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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (4)
Articles by Bongsu Jung in JoVE
Simple and Robust in vivo and in vitro Approach for Studying Virus Assembly
Sonali Chaturvedi1, Bongsu Jung2, Sharad Gupta2, Bahman Anvari2, A.L.N. Rao1
1Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, University of California, Riverside, 2Department of Bioengineering, University of California, Riverside
A simple, efficient and robust way to synchronize the delivery of multiple viral components to plant cells via Agrobacterium-mediated transient expression is described. This approach is amenable for studying replication, encapsidation followed by in vitro reassembly of non-viral components into genome depleted optical viral ghosts suitable for biomedical applications.
Other articles by Bongsu Jung on PubMed
Nanotechnology. Apr, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 21817757
Ultraflat surfaces are required for many studies of single molecules, and the need for both a wide choice of surface materials and the ability to pattern these surfaces has led to the development of different template-stripping approaches. The fabrication of nanopatterned ultraflat surfaces is particularly challenging, because more than one material is present in the surface. We demonstrate a new template-stripping strategy that allows us to fabricate large-area nanopatterned surfaces, solving the problem of incomplete template removal by introducing a sacrificial carbon layer and a sandwich structure for the template. The thin residual carbon film transferred from the template is removed from the nanopatterned surface by dry etching, as demonstrated by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and, for metal nanoparticles embedded in a glass surface, by a shift in the absorption of the localized surface plasmon resonance. We show that gold nanoparticles in a glass surface can be selectively functionalized with thiols yielding about 2 nm height increase. Atomic force microscopy and localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy both indicate that the nanoparticle shape is preserved well.
Molecular Pharmaceutics. Sep-Oct, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19799463
Indocyanine green (ICG) is a fluorescent probe used in various optically mediated diagnostic and therapeutic applications. However, utility of ICG remains limited by its unstable optical properties and nonspecific localization. We have encapsulated ICG within electrostatically assembled mesocapsules (MCs) to explore its potential for targeted optical imaging and therapy. In this study, we investigate how the surface coating and size of the MCs influences ICG's biodistribution in vivo. ICG was administered intravenously to Swiss Webster mice as a free solution or encapsulated within either 100 nm diameter MCs coated with dextran; 500 nm diameter MCs coated with dextran; or 100 nm diameter MCs coated with 10 nm ferromagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, themselves coated with polyethylene glycol. ICG was extracted from harvested blood and organs at various times and its amount quantified with fluorescence measurements. MCs containing ICG accumulated in organs of the reticuloendothelial system, namely, the liver and spleen, as well as the lungs. The circulation kinetics of ICG appeared unaffected by encapsulation; however, the deposition within organs other than the liver suggests a different biodistribution mechanism. Results suggest that the capsules' coating influences their biodistribution to a greater extent than their size. The MC encapsulation system allows for delivery of ICG to organs other than the liver, enabling the potential development of new optical imaging and therapeutic strategies.
Optical Nano-constructs Composed of Genome-depleted Brome Mosaic Virus Doped with a Near Infrared Chromophore for Potential Biomedical Applications
ACS Nano. Feb, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21210643
We have engineered an optical nanoconstruct composed of genome-depleted brome mosaic virus doped with indocyanine green (ICG), an FDA-approved near-infrared (NIR) chromophore. Constructs are highly monodispersed with standard deviation of ±3.8 nm from a mean diameter of 24.3 nm. They are physically stable and exhibit a high degree of optical stability at physiological temperature (37 °C). Using human bronchial epithelial cells, we demonstrate the effectiveness of the constructs for intracellular optical imaging in vitro, with greater than 90% cell viability after 3 h of incubation. These constructs may serve as a potentially nontoxic and multifunctional nanoplatform for site-specific deep-tissue optical imaging, and therapy of disease.
Synthesis and Characterization of Bovine Serum Albumin-coated Nanocapsules Loaded with Indocyanine Green As Potential Multifunctional Nanoconstructs
Biotechnology Progress. Sep, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22002955
We have synthesized and characterized bovine serum albumin (BSA)-coated polymeric nanocapsules (NCs) loaded with indocyanine green (ICG), an FDA-approved near infrared chromophore. Poly(allylamine) hydrochloride was electrostatically crosslinked with phosphate anions to form nanoconstructs encapsulating ICG. BSA was conjugated onto the polymeric NCs via glutaraldehyde. BSA-coated ICG-containing nanocapsules (BSA-ICG NCs) were characterized by FTIR and optical spectroscopy, SEM, and zeta-potential measurements. Using normal human endocervical epithelial cells, we demonstrate the effectiveness of BSA-ICG NCs for intracellular optical imaging in vitro. These nanoconstructs may potentially serve as a multifunctional platform for combined optical imaging, phototherapy, and drug delivery. © 2011 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 2011.