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Articles by Jinshu Yang in JoVE
Большой Вставить экологического производства геномной библиотеки
Marcus Taupp, Sangwon Lee, Alyse Hawley, Jinshu Yang, Steven J. Hallam
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of British Columbia - UBC
Строительство fosmid библиотека с экологическими геномной ДНК, выделенной из вертикального континуума глубины сезонно гипоксических фьорда описано. В результате клон библиотеки собирают в 384-луночных планшетах и архивируются для последующих последовательности и функционального скрининга путем применения автоматизированной системы сбора колонии.
Other articles by Jinshu Yang on PubMed
Overexpression of Genes on 16q Associated with Cisplatin Resistance of Testicular Germ Cell Tumor Cell Lines
Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer. Jun, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15761863
Testicular germ-cell tumors (TGCTs) show exquisite sensitivity to cisplatin-based chemotherapy, and therefore this is considered a good model system for studying the mechanism of chemotherapy resistance. Although the genetic alterations related to TGCT have been well studied, little is known about the genetic basis of chemotherapy resistance, which occurs in a small proportion of TGCTs. In this study, we investigated genomic and expression differences between three cisplatin-sensitive and their paired cisplatin-resistant lines using combined whole-genome screen approaches. Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis on chromosomes revealed genetic differences between the resistant and parent cell lines in each pair, but did not show any consistent chromosome changes in all three lines. Microarray CGH analysis generated some additional information of DNA copy number gains and losses including some important oncogenes, tumor-suppressor genes, and drug-resistance-related genes. However, no consistent genomic region changes were found in the three cell lines. Interestingly, when comparative expressed sequence hybridization, a technique for gene expression profiling along chromosomes, was applied, we discovered a consistently overexpressed chromosomal region in all three resistant lines compared with their parent lines. The minimum overlapping chromosomal region is at 16q22-23. Further definition of genes in this chromosomal region will aid our understanding of the mechanism of cisplatin resistance and may offer novel therapeutic targets.
Association Between Large-scale Genomic Homozygosity Without Chromosomal Loss and Nonseminomatous Germ Cell Tumor Development
Cancer Research. Oct, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 16230368
The genotype of a tumor determines its biology and clinical behavior. The genetic alterations associated with the unique embryonal morphology of nonseminomatous subtypes of testicular germ cell tumors remain to be established. Using single nucleotide polymorphism microarray analysis, we found in all of the 15 nonseminomas analyzed, large-scale chromosomal homozygosities, most of which were not associated with relative chromosome loss. This unusual genotype, distinguishing nonseminoma from seminomas and other human tumors, may be associated with the special embryonal development morphologic transition of this malignancy. Based on these genetic data, we hypothesized a new potential origin of nonseminomas through sperm fusion. Nonrandom involvement of certain chromosomes also suggests that genes on these chromosome regions may play an important role in nonseminoma development.
Astrobiology. Apr, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21480792
Pitch Lake in Trinidad and Tobago is a natural asphalt reservoir nourished by pitch seepage, a form of petroleum that consists of mostly asphaltines, from the surrounding oil-rich region. During upward seepage, pitch mixes with mud and gases under high pressure, and the lighter portion evaporates or is volatilized, which produces a liquid asphalt residue characterized by low water activity, recalcitrant carbon substrates, and noxious chemical compounds. An active microbial community of archaea and bacteria, many of them novel strains (particularly from the new Tar ARC groups), totaling a biomass of up to 10(7) cells per gram, was found to inhabit the liquid hydrocarbon matrix of Pitch Lake. Geochemical and molecular taxonomic approaches revealed diverse, novel, and deeply branching microbial lineages with the potential to mediate anaerobic hydrocarbon degradation processes in different parts of the asphalt column. In addition, we found markers for archaeal methane metabolism and specific gene sequences affiliated with facultative and obligate anaerobic sulfur- and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria. The microbial diversity at Pitch Lake was found to be unique when compared to microbial communities analyzed at other hydrocarbon-rich environments, which included Rancho Le Brea, a natural asphalt environment in California, USA, and an oil well and a mud volcano in Trinidad and Tobago, among other sites. These results open a window into the microbial ecology and biogeochemistry of recalcitrant hydrocarbon matrices and establish the site as a terrestrial analogue for modeling the biotic potential of hydrocarbon lakes such as those found on Saturn's largest moon Titan.