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In JoVE (1)
- Doseamento do Capacidade de difusíveis moléculas sinalizadoras para Reorientar embrionárias Spinal Axônios comissural
Other Publications (3)
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Articles by Keith Phan in JoVE
Doseamento do Capacidade de difusíveis moléculas sinalizadoras para Reorientar embrionárias Spinal Axônios comissural
Virginia M. Hazen*1,2, Keith Phan*1, Ken Yamauchi*1,2, Samantha J. Butler1,2
1Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, 2Neuroscience Graduate Program, University of Southern California
Este ensaio avalia a capacidade de uma molécula de sinalização, aqui proteína morfogenética óssea 7 (BMP7), para reorientar axônios comissurais. Um explante da medula espinhal dorsal embrionárias cultivadas é adjacente a um agregado de células secretoras de COS os fatores de crescimento candidato. Reorientou axônios comissurais crescendo dentro do explante são visualizados através da imuno-histoquímica.
Other articles by Keith Phan on PubMed
BMP Type I Receptor Complexes Have Distinct Activities Mediating Cell Fate and Axon Guidance Decisions
Development (Cambridge, England). Mar, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18272594
The finding that morphogens, signalling molecules that specify cell identity, also act as axon guidance molecules has raised the possibility that the mechanisms that establish neural cell fate are also used to assemble neuronal circuits. It remains unresolved, however, how cells differentially transduce the cell fate specification and guidance activities of morphogens. To address this question, we have examined the mechanism by which the Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) guide commissural axons in the developing spinal cord. In contrast to studies that have suggested that morphogens direct axon guidance decisions using non-canonical signal transduction factors, our results indicate that canonical components of the BMP signalling pathway, the type I BMP receptors (BMPRs), are both necessary and sufficient to specify the fate of commissural neurons and guide their axonal projections. However, whereas the induction of cell fate is a shared property of both type I BMPRs, axon guidance is chiefly mediated by only one of the type I BMPRs, BMPRIB. Taken together, these results indicate that the diverse activities of BMP morphogens can be accounted for by the differential use of distinct components of the canonical BMPR complex.
The Bone Morphogenetic Protein Roof Plate Chemorepellent Regulates the Rate of Commissural Axonal Growth
The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience. Nov, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 21084599
Commissural spinal axons extend away from the roof plate (RP) in response to a chemorepellent mediated by the bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). Previous studies have focused on the ability of commissural axons to translate a spatial gradient of BMPs into directional information in vitro. However, a notable feature of this system in vivo is that the gradient of BMPs is thought to act from behind the commissural cell bodies, making it possible for the BMPs to have a continued effect on commissural axons as they grow away from the RP. Here, we demonstrate that BMPs activate the cofilin regulator Lim domain kinase 1 (Limk1) to control the rate of commissural axon extension in the dorsal spinal cord. By modulating Limk1 activity in both rodent and chicken commissural neurons, the rate of axon growth can either be stalled or accelerated. Altering the activation state of Limk1 also influences subsequent guidance decisions: accelerated axons make rostrocaudal projection errors while navigating their intermediate target, the floor plate. These results suggest that guidance cues can specify information about the rate of growth, to ensure that axons reach subsequent signals either at particular times or speeds during development.
PloS One. 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21779375
Dcc is the key receptor that mediates attractive responses of axonal growth cones to netrins, a family of axon guidance cues used throughout evolution. However, a Dcc homolog has not yet been identified in the chicken genome, raising the possibility that Dcc is not present in avians. Here we show that the closely related family member neogenin may functionally substitute for Dcc in the developing chicken spinal cord. The expression pattern of chicken neogenin in the developing spinal cord is a composite of the distribution patterns of both rodent Dcc and neogenin. Moreover, whereas the loss of mouse neogenin has no effect on the trajectory of commissural axons, removing chicken neogenin by RNA interference results in a phenotype similar to the functional inactivation of Dcc in mouse. Taken together, these data suggest that the chick neogenin is functionally equivalent to rodent Dcc.