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In JoVE (1)
- Gelijktijdig Synthese van enkelwandige koolstof nanobuisjes en grafeen in een magnetisch-enhanced Arc Plasma
Other Publications (2)
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Articles by Alexey Shashurin in JoVE
Gelijktijdig Synthese van enkelwandige koolstof nanobuisjes en grafeen in een magnetisch-enhanced Arc Plasma
Jian Li, Alexey Shashurin, Madhusudhan Kundrapu, Michael Keidar
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, The George Washington University
Anodische boogontlading is een van de meest praktische en efficiënte methoden om diverse koolstofnanostructuren synthetiseren. Ter verhoging van de boog beheersbaarheid en flexibiliteit, was een niet-uniform magnetisch veld kennis met de een-staps synthese van grootschalige grafeen vlokken en hoogzuivere single-walled carbon nanotubes proces.
Other articles by Alexey Shashurin on PubMed
Experimental Cell Research. Aug, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20580707
Corneal scarring is a major cause of blindness worldwide and can result from the deposition of abnormal amounts of collagen fibers lacking the correct size and spacing required to produce a clear cornea. Collagen fiber formation requires a preformed fibronectin (FN) matrix. We demonstrate that the loss of syndecan1 (sdc1) in corneal stromal cells (CSC) impacts cell migration rates, the sizes and composition of focal and fibrillar adhesions, the activation of integrins, and the assembly of fibronectin into fibrils. Integrin and fibronectin expression are not altered on sdc1-null CSCs. Cell adhesion, spreading, and migration studies using low compared to high concentrations of FN and collagen I (CNI) or vitronectin (VN) with and without activation of integrins by manganese chloride show that the impact of sdc1 depletion on integrin activation varies depending on the integrin-mediated activity evaluated. Differences in FN fibrillogenesis and migration in sdc1-null CSCs are reversed by addition of manganese chloride but cell spreading differences remain. To determine if our findings on sdc1 were specific to the cornea, we compared the phenotypes of sdc1-null dermal fibroblasts with those of CSCs. We found that without sdc1, both cell types migrate faster; however, cell-type-specific differences in FN expression and its assembly into fibrils exist between these two cell types. Together, our data demonstrate that sdc1 functions to regulate integrin activity in multiple cell types. Loss of sdc1-mediated integrin function results in cell-type specific differences in matrix assembly. A better understanding of how different cell types regulate FN fibril formation via syndecans and integrins will lead to better treatments for scarring and fibrosis.
Tailored Distribution of Single-wall Carbon Nanotubes from Arc Plasma Synthesis Using Magnetic Fields
ACS Nano. Sep, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20707323
We report a method for tuning the distribution of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) produced by the anodic arc production method via the application of nonuniform magnetic fields to the gap region during synthesis. Raman, ultraviolet-visible-near-infrared absorbance and near-infrared fluorescence spectroscopies were used to characterize samples together with scanning electron microscopy. Application of the nonuniform magnetic field 0.2-2 kG results in a broadening of the diameter range of SWCNTs produced toward decreased diameters, with substantial fractions of produced SWCNTs being of small diameter, less than ∼1.3 nm, at the highest field. The ability to tune production of the arc production method may allow for improvement in achievable SWCNT properties.