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In JoVE (1)
- An Organotypic Slice Assay for High-Resolution Time-Lapse Imaging of Neuronal Migration in the Postnatal Brain
Other Publications (3)
Articles by H. Troy Ghashghaei in JoVE
An Organotypic Slice Assay for High-Resolution Time-Lapse Imaging of Neuronal Migration in the Postnatal Brain
Benoit V. Jacquet, Philip Ruckart, H. Troy Ghashghaei
Department of Molecular Biomedical Sciences, Center for Comparative Medicine and Translational Research, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
This protocol describes an organotypic slice assay optimized for the postnatal brain and high-resolution time-lapse imaging of neuroblast migration in the rostral migratory stream.
Other articles by H. Troy Ghashghaei on PubMed
Nature Reviews. Neuroscience. Feb, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17237805
The generation and targeting of appropriate numbers and types of neurons to where they are needed in the brain is essential for the establishment, maintenance and modification of neural circuitry. This review aims to summarize the patterns, mechanisms and functional significance of neuronal migration in the postnatal brain, with an emphasis on the migratory events that persist in the mature brain.
FoxJ1-dependent Gene Expression is Required for Differentiation of Radial Glia into Ependymal Cells and a Subset of Astrocytes in the Postnatal Brain
Development (Cambridge, England). Dec, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19906869
Neuronal specification occurs at the periventricular surface of the embryonic central nervous system. During early postnatal periods, radial glial cells in various ventricular zones of the brain differentiate into ependymal cells and astrocytes. However, mechanisms that drive this time- and cell-specific differentiation remain largely unknown. Here, we show that expression of the forkhead transcription factor FoxJ1 in mice is required for differentiation into ependymal cells and a small subset of FoxJ1(+) astrocytes in the lateral ventricles, where these cells form a postnatal neural stem cell niche. Moreover, we show that a subset of FoxJ1(+) cells harvested from the stem cell niche can self-renew and possess neurogenic potential. Using a transcriptome comparison of FoxJ1-null and wild-type microdissected tissue, we identified candidate genes regulated by FoxJ1 during early postnatal development. The list includes a significant number of microtubule-associated proteins, some of which form a protein complex that could regulate the transport of basal bodies to the ventricular surface of differentiating ependymal cells during FoxJ1-dependent ciliogenesis. Our results suggest that time- and cell-specific expression of FoxJ1 in the brain acts on an array of target genes to regulate the differentiation of ependymal cells and a small subset of astrocytes in the adult stem cell niche.
Specification of a Foxj1-dependent Lineage in the Forebrain is Required for Embryonic-to-postnatal Transition of Neurogenesis in the Olfactory Bulb
The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience. Jun, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21697387
Establishment of a neural stem cell niche in the postnatal subependymal zone (SEZ) and the rostral migratory stream (RMS) is required for postnatal and adult neurogenesis in the olfactory bulbs (OB). We report the discovery of a cellular lineage in the SEZ-RMS-OB continuum, the specification of which is dependent on the expression of the forkhead transcription factor Foxj1 in mice. Spatially and temporally restricted Foxj1+ neuronal progenitors emerge during embryonic periods, surge during perinatal development, and are active only for the first few postnatal weeks. We show that the development of the unique Foxj1-derived lineage is dependent on Foxj1 expression and is required for overall postnatal neurogenesis in the OB. Strikingly, the production of neurons from Foxj1+ progenitors significantly declines after the early postnatal weeks, but Foxj1-derived neurons in the OB persist during adult periods. For the first time, our study identifies the time- and region-specific activity of a perinatal progenitor domain that is required for transition and progression of OB neurogenesis from the embryonic-to-postnatal periods.