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Discovering Middle Ear Anatomy by Transcanal Endoscopic Ear Surgery

Discovering Middle Ear Anatomy by Transcanal Endoscopic Ear Surgery: A Dissection Manual

Article DOI: 10.3791/56390 10:40 min January 11th, 2018
January 11th, 2018



The aim of this article is to describe the methodology of exclusively endoscopic cadaveric middle ear dissection. Moreover, we aim to provide a comprehensive guide to endoscopic middle ear anatomy.



Transcanal Endoscopic Ear Surgery Middle Ear Anatomy Endoscopic Dissection Manual Endoscopic Middle Ear Dissection Techniques Wide Angled Views Panoramic Views Angled Scopes Zero Degree Endoscope Three Millimeter Diameter Endoscope 15 Centimeter Length Endoscope External Auditory Canal Ear Wax Removal Tympanic Membrane Malleus Short Process Of The Malleus Manubrium Umbo Annulus Of Tympanic Membrane Pars Flaccida Shrapnel Membrane
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