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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (4)
Articles by Charles R. Budinoff in JoVE
Estimating Virus Production Rates in Aquatic Systems
Audrey R. Matteson, Charles R. Budinoff, Claire E. Campbell, Alison Buchan, Steven W. Wilhelm
Department of Microbiology, University of Tennessee
The turnover rate of viruses in marine and freshwater systems can be estimated by a reduction and reoccurrence technique. The data allow researchers to infer rates of virus-mediated microbial mortality in aquatic systems.
Other articles by Charles R. Budinoff on PubMed
Environmental Microbiology. Jan, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15643930
Thin, vertically structured topsoil communities that become ecologically important in arid regions (biological soil crusts or BSCs) are responsible for much of the nitrogen inputs into pristine arid lands. We studied N(2) fixation and ammonium oxidation (AO) at subcentimetre resolution within BSCs from the Colorado Plateau. Pools of dissolved porewater nitrate/nitrite, ammonium and organic nitrogen in wetted BSCs were high in comparison with those typical of aridosoils. They remained stable during incubations, indicating that input and output processes were of similar magnitude. Areal N(2) fixation rates (6.5-48 micromol C(2)H(2) m(-2) h(-1)) were high, the vertical distribution of N(2) fixation peaking close to the surface if populations of heterocystous cyanobacteria were present, but in the subsurface if they were absent. Areal AO rates (19-46 micromol N m(-2) h(-1)) were commensurate with N(2) fixation inputs. When considering oxygen availability, AO activity invariably peaked 2-3 mm deep and was limited by oxygen (not ammonium) supply. Most probable number (MPN)-enumerated ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (6.7-7.9 x 10(3) cells g(-1) on average) clearly peaked at 2-3 mm depth. Thus, AO (hence nitrification) is a spatially restricted but important process in the nitrogen cycling of BSC, turning much of the biologically fixed nitrogen into oxidized forms, the fate of which remains to be determined.
The ISME Journal. Mar, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18219283
Over the past decade numerous lineages of bacteria have been shown to obtain energy for growth through redox transformations of arsenic. However, phototrophic growth using reduced arsenic as an electron donor has not been described. Here we report the light-dependent oxidation of arsenite to arsenate, coupled with autotrophic growth, by an Ectothiorhodospira-dominated consortium of bacteria from alkaline, hypersaline Mono Lake, California. Pure cultures of the Mono Lake Ectothiorhodospira were not capable of phototrophic arsenite oxidation under the culture conditions tested. Electron micrographs of the culture showed a close association between consortia members, although the specific contribution of the individual bacteria is currently unknown. This report extends the list of compounds known to support anoxygenic photosynthesis and documents a previously unknown pathway in arsenic geochemistry.
A Protocol for Enumeration of Aquatic Viruses by Epifluorescence Microscopy Using Anodisc™ 13 Membranes
BMC Microbiology. 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21787406
Epifluorescence microscopy is a common method used to enumerate virus-like particles (VLP) from environmental samples and relies on the use of filter membranes with pore sizes < 0.02 μm; the most commonly used protocols employ 25 mm Anodisc™ membranes with a built-in support ring. Other filters with small pore sizes exist, including the 13 mm Anodisc™ membranes without a support ring. However, the use of these membranes for viral enumeration has not been previously reported.
Marivita Roseacus Sp. Nov., of the Family Rhodobacteraceae, Isolated from a Temperate Estuary and an Emended Description of the Genus Marivita
The Journal of General and Applied Microbiology. 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22139454
A gram-negative, non-motile, pigmented, rod-shaped and strictly aerobic bacterium (CB1052(T)) was isolated from a temperate estuary. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, strain CB1052(T) belongs to the α-3 subclass of the Proteobacteria, within the family Rhodobacteraceae, having the highest similarity to members of the genus Marivita (97.8%) of the Roseobacter lineage. Pylogenetic analysis showed CB1052(T) to be a distinct sister clade to M. litorea and M. cryptomonadis and DNA-DNA relatedness was quite low amongst the strains (< 35%). Strain CB1052(T) cells are non-motile and display a needle-like filamentous form, where individual cells can become quite elongated (up to 15 μm). Similar to M. litorea and M. cryptomonadis, CB1052(T) harbors aerobic anoxygenic photosynthesis genes. However, in contrast to other described Marivita species, strain CB1052(T) actively produces bacteriochlorophyll a. Further physiological features, including antibiotic sensitivities, differentiate strain CB1052(T) from the other members of the genus. Therefore, strain CB1052(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Marivita, for which the name Marivita roseacus sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain CB1052(T) (=DSM 23118(T) =ATCC BAA 1914(T)).