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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (2)
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Articles by Xiaoting Meng in JoVE
Campo elétrico controlado de migração dirigida de células progenitoras neurais em ambientes 2D e 3D
Xiaoting Meng*1, Wenfei Li*2,3, Fraser Young1, Runchi Gao3, Laura Chalmers3, Min Zhao3, Bing Song1
1School of Dentistry, Cardiff Institute of Tissue Engineering & Repair, Cardiff University, 2Shandong Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong University School of Medicine, 3Dermatology and Ophthalmology Research, Institute for Regenerative Cures, University of California at Davis
Este protocolo demonstra métodos utilizados para estabelecer ambientes 2D e 3D em câmaras de design personalizado electrotactic, que pode acompanhar células
Other articles by Xiaoting Meng on PubMed
PI3K Mediated Electrotaxis of Embryonic and Adult Neural Progenitor Cells in the Presence of Growth Factors
Experimental Neurology. Jan, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21092738
Correct guidance of the migration of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) is essential for the development and repair of the central nervous system (CNS). Electric field (EF)-guided migration, electrotaxis, has been observed in many cell types. We report here that, in applied EFs of physiological magnitude, embryonic and adult NPCs show marked electrotaxis, which is dependent on the PI3K/Akt pathway. The electrotaxis was also evidenced by ex vivo investigation that transplanted NPCs migrated directionally towards cathode in organotypic spinal cord slice model when treated with EFs. Genetic disruption or pharmacological inhibition of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) impaired electrotaxis, whereas EF exposure increased Akt phosphorylation in a growth factor-dependent manner and increased phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3) levels. EF treatments also induced asymmetric redistribution of PIP3, growth factor receptors, and actin cytoskeleton. Electrotaxis in both embryonic and adult NPCs requires epidermal growth factor (EGF) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF). Our results demonstrate the importance of the PI3K/Akt pathway in directed migration of NPCs driven by EFs and growth factors and highlight the potential of EFs to enhance the guidance of various NPC populations in CNS repair therapies.
Nanoscale. Mar, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21293831
Neural stem cells (NSCs) exhibit features that make them suitable candidates for stem cell replacement therapy and spinal cord reconstruction. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers the potential to track cells in vivo using innovative approaches to cell labeling and image acquisition. In this study, experiments were carried out to optimize the loading condition of magnetic CoPt hollow nanoparticles (CoPt NPs) into neural stem cells and to define appropriate MRI parameters. Both cell viability and multipotency analysis showed that CoPt NPs at a concentration of 16 µg ml(-1) reduced T2 relaxation times in labeled rat NSCs, producing greater contrast on spin echo acquisitions at 4.7 T, yet did not affect cell viability and in vitro differentiation potential compared to controls. After optimizing nanoparticle loading concentrations and labeled cell numbers for MRI detection, CoPt-loaded NSCs were transplanted into organotypic spinal cord slices. The results showed that MRI could efficiently detect low numbers of CoPt-labeled NSCs with the enhanced image contrast. Our study demonstrated that MRI of grafted NSCs labeled with CoPt NPs is a useful tool to evaluate organotypic spinal cord slice models and has potential applications in other biological systems.