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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (6)
Articles by Hugo Macedo in JoVE
Ex vivo Mimicry of Normal and Abnormal Human Hematopoiesis
Teresa Mortera-Blanco1, Maria Rende1, Hugo Macedo1, Serene Farah1, Alexander Bismarck1, Athanasios Mantalaris1, Nicki Panoskaltsis2
1Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemical Technology, South Kensington campus, Imperial College London, 2Department of Hematology, Northwick Park & St. Mark's campus, Imperial College London
A 3D culture system for hematopoiesis is described using human cord blood and leukemic bone marrow cells. The method is based on the use of a porous synthetic polyurethane scaffold coated with extracellular matrix proteins. This scaffold is adaptable to accommodate a wide range of cells.
Other articles by Hugo Macedo on PubMed
Journal of the Royal Society, Interface / the Royal Society. Mar, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19033137
In recent years, the potential of stem cell research for tissue engineering-based therapies and regenerative medicine clinical applications has become well established. In 2006, Chung pioneered the first entire organ transplant using adult stem cells and a scaffold for clinical evaluation. With this a new milestone was achieved, with seven patients with myelomeningocele receiving stem cell-derived bladder transplants resulting in substantial improvements in their quality of life. While a bladder is a relatively simple organ, the breakthrough highlights the incredible benefits that can be gained from the cross-disciplinary nature of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine (TERM) that encompasses stem cell research and stem cell bioprocessing. Unquestionably, the development of bioprocess technologies for the transfer of the current laboratory-based practice of stem cell tissue culture to the clinic as therapeutics necessitates the application of engineering principles and practices to achieve control, reproducibility, automation, validation and safety of the process and the product. The successful translation will require contributions from fundamental research (from developmental biology to the 'omics' technologies and advances in immunology) and from existing industrial practice (biologics), especially on automation, quality assurance and regulation. The timely development, integration and execution of various components will be critical-failures of the past (such as in the commercialization of skin equivalents) on marketing, pricing, production and advertising should not be repeated. This review aims to address the principles required for successful stem cell bioprocessing so that they can be applied deftly to clinical applications.
Preparation, Fabrication and Biocompatibility of Novel Injectable Temperature-sensitive Chitosan/glycerophosphate/collagen Hydrogels
Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine. Oct, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20640914
This paper introduces a novel type of injectable temperature-sensitive chitosan/glycerophosphate/collagen (C/GP/Co) hydrogel that possesses great biocompatibility for the culture of adipose tissue-derived stem cells. The C/GP/Co hydrogel is prepared by mixing 2.2% (v/v) chitosan with 50% (w/w) β-glycerophosphate at different proportions and afterwards adding 2 mg/ml of collagen. The gelation time of the prepared solution at 37°C was found to be of around 12 min. The inner structure of the hydrogel presented a porous spongy structure, as observed by scanning electron microscopy. Moreover, the osmolality of the medium in contact with the hydrogel was in the range of 310-330 mmol kg(-1). These analyses have shown that the C/GP/Co hydrogels are structurally feasible for cell culture, while their biocompatibility was further examined. Human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) were seeded into the developed C/GP and C/GP/Co hydrogels (The ratios of C/GP and C/GP/Co were 5:1 and 5:1:6, respectively), and the cellular growth was periodically observed under an inverted microscope. The proliferation of ADSCs was detected using cck-8 kits, while cell apoptosis was determined by a Live/Dead Viability/Cytotoxicity kit. After 7 days of culture, cells within the C/GP/Co hydrogels displayed a typical adherent cell morphology and good proliferation with very high cellular viability. It was thus demonstrated that the novel C/GP/Co hydrogel herein described possess excellent cellular compatibility, representing a new alternative as a scaffold for tissue engineering, with the added advantage of being a gel at the body's temperature that turns liquid at room temperature.
Simultaneous Expansion and Harvest of Hematopoietic Stem Cells and Mesenchymal Stem Cells Derived from Umbilical Cord Blood
Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine. Dec, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20924776
The simultaneous expansion and harvest of hematopoietic stem cells and mesenchymal stem cells derived from umbilical cord blood were carried out using bioreactors. The co-culture of umbilical cord blood (UCB)-derived hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) was performed within spinner flasks and a rotating wall vessel (RWV) bioreactor using glass-coated styrene copolymer (GCSC) microcarriers. The medium used was composed of serum-free IMDM containing a cocktail of SCF 15 ng·mL(-1), FL 5 ng·mL(-1), TPO 6 ng·mL(-1), IL-3 15 ng·mL(-1), G-CSF 1 ng·mL(-1) and GM-CSF 5 ng·mL(-1). Accessory stromal cells derived from normal allogeneic adipose tissue were encapsulated in alginate-chitosan (AC) beads and used as feeding cells. The quality of the harvested UCB-HSCs and MSCs was assessed by immunophenotype analysis, methylcellulose colony and multi-lineage differentiation assays. After 12 days of culture, the fold-expansion of total cell numbers, colony-forming units (CFU-C), CD34(+)/CD45(+)/CD105(-) (HSCs) cells and CD34(-)/CD45(-)/CD105(+) (MSCs) cells using the RWV bioreactor were (3.7 ± 0.3)- , (5.1 ± 1.2)- , (5.2 ± 0.4)- , and (13.9 ± 1.2)-fold respectively, significantly better than those obtained using spinner flasks. Moreover, UCB-HSCs and UCB-MSCs could be easily separated by gravity sedimentation after the co-culture period as only UCB-MSCs adhered on to the microcarriers. Simultaneously, we found that the fibroblast-like cells growing on the surface of the GCSC microcarriers could be induced and differentiated towards the osteoblastic, chondrocytic and adipocytic lineages. Phenotypically, these cells were very similarly to the MSCs derived from bone marrow positively expressing the MSCs-related markers CD13, CD44, CD73 and CD105, while negatively expressing the HSCs-related markers CD34, CD45 and HLA-DR. It was thus demonstrated that the simultaneous expansion and harvest of UCB-HSCs and UCB-MSCs is possible to be accomplished using a feasible bioreactor culture system such as the RWV bioreactor with the support of GCSC microcarriers.
BMC Surgery. 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20955561
An upper limb arteriovenous (AV) fistula is the access of choice for haemodialysis (HD). There have been few reports of saphenofemoral AV fistulas (SFAVF) over the last 10-20 years because of previous suggestions of poor patencies and needling difficulties. Here, we describe our clinical experience with SFAVF.
International Archives of Medicine. 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21569616
The analysis of hemodialysis services is relevant for the quality of life of patient. In this study we investigated the profile of vascular access used for hemodialysis patients in our Unit.
Involvement of the Atrial Natriuretic Peptide in Cardiovascular Pathophysiology and Its Relationship with Exercise
International Archives of Medicine. 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22313592
ABSTRACT: In this minireview we describe the involvement of the atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in cardiovascular pathophysiology and exercise. The ANP has a broad homeostatic role and exerts complex effects on the cardio-circulatory hemodynamics, it is produced by the left atrium and has a key role in regulating sodium and water balance in mammals and humans. The dominant stimulus for its release is atrial wall tension, commonly caused by exercise. The ANP is involved in the process of lipolysis through a cGMP signaling pathway and, as a consequence, reducing blood pressure by decreasing the sensitivity of vascular smooth muscle to the action of vasoconstrictors and regulate fluid balance. The increase of this hormone is associated with better survival in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). This minireview provides new evidence based on recent studies related to the beneficial effects of exercise in patients with cardiovascular disease, focusing on the ANP.