Translate this page to:
In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (2)
This translation into Turkish was automatically generated.
English Version | Other Languages
Articles by Erica L. Benard in JoVE
Hücre içi bakteriyel patojenler ile Zebra balığı Embryolarının Enfeksiyon
Erica L. Benard1, Astrid M. van der Sar2, Felix Ellett3, Graham J. Lieschke3, Herman P. Spaink1, Annemarie H. Meijer1
1Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Institute of Biology, Leiden University, 2Department of Medical Microbiology and Infection Control, VU University Medical Center, 3Australian Regenerative Medicine Institute, Monash University
Şeffaf zebrabalıkları embriyolar gibi görselleştirmek için faydalı model bilgisayarlar ve doğuştan gelen bağışıklık hücreleri ve hücre içi bakteriyel patojenler arasında işlevsel çalışma etkileşimleri, kanıtladık
Other articles by Erica L. Benard on PubMed
Blood. Jul, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20424185
The Spi1/Pu.1 transcription factor plays a crucial role in myeloid cell development in vertebrates. Despite extensive studies of Spi1, the controlled gene group remains largely unknown. To identify genes dependent on Spi1, we used a microarray strategy using a knockdown approach in zebrafish embryos combined with fluorescence-activated cell sorting of myeloid cells from transgenic embryos. This approach of using knockdowns with specific green fluorescent protein-marked cell types was highly successful in identifying macrophagespecific genes in Spi1-directed innate immunity. We found a gene group downregulated on spi1 knockdown, which is also enriched in fluorescence-activated cell-sorted embryonic myeloid cells of a spi1:GFP transgenic line. This gene group, representing putative myeloidspecific Spi1 target genes, contained all 5 previously identified Spi1-dependent zebrafish genes as well as a large set of novel immune-related genes. Colocalization studies with neutrophil and macrophage markers revealed that genes cxcr3.2, mpeg1, ptpn6, and mfap4 were expressed specifically in early embryonic macrophages. In a functional approach, we demonstrated that gene cxcr3.2, coding for chemokine receptor 3.2, is involved in macrophage migration to the site of bacterial infection. Therefore, based on our combined transcriptome analyses, we discovered novel early macrophage-specific marker genes, including a signal transducer pivotal for macrophage migration in the innate immune response.
Methods in Cell Biology. 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21951535
The major cell types of the innate immune system, macrophages and neutrophils, develop during the first two days of zebrafish embryogenesis. The interaction of these immune cells with pathogenic microbes can excellently be traced in the optically transparent zebrafish embryos. Various tools and methods have recently been developed for visualizing and isolating the zebrafish embryonic innate immune cells, for establishing infections by different micro-injection techniques, and for analyzing the host innate immune response following microbial recognition. Here we provide practical guidelines for the application of these methodologies and review the current state of the art in zebrafish infectious disease research.