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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (3)
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Articles by Phillip George in JoVE
High-throughput Fysische in kaart brengen van Chromosomen met Automatisch
Phillip George, Maria V. Sharakhova, Igor V. Sharakhov
Department of Entomology, Virginia Tech
Other articles by Phillip George on PubMed
BMC Genomics. 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20684766
Heterochromatin plays an important role in chromosome function and gene regulation. Despite the availability of polytene chromosomes and genome sequence, the heterochromatin of the major malaria vector Anopheles gambiae has not been mapped and characterized.
Molecular Evolution of a Gene Cluster of Serine Proteases Expressed in the Anopheles Gambiae Female Reproductive Tract
BMC Evolutionary Biology. 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21418586
Genes involved in post-mating processes of multiple mating organisms are known to evolve rapidly due to coevolution driven by sexual conflict among male-female interacting proteins. In the malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae - a monandrous species in which sexual conflict is expected to be absent or minimal - recent data strongly suggest that proteolytic enzymes specifically expressed in the female lower reproductive tissues are involved in the processing of male products transferred to females during mating. In order to better understand the role of selective forces underlying the evolution of proteins involved in post-mating responses, we analysed a cluster of genes encoding for three serine proteases that are down-regulated after mating, two of which specifically expressed in the atrium and one in the spermatheca of A. gambiae females.
Molecular Characterization and Evolution of a Gene Family Encoding Male-specific Reproductive Proteins in the African Malaria Vector Anopheles Gambiae
BMC Evolutionary Biology. 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21978124
During copulation, the major Afro-tropical malaria vector Anopheles gambiae s.s. transfers male accessory gland (MAG) proteins to females as a solid mass (i.e. the "mating plug"). These proteins are postulated to function as important modulators of female post-mating responses. To understand the role of selective forces underlying the evolution of these proteins in the A. gambiae complex, we carried out an evolutionary analysis of gene sequence and expression divergence on a pair of paralog genes called AgAcp34A-1 and AgAcp34A-2. These encode MAG-specific proteins which, based on homology with Drosophila, have been hypothesized to play a role in sperm viability and function.