Translate this page to:
In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (3)
Articles by Koji Morikawa in JoVE
Predicting the Effectiveness of Population Replacement Strategy Using Mathematical Modeling
John Marshall, Koji Morikawa, Nicholas Manoukis, Charles Taylor
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles
Charles Taylor and John Marshall explain the utility of mathematical modeling for evaluating the effectiveness of population replacement strategy. Insight is given into how computational models can provide information on the population dynamics of mosquitoes and the spread of transposable elements through A. gambiae subspecies. The ethical considerations of releasing genetically modified mosquitoes into the wild are discussed.
Other articles by Koji Morikawa on PubMed
International Journal of Psychophysiology : Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology. Dec, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17888536
Event-related potentials from visual stimuli that were presented after voluntary actions were recorded to examine how people expect their action effects. Participants pressed a button in response to a cue stimulus (L or R) either in the fixed condition where participants always pressed a center button or in the choice condition where they selectively pressed the corresponding left or right button. Immediately after the button press, a second stimulus (left or right) was presented visually to inform that their action was registered. When the second stimulus did not match the cue stimulus (p=.20), a late positive potential (LPP) with a posterior scalp distribution occurred in a latency range of 500-700 ms. The amplitude of this mismatch-related LPP was larger in the choice condition than in the fixed condition. The results suggest that the cognitive mismatch between the expected and actual action effects is reflected in the LPP, and the selection of a specific action strengthens the expectation of its action effect.
Identification of Event-related Potentials Elicited by Conceptual Mismatch Between Expectations and Self-chosen TV Images
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback. Sep, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21516349
When a voluntary action is followed by an unexpected stimulus, a late positive potential (LPP) with a posterior scalp distribution is elicited in a latency range of 500-700 ms. In the present study, we examined what type of mismatch between expectations and action outcomes was reflected by the LPP. Twelve student volunteers participated in a task simulating choice of TV programs. After choosing one of three options displayed as a cue stimulus, they viewed a second stimulus (still TV image). To manipulate the type of expectation, three kinds of cue conditions were used: thumbnail image condition (three small TV images), category label condition (three words), and no cue condition (three question marks). Over trials, the second stimulus either matched (p = .80) or mismatched (p = .20) the chosen option. As compared to matched TV images, mismatched TV images elicited a larger LPP (500-700 ms) in the thumbnail image and category label conditions. In addition, a larger centroparietal P3 (400-450 ms) was elicited to mismatched TV images in the thumbnail image condition alone. LPP reflects a conceptual mismatch between a category-based expectation and an ensuing action outcome, whereas P3 reflects a perceptual mismatch between an image-based expectation and an action outcome.
Neuroreport. Feb, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22336875
This study investigated the relationship between event-related brain potentials (ERPs) to abridged content information in the media and the subsequent decisions to view the full content. Student volunteers participated in a task that simulated information selection on the basis of the content information. Screenshots of television clips and headlines of news articles on the Web were used as content information for the image condition and the headline condition, respectively. Following presentation of a stimulus containing content information, participants decided whether or not they would view the full content by pressing a select or a reject button. When the select button was pressed, participants were presented with a television clip or a news article. When the reject button was pressed, participants continued on to the next trial, without viewing further. In comparison with rejected stimuli, selected stimuli elicited a larger negative component, with a peak latency of ∼250 ms. The increase in the negative component was independent of the type of visual stimulus. These results suggest that interest toward content information is reflected in early-stage event-related brain potential responses.