In JoVE (1)

Other Publications (3)

Articles by Pamela Holzlöhner in JoVE

Other articles by Pamela Holzlöhner on PubMed

Osteopontin As Two-sided Mediator of Intestinal Inflammation

Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine. Jun, 2009  |  Pubmed ID: 18627421

Osteopontin (OPN) is characterized as a major amplifier of Th1-immune responses. However, its role in intestinal inflammation is currently unknown. We found considerably raised OPN levels in blood of wild-type (WT) mice with dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis. To identify the role of this mediator in intestinal inflammation, we analysed experimental colitis in OPN-deficient (OPN(-/-)) mice. In the acute phase of colitis these mice showed more extensive colonic ulcerations and mucosal destruction than WT mice, which was abrogated by application of soluble OPN. Within the OPN(-/-) mice, infiltrating macrophages were not activated and showed impaired phagocytosis. Reduced mRNA expression of interleukin (IL)-1 beta and matrix metalloproteinases was found in acute colitis of OPN(-/-) mice. This was associated with decreased blood levels of IL-22, a Th17 cytokine that may mediate epithelial regeneration. However, OPN-(/-) mice showed increased serum levels of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, which could be due to systemically present lipopolysaccharide translocated to the gut. In contrast to acute colitis, during chronic DSS-colitis, which is driven by a Th1 response of the lamina propria infiltrates, OPN(-/-) mice were protected from mucosal inflammation and demonstrated lower serum levels of IL-12 than WT mice. Furthermore, neutralization of OPN in WT mice abrogated colitis. Lastly, we demonstrate that in patients with active Crohn's disease OPN serum concentration correlated significantly with disease activity. Taken together, we postulate a dual function of OPN in intestinal inflammation: During acute inflammation OPN seems to activate innate immunity, reduces tissue damage and initiates mucosal repair whereas during chronic inflammation it promotes the Th1 response and strengthens inflammation.

Cooperation of Dendritic Cells with Naïve Lymphocyte Populations to Induce the Generation of Antigen-specific Antibodies in Vitro

Journal of Biotechnology. Dec, 2011  |  Pubmed ID: 21968261

The production of monoclonal antibodies by hybridoma technology is dependent on lymphocytes taken from vertebrates which have to be immunized against the corresponding antigen. We present here our first experiments which should allow the replacement of this in vivo immunization step by an in vitro immunization procedure. This work provides new possibilities for the specific activation of immune cells in order to use them for the generation of antibodies which are not of murine origin. Bone marrow-derived dendritic cells were loaded with antigen and co-cultured with naïve T and B lymphocytes of non-immunized mice. The interaction and activation of the different cell types were investigated by measuring the expression of specific cell surface markers, the release of activation-dependent interleukins and the secretion of antigen-specific antibodies. We could demonstrate that dendritic cells process and present antigen fragments and activate T cells, that T cells proliferate and release activation-induced interleukins, and that B cells maturate under the influence of activated T cells and secrete antigen-specific antibodies.

Serological Diagnosis and Prognosis of Severe Acute Pancreatitis by Analysis of Serum Glycoprotein 2

Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. Nov, 2016  |  Pubmed ID: 27837595

Glycoprotein 2 (GP2), the pancreatic major zymogen granule membrane glycoprotein, was reported to be elevated in acute pancreatitis in animal models.

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