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In JoVE (1)
- In vivo Bioluminescence Imaging of Tumor Hypoxia Dynamics of Breast Cancer Brain Metastasis in a Mouse Model
Other Publications (3)
Articles by Heling Zhou in JoVE
In vivo Bioluminescence Imaging of Tumor Hypoxia Dynamics of Breast Cancer Brain Metastasis in a Mouse Model
Debabrata Saha1, Henry Dunn2, Heling Zhou2, Hiroshi Harada3, Masahiro Hiraoka3, Ralph P. Mason2, Dawen Zhao2
1Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 2Department of Radiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 3Department of Radiation Oncology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine
Bioluminescence imaging of hypoxia inducible factor-1α activity is applied to monitor intracranial tumor hypoxia development in a breast cancer brain metastasis mouse model.
Other articles by Heling Zhou on PubMed
Dynamic Near-infrared Optical Imaging of 2-deoxyglucose Uptake by Intracranial Glioma of Athymic Mice
PloS One. 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19956682
It is recognized that cancer cells exhibit highly elevated glucose metabolism compared to non-tumor cells. We have applied in vivo optical imaging to study dynamic uptake of a near-infrared dye-labeled glucose analogue, 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) by orthotopic glioma in a mouse model.
Nature Genetics. Oct, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21873998
We report the annotation and analysis of the draft genome sequence of Brassica rapa accession Chiifu-401-42, a Chinese cabbage. We modeled 41,174 protein coding genes in the B. rapa genome, which has undergone genome triplication. We used Arabidopsis thaliana as an outgroup for investigating the consequences of genome triplication, such as structural and functional evolution. The extent of gene loss (fractionation) among triplicated genome segments varies, with one of the three copies consistently retaining a disproportionately large fraction of the genes expected to have been present in its ancestor. Variation in the number of members of gene families present in the genome may contribute to the remarkable morphological plasticity of Brassica species. The B. rapa genome sequence provides an important resource for studying the evolution of polyploid genomes and underpins the genetic improvement of Brassica oil and vegetable crops.
Translational Oncology. Dec, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22191000
Phosphatidylserine (PS) is normally intracellular but becomes exposed on the luminal surface of vascular endothelial cells in tumors. It also becomes exposed on tumors cells responding to therapy. In the present study, we optically imaged exposed PS in vivo using PGN635, a novel monoclonal antibody that binds PS. The F(ab')(2) fragment of PGN635 was labeled with the near-infrared (NIR) dye, IRDye800CW. In vivo dynamic NIR imaging was performed after injection of 800CW-PGN635 into mice bearing radiation-treated or untreated U87 glioma xenografts growing subcutaneously or orthotopically. NIR optical imaging revealed a clear tumor contrast in nonirradiated subcutaneous U87 gliomas after injection of 800CW-PGN635. The tumor contrast was visible as early as 4 hours later and was maximal 24 hours later (tumor-to-normal tissue ratio [TNR] = 2.8 ± 0.7). Irradiation enhanced the tumor contrast at 24 hours (TNR = 4.0 ± 0.3). Similar results were observed for orthotopic gliomas. Localization of 800CW-PGN635 to tumors was antigen specific because 800CW-Aurexis, a control probe of irrelevant specificity, did not localize to the tumors, and preadministration of unlabeled PGN635 blocked the uptake of 800CW-PGN635. Fluorescence microscopy confirmed that 800CW-PGN635 was binding to PS-positive vascular endothelial cells in nonirradiated gliomas. Irradiation of the gliomas increased PS exposure on both tumor vascular endothelial cells and tumor cells and gave rise to an increase in tumor contrast with 800CW-PGN635 that was predictive of the reduction in tumor growth. 800CW-PGN635 may be a useful new imaging probe for detection of exposed PS in tumors responding to therapy.