in 15 ovarian cancer specimens (28 %). The expression was correlated with the histological grade and clinical stage. AKAP3 mRNA was observed at a significantly higher frequency in poorly differentiated (p = 0.009) and advanced stage (III and IV, p = 0.014) tumors. No correlation was found between AKAP3 mRNA expression and other variables. In Cox multivariate analysis, AKAP3 mRNA expression was found to be a significant predictor of both overall and progression-free survival in patients with poorly differentiated tumors.
Cancer Science. Nov, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 16271074
For regulatory factor X4 (RFX4), two alternatively spliced variants, RFX4-A and -B, were reported in the testis. In this study, we identified transcript variants RFX4-C, -D, -E, and -F, and demonstrated by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) that RFX4-A, -B and -C mRNAs were expressed only in the testis, and RFX4-D mRNA was expressed only in normal brain tissues. In tumors, RFX4-E and -F in addition to RFX4-D mRNA were expressed in gliomas by rapid amplification of cDNA ends and RT-PCR analyses. Expression of RFX4 mRNA was not observed in other tumors, such as lung, esophageal, stomach, colon or liver cancers. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR using common primer pairs detecting all of the variant transcripts showed high expression in normal testis, low expression in the brain (1% compared to the expression in testis), and overexpression in 17 of 61 gliomas (28%). Western blot analysis using DC28 monoclonal antibody (mAb) produced against recombinant RFX4-D C-terminus protein showed expression of RFX4-A and -C proteins, but not RFX4-B protein, in the testis, and expression of RFX4-D protein in the brain. Moreover, expression of RFX4-E and -F proteins, but not RFX4-D protein, was observed in gliomas. Immunohistochemistry analysis using DC28 mAb showed positive staining in the nuclei of spermatocytes in the testis and glioma cells. Antibody against RFX4 was detected in the sera of 3 of 58 (5%) glioma patients by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, suggesting the immunogenicity of RFX4-E and -F proteins in glioma patients.
Junctional Adhesion Molecule-A, JAM-A, is a Novel Cell-surface Marker for Long-term Repopulating Hematopoietic Stem Cells
Blood. Feb, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 17986666
Junctional adhesion molecule-A (JAM-A/JAM-1/F11R) is a cell adhesion molecule expressed in epithelial and endothelial cells, and also hematopoietic cells, such as leukocytes, platelets, and erythrocytes. Here, we show that JAM-A is expressed at a high level in the enriched hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) fraction; that is, CD34(+)c-Kit(+) cells in embryonic day 11.5 (E11.5) aorta-gonod-mesonephros (AGM) and E11.5 fetal liver (FL), as well as c-Kit(+)Sca-1(+)Lineage(-) (KSL) cells in E14.5 FL, E18.5FL, and adult bone marrow (BM). Although the percentage of JAM-A(+) cells in those tissues decreases during development, the expression in the HSC fraction is maintained throughout life. Colony-forming assays reveal that multilineage colony-forming activity in JAM-A(+) cells is higher than that in JAM-A(-) cells in the enriched HSC fraction in all of those tissues. Transplantation assays show that long-term reconstituting HSC (LTR-HSC) activity is exclusively in the JAM-A(+) population and is highly enriched in the JAM-A(+) cells sorted directly from whole BM cells by anti-JAM-A antibody alone. Together, these results indicate that JAM-A is expressed on hematopoietic precursors in various hematopoietic tissues and is an excellent marker to isolate LTR-HSCs.
Identification of the HERV-K Gag Antigen in Prostate Cancer by SEREX Using Autologous Patient Serum and Its Immunogenicity
Cancer Immunity : a Journal of the Academy of Cancer Immunology. 2008 | Pubmed ID: 19006261
The prostate cancer HERV-K gag-related NGO-Pr-54 antigen was identified by SEREX analysis using autologous patient serum. NGO-Pr-54 mRNA was observed to be faintly expressed in normal prostate and strongly expressed in a variety of cancers, including ovarian cancer (5/8), prostate cancer (6/9), and leukemia (5/14). A phage plaque assay showed that a strong reaction was constantly observed with clone ZH042 in which the 5' end of NGO-Pr-54 is deleted, suggesting that it contained the sequence coding for the protein product. A TI-35 mAb was produced using a recombinant protein (438 aa) deduced from the sequence of ZH042. Transfection of clone ZH042 into 293T cells resulted in the production of an approximately 50-kDa molecule visualized by Western blotting. Natural production of the molecule was confirmed in a SK-MEL-23 melanoma cell line. An indirect immunofluorescence assay showed that NGO-Pr-54 protein was expressed on the cell surface as well as in the cytoplasm. Cell surface expression was confirmed by flow cytometry using the TI-35 mAb. The antibody response against NGO-Pr-54 was observed in patients with bladder (5.1%), liver (4.1%), lung (3.4%), ovarian (5.6%), and prostate (4.2%) cancer, as well as with malignant melanoma (13.2%).
Science (New York, N.Y.). Nov, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 19008445
Although in vitro observations suggest that cross-presentation of antigens is mediated primarily by CD8alpha+ dendritic cells, in vivo analysis has been hampered by the lack of systems that selectively eliminate this cell lineage. We show that deletion of the transcription factor Batf3 ablated development of CD8alpha+ dendritic cells, allowing us to examine their role in immunity in vivo. Dendritic cells from Batf3-/- mice were defective in cross-presentation, and Batf3-/- mice lacked virus-specific CD8+ T cell responses to West Nile virus. Importantly, rejection of highly immunogenic syngeneic tumors was impaired in Batf3-/- mice. These results suggest an important role for CD8alpha+ dendritic cells and cross-presentation in responses to viruses and in tumor rejection.
Adoptive Immunotherapy for Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Using Zoledronate-expanded γδTcells: a Phase I Clinical Study
Journal of Immunotherapy (Hagerstown, Md. : 1997). Mar, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21304399
Human γδ T cells can recognize and kill non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells using the Vγ9Vδ2 T-cell receptor and/or NKG2D. We have established clinical grade large-scale ex vivo expansion of γδ T cells from peripheral blood mononuclear cells by culturing with zoledronate and interleukin-2 (IL-2). A phase I study was conducted to evaluate safety and potential antitumor effects of re-infusing ex vivo expanded γδ T cells in patients with recurrent or advanced NSCLC. Patient's peripheral blood mononuclear cells were stimulated with zoledronate (5 μM) and IL-2 (1000 IU/mL) for 14 days. Harvested cells, mostly γδ T cells, were given intravenously every 2 weeks without additional IL-2, a total of 6 times. The cumulative number of transferred γδ T cells ranged from 2.6 to 45.1 x 10⁹ (median, 15.7×10⁹). Fifteen patients underwent adoptive immunotherapy with these γδ T cells. There were no severe adverse events related to the therapy. Immunomonitoring data showed that with increasing numbers of infusions, the number of peripheral γδ T cells gradually increased. All patients remained alive during the study period with a median survival of 589 days and median progression-free survival of 126 days. According to the Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors, there were no objective responses. Six patients had stable disease, whereas the remaining 6 evaluable patients experienced progressive disease 4 weeks after the sixth transfer. We conclude that adoptive transfer of zoledronate-expanded γδ T cells is safe and feasible in patients with NSCLC, refractory to other treatments.
International Journal of Urology : Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association. Jun, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21599759
The Journal of Experimental Medicine. Sep, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21930769
Cancer immunoediting is the process whereby the immune system suppresses neoplastic growth and shapes tumor immunogenicity. We previously reported that type I interferon (IFN-α/β) plays a central role in this process and that hematopoietic cells represent critical targets of type I IFN's actions. However, the specific cells affected by IFN-α/β and the functional processes that type I IFN induces remain undefined. Herein, we show that type I IFN is required to initiate the antitumor response and that its actions are temporally distinct from IFN-γ during cancer immunoediting. Using mixed bone marrow chimeric mice, we demonstrate that type I IFN sensitivity selectively within the innate immune compartment is essential for tumor-specific T cell priming and tumor elimination. We further show that mice lacking IFNAR1 (IFN-α/β receptor 1) in dendritic cells (DCs; Itgax-Cre(+)Ifnar1(f/f) mice) cannot reject highly immunogenic tumor cells and that CD8α(+) DCs from these mice display defects in antigen cross-presentation to CD8(+) T cells. In contrast, mice depleted of NK cells or mice that lack IFNAR1 in granulocytes and macrophage populations reject these tumors normally. Thus, DCs and specifically CD8α(+) DCs are functionally relevant targets of endogenous type I IFN during lymphocyte-mediated tumor rejection.
Nature. Feb, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22318521
Cancer immunoediting, the process by which the immune system controls tumour outgrowth and shapes tumour immunogenicity, is comprised of three phases: elimination, equilibrium and escape. Although many immune components that participate in this process are known, its underlying mechanisms remain poorly defined. A central tenet of cancer immunoediting is that T-cell recognition of tumour antigens drives the immunological destruction or sculpting of a developing cancer. However, our current understanding of tumour antigens comes largely from analyses of cancers that develop in immunocompetent hosts and thus may have already been edited. Little is known about the antigens expressed in nascent tumour cells, whether they are sufficient to induce protective antitumour immune responses or whether their expression is modulated by the immune system. Here, using massively parallel sequencing, we characterize expressed mutations in highly immunogenic methylcholanthrene-induced sarcomas derived from immunodeficient Rag2(-/-) mice that phenotypically resemble nascent primary tumour cells. Using class I prediction algorithms, we identify mutant spectrin-β2 as a potential rejection antigen of the d42m1 sarcoma and validate this prediction by conventional antigen expression cloning and detection. We also demonstrate that cancer immunoediting of d42m1 occurs via a T-cell-dependent immunoselection process that promotes outgrowth of pre-existing tumour cell clones lacking highly antigenic mutant spectrin-β2 and other potential strong antigens. These results demonstrate that the strong immunogenicity of an unedited tumour can be ascribed to expression of highly antigenic mutant proteins and show that outgrowth of tumour cells that lack these strong antigens via a T-cell-dependent immunoselection process represents one mechanism of cancer immunoediting.