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In JoVE (1)
- Metoder för att kvantifiera Farmakologiskt Inducerad Förändringar i motorisk funktion i Human Ofullständig SCI
Other Publications (3)
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Articles by Catherine Kinnaird in JoVE
Metoder för att kvantifiera Farmakologiskt Inducerad Förändringar i motorisk funktion i Human Ofullständig SCI
Christopher K. Thompson1,2, Arun Jayaraman1, Catherine Kinnaird1, T. George Hornby1,3
1Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, 2Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago, 3Department of Physical Therapy, University of Illinois at Chicago
Denna video visar modulering av reflex aktivitet, viljemässiga styrka och förflyttningar genom kliniska och kvantitativa bedömningar hos personer med motoriska ofullständig SCI som en följd av akut oral tillförsel av en serotoninåterupptagshämmare (SSRI).
Other articles by Catherine Kinnaird on PubMed
Journal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985). Jan, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16179395
When humans hop or run on different surfaces, they adjust their effective leg stiffness to offset changes in surface stiffness. As a result, the overall stiffness of the leg-surface series combination remains independent of surface stiffness. The purpose of this study was to determine whether humans make a similar adjustment when springs are placed in parallel with the leg via a lower limb orthosis. We studied seven human subjects hopping in place on one leg while wearing an ankle-foot orthosis. We used an ankle-foot orthosis because the ankle joint is primarily responsible for leg stiffness during hopping. A spring was added to the ankle-foot orthosis so that it increased orthosis stiffness by providing plantar flexor torque during ankle dorsiflexion. We hypothesized that subjects would decrease their biological ankle stiffness when the spring was added to the orthosis, keeping total ankle stiffness constant. We collected kinematic, kinetic, and electromyographic data during hopping with and without the spring on the orthosis. We found that total ankle stiffness and leg stiffness did not change across the two orthosis conditions (ANOVA, P > 0.05). This was possible because subjects decreased their biological ankle stiffness to offset the orthosis spring stiffness (P < 0.0001). The reduction in biological ankle stiffness was accompanied by decreases in soleus, medial gastrocnemius, and lateral gastrocnemius muscle activation (P < 0.0002). These results suggest that an elastic exoskeleton might improve human running performance by reducing muscle recruitment.
IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering : a Publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Feb, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19211321
A previous study from our laboratory showed that when soleus electromyography was used to control the amount of plantar flexion assistance from a robotic ankle exoskeleton, subjects significantly reduced their soleus activity to quickly return to normal gait kinematics. We speculated that subjects were primarily responding to the local mechanical assistance of the exoskeleton rather than directly attempting to reduce exoskeleton mechanical power via decreases in soleus activity. To test this observation we studied ten healthy subjects walking on a treadmill at 1.25 m/s while wearing a robotic exoskeleton proportionally controlled by medial gastrocnemius activation. We hypothesized that subjects would primarily decrease soleus activity due to its synergistic mechanics with the exoskeleton. Subjects decreased medial gastrocnemius recruitment by 12% ( p < 0.05 ) but decreased soleus recruitment by 27% ( p < 0.05). In agreement with our hypothesis, the primary reduction in muscle activity was not for the control muscle (medial gastrocnemius) but for the anatomical synergist to the exoskeleton (soleus). These findings indicate that anatomical morphology needs to be considered carefully when designing software and hardware for robotic exoskeletons.
Importance of Specificity, Amount, and Intensity of Locomotor Training to Improve Ambulatory Function in Patients Poststroke
Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation. Jul-Aug, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21914594
The majority of individuals poststroke recover the ability to walk overground, although residual impairments contribute to reduced walking speed, spatiotemporal asymmetries, inefficient gait, and limited walking activity in the home and community. A substantial number of studies have investigated the effects of various interventions on locomotor function in individuals poststroke; these studies vary widely in types of tasks practiced, the amount of practiced activities, and the intensity or workload during the intervention. In contrast, basic and applied studies have identified specific parameters of training that could be applied towards treatment of patients poststroke. More directly, the specificity, amount, and intensity of walking practice are thought to be critical variables of rehabilitation interventions that can facilitate plasticity of neuromuscular and cardiopulmonary systems and result in improved locomotor function. In the present commentary, we delineate the evidence and physiological rationale for providing large amounts of high-intensity locomotor training to improve ambulatory function in individuals poststroke. Additional evidence is presented to indicate that improvements in non-walking tasks, such as static balance and performance of transfers, may also occur following locomotor training. We further evaluate previous and more recent studies in the context of these parameters and provide suggestions for providing locomotor training for patients with stroke in the clinical setting.