JoVE Immunology and Infection
1Department of Dental Materials, College of Dentistry, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 2Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 3Department of Biological Sciences, School of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, The Copperbelt University
A protocol for the concurrent quantification and comparison of three cellular and extracellular components within biofilms is presented. The methodology involves the use of confocal laser scanning microscopy, biofilm structural analysis and visualization software, and statistical analysis software.
JoVE Immunology and Infection
1Laboratory of Fungal Pathogenesis, Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics, Andhra Pradesh, India, 2Current location: VIB Department for Molecular Biomedical Research, UGent, Fiers-Schell-Van Montagu Building, Technologiepark 927, B-9052 Ghent (Zwijnaarde), Belgium
The current article outlines a protocol to establish an in vitro cell culture model system to study the interaction of a facultative intracellular human fungal pathogen Candida glabrata with human macrophages which will be a useful tool to advance our knowledge of fungal virulence mechanisms.
1Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine
Stage-specific isolation of mid-to-late Drosophila follicles is useful for a variety of purposes. Such follicles develop in culture, which allows for genetic and/or pharmacologic manipulations to be coupled with in vitro development assays and live imaging. Additionally, follicles can be used for molecular studies, such as isolating mRNA and protein.
1Wolfson Centre for Age-Related Diseases, King's College London, 2David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Neuroblast migration is a fundamental event in postnatal neurogenesis. We describe a protocol for efficient labeling of neuroblasts by in vivo postnatal electroporation and subsequent visualization of their migration using time-lapse imaging of acute brain slices. We include a description for the quantitative analysis of neuroblast dynamics by video tracking.
1Medical Pharmacology and Physiology, University of Missouri, 2Dalton Cardiovascular Research Center
We present a preparation for visualizing and manipulating calcium signaling in native, intact microvascular endothelium. Endothelial tubes freshly isolated from mouse resistance arteries supplying skeletal muscle retain in vivo morphology and dynamic signaling within and between neighboring cells. Endothelial tubes can be prepared from microvessels of other tissues and organs.
JoVE Clinical and Translational Medicine
1Institute for Neuroscience and Muscle Research, The Kids Research Institute at the Children's Hospital at Westmead, The University of Sydney, 2Flow Cytometry Centre, Westmead Millennium Institute for Medical Research
Over the recent years, live cell-based assays have been used successfully to detect antibodies against surface and conformational antigens. Here, we describe a method using high-throughput flow cytometry enabling the analysis of large cohorts of patients. Detection of novel antibodies will improve diagnosis and treatment of immune-mediated disorders.
1Institute for Research on Cancer and Ageing of Nice, UMR CNRS 7284 - INSERM, U1081 - UNS, Centre Antoine Lacassagne, University of Nice - Sophia Antipolis
We describe here an accurate, reproducible and convenient biochemical method for titration of glycogen in vitro. This technique uses the Abcam Glycogen assay kit and is based on successive hydrolysis of glycogen to glucose and glucose titration by fluorescence.
1Mitochondria and Metabolism Center, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Washington
Confocal scanning microscopy is applied for imaging single mitochondrial events in perfused heart or skeletal muscles in live animal. Real-time monitoring of single mitochondrial processes such as superoxide flashes and membrane potential fluctuations enables the evaluation of mitochondrial function in a physiologically relevant context and during pathological perturbations.
1School of Molecular Medical Sciences, University of Nottingham, 2Division of Drug Delivery and Tissue Engineering, University of Nottingham, 3Laboratory of Biophysics and Surface Analysis, University of Nottingham
Biocompatible pH responsive sol-gel nanosensors can be incorporated into poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) electrospun scaffolds. The produced self-reporting scaffolds can be used for in situ monitoring of microenvironmental conditions whilst culturing cells upon the scaffold. This is beneficial as the 3D cellular construct can be monitored in real-time without disturbing the experiment.
1Department of Biomedical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology
This model system starts from a myofibroblast-populated fibrin gel that can be used to study endogenous collagen (re)organization real-time in a nondestructive manner. The model system is very tunable, as it can be used with different cell sources, medium additives, and can be adapted easily to specific needs.