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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (1)
Articles by Catherine A. Powell in JoVE
A Method for Murine Islet Isolation and Subcapsular Kidney Transplantation
Erik J. Zmuda1, Catherine A. Powell1,2, Tsonwin Hai1,2,3
1Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, Center for Molecular Neurobiology, The Ohio State University, 2Integrated Biomedical Science Graduate Program, The Ohio State University, 3Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State University
Transplantation of isolated islets has been proposed to be a potential treatment for type 1 diabetes. Here we describe a method to isolate islets from mouse pancreata and transplant them to the subcapsular space of the kidney.
Other articles by Catherine A. Powell on PubMed
Cancer Research. Feb, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22158945
S100A7/psoriasin, a member of the epidermal differentiation complex, is widely overexpressed in invasive estrogen receptor (ER)α-negative breast cancers. However, it has not been established whether S100A7 contributes to breast cancer growth or metastasis. Here, we report the consequences of its expression on inflammatory pathways that impact breast cancer growth. Overexpression of human S100A7 or its murine homologue mS100a7a15 enhanced cell proliferation and upregulated various proinflammatory molecules in ERα-negative breast cancer cells. To examine in vivo effects, we generated mice with an inducible form of mS100a7a15 (MMTV-mS100a7a15 mice). Orthotopic implantation of MVT-1 breast tumor cells into the mammary glands of these mice enhanced tumor growth and metastasis. Compared with uninduced transgenic control mice, the mammary glands of mice where mS100a7a15 was induced exhibited increased ductal hyperplasia and expression of molecules involved in proliferation, signaling, tissue remodeling, and macrophage recruitment. Furthermore, tumors and lung tissues obtained from these mice showed further increases in prometastatic gene expression and recruitment of tumor-associated macrophages (TAM). Notably, in vivo depletion of TAM inhibited the effects of mS100a7a15 induction on tumor growth and angiogenesis. Furthermore, introduction of soluble hS100A7 or mS100a7a15 enhanced chemotaxis of macrophages via activation of RAGE receptors. In summary, our work used a powerful new model system to show that S100A7 enhances breast tumor growth and metastasis by activating proinflammatory and metastatic pathways. Cancer Res; 72(3); 604-15. ©2011 AACR.