JoVE Monthly Highlights: February 2019

1Journal of Visualized Experiments

Impacts of Free-falling Spheres on a Deep Liquid Pool with Altered Fluid and Impactor Surface Conditions

Daren A. Watson, Jeremy L. Stephen, Andrew K. Dickerson

This protocol demonstrates the basic experimental configuration for water entry experiments with free-falling spheres. Methods for the alteration of liquid surface with penetrable fabrics, the preparation of chemically non-wetting spheres, and steps for splash visualization and data extraction are discussed.

Bilateral Assessment of the Corticospinal Pathways of the Ankle Muscles Using Navigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Charalambos C. Charalambous1,2, Jing Nong Liang3,4, Steve A. Kautz2,5, Mark S. George5,6, Mark G. Bowden2,5,7

The present protocol describes the simultaneous, bilateral assessment of the corticomotor response of the tibialis anterior and soleus during rest and tonic voluntary activation using a single pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation and neuronavigation system.

A Conflict Model of Reward-seeking Behavior in Male Rats

Shaofei Jiang1,2, Yue Zhang1,2, Xigeng Zheng1,2, Haoshuang Luo1,2, Zhengkui Liu1,2, Yunjing Bai1,2

This conflict model is used to measure the impairment of inhibitory control after exposure to addictive drugs, or other factors that may influence inhibitory control. A sexual stimulus and an aversive obstacle are concurrently presented, thus male rats have to conquer the obstacle to approach the sexual reward.

Generation of Human 3D Lung Tissue Cultures (3D-LTCs) for Disease Modeling

Michael Gerckens1,2,3, Hani N. Alsafadi4,5,6, Darcy E. Wagner4,5,6, Michael Lindner2,7, Gerald Burgstaller*1,2,3, Melanie Königshoff*1,2,3,8
* These authors contributed equally

Here, we present a protocol for the preparation of agarose-filled human precision-cut lung slices from resected patient tissue that are suitable for generating 3D lung tissue cultures to model human lung diseases in biological and biomedical studies.