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Articles by Asad Mian in JoVE
Analytische technieken voor het testen van stikstofoxide biologische activiteit
Hong Jiang1, Deepa Parthasarathy1, Ashley C. Torregrossa1, Asad Mian2, Nathan S. Bryan1
1Texas Therapeutics Institute, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 2Deptartment of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine
De endogene productie van stikstofoxide (NO) regelt diverse biologische functies. Het wordt steeds duidelijker dat verstoring of ontregeling van NO op basis van signalering is betrokken bij vele ziekten bij de mens. Methoden voor het kwantificeren van relevante NO metabolieten kunnen nieuwe diagnostische of prognostische biomarkers voor ziekte bij de mens.
Other articles by Asad Mian on PubMed
Nature Medicine. Dec, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22081021
Nitric oxide (NO) is crucial in diverse physiological and pathological processes. We show that a hypomorphic mouse model of argininosuccinate lyase (encoded by Asl) deficiency has a distinct phenotype of multiorgan dysfunction and NO deficiency. Loss of Asl in both humans and mice leads to reduced NO synthesis, owing to both decreased endogenous arginine synthesis and an impaired ability to use extracellular arginine for NO production. Administration of nitrite, which can be converted into NO in vivo, rescued the manifestations of NO deficiency in hypomorphic Asl mice, and a nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-independent NO donor restored NO-dependent vascular reactivity in humans with ASL deficiency. Mechanistic studies showed that ASL has a structural function in addition to its catalytic activity, by which it contributes to the formation of a multiprotein complex required for NO production. Our data demonstrate a previously unappreciated role for ASL in NOS function and NO homeostasis. Hence, ASL may serve as a target for manipulating NO production in experimental models, as well as for the treatment of NO-related diseases.