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In JoVE (1)
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Articles by Nancy E. Rawson in JoVE
İnsan Mantar şeklinde Lezzet papilla hücrelerinin izolasyonu ve Kültürü
Hakan Ozdener1, Andrew I. Spielman2, Nancy E. Rawson3
1Monell Chemical Senses Center, 2New York University College of Dentistry, 3AFB International
Biz insan mantarbiçim tat papilla hücrelerinin uzun süreli kültürlerde izole edilmesi ve sürdürülmesi için tekrarlanabilir bir protokol geliştirmeyi amaçladık. Biyopsi ile elde edilen insan mantarbiçim papilla hücreleri başarıyla canlılık kaybı olmadan daha sekiz pasajlar (12 ay) için kültüre edildi.
Other articles by Nancy E. Rawson on PubMed
Chemical Senses. Mar, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16452455
Taste cells have a limited life span and are replaced from a basal cell population, although the specific factors involved in this process are not well known. Short- and long-term cultures of other sensory cells have facilitated efforts to understand the signals involved in proliferation, differentiation, and senescence, yet few studies have reported successful primary culture protocols for taste cells. Furthermore, no studies have demonstrated both proliferation and differentiation in vitro. In this study, we have developed an in vitro culture system to maintain and utilize rat primary taste cells for more than 2 months without losing key molecular and biochemical features. Gustducin, phospholipase C-beta2 (PLC-beta2), T1R3, and T2R5 mRNA were detected in the cultured cells by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Western blot analysis demonstrated gustducin and PLC-beta2 expression in the same samples, which was confirmed by immunocytochemistry. Labeling with bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) demonstrated proliferation, and a subset of BrdU-labeled cells were also immunoreactive for either gustducin or PLC-beta2, indicating differentiation of newly generated cells in vitro. Cultured cells also exhibited increases in intracellular calcium in response to several taste stimuli. These results indicate that taste cells from adult rats can be generated and maintained under the described conditions for at least 2 months. This system will enable further studies of the processes involved in proliferation, differentiation, and function of mammalian taste receptor cells in an in vitro preparation.
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. Aug, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19268521
Taste loss or alterations can seriously impact health and quality of life due to the resulting negative influence on eating habits and nutrition. Infection and inflammation are thought to be some of the most common causes of taste perception disorders. Supporting this view, neuro-immune interactions in the peripheral gustatory system have been identified, underlying the importance of this tissue in mucosal immunity, but we have little understanding of how these interactions influence taste perception directly or indirectly. This limited understanding is evident by the lack of even a basic knowledge of the resident immune cell populations in or near taste tissues. The present study characterized the distribution and population of the major immune cells and their subsets in healthy human anterior, lingual, fungiform papillae (FP) using immunohistochemistry. Dendritic cells (DCs) were the predominant innate immune cells in this tissue, including four subtypes: CD11c(+) DCs, DC-SIGN+ immature DCs, CD83(+) mature DCs, and CD1a(+) DCs (Langerhans cells). While most DCs were localized beneath the lamina propria and only moderately in the epithelium, CD1a(+) Langerhans cells were exclusively present within the epithelium and not in sub-strata. A small number of macrophages were observed. T lymphocytes were present throughout the FP with CD4(+) T cells more prevalent than CD8(+) T cells. Very few CD19(+) B lymphocytes were detected. The results show that DCs, macrophages, and T lymphocytes are the constitutive guardians of human FP taste tissue, with DCs and CD4 T cells being dominant, while B lymphocytes are rare under normal, healthy conditions. These observations provide a basic anatomical foundation for the immune response in the healthy human tongue as a basis for subsequent disease-related studies, but none of the present data indicate that the immune cell populations identified are, in fact, altered in individuals with abnormal taste perception.
Chemical Senses. Sep, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21471186
The ability to maintain human fungiform papillae cells in culture for multiple cell cycles would be of considerable utility for characterizing the molecular, regenerative, and functional properties of these unique sensory cells. Here we describe a method for enzymatically isolating human cells from fungiform papillae obtained by biopsy and maintaining them in culture for more than 7 passages (7 months) without loss of viability and while retaining many of the functional properties of acutely isolated taste cells. Cells in these cultures exhibited increases in intracellular calcium when stimulated with perceptually appropriate concentrations of several taste stimuli, indicating that at least some of the native signaling pathways were present. This system can provide a useful model for molecular studies of the proliferation, differentiation, and physiological function of human fungiform papillae cells.